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1910 g {}.\){\ 

^ u Germany as far as the Bavarian and Austrian l^onti•'r>^ 

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45 Plans. Eleventh edition. 1910 . g 1.80 

The Rhine inclading the Seven Mountains, the Moselle, the Volcani< 

Ei' ' '^^ T tnus, the ()d»'nwald and Heidelberg, the Vfts!.--* s 

M' k the Forest, etr. With r,'.> Mans an 1 .'9 Pljins. 

SeTcnteenth edition. 1911 ^ 2 JO 

Publlehed at net prices /^ 

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65 Plans, and a Panorama. Seventh edition. 1910 § 3.00 

London and its Environs. With 10 Maps and 19 Plans. Sixteenth 
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Greece, the Greek Islands, and an Excursion to Orete. With 16 Maps, 
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Holland see Belgium and Holland. 

Italy : 

/. Northern Italy, including Leghorn, Florence, Ravenna, and Routes 
through Switzerland and Austria. With 30 Maps and 40 Plans. 
Tliirteenth edition. 1906 $ 2.40 

TI. Central Italy and Rome. With 19 Maps, 55 Plans and Views, 
and the Arms of the Popes since 1417. Fifteenth edition. 
1909 $ 2.25 

///. Southern Italy and Sicily, with Excursions to Malta, Sardinia, 
Tunis, and Corfu. With 30 Maps and 28 Plans. Fifteenth edition. 
1908 $ 1.80 

Italy from the Alps to Naples. With 25 Maps and 52 Plans 
and Sketches. Second edition. 1909 $ 2.40 

The Mediterranean. Seaports and Sea Routes, including Ma- 
deira, the Canary Islands, the Coast of Morocco, Algeria, and 
Tunisia. With 38 Maps and 49 Plans. 1911 $ 3.60 

Nor"way, Sweden, and Denmark, with Excursions to Iceland 
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of Jerusalem. Fifth edition. 1912 $ 3.60 

Portugal see Spain and Portugal. 

Riviera see Southern France. 

Russia, in German or French only: 

Rutland. Europ. RuBland, Eisenbahnen in Russ.-Asien, Teheran, Pe- 
king. Mit 20 Karten, 40 Planen u. 11 Grundr. 6. Aufl. 1904. $ 4.50 

Russischer Sprachfuhrer. 4. Aufl. 1903 $ 0.30 

Russie. Avec 19 cartes et 32 plans. 3« edition. 1902 $ 4.50 

Manuel de langue Russe. 3® edition. 1903 $ 0.30 

Scotland see Great Britain. 

Spain and Portugal, with Excursions to Tangier and the Balearic 
Islands. With 7 Maps and 47 Plans. Third edition. 1908. $ 4.80 

Switzerland and the adjacent portions of Italy, Savoy, and Tyrol. 
With 75 Maps, 20 Plans, and 12 Panoramas. Twenty-fourth edition. 
1911 $ 2.40 

Tyrol see The Eastern Alps,, 

Published at net prices 







{Oomp, p, xvii.) 
Approxiinjitt* F'quivahMits. 


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, 600 


R. ^ Room, including liK^'^ A'>'t ^^' 

B. . 

L. ^ Luncheon. 
D. =» Dinner. 
H. — Supper. 
KfmtH. -- KefreBhinentM. 
.M. — Kn^rli-^h mile, 
ft. r, -^ F.rm'l. foot. 
Kil. =- Kilom^-tre. 
Kji^r. = Kiloifrarnine. 
N. = North, north»!rn. 
8. = South, Houthorn. 
K. — Ka»t, eaHtern. 
\V. =r Went, weiilern. 

AHteriskH are UHed ns niarkH 

r. = KiK'i 

1. = Left. 

hr. =3 Hour. 

n>in. = Minute. 

c, ca. = circa, about. 

comp. = compare. 

fr. = franc. 

c. = centime. 

Jl = mark. 

pf. = pfennig. 

K. = crown, 

h. = heller. 

S.A.C. = SwiH« Al 


LA.C. = Italian Alpine Club. 
F.A.C. = French Alpine Club. 

of commendation. 

1 r^ 1 







With 75 Maps, 20 Plans, anu 12 Panoramas 





101 1 

'Go, little book, God Hcnd thee K'ood parisaKe, 
And BpeciAlly let thift be thy prayere 
I'nto them all that th<'e will read or hear, 
VVhrre thou art wronjr, after their help to .all 
Thee to correct iu any part or all.' 


'^•'^R 2 2 1984 


The object of the Handbook for Switzerland is to supply the 
traveller with all needful information, to point out the most inter- 
esting places and the best way of reaching them, to render him 
comparatively independent of the services of guides and others, 
and thus to enable him thoroughly to enjoy his tour in this mag- 
nificent country. 

With improved facilities for travel, the number of visitors to 
Switzerland has greatly increased of late years, and mountaineering 
ambition has been proportionally stimulated. Summits once deemed 
well-nigh inaccessible are now scaled annually by travellers from 
all parts of the world. The achievements of the modern Alpine 
clubs have dimmed the memory of De Saussure, Auldjo, and the 
other pioneers of these icy regions, and even ladies now frequently 
vie with the stronger sex in their deeds of daring. 

The Handbook is based on the Editor's personal acquaintance 
with the places described, most of which he has carefully and repeat- 
edly explored. This edition, which corresponds with the thirty- 
fourth German edition, has been thoroughly revised, and furnished 
with the latest information obtainable. Its contents are divided 
into Seven Sections (I. North Switzerland; II. Central Switzer- 
land, Lake of Lucerne and Environs, and St. Gotthard; III. Bernese 
Oberland; IV. Western Switzerland, Lake of Geneva, Lower Rhone 
Valley; V. Chamonix, the Valais, and the adjacent Italian Alps; 
VI. South-Eastern Switzerland, Grisons ; VII. Lakes of North Italy), 
each of which may be separately removed from the book by the 
mountaineer or pedestrian who desires to minimize the bulk of his 
luggage. To each section is prefixed a list of the routes it contains, 
80 that each forms an approximately complete volume apart from 
the general tjkble of contents or the general index. 

The Editor will highly appreciate any corrections or suggestions 
with which travellers may favour him. The information already re- 
ceived from numerous correspondents, which he gratefully acknow-. 
ledges, has in many instances proved most serviceabb^ Annotated 
hotel-bills are always welcome. 

tI pkkface. 

Thf Maps and Planh, on which special care has been bestowed, 
are based on Siegfried's AfUis «>/* Switzerland and on Dnfour^s 
Map (p. xxix), and revised with the aid of other recent authori- 
ties and from the Editor's own experiences. Two of them appear 
for the first time in this issue. 

TivK TABL>a*. The best Swiss publications arc the indicatenr 
i)fK :.: <. :<ise (Hern, 1*/, fr.), issued four times a year, and the 
*A r' (time-tables) of Bilrkli of Zurich (80 c.) and KrUsi 

of BAle (80 c), sold at most of the railway-stations. 

Hkiohtm are giv»»n in the text in English feet, on the maps in 
mAtres (1 Engl. ft. = 0.3048 mt^tre; 1 m.Ure = 3.281 Engl, ft., 
or about 3 ft. 3V8 in.). Comp. p. xl. — Distances on highroads and 
railways are given in English miles; whilr those on bridle-paths 
an«l mountain-routes are expressed by the time wliich they usually 
take. The number of miles at the beginning of a paragraph denotes 
the distance from the starting-point, while the distances from place 
to place are generally stated within brackets; but on railway-routes 
the mileage is always reckoned from the starting-point. 

HoTKL.H. Besides the Hrst-class hotels, the Handbook mentions 
a number of the more modest inns also. The usual charges are 
staled in accordance with the Editor's own experience, or from the 
bills furnished to him by travellers. Motel-charges, like carriage- 
fares and fees to guides, generally have an upward tendency, but 
an approximate statement of these items will enable the traveller 
to form an estimate of his probable expenditure. The asterisks 
indicate thosi- hotels which the Eilitor has reason to believe to be 
provided with the comforts and conveniences expected in an up-to- 
date establishment, and also to be well managed and with a reason- 
able scale of charges. Houses of a more modest character, when 
good of their class, are described as 'good' or 'very fair'. At the 
same time he does not doubt that there are other equally deserv- 
ing houses among those not starred nor even mentioned. 

To hotel -keepers, tradesmen, and others the Editor begs to 
intimate that a character for faird»*aling towards travellers is the 
sole passport to his commendation, and that advertisements of 
every kind are strictly excluded fr<»m his Handbooks. Hotel- 
keepers are also warned against persons representing themselves 
as agents for Baedeker's Handbooks. 



I. Plan of Tour xii 

II. Travelling Expenses. Money xvii 

III. Passports. Custom House xviii 

IV. Hotels and Pensions xviii 

V. Climate of Switzerland. Health Resorts .... xx 

VI. Walking Tours. Maps xxvii 

VII. Motoring. Cycling. Golf. Winter Sports . . . xxx 

VIII. Guides xxxii 

IX. Carriages and Horses xxxiii 

X. Diligences. Post Office. Telegraph xxxiii 

XI. Railways xxxv 

XII. History and Constitution xxxvi 

XIII. Statistical Table xxxix 

XIV. Metrical Measures. Thermometer xl 

Itoute I' Northern S"witzerland. 

1. Bale 3 

2. From Bale to Neuchatel through the Val Moutier ... 12 

3. From Bale to Bienne via Olten and Soleure 18 

4. From Bale to Bern via Aarburg 24 

5. From Bale to Lucerne via Olten 26 

6. From Bale to Ztirich via Brugg 27 

7. From Olten to Zurich via Aarau and Turgi ..... 30 

8. From Bale to Schaffhausen and Constance 32 

9. The Falls of the Rhine 36 

10. From Friedrichshafen to Constance. Lake of Constance . 38 

11. From Schaffhausen via Etzwilen to Constance, Romans- 
horn, and Rorschach 41 

12. From Schaffhausen to Zurich 43 

13. Zurich and Environs 44 

14. From Zurich to Coire. Lakes of Zurich and Wallcnstadt 55 

15. From Zurich to Roinanshorn and Friedrichshafen ... 65 

16. From Zurich to St. Gallen, Rorschach, and Lindau . 67 

17. From Romanshorn to Rapperswil vifi St. Gallen and AVattwil 72 

18. From Wil through the Toggenburg to Buchs on the Rhine 74 

19. The Canton of Appenzell 76 

20. From Rorschach to Coirc 83 

21. Ilagatz and its Environs 86 

22. From Ziirich to Glarus and Linthal {)1 

23» From Linthal to Altdorf (Fliielen) viii the iClausen Pass. 

Schachcn-Tal 96 

24. From Schwyz to Glarus over the Prag(;l 98 

25. From Glarus to P:im through the Sernf-Tal 101 


n. Central Switaerland.'ljakb o?Lucerne and Environs. 

Route Tho St. Gotthard. Papo 

26. From ZOrich in Zuj; and Lnr»^ni«» 105 

27. Lncemr and Environs 108 

28. Lakr of I.nrrrnr 115 

29. The KiKi ^^-^ 

50. From Lucerne to Alpnachstad. Tilatus 180 

31. From Zu^ and Lncerne to Arth-(foMaii 134 

32. Fn)rn Zrtrirh viA Wjld.'nswil to Art}i-(iol(ljiu. Kiiisiodeln 13() 

33. From Lurmie to Hrllinzona. St. (iotthiird Kail way . . 130 

34. From (Jftschenen to Air<»lo nver th«» St. Gotthard . . . 149 

35. The Ma.leraner-Tal 155 

36. From (J(isrhen»-n to th« Khuno (ilacnr. The Furka . . 157 

37. From LuriTne to Knjjtlber^ 1()0 

38. From Lucerne over the Hriini;^ to Moiringen and Bri<'nz 165 

39. From Meiringen to En^elberg. Engstlcn-Al]). Jooh Pass 169 

40. From Meiringen to Wassen. Suston Pass 172 

41. From Lucerne to liern. Entlebucli. Enimen-Tal . 174 

42. From Lucerne to ^S'ildt>g<: ^VarauV The Seetal Railway 177 

m. The Bernese Oberland. 

43. Hern and Envinms 180 

44. From Bern to Thun 189 

45. From Thun to Interlaken. Lake of Thuii 193 

46. Interlaken and Environs 199 

47. The Lauterbrunnen Valley and Miirren 206 

48. Fn»m Interlaken to Grindelwald 214 

49. The Faulhorn 223 

.'iO. From Meirinrren to Tnterlakrn. Lakr ot Hrienz . 225 

51. From Meiringrn to (Jrindolwald by the (ireat Scheidegir 229 

52. From Meiringen to the Rhone Glacier. Grimsel . 231 

53. From Spiez to Leuk over the Gemmi 236 

.'>4. Fn)ni Gampel to Kandersteg. LOtschen Pass .... 243 

55. From Erutigen to .\delboden 245 

56. From (Interlaken) Spiez to Montrcux. Simmen-Tal . . 248 

57. From Zweisimmen to Sion over the Rawyl 252 

IV. Western Switzerland. Lake of Geneva. 

Lower Valley of the Rhone. 

.'),S. Kroni iJ.rn to Neuchatel 256 

59. From N»nchfttel to La rhaiix-dr-Eonds and Lc I/ocle 260 

60. From NeuchAtel to Pontarlier thronjrh thr Val dc Travers 263 

61. From Nenrhfttel to Lausannr . . ^65 

62. From Hern to Lausannr . . 268 

63. From Komont to Hiiile and Chaleau-d'Oex 273 

64. From Lausanne to Paverne and Lvhb 276 


Route Page 

65. From Lausanne to Vallorbe and Pontarlier .... 277 

66. Geneva and Environs 279 

67. From Geneva to Yillenenve via Lausanne. Lake of Geneva 
(North Bank) 294 

68. From Lausanne to Martigny 313 

69. From Gstaad to Aigle over the Col de Pillon . . . . 318 

70. From Bex to Gryon and Villars 320 

71. From Geneva to St. Maurice via Bouveret. Lake of Geneva 
(South Bank) 322 

72. From Aigle to Champery. Yal d'llliez 326 

V. Chamonix, the Valais, and the adjacent Italian Alps. 

73. From Geneva to Chamonix 332 

74. From Martigny to Chamonix via Salvan 338 

75. From Martigny to Chamonix over the Tete-Noire . . 342 

76. Chamonix and Environs 344 

77. From Chamonix to Courmayeur. Tour du Mont-Blanc . 358 

78. From Courmayeur to Aosta and Ivrea 362 

79. From Martigny to Aosta. Great St, Bernard. . . . 368 

80. From Martigny to Aosta through the Yal de Bagnes . 375 

81. From St. Maurice to Domodossola. Simplon Kailway . 378 

82. From Brigue to Iselle over the Simplon Pass . . . 385 

83. From the Rhone Glacier to Brigue. The Eggishorn . 388 

84. From Ulrichen to Domodossola. Yal Formazza . . . 393 

85. The Southern Yalleys of theYalais, between Sion and Turt- 
mann (Yal d'Herens, Yal d'Anniviers, Turtmann Yalley) 396 

86. From Yisp to Zermatt 409 

87. From Yisp to Saas and Mattmark 421 

88. From Piedimulera to Macugnaga, and over the Monte 
Moro Pass to Mattmark 425 

89. From Macugnaga to Zermatt round Monte Rosa . . . 427 

90. From Chatillon to Yaltournanche and Zermatt . . . 432 

VI. South-Eastern Switzerland. The Grisons. 

91. Coire 438 

92. From Coire to Arosa through the Schaniigg-Tal . . 441 

93. From Landquart to Schuls over the Flticla Pass . . 445 

94. Davos and Environs. From Davos to Filisur . 449 

95. From Coire to Tiefenkastel via Churwaldon .... 453 

96. From Coire to Thusis 456 

97. From Coire to Goschenen over the Oberalp .... 459 

98. From Discntis to Biasca. Lukmanier 4()8 

99. From Thusis to Chiavenna (Colico) over the Sj)lugen . 470 

100. From Spliigen to Hellinzona. San Bernardino . 475 

101. From Tiefenkastel to Silvaplana over the Julicr 478 

102. From Coin' to St. Moritz. Albula Railway . .180 


Rout«» J'ap:e 

108. ^' \T.., itr ami thr rpptT Kngadim- as far as the Maloja 485 

104. I ami Knvir(»ii8 495 

105. From St. Moritz to Tirano. Hernina Railway 502 
10f>. From Samaiien to Xaud.Ts and Lamlrck. Lower Kiigadine 506 

107. From thr Kn^adine to Mrran over the Stelvio Pass . 515 

108. From Pontr»\sina to Colieo viA Tirano 520 

109. From the Maloja to Chiavenna. Val Hreojaglia . . . 522 

Vn. The Italian Lakes. 

110. From Belli nzona to Lugano and Conio (Mihiii) . . . 525 

111. From Bellinzona to Loearno. Val Maggia .... 533 

112. Lago M - re 537 

113. From 1 lossola to Arona (Milan) or to Novara . . 545 

114. From Laino on Lago Maggiore to Menaggio on the Lake 

of Como. Lake of Lugano 549 

115. From rhiavenna to Oolico. Lake of T'oino .... 553 
11»V From Tonio -n MilMii 559 

Ind?x 5<)3 

List of Maps. 

(Otmp. Key Map <iftrr the Index.) 

1. .Mai- or Swit/ehi.and (1 : 1,000,00<»), before the title-])cige. 

t. Thk Nokth-Kamtkks Jika (1:150,000); p. 14. 

3. Khvirons or SiHArKHAtSEN (1:3.S,000); p. 37. 

4. ExviKONH or CosHTASc'E (1:150,000); p. 39. 

5. L\KE OK CosHTANCK (1:2.50,000); p. 40. 

6. KstviKONs OK Zi KM II (1:70,000); p. 51. 

7. Lakkm or Zi'RMii Aso Zro (1 : 250,000); p. 56. 

8. Canto.h or Appenzki.i, (1:250,000); p. 76. 

9. Knvikomm or Ht. ( and \vvk-s'af.\.\. (1:150,000); p. 78. 

10. KxviRosTH or THE Sentis, TootiKNUfRu, i:to. (1:150,000); p. HO. 

11. K!<viK05H or RA<iAT'/ (1:150,000); p. 8r.. 

12. KsviKoxH or (h.ARiM (1:150.000); p. l»o. 
l.S. TOoi District (1:1.50,000); p. 94. 

14. MiOTATAi,, Traoei,, Srm.TAi- (1 : 1.50,()(M)); p. 99. 

15. Lake or Literse (1:1SO.OOO); p. 114. 
IB. The Ki<»i (1 : 1(X),000) ; P. 124. 

17. RsfviRONri or the 8t. Ootthard (1 : 250,000); p. 142. 

18. SiMRAi. TiTHMKi/t or THE St. Uotthahi> Kaii-way (1 : 25,000) ; p. 144. 

19. Trift Dihtrk't (1:1.50,000); p. 1.50. 

20. KsviRON.s OK KstiEi.HEKu ( 1 : 1 50,()(K)) ; p. 160. 

21. Knviroxs ok Bern (1:7o,^MX)); p. 188. 

22. Knvironm or Thuk (1:26,000); p. 190. 
2.S. Ber.nesk Oheki.ano (1:250,000;; n. 190. 
24. Lake or 'Vnv» aso the Lower Vai.i.k 


(1: 150,000); p. 191. 

25. Environs of Interi.akkn (1:26,000); p. 200. 

26. Knviros.s or (1:1.50,000); p. 200. 

27. Upper Laiterhrcsnen Vam.ey (1:1.50,00')); p. 20H. 

28. Environs of Kani>ermte<» (1:1.50,000); p. 2.'^8. 

29. The North-Wkstern Jtra (1:1.50,000); p. 260. 
.30. The Central .Jura (1 :150,0fK)); p. 262. 

31. Environs or Frihouro (1:27,500); p. 268. 

82. The Northern Pays he Vaud (1:150,000); p. 272. 


33. The Valley of the Sarine and the Upper Valley of the Simme 
(1 : 150,000) ; p. 274. 

34. The Western Jura (1:150,000); p. 278. 

35. Environs of Geneva (1:150,000); p. 291. 

36. Lake of Geneva (1 : 250,000) ; p. 296. 

37. Environs of Montreux (1:50,000); p. 306. 

38. Ormont Valleys (1 : 150,000) ; p. 314. 

39. Val d'Illiez and Dent du Midi (1 : 150,000) ; p. 326. 

40. Central Savoy (1 : 250,000) ; p. 332. 

41. Chamonix and Mont Blanc (1 : 150,000) ; p. 344. 

42. Environs of the Great St. Bernard (1 : 150,000) ; p. 370. 

43. The Southern Environs of Sion (1 : 150,000) ; p. 378. 

44. Environs of the Simplon and Val Antigokio (1 : 150,000) ; p. 384. 

45. Aletsch District (1 : 150,000) ; p. 390. 

46. Environs of the Gries Pass, and the N.W. Ticino Alps (1 : 150,000) ; 
p. 394. 

47. Environs of Arolla (1 : 150,000) ; p. 400. 

48. Environs of Sierre and Val d'Anniviers (1 : 150,000) ; p. 404. 

49. Environs of Stalden and Saas (1:150,000); p. 408. 

50. Environs of Zermatt (1 : 150,000) ; p. 410. 

51. Upper Saas Valley, Val d'Antrona, and Val d' Anzasca (1 : 150,000) ; 
p. 422. 

52. Central Grisons Alps, from Coire to Samaden (1 : 250,000) ; p. 436. 

53. Environs of Coire, Schanfigg, and Arosa (1 : 150,000) ; 'p. 440. 

54. The Pratigau and Montafon (1 : 250,000) ; p. 444. 

55. The Silvretta Group (1:150,000); p. 446. 

56. Environs of Ilanz and Flims (1 : 150,000) ; p. 458. 

57. The Lugnetz-Tal and its Lateral Valleys (1 : 150,000) ; p. 462. 

58. Val Tavetsch and Val Medel (1 : 150,000) ; p. 464. 

59. District from the Lukmanier to the Maloja (1 : 250,000) ; p. 470. 

60. Valle Leventina, Val Blenio, and Rheinwald Mountains (1 : 150,000) ; 
. p. 476. 

61. Environs of the Splugen (1:150,000); p. 472. 

62. Environs of Thusis and Tiefenkastel (1 : 150,000) ; p. 480. 

63. The Upper Engadine (1 : 150,000) ; p. 484. 

64. Environs of St. Moritz and Pontresina (1 : 50,000) ; p. 486. 

65. The Lower Engadine (1 : 250,000) ; p. 506. 

66. The Engadine and Val Tellina (1:500,000); p. 518. 

67. Northern Val Tellina Alps (1:150,000); p. 520. 

68. Environs of Lugano (1 : 150,000) ; p. 528. 

69. Environs of Locarno (1:150,000); p. 534. 

70. Lago Maggiore (1:250,000); p. 542. 

71. Environs of Pallanza (1:65,000); p. 542. 

72. Environs of Stresa (1 : 65,000) ; p. 543. 

73. Lakes of Como and Lu(;ano (1:250,000); p. 552. 

74. Environs of Como (1:28,000); p. 558. 

75. Key Map of Switzerland (1 : 1,900,000), after the Index 

Plans of Tow^ns. 

Panoramas and Vie^vs. 
Bern (p. 181); Eogirhobn (p. 390); Faulhorn (p. 223); Vi.toPiHF, (p. .{51) 
Monte Gknkhoho (p. 533); Gorner Grat (p. 413); Piz Languard (p. 500) 
M(muEN (p. 211); NkuciiAtkl (p. 258); Nikskn (p. 191); I'ilatiih (p. 132) 

RIGI-KULM (p. 128). 

I. Plan of Tour. 

Season. I'he ^rcal majority of tourists visit Switzerland be- 
tween the middle of July and tht' «Mid of September; but to those 
who wish to see the scenery, the vegetation, and particularly the 
Alpine Howers in perfection, June is recommended as the most 
charming month in the year. For expeditions among the hi<^her 
Alps the month of August is the best season; but above a heiglit of 
6500 ft. snow-storms may occur at any time except in thoroughly 
settled weather. In ordinary seasons the snow disappears from the 
Rigi and the more fre(|uented routes through the Bernese Oberland 
before the middle "f May. On the other hand snow sometimes lies 
throughout the whole season on the Furka, the Grimsel, the Gemmi, 
etc. The most loftily situated hotels are generally closed till the 
end of June. 

Switzprlarul han lonp been popular as a winter-residence for invalitlH 
hut of ret'ent years it lias become also a favourite rcsoit 
-March) for pirasurr-sefkers attracted })y the bri^'ht and 
ind by the various winter-sports (p. xxxi). Many mountain- 

1.-1 .., .: ..lion to the recognized health-resorts, are now open all the 

year round (coinp. p. xxvi). 

Distribution of Time. Onk Month, as the annexed plan 
show.s, surtiers for a glimpse at the most interesting parts of Switzer- 
land. Half, where th»' scenery is least interesting, is a good starting- 
point, but the traveller may find it more convenient to begin with 
(leneva or NeuchAtel. 

By railway from B(Ue to Seuhnuffen; visit the Falls of the Rhine; 

by railway to Zurich (KR. 1, 8, 9, 12) 1 

Zurich and 'the fetlihrry (R. 13) 1 

From Ziirich by railwav viA Zut, and Arth-Guldau to the Rigi-Kulni 

(RR lV,. .si, 2«) -] 

From tho Rijfi by railwav to ViUtwu; by Hteainboat to Lnce^-ne, and 

one day at Lucerne (ftR. 29, 28, 27) li/.^ 

Bv Htfamer on the Ixike of iMCei^ne to Bnmnen; visit the Rutli^ 

A ' /', etc. (R. 28) 1 

By from Hrunnen to Fliieli-n (or by steamer to the Tellfi- 

1' ■•' on foot by the Axenstrasse to Fliiclon); by the 

S? I iilwav to (tiif<cher>rn ; bv omnibus or on foot to 

Andrr/natt (RK. 29, '.*^.S, :M) 1 

By carria^o or on foot over the Furka to tho Rhimt- (Uacier (R. liO) ; 

walk over the (irimftel to the iirimmi llttHpice (R 52) . . . . 1-2 
Drive or walk down the IloHli-Tal (Handeg^ Fall) to Meirivgen 

(RR. .^2. 50) 1 

Walk from Meirinj^en (Falls of the Reichenbach) throu^'h the lU^rnrftc 

Ohfrhnul, by the (irrni Hchtiilegg^ to (iriiulHirnOI with ascent 

of the Fmilhorn (RR. .M, 19) 1-2 

By railway from Grindelwald over the Little Scheidfuy CKiger 

OlfLCifT, I^uherhom) to Jxiuterhruimen (8tanbl)ach ; R. 47) and 

Miirrm (R. 47) 1 

I. PLAN OF TOUR. xiii 


Walk via the Obere Steinberg to Tracks ellauenen and back to 

Lauterbrunnen ; by railway to Interldken (R. 47) 1 

Excursions from Interlaken {Beatenberg, Schynige Platte, Brieuzer 

Rothorn, etc. ; RR. 46, 45, 50) 2 

By railway or steamer to Spiez ; railway to Frutigen; drive or walk 

to Kandersteg (R. 53) 1 

(Excursions from Kandersteg to the Oeschinen-See, Gastei-n-Tal, etc.). (1) 
Walk from Kandersteg over the Gemmi to Bad Leuk (with visit to 
the Torrenthorn) ; walk or drive to Leuk station (R. 53) ; by rail- 
way to Visp (R. 81) and Zermatt (R. 86) 2 

Excursions from Zermatt {Gorner G^at, Schwarzsee, etc. ; R. 86) . 2 
Railway to Visp (R. 86), Martigny (R. 81), and Chamonix (R. 74) I-IV2 

Chamoiiix (R. 76) 1-2 

By railway to Geneva (R. 73) 1/2 

G-eneva and Environs (R. 66) 1 

By steamboat on the Lake of Geneva (R. 67) to Montr eux {Chillon, 

Glion, etc.) 1-2 

By railway to Lausanne; several hours at Lausanne; by railway 

in the afternoon to Fribourg (RR. 67, 62) 1 

By railway to Bern (R. 62); at Bern (R. 43) 1 

By railway to Bale (R. 4); at Bale (R. 1) 1 

An additional fortnight may be pleasantly spent in Easterfi 

Switzerland, whence the Italian Lakes are easily visited. 

From Rorschach or Zurich to Pfdfers and Coire (RR. 14, 20, 21) . l' 
Railway to Thusis (R. 96); visit the Via Mala as far as the third 

bridge (p. 470) ; Albula Railway to St. Moritz (R. 102) .... 2 
Drive to the Maloja and back (R. 103); in the evening to Pont- 

resina (R. 103) 1 

Pontresina {Morieratsch and Roseg Glaciers; ascent of the Piz 

Languard, etc. ; R. 104) 2-3 

Diligence over the Bernina to Tirano; railway y/ik Sondrio to Co- 

lico (R. 108) ; steamer to Bellagio (R. 115) li/a 

Bellagio {Villa Carlotta, etc.); then via Menaggio and Porlezza to 

Lugano (RR. 115, 114) 1 

Environs of Lugano {Mte. San Salvatore or Mte. Generoso; R. 110) l-lV-2 
Steamboat to Ponte Tresa, railway to Luino (R. 114) ; steamei- to 

the Borromcan Islands and to Pallanza or Stresa (R. 112) . . 1 
Steamboat to Laveno, and back bv the St. Gotthard Railwav to 

T/ucerne (RR. 112, 33) .... ' \ . 1 

Or by the Simplon Railway to Lausanne (RR. 113, 81) . . . . 1 

So coniprehensive a tour as the above is, of course, rarely under- 
taken ; but it will enable the traveller to plan an excursion of suit- 
abb; length, such as one of the following: — 

I. Eight Days from Bale. 
(Rigi, Bernese Oberlandj Rhone Glacier^ St. Gotthard Route.) 

Ist. From Bale (or Constance or Roinanshorn) to Zurich. 

2nd. To Zug, Arth, the Rigi, and f/ucerne. 

3rd. By tlie Briinig Railvxiy to Meiringen {Gorge of the Aare; Pi- 
latuH or Brienzer Rothorn '/a-1 <iay extra) and Brienz; by steamboat to 
the Giessbach and Interlaken. 

4th. Railway to Lauterbrunnen, Miirren, and over the Wenyern Alp 
to Grindelvxtid (better i»artly on foot, taking anothfr d;iy). 

5th. Over the Great Scheidegg to hinrrtkirchrti. 

6th, Over the Grimnel to the Rhone Glacier. 


llh. by t ' 1 UOschetmn. 

nth. To / 


(Riffi, Berttftf Oberlami, Zennatt^ Qemmi.) 

Ut-6th. Ah in Tour I. 

7tb. Drive to FieMCh; walk or rido to tho flotei Jiingfrau : ascond 
the KfMighorn, 

8lh. \V»lk xik the Rieder Alp to /if/ Alp; deaceiid to Brigne. 

Wh. By railway to Visp and Ztrmatt. 

10th. ■ from Ztmuttt [(forner Grat, etc.). 

11th. .> r^p ;ind Loh^hi : walk or drive to Bcui Ixnk. 

Kth. 0\ f r the OV//» mi to Kamierstey ; drive to Frutigen ; train to S^r/?. 

111. KuiHTKKN Days from Balk. 
[iitgi, litri'tat Obtrlami, Zerinatt, Chavwnix, Lake of Geneva.) 

Ut-luth. Ah in Tour II. 

11th. By train to Visp and Martiytn/. 

l«th. \\\ Salvan or the Tt^U-Xoire to Chavwnix, 

ISth, 14th. Kxcursiona from Chamonix. 

15th. By train o Vernaijtiz and Movtreux. 

16th, 17th. To Ulion (Sayc), Vtvey, Lausanne, and Geneva. 

18th. To Friboury, Bern, and Bdle (or from Bern to Neuchdtei). 

IV. KioHTEES TO Twenty Days from Bale. 
(Rigi, Bfrncse Obtrland, Southern Valais, Chamonix.) 

iHt-Uth. An in Tour II. 

10th. AH«'ond the Garner Grat and return to St. Niklauti. 

nth. CroHH Ihfi Augstbord Pai<8 (ascent of Schtcarzhorn) to Gruben. 

l]!th. i'roM the Meiden Pass (ascent of Bella Tola) to St. Luc and 

ISth. To Zinal and hack. 

14th. Cross the dd dc Torrent to Evolena. 

10th, It'.th. At F.r'lena (Arolla and Ferphcle), and return to Sio)i. 

17th. IMih. 1 Geintni to Kanderstey and Thun (or by rail- 

way to Ixiuaann*!, i /r(/, and Bern). 

(Or: l^th. Vtodx K cole nu to Si on AuA Marti yng. 17th-20th. 'Vo Cha- 
monix^ Oeneva, etc., an in Tour III.) 

V. Seven Daym from Balk. 
(Berntse Oberland, Riyi, S'.. Gotthard Railirai/y Italian Lakea.) 

1st. From Dale to Bern and Interlakeii. 

2nd. To fxiuterbrunnen, MUrren, and over the Wengern Alp to 

8rd. Over the Grt-af Sc' ' ingoi. 

4th. Over the Briinig to . i . .ent oi IHlatus) and Lucerne. 

5th. By the 67. Gotthard Railway to iMveno; steamboat to Stresa 
{Bt)rroinetin Itdaiuis). 

6th. By Luino and Lugano to Bellagio. 

7th. Steamer to Coma; St. Gotthard Railway to Lucerne, etc. 

VI. Kkjht or Tes Dayh from BAi tc. 
(Riyi, lAikr of Lucei^ne, St. Gotthard, Italian Lakes, Spliigm.) 

Ist. From /i^J/^ to jMCerne, and by railway to the Rigi-Kulm. 
2nd. Detwrend • fiu ; Ht*'a.n\cT to Iinninen( Axennfein, Iliifli, c^ic). 

(One or two a 1 dayn: visit tin* .Madn-aner-Tal from Aiiinteg, 

and return by the Stoftln. By train or carriage to Gonclienen.) 
.3rd. By the St. Gotthard Line to Locarno. 
4th. To the B(/rrooiean Islandti, Luino, and Lugano. 


5th. By ComOj or by Porlezza, to Bellagio. 

6th. Walks at Bellagio; steamer to Colico; drive to Chiavenna. 

7th. Cross the Spliigen to Coire. 

8th. To Zurich and Neuchdtel (or to the Falls of the Rhine and Bale), 

VII. Twelve to Fourteen Days prom Bale. 
(Same as Tour VI, with the addition of the Upper Engadine.) 

l8t-5th. As in Tour VI. 

6th. To Chiavenna and through the Vol Btegaglia to Casaccia. 

7th, 8th. Cross the Maloja to St. Moritz. 

9th, 10th. Pontresirm and Environs. 

11th. Albula Railicay to Thusis and Coire. 

12th. To Ragatz (Pfafers) and Ziirich. 

VIII. Fourteen to Sixteen Days prom Bale. 
(Same as Tour VII, with the addition of the Val Tellina and 

Lower Engadine.) 

l8t-8th. As in Tour VII. 
9th. Cross the Bernina to Tirano. 
10th. Through the Val Tellina to Bormio. 

11th. Cross the Wormser Joch (Piz Umbrail) to St. Maria in the 
Miinster-Tal and the Ofen Pass to Zernetz. 
12th. Cross the Fluela Pass to Davos. 
13th. To Alvaneu-Bad and thence by rail to Thusis. 
14th, 16th. To Coire<f Ragatz^ and Ziirich. 

All the above tours are adapted for moderate walkers, and may 
of course be varied at pleasure. 

Lastly, to travellers who are disinclined for a prolonged tour, 
the following notes may be acceptable: — 

Famous Points of View. 

1. In the Jura (with the Alps in the distance, the lower Swiss 
hills in the foreground, and, from the westernmost points, the lakes of 
Bienne, Neuchatel, and Geneva): Hotel Schweizer ho f ("p. 3Q), by the Falls 
of the Rhine; Macoli^i (p. 16), near Bienne; the * Weissensteiji (p. 22), 
near Soleure; the Frohburg (p. 19), near Olten ; the Schafinatt (p. 19), 
near Aarau ; the Chasseral (p. 17), the Chaumont (p. 260), the Tablettes 
(p. 260), the Tete de Rang (p. 261), and the Creiix du Van (p. 264), in 
(Jan ton Neuchaitel; the "^Signal de Chexbres (p. 272), the *Signal de Bougy 
(p. 298), the Dole (p. 297), the Chasseron (p. 267), the Mont Suchet (p. 267), 
the Dent de Vaulion (p. 278), and the Mont Tendre (p. 278), in the Can- 
ton de Vaud. 

2. Nearer the Alps, or among the Lower Alps: 

(a). On the N. side of the Alps: the Kaien (p. 78), Uohe Kasten 
(p. 80), and Sentis (p. 81), in Canton Appenzell ; the JJetliberg (p. 54), 
the Pfannenstiel (p. 62), and the Bachtel (p. 64), near ZUrich; the Speer 
(p. 58), near Weesen ; the Frolichsegg (p. 70), near St. Gallen; the Alvier 
(p. 61), near Sargans; the Udrnli and Nollen (p. 67), near Wil ; the Zuger- 
berg (p. 104); the Sonrumberg (p. 114), the *Rigi (p. 124), *Pilatus (p. 132), 
*Stanser Horn (p. 160), Mythen (p. 141), Niederbauen (j). 118), ama Fro n- 
alpstock (p. 121), near the Lake of Lucerne; the Titlis (p. 164), near 
Engelberg; the Napf {^. 176), in the Emmen-Tal; the Homberg (p. 178), 
in the Seetal; the Schclnzli (p. 188) and the Gurten (p. 188), near Bern; 
the MoUnon (p. 273) and Jamaii (p. 274), in Canton Fribourg; the Saleve 
iji. 293), the Voiroiis (p. 294), and the Mdle (p. .S.36) , in Savoy, near 
Geneva; the Mont Pelerin (p. 306), near Vevey ; the ^Rochirs de Naye 
(p. 310), near Glion; the Chamossaire (p. 322), near Villars; the Grannimnt 
(p. 325), near St. Gingolpb. 

\vi 1. PLAN OK TOUR. 

(b). On the 8. aide of the AIpn: Montt Gfiwroso (p. 633), Monte San 
Salvattrr- D sr^eK and yfout> Hrf j>. ;»;iO) , near the Lake of Lugano; 

J/ \tu1u (p. 510), and Monte Zeda (j). 542), 

oil ' .Sw,. Primo (p. 55G), near the Lake of Como ; 

tl: i), near Ao»ta; the Vraminont (p. 862), near Prc- 


8. V \\x" Hicrh Alps: Siesen (p. lt»5), Amisbuhel (p. 198), /f<///<- 

tcrMfimh • ; »), Abtndbtrg (p. 202), ^Schyniije riattc 

(p. ?rn .}i„;rt'/< (p. 209), Schilthorn (p. 210), Upper 

St' irrn Alp (p. 21»;), *lAiubcrhorn (p. 217), Miinu- 

It, - , r II ■ fp. 223), *lint'nztr Rothorn (p. 227), *Klrinr 

.S'c '. «34), / (p. 2J1), Mtinnlifluh (p. 248), and WUdhorn 

(p. 2. rland ; the *ri::::o Ontrale (p. 152), on tlie 

St. Ci' /< ip. 15i»), *Eyyishorn (p. 390), Sparrhorn 

(p. 8W;, r« ^i. 242), PUrre a Voir (p. 317), *Gorni'r Urat 

(p. 411), '^ r/i (p. 40H), ♦fi'//a 'i'ofa (p. 407), and Pic d'Arziitol 

(p. SW), in the Valais; the Cul de Babne (p. 343), *FUgere (p. 351), 

•/^— •'•' •• "-" and ^liuti (p. 3^10), near Chamonix; ^Muottas Muraigl 

(i. rrg Cp. 49H), *i^/c Lainfuard (p. 500), P?c 0< (p. 485), 

/■/ UM), Stdtzrrhorn (p. 454), Piz Miindnun (p. 461), 

at. . , in the (iris(Hi8. 

ii I iuarters for Mountaineering. 
The moat important are (irindeluald (p. 218), Lender b?^unncK (p. 207), 

M' '-'f>), Engdberg (p. 162), Maderantr-Tal (p. 155), Kander- 

»t. na (p. .S98), Zimil (p. 404), Zermatt (p. 411), Sacis (p. 421), 

f/ . :ill), Chitrmuf/mr (p. 359), Macugnaga (p. 426), and Poid- 

n.' . ■ .). at all of whii-h experienced f^iiides abound. 

Engliiih Church. Services. 
Services are held during the season in almost all the more frequented 

ttUeea in '^' * rland by chai)lain8 appointed by one or other of two 
Cnglinh - : »*»r. the Colonial and Continental Church Society and 

the Society i tion of the Gospel. 

There ar^ hes at Aigle (p. 313), Arolla (p. 399), AroHU 

p. 143), l.ea Aruntu ip. .Hllj, Axfniftcin (p. 121), Buveno (p. 542), Beaten- 
hr-r.i n i:«T fihj/n u :;s->.. Oellagio (p. 555), Pern (p. 180), Bex (p. 314), 
O '. 310), Vhantonir (p. 344), Chanipery (p. 327), 

Cfiiif !■". , « /«'"/<i/<-//'Oc.r (p. 274), C'^r6'??« (p. 306), Davos-Platz 

fp. 4 1 "Ibfrg (p. 162), Finhaut (p. 339), Genc-va (p. 279), G/vo/^ 

^P. *' Intt'rl4iken (p. 199), Kanderstey (p. 238J, 

MWM'^ p. 211), Lucerne {]). 108), Lugano (p. 526), 

MaUija \\> •. J25j, MontreuT-Territet (p. 309), 67. Moritz 

(p. 4sr\ .»/ , - . achdttl (p. 257), Ntuhauaen (p. 36), Ormont- 

L . 318), PontTfmna (p. 495), Rugatz (p. 86), /e/ione Glacier (p. 388), 

A///- .i/i> (p. ill), Sa(ig Fee (p. 422), Hcuis-Grund (p. 421), Saniadcn 
(p. 4M), fifi>rrtr fp. 380). Tar(ut}> (p. 510), 7'/i«/i (p. 190), Fei'6// (p. 304), 
rt///i/ : ;^ 411), and Ziirirh (p. 44). 

A • le servifen are held in hotels or Swiss churches : 

>!'' U Stud (p. 132), A)nid€g (p. 143), Avdertnatt 

'p , . Arenfth (p. 121), i^Wew (p. 29), i*l/^ (p. 3), 

/**//</ 279), iifrixfU Cp. .SH5), 6'a7i Bernardino (p. 477), Bignanco 

(p. 5:i*.; . i,, *//» (p. 392j , liluint tiHtHn (p. 193), Bnenz (p. 227), Briynr 
(p. .VJ2), BrinHftgn (p. yAH), Jtriinig (p. 169), Bnmnen (p. 120), BiJryensf'oc/> 

(p. 130), r' ' ' ' fp. 297), /^ e/idfc/f (p. 375), Uhaniper 

(p. !W9^, f -r^jf (p. 272), C'oir<^ (p. 436), La (Joni- 

bn'' *«•>;, L'tth.o ' 'ince (p. 39), Corf)f'yrier (p. 314), 

O' ' '/r y. ;j.'>9), /' . , hironne (p. 297), Enystteii Al]f 

'p. 170), Kyyinhnrn (p. 3W0; , Evolrnn (p. .398), FfDd/tinee Bad (p. 196), 
FeUemyy p. Io^i>, Ferjtecle (p. 400), Fiontiay (p. 376), Fribourg (p. 268), 
Frutigen 'p. 2.H7), h^trka Pang (p. 158), Geraau (p. lift), Giexftbach (p. 228), 


Gimel (p. 298), Gimmelivald (p. 210), Gdsche?ien (p. 145), Grimentz (p. 403), 
Grimmi-Alp (p. 248), Gryon (p. 320), Gstaad (p. 251), Heiden (p. 77), 
Hospenthal (p. 152), Isenfluh (p. 20G), Kiental (p. 237), Kiissnacht (p. 135), 
Laiizo d'Intelvi (p. 551) , Lauterbi'unnen (p. 207) , Coi (Z?/ JLe^7^ (p. 317), 
Le?il" (p. 252), Lenzerheide (p. 455), Leysin (p. 313), Locarno (p. 534), 
/Si. l/wc (p. 406) , Macolin (p. 16) , Macugnaga (p. 426) , Maderan&r-Tal 
(p. 155), Les Marecottes (p. 339), Martig7iy (p. 317), Mayens de Sion (p. 397), 
Menaggio (p. 554), Montana (p. 380), Mont-Barry (p. 273), Monte Generoso 
(p. 533), Morgins (p. 326), aS^. Kiklaus (p. 410), Oberhofen (p. 194), PoZ- 
Za??^a (p. 541), il^foni Pderin (p. 306), Pilatus (p. 132), Piora (p. 146), 
Les Plans (p. 315) , Z/e Poni (p. 278) , Poschiavo (p. 505) , Promontogno 
(p. 523), Ra7ida (p. 410), Rheinfelden (p. 27), Rieder Alp (p. 391), i^tjfeZ- 
oier^ (p. 411) , Rigi-Kaltbad (p. 125) , Rigl-Scheidegg (p. 129), Rosenlaui 
(p. 230), Salvan (p. 338), Schinznach (p. 32), Schwarz-See (p. 416), Sedis- 
berg (p. 119), Le Sepey (p. 320), Sils-Maria (p. 491), Silvaplana (p. 490), 
iSio/i (p. 379), Sonyienbcrg (p. 114), /S'i)if2! (p. 195), Splugen (p. 473), Stachel- 
bcrg (p. 93), Steinberg Alp (p. 208), AS'i7-esa (p. 543), Thusis (p, 457), Torrent 
Alp (p. 242), TJetliberg (p. 54), Farese (p. 540), Vernaijaz (p. 317), Fi<2:- 
/««?/ (p. 117), 1^668671 (p. 57), Weggis (p. 116), Weissenstein (p. 22), TFeiss- 
/iorn ^oieZ (p. 404), TFeyi^/e/i (p. 215), Wengerri-Scheidegg (p. 217), Wiesen 
(p. 453), ZinaZ (p. 404), Zuger Berg (p. 104), and Zweisimmen (p. 250). 

Alpine Glow (Alpengliihen) is the name given to the rich glow 
seen on the snowy peaks and rocky summits of the Alps a few minutes 
after the setting sun has disappeared from view, while the valleys are 
already in twilight. 

II. Travelling Expenses. Money. 

Expenses. The cost of a tour in Switzerland depends of course 
upon the habits and tastes of the traveller. The pedestrian's daily 
expenditure, exclusive of guides, may be estimated at 12-15 fr., or 
even less, if he selects the more modest inns. The traveller, on the 
other hand, who prefers driving and riding to walking, who always 
goes to the best hotels, and never makes an ascent without a guide, 
must be prepared to spend at least twice the above sum ; while 
the mountaineer's expenses will often amount to several pounds for 
a single glacier-expedition (comp. p. 347). 

Money. The Swiss monetary system was assimilated to that 
of France in 1851. In gold there are coins of 20 fr., in silver of 
5, 2, 1, and ^/g fr., in nickel 20, 10, and 5 centimes (or 'Rappen'), 
and in copper 2 and 1 c. pieces. The only silver coins with legal 
currency are the Swiss, Italian, French, Belgian, and Greek 5 fr. 
pieces, the Swiss pieces of 2, 1, and ^2 ^^- issued since 1874 (with 
the standing figure of Helvetia), the French pieces of the same 
value issued since 1864-6(), and the Belgian coins of the same 
denomination with the [)ortrait of Leo[)old If. All others should be 
iv'fuHed. The Swiss Xatiotial Hank issues legal tender noi(^s of 50, 
100, 500, and 1000 fr. which are taken at their full vmIuc throughout 
the country. One franc = 100 c. = ^^j^d. Knglish sovereigns 
(25 fr.) and banknotes are received almost everywhere at the full 
value; but the circular notes, issued by many of the English and 

Hakdkkkk, Switzerland. 2'lth Edition. b 

Tvili IV HOTKLvS. 

AiihTiiaii Dunks, arc .sain kt rarryini,' largr snnis. The clitMiues 
issu.Ml by the chief Arnrrirun exprcys ronipani^'s and by the American 
Bankers AsMoeiation may also be rerominendod, G(^rnian gold and 
banknotes also realJK^ their full value ('20 marks = 24 fr. 50-60 c). 
— In Saroi/ .'('hamonix) Swiss money circulates freely, hut railway 
Hn.l .lill'/.-n.r tick. t«4 tiiimt he ])aid for in French money. 

III. Passports. Custom House. 

Passports. In Switzerland passports must be shown in order 
to obtain delivery of repstercd letters, and are sometimes of ser- 
vice in provinj^ the traveller's identity. For walking tours in the 
French an»l Italian fn»nti«'r-districts a passport is indispensable. 
\ pap^port is also necessary (even for minors) to obtain the 'permis 
de sejour', without which no foreigner is allowed to reside in a can- 
ton. Cyclists and motorists (comp. p. xxx) are advised to carry 

PtaiiportM may hv obtained direct from the Passport Department of the 
Forri^cn 0«^ce, London, S.W. (fee 2^.) or throuph any tourist-agent. Pass- 

fort« are not available beyond f^ve years from the date of issue. — In the 
'i ' ' itions for j>aHHports should he ninde to the Bureau 

of l)e|iartMU'nt, W.-isliinpton, D.C. 

Custom House. Luggage undergoes ;i slight examination at 
the Swiss frontier. The duty on cigars is 2 fr. and on tobacco 75 c. 
per kilogramme i*2\'^ lbs.), but 50 cigars or so and about '/g lb. 
of tobacco are usually passed free. At the French, Italian, and 
jkustrian frontiers the examination is sometimes strict and tobacco 
and cigars pay a heavy duty, but at the German frontier the visite is 
usually lenient. .As a rule the traveller should restrict his belongings 
as far as possible to wrarini; apparel aiu] articles for personal use. 

IV. Hotels and Pensions. 

Hotels. Switzerland is famous for its hotels. The large modern 
establishments at Geneva, Montreux, Yevey, Ziirich, Lucerne, 
Intcrlaken, etc., arc models of organization; the smaller hotels arc 
often equally well conducted, and indeed a rt^ally bad inn is rarely 
met with in French or German Switzerland. 

The ordinary charges at the first-class hotels are: bedroom, 
light, an<l attendance l\^ /,-') \'r.; breakfast (tea or coffee, bread, 
butter, and honey) Vl,(r. in the public room. 2 fr. in the trav- 
eller's apartment: luncheon (^dejeuner', ^Gabelfrtihstiick', also 
'lunch') 3-4 fr. ; table-d'hote dinner ('diner') 4-6 fr.; supper gener- 
ally A In carte The travelbr should at once ascertain at the office 
the charge for the rooms. Absence from table-d'hote is apt to be 
looked at askance. At the large hotels the best accommodation is 
generally reserved for families and parties, while the solitary trav- 
eller is consigned to the irif»rior rooms at equally high charges. 

IV. HOTELS. xix 

At the second-class inns the average charges are: bedroom 
11/2-2 fr., breakfast I-IV4 fr., table d'hote 2-3 fr., supper V/^-2 fr. 
In many of the more remote mountain-inns, however, the prices are 
higher owing to the difficulty and cost of the transport of supplies. 
The sensible traveller will easily make allowance for this; and he 
will generally find the entertainment remarkably good under the 
circumstances. Previous enquiry as to charges is quite customary. 
— Many hotels have a Gaststuhe on the ground-floor or in the 
basement in which similar viands and liquors are served as in the 
more pretentious Salle a Manger but at a considerably lower 

Opinions regarding hotels often differ; but travellers will rarely 
have much cause to complain if they try to comply with the cus- 
toms of the country, restrict their luggage to a moderate quantity 
(p. xxxv), and learn enough of the language to make themselves 
intelligible. — In the following pages, when not otherwise indicated, 
R. (room) is used to include light and attendance. Tension' gener- 
ally includes room, full board, service, and lights (but see p. xx). 

If a prolonged stay is made at a hotel the bill should be asked for 
every three or four days, in order that errors, whether accidental or de- 
signed, may more easily be detected. When an early departure is con- 
templated the bill should be obtained over-night. It sometimes happens 
that the bill is withheld till the last moment, when the hurry and con- 
fusion of starting render overcharges less liable to discovery. 

Gratuities. Some travellers tip too much and some too little. When 
attendance is charged in the bill nothing more need be given except to 
the boots and porter. In any case the amount of the fees should never 
exceed 5-10 per cent of the bill. When practicable, the bill should be 
settled at the cashier's office, not through a waiter. 

Hotel-keepers who wish to commend their houses to British and 
American travellers are reminded of the desirability of providing the bed- 
rooms with large basins, foot-baths, plenty of water, and an adequate 
supply of towels. Great care should be taken to ensure that the sanitary 
arrangements are in proper order, including a strong flush of water and 
proper toilette-paper; and no house that is deficient in this respect can 
rank as first-class or receive a star of commendation , whatever may bo 
its excellencies in other departments. 

For families it is always advisable to engage rooms beforehand. When 
a long stay is contemplated this should be done before leaving home, so 
that a choice may be made according to the answers received. The number 
of visitors at the height of the season is so great, however, that even then 
it is impossible to count on the good rooms that have been promised, as 
the lanulords often find it exceedingly difficult to evade the demands of 
guests already on the spot. In any case it is advisable to repeat the order 
by telegram, with prepaid reply (R.P.), a day or two before arrival. To 
simplify telegraphic orders for rooms the Hotelkeepers' Association agreed 
upon the following code in 1905: alba, one room one bed; alhaduo, one 
room with doulde bed; arab, one room two l)eds; abec, one room three 
heds; belab, two rooms two beds; birac, two rooms three beds; boiiad, 
two rooms four Ijeds; ciroc, three rooms three beds; carid, three rooms 
four beds; caUla^ three rooms five Ijeds ; caduf^ three rooms six beds; 
caaag y three rooms seven beds; danid, four rooms four beds; dalni(\ 
four rooms five beds; danof^ four rooms six bf'ds; dnlag , four rooms 
seven beds; dirich, four rooms eight beds; durbi^ four rooms nine beds; 



kind, ehUd'ftcot; sat, aittinfir-room ; bat, privato l.athiooin; serv, servaiifH 
room, Th#t <Uv mu\ hour of arrival must also he ^jiven (granmatin, bc- 
tv niKl 7 a.m.; nmtin, h^^twoeii 7 a.m. and noon; sera, hc- 

tsv : i).m.; tjritnsfra, ht'twtMMi 7 p.m. and niidnif^ht), and the 

ii .:th of aUyijMUfii, one ni^'ht ; s-top, 80V»'ral days). The tele- 

j;;_... ; |,e Ki^rnetl with the Christian name and snrnanie, address, 

and . n of the Mender. To cancel the order only the word cancel, 

and tht :i i;ii.» are nereMnary. 

Pensions, noanlin^-housrs or -ponsions' abound at Lucerne, 
Geneva, Intrrlakeii, and in many other parts of Switzerland; and 
mo8t of the hotels also make pension arrangements with guests who 
stay for !-'> days and upwards. The charge for hoard and lodging 
varies from 4 lo 10 fr. or more, and at some of the most famous 
health-resorts and watering-places sometimes amounts to 20 fr. 
|M»r day. As the word 'pension' is sometimes used to signify board 
only, the traveller should ascertain whether rooms are included in 
the charge or not. It is always advantageous, when possible, to 
make arrangements for 'pension' in advance by writing to the land- 
lord on a *reply post-card'. 

V. Climate of Switzerland. Health Resorts. 

In a mountainous country such as Switzerland the influence of 
height upon climate may naturally be studied in almost every cou- 
I'eivable gradation. Valuable conclusions have been reached by the 
meteorological observatories devoted to the investigation of elevated 
climates, not only on the higher Alps but also in the Jura and 
among the lower mountains. 

The Puri/tj (tf the Atmosphere stands in direct ratio to the 
height above the sea-level. Apart from accidental interruptions, 
caused by the presence of manufactories or similar sources of 
atmospheric impurity, the number of bact<'ria steadily diminishes 
as we asrend, until at about 5900' above the sea-level they e^itirely 
disappear. Thus the mountain-air, free from substances producing 
fermentation or putrefaction, is beyond doubt antiseptic in its effects. 

The Wnruith of the atmosphere is in inverse ratio to the height. 
.Among the Alps the average fall in temperature is on the N. side 
about CQ** Fahr., and on the S. side about 1.2° Fahr., for every 
330' of ascent. The mean temperature of the three months of sum- 
mer is (\1 A° V. in Vienna, 65.3" in Merlin, and 64.6° in Dresden; 
among the Alps it is, e.q., onlv 57.4° at Gais, 57° at St. Heatenberg, 
56.8° atChurwalden, 5*6.5° at'Kngelberg. 50.9° at Sils-Maria, 50.2" 
at Arosa, and 48.2° on th»' Rigi-Kulm 

The Derrense of Attnnspht'Hr Pre»,'i/nr jim we ascend is import- 
ant. The barometer, indicating a pressure of 30 in. at ihc sea- 
level, falls to 28 in. at 1640', to 26V2 in. at 3280', and to 243/4 in. 
at 4920'. Anyone who mounts rapidly from the valleys by a 
mountain-railway {e.g. to the Kigi or to Oavos) will be conscious 

V. CLIMATE. xxi 

of a distinct diminution of pressure. At the same time the greater 
intensity of the sun's rays is immedfately felt on the higher levels, 
where 'sunburning' takes place much more rapidly than in the 
warmer valleys. 

The Moisture in the air is by no means constant at high levels, 
but evaporation is much more copious than in the plains. This is 
especially obvious in the Grisons; fresh meat exposed to the dry, 
pure, cold air of that region dries up without putrefying. 

The crest of the Alps acts as a huge dividing -wall between the 
Polar and the Equatorial Winds, the latter of which frequently 
deposit their moisture in the form of rainfall on the S. side of the 
mountain-range. The best-known wind is the Fohn, a warm S. 
wind that blows with great impetuosity in E. Switzerland and the 
upper valleys of the Rhine, Linth, Reuss, and Rhone, and is fre- 
quently followed by sudden and heavy rain. On its approach the 
atmosphere appears thick and the mountains are enveloped in haze, 
though sometimes, on the contrary, they stand out with unusual 
distinctness. The barometer rapidly falls, while the thermometer 
rises; man and beast feel languid; and finally a storm bursts that 
is sometimes not without danger to the incautious. The Fohn is 
reckoned to blow for 17 days in spring, 5 days in summer, and 
16 days in autumn. The cold N. wind, known as the Bise, which 
blows in the direction of Geneva, between the Bernese Oberland 
and the Jura, is little noticeable in summer. Mention must be 
made of the numerous local winds that prevail at the higher levels 
and are of importance to invalids; e.g. the uniform morning-wind, 
blowing down-hill, in regular alternation with the evening-wind, 
blowing up-hill. 

The higher inhabited regions of Switzerland may be divided 
into three zones. The lowest of these, the Hill Region, between 
1300' and 2600' above the sea-level, embraces the banks of the 
lakes in N.E. and Central Switzerland and the adjacent mountain- 
slopes, on which the walnut-tree and chestnut flourish in full 
luxuriance. At the height of summer this region is often too hot, 
but a pleasant refreshment is afforded by the lake-baths. The 
warmest of the lakes is the Lake of Constance (68-75° Fahr.). The 
second, or Mountain Region, extends from 2600' to 3900'. Within 
its limits are numerous towns and villages, while deciduous and 
coniferous trees flourish. Within the third, or Alpine Region 
(3900' to 6550'), only coniferous trees are found, and these but to 
a limited extent. The mountain-climate, with its characteristically 
cold and rarified atniosphere, reigns supreme. Numerous admii'able 
resorts, rendered accessible {\\i\n for the weak and delicate by 
means of mountain railways and diligences, are to be found on the 
mountains and in the elevated valleys of this region. 

The most important climatic consideration in judging of a health- 

xxii V CLIMATK. 

resori is its Ihiifht above the sea-level, though oocaaionally other 
factors (UMiuiini attention. Part of S. Switzerlami, more especially 
the N. hanks of the lakes of (ieneva and Lugano, has a warm, N. 
Italian elimate, in consequence of its admirable protection from the 
\. wind, its low elevation above the sea-level, and the exposure 
to an unusually powerful ^un: so that the pleasantest seasons lor a 
visit are spring ami autumn, when the whey-cure and grape-cure 
are in full swing. In summer, visitors in search of health are glad 
to retreat to a station one stage higher. 

In comparison with the adjacent countries, Switzerland possesses 
few forests; and the Swiss forests have little eti'tct in increasing the 
atmospheric moisture or in moderating the extremes of tempei*- 
ature. In these respects the large expanses of water in N. and Cen- 
tral Switz»riand are of more importance. The Canton of Appenzell, 
the (»riginal hom» of the whey-cure, occupies a somewhat peculiar 
position; for its extensive grassy slopes and pastures operate very 
much as forests do elsewhere, ;md produce a n)oist and warm 
climate in summer. 

Among the invalids who derive advantage from frequenting the 
elevated health-resorts of Switzerland, those subject to Pulmonary 
and Nenmui< Ailments are by far the most numerous. For pul- 
monary and rheumatic patients and for all unable to stand strong 
currents of air, protection from the wind is essential; and that, 
though frequently found in Alpine valleys, is scarcely to be looked 
for on isolated mountains. The shores of the Lake of Geneva or the 
health-resorts in Appenzell are recommended to sufferers from dry 
catarrh. In cases in which inflammatory conditions of the respirat- 
ory organs are accompanied by continued night-sweats, the patients, 
if free of fever, will find it advantageous to ascend to higher levels 
where the evaporating power of the dry climate encourages the ab- 
sorption of the cutaneous excretions. Invalids suffering from chronic 
catarrh accompanied by JOnphysema must not ho rash, but must 
content themselves with heights averaging from 2600' to 3900'. 
Those with weak hearts, palpitations, and so forth must, of course, 
avoid ascents altogetht-r. The elevated valleys of Davos and Aiosm 
an- those most frequented for Phthisis. The best time to visit them 
is winter, when, after the season's snow has fallen, they are free 
from both dust and wind. 

In the case of Nerrinis Pnfir/tfs, with iriitable conditions (d' 
their organs, the climate is not the sole factoi to ho. considered in 
the choice of a health-resort. The general social conditions also 
demand careful attention. Neurasfhenirs may be driven frantic 
by brass bands, by the rattle of the nin«'-pin alley, or by other 
noisy amusements; and the etf(;ct of the grand(;8t Alpine air may 
in this manner be frustrated. Convalescents^ in a state of pro- 
stration after an acute illness, and those suffering the penalties of 

V. CLIMATE. xxiii 

excessive Mental Strain^ often, if the remedy is not too heroic for 
them, regain their tone and strength with marvellous rapidity by 
a residence of some weeks at a height of 5000-6000'. For other 
patients a medium height of 3000-4000' is sufficient, and there is 
no lack of admirable resorts at this elevation. Neuralgic PatientSj 
who suffer from sciatica or tic-douloureux, often become worse in- 
stead of better in dry and breezy situations, and should prefer 
some sheltered resort by the seaside or in an Alpine valley not 
too high up. The same remark applies to sufferers from Insomnia, 
who, moreover, should pay careful attention to the quietness not 
only of the resort in general but of their selected hotel in particular. 
The bracing and invigorating effect of the Winter Climate 
among the High Alps is principally due to the dryness and purity 
of the atmosphere, analogous to that experienced in bright summer 
weather at heights of not less than 6500'. Dust and fog are alike 
unknown, there is comparatively little wind, the weather is usually 
settled, and between November and the middle of January there is 
a curious inversion of the thermometer, for the temperature rises 
as we ascend. The sun is frequently so powerful that visitors may 
comfortably sit in the open air for hours at a time in sheltered 
spots. In addition to the health-resorts many places have been 
developed in recent years as winter-resorts for sport (p. xxvi), and 
at some of these consumptive patients are not received. 

Height above Sea Level of Swiss Health Resorts. 

At those places in the following list marked by a dagger (f) accom- 
modation may be obtained only from April or May to Oct. or Nov. ; at 
those marked by an asterisk (*) from June or July to Sept. ; in all other 
cases the hotels are open all the year round. Many of the hotels on the 
Lago Maggiore and the Lago di Como are closed from Nov. till February. 

Height in 

Engl. Feet. 
600. — 636' Lago Maggiore: Locarno (p. 534), Brissago (p. 538), Pal- 
» lanza (p. 541), Baveno (p. 542), Stresa (p. 543), Luino (p. 539); 

700' Lake of Como: Bellagio (p. 555), Cadenabbia (p. 555), Me- 
naggio (p. 554), Varenna (p. 554), Tremezzo (p. 556), Cernobbio 
(p. 557). 
900. -•905' Lugano (p. 526}; 1080' Castagnola (p. 530); 1115' Arles- 
heim (p. 12), Frenkendorf (p. 18); 1140' Sondrio (p. 520). 
1200. — 1220' Lake of Geneva: Ouchy (j). 299), Vevey (p. 304), Clarens 
(p. 306), Montreux (p. 307), Territet (p. 311); 1250' Locarno Monti 
(p. 535), Varese (p. 540); 1305' Lake of Constance: Constance (p. 39), 
Arbon (p. 43), Horn (p. 43), Rorschach (p. 70); 1335' Aigle (p. 313); 
1340' Lake of Zurich: Zurich (p. 44), lliischlikon (p. 56), Wildens- 
wil (p. 56), Richterswil (p. 56), Raj)perswil (p. 63); 1368' Lake of 
Zug: Zug (p. 103), Iinmensee (p. 134), Walchwil (p. 134); 1378' 
Davesco (p. 531); 1387' Wallensee: Weosen (p. 57), Miilih^lioru 
(p. 59), Murg (p. ,59), Wallenstadt (p. 60); 1380' Montliey (j). 325); • 
1400' fBignasco (p. 536); 1415' Bicneiiberg (p. 18); 1435' Lake of 
Lucerne: Lucerne (p. 108), Hinter-Meggen (jk 135), KUHHiiacht 
(p. 135), fHergiHwil (j). 131), tH^rtcnstein (p. IKJ), fWeggis (j). 116), 
fVitznau (p. 117), Buochs (p. 117), Heckenri<Ml (p. 118), GerBau 

xxiv V. HKAl/ni liKSoKTS. 

Heiahi in 

(p. lib), Brunnoii (p. 12U), Sinikou (,p. 124), FlUeleu (p. 125); 1443' 
>«»uhaurtei» n. 3rtU llHo' Varallo (p. 648). 

1500. 1500' ' ; 1555' Sarnon (p. 167); 1558' Sachselii 

,n. IHT^; irj? (p. 18); 1«80' Tellsplatte (p. 124); 1692' 

Wolf- . i2;; iio*/ WolfenHchieHsen (p. 161); 1712' Amsteg 

Cp li .,_.' Hi'lp p. IHO); 1760' St. Lt'gier (p. 306); 1765' Sierro 
ij 1775' Ht'^MiiiiH I). 295): 1840' Lake of 'rimn: Thuii (p. UK)), 

ll..i..uu^ren P. IW), Oborhofen (p. 194), Uunteu (p. 194), Spiez 
• p. 195). MrrhK^n (p. 197), KrattiK^n (p. 191), LeisHigen (p. 191), 
n • l^iW; 1840' C'lu>xlir«'H (p. 273); 1850' Quarten (p. 60) ; 

1- km p. 1H«« : 1870' Kerns (p. 166), Brienz (p. 227), 

■\ p. :>(>oi, I ! (p. 229); 1925' Wilderswil (p. 200); 

Iv ringfn cp. 2l. , . •^' ('not5x (p. 325); 1985' C'heniex (p. 311); 

1985' SoDvico (p. 6ai); 199u' Ringgeuberg (p. 203); 1994' Arogiio 
(p. 5S«). 

9000. - 2027' LiohtensteiK (p. 74); 2043' Blouay (p. 306), Castasegiia 
Op. 524); 2080' Bognanoo fp. 384); 2100' MorHc^haeh (p. 121); 2110' 
Ger7«nM>>H Cp. 190); 2130' Lugeten (p. 57); 2168' Linthal (p. 93); 
S! - - ' (p. 93); 2200' Axenfels (p. 121), fFridau (p. 20); 

i, i.. 531); 2230' Moruex (p. 293); 2237' WalzenhauHen 

ID. «W); 224U' Krleubach (p. 249); 2260' Obstalden (p. 59); 2264' 
Kimmelreich (p. 115); 2270' Glion (p. 308); 2275' Evilard (p. 16); 
ttwy Schttnbrunn (p. 104); 2295' tHtni8trich-Bad (p. 236), Novaggio 
(p. 523). 

S800. - 2330' Faulensee-Bad (p. 196), Monnetier (p. 293), Wolfhaldeu 

(v. 77); 23-iO' Lan<:«''il>ru.k (p. 18); 2350' Brunate (p. 550); 2355' 
Pilzbaoh (p. 59); 2;U)0' Ri<Mlen (p. 65), SchOneck (p. 118), tSonnen 
berg n»-ar Luivrne (p. 114), Thusis (p. 457); 2365' Giessbach (p. 228) 

ilzbaoh (p. 59); 2;U)0' Ri<Mlen (p. 65), SchOneck (p. 118), tSonnen- 
M^rg n»-ar Luivrne (p. 114), Thusis (p. 457); 2365' Giessbach (p. 228): 
tSSty tKfUsiHberg (p. 136); 2395' fHartlisberg (p. 192), Ober- and 
Unter-Aegeri (p. 107), t(;imel (p. 298), Riittihubel-Bad (p. 176); 
2428' Hlitt»'n (p. 136); 2433' fKanisach (p. 19); 2440' Fleurier (p. 261); 
t450' tFlli.;li-Hanft (p. 168); 2460' fAxenstein (p. 121), tFanibiihl- 
bad (p. 171), tGlutzenb»'rg (p. 24), Chamlty (p. 311); 2463' fWarten- 
?»t*»in 'p. K7); 21H0' fLimgern (p. 168); 2485' Faido (p. 148); 2490' 
; 2493' Nesslau (p. 75); 2520' fEmmetten (p. 118); 

p. ^^)^ 

2600. 2WX/ litTgiHwald (p. 115); 2615' Lauterbriinnen (p. 207); 2625' 
Pr"'-" •■ |- Krinau (p. 71), f'Sigriswil (p. 194); 2645' Wallen- 
«' 26.54' Lignieres (p. 18); 2657' Heiden (p. 77); 267:r 

V.:r«.-*Haz p. '.i».;; 2676' S. Maria Maggiore (p. 535); 2676' Wald- 
•Utt (p. 6K,; 2H77' (in b ^p. 77); 2680' *St. Gervais (p. 334), Tliier- 
f- 26H.5' I'roinontogno (p. 523), Weissbad (p. 79) ; 2700' 

y . l^)-, 2717' Frutigen (p. 237) ; 2742' Chable (p. 375); 

275</ Vorau»-n (p. KM)); 2760' Srhwarzenberg (p. 174); 2770' fSeelis- 
b.T.- •, 1 I'. ; i788' ObtThrlfoiiHwil (p. 74): 2790' Schwende (p. 81); 
•al (p. 57); 2815' ZiiunM-rwald (p. 190); 2818, fAeschi 
(p. 1.".,; -n:i5' (hirten (p. 188); 2865' fTwannberg (p. 17), Uetli- 
berg (p. 54^; 2K70' fBlirgeiiHtO'-k (p. 130); 2885' Macolin (p. 16); 
2895' Ar/ 

2900. - 2»00' • 77); 2930' FKlhli (p. 175», Kossiniere (p. 274); 

2933' Mrb.htal (v. 166.; 2950' Biauc 8ee (p. 238), Mout Pelerin 
(p. :5<j6;; 295.V Ober Uickeiibach (p. 161), ('haririey (p. 250) ; 2960' 
FideriM fp. 445); 2970' Gonten (p. 68), Trogen (p. 78); 3045' Corbey- 
rier (p. 314); 8f>50' f Abundance (p. 323), Ballaigues (p. 279), Untor- 
IberR (p. 138): 8058' fSeewis (p. 444); 3064' (Jais (p. 78); 3075' 
*< ■ ' ■ 3080' Amden (p. 58), flHsinie (p. 4:;0); 3100' 

Z . tWriHHenfiuh (p. 117); 3105' Kiriila) (p. 237); 

SlUi' La«i/o d iiitelvi (p. 551;; 3116' Macolin (p. 16); 3120' Viittis 
(jp. 90), Val-d'Iiliez (p. 32«;) ; 31.30' fFclHcnegg (p. 104); .'.135' Ilaiits- 
(ienevevJi (p. 260); 3155' Ooldiwil (p. 190); 3180' Chateau-d'Oex 



Height in 

Engl. Feet. 

(p. 274), Hemberg (p. 74); 3190' Les Avants (p. 311), Schwell- 
brunn (p. 67). 

3200. — 3210' Andeer (p. 472); 3215' fMorzine (p. 323); 3220' fElm 
(p. 101); 3230' Salvan (p. 338); 3280' Staffelalp (p. 190), Schwarzen- 
egg (p. 192), fRevereulaz (p. 325); 3260' Unterschachen (p. 98); 
3280' Schlegweg-Bad (p. 192) ; 3295' Briinig (p. 169) ; 3300' Weiss- 
tannen (p. 61); 3303' fSerneus (p. 446); 3310' Le Pont and Le 
Sentier on the Lac de Joux (p. 278); 3314' fMenzberg (p. 174); 
3324' Laax (p. 461) ; 3326' Saanen (p. 252) ; 3356' Engelberg (p. 162) ; 
3380' Eigental (p. 115); 3385' fLes Marecottes (p. 339); 3415' 
Chamonix (p. 344), Cote-aux-Fees (p. 267); 3422' St. Cergue 
(p. 297), Les Granges (p. 338); 3430' Reuti (p. 226), La Brevine 
(p. 264); 3440' Hohfluh (p. 226); 3450' Grindelwald (p. 218), Le 
S6pey (p. 320), Champery (p. 327), Grstaad (p. 251); 3483' Ober- 
Iberg (p. 138); 3484' Le Tretien (p. 339); 3510' Flims (p. 459); 
3512' Vicosoprano (p. 523) ; 3527' Lenk (p. 252) ; 3540' Les Praz- 
de-Chamonix (p. 342), fOber-Balmberg (p. 23), fFalkenfluh (p. 189) ; 
3543' Ste. Croix (p. 267); 3565' Schwarzsee- Bad (p. 271); 3570' 
Soglio (p. 524); 3590' Richisau (p. 100). 

3600. — 3600' Saxeten (p. 205); 3610' Isenfluh (p. 206), Caux (p. 310), 
Les Queues (p. 262); 3640' Goschenen (p. 145), St. Anton near 
Heiden (p. 77) ; 3674' Les Flans near Bex (p. 315) ; 3690' Klosters- 
Dorfli (p. 446); 3700' Heiligkreuz (p. 175); 3705' fSchweiben Alp 
(p. 229); 3708' St. Niklaus (p. 410); 3715' Gryon (p. 320); 3735' 
fAbendberg (p. 202) ; 3750' Airolo (p. 146) ; 3765' Disentis (p. 465) ; 
3770' Waldhaus Flims (p. 459), Lens (p. 380) ; 3780' Gottschalken- 
berg (p. 136); 3800' *Gurnigel-Bad (p. 190); 3822' Beatenberg 
(p. 197), Sorenberg (p. 175); 3835' Kandersteg (p. 238); 3837' Val- 
zeina (p. 444); 3845' fSarn (p. 457); 3850' Les Rasses (p. 267); 
3855' Chaumont (p. 260) ; 3860' Mauborget (p. 266) ; 3865' fL'Etivaz 
(p. 275) ; 3900' Savognin (p. 478) , Centers (p. 478) ; 3905' fAlagna 
(p. 428) ; 3937' Gsteig (p. 318) ; 3940' Ormont-Dessus (p. 319) ; 3950' 
Klosters (p. 446) ; 3960' fHSt. du Generoso (p. 538) ; 3980' fVissoye 
(p. 403), fSchuls (p. 510). 

4000. — 4015' fCourmayeur (p. 359); 4019' Chesiferes (p. 321); 4035' 
Churwalden (p. 454) ; 4060' fFinhaut (p. 339) ; 4095' fVals-Platz 
(p. 462); 4100' Sonnenberg near St. Imier (p. 262), Argenti^re 
(p. 341), fMayens de Leytron (p. 379) ; 4115' *Braunwald (p. 94) ; 
4120' Villars (p. 321) ; 4130' Lauenen (p. 251) ; 4133' *Grimmi Alp 
(p. 248); 4160' fVulpera (p. 510); 4190' Wengen (p. 215); 4200' 
♦Urigen (p. 98), Gadenstatt-Pany (p. 445); 4220' Weissenstein 
(p. 22) ; 4230' Brigels (p. 463) ; 4242' *Stoos (p. 121) ; 4260' Mayens 
de Sion (p. 397), Schrina-Hochruck (p. 60), Meien (p. 174); 4315' 
Rigi-Klosterli (p. 127); 4340' Trient (p. 344); 4353' fMacugnaga 
(p. 426); 4363' fRosenlaui (p. 230); 4366' *Brusson (p. 431); 4370' 
fCuraglia (p. 468); 4405' *Morgin8 (p. 326); 4415' fPIanalp (p. 227) ; 
4430' *Vi8perterminen (p. 409); 4432' La Comballaz (p. 275), 
fTschiertschen (p. 441); 4442' Maderaner-Tal (p. 155); 4450' Adel- 
boden (p. 246). 

4500. - 4515' Berglin (p. 482); 4517' Langwies (p. 442); 4520' fEvolena 

xiYi \ HK.\l/rH KKSOHTS. 

Height in 
SmfL Fm4. 

iSbl' ^ :>- i' HoHponthal (p. 152); 4910' fFionnay 

(p. s: - - i Alp (p. 5!81); '4955' Parpan (p. 454) ; 

41*5' rAxitlp ;p. p. .HHO). 

SOOO. :)«HM)' Vultourii , 5019' fLe Praz-de-Lys (p. 336); 

^ :'. n.iut»nen (p. it^i) ; boHO' tBoriaal (p. ;{85) ; 5100' H5t. 
i'j.iir .4 \..jr (p. 317); 5115' Davos-Platz (p. 419); 5125' fSaas- 
Grund (u. 121); 5150' fGrimentz (p. 403); 51G4' Davos-Dorf (p. 450); 
5220' tKi ^* r.'l (P. 12«); 5250' fPralong (p. 397), fMonstein 
(p. 463): an Hrruardino (p. 477); 5315' f^ermatt (p. 411); 

5370' ♦<♦!.>;, . la Triiutt^ (p. 429); 5385' tMarreii (p. 209); 5390' 
fSt. Lu.- 1'. I'-.,; 5405' fFetan (p. 509); 5423' *Guaida (p. 509); 
5425' t Irnmi-Satien (p. 4«0); 5460' fClavadel (p. 452), fRigi- 
S.)..M.J...'i; (p. 12V). 

5600. Zinal (p. 404); 5548' Ponte (p. 507); 5615' Zuoz (p. 507); 

56K' f»i«'o) Arosa (p. 443), fSeewen Alp (p. 175); 5670' Saraaden 
(p. 484); bi\ny Celerina fp. 485); 6905' fRigi-Kulm (p. 124); 5825' 
tBaths of St. Moritz (p. 488); 5880' Preda (p. 483); 5900' *Saaa- 
Pcr 'p. 122); 5910' Forpocle (p. 400); 5910' Sila-Baseglia (p. 491), 
*' p. 193) ; 6915' PontieHina (p. 495) ; 5930' Sila-Maria (p. 491) ; 

61' ..vaplana (p. 490); 6961' Orubcn in the Turtmann Vallev 

(p. 407). 

6000. - 6000' ♦rampfer (p. 490); 6003' fPiora (p. 146); 6033' *p:ng8tlen 

*Aroiia (p. auiM. 
6500. ♦•,.,54' Ohtralp-See (p. 467); 6710' *Breuil (p. 433); 6870' *St. Oott- 
hard PaHM (p. 163); 6880' *Uiomein (p. 433). 


iiar«i raHM (p. loai; »»«» -^unomein [\k a6). 

7010' *B«'I Alp (p. 382); 7195' ♦Hot. Jungfrau-Eggishom (p. 390); 
7227' Ritfol Alp (p. 411); 7r,94' *Hot. Weisshorn (p. 404); 8006' 
♦HAt. Torrent Alp (p. 242); 8495' *Schwarz8eo Hotel (p. 416). 

Winter Resorts. 
(Cjomp. the preceding lint. Winter Sports, see p. xxxi). 

In the Jura and W. Sivifzerland: Le Pont on the Lac de Joux (3310'; 
p. 278); Ste. Croix (.'J543') and L^h RasHes (.3850'; p. 267); Ballaigues (3050'; 
p. 279); Sonn-nhpfi^ n»>Hr St. Imier (4100'; p. 262); Weiasenstein (4220'; 
p. 22}; L»'H P.- ■; p. 2r)2). In t)w Cantons of Vmid and Valais: 

ChAteau-d'Oi-x - . ; 1) ; M )ntreux (1220'; p. 307) ; Vevey (1220'; p. 804) ; 
Ourhy (1220*; p. 29yj ; Glion (2270'; p. .309); Mont P61erin (2950'; p. 306) ; 
Lefi A van tH (3190'; p. 311); Caiix (3610'; p. 310); Corbeyrier (3045'; p. 314), 
Leysin (4757'; p. 313). and Lc Scpey (3^150'; p. 320), near Aigle; Gryon 

(3716'; p. 320), Villam (4120'; d. 321), Chesiferes (4019'; p. ;}21), and 

Brx; Col du Lein (6100'; p. 3 
M-' / t .'; p. 326); Charapery (34.50'; p. 327); Alontana- Ver- 

Le« PUnH (.V.74'; p. 316), near Brx ; Col du Lein (6100'; p. 317), near 

m.'i. . —In Savot/: Chamonix (.3416'; p. 344); Argen- 

tierr- (tl(^»'; p. ^i-Uj. — In th»' Ikrnene. Ohtrlatul : (Jstaad (3460'; p. 251); 
Zweinimmf'n (31(X)'; p. 260); Adelboden (4450', p. 246); Kandersteg (3900'; 
p. 2S8); Lauterbrunnen (2615'; p. 207); Wcngen f419f'; p. 215); Orindol- 
wald (Uh(Y\ p. 218); Boat - ' - - (.3822'; p. 197); Saar en (3326'; p. 252).- 
Vftniral Stcitztirland: Kn ^3.356'; p. 162); Melchtal ^2933'; p. 166); 

Rigi-Kaltbad rHAt. Bfllevui , IVJO'; p. 124); Rigi-KloHterli (Schwert; 4315'; 
p. 125); (JottH<;haIkenb.rg (37HO'; p. 13»)); (ittHrhenen (3640'; p. 145); 
Andermatt (4738'; p. Vol). - Runt cm Switzerland: Ncsslau (2493'; p. 75); 
GlarUH (1490'; p. 1*2); Linthal (2168'; p. 93); (Joire (1955'; p. 436); Flirns 
(3770'; p. 459); Parpan (4955'; p. 454); Lenzerheidn (4845'; p. 456); Arosa 
(5640'; p. 44.3); Vafzeina (3837^ p. 444); (iadenstiltt-Pany (4200'; p. 445); 
St. Antftnien (4658'; p. 446); Klosters (3940'; p. 446); Davos (5115'; p. 449); 


Wiesen (4770'; p. 453); Andeer (3210'; p. 472); Samadeu (5670'; p. 484); 
Celerina (5685'; p. 485); Pontresina (5915'; p. 495); St. Moritz (6033'; 
p. 486); Campffer (6000'; p. 490); Silvaplana (5955'; p. 490); Sils-Baseglia 
(5910'; p. 491); Sils-Mada (5930'; p. 491); Vicosoprano (3512'; p. 523); 
Zuoz (5615'; p. 507). 

VI. Walking Tours. Maps. 

In a mountainous country like Switzerland it is to pedestrians 
alone that many of the finest points are accessible, and even where 
driving or riding is practicable, walking is often more enjoyable. 

Disposition of Time. The first golden rule for the walker 
is to start early. If strength permits, and a suitable halting-place 
is to be met with, a walk of one or two hours may be accomplished 
before breakfast. At noon a moderate luncheon is preferable to a 
table-d'hote dinner. Rest should be taken during the hottest hours 
(12-3), and the journey then continued till 5 or 6 p.m., when a 
substantial meal (evening table-d'hote at the principal hotels) may 
be partaken of. 

Equipment. A superabundance of luggage infallibly increases 
the delays, annoyances, and expenses of travel. To be provided 
with enough and no more, may be considered the second golden 
rule for the traveller. A light 'gibeciere' or game-bag, which is far 
less irksome to carry than a knapsack, suffices to contain all that 
is necesarry for a week's excursion. A change of flannel shirts and 
worsted stockings, a few pocket-handkerchiefs, a pair of slippers, 
and the 'objets de toilette' may, with a little practice, be carried 
with hardly a perceptible increase of fatigue. A pocket-knife with a 
corkscrew, a leathern drinking-cup, a spirit-flask, stout gloves, and a 
piece of green crape or coloured spectacles to protect the eyes from 
the glare of the snow, should not be forgotten. Useful, though less 
indispensable, are a field-glass or small telescope, sewing materials, 
a supply of strong cord, sticking plaster, a small compass, a pocket- 
lantern, a thermometer, and an aneroid barometer. Special attention 
should be paid to the boots, which must be strong, well-tried, and 
thoroughly comfortable, as the slightest tendency to rub or blister 
may seriously mar the enjoyment of the walk. For glacier-tours 
and mountain-ascents the soles must be supplied with nails, which, 
however, may be added on reaching the mountainous district. The 
traveller's reserve of clothing should be contained in a portmanteau 
of moderate size, which he can easily wield himself when necessary, 
and which may be forwarded from town to town by post. 

The mountaineer should have a well-tried AlpensforJc of seasoned 
ash, 5-6' long, shod with a steel point, and strong enough, when 
placed horizontally, with the ends supported, to bear the whole 
weight of the body. For the more difficult ascents an Ice Axe and 

\x\iij VI. W \I.K1N(; TOTRS. 


Hope are also necessary; the former may uHiuilly be borrowed at 
the hotel and the latter is generally furnished by the guide. The 
best ropes, light and strong, are made of silk or Manilla hemp. In 
crossing a glaeii-r the preeaution of using the rope should never be 
neglected. It should be securely tied round the waist of each mem- 
ber of the party, leaving a length of about 10' between each pjiir. 
Ice-axes are made in various forms, and are usually furnished with 
a spike at the end of the handle, so that they can in some measure 
be used like an Alpenstock. 

Oenernl Hints. Th«' traveller's ambition often exceeds his 
powrrs of »'ndurane»', and if his strength be once overtaxed he will 
sometimes be incapacitated altogethtM- for several days. At the 
outset, therefore, the walker's performances should be moderate; 
and even when he is in good training they should rarely exceed 
10 hrs. a day. When a mountain has to be breasted the jiedestrian 
should avoid 'spurts' and pursue the 'even tenor of his way' at a 
steady and moderate pace (^chi va piano va sano; chi va sano va 
lontano' ). As another golden maxim for his guidance the traveller 
should remnnbrr that 'When fatigue begins, enjoyment ceases'. 

To prevent the feet from blistering during a protracted walking 
tour, they may be rubbed morning and evening with brandy and 
tallow. A warm foot-bath with bran will be found soothing after a 
long day's march. Soaping the inside of the stocking is another 
well-known safeguard against abrasion of the skin. 

Mountainri'ring among the higher Alps should not be attempted 
before the middle or end of July, nor at any period after a long 
continuance of rain or snow, (rlaciers should be traversed as early 
in the morning as possible, before the sun softens the crust of ice 
formed during the night over the crevasses. Experienced guides 
are indispensable for such excursions. 

The traveller is cautioned against sleeping in chalets, unless it is 
absolutrly necessary. Whaiever poetry there may be theoretically 
in 'a fragrant bed of hay', the cold night-air piercing abundant 
apertures, the ringing of the cow -bells, the grunting of the pigs, 
and the undiscarded garments, hardly conduce to r(!freshing slum- 
ber. .As a rule, therefore, the night previous to a mountain-expe- 
dition should be spent either at an inn or at one of the club-huts 
which the Swiss, German, and Italian Alpine ('lubs have recently 
erected for the convenience of travellers. Th(? senseless habit of 
breaking empty bottles and scattering the frag;nents has led to in- 
convenience and even danger near some of th«; more fre(|uented of 
these club-huts. Bottles when done with should be deposited in 
gome suitable sf)ot wher** they will be out of the way. 

Mountaineers should [)rovide themselves with fresh meat, bread, 
and wine or spirits for iong expeditions. The chalets usually afford 
nothing but Alpine fare (milk, cheese, and stale bread). Glacier- 

VI. MAPS. xxix 

water should not be drunk except in small quantities, mixed with 
wine or cognac. Cold milk is also safer when qualified with spirits. 
One of the best beverages for quenching the thirst is cold tea. 

Over all the movements of the pedestrian the weather holds 
despotic sway. The barometer and weather-wise natives should be 
consulted when an opportunity offers. The blowing down of the 
wind from the mountains into the valleys in the evening, the melt- 
ing away of the clouds, the fall of fresh snow on the mountains, 
and the ascent of the cattle to the higher parts of their pasture are 
all signs of fine weather. On the other hand it is a bad sign if the 
distant mountains are dark blue in colour and very distinct in out- 
line, if the wind blows up the mountains , and if the dust rises in 
eddies on the roads. West winds also usually bring rain. Tele- 
graphic weather -reports as to the principal places in Switzerland 
are posted about 8 a.m. at the chief railway-stations and health- 

Health. Tincture of arnica is a good remedy for bruises, and more- 
over has a bracing and invigorating effect if rubbed on the limbs after 
much fatigue ; but it should never be applied to broken skin, as it is apt 
to produce erysipelas. Saturnine ointment or oxide of zinc ointment is bene- 
licial in cases of inflammation of the skin , an inconvenience frequently 
caused by exposure to the glare of the sun on the snow. Cold cream, 
and, for the lips especially, vaseline or glycerine, are also recommended. 

For Diarrhoea 15 drops of a mixture of equal parts of tincture of 
opium and aromatic tincture may be safely taken every two hours until 
relief is afforded. The homoeopathic tincture of camphor (5 drops on 
a lump of sugar every half-hour or so) is also a good remedy. Tlie 
homoeopathic camphor -globules are convenient, but are more apt to lose 
their strength. 

Maps, "^ Topographischer Atlas der Schiveiz, on the scale of 
the original drawings (flat districts 1 : 25,000, mountains 1 : 50,000), 
published by the Federal Staff Office under the superintendence of 
Col. Siegfried and known as the 'Siegfried Atlas'. The conformation 
of the ground is indicated by contour- lines at intervals of 10 and 
30 metres. 591 sheets; price, 1 fr. per sheet; four sheets in one, 
lithographed, 2-3 fr., mounted 3-5 fr. 

Older than the above, but carefully brought up to date, is the 
Topographische Karte der Schweiz, also from surveys made by 
order of the Federal authorities (under the superintendence of Gene- 
ral Dufour)\ scale 1 : 100,000; 25 sheets, each 2 fr., mounted 3 fr. 

Good maps on a smaller scale are Kiimraerly^s Gesamtkarte 
der Schweiz (1:400,000; mounted 6 f r. ; index of names 2 fr.); 
Leuzinger^s T our istenk arte der Schweiz (1:400,000; mounted 
5 fr.) and Raise- Relief- Karte der Schweiz (1:530,000; 3^/2 fi*-) ; 
KUmmerh/ 8 Distanzenkarte der Schvjeiz (1 : 500,000; 3 fr.), and 
Distanzenkarte des Berner Oberlandes (1 : 200,000; 3 fr.). 

Cycling Maps, see p. xxxi. 


VII. Motoring. Cycling. Golf. Winter 


Motoring. Motor Cars enterin«^ Swilzerlaiul lire subject to a 
cuHloins-iluty i>f 40 fr. \)vr 100 k«^. ((JOfr. if upholstered in leather), 
the amount hrint^ r<'turn«Ml if thr ear (juit the country within six 
months. Mt'uibi'rs of the AijtomobUe Club de ISuisse (Hotel Metro- 
pole, Granci-Uuai, (ieneva), or of clubs associated with it for the 
purpose, are spared the n«'erssity of making this deposit on shew- 
ing rvidt'iiee of mt-mbrrship. Drivers' licenses issued in the tourists' 
native country arr usually accepted as sutllcient. Cars must be 
furnished with two In ad-lights (white on the right side, green on 
the b'fti and with a rrd tail-light. The speed-limit never exceeds 
30 kil. (lh> , M.) per hr., but in towns and villages and on certain 
mountain-roads it sinks to 10 kil. (674 M.), and on bridges, narrow 
streets, and steep roads to 6 kil. (8^/4 M.). On mountain-roads n 
car must stop on m»'«'ting a diligence. The Swiss police are strict 
in rnforcing thr regulations. 

Many roads in Switzerland are entirely forbidden to motor-cars 
and motor-cycles. The entire Canton of Grisons^ the Fnrka and 
G^rimsel roads, th»' mountain-roads in Fa^aii', and certain mountain- 
roads in Uri and (rlants are closed to motor-traffic. All the great 
passes are barred to motors, except the Sf. Gotthard^ Shnphm^ and 
Bniniy Pa.snes which are open at certain times only. — Full in- 
formation and nunn'rous maps in thr iumunl Gtnde de rAutoni obi - 
linte (.Vutomobile Revue, Heme). 

Cycling. The unattached cyclist on entering Switzerland with 
his wheel must pay a ('ustoms-dej)osit of 12 fr., which is returned 
if he quit the country within a year. Members of well-known cyc- 
ling associations are spared this formality on conditions explained 
in the handbooks of these clubs. Cyclists who mean to spend some 
time in the country may join the Tourinf/ Club Suisse (Boulevard 
du Theatre 9, (ieneva; annual subscription 6 fr.), but the chief 
British clubs are affiliated with that association and their members 
enjoy its privileges. On Swiss railways cycles are treated as lug- 
gage (|). XXXV). 

The districts best adapted for cycle-tours in Switzerland are 
the hill-country in N. and VV. Switzerland, th • neighbourhood of 
the Lake of Constance, the lake-regions of Central Switzerland and 
the Btrnese Oberland, and the environs of the Lake of (Jeneva. No 
one who is not fairly strong and in good condition should attempt 
the Swiss passes or mountain-roads. In any cimv the machine 
should be well-tried and trnsted rather than new, and the brakes 
must be powerful and r»'liable. The practice of tying a branch or 
sapling behind the cycle to check its velocity down hill is forbidden. 


lu some towns and villages steep, narrow, or busy streets are closed 
to cycles. 

Swiss roads vary in condition more than those of any other 
country, largely owing to the action of frost and snow ; hence the 
diametrically opposite reports with regard to the condition of cer- 
tain roads. On the whole it may be said that they have been well 
constructed and are indifferently maintained. The mountain-roads 
are as a rule open from June to September inclusively, though that 
of course depends on the melting of the snow and the time that 
must ensue to bring the roads into good dry condition. Information 
must be sought locally as to the state of the roads at any parti- 
cular time. The best time for the passes is July and early August : 
in mid-August road-mending begins. — The rule of the road is to 
keep to the right in meeting, to the left in overtaking another 

Among the best Cycling Maps for Switzerland are the large map 
published by the Zurich Cycling Club (1:200,000; 9 sheets); the Carte 
Routiere of the Swiss Touring Club, based on Dufour^s 'Generalkarte der 
Schweiz' (1:250000; four sheets at 5 fr., mounted 6V2 fi^« ; for members of 
the club 21/2 or 3V2 fr.) ; and Ravenstein's Map of the Swiss Alps (1 : 250,000; 
two sheets in one, mounted 6 fr.). The Touring Club also publishes profile- 
maps of the more important passes (50-75 c, for members 20-50 c). Excel- 
lent maps on a smaller scale are those published by Kiimmerly & Frey of 
Bern, with profiles of the roads on the back (1:500,000; 3 fr., mounted 
on linen); iUfziie^bacTi's Road-Profile Map of Switzerland (1:600,000; mount- 
ed 2fr.); MiiUhaupfs Cycling Map of Switzerland (1:445,000; mounted 
aV^fr.) and Map of S.W. Switzerland and Savoy (1 : 300,000; mounted 3i/2fr.)- 

Golf. The best golf-links in Switzerland are those at Mon- 
tana (p. 373; season May 15th-0ct. 31st); but there are courses 
also at Aighj Axenfels, Brunnen, Celerina, Geneva, Gottschalken- 
berg, Interlaken, Les Raises, Locarno, Lucerne, Maloja, Me- 
naggio, Ragatz, Samaden, St. Moritz-Dorf, Varenna, and 
Zurich. There is an annual championship-competition under the 
auspices of the Swiss Cfolf Association (hon. sec. Mr. S. H. March, 
Hotel National, Lucerne). 

Winter Sports, which are carried on with great spirit at 
practically all of the Swiss winter-resorts (p. xxvi), include skating, 
curling, tobogganing, ski-ing (pron. 'she-ing'), and bandy (hockey 
upon skates). All these sports may be enjoyed at the older and 
more important stations and there are few resorts where skating, 
tobogganing, and ski-ing are not practised. Competitions for cups, 
trophies, or certificates of proficiency are held annually at some of 
the leading centres of sport, and accommodation at these is fre- 
quently diflicult to obtain in the high season unless secured a long 
time in advance. Provision is made everywhere also for the 
inexperienced and the unambitious and the necessary sleighs, skis, 
etc. are to bf; had on hiro. The season lasts fron) December to 
March inclusive;; at some stations it begins a little eariior or lingers 
a little later. 

xxiii VI 11. rtriDKS. 

Thv chief centres for Skatino are Davos and 8t. Moriiz, besides 
which we may mention (Trindelwald, Enj^elberg, Klosters, Villars- 
inr-(^llon, Adelhoden, (Vlerina, Arosa, Kandersteg, IJeatcnberg, 
Montana, and LtMizerheide. I'urlincj may be enjoyed at all these 
places. The International Curling Honspiel has been held, since 
P.»or>. at Kandersteg (twice), Celerina, Villars (twice), and Wengen. 
C* * -d'Ot'x, Hallaigues, ('hamonix, and Le Pont also have good 
j^k . ^. but the ice cannot be so confidently reckoned on as at the 
higher-lying resorts. — Toboooanino includes both the exciting 
sport of ice-running, on bobsleighs and 'skeletons', which implies 
some skill and practice, and the less ambitious snow-running or 
road-tobogganing on the small sleds known as 'luges'. The best ice- 
run is the famous t'resta Run at Hi. Moritz, and the next best is 
that at Villars-sur-Ollon. There are ice-runs at Pontresina, Silva- 
plana, .\rosa, ('e)erina, Zuoz, Davos, (Irindelwald , and Montana. 
Lugeing or snow rurniing obtains wherever there are snow-covered 
slopes. — Ski-inq, though introduced into Switzerland about 1902 
only, has there become an exceedingly popular and wide-spread 
sport. Anjong the best centres for it are Montana. Adelboden, 
Lenzerhride, Klosters, Villars, Kandersteg, and Bcatenberg. 

UHcful information on all these pursuits is given in the excellent 
Iktok of Winttr Sjn>rt», edited by E. and M. Syers (London; J908). Some 
toiirintK may tint! tlu-ir aocount in joining the Public Schools Winter Sport a 
( :i. Hpo. Mr. Watkin Watkins, Hightield, Harrow), a proprietary (;lub 

w ■•♦♦»rvt*B ai'coiiimodation lor its memberH at several sport-centres. 

VIII. Guides. 

On well-trodden routes like those of the Kigi, Pilatns, Wen- 
gern Alp, Fanlhorn, Scheidegg, Grimsel, Gemmi, etc., the services 
of a guide are unneerssary in good weather; the maps and directions 
«»f th»' Handbook will br found entir«'ly sufficient. The traveller 
may engage the first urchi i he meets to carry his bag or knapsack 
for a trifling gratuity. (Juides are, however, indispensable for 
e.xpeditions among the higher mountains, especially on those which 
involve th»' passage of glaciers. Only novices undervalue their 
services and forget that snow-storms or mist may at any moment 
change security to danger. As a class, the Swiss guides will be found 
to be intelligent and rrspj-etable m»'n, well versed in their duties, 
and acfjuainted with the pi'ople and resources of the country. 

The great stations for guides are Lauterbrannen, Grindelwald, 
.Meiringen, Kngelberg, Kandersteg, Chamonix, Zermatt, p]volena, 
Zinal, and Pontresina. whilr for the prineipal jjasses guides are 
always to be found at the neighbouring villages. 

The chargefi for guides and portors are fixed by the Guides' Tariff 
issued by the Central Committee of the Swiss Alpin*' Club. This consists 
of throe sfrtions: 1. Valaisian and Vaiidois Alps; 2. Bernese Oberland; 
.3. Alps of Central and K. Switzerland. The following extracts from tliis 
tariff should he noted. 


The guide is bound to show the tourist his book both at the begin- 
ning and end of an expedition. Even when he has served as porter only, 
he must ask the traveller for a testimonial. The guide must also ascer- 
tain that the tourist is properly equipped for the proposed expedition. 
If the tourist persists in attempting an expedition against the guide's 
wish and advice, or if he ill-treats the guide, the latter is entitled to 
refuse to serve him. In this case the guide is bound to inform the Sec- 
tional President without delay. 

In ordinary inns and occupied club-huts the guide provides his own 
board ; in the mountaineering district proper the employer has to furnish 
him with food. In an engagement lasting for several days the terms are 
fixed by mutual consent. In this case guides usually receive 8-12 fr. a 
day and porters 6-8 fr., according to the season and the nature of the 
expedition, and even more when difficult ascents are included. The guide 
is bound to carry 7 kilogrammes (15 lbs.) of luggage in addition to the 
necessary rope; the porter carries 15 kgr. (33 lbs.). For each kilogramme 
additional the charge is 20 c. per 'hour of march'; but the guide may 
decline to carry more than 10 kgr. (22 lbs.) in all, and the porter more 
than 20 kgr. (44 lbs.). In tours of special difficulty the guide is entitled to 
refuse to carry any baggage, but he must give his employer due notice of this 
beforehand. When carriages are used the employer pays the whole fare. 

If an expedition for which a guide has been engaged is given up for 
any reason other than bad weather, the guide or porter is entitled to half 
the fee. If the guide or porter is dismissed at a distance from home, 
he is entitled to 6 fr. a day for the return-journey; but he is bound to 
return by the shortest practicable route. 

IX. Carriages and Horses. 

Carriages. The ordinary charge for a carriage with one horse 
is 15-20 fr. , with two horses 25-30 fr. per day; the driver ex- 
pects 10 per cent of the fare as a gratuity. In the height of sum- 
mer the charges are slightly increased. In most cases there is now 
an official tariff, which fixes also the amount to be paid as the retnrn- 
faro to the place where the driver was engaged. When this is not 
fixed the driver is entitled to claim the full rate for his return- 
journey by the shortest route, a day being reckoned as 12hrs.' di'iving. 
On the most frequented routes carriages may generally be ordered 
at the hotels, but it is usually more advantageous to deal personally 
with the driver. The carriage and horses should be inspected before 
the conclusion of the bargain. Private posting, or the system of 
changing horses, is forbidden by law. 

Horses. A horse or mule costs 10-1 2 fr. per day, and the attend- 
ant expects a gratuity of 1-2 fr. in addition; but in some places, 
as at Chamonix, as much is charged for the attendant as for the 
animal. A prolonged ascent on horseback is fatiguing, and th(^ 
descent of a steep hill is disagreeable. 

X. Diligences. Post Office. Telegraph. 

Diligences. The Swiss coaching syst(!m is well organized. TIk; 
diligences ar(! genrrally well litted up, the drivers and guards arc 
respectable, and the fares moderate. These vehicles consist of the 

xxxlv \ POST OKKICK. 

no^m^j or HrHt-class roiiipartmont in front, with 2-3 seats, the in- 
t&nrur'y or secomi-class compartmiMit at the back, with 4-6 seats, 
whirh affords little or no view, aiul the bamiuette (used in suminer 
only) for *J passentjers on thr outside. In some cases there is only 
one outside-seat, which is reserved for the condurfeury or guard, 
but will be ceded by him on payment of the difference between the 
ordinary and the coupr farr. At the most important places, but not 
at all the intermrdiatr stations, the traveller has a right to insist 
i>u transportation; and 'Beiwagen', or supplementary carriages, are 
supplied when the diligence is full. When there arc many pass- 
■ --^<< it is advisable to ke»']) an ♦\ve on one's luggage (see Ix'low), 
-, ially at a change of carriage. 

Oil important routes the coupe is {generally enj^agod several dji\ h before- 
tiand. Thin may l>»* done hy letter or telegraph, giving the traveller's name, 
and the day and hour of departure. The rare also must be forwarded. 

The couj>6 or iiaiiqutttt fare is on ordinary routes 20 c. per kilometre 
(tbnut ^i e. p»'r Kngl. .M.), on Alpine passes 30 c. per kil. (about 48 c. 
per Kngl. .VI.) ; fare in the inUr'unr or cabriolet 15 or 25 c. per kilometre 
{tA or 40 f. per Kngl. .M.). Children of 2-7 years of age pay half-fare. The 
Hummer- fa res are given in the Handbook; the fares in winter (Sept. 16th- 
June 14tb) are about one-third less. Each passenger is allowed 83 lbs. of 
luKgage on ordinary routes, but 22 lbs. only on the higli Alpine routes. 
\Vnen luggag»* rxceeds these weights it is charged for at the rate of 
2 c. p»^r kilogramme, without reference to distance. Small articles may be 
taken into tin* rarriag**, but heavy luggage must l»o booked one hour before 
startinif. Th«' mountain-fliligeiu^es also convey luggage not belonging to 
p. I rs, but at a slightly higher rate, '('he average speed of these 

«t'.;.»L. ...ail-coaches of Switzerland is about 6 M. per hour on level ground, 
and 4 M. per hour on mountain-routes. 

Extra-Post. This is the term applied to the Swiss system of 
posting. mana;:»Ml by g(»vernment, private posting being prohibited. 
The charge for each horse is 7*2 ^^- P*'^' kilometre (80 c. per 31.); 
for a carriage with 2-5 seats 20 c. per kil. (32 c. per M.), for 
one with (> seats 25 c. per kil. (40 c. per M.), for one with 7 or 
more .seats 30 c. per kil. (48 c. per M.). Besides these charges, 
a booking-fee of 2-4 fr. mast be paid according to the size of the 
carriage. If the same v«'hicle is required for a journey of several 
stages, double carriage-money is exacted. The postilions an^ strictly 
forbidden to demand gratuities. Extra-post may be ordered at the 
principal post-oflices on the niountain-routes at one hour's notice. 
The fare must be paid in advance. 

Letters of 250 grammes (about 8^/2 oz.), prepaid, to any part of 
Switzerland 10 e. ; if within a radius of 10 kilonnHres, 5 c; bitters 
of 20 i:rammes to (jrermanv and Austria and b;Uers of 15 o;rammcs 
faboot */» ^^v' to ^^^^ other countri»'S in the postal unior) 25 c, 
and 25 c. for each 20 or 15 gr. more. Uegistration-fee for Switzer- 
land 10 c, for other countries 25 c. — Post-cards for Switzerland 
5 c, for other countries 10 c. — J'rinted matter under 50 gr. for 
Switzerland 2 c, for other ((mntries 5 c. — On Sun. the post-offices 
are usually open from 9 .i.tii. till micblav only. 


Post Office Orders within Switzerland must not exceed 
1000 fr. The charge for an order not exceeding 20 fr. is 15 c, for 
100 fr. 20 c, for each additional 100 fr. 10 c. more. Money-orders 
for foreign countries 25 c. for every 25 fr. up to 100 fr. ; beyond that 
sum 25 c. for every 50 fr. Money-orders also, up to 1000 fr., may 
be transmitted by telegraph, at the ordinary money-order rate plus 
the cost of the telegram and a small extra fee. 

Parcel Post. The rate of postage for an inland parcel from 
any post-office in Switzerland to any other is 15 c. for a weight not 
exceeding 500 grammes (iVio lb.) ; 25 c. from 500 to 2500 gr. ; 40 c. 
from 2500 gr. to 5 kilogrammes (11 lbs.); 70 c. from 5 to 10 kgr. ; 
1 fr. from 10 to 15 kgr. ; 1 fr. 50 c. from 15 to 20 kgr. The tariff 
for parcels exceeding 20 kgr. varies according to the distance from 
80 c. to 1 fr. 20 c. for every 5 kgr. Luggage can often be sent by 
post much more cheaply than by other means; labels (5 c.) are sold 
in every post-office. 

The Telegraph Offices in the large towns are open from 
6 or 7 a.m. till 11 or 10 p.m. according to the season. The tariff 
for a telegram within Switzerland is 30 c, together vdth 2^/2 c. for 
each word ; to Germany 50 c. and 10 c. for each word ; to Great 
Britain 24Y2 c. for each word; to France 10 c. for each word; to 
Italy 10 c. per word for telegrams to the frontier districts, or I21/2 ^' 
for greater distances ; to Austria 10 c. (Tyrol or Yorarlberg 6 c.) per 
word; to the United States from 1 fr. 50 c. per word. The rates for 
other foreign telegrams may be ascertained at the offices. Tele- 
grams may be handed in at railway telegraph-offices, as well as at 
any post-office, from which, if not itself a telegraph-office, they are 
transmitted without delay to the nearest. In such cases the fee for 
the telegram is paid by affixing stamps of the requisite value. If in 
an envelope, the word 'telegram' should be added to the address. 
Telegrams from foreign countries should be addressed 'telegraph 
restante' (instead of 'poste restante'), as in this case they may be 
called for at any time and not merely during the official post-office 

XI. Railways. 

The Carriages on most of the Swiss lines are constructed on 
the American plan, holding 32-72 passengers, and furnished at each 
end with straps of easy access. Through each carriage, and indeed 
through the whole train, runs a passage, on each side of which the 
seats are disposed. Tickets are examined and collected in the 

Luggage must be bookiid and [)ai(l for, but there is no obliga- 
tion on the owner to travel by i\nt same train. It is k(;pt till called 
for at a charge of 10 c. per package for every 24 hours. Nominally 


hantl-luggage to the weight of only lOkgr. (22 lbs.) per person may 
be taken into the carriage, but this regulation is by no means 
strictly enforced. Travellers with through-tickets from the German 
to the Swiss railwa}s, or vice versa, should see that their luggage 
is safe on reaching the frontier (Hftle, Geneva, Neuchatel, Friedrichs- 
hafen, Lindau, Rorschach, Romanshorn, etc.). Where a frontier has 
to he crossed, ordinary luggage should never be sent by goods-train. 
Luggage booked through to Hern, Lucerne, Zurich, Coire, Schail- 
hausen, or Lausanne is examined at the these places only. 

The onorinouH weight of the larji^e trunks used by some travellers not 
infrequently causeH serious injury to the porters who have to handle them. 
Heavy artieles should therefore always be placed in the smaller packages. 

Tickets. ILdders of single and return tickets may break their 
journey at intermediate stations, within the limit of their validity. 
Children under twelve pay half-fare. 

Circular Tickkts are issued at reduced rates on most of the 
Swiss lines, and also by the German and French railways to Switzer- 
land. Information regarding them will be found in the time-tables; 
but they are apt to hamper the traveller's movements and to deprive 
him of the independence essential to enjoyment. 

Gknkrai. Tickets. The so-called General Season Tickets 
f^Generdl-Abonnements^) entitle the holder to travel at will over 
almost all the Swiss railway and steamer lines during a given time. 
A fortnightly ticket of this kind costs 90, 65, or 45 fr. (1st, 2nd, 
and 3rd class), a monthly ticket 140, 100, 70 fr. ; quarterly 810, 
220, L-)5 fr.; half-yearly 480, 840, 240 f r. ; yearly 750, 525, 375 fr. 
These tickets must be ordered at the booking-oflQces of the chief 
stations at least 2 hrs. (at other stations 24 hrs.) in advance; and 
the applicant must at the same time furnish an unmounted photo- 
graph of himself {rarfe de visife size). 

A deposit of ft fr., made wh<'n the ticket is taken, is returned if the 
ticket be presented at any tiiket-oftice on (at latest) the morning of the 
day after its expiry. - These tickets are not available on the Bernese 
()berlan<l railways, the Visp-Zermatt railway, the Rigi railways, etc., but 
the holders usually enjoy a redu(;tion of 20-.^0 per cent. 

The RhflDtian Rairway (RR. 92, 95, 90, 101) issues Mileage Tickets 
I KiiotfU'ttr-Ifrfft), eonvenient for those who spend some time in E. Switzer- 
land. Charge ■:ird cl.): .VM) kil. {'M)0 M.; valid for G months) 22 fr. 50 c.; 
IfXK) kil. (1 year) J2 fr. ; 200<J kil. (1 year) 78 fr. The .^)00 kil. tickets 
are available for the :ird class only, hut lioldciw ..f 1000 and 2000 kil. 
tickets may travel by 2nd or 3rd class. 

XII. History and Constitution. 

Th<' liniitfl of this work preduile more than u brief historical sketch 
of the interesting coimtry the traveller is now visiting, whose inhabitants 
have ever been noted for their spirit of fr«'edom and independence. 

Switzerland in believed to have been llrst peopled by the Bhaeti, who 
were driven from the plains to the mountains by the Ifelvetii, a ('eltic 
tribe. The latter were conquered by the RomuiiH, 58 H. (J., and the Rhaeti 
were subdued in 15 B. (J. The Romans made good military roads over 


the Great St. Bernard (p. 365) to Bale, and over the Julier Q). 472), 
Septimer (p. 471), and Spliigen (p. 466) to Bregenz (p. 506), and thence to 
Bale. The chief settlements were Aventicum (Avenches, p. 272) in the 
Canton of Vaud, Vindonissa (p. 27) at the confluence of the Aare, Reuss, 
and Limmat, Augusta Rauracorum (Augst, p. 26) near Bale, and Curia 
Rhaetorum (Coire, p. 431) in the Grrisons. E. Switzerland as far as Pfyn 
(ad fines) in Thurgau, and Pflii (p. 374) in the Upper Yalais, belonged 
to the province of Rhaetia, while W. Switzerland formed part of Graul. 
The name Helvetii had become extinct even before the time of Constantine. 
Under the Roman sway Helvetia enjoyed a flourishing trade, which covered 
the land with cities and villages. A trace of that period exists in the 
Romanic dialect, which is still spoken in some parts of Switzerland. 

About 400 A. D. a great irruption of barbarians swept through the 
peaceful valleys of the Alps , and Huns , Burgundians , Alemanni , and 
Ostrogoths in succession settled in different parts of the country. The 
Alemanni occupied the whole of N. Switzerland, where Grerman is now 
spoken; the Biirgundia7is the W. part, where French is spoken; and the 
Ostrogoths S. Switzerland, where Italian and Romansch are now spoken. 
These races were gradually subdued by the Franks, who, however, did 
not take possession of the country themselves, but governed it by their 
oflicers. During this period Christianity was introduced, the monasteries 
of Disentis (p. 457) , St. Gallen (p. 67) , and Einsiedeln (p. 132) were 
founded , and dukes and counts were appointed as vicegerents of the 
Frankish kings. 

After the dissolution of the great Frankish empire , the E. half of 
Switzerland, the boundary of which extended from Eglisau over the Albis 
to Lucerne and the Grimsel, was united with the duchy of Alemaymia or 
Stcabia, and the W. part with the kingdom of Burgundy (912). After 
the downfall of the latter (1032) the German Emperors took possession 
of the country, and governed it by their vicegerents the Dukes of Zah- 
ringen (p. 178) , who were perpetually at enmity with the Burgundian 
nobles and therefore favoured the inhabitants of the towns, and were 
themselves the founders of several new towns, such as Fribourg, Bern, 
and Burgdorf. 

As the power of the emperors declined, and the nobles, spiritual and 
temporal, became more ambitious of independence and more eager to fill 
their coffers at the expense of their neighbours, the Swiss towns and the 
few country-people who had succeeded in preserving their freedom from 
serfdom were compelled to consult their safety by entering into treaties 
with the feudal lords of the soil. Thus the inhabitants of Zurich placed 
themselves under the protection of the then unimportant Counts of Hap s- 
burg, with whom the ' Three Cantons ' of Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden 
were also allied. In 1231 and 1240 letters of independence were granted 
by Emperor Frederick II. to Uri and Schwyz , and after Count Rudolph 
of Hapsburg had become emperor he confirmed the privileges of the former 
in 1274, while Schwyz and Unterwalden still continued subject to the 
Hapsburg supremacy. 

After the emperor's death in 1291 the Forest Cantons formed their 
first league for mutual safety and the protection of their liberty against 
the growing power of the House of Hapsburg. Rudolph's son Albert in 
particular endeavoured to rear the limited rights he enjoyed in these dis- 
tricts into absolute sovereignty, and to incorporate them with his empire. 

The ancient cantons therefore embraced the cause of the rival monarch 
Adolph of Xassau , who confirmed their privileges. Victor^^, however, 
favoured Albert, who again deprived the cantons of their privileges, but 
does not appear to have treated them with much severity. To this period 
belongs the romantic but unfounded tradition of William Tell.f 

t The legend of the national hero of Switzerland, as well as the story 
of the expulsion of the Austrian bailiffs in 1308, is destitutci of historical 
foundation. No trace of such a person is to be found in the work of John 


Aft»»r Ih' ••,>n of AllxTt by John of SwaMji in 1308, Emperor 

Hrnry I'll., n 1s(» an oj)|)oupnt of the IlapHhuri^eis , conferred a 

charter of iiuiep»«nilrnce on the Forest Cantons. The Honse of HapHhurfi: 
ref(arde<i thJH am an infrin^'enu'nt of their rifjhtH, and sent a ])owerrnl 
army at^aiuHt theHe cantons, whicli after the death of Henry had declared 
their aiiherenoe to Lewin the Bavarian, the opponent of Frederick the 
H»n«Ui»in»v Thi»» army wan destroyed at Moryartrn (p. 103) in 1315. Sub- 
Be the country to the supremacy of the House 
of . I by the victories of the Swiss at Sonpach 
(p. it) \\\ l.HnH. at S'iiffla y>. 87) in 1388, and at t\\e Stoxs (p. 73) in 1405. 

In the Burgundian part« of the country too the nobility were jealous 
of the increatiin^ importance of the towns, and therefore attempted to con- 
quer Bern, but were defeated bv the citizens at Laupen (p. 261) in 1339. 

In 13&1 a confederacy was formed by ei^'ht independent districts and 
towns, w' lie powerful enoufrh to assume the offensive, and 

at leuk'th (1 the hereditary domain of Hapsbur^ from tlio 

Dukes of Austria, who tried in vain to recover it. 

Even Charlrs the liold , Duke of Burgundy, the mig:htie8t prince of 
his time, was defeated by the Swiss at the three battles of Grandwit 
(1476, p. i«2), Morct (1176, p. 272), and Nancy, while at an earlier period 
a larg'e l>ody of irre^'ular French and other troops, whicli had been made 
over t ' ia by the Kinp of France, sustained a severe check from 

the c<. res at iS7. Jacob on the Birs (1444, p. 10). 

In Ibr Swabian war (14l)9) the bravery and unity of the Swiss achieved 
another triumph in the victory of Dornach (p. 12). At that period their 
independence of the emperor was formally recognised, but they continued 
nominally attached to the empire down to 1648. 

The last-named victory formed a fitting termination to a successful 
career of ♦ i furies, the most glorious in the history of Switzerland. 

At the b»v of the 16th century a period of decline set in. The 

enormous booty captured in the Burgundian war had begotten a taste for 
wealth and luxury, the demoralising practice of serving as mercenary 
troopH in foreign lands began to prevail, and a foundation was laid for 
the reproachful proverb, 'Fas d'argent, pas de Suisses!' 

The cause of the Reformation under the auspices of Zwingli was 
zealously ' 'd by a large proportion of the population of Switzerland 
about th»' iicr of the 16th century; but the bitter jealousies thus 

Hown ' ' inan Catholic and the Reformed Cantons were attend- 

ed wi! iious consequences, and in the civil wars which en- 

sued bloody battles were fought at Kappti (p. 104) in 1531, at Villmergen 
in 1666, and during the Toggenburg war (p. 80) in 1712. 

TraceH of unflinching bravery and of a noble spirit of self-sacrifice 
are observable in individual instances even at the close of the 18th century, 
aa exemplified by the atlairs of Rothnithunn (p. 126) and Stans (p. 147), but 
the national vigour wan gone. The resistance of individuals to the invas- 
ion of the French republicans proved fruitless, and the Helvetian Republic 
was founded on the ruins of the ancient liberties of the nation. In 1803 
Napoleon restored the cantonal system, and in accordance with resolutions 
passed by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 the constitution was remodelled. 
The changes introduced in consequence of the revolution of July, 1830, 
were unhappily the forerunners of the civil war of the Son<ierbund, or 
Separate League, in November, 1817; but this was of short duration, and 
on 19th April, 1W8, a new ?'ki>erai. Constitution was inaugurated. 

of Wlnterthur (Vitoduranus, 1349) or that of C'onrad Justinger of Bern 
(1120), the earliest Swiss historians. Mention is made of him for the first 
time in the Sarner Chronik of 1470, and the myth was subse(|uently em- 
bellished by iDgidius Tschiidi of (ilarus (d. 1512), and still more by Jo- 
hann von MUller (<\. 180fl , while Schiller's famous play has finally secured 
to the hero a worldwi<le celeljrity. Similar traditions ar(^ met with among 
various northern nations, such as the Danes and Icelanders. 



The supreme authority is the Federal Assetnbly (Bundes-Versamm- 
Iting)^ the seat of which is at Bern. It is formed by the union of the 
National Council (National-Rat) and the Council of the States (Stdnde- 
Rat); the former consisting of deputies elected for three years in each 
canton, in the proportion of one tor each 20,000 of the population; the 
latter of 44 representatives of the cantonal governments (2 for each can- 
ton and one for each half-canton). The executive power is deputed to the 
Federal Council (Bundes-Rat) ^ whose 7 members are elected for three 
years by the Federal Assembly and include the President and the Vice- 
President of the Confederation, who hold their offices for one year only. 
The Assembly controls the foreign relations of the Confederation and its 
military affairs, and also enacts laws, subject, however, to the Refer^endmn, 
or vote of the people en masse , an arrangement introduced in 1874. So 
far uniformity has been attained only in certain important branches of 
commercial law. The federal army comprizes the Auszug or Elite, includ- 
ing citizens between the ages of 20 and 32, and the Landtvehr, consist- 
ing of citizens between 32 and 44 years of age. There are annual training- 
periods for recruits, non-commissioned officers, and officers respectively, 
and repetition-courses every 2-4 years. The flag of Switzerland displays 
a white cross upon a red ground. 

Two useful books for the visitor to Switzerland are 'The Rise of the 
Swiss Republic' and 'Romance and Teutonic Switzerland', both by W. D. 

XIII. Area and Population 

according to 

the census of 1st D 







Cantons 1 





Cath. ! 





Aargau . . . 







- — 



Ausser-Rhoden \^ 93,4 

i 57,723 

91 n 


99 „ 


— - 

Tniwr-Rhoden \\ 68,7 


94 „ 

99 „ 



Bdle-campagne . 163 


78 „ 

21 „ 

99 „ 




Bdle-viUe . . 

t! 13,9 


68 „ 

30 „ 

96 „ 


Bern . . 

ii 2659,6 


86 „ 

12 „ : 

83 „ 


Fribourg . 

li 644,4 i 


15 „ 

84 „ i 

31 „ 

68 „ 



St. Gall'en 

;: ^^^'5 1 


40 „ 

59 „ 

98 „ 




;i 107,7 


48 „ 

49 „ 

11 « 

84 „ 


Glarus . . 

'i 266,« 

! 33,211 

76 „ 

23 „ 

99 „ 


ij 2754,1 , 

1 118,263 

55 „ 

45 „ 

46 „ 




iMCerne . 

:; 579,5 

i 166,782 


94 „ 

99 „ 




Neuchdtel . 

i! 312 1 


87 „ 

11 „ 

20 „ 

77 „ 



1 104,2 


97 „ 

97 „ 




! 183,4 



99 „ 

96 „ 







87 „ 

99 „ 




1 58,374 

98 „ 

99 „ 




25 „ 

74 „ 


Thurgav . 

1 381,5 

i 134,055 

70 „ 

28 „ 

99 „ 


Ticino . . 

1 1088 


99 „ 



Ilri . . . 

i! 415,4 



98 „ 

99 „ 




Vnlaift . . 




99 „ 

81 „ 

67 „ 



Vaud . . 

1 1244,5 



8„ : 


81 „ 

Zug . . . 

1 92,2 

i 28,013 


93 „ 

99 „ 


Zurich . . 


500,697 1 

! 87 „ 


99 „ 


Total . . 

15,965 1 





XIV. Comparative Tables of Measures. 





























— . 






















• -^ 
























1.61 ! 












3 22 












i!83 ; 





































1 6 
























, 8 










14,58 ; 

' 9 









32. HI 


16,09 s 










3»>, •:» 


17,70 1 

1 11 











19,31 ' 













1 13 



5,25 1 




















24,13 1 

1 15 











25,74 ; 




6,46 ! 






55, 7 H 






6,87 ' 








28, im 




7,27 ; 

1 18 











7,67 : 

! 19 














i<riiiimi('ti"i(' Scales. 







• ^^ 




















































2 '.♦..>.) 
27, 5«'. 




'A 'i , < *< • 

; , 1 1 1 






30,00 1 



















1 1,67 

1 1.22 




+ 27,22i 
26,11 1 
25,56 1 
25,00 1 
17, 7H 



+ 16,67 































i 2,22 





! 1,78 














11, ir 















9,44 i 

i 0,89 















i 2,22 



















Bale 3 

From Bale to Fliih. Landskron; Mariastein; Blauen, 12. 
From Bale to Bienne and Neuchatel through the Val 
Moutier 12 

From Delemont to Porrentruy. Galerie du Pichoux, 13. 

— From Moutier to Soleure. Weissenstein. Montoz, 14. 

— The Taubenloch-Schlucht. Macolin. Evilard , 16. — 
From Bienne to Bern via Lyss, 16. — Preles. Twann- 
berg. Isle of St. Peter. Cbasseral. Cerlier, 17. 

From Bale to Bienne via Olten and Soleure ... 18 
Bienenberg. Bad Schauenburg. From Liestal to Walden- 
burg. Langenbruck , 18. — The Schafmatt. Eptingen. 
Frohburg. Ramsach, 19. — Salischloss. Lostorf. Fridau, 
From Oensingen to Langenthal, 20. — From Soleure to the 
Weissenstein, 22. — Ober-Balmberg, 23. — From Soleure 
to Burgdorf; to Lyss, 24. 

From Bale to Bern via Aarburg 24 

From Herzogenbuchsee to Soleure, 24. — From Burgdorf 
to Langnau; to Thun, 25. 
From Bale to Lucerne via Olten ....... 26 

From Zofingen to Suhr, 26. 

From Bale to Zurich via Brugg 27 

From Stein to Coblenz, 27. — Konigsfclden. Vindouissa. 
From Brugg to Wohlen, 28. — Gebenstorfer Horn. Ex- 
cursions from Baden: Hertenstein, Baldegg, Burghorn, 
etc., 29. — From Wettingen to Oerlikon, 30. 
From Olten to Zurich via Aarau and Turgi .... 30 
From Aarau to Muri and Rothkreuz. Bremgarten. From 
Aarau to Menziken, 31. - From Aarau to Wettingen. 
Hapsburg. From Turgi to Waldshut, 32. 
From Bale to Schali'hausen and Constance .... 32 
From Singen to Etzwilen. The Island of Reichenau. 
Steamboat from Schaffhausen to Constance, 35. 

The Falls of the Rhine 36 

From Friedrichshafen to Constance. Lake of Constance 38 

The Mainau, 41. 
P'rom Schaffhausen via Etzwilen to Constance, Romans- 
horn, and Rorschach 41 

From Etzwilen to Wintorthur, 41. Holjenklingen. 
Wolkenstein. Arcnenl)erg, 42. 

From Schaffhausen to Ziirich 43 

a. Via Eglisau 43. — b. Via Wintorthur 44. 

Zurich and its Environs 44 

From Zurich to Sargans ("Coirci. Lakes of Ziii'ich and 
Wallcnstadt .55 

Uakoekek, Switzerland. 24th Edition. 













a. Railway from Zflrich vift Thalwil to Weesen and 

Sarj^ans (Left Hank) 56 

The WilgK»-1'al. 67. Bihorlikonf ; Amdeii; Specr, 68. 
— From Muhlehorn over the Kereuzerberj? to Mollis. 
01>8talden. Milrtschenstock. Murgtal. Rottor. Wider- 
Htein-Furk»'l. Muru'soe-Furkol, 6l». - Quarteii. Scebeii 
Lakes. WullriiHtadtluMj?, (iO. — Spitznieilen. Alvier. 
From Mols throu;;h tlio Woisstannen-Tal and Calfcisen- 
Tal to Viittis, r.l. Cronzeii, f.S. 

h. Railway from Zurich to Mellon and Rapperswil 

(Ri^MitBank) 62 

The l*fannt'nsti«'l, «',2. — liUtzelau and Ufenau, G3. 

c. Glatt-Tal Railway from Zurich via Uster and Rap- 
perswil to Zie«;elhru('ke 64 

Fr«»in Uster to Langholz. The Bachtcl, H4. — Ricden, 65. 

From Ziirieh to Komanshorn and Friedrichshafen . 65 
From W nterthur to Waldshiit; to Rilti (TOsstal Railway). 
From S«. l^en to (Jossau, G»). 

From Zurich to St. Gallen, Rorschach, and Lindau . 67 
H6rnii. XoUon. From Winkcln to Appenzell, (57. — 
ExcurHions from St. Gallen; Freudcnberg; Rosenberg; 
Falkenhnrg, FrOlichsegg, etc., 09. — Excursions from 
Rorschach: Mariaberg; Rossbiihl ; Martinstobcl; Mottoli- 
schloHs; We in burg, 70. — Excursions from Lindau, 71. 

From Romanshorn to Rapperswil via St. Gallen, Watt- 

wll, and Uznach , ... 72 

From Wil through the Toggenburt^ to Buchs in the 

Rhine Valley 74 

Excursions from Lichtensteig, 74. -Ascent of the Sjieor 
from Ebnat or Nesslau. From Nesslau over the Kriltzern 
Pass to Urnilsch, 76. 

The Canton of Appenzell 76 

VVolfbalden. GebhardshOhe. drub. St. Anton, 77.— Kaicn. 
VOgelinscgg. O.'lbris, 78. — Stoss. Weissbad, 79. — 
WildkirohJi and P^benalp. Scoalp-See. Filhnern. Kobe 
Ka.Mten. Alpsiogel. Hun(lstein. Altraann. Sentis, 80, 81. — 
From the Weissbad to Wildhaus, 82. 

From Rorschach to Coirc 83 

Thai; Walzenhausen. Meidcgg, 83. — Bcrncck, 84. — 
Vaduz. Alvier. Gonzen. Luziensteig, 86. — Falknis. 
From Landquart to Coire, 86. 

Ragatz and its Environs 86 

K: : MS from Ragatz: Gnschakopf; Pizalun; Valens; 
V^ [»f; Montchina; Piz Sol, 89. — Excursions from 

V;ilU.>^; Rint,'elspitz; KunkeU Pass; Trinser Furka; 
Sardona Club Hut, 89, 90. 

From Zflrich to Glarus and Linthal . !)1 

Raiitispitz; OlM-rsee; Scheye, 91. Scliibl. Fronaljistock. 
Vorder-fJlilrnisch, 92. -Schwilndi. Gberldrgi-See. S.ias- 
ber^'. Kiirj'fstnck, '.>3. - Excursions from Lintbal : liiaun- 
wald ; (Jarida Club Hut; Ueli Alp; Haumgarten Alp; 
Muttsee-Hntte; Upper Sandalp- Tfidi, etc., 94-9«. -- 
From Linthal over the KiHten Pass to Ilan/., 96. 




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23. From Linthal to Altdorf via the Klausen Pass. 
Schachen-Tal 96 

Excursions from the Urner Boden and the Klausen Pass, 
97. — Excursions from Unterschachen, 98. 

24. From Schwyz to Glarus over the Pragel 98 

From Muotatal to Altdorf over the Kinzig Pass, and to 
Stachelherg by the Bisi-Tal, 99. — The Glarnisch, 100. 

25. From Glarus to Elm through the Sernf-Tal ... 101 

From Elm over the Segnes Pass to Films ; over the Panixer 
Pass or the Sether Furka to Ilanz. Foo Pass; Sardona 
Pass; Muttentaler Grrat; Richetli Pass, 101, 102. 

1. Bale. 

Railway Stations. The Federal Station (PI. D, E, 6 ; * Restaur ant), 
a large new building opened in 1907 , is on the S. side of the town. — 
The Baden Station (PI. F, 1; "^Restaurant), at present being rebuilt, is 
on the right bank of the Rhine. — These two stations are connected by a 
Junction Line (8 min.; fares 95 c, 65 c, 50 c), and also by Electric 
Tramway (V^ hr. ; p. 4). Porter for hand-luggage up to 44 lbs. in weight 
30 c. per 1/4 hr., 50 c. per V2 h., 1 fr. after 10 p. m. 

Hotels (in July and August rooms should be secured in advance). First- 
class: *Tiiree Kings (PI. a; D, 2), on the Rhine, 130 beds, R. 41/3-10, P- IV4, 
L. 4, D. 5, pens, from 12 fr. ; *GrR.-H6T. de l'Univers (PI. q ; D, 6), 145 beds, 
R. 4-10, B. 13/4, L. 4, D. 6, pens. 12-16 fr. ; *H6t. Schweizerhof (PI. c; E, 6), 
125 bed's, R. 4-8, B. 13/^, L. 4, D. 5, pens. 12-16 fr. ; *Gr.-H6t. Euler (Pl.b; 
D, 6), 115 beds, R. 4-8, B. 13/^, L. 4, D. 5, pens. 11-17 fr. ; *H6t. Victoria & 
National (PI. d, e; E, 6), 160 beds, R. 31/2-8, B. 13/^, L. 4, D. 5, pens. 
11-16 fr.; the last four near the Federal Station. — Then, in the Central- 
bahn-Platz, to the right: St. GtOtthard-Terminus (PI. o; E, 6), 50 beds, 
R. 2V2-4, B. 11/4, L. 3, D. 3'/2, pens. 8-12 fr.; Hot. Bristol, with restaurant, 
45 beds at 2V2-4, B. IV4, D. 3, S. 2V2, pens. 7-12 fr., good; Hot. Strass- 
BURG & du Nord (PI. u ; E, 6), 55 beds at 2'/2-4, B. IV4, B. 2-3, pens. 8-12 fr. ; 
Hot. Union, Heumatt-Str. 5, 33 beds at 1 fr. 60-2 fr. 40 c, B. 1 fr. — To 
the left: *H6t. Jura (Pl.t; D, 6), 90 beds at 21/2-4^2, B. 1, U. 31/4, pens. 
8-10 fr.; HOT. Hofer (PI. f; I), 6), 50 beds, R. 3-4, B. IVa, !>• 2V2, pens. 
8-12 fr.; Bernerhof & du Parc (PI. g; D, 6), 60 beds, R. 2V2-5, B. IV2, 
1). 3V2, pens. 8-12 fr., well spoken of; Hot. Continental (PI. v; D, 6), 
70 beds, R. 21/2-5, B. IV2, L. 3, D. 4, pens. 9-14 fr. 

In the town: Hotel de l'Europe (PL n; D, 5), 40 beds at 2V2-4, 
B. IV4, D. 2-3, pens. 7-10 fr., well spoken of; Hot. Mi<:tropole & Mono- 
pole (PI. h; D, 4), Barftisser-Platz 3, 80 beds, R. 2^1^-4., B. IVa, !>• •^V2, 
S. 3, pens. 8-10 fr. ; Hot. Central (PI. i; D, 4), 70 beds, R. 2Va-3V2, 
B. IJ/2, T^. 3, S. 2V2, pens. 8-K) fr., well spoken of; *Hot. Bauer au RmN, 
Blumenrain 12 CPl. 1), 2), with terrace on the Rhine, 48 beds at 2Va-f>, 
B. l'/4, L. or S. 3, D. 4, pens. 8-11 f r. ; H6t. der Balances (PI. m; D, 4), 
35 beds at 2«/2-3, B. IV4, D. 3, 8. 21/2, pens. 8-9 fr., good; *Cigoone (PI. k; 
D, 3), 120 beds at 2V2-4, 1). 3, S. 2V2, pcns. 7-10 f r. ; HOt. Harsbukg, 
Steinenberg 19 (PI. 1), E, 4), .30 beds from 2 fr. ; Bi-aukreuzhaus, Peters- 
gra})en 23, 40 beds at I'/'r^Va* I^- l-l'/a, pens. 4-6 fr. (temi)erance) ; HOt. 
& Restaurant Stadthof, BarfUsser- Platz, 30 beds at 2-3Va7 B. 1 fr. ; 
Hauhkk'h Hotkl Garni, I'feninger-Str. H, 20 beds at 2-2Va f r. ; HOt. 
Falkks, Tlieater-Str. 24, 40 beds at IVa'^Va^ B- 1 f'-» very fair.— On the 
right hank: *H6tel Krafft (PI. p; E, 3), 55 l)e(lH at 2'/2-<>, B. I'/a, 1^- •^'/•.i, 
S. 2»/4 fr., H6t. du Pont, 70 beds at 2-3, B. 1, I). 2V2 fr., with restaurant, 


4 / Koi'f'- f ■ BALK. Practical Notea. 

l»oth on tlu> Kliiiif; Hot. i>k BAlk (PI. r : K, 2), 70 hods at lVii-3Vy. B. 1, 
I). 2, pens. f>-7 fr., with a 'Bierstube' (Munich beer); FRKiHUKdKU IIof, 
t'laraPlatz \V\. K, 2), iMl hciU at 2-3, B. 1 fr.; Hot. Schrikdiok (PI. s; 
F, 1). 40 hedM at 2Va-«'l'/«, B. l'/4, D. a f r. , goo<l ; Hot. dk BAVii:KK, 
Hunun.T-Str. »;3 (PI. V, 2), tU) h.'ds at 2Va-:5Va, B. l»/4, D. 2Va-3 f r. — 
Pensions: lUirfjhetr, Holhi<in-Str. 21 (4-8 fr.); J.efebrc, Socfn-Str. 2; 
Limirr, SohUtzri'i-^'rahen 3 (4-6 fr.). 

Rostauninta. .\t many of thf hotoln. Also, Sfadt-Cimno (PI. D, 4), 
with oaft", I), i'/afi-.; Schliixtit/::uiift (Voltliner-Hallc), Freie-Str. 26, good; 
KntiMthaUey see p. 10; Safranzuiift, Gerbergasse 11; Varadiea, Falkner- 
Str. :U ; Alt^ li^n/r/sche liierluilh, StiintMibiM'g 28; Hphleutrnz/tuff, Fioic- 
Str. 50. — T/ki///.vmi Veijetaruin Restaurant, StoiiK'n-Vorstadt 20. — On tho 
right l)ank: Caf^-Rrxtauraut Spitz, \)\ the central bridge, with a terrace 
overbooking the Klunr; lint, dp 7^^^<' ('Bioratube'), see above ; L(nrenl)raii, 
Clara-Str. 2; liunfrof/f, i, Rel)gasse 14 (PI. Pj, 2), with garden; GoebcVx 
Wine RtHmiHy Bahnhof-Str. i:i, WMrteck' Brewery, both near the Baden 
station. — Sommer-Ckisino (PI. F, (i), near the St. Jacoli Monument (p. 11), 
with a pleasant garden; Schiitzcuhaits (PI. B, 4), with old and new ataine(l 
glass; Zoi)lo;/icai (larthn (p. 11); *ReMaNrant & Pens. Waldhaus, in the 
Har<lwal(l, Vj^ M. to tiie E., on tlie Rhine, witli view of tbe Black 
Forest, p»»ns, r.-»;i/j fr. Caf6s. M^tropole, at the Hot. Metro])ole & Mono- 
I)ole (p. 3); Spitz, sts- above. — Confectioners (who sell 'Ba.sler Leckerli', 
small gingerbread eakcs). V. FJsrnring, Heumatt-Str. :i (PI. E, (>) ; Spid- 
mann, Kisengasse .'^; /irtwrf/, Freie-Str. 82; /Spm^r, Freie-Str. Gl ; l^chi('SS<er^ 
.Vfarkt-Platz 19. 

Electric Tramways (fares lO-.'K) c.). 1. From tin; Baden Station 
(PI. F, 1. 2) via the Clara-Platz, Markt-Platz (PI. D, 3), BarlUsser-Platz, 
and Federal Station (Pi. D, »)) to the Giitcr-Strasse {Tell- ] Hat z ; i)evon(l 
PI. F, •'•). — 2. From the Biden Station (PI. F, 1, 2) via the Wettfltein- 
Platz (PI. F, 3), Federal Station (PL D, ('>), and Si)alenring to the Strass- 
Inirqtr AUee {V\. X, 1). — 3. From the Bur (f f eld rr-Strafise (PI. A, 1,2) via 
the .Missions-Str., Barfhssri-Piatz (PI. 1), 4), and Aesclien-Platz (PI. E, F, 5) 
to Hirspiihn (bovond PI. H, 4). — 4. From Klein- lliimnqen (beyond PI. 
K, 1) y\k the Klybcck-Str., Clara-Platz, Markl Platz (PI. 1), 8), BarfUsser- 
Platz, and Au-Str. fPl. C, B, 5, 4) to the AlLsckiciler-Strasae (Morgarten- 
Platz; beyond PI. A, 3). — 5. From the Tell- Platz (beyond PI. F, 6) 
via the AeschenPlatz (PI. E, F, 5), Barfiisser Platz, Markt-Platz, and 
Jcdianniter-BrUcke (PI. C, D, 1) t(» St. Tjudaiq (l)evond PI. C, 1). 6. From 
lh«' IPtrfiinurr- Platz rpl. U, 4) via the Au-Str. (PI. C, B, 5, 4) and Mor 
gnrt.-n-Platz to AUneMril (beyond PI. A, 3).— 7. From tbe Is^tciner-Strafine 
fPI. G, 2) via the Schwarzwald-Allee (PI. H, 1) and Bilnmlihof to Piehen 
(beyond PI. H, 1). 10 'Biit8E(,K Tkamway). From the Aeschen-l'iatz {V\. 
K, F, 5) \'ik Ruchfeid, Neue Welt, MUnehenRtcin (p. 12), and Arlcshoini 
(II. 12) to Dornach CDornachbrugg; p. 12; in V« br., fare 40 c). — 11. From 
the Aeschrn-Plafz (PI. E, F, :")) via Ruchfeid, Reinach, and Noubof to Acseh 
(p. l.T; in :'.2 min., fare 60 c). 

Cabs. Mtttor Cah, for 500 metres (645 yds.), 1-2 pers. 80 c, each 
additional 250 metres (276 yds.) 10 c. ; 8-5 pers., for 350 metres (380 yds.), 
80 c, each addit. 176 m«'tres'(100 yds.) 10 c. ; at night (10-0), for 250 metres, 
80 c, each addit. 125 nu^trus (135 yds.) 10 c. Waiting, 10 e. for every 
2 min., 1 br. :'. fr. Only hand luggage carried (each article over 22 n>s. 
2h c). - Ta.riiiu fc7' (ht), for 10 min., 1-2 |)ers. 80 c., each addit. 2'/« »ii"- 
10 c; 3-4 pers., for 2 min., 80 <•., each addit. 2 min. 10 c. ; at night (lO-i;), 
P/» niin. 80 c, each addit. I'/a '">"• H> c. and 1 fr. extra on tbe whole 
hiring. Waiting 80 c. per 10 min., each addit. 2»/ii min. 10 c. Trunk 
25 c.-- Ordinary Cab, for */< ''r., 1-2 pers. 80 c.; second 1/4 hr. CO, each 
addit. V4 hr. 60 c. ; 3-4 pers. 1 fr. 20 c, second V4 br. 00, each addit. V4 br. 
70 c. From either station into tbe town, 1-2 pers. 1 fr. 20 c, 3-4 pers. 
1 fr. 80 c. ; fronj one station to the othr-r I'/a '^r 27a fi*-* '^^ night (10-()j, 
1-5 pers. for '/g br. 3 fr. 20 c, ♦•ach addit. *l^ hr. 10 c. Trunk 20 c. 

Minster. BALE T.Rontei. 5 

Post and Telegraph OflBce, itiidengasse 12 (Fl. D, 4). Branch- 
offices in the Centralbahn-Strasse (PI. E, 6), etc. 

Baths in the Rhine (PI. E, 3, 4; closed 1-3 p.m.), 1 fr. incl. towels. 
Warm Baths: St. Johann (PL C, 1); Clara-Graben 96 (PI. E, 2); Spalenring 
133 (PI. B, 4). 

Theatre. Stadt- Theater (PI. E, 4, 5), Steinenberg; Cardinal- Theater, 
Fr€ie-Str. 36 (PI. D, 4; variety-theatre). Performances in winter only. 

English Church Service in a chapel at the Three Kings Hotel 
(10.30 and 3). — American Consul, George Gifford, Leonhard-Graben 2. — 
British Pro-Consul,, Carl Osicald, Barfiissergasse 6. 

G-oods Agents. U. M. Crowe (Gt. Eastern Eail,), Dornacher-Str. 22; 
Im Obersteg & Co. (London & S. W. Rail.), Aeschengraben 32; Bronner 
& Co., Gliter-Str. 79. — Banks: Easier Handelsbank, Freie-Str. 90; Volks- 
bank, Gerbergasse 36; Schweizerischer Bankverein, Aeschen-Vorstadt 1. 

Official Enqtdry Office, Falkner-Str. 2 (PI. D, 4; first floor), opposite 
the post-office; information of all kinds. 

Bale,or5aseZ(840'-925'; pop. 133,000), the capital of the half- 
canton Bale-Yille or Basel-Stadt, lies on both banks of the Bhine, 
which, turning to the N., here enters the upper Rhenish plain. On 
the left bank of the Rhine lies Gross-Basel, on two hills separated 
by the valley of the Birsig, through which run the Freie-Strasse 
and Gerber-Strasse, the ancient arteries of traffic. On the right 
bank lies Klein-Basel, with numerous manufactories. The town, 
lirst mentioned in the year 374 as Basilea, lay near the old colony 
of Augusta Baurica (Augst, p. 27), established in 27 B.C. by L. 
Munatius Plancus. In the middle ages Bale was a free town of the 
Empire, and it has been a member of the Swiss Confederation since 
1501. The university was founded in 1460 by Pope Pius II. (iEneas 

Four Bridges cross the river. The Mittlere Bhein-Brilcke 
(PL D, E, 3), a granite structure of 1902-5 on the site of the old 
wooden bridge dating from the 13th cent., is 640' long and 60' 
wide and has six spans; in the middle is a small chapel. Higher 
up is the iron Wettstein-BrilcJce (PL F, 4; 1879), 875' long, with 
three spans; at each end are two basilisks, the heraldic symbol of 
Bale. Below the central bridge is the hve-arched Johanniter- 
Brucke (PL D, 1 ; 1882), 855' in length. A little above the town 
is the bridge of the Junction Railway (p. 3). 

The ^Minster ^Pl. E, 4), a picturesque edifice of red sand- 
stone, with a brilliantly coloured modern roof and two slender 
towers, is conspicuous in every view of the city. Down to the Re- 
formation (1529) it was the cathedral of the old bishopric of Bale. 
Its foundation is ascribed to Emp. Henry II. (1010-24), but the 
oldest existing parts belong to a building of 1185, which was 
seriously damaged in 1356 by an earthquakes and a fire. It was 
then rebuilt in the Oothic style and reconsecrated in 1365. The 
huilding underwent a thorough restoration in tlie llMh eeiilury. 

Of the KoinancHque Htructure the N. portal, or St. Gallus Gafnrag 
(liuilt about 1200), Htill exiHts, and in adorned with RcnlptiiroH: at tlir 
hidch in Hix niches are the workn of cliarity, and at the toj» the LrhI 

<; T. RouU t. HALE. ''A?/~- 

Jtid^intMit. Over tlu' door is a relief leprcseiitiug the wiieel ol' lortunt', 
and hii,^hor up to the ri«rlit, on the roof, are statues of John the Evangelist 
and John the Baptist. The exterior of the Choir, with its round-arched 
arcades, is Romanesque also. The If. Fara<h'y with the towers, the chief 
portal, and two side-entrances, is entirely Goti)ic. The tasteful N. or 
St. George's Toner, ioni|>leted in 1121), is 211', the -S\ or -lS'^. Martin's 
Touir, completed in 1500, 20*;' high. The scnljjtures above the chief 
portal represent tlie Virgin and Child, and under tlieni the Kmp. Henry II., 
with a model of the church, and the Enij)ress Kunigunde; helow are two 
knights: on the left St. George and the dragon, on the right St. Martin. 
The Interior is open free on Mon. & Wed., 2-4; at other times 
(8-f» daily) adm. 25 c. on application to the sacristan (MUnster-Platz 13); 
entrance by the side door on the "\V. below St. Martin's tower; ascent of 
towers 25 c. The church, 213' long and 107' wide, originally consisted of 
nave and aisles, }>ut is now provided with double aisles owing to the 
inclusion of the chajiels. The general efifect is very ini])osing, especially 
when seen from the galleries. The stained-glass windows are modern. 
The beautiful rood-loft of 1381 sujiports the large and excellent organ. 
The pulpit dates from 1 18»>. In the left outer aisle are sepulchral monu- 
ments or the ll-15t'i cent, and (at the end) a relief with tlie martyrdom 
of St. Vincent. The font is of 1165; on the pillar opj)osite is the tomb- 
stone of ihc famous humanist Erasmus of Rotterdam (d. 1536). In the 
transept are late-Gothic choir-stalls, with satirical representations (15th 
cent.). In the retro-choir are monuments of the EmjJiess Anna (d. 1281), 
consort of Rudolph of Hapsburg and mother of Albert I., and of her 
youngest son Charles. The right outer aisle contains a relief of six 
Apostles (11th cent.). In 1431 the great Council began to sit in the 
Minster. It consisted of upwards of 500 clerics, including many great 
dignitaries, whose osttmsible task was a 'reformation of the Church in 
head and members'; but after having debated for years without result 
and been excommunicated by Pope Eugene IV., it was dissolved in 1449. 

On the S. side of the choir are extensive *Cloisters, at the W. 
entrance to w hich from the Rittergasse on the right stands a statue 
of Joannes (Ecolampadius (d. 1531), the Reformer. The vaulting 
of the cloisters is partly Romanesque, partly late-Gothic (1470-90). 
They were restored in 1869-73, and used until 1850 as family 

The 'Concilien-Sual' in the cloisters contains the Bible Collection of 
the Bale Missionary Society, and in the adjoining 'Betsaal' are the rudi- 
ments of a small I'alestine Collection (adm. 20 c). 

The cloisters extend to the *Pfalz, a terrace behind the 
^linster, 65' above the Rhine, planted with chestnuts, overlooking 
the green river and the hills of the Black Forest (view-indicator). 
Near it (Banmleingasse 18) is the house of Joh. Froben, the printer 
(1460-1527), in which Erasmus died in 1536. 

In the Augustinergasse, which descends to the N.W. from the 
Miinster-PIatz, is the Museum (PL E, 3). On the groundtloor, 
to the left, are the Ethnof/raphical Collection^ the Collection of 
RepfileSj and the Prehiftforic Collection (lacustrine remains); to 
the rigbt are the Osfeolof/ical Collection and the Library. On 
the staircase are three large *Frescoes by Bocklin (1868-70), 
representing Gaea, Flora, and Apollo, accompanied by medal- 
lions. The first floor contains the Aula of the University, with 
portraits of 107 scholars of Bale, and the Natural History Col- 

Picture Gallery. BALE. /• Route 1. 7 

lections. The second floor is occupied by the ^Picture Gallery 
(director, Prof. Ganz), chiefly interesting for its paintings and 
drawings by Hans Holbein the Younger (b. at Augsburg 1497, 
d. in London 1543), who lived at Bale in 1515-26 and 1528-32, and 
also for the paintings by Arnold B'ocklin (1827-1901), a native of 
Bale. Adm. free on Sun., 10.15-12.30 and 2-4, and on Wed., 2-4; on 
other days, 9-12.30 and 2-6 (2-5 in winter), fee 50 c. Visitors ring. 
Illustrated catalogue (1910) 1 fr. 

The staircase from the first to the second floor is adorned with 
cartoons by Cornelius., Schnorr , and Steinle; stained glass. At the 
top, at the entrance to the picture-gallery, 15. Rodin, Bronze bust of 
Victor Hugo. — Room I. To the right: 267. Grooth {?), Emp. Joseph II. ; 
404. Landerer, Swiss delegates entering Bale to take the oath of con- 
federation in 1501; 124. BossJiardt, Before the battle of Morat; 265. Grob, 
Pestalozzi at Stans. — 287. Hickel, Burgomaster J. de Bary. — 538. Sar- 
burgh, Agrippa d'Aubigne. — On the left is — 

II. BocKLiN Room. To the right: Feuerbach, *210. Julius Allgeyer, 
the engraver, *211. Idyll; 158. At. Calame, Woodland scene.— 209. Fetter- 
bach, Death of Pietro Aretino; B'dcklin, 113. Portrait of himself (1893), 
114. The Plague, *110. Sacrificial grove (1882), 103. Petrarch at the spring 
of Yaucluse, *112. Life a brief dream (1888), 102. Head of a Roman woman, 
100. Head of a Roman, 95, 96. Mountain landscapes (1849), 98. Woodland 
scene with Pan, *111. Naiads (1886). — 99. 5dcfc?m, Diana hunting (1862); 
Sandreuter, 528. The Rhine near Bale, 527. Chestnut wood near Bignasco, 
523. Ancient Romans keeping watch on a mountain. — Sandr enter , 524. 
Female beauty, *526. The Fountain of Youth, 529. Beech-grove ; Bockliny 
106. Melancholy, *108. Ulysses and Calypso, *104. Mary Magdalen bv the 
body of Christ (1868), *107. Battle of Centaurs (1873), 109. Goths on the 
march, 101. Viola (on slate); 14:Q. Biichser, Reminiscences of war; Gleyre, 
250. Girl luring a bird of paradise, 249. Pentheus pursued by the Maenads. 
— *613. Hans Thoma, The Albtal near St. Blasien; Al. Calame, 159. In- 
terior of a wood, 161. Wetterhorn. — Sculptures. Above, 4. BocJclin, Five 
original models for the stone masks on the garden-facade of the Kunst- 
halle (p. 10); *12. Hoffmann, Youth ; 2.b. A.Volkmatin, Marble bust of Jacob 
Burckhardt (1818-97), the writer on art; 11. Ad. Hildcbrand, Bronze bust 
of Bocklin; 10. Hecr, My grandfather (bronze bust). 

III. Ante-Room. Bocklin, 120, 119, 116, 123, 121. Drawings, 94. Luise 
Schmidt (first wife of the artist, 1849), 97. Rocky landscape, 93. Prof. Jakob 
Mahly (1848); paintings and sketches by F. Buchsei' (p. 22). — Room IV 
contains the collection of engravings, where the exhibits are changed from 
time to time (open Thurs. & Sat. 2-5). — We return to Room I and enter 
to the left — 

V.-VII. Rooms of the Drawings (changed at intervals). In R. V 
are those of the Swiss school of the 16-19th cent., in RR. VI and VII 
those of the North German school of the 15-1 7th centuries. Hans Holbein 
the Younger, 345. Sketch for the picture (no longer existing) of the family of 
Sir Thomas More, Lord Chancellor of England; 346. Portrait of a young 
man; portrait-sketches. 198. A. Diirer, Crucifixion. Good stained glass. 

VIII. Hor>BEiN Room. To the right: Ambrose Holbein, 294, 295. 
Portraits of boys, 296. Portrait of the goldsmith Jorg Schwciger; 317. Hans 
Holbein the Younger, Christ and Mary. — Hans Holbein the Younger: 
316. Last Slipper; 323. Magdalena Orenburg as Venus, in a rich costimu' ; 
*322. The same lady as 'Lais Corinthiaca' (152()) ; 324. Er.'israus of Rotter- 
dam (seep. 6); *314. Boniface Amcrbacli (1519); 315. The Passion, in 
eight scenes; ♦312. Burgomaster Jakob Meyer and his wife (151()); 319. 
Erasmus; 327. Portrait; 303. Last Supi)cr. — 309, 308. Heads of saints.— 
311. Schoolmaster's signboard (1516); *318. Tlie dead Christ, (»f stailling 
realism (1521); 302. Virgin and Child; 320. Portrait of himself; 313. Adam 

S I Route f. HAI.K. ricttnr Gftllrri/. 

and Kvf; 31U. Tho l>atk ot No. 311; *.\'ib. The imiiitor'a wife aud two 
children (152H\- Amhrottf flolhtin, 2iM). Skulls, *293. Poi trait of tho Hale 
painter Hjius Herhstor (151»J). - To the left are — 

Rooms XVI-XVUI 'Modkkn Sw isk anu (Jkkman rAiNTKKs). — Room 
XVI. 525. S(tntirtnttr, Kour-iii-hund. ♦)«;5. Znt in/nucr , Sunset.- 245. 
Ettg. (iironltt, Arah eotTee-housc. Stained j;las8. 

Room XVII. To the right: «;22. Vtillon, Lagoons of Venice. 51M>5. 
Bieler, 5:H)-5:U. Sumlr^utfr, Water-colours; Hit). A. W. Top/fcr, Rustic, 
meal. ♦♦>20. Vaiitier, Rustic debtor. --♦)58. Zubci', Forest-scene in soring-; 
♦UJO. Ziind, The harvest; Kolttr, 398. Horses, *400, *401. Cows.— Sculp- 
tures: A'. Stauffrr, *23. Adt^rinf? youtli, 24. Adrian von Bubenher^- (p. 183; 
bronze statuettes^; 2»>. ZinimcrnKinn, Man and wife; 3(5. W. .1/^/^/rr, Water- 

Room XVIII. First Section: to tho right, 840. A. von Keller , The 
picture-book; 10. Anker, Children's breakfast. — 248. Giro)i, Girls of the 
Valais; no number. K. Stauffer, *Portrait of a village magistrate (1880) ; 
5«8. StCibli, Convent near ZUrich; *570. Stan/fer, Gustav Freytat;. - *5r)3. 
Segantini, Cattle watering. -845, Stahli, On the Aniper; 11. AnLrr, The 
villjjge apothecary; 232. Friniifhtr, Autumn landscape; no number, /♦-'. 
SrhiU, Orchard. In the centre, 35. A. C. Angst, The awakening (marble). 
-Second Section: to the right, *«)12. //. Thoma, Scene in Bernau, in the 
Black Forest. -49. Baud-Born, The Wilde Fran near the Oeschinen-Seti; 
15»». liuri. The politicians; 172. Colombia Winter landscape ; F. Ilodler, 
no number, Communion with the Intinite, 289. Episode from the battle of 
NaefeU (p. 91). *157. liitrnand, Return from the Al}).- Returning to 
R. VI we pass to the left into R. XI. Here we turn to the left, through 
Ro(»m X, and nroceed past Itnhofs statue of Rebecca to Room IX (the 
farthest to theN.), with paintings hy Ernst St iickelbcrg, of Bale (1831-1903). 

X. CoNKAO WiTZ Room. 473. Upper Rhenish School (1457), The 
Rosary. — ♦H39-47. Conrad Witz (d. 1447), Wings of a large altar-piece 
(1444; see p. 288). 20>'). Alsatian School (early I'Jth cent.), Holy Family; 
4t>3, 4K4. Vpjtir Gmiian School (15tli cent.), Scenes from the Passion. 
— Hans liahhnig (jrien, 1<». Nativity, 17. Crucifixion, *18, *19. Scenes 
from the Dance of Death ; *2«)9. Matthias Griinewald, Crucifixion; 580. 
B. Strige/. St. Anne, the Virgin, and Child; 177, 177a. L. Cranach the 
Elder, Luther and Catherine von Bora. — 469. Upper German School 
(15th cent.), Pius Joachim. 

XI. Manip:!, Room. *1. Antique head of Apollo, in maible (the so- 
called Steinhiuser Apollo). 419-424. Pictures by Nic. Manuel, surnamed 
Deiitsch M484-1630); 389, 390. Kkiber, Hans Rispach and bis wife (1552) ; 
457. Xethf^ liurgiifidian School (ca. 1.500), Jacques of Savoie, Count 
of Romont; 234. Hans Funic, Portrait (1524). — 2. Anticjue head of Her- 
cules, in marble (replica of the Farnese Hercules at Naples). Opposite, 
//. Holbein the Voufiger, 304-7. Scenes from the Passion, 357. Joannes 
Frobenius. the printer (p. (>); 470. Upper German School 0*'th cent.), 
Deseent from the Cross. 

XII. Stimmkk Room. 12. Asper, Joannes (Ecolampadius (p.«); *57T. 
*678. Tnb. Stiun/ier, Jac. Schwitzcr and his wife (15C)4). 435. Matth. 
Merittn the Younger, H.J.Mliller (1047). — 212. Govaert Fli}ick, Golgotha; 
129. Brukenburgh, Peasant-scene.- 259, 260. Ant. Graff, The painter and 
his wife. — 236. /'V/Wj, The treasure-seeker.- Sculpturt's: 18. Ferd. Schloeth, 
Janon with the Golden Fleece; 3. Greek head of an athlete. 

XIII. Room of thk Bikmann Coi.i-kction. <)36. Weoiix, Roman land- 
scape. 520. S. van liui/sdnrl, Landscape with cattle; *535. IHrlc van. 
Snndvoort, Strolling singer; 302. Uouthorst, Hunt for fleas; 638. Thorn. 

Wyck, Tavern-scene. 454. Neefs , Church interior; 513. G. Rorubotds, 
Wooded land3»:ape. — r)25. Fleuiinh School (<'arly 16th (;ent.). Adoration of 
the Magi; 445. Sir A. More, Portrait. - 139. /'. Brueghel the ]'ounger, J(din 
the Baptist preaching; Tenters the Younger, r,08. Peasant-scene, 007. 
Peasant interior, ♦".09. Music in a tavern, r.lo. Smoker; .561. J. van Scorel, 
Portrait of David Joris, the Anabaptist. 76. Herri met dr Bh n. Kepose 

Historical Museum. BALE. I- Route 1. 9 

on the flight into Egypt. In the passage to K. XIV: 441. W. van Mieris, 

XIV. Room of the Romanesque Schools. 213. Florentine School 
(after 1470), Coronation of the Virgin. — 511. Tintoretto, Pieta; no number, 
English School (early 19th cent.), Portrait of a lady. — 171. Ph. de Cham- 
palgne, Portrait of a counsellor of the French Tarlement'. 

XV. Room of the Linder Bequest. Pictures by C. I. Lessing, Leoj^. 
Robert (p. 259), Ed. von Steinle, Joh. von Schraudolph, Fr. Diday, Lud- 
icig Richter, Schnorr von Carolsfeldy and others. — Exhibition of drawings 
by modern artists (changed from time to time). 

To the N. of the museum, in the Martinsgasse, is the handsome 
courtyard of the 'Blue House', with a fine wrought iron railing 
(1761); opposite rises the new building of the State Archives, with 
a Romanesque courtyard, and close by is the plain Gothic Church 
of St Martin (PL D, 3).— The Rathaus (PI. D, 3), or Town 
Hall, in the Markt-Platz, was erected in the Burgundian late- 
Gothic style in 1508-21 and restored in 1900-3 (adm. 8-12 and 2-6, 
1-2 pers. 50 c, 3 or more pers. 20 c. each; free on Sun. and holi- 
days 10-12). By the flight of steps in the court is a Statue of 
Munatius Plancus (p. 5), erected here in 1580. The Government 
Hall contains fine panelling and old stained glass with coats of arms, 
and the new Council Hall is adorned with three wall-paintings 
from the history of Bale by E. Schill. — In the Fischmarkt (PI. D, 3) 
is the new Exchange (1908). The late-Gothic Fischmarkt-Brunnen 
dates from 1467. 

In the courtyard of the Smiths' Guild, Grerbergasse 24 (PI. D, 4), is a 
statue of the philosopher Isaak Iselin (f 1782), the founder (in 1777) of 
the Bale Society for the Promotion of the Common Welfare, which meets 

The huge Barfusser-Kirche (PL D, E, 4), of the beginning 
of the 14th cent., with a lofty choir, has since 1894 contained the 
^Historical Museum (curator. Dr. E. F. Burckhardt), one of the 
chief collections of the kind in Switzerland (Sun. 10.30-12.30 and 
2-4 and Wed. 2-4, free; other days 8-12.30 and 2-6 in summer, 
10-12.30 and 2-4 in winter, fee 50 c. ; closed on Mon. mornings 
and holidays; printed guide, 1906, 50 c). 

Nave. Architectural fragments and sculptures from the churches and 
secular edifices of Bale, e.g. St. Martin, from the Minster (p. 5). To the 
left, the so-called Holbein Fountain (p. 11). Above St. Martin, the ^Ldllen- 
kf)nig\ a curious piece of mechanism, formerly on the exterior of the 
tower (removed in 1841) of the Rhine bridge; when the clock struck, 
the head stuck out its tongue and rolled its eyes. — The adjoining Col- 
lection of Weapons contains the chief curiosities of the arsenal of Bale: 
handsome weapons, tent of 1687, guild-banners, etc.; interesting cannon, 
including au iron bombard from the Netherlands (147-1) and a finely 
ornamented tw(;lve-pounder (1514); Bale uniforms, trophies <tf war. Next 
come fine specimens of Smith^H and LockHiniUVs Work. lHo the right 
and left of the nave, in the aisles, is a series of furniKlHid rooms. To 
the right of the entrance: *1. Room from the Spiesnhof (KJOl), with 
panelling and a large bed; 2. Hall from the Sjneanhof {c^. l.'iHO), with 
fine cabincrts and doors and the fdd BA,le council-tahic; ;5. Room from the 
Strn.Hnburgrr Hi,f 'iv.i. ir.oo); *4, Difiing Roo/ii of Cnavcillitr [mcN n (UM)1), 
with beautiful panelling; 5. Rootn from Schinjz (cu. UVM)j, with heavy 

10 T. Route t. HALF. Knnsthalfc. 

coffered ceiliuK; <>. Hoo/n from the llaus zum Cardinal (ca. 1540). — We 
now cross to the other siile of tlio nave. 7. Old Kitchen; 8. Sch<^nau liooni 
from the C'h;iteau of Oeschgen (17th cent.); i^- Gothic Room (loth cent.), 
with a large bedstead and other (rothic fnrniture; 10. Rococo Room (ca. 
1700); 11. yeustiicK' R(H)m (1787), with a collection of models of gates of 
BAle and of neighbouring^ castles. 

Tlie (hoik contains ecclesiastical antiquities. To the left, Fiagments 
• >f the * Death Ikinre of B\le, a fresco which once adorned the wall of 
the Dominican burial-ground (taken down in 1805), painted al>out 1140; 
Itells of the l:i-17th cent.; tine choir-stalls of \b*d%\ Carved Altar a of the 
15-l»Uh centuries. On the high-altar, Altar of St. Maria Gdanca, in the 
Grisons (1612); behind it, cast of the golden ante])endium presented to 
the Cathedral of Bale by Emp. Henry II. (1018), which, along with other 
objects of value, was assigned to Bale-Campagne at the division of the 
canton in 18;5.s and forthwith sold (now in the Must^e de Cluny at Paris): 
to the rii;ht. Votive Tablet of the Duchess Isabella of Bdnjundy (143»)i 
in enamelled bronze; wirved ass on which an image or Christ was carried 
about. — On the left is the entrance to the Tkeasukv, which contains 
reliquaries, monstr.'xnces, crosses, and chalices of the 13-18th cent.; cups 
and goblets belonging to the University (lO-nth cent.); handsome j)Iate 
of the guilds and Trade-companies of Bale. Three Swiss daggers with 
silver-gilt sheaths (It'ith cent.); dagger, cup with a lid, and hour-glass of 
Erasmus of Rotterdam (p. 6). Arms of Hans Holbein, painted Ity liimseU". 
Excjuisite Gothic cabinet (ca. 1500); j)atent of nobility issued by Emp. 
Frederick III. (1442). 

We now return to the nave and ascend the staircase to the right to 
the Galleries of the aisles. Tapestry; embroidery. — Fans; Bale and 
other Swiss Costumes of the 17-18th centuries. — In the former organ- 
gallery is * Stained (,'lass: Crucifixion, Ecce Homo, and Mater Dolorosa, 
executed under the intluence of Holbein; St. Wolfgang and St. Christopher. 
Here also and on the other side-gallery: porcelain, fayence, glass, pottery, 
tin-ware, works in leather, toys, moulds for pastry, armorial windows. 

— Weights and measures of the 14-18th cent. ; staves for the olficers of 
justice, judicial swords, executioner's dress, old views of the town. — We 
now descend to the nave and from the end of the right aisle enter the 
Court, which contains a fountain with a tigure of Neptune of 170G, an- 
cient columns, Roman and Gothic architectural fragments, railings in 
hammered iron, and other objects. — In the house opposite the exit to the 
left, in three rooms on the 1st Hoor, are the old musical instruments and 
the Roman and Alemannian antiquities. 

Near the Historical Museum, in the Steinenberg, arc the Theatre 
(P1.E,4,5), opened in 1909, and the Kunsthalle (Pl.E, 5; adm. 
free on Sun., 10.15.-12.30, and Wed., 2-4, at other times fee 50 c; 
closed in summer), built in 1S70-72. The latter contains on the 
;^roundtloor the collection of the Bale Society of Art (pictures by 
B^cklin, Burger, Roller, Sandreuter, Sttickelberg, and others); 
various exhibitions are held on the first floor. On the garden-fagade 
('entr. in the Klostergassc, to the right) are a sgraffito frieze and 
stone masks by Borklin (1^71). The restaurant contains mural 
paintings by BrUnner. In the garden is a room with sculptures. 

— In the Elisabethen-Strasse is the St. Elisabethen-Kirclie 
(Pi. E,5: adm. 25 c; sacristan, Klisabcthen-Str. 16), built in tlie 
(lothic style in 1857-65 by C. Kiggenbach, with beautiful stained- 
glass windows and a tower 231' high (ascent 25 c.). — In the prome- 
nades, near the station (PI. E, 6), is the Strassburg Monument, 
a marble group by Barth.oldi^ of Paris, erected in 1895 by P»aron 

University. BALE. I- Route l. jj 

Herve de Grayer in memory of the assistance rendered by Switzer- 
land to the aged and the women and children of Strassburg during 
and after the siege of 1870. 

The S.E. Suburbs are occupied by the richer classes. From the 
St. Alhan Gate (PL G-, 5), in this quarter, the promenades of the 
St. Alban-Anlage and of the Aeschengraben extend on the site of 
the old ramparts to the railway-station. The old ^S'^. Alhan's Con- 
vent (PL F, 4) has fine Romanesque cloisters. The Monument of 
St. Jacob (Pl.F, 6), by F. ScJiloeth, erected in 1872, commem- 
orates the heroism and death of 1300 Confederates who opposed 
the Armagnac invaders under the Dauphin (afterwards Louis XL) 
in 1444. Beyond, to the right, is the Sommer-Casino (p. 4). 

Tn the W. Quarter, in the Spalen Suburb (PL C, 3, 4), is the 
Spalen or Holhein Fountain, with a relief of dancing peasants 
and the figure of a bagpiper, said to be after Holbein. The 
Spalen-Tor (St. Paul's Gate), erected about 1400, is the hand- 
somest of the remaining gates of Bale. The Mission House (PI. 
B, 3), Missions-Str. 21, is the central oifice of the Bale Mission, 
founded in 1815, and contains an ethnographical collection, mainly 
from the E. Indies, China, and W. Africa (adm. free, on application 
to the porter; catalogue 1 fr.). In the Schonbein-Str. (PI. C, 3) are 
the Botanic Garden (open daily from May to August, 7 a.m. 
to 8 p.m.; adm. to the hothouses 50 c, free on Sun., 9-12, and 
AYed., 2-5), with the Botanic Institute of the University, and the 
University Library, built by La Roche in the baroque style 
(1894-96). The latter contains 250,000 vols, (including many in- 
cunabula) and 4000 MSS., mainly from the time of the Council of 
Bale (p. 6j and the Reformation. The exhibition-room on the first 
floor is open daily, 10-12.30 and 2-5; the reading-room is open 
9-12.30 and 2.30-7 (on Sat. till 5). Near it are two other modern 
buildings belonging to the University: to the S.E. the Vesalianum 
(V\. C, 3), or institute for anatomy and physiology (anatomical col- 
lection accessible on application to the keeper); and to the N. the 
BernouUianum (PI. C, 2, 3), for physics, chemistry, and astronomy. 
— In the Hebel-Strasse (No. 5) is the house (tablet) where the Ale- 
njannian poet J. P. Hehel (1760-1826) was born. A monument, with 
a bust by Max Leu, was erected to him in 1899 in front of the 
Church of St. Peter (PI. D, 3). 

To the N.W. of the Federal Station, in the Steinen-Ring, rises 
the Church of St. Paul (V\. B, 5;, a handsome domed structure 
in the Romanesque style, built in 1898-1901 by Curjel and Moser 
(adm. 20 c, 3-10 jxirsons 50 c, tower 30 and 50 c. ; sacristan, 
Bachletten-Str. 15, PL C, 6). 

The Zoological Garden (JM. B,C, 6; Rrsfauranf), on the 
Birsif/, ccintains ;i large number of animals ('open 7-7; adm. 50 c. ; 
concerts on Sun. afternoons, 25 c.;. 

t-J T. Route i . 

III Kh'in- Basel ip. 5) is thr Church of St. Matthew^ (1*1. 
E, 1), built in the Gothir style by Henry of lireslaii in ISDG, with 
ji tower 240' hit^h. — About ^1^ M. to the N. of the Baden Station 
(PI. F, 1), on the Wiesf^ is the Erlen-Park, much frequiMited on 
Sun. (restaurant, no tea or cotl'ee). 

Fkom Bale to Hookksdokf, 10 M., electric narrow-gauge railway 
('Bii-8igtall>Hhn') every •/„ lir. in oO niiii. (1 fr. 70 or 1 fr. 20 c). Tlie trni'n 
starts from tlio Binningor-Strasse (PI. I), 5). Stations: 1 M. [iinuiiKjcn 
(Hirsoh\ a largo village (61.'{5 inhai).) with the church of ISt. Maviiaret 
(to the left; tine views) and the \>o\)\x\b.\- Mavgarethen-rark {Q.'iiU^)\ l^j^^^- 
Bottmiufjer-Muhh' ; 2 M. Bottnnmien, with the ^Schloss-Hotel Bottnilnf/CH 
(40 l)etl8 at I'/j-y, B- 1» I^- 2V-2, pens. U-7 fr.), a favourite resort of the 
citizens of Bile; 8 M. OhtruAl (Hot. Krone), with a jjarquetry-factory ; 
1 M. Therwil (1015'; Hot. Rimli; diligence to Burg, see below, twice 
daily in 1 hr. 2.') niin.), a sul)stantial village in the Lebiicn-Tal. 6 M. 
EttiiKjen (1080'; Bad-Hotel, with a chalybeate spring, pens, from 4V2 fr-) » 
ascent of the lUaU'/nberg, see below. The line then skirts the hills to 
the W. vi^ WltttrxuAl and mttwil to (7Va M.) Fluh (1250'; Bud- Hotel, 
to beds at 2-2^1^, D. 2V'j-')'/.3? pens. 6-(i f r. ; Zur Landskrone Inn), a small 
village with a chalybeate spring, prettily situated in a defile close to the 
frontier of Alsace. Interesting excursion hence to the W. via the Alsatian 
village of Tunturald (KlOO') to the (IVa M.) well-preserved ruin of Lands- 
kron (1790'), the tower of which commands a wide view (key at the 
last house in Tannwald). — A road (diligence twice daily via Mariastein 
to Metzerlen in 55 min.) leads to the S. from Fliih to (IV2 M.) Mariastein 
(1H85'; llof. Jura, HO beds, pens. 4Va fr.), formerly a Benedictine abbey, 
with a fre(|uented pilgrimage-church, picturesquely situated on a steej) 
crag. A spacious rock-cavern beneath the church contains the chapel of 
Mariii im Stain. From Mariastein the Landskron may be reached via Tann- 
wald in 25 min. over the hill. The road goes on to the S.W. beyond Maria- 
stein to Mdzn'len and (2V4 M.) Burg (1150'; Kurhaus Bad Burg, 80 beds, 
pens. 3'/2-4 fr.), a prettily-situated village with a mineral spring and a 
chateau (17o5'; tine view). Diligence to Therwil, see above. From Bad 
Burg a beautiful path through wood leads to the N.E. to FlUh (down IV2 l»i-? 
up 2 hrs.). — The Blauenberg (2745'), which may be ascended from 
Ettinjren (sec above; in I'/a br. or from Mariastein in 1 hr., commands 
a wide prosiiect, extending on the S.E. to the Bernese Alps. — The rail- 
way proceeas viA, (8V« M.) Ldmen to (10 M.) Rodersdorf {V2.'.W), an ancient 
village of Soleure (375 iiiliab.), with ruined castles, at the N. base of the 

A charming excursion may be made from Bale to the church of 
C'rischonn (1725'; view of the Ali)s), reached from Rieheii (tramway, see 
p. 4) or Grenziirh (p. 33) in ca. I'/a br. 

2. From Bale to Bienne and Neuchatel 
through the Val Moutier. 

74»/a M. Railway to Bienne (50 M.) in 2V.r4 hrs. (fares 9 fr. 35, O fr. fiO, 
4 fr. 70 c); to NeuchJitel in 31/4-r, hrs. (fares 12 fr. 40, 8 fr. 70, « fr. 20 c). 
From BAlc to Geneva, express in hrs. (fares 25 fr. 10, 17 fr. GO, 12 fr. 56 c.). 

Bdle f^925'), sec p. 3. The train soon diverges from the Lucerne 
line (\). 20; to the ri;^ht, and nfsir ([\ M.) Miinchenstein n)()0'; Kossli) 

erosses the liira. — 5 M. JJornar-h-Arlcshehn (975'). 

Between the station and the Birs lies Dortiachbrugg (*0ch8, with view- 
terrace and garden ; Hot. Mfdster, at the station), the terminus of the 
electric tramway ('Bir8(M;k-Bahn') from B;lle f(). 4). About 'Vi M. to the 
K. is Arlesheim (1116'; Hot. Lowe, 10 beds at 2'/,i-3, j»enH. 5-7 f r. ; 

DELEMONT. Map, p- 14. — t. Route 2. 13 

Krone, with garden), a well-situated summer-resort with 1600 inhab. ; the 
church is of the 17th century. Above it, on a wooded hill, rises Schloss 
Birseck, once a chateau of the Bishops of Bale, with a park, grottoes, etc. 
(Apply to the gardener at the foot of the hill ; fee.) — About li/g M. to 
the S. of Arlesheim is the picturesque ruin of Dorneck (1645') , with a 
fine view, reached either direct from the station, or via the village of 
Dornach (1096') in V2"V4 hr. From Dornach a winding road ascends to 
the S.E. through wood to the (3^/4 M.) village of Gempen (2230'; Kreuz). 
whence we may ascend the (20 min.) Gempenfluh (or Gempenstollen, 
2510'), with a view-tower 80' in height, commanding an extensive and 
picturesque panorama. 

The train follows the right bank of the Birs. — 674 M. Aesch 
('990'; Herzog-Yogel Restaurant), a village (1055'; Hot. Jura; Ochs) 
on the left bank. The train passes through a tunnel under the well- 
preserved chateau of Angenstein and enters the canton of Bern. On 
a hill to the right is the ruin of Pfeffingen (1645'). — 8^4 M. 
Grellingen (1065'; Bar), with factories (diligence daily in 2 hrs. 
through the picturesque Kaltbrunnen-Tal to the S. to the un- 
pretending baths of MeUingerij 1915', with gypseous springs). 
The train passes through a cutting and crosses the Birs twice. — 
12^2 M. Zwingen (1145'; Station Hotel), with a chateau which was 
formerly the seat of the episcopal governors. 

141/4 M. Laufen (1175'; Hot. Jura, bed IV2-2V2, B. 1, I). 
2-2^2 fr. ; Sonnej bed V/^, B. 1, pens. 5-6 fr.), a small town with 
2177 inhab., lies near the confluence of the Lutzel and Birs. The 
train traverses a narrow, wooded valley. Beyond (16 M.) Bdrschwil 
(Croix Federale) are two tunnels and two bridges across the Birs, 
which is once more crossed beyond (18 M.) Liesherg (1255'). — 
At (21^4 M.) SoyhiereSj Ger. Saugeren (1325'; Hot. de la Gare; 
Restaurant Bellerive), an old village with a ruined castle, the lan- 
guage changes from German to French. At the rocky egress of the 
valley, before its expansion into a broad plain, lies Bellerive, on 
the left, with a cellulose-factory. On a hill to the right is the ruin 
of Vorburg (1720'). 

2474 M. Delemont, Ger. Dehberg (1360' ; "^Rail. Restaurant, 

I). 2^2 ^^M Hot. Faueon, Soleil, both good; Lion -d" Or ; Hot. 

Victoria, Hot. de la Gare-Terminus, 50 beds at 272*3, B. 174, I^- 

3 fr., both well spoken of), is an old town (6200 inhab.) on the 

Some, with a chateau of the former Bishops of Bale. 

Fkom l)Ei>t^;MONT TO P<niuENTKuy, 18 M., railway in 35 min.-lV* br. 
(fares 3 fr. 5, 2 fr. 16, 1 fr. 60 c). — The line traverses the grassy valley 
of the Home to the S.W., via CourfMelle, Courfaiviw, and Bai<secoiir(,, 
to (T'/a M.) O lovelier {U>i'>^' ; Hot. de la Gare ; narrow-gauge line to Saigno- 
legier and La Chaux-de-Fonds, see p. 2r)2). [An attractive expedition may 
l)e made hence to the Q-alerie dti Pichoux, an imjiosing gorge of the 
Some (ca. 4 hrs. tliere and back). We follow the iiighrnad to the E. from . 
th<' station to (V4 hr.) a l)ridge, then turn to the rigiit and proceed via 
JP'rli7ico7jrt to ('V* br.) llndrrveiier (1740'; two inns), whcnc*; we aHcend 
Iho fine wooded glni of the Some to a (40 niiii.) tuniK'l at the Ixij^inning 
f<f the gorge. A\ the fJO niin.) upp(!r end Ih the Lr richon.r fun (2-110'). | 
— The railway next threadfl tliree tiinnelH, the tirnl I'/a W- i" length, 

14 f' Route 2. MOTTTTER. ^>*ow BtUe 

crosses the large viaduct of Oombe-Maran, and reaches (lOVa M.) Ste. Ur- 
MdJine (1G20'; Boiuf, well spoken of\ a picturesque old town in the romantic 
valley of the /)«>«/>.«,' (p.2»')2), with ;i Uoinanosque-dothic churcli and a ruined 
chateau on a lofty rock. Another tunnel, i* M. in length, pierces the Mo7it 
Terribh. lb M.' Courf/enai/ : 18 M. Porrentruy, (ler. Pruntrut (1100'; 
Hot. 'V^rniifiitSf 27 bods, pens. (i-S f r. ; Hot. (In C'heval Blanc; Hot. 
Sationul : Poatc: Hot. Suisne), an old town (7100 inhab.) with a chA-teau, 
in 1529-1828 the residence of the Bishops of Bale (p. 6). Near RecUre, 
HV« M. to tlie W. (diligence from Porrentruy twice daily in 1 hr. 50 niin.), 
are the Grottcs de RkcVtre, with interesting stalactites. From Keclere to 
Saignelt^qifi\ see p. 262. — The line leads hence via (7Va M.) Ddle, the 
French frontier-station, to Biifort and Paris. From Delle we may visit 
the*Grott('ft de }fila)tdr<\, a large stalactite cavern (there and back 2 hrs.). 
The road leads to the left from the station to the Swiss village of Bon- 
court, crosses the (10 min.) bridge to the right, then bends twice to the 
left before it ascends to the right to ('/a hr.) a farmyard, where we engage 
a ^uide (1 fr.). The visit takes about Va hr. Descending the steps at the 
exit, we return direct to Delle station (Va br.). 

Beyond (2i\ M.) Conrrendli?i, Ger. Bennendoj^f {C erf) ^ the train 
enters the -Val Moutier, Ger. MiinHter-Talj a wild, roinantie 
ravine of the Birs, flanked with huge limestone rocks. The line is 
carried thron<2^h these ^Gorges de Moutier^ by means of a series of 
tunnels and cuttings. — Above (2772 ^0 ChoindeZy with a blast- 
furnace and important iron-foundries, we traverse two tunnels and 
reach (29 M.) Roche (1625'; Rossli, good and moderate). The train 
threads live short tunnels in quick succession, then in an imposing 
rocky ampbitlioatre crosses to the right bank of the Birs, where it 
runs throu^^h a series of cuttings in the rock. At the mouth of th«i 
defile the Raiis is crossed. 

31 M. Moutier, Ger. Munster (1745'; Hot, de la Gave, 

moderate*: Coaronne), a few min. to the N.E. of the thriving village 

(1750'; JlV.dii Cerf;Hof. Suisse; Cheval Blanc), with 3088 

inhab., prettily situated on the left bank of the Birs. 

From Moutier to Soleure, ISVa^*? Weissenstein Railway in '74 hr. 
(2nd cl. .'{ fr., Hvd cl. 2 fr. 16 c.). The line ascends the picturesque vallev 
of the Raus to the E. via (3 M.) Cr^mines (2055'; Croix) to (o'/a M.') 
Gfinsbrntinen (2;i70'; inn), at the N. base of the Wtissenstein, the hotel 
on wliich (4220'i may l)e reached hence by a shady road in about 2 hrs, 
(see p. 23). Diligence from Giinsbrunnen. 4 times daily in 3/4 hr. by the 
valley of the Dllnnern (N.E.) to Welschenrohr. — Beyond (lansl)runnen 
the line passes under the Weissenstein by a tunnel 2 M. in length, from 
which it emerges at (7V2 M.) Oberdorf {2120'), and descends in a large bend, 
with a splendid view of the Aare valley and the Bernese Alps, via (lOVaM.) 
iMtmninioil, the gorge of the Geisloch, and (12Va ^0 Ldngendorf to 
(13Va M.) Alt-Solothurn (p. 21). 

The line traverses another very picturesque defile, the Gorges 
de Court y running high above the Birs, and beyond three tunnels 
reaches C35 M.) Court ^^21 90'; Ours; Coiironne). 

Fronj (.'oiirt, or better from B^vilard (see below), a stee]) path crosses 
th«j Mo ntoz (43^)5') to (3 hrs.) Reucherutte (p. 15; guide advisable). View 
similar to that from the Weissenstein. 

We asc«Mid pleasant grassy dales. 30*/2 ^1- Sorvilier (Ger. Sur- 
helett): 38*/2 >i. Mailer ay - Ber ibwd ; 4072 ^1- Beconvilier (Ger. 


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^ Kii^l Mills 

to Neuchdtel. BIENNE. I. Route 2. 15 

Rockwiler). — 42 M. Tavannes, Ger. Dachsfelden (2485' ; Hot, 
de la Gave, well spoken of; Deux Clefs; Brasserie^ good restaurant 
with rooms), a large village (2000 inhab.) near the source of the 
Birs (branch-line to the W. in 35 min. to Tramelan). By means 
of a tunnel 1540 yds. long the railway passes under the Pierre 
Pertuis, a natural opening in the rock, fortified in Roman times 
(inscription), through which the highroad runs. It then descends 
the slope to the right, describes a sharp curve between Sombeval 
and Corgemont, and crosses the Suze or Schiiss. 

4672^- Sonceboz (2150'; Bail. Restaurant; Couronne; 
Cerf)^ the junction for La Chaux-de-Fonds (see p. 262). 

The train again crosses the Suze, passes through the S.W. spur 
of the Montoz (see p. 14), and descends through the beautiful 
wooded valley. 5072 M. La Heutte {2000'); 53 M. Beuchenette 
(I960'; Truite). The line now turns S., and enters the narrow pas- 
sage which the Suze has forced through the last heights of the 
Jura. On the right beyond the first tunnel is a fall of the Suze, and 
on the hill is the ruined chateau of Rondchdtel (1950'). Two more 
tunnels. Pleasant view of the green valley of Orvin to the right, 
with the industrial village of Frinvillier at its mouth (see p. 16; 
picturesque view from the Schlosshiibel). Beyond another long 
tunnel the train crosses the d^ep and wild ravine of the Suze (the 
Taubenloch, see p. 16) by a lofty bridge, and quits the ravine. 
We now obtain a striking view of the rich plains of Bienne, with 
the whole of the Alpine chain from the Titlis to Mont Blanc in the 
distance. AYe then descend vine-clad slopes and thread a short tunnel. 

56 M. Bienne. — Hotels. Near the station : *H6tel de Bienne 
ET Terminus, 50 beds, R. 2V2-4, B. IV4, D. 3, S. 2V2 , pens. 8-12 fr. ; 
Victoria, 40 beds at 2Va-3V2, B. 1, D. 2V2, S. 2, pens. 7Va-10 fr. ; Hot. 
National, 25 beds at 2-3, B. IV4, D- 2V2 fr- ; Hot. de la Gare, 45 beds, 
R. 2-3, B. 11/4, D. 2Va, S. 2, pens. f)-8 fr., well spoken of, Hot. Central, 
30 beds at 2V2, B- 1 fr-, both in the Babnhof-Str.; Croix Bleue, on the 
lower quay, 40 beds at IV4-3, B. 1, D. IVa'S'/afr- — I" the town: *Cou- 
ronne, Kanalgasse, 40 beds at 2-4, D. 3, S. 2Va fr. ; Ours, Nidaugasse; 
Croix Blanche, Burggasse. — Restaurants. Rail. Restaurant (D. 2^l^h.)', 
Hot. Couronne (sec above); Cafd Frangais , Nidaugasse, with garden. — 
Enquiry Office near the rail, station. 

Bienne, Ger. Biel (1450'), is a thriving town (28,000 inhab.) 
with important watch-factories. From the railway-station we pro- 
ceed to the right through tlie Bahnhof-Str., cross the Central-Platz, 
and follow the Nidaugasse to the Castle and the Ring. In the latter 
are the parish-church and some quaint mediaeval buildings and 
fountains. A little to the N. is the Technical Institute. To the 
W., in the Pasquart- Promenade, is the Museum Schwab (adni. 
50 c; free on Sun., Mon., & Thurs., 2-4), containing antiquities 
from lake-dwellings, fine fragments dating from the iron age (La 
T6nc period), Celtic and Roman weapons, implements, coins; in 
the basefnent arc two 'dug-outs' of the lacustrine period (udm. 

\{\ I. H. 2, Map, p. 14. lUKNNE. '''^■'»"' ^^"^« 

30 C.I. The avtMiiU' extends almost to the (G iiiiu.) Lake of Bienne 
(see below; lake-baths and row ini;- boats). Fine view from the 
Pavilion Felsecky above the town on the W. 

Electkic Tramway from the station to the left to Nidnu, with its 
old chateau, and to tin* ri^Ut through the town to Boifjean, Oer. Bozi)uie}i 
(Corf ; Clu'val ; Croix), a thriving; ]>lac(' (2700 inliai).) with watcii-factories. 
A very attractive walk It-ads hence throu^'h tlie *Taubenloch-Schlucht 
(adm. 10 c). watered hy the 8uze, to the (40 min.) hamht of FrliniUi( )\, 
Ger. Frmdlisuart (^see p. 16; llot. de la Triiite and Restaurant des 
Gorges, good trout), ami tlience j)ast the ruin of Rondchdtci to (-'/^ hr.) 
Reuchnu'tte (p. 15). 

A WiRE-RopK Railway .station =74 M. to the N.W. of the federal 
station at Hitnne) ascends every '/a l>r. in 1/4 l>r- (80 e., return-ticket J fr., 
valid also via Evilardi to the health-resort of Macolin, Ger. Ma(/<flht(/(')i 
(ail5'; ^Gr.-IInt. Kiirhaiis, open Mav 20th- Oct. loth, 145 heds,' R. 4-7, 
B. 1«/,, L. 4, 1). 5, pens. 10-16 fr.{ * Hot.- Pens. Bellcvuc, 76 heds, R. 
2-5, li. l'/4, I>. IJ'/a, ^>. 278, pi'"«- ''-10 fr. ; UcBtaurant & Pens. Widmer, 
8 min. to the N.E., on the Evilard road, pens. 4-6 fr., plain but good), 
.situated on the slope of the Jura, .'VV4 M. ahove Bienne, with a Rplendid 
view of the Alps from the Sentis to Mont Blanc. English Church Service 
in July and August. 

Another wire-ro])e railway ascends from Bienne (station in the Quell- 
gaHse, 3/4 ^I- to the N. of the federal station and 2 min. from the Boujcan 
tramway in the Jura suhurh) every Va hr. in 8 min. (60 c, return-fare 
«)6 c.) to the village of Evilard, Ger. Leiibrinf/cii (2315'; *I[dt. DreA Tan- 
nen, with garden and view, 70 heds, pens. ()-8 fr. ; Ifot.-Pcns. Beau-Site, 
30 beds, |)ens. 5-»") f r. ; lldt.-Pen.^. Girard or de la Gare, pens. 4'/2-6 fr. ; 
Restaurant Beauliet/, opposite tlie DreiTaniion), prettily situated iVa^- 
to the N.E. of Macolin. Pleasant excursion hence from the station to 
the left (hlack and white marks) through magnificent pine-woods past 
liisser's spring to (V4 hr.) Frinvillier, and l>y the Taubenloch (see above) 
to (:i6 min.) Bof/Jean, returning by tramway to Bienne (ca. 21/2 hrs. alto- 
gether). — The ascent of the Chasseral (6280') takes 4=V4l>i's- from Macolin. 
The bridle-])ath crosses X\\q Studinatten hill (3515'; tine view) to (I'/a hr.) 
fximboinf/ (1 M. to the left is the Kurh(nt8 Ticainibevfi, p. 17); high- 
road thence via (1 M.) JXesse to (3 M.) N'od^- (3040'), at the S.E. foot of 
the mountain, which may he ascended hence in P/^ hr. hy a good ])ath, 
mostly shadt d. The Mont Sujet or Spitzbcri) (4646'), with a view 
rivalling that from tlie Chasseral, may he ascended from Lamhoing (sec 
above) by a good and well-shaded road in I'/i hr. 

From Bir'nne to Soleure, see p. 24. 

From Biknne to Bern, 21 M., railway in 60-70 min. (fares 3 fr. 66, 
2 fr. 50, 1 fr. 80 c.). —The line crosses the broad Aare Canal lieyond (2 M.) 
Briif/f/ (Hot. du Pont) and the former bed of the Aare before rcacliing 
(6 M.; Buntfnil (\wtr\ at the station). — (',1/4 M. Lyaa (14(;6'; Uaihrau Hotel 
it Refftaurant, R. 2-2V2 fr. ; Poist ; Kreiiz ; UirHch) is the junction of th(! 
lines to Payerm !y. 27H) and to Soleure (p. 24).- H'/a M. Suberff; 11 M. 
Schiipftii ; 16 M. iHii nchen-Bftehsee {}loi. Kiich ; Krone; Bilr). On the right 
the Bernese Alf>s from the Jiingfrau to the Balmhorn become visible, hut 
Hoon again disappear. — !♦) M. ZoUikofen, and thence to (21 M.) Bern, 
see p. 25. 

The train now reaehes the Lake of Bieniie (1415'; O'/g iNJ. 
long, 2'/2 ^1- Ijroadj and skirts its vine-elad W. bank, aflbi'dinn; in 
clear weather a tine view of the Bernese Alps. — 59 M. TUsdierz- 
Alfermte. Beyond iXiVj^ M.j Donannej Cicr. Twann (1435'; Hot. 
Ours, ^ood : Restaurant Miirset), we pass a pretty fall of the Tivann- 
harh (usually dry in the middle of the summer). 

to Neuchdtd. NEUVEYILLE. Map. p. 260. -i. R. 2. t7 

A road ascends hence (diligence twice daily in 2 hrs. ; wire-rope rail- 
way from Grleresse under construction; pedestrians should follow the path 
through the picturesque gorge of the Twannhach) via Lamboinq (p. 16) 
and Diesse to (6 M.) Proles, Ger. Pragelz (2690'; '^Hot. Mo7it-'Souhait, 
55 beds, pens. 5-8 fr.), situated on a terrace preceding the Chasseral, with 
a splendid view of the Alps, the Lake of Bienne, etc. A picturesque 
road leads also from Gleresse to Preles in IV4 hr. — Farther to the N., 
11/3 hr. above Douanne (carriage, ordered beforehand at the hotel, for 
1 pers. 4, 2 pers. 6 fr.) is the *Kurhaus Tivannherg, or Mont de Douanne 
(2865'; open March-Dec, S5 beds at 2-2 V2, D- ^Vg? pens. 41/2-6 fr.), also with 
a beautiful view. Hence to Macolin (p. 16), l^U hr, ; to the top of the 
ChjxsseraZ (see below), 3 hrs. 

62^/2 M. Gleresse, Ger. Ligerz (Rail. Restaurant). 

To the left, in the lake, lies the wooded Isle of St. Peter (1430'), 
now connected on the S. side with the mainland near Cerlier. Rowing- 
boat from Gleresse in 20 min., there and back 4 fr. ; steamboat from Neuve- 
ville in 25 min., there and back 1 fr. The former monastery is fitted up 
as an inn (R. 2-21/2? B. 1 fr.). Rousseau spent two months here in 1765; 
his room, now in a dilapidated condition, is shown at the hotel, and his 
bronze bust was erected on the old landing-place in 1904. 

65 M. Weuveville, Ger. Neiteyistadt {Hot. du Faucon, R. 
2-272, pens. 5-7 fr., good; Hot. du Lac; Pens. Villa Carmen, 
24 beds, pens. 5-7 fr., well spoken of), a pleasant little town (2400 
inhab.), with several boarding-schools for boys and girls. The 
post-office, opposite the station, contains a historical collection, 
including a boat of the lacustrine period, Burgundian guns of the 
15 th cent., etc. (adm. 50 c). On the Schlossherg (1750'), 20 min. 
above the town, rise the picturesque ruins of an old castle of the 
Bishops of Bale (no adm.; iSne view from the road below it). An 
erratic boulder 10 min. higher, to the right of the road, bears an 
inscription to Lord Montagu, a benefactor of the town. 

From Neuveville the ascent of the ^Chasseral (5280') is made in 
4 hrs. by a road (diligence to Lignieres twice daily in IV3 hr.) running 
via (IV2 M.) Landeron to (4=^4 M.) Lignieres (2650'; *H6t. -Pens. Beaii- 
Scjour, 22 bods, pens. 5-6 f r. ; Hot. -Pens, de la Poste; Pens. Bourguignon), 
a summer-resort (view of the Alps from the Uri-Rotstock to Mont Blanc), 
whence a road ascends to the (21/2 hrs.) Hotel du Chasseral (5100'; 30 beds, 
pens. 6 fr.). — Pedestrians from Neuveville follow the new path ascend- 
ing to the left from the Schlossherg, through the picturesque Pilouvi 
gorge, to (1 hr.) Lignieres, then diverge to the left from the Nods road 
(see p. 16) at (V4 hr.) Le Moulin (2680'), and in 20 min. turn to the right 
towards the Hot. Chasseral, which is reached in \^j^ hr. by the road. - 
The view from the Signal (5280') on the top of tiie Chasseral (20 min. 
from the hotel) embraces W. Switzerland, the Black P^'orest, the Jura, and 
the High Alps. --Ascent of the Chasseral from Macolin (4'7, hrs.), see 
p. 16; from St. Imier (easiest; 2V2-3 hrs.), see p. 262; from IVeles or 
7'wannherg ('.i^U hrs.), sec above. 

The old town of Cerlier, Ger. JMach {Hot. Erie, 11. IV2 fr-. B. 90 c, 
I). 2-2»/.i fr.; /rot. (In Port, R. 2, B. 1, D. 2 fr.), with 848 inhab. and an 
old chateau (now a reformatory for boys), lies opj;osite Nenveville (steam 
boat in 10 min.), at the N. basfj of i\n\ JoUniont (1980'; V2 '"O^ •'•^ ciianning 
jtoint of view. On the top are the 'Heidensteine', a gion)! of large erratic 
bouMers of Arolla gneiss. -On the E. bank of the lake, at Lilschrrz, and 
at M/h'igen, farther to tin; N., many remains of lake-dwellings have iM-m 

Near (66V2 M.) Landeron- Comhes (Hot. de la Poste) we quit 

Hakdkkkk, Switzerland. 2411) Edition. 2. 

IS l.Houtr.i. LIKSTAL. From lUdc 

the lijike of Bii'inu^- tho little town lies on the loft, near the influx 
of the 77jie/(' tor Zihl) Canal into the lake. — iWj.^ M. Ch^essier ; 
69 M. Cornauj\ — Tunnel. Near (72 .M.) aS/. Blaise tlie train reaches 
the LoA*' of Neurhdfel (p. 257). ~ 7472 M. Neuchdtel (p. 257). 

3. From Bale to Bienne via Olten and 


01'/, M. Raii.uav ill L"/a--l 'irs. (fares 9 fr. 40, )i fr. <;0, 4 fr. 70 c). 

Bdle (925'), see p. :\. The train crosses the Birs. 3 M. Muf- 
fenz (930'). On the Rhine, 1 M. to the N.E., is the Hotel Sidhad 
Schweizerhalle (pens. 4-() fr.j, with well -equipped saline baths 
(direet supply from the salt-works) and a line garden. — 5 ]\l. 
Pf'affeln (960'; Railway Hotel), the junction for Zurich (p. 27). 

The line quits the valley of the Rhine, enters the Jura Mts., 
and f<dlows the left bank of the Erijolz. Near (8 M.) Nieder- 
Seh'cjnthal- Fre)ikendorf (1025'), on a hill to the right, lies 
/^re/«/tT/i(/or/*( 1115'; AVildenmann, pens. 4^2 fr.; Lowe; Rebstock), 
a sheltered h»'alth-resort. 

9V2 >!• liiestal flOSf)'; Hot. & Solha<l Falken , with saline 
baths and garden, 70 beds, R. 2-21/2, B. 1, D. 272, pens. 5-8 fr., 
good; Efif/elj 30 beds at 2, B. 1, D. 272, pens. 5-6 fr., good; Sonne; 
Ilof. Bahnhofy R. 172? ^- 1 ^^'-i ^^^'^1 spoken of), in a sheltered 
situation on (he Ergolz, with 6192 inhab., is frequented as a health- 
resort and for its saline baths. It is the seat of government of the 
canton of Basel-Land or Bfile-Campagne. In the town-hall (16th 
cent.), which contains an interesting council-chamber adorned with 
stained glass, is preserved the golden cup of Charles the Bold, 
found in his tent after the battle of Nancy (1477). The govern- 
ment-offices contain the Cantonal Mnseunij with collections of 
natural history, antiquities, and coins A statue of Gcorrj Her- 
rrpfjli (d. 18751, the poet, was erected near the station in 1904. 

On the Schleiteberg (1990'), 1 hr. above the town to the N.E. 
(raarkf'fl path; load-indicjitor, at the station), \h an iron view-tower 98' in 
height, commanding a splendid panorama (restaurant on Sun.; adm. L'O c). 

About 4'/3 M. to the N.W. of Liostal is the *Kurhau8 Bienenberg 
(1415'; 100 b»'dH, pens. 4'/ii-^ f'O^ with salt-baths, a gjirdon, and a tine view. 
and about I'/a -^I- beyond it (earr. from Liestal station, to be ordered 
beforehand, 5-8 fr. with luggage) is Bad Schauenburg (1595'; *B<id- 
ffotfiy UiO beds, pens. ')-! fr.), a frequented health-resort, with saline 
baths, in a sheltered situation amid pine -woods, below the ruin of 
Schatienburg (1980'; *Vi«'w). 

To Waldknbuko, 8'/aM., narrow-gauge railway in 50min., through the 
Frenkeyi-TnL - ^/, M. AUMarht. rV, M. Uubevdorf {WW) , with salt 
baths. ^The village with its ruined caslb; lies 1 M. to the S.W.) — 8^4 M. 
Lanipt nhrrtf ; 5 M. ffiihf.cift fHlO'), in a narrow part of the valley, with 
a manufactory of watclies. Passing yUdrrdorf and Oberdorf, we reaob 
(8'/, M.j'Waldenburg M700'; Lour; Sr.hl iiHsrl), a little town (1100 inhab.) 
with a ruined chateau and a wateh-faetory. A diligence plies hence (4 times 
daily in 50 min.) to (S'/i ^1) Langenbruck (2340'; *Kurhau8, with saline 

to Bieune. SISSACH. I. Route 3. 19 

baths aud a park, open May-Oct., 100 beds at 2V.2-3V2? 1^- IV4, D- 3-4, 
S. 2V25 pens. 6V2-9 fi"- ; Hot.-Petis. Waldeck ; Ochs, |)ens. 5 fr. ; Biir, pens. 
4-4Va fr. ; Pens. Erika, 30 beds, pens. 6-6 fr. ; Pensions Schneider, Linde, 
Post, Alt-Bechhurg, BachtJialen, Durstel), a health-resort finely situated 
amidst wooded hills. Excursions: to the E. to the Schwengifliih (3215'; 
1 hr.) and the *Bdlche?i/luh (3616'; I1/2 hr.), to the S.W. to the Roggenfluh 
(3275'; 2Va hrs.), and to the N.W. to the *Passwang (3960'; 2V2 hrs.), all 
of which are fine points of view. To the S.E. there are roads descending 
via Bdrenwil to (6 M.) Hdgendorf (p. 20; footpath via the interesting 
DeviVs Gorge), and via Friedau (p. 20) to (67a M.) Egerkingen (p. 20; 
diligence twice daily in IV4 hr.). Another road (diligence twice daily in 
50 min.) leads to the S.W. via Holderbank and the ruin of Neii-Falken- 
stein to (5 M.) Balsthal (1650'; Rossli; Kreuz ; Bahnhof), and a railway 
runs thence through the Oensi7iger Klus, a defile formerly fortified, with 
the baths of Klus and the ruined chateau oi Alt-Falkenstein, to (2V2M., 
in 12 min.) Oensingen (electric tramway to Langenthal, see p. 20). On 
a hill to the left is the restored chateau of Bechbtirg. 

11 M. I/awse?L — Near (13 M.) Sissach (1240'; Lowe, E. 
1^/2-2, B. 1, D. 2V2, pens. 5-6 fr., good; Bahnhof; Bar; Volks- 
haus zum Blaueii Kreuz, bed 1^/2, pens. 8^/2 fr., temperance), a 
pleasant little town with 2800 inhab., we pass (r.) the chateau and 
park of Ehenrain. Fine view from the Sissacher Fluh (2305'), 
11/4 hr. to the N. 

From Sissach over the Schafmatt to Aarau (41/2 hrs.). Electric 
tramway via Bockten in 1/4 hr- to (1^/4 M.) Gelterkinden (1310'; Rossli), a 
manufacturing village with 2030 inhab. ; road thence (diligence to Oltingen 
twice dailv in 1^/4 hr.) through the peaceful valley of the Eibach to (13/4 M.) 
Tecknau (1445'), and to the left to (33/4 M.) WensUngen (1855') and (6 M.) 
Oltingen (1890'; Ochs), with a mineral spring. The path ascending the 
(3/4 hr.) *Schafinatt (2615') diverges close to the 'Ochs' (numerous finger- 
posts). The summit commands an extensive panorama of the Jura and 
the Alps (better from the Geissfluh, 3170', Va hr. to the N.E.). On the 
S. verge of the plateau we reach a point overlooking the deep valley 
of Rohr. Turning to the left here, we attain the (Va hr.) farm-house of 
Barmelhof (1990'; rfmts.), at the foot of the Schafmatt. From the Barmel- 
hof to Aarau (p. 30) by road in V-j^hr., via the Klus, Obcr-Erlinsbach, 
and Unter-Erlinsbach. 

To the S. of Sissach lies (6 M. ; diligence thrice daily in IV4 hi'.) Ep- 
tingen, or Ruch-Eptingen (1875'), with saline and mineral baths (*Kur- 
anstalt, pens. 4-5 f r. ; Ilot.-Pens. Linde), situated in a narrow valley at 
the base of the llauenstein (footpath to Ldufelfingen, 1 hr. ; to Langen- 
hruck, IV2 hr., see above). 

The train turns to the S. into the narrow Homhurger-Tal and 

beyond (16 M.) Sommerau (1485') passes through two tunnels. — 

19 M. Ldufelfinrjen (1845'; Sonne), at the foot of the llauenstein. 

On the summit of the Hauenstein, 1 lir. to the S.E. (road via Wisen), 
lies the *Frohburg (2705'; Kurhaus, 80 beds at 1-2, B. 1, I). 2Va-3, pens. 
5Va-6'/'j fr.), commanding a beautiful view of the A1j>h, from the Sentis 
to Mont Blanc; in the foreground, the SilliHcliloss and the Wigger-Tal ; 
on the right rises Pilatus, on the left the Rigi. Al)Out 10 min. from th<! 
inn are some scanty ruins of a castle (2770') which was destroy (mI by an 
earthquake. Descent vifl Trimback in 1 hr. to Olteii. 

A road ascends from L;luf(!lfingen to the N.E. to (2 M.) Bad Ramaach 
(24:56'; *Kurhau8, with saline ))aths, ojxmj May Ist-Oct. 15th, 50 bi'ds, })ens. 
6-7"/p fr.), a charmingly situated healf h-r(!Sort. The (10 min.) Ihnnherg- 
fiuhii (2(iOO') commandH a pr(!ttv view; a more extensive one is ribLiiiicd 
from the (»/» hr.) Wieaenbery (3296'). 


0() I Rnnf, :i. OLTKX From mie 

Some way beyond the Haneiiattin 'runnel (2975 yds. ; 4-5 min.), 

to the lij^ht, the Bernese Alps ji^radually become visible from the 

Wetterhorn to the Doldenhorn, with the Jungfrau in the middle 

(comp. Panorama, p. 181). The train descends by a long curve to 

the Aare and crosses it. 

24^/3 M. Olten. — Hotels. Hotel SrissE, 40 beds ;it 2Va-8, B. I1/4, 
D. 3, pens. 7-8 fr., ^^ood, 1\C>t. Aakhof, with baths, 35 beds at 2'/a-3, H. IV4, 
D. 2Vj, l>ons. ♦>-•.) fr., St, (totthaku, R. 2-2V2, B. 1 fr., good. Hot. Fkoii- 
biu«,"H. l'/g-2, B. 1 fr., all four at the station; Halbmond, R. 2-4, B. 1, 
D. 2V9 fr. , well spoken of; Lowe. — *Rail. Restaurant. — Va^s{},w^gxb 
usually have to chanj^e carriaf^es at Olten and there is a lengthy halt; 
as the station is a busy one it is well to guard against pickpockets, etc. 

Olten (1310'; 9286 inhab.), with extensive railway-workshops, 
is one of the most important junctions in Switzerland (see pp. 24, 
26). Important shoe and machine manufactories. 

To the S.E. )f Olten, to the left of the railway, on an isolated 
w oded hill on the right l)ank of the Aare, rises the Siilischloss (2190'; 
Ji' sfaurant), a small chateau with a tine view of the valley of the Aare 
and of the Alps from the Scntis to the Jungfrau. Good and shady paths 
from Olten and from Aarhurg (j). 24) to the top in 1 hr. Beyond it is 
the ruined Wartburf/. 

About 4'/o M. to the N.E. of Olten (diligence twice daily in summer 
in 1 hr.) are the sulphur-baths of Lostorf (1H40'; ^Kurhaus^ o\)(ii\ in 
summer only, 70 beds at lVj-^» B- 1> t)- -Vs? pt'ns. (5-7 fr.), at the foot 
of the Jura (p. 31). On a cliff above (V4 hr.) rises the small chtlteau of 
Wartenfcla (2050'), with a fine view. 

The train crosses the Aare and traverses the plain watered by 
the Diinnernj at the base of the Jura. To the left we have a view 
of the Alps. 25V2 M- Olten-Hammer; 26V2 M. Wangen; 28 M. 
Hdgendorfj near which is the picturesque Devil's Gorge (p. 18). 
— 3OV2 ^. Efjerkinffen iKreuz). 

Diligence twice daily in Va hr. (fare 45 e.; carriage from Olten 15 fr.) 
to Priedau r220O'; *Kurh(in8, open May 15th-0ct. 15th, 75 l)eds, pens. 
7-9Vi f'-)' with 'I beautiful view of the Alps. Shady grounds and exten- 
sive wood-walks. — The road leads on to Langenbruck^ 3 M. farther (see 
p. 18; diligence daily in summer). 

31 ^'2 M. Obe7'buchsifeu ; 35^2 M. Oensingen (1520'; Rossli; 

F'kom Oknsinoex to Lanuknthal, 91/4 M., electric railway in I'/o 'n- 
The trains start from the terminus near the village of Oinsinf/en (p. 18), 
1 M. to the N.E. Stations: Oensingem (Federal Rail. Stat.), »Sta/npfe, 
fhirr/niihlr, and (2'/2 M-) Niedtrbipp (see below); thence to the S.E. via 
SUdf'.rbipp ViUdf/fj, SrhaDuujeln, and Holzhiiscrn to (6>/g M.) Baiinwil 
(Rftssli). We now cross the Aare to {Vf^ M.) Aarwamitn (Wildenraann ; 
Bar), a i»leasantly situated village with 1800 inhab. and a chateau (station), 
and proc»'ed vifi (8 M.) IJard-Miintenthal to (91/4 M.) Ixingenthal (p. 24). — 
From Oensingen to IMWJial (2'/j M., in 12 min.), see p. 19. 

36^2 M- Niederhipp (Hot. liahnhof ; to the right is Oherhipp, 
with a handsome chateau). At (3972 ^^•) Wangen we cross the Aare. 
42 M. Deitingen; 4372 ^^' Liiferharh. On the left bank of the Aare, 
272 ^i- to the E. of S.')leure ^omri.j, lies Bad Aftishohj with chaly- 
beate and sulphureous springs (65 beds, pens. 6-8 fr.). Farther on, 
we obtain a view of Soleure; to the right are the Rothi (p. 23; 


^asols'l.uzcjn '^^ 

•...•if" 9 


t/i i-o 


;..iviitn^, ^ 


.Jt-i — ^'---^ 


;^ fl — « CI 

o ' ac u u C 



f» ."• o n 

c«5 «<5 o fta 

•- ft « T || 

to Bienne. 80LEURE. I. Routes. 21 

and the Kurhaus on the Weissenstein (p. 23). The train crosses 
the Emme, not far from its confluence with the Aare. — 46 M. 

Soleure. — Soleure has two Railway Stations : NeuSolothurn {V\. 
F, 4; Rail. Restaurant), the principal station, on the right bank of the 
Aare, for the lines to Olten, Herzogenbuchsee, Burgdorf, Moutier, Lyss, 
and Bienne; and Alt-Solothurn (PI. C, 3), on the left bank, to the W. of 
the town, for the lines to Moutier and Bienne. 

Hotels. In the town, on the left bank: *Krone (PI. a; E, 2), 60 beds 
at 21/2-5, B. IV4, D. 31/2, S. 3, pens. 8V2-I4 fr., with caf6-restaurant (Pilsner 
beer); *Roter Turm (PL b; D, 2), in the Markt-Platz, 20 beds at 2-2V2, 
D. 2, pens. 5-8 fr. ; Hirsch (PL d ; D, 3), 30 beds at IV2-2V2, B. 1, D. 21/2 fr. 
(incl. wine). — At the Neu-Solothurn station: *Hot. Metropole (PL e; 
F, 4), 30 beds at IV2-2V2, B. 1, D. 21/2, pens. 6-7 fr.; *H6t. Terminus 
(PL f; F, 4), 30 beds at 2V2-3, B. 11/4, B. 3 (incl. wine), pens. 7-8 fr. 
Farther on, on the right bank, *Adler (Pl.g; D, 4), 40 beds at 2-3, B. 1, 
pens. 6-8 fr. ; Schwan (PL h ; 13, 4), well spoken of ; Falke (PL i ; D, 4). — 
Altdeutsche Bierhalle, Hauptgasse. — River Baths (PL D, 3, 4) in the Aare. 
— Frnquiry Office opposite the Krone Hotel. 

Soleure^ or Solothurn (1430'; 11,659 inhab.), the capital of 
Canton Soleure, on the Aare^ the Roman Salodurum, claims to be 
the oldest town on this side of the Alps next to Treves. ('In Celtis 
nihil est Salodoro antiqnius, unis exceptis Treveris, quarum ego 
dicta soror', is the inscription on the clock-tower.) It was incor- 
porated with the Confederation in 1481. 

The ^Cathedral of St. Ours (St. Ursus; PL E, 2), the cathe- 
dral of the bishopric of Bale (p. 5) since 1828, was built in the flor- 
id Italian style in 1762-73 byPisoni, on the site of an older church. 
A flight of ^eps leads to the fagade, adjoined by fountains with 
statues of Moses and Gideon. 

The Treasury, in the sacristy (adni. 1 fr., free on Sun., Tucs., 
& Thurs. 11-12; apply to the sacristan, Riedholzgasse 140), contains liturgi- 
cal MSS. with miniatures of the 12-16th cent., goldsmiths' work, includ- 
ing a reliquary of St. Oswald (silver hand; 15th cent.) and the Laublin 
inonstrance (1697), vestments of the 17-18th cent., etc. 

To the N. of the cathedral is the Mauritius- Brunnen, a foun- 
tain of 1536, while to the N.E. rises the Bdle Gate, erected in 
1504-8 by Gibelin, adjoining which is the Bastion of St. Ui'sus 
(PLE,1), a remnant of the town-fortifications constructed in 1667- 

The Arsenal (PL E, 2), built in 1610-14, contains an impor- 
tant ^Collection of ancient armour and weapons (open daily, 8-12 
and 1-6, adm. 30 c. ; illustrated catalogue 1 fr.). A largo plastic 
group on the second floor represents the reconciliation of the Con- 
federates effected at the Diet of Stans in 1481 by BrothcT Klaus 
^p. 168). Here is also a mitrailleuse of the 15th century. — 
Near the arsenal is the Town Hall (IM. D, E, 2), built in 1476 and 
recently enlarged, with a Renaissance facade of the 17th century. 
An ingenious winding staircase of 1632 in a tower on the N. n'ulv 
leads to the 'Stone Hall' on t.hc first tloor, with old stained glass 
and various curiosities. — In the neighbouring Common Hall 

*J*J I ^' ■^- Mnp, i>. H. SOLKI KK. Frotn Ihilr 

(PI. D, 2) is the Muniripal Library (40,000 vols.), and in the 
Cantonal School (PI. K, 2) is the Cantonal Library (30,000 vols.), 
both with iiitrrostiiig inciiiiiibiila and MSS. 

The Clock Towkk i IM. S; I>, 2), in the market-place, l)uilt about 
1250, has a clock witli lijrures and mechanism of 1545, resemblinij 
those at Bern (p. ISO). Below the dial is the above-mentioned 
Latin distich, by (llareanus. In fnmt of it is the Fischhrnntteiiy 
a fountain witli tlie statue of St. llrsus (16th cent.). 

In the promenades on the N. side of the town is the Muni- 
cipal MrsKUM (PI. D, E, 1), built in 1898-1900 by Schlatter (open 
daily, except Wed., 9-12 and 1-5, in winter 10-12 and 1-4; adm. 
50 c., Sun. mornini^ and Thnrs. afternoon, free; illustrated cata- 
logue 1 fr.). 

On the prouia'tloor are the Natural History (interesting- fossils 
from the Jnra, induilinf; giant tortoisca), the EtJniographiral, and the 
Arrhatolofficai Coll^-ctiitns, the last by stops ascending from R. IV and 
containinif^ j»rehistoric, Konian, and Aleniannian antiqnities fonnd in the 
environs of Soleure. On the tirst floor is the Pictuuk (iallkiiy. - 
Room XIV. Earlier Schools (15-18th cent.). On the rear-w.ill, *18(;. I[a)is 
ffnlhfin the V<)un(/rr, Virgin and (Jhild, with SS. Ursiis and Martin of 
Tonra, one of the master's chief works (1522); 14. Hans y\..sper, Peter 
Fnsely (1535); *231. Ujti)er Rlienish Master of 1420, Madonna of the 
strawberries; above. Alb. Mcntz (Soleure, 1479), 220, Four saints, 221. 
Crucitixion. Left Wall: 187. G. Jfo}ithorst, Wine, women, and song; 
2«;o. Rihtra, St. Mark; 219. R. MevifS, Portrait of his father; 290. Turner, 
Moonlight (sketch).- R. XV. 1st section: 141. Fr. Didaij, Storm; IH. Fritz 
Itarr, Autumn evening in the Mllhltal. 2nd section: 215. A. Li/f/ardoH, 
the Jungfrau; lfi;i. O. Froelicher, Rosenlaui. — R. XIII (to the left of 
U. XIV). 4:Mir,. Pietures hy Frank Buchser ; F. Jlodler, 185. Avalanclie, 
184. Communion with the Intinite; 7. Amiet, Evening glory. — R. X: Mod(^l 
of the Cathedral of St. Ours, glass, charters, etc. — RR. XI and XII (up 
stairH): Furnisiied rooms. -R. IX. Furniture (18th cent.). — R. VIII: Cos- 
tumes, coins, eups; beautiful cawed cabinet (1618). — (Crossing the corridor 
we enter R. XVII, containing drawings and water-colours, by Disfe/i, 
Frtttiicher, and others. R. XVI, Views of Soleure. 

To the W. of the Museum are the Concert Hall (PI. D, E, 1), 

built by Schlatter in 1900, and the Protestant Church (PI. D, 2). 

In the street called '.Am Stalden' (PI. D, 3) stands the Georgs- 

Hrunnen (1543). A promenade on the ramparts is interesting. 

Thf *Weissen8tein (4220'; comj). Map, j). 14), 2^l>,-\\ hrs. to the N. 
of Solt-nr'-, is a vt-ry favourite point of view. It is reached ])y taking 
the Moutier railway (p. 14) to (20 niin.) the station of Oberdorf (2120'), 
above the village, near the Webf^nhdsli (*H6t.-ren8. Bellevue, pens. 
4-.'> fr.), whence a road (diligence twice daily in summer in I'/a hr.) ascends 
vifl Sessflhoden to the (2 hrs.) Kurhaus (carr. and pair from Soh'ure 20 fr. 
and fee). A preferable route for walk(rs is the footpath (.'J hrs.; porter 
4-6 fr.) ascending the Vfrena-Tal. Taking the latter, we pass the 
cathedral of St, Ours, (piit the town by the Hale gate (p. 21), and, diverg- 
ing to the left from the B;\le road 2 min. fjirther on (numerous way- 
posts;, proceed to ''20 min.) the litMtaunint Wengisteiv, at the S. end 
of the St. Verena-Tal, a narrow, cool, and shady ravine, Va ^I- i" 
length. The path to the. left, at the beginning of the gorge, leads to the 
Wengistcin (p. 2.3). At the exit of the valley are fjuarri(!s of Portland 
limestone, where interesting fossils are found. '^Phe blocks of gian- 
ite oji the neighbouring slopeH are believed by geologists to have been 

to Bieune. AVEISSENSTEIN. MaiJ, p. 14. ^ I.E. n. 23 

deposited by ancient Alpine glaciers. At the N. end of the ravine is the 
Hermitage of St. Verena (1620'). On the right are the hermit's dwell- 
ing and a chapel; on the left is a rock-hewn chapel containing a repre- 
sentation of the Holy Sepulchre with lifesize figures. [We may return 
hence to Soleure hy ascending by the chapel to the crosses, passing near 
the large quarries (with 'Cxletscherschliffe', or rocks worn by the action 
of the glaciers), and traversing the wood to the "Wengistein (fine view). 
A huge granite boulder here bears a Latin inscription recording two mem- 
orable events in the history of Soleure.] 

From the restaurant beyond the hermitage we take to the left, follow- 
ing the guide-posts (to the right the route to Ober-Balmberg via Widlis- 
bach, see below) to (20 min.) the hamlet of FaUern (1827'; inn), at the 
foot of the Weissenstein. Above it we enter the wood to the left (red 
and yellow way-marks) and ascend, gradually at first, and then in steep 
zigzags, finally mounting an abrupt rocky gully, partly by steps, to the 
(IV4 hr.) Nesselhoden Alp (3447'), where we regain the road. Following 
this for 10 min., we then take the path to the left and ascend to (1/4 hr.) 
the *Kurliaus on tlie Vordere Weissenstein (4220' ; open in winter also ; 
95 beds at 31/2-41/3, B. I1/4, D. 31/2, S. 21/2, pens. 8-11 f r. ; telephone to 
Soleure; carnage und pair from Soleure, by previous order at the hotel, 
12 fr. for 4 pers.), a health-resort surrounded by woods and pastures, and 
much resorted to in summer (Engl. Church Service). 

The *ViEw is less picturesque but more extensive than that from the 
Rigi, and no spot commands a better view of the whole Alpine chain 
from the Tyrol to Mont Blanc (panorama by Imfeld, 2 fr. ; Zeiss telescope 
on the terrace). To the E. are the Sentis, the Glarnisch, with the Rigi 
in the foreground, the Todi between the Rigi and Pilatus, the lofty saddle 
of Titlis, and the Sustenhorn; beyond Soleure, the Wetterhorn and Schreck- 
horn, the Finsteraarhorn, Eiger, Monch, Jungfrau, Blllmlisalp, and Dolden- 
horn ; then the Balmhorn, Altels, Wildstrubel, Wildhorn, Diablerets, and 
to the S. Mont Blanc. To the S.W. glitter the lakes of Bienne, Morat. 
and Neuchatel; the Aare winds to the S. through the fertile plains ana 
the Emme flows into it at the foot of the mountain. 

Pleasant walk to the S.W. through wood to the (10 min.) Kdnzeli (4093'). 

— The *R6tJii (4690'), Va hr. to the E. of the hotel, commands an exten- 
sive view to the N. and E. of the Black Forest and Vosgcs, which are 
hidden from the Weissenstein, and of the picturesque mountains and val- 
leys of the Jura (below it, to the E., is the Kurhaus Balmberg, see below). 

— Towards the W. the view is concealed by the *Haseninatt (4745'), 
IV2 br. from the hotel, whence an uninterrupted panorama may be enjoyed. 
Carriage-road from the Kurhaus across pastures to (25 min.) the Jlintere 
Weissenstein (4027'; inn), 5 min. short of which a path (guide-post; red 
and yellow marks) diverges to the left and ascends, finally through wood, 
to the (I1/4 hr.") broad grassy summit of the Hasenmatt. On the W. side 
a path descenus to the (8 min.) Althilsli (4375'; rfmts.), whence we may 
return to the Hintere Weissenstein in 50 minutes. Or from the Althiisli 
we may proceed to the W. over the (20 min.) Stahlberg {^'621' -, tine view 
from the Stahlfluh, 459(5', 10 min. to the S. of the chalet) to tlie (3/4 hr.) 
inn on the Ujyper Grenchenherg (44f58'), and thence descend by the Lower 
Orenchenberg and the Stierenberg (3717') to (I1/4 hr.) Grenchen (j). 24).— 
Travellers returning from the Kurhaus to Sol(!ure follow the road from 
Fallern (see abovej to (V2 M.) a guide-post with four arms, whence aj)a1h 
between i)ine-wooas and large quarries brings them in '/a ^'i"- ^^ the N.W. 
gate of Soleure. Carriages may also be directed to return ])y a route 
affording an opportunity of visiting the St. Verena gorge. 

About 7 M. to theN.K. of Soleure, on the N.E. slojx' of the Wcisscii- 
Ht(;in (dilig('nc(! to Balm twice daily in ]'/4hr.), is the *Kurhaus Ober- 
Balmberg (3510'; May 15th-0ct. 1st; 90 beds, jiens. 5V2-7'/'i f'-), a health- 
resort in a well sheltered site. Road from Solenrti via Wuf/ishdch, (htll- 
mooH, and /*»/;// (^2105'; inn). Froni Balmberg a shady path leads past the 

e-i / ' " -i- AARinTR(r 

R(>thi (8eo p. 23) to the (1 hr.) Kurhaus We i saenstei n. — Xhowt 4}j^i M. 
to tlu* E. of Solouio (cania^a-road via Balm, p. 23, to the village of 
Giintsherg) is the Kurhaun (ilutzenberg (24(»0'; plain, pens. 3V2-4V2 ^r*)? 
tinely situated at the foot of the Stirrtnberq (4085'). 

From Soleiire to Hrrzo(f< nhuchste^ see ))elow. 

From Soi.kikk to B< k(ii>okf [I'A M.) by railway in 40-50 iiiinuteR. 
The principal station is (7 M.) Vtz('iii<torf^ the largest village in the lower 
Emmen-Tal. Uurifdorf^ see he low. 

Fkom SoLKiKK to Lvss (15 M.) by railway, skirting the right hank of 
the Aare, in about 50 minutes. The chief intermediate station is (10 M.) 
Biiren (Krone), a small town with an old chateau, 3 M. to the E. of which 
are the baths of Liittrsi' il (2100'; pens. 4-4Va fr.)> with mineral sj)rings 
and pleasant wood-walks. — A//^s, see ]). 10. 

The Bienne line crosses the Aare. 46^/2 ^^- Alt-Sololharn 
(p. 20j; 50 M. Selzarh iKrouz), where passion-plays are performed 
every third or fourth suninier (next in 1912); 52 M. Grenchen or 
Grarujes (Knrhans Bachtelen, 120 beds, pens. 5-8 fr. ; Lowe), with 
5198 inhab. and large wateh-faetories; 54 M. Lemfnau; 56 M. Pie- 
terlen ^Pens. Schlopssli, H\L^-^ fr.); 591/2 M. Metf-Botzinge?}. — 
62 M. Bienne, see p. 15. 

4. From Bale to Bern via Aarburg. 

♦u; M. Railway in 2V4-4V2 hrs. (fares 11 fr. 15, 7 fr. 85, 5 fr. BO c). 

To (2472 M.) Olten, see pp. 18-20. The line skirts the right 
bank of the Aare and passes through a tunnel under the castle. 

2072 ^1- Aarburg (1285'; Krone, good; Falke; Bar), a pict- 
uresquely situated little town (2500 inhab.) on the Aare (junction 
for Lucerne, p. 20). The old Castle on a steep rocky hill, built in 
1661-73, is now a reformatory. 

As we proceed we have glimpses of the Alps, right and left. 
2872 ^^- Rothrist ; 32^/2 M. Miirr/enfhal, where we cross the Murr/; 
34 iM. IinfjfpriL — 'SQ^I^ M. Langenthal (1558'; ''^Bar, pens. '?- 
9 fr. ; Huf. Jura; Lowe; Kreuz), a prosperous village (5948 inhab.) 
with a busy trade (branch-line to Oensingen, see ]). 20; to Wol- 
hnsen, p. 1711—3972 M. Bilfzbrrg. 

4l72 ^^- Herzogenbuchsee (1532'; Sonne, good; IfOl. cle 
la Gare), with 2600 inhab. and a loftily situated church. 

To SoLKiKK riM/j, M.), railway in 40 minutes. 2V8 M. Ivkii'U; 51/2 M. 
Subige)) : T M. Dn-on/itH/fn ; then across tlu; Eiiniic to Ncn-Salothiirn 

(p. 2i). 

44^/2 ^'^- K'iedttril. Beyond (4772 M.) Wynigen the train 
threads a fniinel ^^^O vds.) and crosses the Emme to — 

51 M. Burgdorf, Y\\ Berthovd (1758'; pop. 9292; ^7/r3/. 
Giiggisherg, with garden, K. 2-3, B. 1, D. 272» pens. 5-7 fr. ; Hot. 
de la Gare, pens. 3*/2-4 fr., both at the station; Park-Hotel, 
with garden -restaurant; Maison de Villc ; Ours), a busy town, 
picturesquely situated. The houses are flanked with arcades, as at 
Bern. The public buildings, the liospital, schools, orphanage, and 

BURGDORF. /. R> 4. 25 

technical institute are highly creditable. The Gothic church dates 

from 1471-87. In the Chdteau (1940') Pestalozzi established in 

1798 his famous school, which he removed to Yverdon in 1804; in 

the court is a memorial tablet with his portrait in relief. The 

Knights' Hall contains a Histmcal Collection, mainly of local 

interest (adm. 40 c). Beautiful views from the chateau and from 

the Philosophen-Weg on the Gsteig; finer from the Rachisherq 

(2770'), IV2 hr. to the S.E. (see below). 

From Burgdorf to Langnau, 14 M., railway in '^1^-1 hr. The line 
ascends the fertile Emmen-Tal. — 2V2 M. Oberburg; 41/2 M. Hasle- 
Riiegsau (1880'), whence the Rachisberg (see above) may be ascended via 
Riiegsau in 11/4 hr. — 6 M. Lutzelfluh-Goldbach (1920'). Lutzelflilh (Ochs) 
was the home of the pastor Albert Bitzius (d. 1854), a popular author 
well known as Jeremias Gotthelf, to whom a monument was recently 
erected here. Near Liitzelfliih, to the N.W., is the Britternbad (1640'j, 
with chalybeate springs. — 71/2 M. Ramsey (see below); 10 M. Zollbriick; 
14 M. Langnau (p. 176). — From Ramsey to Huttwil, 12 M., railway in 

1 hr. via (2V2 M.) Sumiswald (Bar, Kreuz), a thriving town with 6000 
inhab. (branch to Wase^i, 3 M. in 18 min.). — HuttwU, see p. 174. 

From Burgdorf to Thun, 25 M., electric railway in IV2 hr. (fares 

2 fr. 90, 2 fr. 5 c). The line follows the Emmen-Tal Railway via (IV4 M.) 
Steinhof (Park-Hotel, see p. 24) and (21/2 M.) Oberburg to (41/2 M.) Hasle- 
Riiegsau (see above) and then diverges to the right into the peaceful 
Bigen-Tal, with its woods and meadows. 6V2 M. Schafhausen; 8V2 M. 
Bigental. 10 M. Walkringen (2276'; Bar; Pens. Sonnegg); hence to the 
(2b min.) Ruttihubelbad, see p. 176. From {12^1 ^M.) Biglen (2435'; *H6tel 
Bahnhof; Bar) we may ascend the (3/^ hr.) Gummegg (3190'), a fine point 
of view. The line threads two short tunnels. — From (14 M.) Gross-Hoch- 
stetten (2445'; Lowe; Stern), an interesting type of an Emmen-Tal village, 
a good footpath ascends to (1 hr.) the top of the *Wacht (3000'), affording 
an extensive view of the Alps. — At (16 M.) Konolfingen-Stalden (2180') 
we intersect the railway from Lucerne to Bern (p. 176). Farther on we 
descend the Kiesenbach-Tal to (17 M.) Stalden-Dorf and (19V2 M.) Ober- 
Diesbach {201b' ', *Lowe, pens. 4-6 fr. ; Biir), a pretty village with an old 
castle, at the E. base of the Falkenfliih (p. 189; diligence twice daily in 
l'V4 hr. to tlic A^chlegweg - Bad, p. 192). The next stations are (21 M.) 
Brenzikofen and the scattered village of (23 M.) Heimberg, with its pot- 
teries. 24 M. Steffisburg (p. 192) lies to the left of the line. — 25 M. 
Thun, sec p. 190. 

From Burgdorf to ^Soleure, see p. 24. 

5372 ^1- Lissaeh. Beyond (56 M.) Hindelbank a monnmont, 
to the left of the railway, commemorates the battle between the 
Bernese and the French in the Grauholz (5th March, 1798). — 
59 M. Schonbilld. Beyond (6IV2 ^I-) Zollikofen (junction lor 
Bienne, p. 16) the train crosses the iron Worblaufen Bridge 
(below, to the right, the handsome Tiefenau Bridge over the Aaro) 
and then ascends through a cutting to the Wyler Feld, where, to 
the left, we obtain a magnificent view of the Bernese Alps. To the 
right is the suburb of Lorraine^ beyond which we cross the Aar<' 
by a bridgf; 200 yds. long and 142' high. '\\) the b^ft is tlie im- 
posing Korn/uius Bridf/e (p. 184j. 

()6 M. Berrij see p. 180. 


5. From Bale to Lucerne via Olten. 

58 M. Raii-w AY in 2-4 lira. (fait'H 10 fr. 6, 7 fr. 5, 6 fr. 5). 

To OUen and (2()V2 Mj Aarbfm/y the junction for Bern (R. 4), 
seep. 24. TheLurerrn' lino traverses the hro'd(\ gnissy Wigger-Tal. 

29\/.^ M. Zofingen (1430'; pop. 5000; Krone, r! lV'2-2, 
i). 2^/2 fr. ; U(7w; Rijssli ; K^tmi; /Sf. Urbanhof; Pens. Romer- 
hady 5-5^2 fr.', a busy little town. The Museum JSfraehl contains 
the municipal library, with autographs of Swiss reformers, coins, 
an artists' album, antiquiti<'s, and natural history collections. The 
hijrh-lvinfi: Utitere PUitz, with its venerable lime-trees, and th(^ 
adjoining Deer Park command charming views of the Jui'a and 
the Bernese Alps. 

From Z<)kin(ik>; to Si'hk, railway in Va hour. Stations: Safenuil, 
KOliiktn^ Enffcldrfi, well-to-do villages, and {lO^f^M.) Suh?-, tlie junction 
for Aarau and Baden (p. 82). 

33 M. Peklen, an old lodge of the Knights of Malta, now a 
parsonage (diligence twice daily in ^/^ hr. to the health-resort and 
hydropathic of Hirhenthal; pens. 4-572 fi'O- — '^"^^li -^- Dagmer- 
sellen; 8672 M. Nehikon. To the right appear the Bernese Alps, 
from the Wetterhorn to the Altels. Beyond (39 M.) Wautvil the 
little Mattenscf, with its island and castle, lies on the right. 

43 M. Sursee (1063'; pop. 2650; Hirsch; Weinhof ; Sonne), 
an old town, over whose gates the double eagle of Hapsburg is still 
enthroned. — About 3^2 ^- to the N.E. (omnibus, 3 fr.) are the 
chalybeate baths of Knutwil (pens. 4V2-5\/2 fr.). 

Near (46 M.j Nottwil we approach the Lake of Sempach 
(1663'j, 5 M. long, 1^2 M. broad, and abounding in fish. On a hill to 
the right rises Schloss Warfensee. — 49 M. Sempach-Neuenkireh. 
The small town of Sempach (pop. 1500; Krone; Kreuz; Adler) 
lies I'/g M. to the N., on the 8.E. bank. Near Sempach Duke 
Leopold III. of Austria was signally defeated on 9th July, 1386, 
by the Swiss Confederates, owing, as the story goes, to the noble 
self-sacrifice of Arnold von Winkelried (p. 160). The duke and 
263 of his knights were slain. A column surmounted by a lion 
was erected near the church in 1886 on the 500th anniversary of 
the victory. 

A Chapei. (204V4'), li/j M. to the N.E. of Sempach, marks the Hpot where 
Leojjold fell. His uncle, another Duke Leo])old, had been defeated by the 
Swi88 71 years before at Morgarten (p. 107). The anniversary is still ke])t. 

On the right appear thr bold cliffs and peaks of Pilatus; on the 
left the Titlis and the long crest of the Rigi; between them tower 
the snowy Alps (see p. 112). 52 M. Rotlienhury ; 55 M. Emmen- 
hrilcke (1443'; Hotel Emmenbriicke ; Restaurant Seetal), junction of 
the 'Seetal' line to Lenzburg (^p. 178; electric tramway to Lucerne, 
see p. 111;. The line crosses the Kinrney above its confiuence with 
the ReasH, and follows the latter, b^'ing joined on the left by the 

RHETNFELDEN. /• Route 6. 27 

Zurich and Lucerne line (p. 107), on the right by the Bern and Lu- 
cerne line (p. 174), and on the left by the St. Gotthard line (p. 139). 
Lastly it passes through a tunnel under the Giltsch (p. 114) and 
through another under the hill of Schonheimy and, describing a 
wide curve, enters the station of (58 M.) Lucerne (p. 108). 

6. Prom Bale to Zurich via Brugg. 

55 M. Railway in 12/3-4 hrs. (fares 9 fr. 25, 6 fr. 50, 4 fr. 65 c). 

To (51/2 ^O Pratteln, see p. 18. Near (71/2 M.) Augst, or 
Basel-Augst, the Eoman Augusta Raurica (p. 5) , we cross the 
Ergolz and approach the Ehine, on which, to the left, is Kaiser- 
Augst. Turning to the right on leaving the station, and then to the 
left before the Ergolz bridge at Basel-Augst, we may reach in 
8 min. the considerable remains of a Roman theatre. — In the Ehine 
below Basel-Augst a large electric power station (15,000 H.P.) is 
under construction. 

1072 M. Rheinfelden. — Hotels. *Grand Hotel des Salines, 
5 min. above the town, open from May 1st to Oct. 30th, 320 beds, R. 3-8, 
B. IV2: ^- '^V2> 8. 0V2) pens. 10-15, omn. 1 f r. ; *H6tel Dietschy am 
Rhein, with garden-terrace, 100 beds, R. 2-4, B. IV4, D. 8-31/2 , 8. 2V2, 
pens. 7-9, omn. V2 fr. ; *H6tel Solbad Schutzen, with garden, April 1st- 
Nov. 1st, 96 beds, R. ^1^-4, B. 1, D. 3, 8. 21/2, pens. 7-9, omn. Va f i'- 1 
EsGEL, 45 beds, pens. 5-6 fr. ; Schiff, 48 beds, pens. 51/2-^ fr., all with 
saline baths; Dkei Konige, with garden, pens. 5 fr. ; Hot. Bahnhof, R. 
IV2-2V2J B. 1, D. 2V2, pens. 5-6 fr. — On the right bank of the Rhine (p. 32): 
*Bellevue, well situated, with garden, pens. 4-5 JC; Oberrheinischer 
HoF, moderate. — Restaurants. Rheinlust, prettily situated near the 
salt-works, about 1 M. from the town; Salmen; Feldschlosschen, Haupt-Str. 
— English Church Service in summer. 

Rheinfelden (940'; pop. 3500), an old town, once strongly for- 
tified, with walls and towers partly preserved, was one of the out- 
posts of the Holy Roman Empire. Since 1802 it has belonged to 
>Switzerland. On an island in the middle of the Rhine by the bridge 
where once stood the castle of Steiiij are shady grounds with pretty 
views of the foaming river (salmon-fishery). Above the town, on 
the Rhine, are extensive salt-works, the strong brine of which is 
much used for baths in summer. 

We quit the Rhine, which here bends to the N. 13 M. Mohlin, 
with the salt-works oi Ryhurg (at Mohlin: .Sonne, pens. 5-7 fr,; 
Sonnenberg, pens. 4-5 fr. ; at Ryburg: Schiif, pens. 4-47*2 f J'-; ^^^ 
with saline baths). — 17 M. Mwnpf (1025'; Sonne, with saline 
baths, pens. 5-7 fr. ; Anker, pens, from 4 fr. ; Pens. Schoenegg, plain). 
We then return to the river for a short time. — I872 ^- ^S^m/ 
('1025'; Lowe, good), connected by a bridge with SdcJcingan (p. 33). 

From Stein to (Johlknz, k; M., railway in -74 br. Tlie lino skirtH the 
loft l>ank of th(^ Rhine; stations: SiHHelii., Laufcnburif (p. iJM), <S'?//c, FAzijvii^ 
Schwadcrloch^ Jjcihstatt, FciHCiiau; then across the A are to Cubic nz (p. '^'^). 

We quit the Rhine and at (20^2 M.) KiJcen enter the fertile 

28 / Houtre. BHUGU. From Bdle 

Sisseln-TiiL 23 M. Fiick (1190'; Adler; Engol), i\ larf^e village. 
Tho train asr«Mi(ls in a long curve to (2G M.) Hor/iussen (1.3()4'). 

29 Ai. Kffini^en il522') is the highest point on the line. Then a 
tunnel (2t)97 yds. ; 4 niin.) under the Botzbei'g (1945'), the Koinan 
Mons Voceti'us. 31 M. tSchinznach-Dorf (145()'}. The train de- 
scends, atl'ording a magnificent view of the valley of the Aare with 
th»' Hapsburg to the right, and, in clear weather, of the St. Gall, 
(ilarus, and Sehwyz Alps, threads a short tunnel, and crosses the 
Aare by a bridge 104' high. 

30 31. Brugg ill(;0'; Rotes llaus; JhV. Central; Kossli; Hot. 
Bnh/iho/\ with restaurant and garden, well spoken of), a quaint 
little town (3000 inhab.;, the junction of lines to Aarau and to 
Wohlen-Brenigarten (p. 31), is best surveyed from the bridge over 
the Aare (Va M. from the rail, station), here hemmed in by rocks. 
The 'Schicarze Tiirm\ by the bridge, is of early Komanesque 
origin, with Ivoman stones immured; the upper part was rebuilt 
in the 16th century. 

The ancient Abbey of Konigsfelden (Va M- to tho S.E. ofBrugg; 
to the rij;ht of lli»' station, across the railway), formerly a convent of 
Minorites, was founded in h'ilO by the Enij)ress Elizabeth and her daughter, 
Queen Apnea of Hungary, on the spot where Emp. Albert of Austria, hus- 
band of the former, had been murdered two years ])efore (1308) by Jolin of 
Swabia and his accomplices. It was secularized in 1523, and in 1803 was 
converted into a hospital; in 1866-72 the Ijuilding was pulled down and 
a large lunatic asylum (ca. 700 patients) erected in its place. Of tlie old 
I»uilding8 there now remain the S. part only, the church, and the dwelling 
of Queen Agnes (no adm.). The Church (tickets of adm. 60 c, obtained 
from the sorter of the asylum; ring at the church-door), in the Gothic 
style, with tine stained glass of the 14th cent, in the eleven windows of 
the choir, was thoroughly restored in 1890-98. Along the inside walls are 
.*;6 tombstones with the armorial bearings of Bernese bailiffs who died at 
Ktinigsft'ldcn. On the H wall are 27 modern and artistically insigniticant 
portraits of the chief knights who fell at Semj)ach (p. 26). The tomb in 
the centre of the church is now empty. Near it, on a stone j)latform, 
rest the skulls of four Austrian knights and that of Agnes of llajisljurg 
(d. 1362). The Roman antiquities discovered at Vindonissa are provision- 
ally stored in the church. 

On the tongne of lan«l between the Reuss and the Aare once stood 
th»' considerable Helvetian town of Vindonissa, which in the early cent- 
uries of the Chri.Htian era was the headquarters of a Roman legion with its 
Rh;ctian cohorts, as is proved by inscriptions. Al)Out Va ^^- to the S. of 
KtinigHfelden the foundation-walls of the amphitheatre, wliich could contain 
10,(XK) persons, wore laid bare by excavation in 1897. The external dia- 
meters mcaaurefj .•V44 ft. and .'126 ft. ; those of the arena were 221ft. and 
177 ft. The well of the Abbey of Konigsfelden is still fed i)y a sul)- 
terranean Roman conduit, which has been repaired in modern days. Vin- 
ilonissa was flestroyed in the 5th cent., but its name still survives in 
that of the village of IV'indiftch, '/a M. to the E. of Konigsfelden. 

The Hapsburg ^p. .'^2) also is often visited from Brugg. Th(; road 
leads, partly through wood, to (3 M.) the village of Ilabubnrg (1545'; carr. 
from Brugg »',, with two horses 10 fr.), whence a footi)ath ascends to (8 min.) 
the castle. 

From Bucrm to, 11 M., railway in 4(» minutes. — A littli; to 
the W. of f3M.) liirrfeld is thr- village of Jiirr, with the grave of Pestalozzi 
^p. 25;. ajid about '/a M- to the S.E, of Birr is the manor of Ne.uhof, wliere 
he long lived and worked. 5'/2 M. (MhinnrHiiufCii (junction foi- Wettingen 


to Zurich. BADEN. I- Route 6. 29 

and Aarau, p. B2); 7^2 M. Hend^chiken (p. 31); 8V2 M. Dintikon (p. iil); 
11 M. Wohlen-Villmergen. (To Rofhkreuz, see p. 31.) 

Beyond Brugg the lunatic asylum of Konigsfelden (p. 28) is 
seen on the right. We cross the Reuss near its union with the 
Aare, and reach the Limmat beyond (38 M.) Turgi (1128' ; buffet), 
the junction of the lines to Aarau and Waldshut (p. 32). 

A good path leads hence to the S., chiefly through wood, to the (3/4 hr.) 
*G©benstorfer Horn (1696'), which commands a line view of the Jura, 
the Black Forest, and the confluence of the Aare, Reuss, and Limmat. 

41 M. Baden. — Hotels. On the left bank of the Limmat, 1/4 M. 
from the station, are the 'Great Baths': ^Gtrand Hotel, with shady grounds, 
200 beds, R. 3-9, B. 1^/4, D. 6, S. 3V2, pens. 12-16 fr. ; *Verenahof, 90 beds, 
R. 2-4, B. 11/4, D. 3-3Va, pens. 7i/2-9Va fr- ; *Limmathof, 80 beds, R. 2-4, 
B. 11/4, D. 3-31/2, pens. 71/2-9 fr. ; *Baii, 72 beds, pens. 7-8 fr.; *Quellen- 
Hop, open in summer only, 60 beds, R. 3-5, B. I1/2, I). 31/2, S. 21/2, pens. 
8-11 fr. ; *Blume, 48 beds, j)ens. 7-8 fr. ; *Schweizekhof, 45 beds, pens. 7-8 fr. ; 
*0CHS, 50 beds, pens. 61/2-8 fr. — At Ennethade^i (right bank of the Limmat) 
are the less pretentious 'Small Baths': Schwan, 80 beds, R. 2-3, pens. 71/2- 
9 fr., well spoken of; Adler, Hirsch, Jura, Stern (at these pens. 5-7 fr.); 
Engel, 30 beds, pens. 5-7 fr., Balance, 30 bods, these two unpretending but 
good. — Near the station: Hot. de la Gare, plain. — Visitors^ Tax 50 c. 
per day.— Enquiry Office opposite the Casino. 

English Church Service in summer opposite the Grand Hotel. 

Baden (1256'), a much frequented bathing resort (7500inhab.), 
was much visited even in Roman times for its mineral springs 
(Aquae Helvetiae). In the middle ages it was a fortress, and down 
to the 15th cent, often the residence of the Counts of Hapsburg. 
The extensive ruins of the castle of Stein zu Baden (1505'}, de- 
stroyed in 1415 and again in 1712, rise above the town (*/4hr. from 
the station) ; pretty view from the top and from the adjacent Cafe 

The hot mineral springs (98°-l 26° Fahr.) are in the narrow 
valley of the Limmat to the N. of the town. The Park-Strasse and 
Bad-Strasse lead from the station to the Casino with its pleasant 
grounds (^Restaurant ; music several times daily) and to the (8min.) 
Grand Hotel (see above). On the right bank of the Limmat are shady 
promenades. Good view from the lower Limmat bridge (1175'). 
From the Cafe Brunner, on the right bank, a footpath ascends to 
the (25 min.) Restaurant Schartenfels (1538'), on the W. spur of 
the Liigernberg, affording a fine view of Baden, the valley of the 
Limmat, and the Alps from the Sentis to the Schcerhorn. 

p]xcuRsioN8. Hertonstein (1580'), 1 M. to the N. of Baden, has a 
popular restaurant and alfords a good view (finer still from the Geissfl/fh, 
V4 hr. farther on). — Another good point is the Martin8bcr(j (1(540'), 35 miu. 
to the W. —From the Kreuzliberif (1()83'), •74 hr. to the S. , we may ])roccod 
to (V4 hr.) the Zilri-Eich (1715'; view) and descend to (10 min.) the Tcufeln- 
k(Mer, a cave in wliich snow is often found in niidsuinmer. - To the (llcbin- 
Htorfer Horn (I'/^hr.), see above. —The *Baldegg (1875'; l'/4 br.) is a 
deservedly popular point. At the croHH-roads (Hnger-post), '/< M hcNond 
the (Jafe Belvedere (see above), we take the narrow road to the left (Muc 
marks), which aBccnds through wood to (50 min.) the IMddtuin, a small 
plateau with a view-tower and restaurant, allording a fine survey from 
the Sentis to the Bcruose Alps. —The Ldyernhcrt/ or LOijcru, a projecting 

■U) /. liouti 6. \VK'ITI\(iK\. 

siuir of the Jura chain, tonus ii rid^i' al)out TVa M- loni;' from K. lo \V. 
The *Burghoru >'^<:>0'), its K. ami hl^'hi-st |u)int, alVordin-;- a grand view 
of the High Alps from the Sontis to the Wildstruhel , of the Jura and 
Black Forest, and of the lower hills, may he ascended from Baden in 
L'V« hrs. ; a road leads to the N.E. \i\ the iliJhtal to (oV^ M.) the village 
of Ehrendingen, short of which we diverge to the right and ascend tlirough 
wood (steep at placrs). 

\Ve pass u?i(ler the Stein zu IJaclcn (p. 29) and cross the Linunat 
to 1 42 y\.\ Wettimjen .lt?S«)'K The village lies on the left, at the 
foot of the vine-clad Lni/ernbcn/ (sec above); on the right, enclosed 
by the Linunat, are the extensive buildings and gardens of the 
Cistercian Abbey of Wettingen, now a seminary for teachers. 
The ehureh ladni. 50 e.i contains a sarcophagus in which the remains 
of Emp. Albert (^see p. 28) lay for 15 months before their removal to 
Speyer, and carved stalls of the 17th century. The cloisters con- 
tain good stained-Hass windows of the 16th and 17th centuries. 

Fkom Wkttin'(;fs to Oeki.ikon, 13 M. , electric railway in I hr. -- 
2Vt M. Wiir^^tdoH ; I'/a M. Otelflnf/en (hranch-line hy Bucks and Niedet'- 
gUilt to liiilurh, p. 48); t> M. Bucks- Didlikon ; 8Va M. RcAjeuHdorf-Wntt, 
a little to the \\. of whicii is tlie small Katzensee {inii)] lOVj M. AffoUeini; 
12 M. Seebach. - i;i M. Oerlikon (p. 65). 

From Wettingon lo Aarau, see p. 32. 

The train again crosses the deep bed of the Limmat and follows 
its left bank to Ziirich. — 44\/2 M. Killwangen.— 4:7^/2 M. Dieti- 
kon.('1280'; Lowe; Hecht; Krone). It was here that Massena 
rtferted his famous passage of the Limmat, 24th Sept., 1799, after 
which he repulsed the Russians and took Zurich. — 50 M. Schlieren 
(Krone) ; 52 M. Alfsfeften (p. 107). To the right stretches the long 
ridge of the Uetli, with its hotel (p. 54). We cross the Sihl and 
enter the station of — 

55 M. Xiirirh, see {>. 44. 

7. From Olten to Zurich via Aarau and 


3t) M. Ram, WAV in lV4-2'/4hr8. (fares H fr. 56, 4 fr. (H), :> fr. 30 c). 

Olten, see p. 20. The train runs near the Aare as far as Brugg. 

To the left rise the picturesque Jura Mts. — 472 M- Ddidken. — 

57^ M. Sf'h'inentoerd (Storch) ; on the opposite; bank of the Aare is 

Schloss FalktnHtein, now a Roman Catholic church. A tunnel carries 

us under the E. extremity of the loftily situated town of Aarau. 

8V2 M. Aarau. — Hotels. *H6t.Gerbkk&Tekminijs, at the station, 
R. 2-5, B. IV4, I). ;;, nens. (-,-12 f r. ; Ociis, R. 2-3, B. 1, D. 3, pens. ()-9 f r. ; 
Lowe, pens, b-1 fr. ; Kkose; Sauvaoe, R. 2, B. 1, D. 2V8 fr. 

Aarau (1285' ; pop. 9536), a manufacturing place and the capital 
of Canton Aargau, lies on the Aare, at the foot of the Jura, on whose 
lower slopes vineyards appear. The (jhihrch (13th cent.), the Rat- 
hau8 with the Rore Tower, the Obere Tor, the Schlossli, and the 
projecting eaves of the gable-roofed houses, some of which are 


AARAU. t' Route 7. 31 

painted, give it a picturesque air. The Industrial Museum, in the 
promenades to the N.E. of the station (adm. from Tues. to Frid. 
10-12 and 2-4, Sun. 10-12, free), contains important industrial, 
ethnographical, and antiquarian collections, fine stained glass of 
the 16th and 17th cent, from the abbey of Muri, a picture gallery 
(mainly of Swiss masters), and a collection of coins. Adjacent is 
the well- equipped Cantonal School. The Government Offices con- 
tain the cantonal archives; behind it, in the Gross-Rats-Saal^ is 
the Cantonal Library, with 80,000 vols, and 500 MSS., com- 
prising beautiful missals from the abbeys of Muri and Wettingen, 
Zvdngli's Bible with marginal notes by his own hand , etc. In the 
grounds is a monument to Augustin Keller (d. 1883), a well-known 
Swiss educationalist. The Natural History Museum in the Casino- 
Platz contains a complete series of the Aargovian flora and fauna, 
as well as important geological and mineralogical collections. Near 
it a bronze statue, designed by Lanz, was erected in 1894 to the 
author Heinrich Zschokke (1771-1848), who once lived here; his 
house, the ^Blumenhalde\ is passed on the way from the suspension- 
bridge to the (Y4 br.) ^' Alpeiizeiger on the Hungerherg (1490' ; fine 
view), below which, on the shady 'Meyer Promenade', is the Kur- 
anstalt Alpenzeiger (pens. 41/2-6^/2 fr.). To the S. of the town is 
the Kurhaus Binsenhof^ with summer-restaurant. 

Above the town, to the N., rises the Wasserfluh (2860'), easily ascended 
in IV2 hr. via Kilttigen , and to the N.E. the Gisulafluh (2540'), reached 
via Biberstein in iVa hr. (mountain-indicator on the top), both of which 
command beautiful and extensive views. — About 6 M. to the W. of 
Aarau are the sulphur-baths of Lostorf (p. 20), the road to which passes 
Unter-Bydinshach and StilssUngen. — From Aarau to Sissach over the 
Srhafmatt, see p. 19. 

Electric tramway from Aarau to Schoftland (7 M., in 12 min.) via 
Unter-Entfelilen, Ober-Entfelden^ Muhen, and Hirschtal. 

From Aarau to Rothkreuz, 29Va ^1-? railway in IVa-^ hrs. — 4 M. 
Riipperstcil (p. 32); M. Lenzburg (p. 178); 8 M. Hendschiken; 10 M. 
Dottikon-Dintikon. — 12Va M. WoMen-Villmergen (junction for Brugg and 
Bale, p. 29). Branch-line hence to the E. to (4V4 M.) Bremgarten (Drei 
Konige; Sonne), a small town on the Reuss, with a chateau. To Fahr- 
wangen^ see p. 178. — Then (IBM.) Bosiuil-BUnzen and the (18 M.) charm- 
ingly situated Muri (1590'; ^Lov'e, v/ith mineral baths, pens. 6-8 f r. ; 
Aaler, pens. 4Va-B f r.) , with a former Benedictine Abbey (burned down 
in 1889); the cliurch, restored in the baroque style, contains beautiful 
stalls and vestments (apply to the sacristan of the adjacent parish-church ; 
fee). Near tlie town is the i»icturesque wooded Miihltobel, with several 
waterfalls. On the Liiidetthftrg^ I'/a nr. to the S.E. (one-horse carriage 3, 
there and back 41/4 fr.), in Schloss Iforben (2f;25'; plain inn), with a beautiful 
view. — 2072 ^1- Benzenschwil ; 22Va M. MiihlaUy on the Reuss; 25 M. Sins; 
27 M. Oberruti. We then cross the Reuss to (29Va M.) Rothkreuz (p. 107). 

From Aarau to Menziken, 14 M., electric tramway in IV4 hr. The 
line crosses the Suhr near (2 M.) Suhr and ascends the smiling Winentaf 
\\k Cirdnichev., TcMfrvthal- Durrenaesr.h , Unterknlin , and Oberkubn to 
{^\U M.) Gontenschwil (V4 M. to the S. are the baths of Schwarzcnberg 
with a mineral spring, frequented by neuropathicfi). — IH M. Rcinarh; 
14 M. Mtnziktn (p. 178). 

:\2 I- Route-!. HAD S('H]\Z\Ari| 

Fkom Aakai ro Wkttinoen, 18 M., railway in !'/;{ lu". — 3 M. Suhr 
(brauch-line to Zofliu/rn, \y. 2ti) ; 6V« M- Hunzmtichuil (on tho right rises 
the Stiififherif, p. 178). 7V« M. I^vizhurii (|). 178; 'Seetalbalin' to Lucerno, 
see R. -li), where the .-la is crossed, lO'/g M. Othinarsin(/en , junction 
for Brugj; and Wohlen (p. 2H). Near i,ll M.) M(i(fenirily on a spur of the 
Kcatf'iibe-rif^ to tlie Irft, rises SchlnKif Jinuntcifff. The train crosses the 
lieusx. IM'/j M. Mrllinijni (Krone), a (inaint little town, the cluirch of 
which contains tine old stainecl glass (11th cent.); IS'/a M. Datuil ; iT'/a M. 
Ikuhn (the slatiou li'js to the S.W. of the upper town, =V4 ^l- fioni the 
Bj\le station, see p. 29). — 18M. Wettinyen (p. 30). 

Oil the l»'ft, beyond th«' AaiT, at the foot of the Gisiilatluh, lies 
Biberstt'iHy with an old castle. 1,'} M. Riipperswil ; to the right, the 
Staufherj and the chateau of Ijenzburij (p. 178). — 15 M. ]Vilde(/(j 
(1170'; Aarhof), at the foot of the Kesteribery, has mineral springs 
containing iodine and bromine, the water of which is exported. To 
the N. above the village rises Schloss Wildegy (1480'); farther down, 
be}«)nd the .Vare, is Schloss Wildenstein. To Lenzburgj see p. 178. 

17 M. Stat. Sihinznach-Bnd (Restaurant) lies ^2 ^- to the S. 

of Bad Schinznach (1203'), on the right bank of the Aare, with 

sulphur- batiis, open May Ist-Sept. 30th (300 beds; R. in the 

Grand Hotel from 2^2, board 8, bath 2, visitor's tax weekly 

5 f r. ; in the *dependance' Pens. Habsbui'g, frequented by kSwiss 

visitors, R. fr(>m l'/.^, board 5, bath 1 fr.). Engl. Ch. Service in 


The baths lie at the foot of tho Willpehbcrg (lf)82') , on the top of 
which (»/« hr.) ar»' the ruins of the Hapsburg or Ifahshf/rg, the cradle 
of the imperial family of Austria, erected by Count Wernher von Alten- 
burg, Bisliop of Strassburg, about 1020. The tower, with walls 8' thick, 

is the only part now standing; the room said to have been occupied by 

of Hap 
bv a /armer Crfmts.). The view embraces the entire dominions of the 

Rudolph of Hapsburg is still shown. The adjoining house is occupied 

ancient Counts of Hapsburg, the valleys of the Aare, Reuss, and Limmat, 
and the High Alps from tlie Gliirnisch to the Uri-Rotstock and from the 
Wetterhorncr to the Wildhorn. — Another tine point of view is th<3 Vie)' 
Linden, on the Bfitzherg (1H90'; ^/4 hr.) , above Schinznach-Dorf station 
(p. 28). — Frora the rail, station oi Bruf/f/ Schinznach may be reached by 
carriage (ordered ])reviously) in V2 hr. 

20 M. Brugg, :ind' thence via (221/2 M.) Turgi to (39 M.) 
Zurich, see p. 28. 

Fko.m Ttroi to Wald8Hut, lOVa M., railway in 'Vri'/j hr. (1 fr. i'O, 
1 fr. 40 c, 1 fr.). The train crosses the Limmat near its influx into the 
Aart'. 2 M. Sit/f/fntnl; G'/4 M. DiHtiiificn-Kiinqnau. It tlien dt'seribes a 
wide curve, threads a tunnel, and crosses the Rhine near (8''/4 M.) Cohlenz, 
above the mouth of the Aare. — lOVa ^- WnhUhut, flee p. M3. 

8. Prom Bale to SchaflThausen and 


iK) M. Badkn RAir-WAV in 27,-0 hrs. (to SchalTliausen 9 fr. 75, <", fr. 10, 
I fr. 15 c. ; to Constancy' M fr. 50, !♦ fr. r,,';, ♦; fr. 20 c). Ncjihmisen (i». 33) 
is the station for the Falls of the Rhine (R. 9). Views to the right.— 
Steamkr from Schatfhausen to Constance in 4 hrs. (descending in H'/d hrs.), 
pleasant if time and weather permit (see p. 36; fares 3 fr. 40, 2 fr. 16 c.). 

WALDSHUT. /. Route 8. 33 

Bdle (Baden station), see p. 3. We traverse the plain between 
the spurs of the Black Forest and the Rhine. 3 M. Grenzach; 5 M. 
Wihlen (Hotel Bilmaier) ; 71/2 ^- Herthen. At (972 M.) Bheinfelden 
in Baden (Bellevue ; Rail. Restaurant), opposite Rheinfelden (p. 27), 
the line approaches the Rhine, which here dashes over rocks. The 
left bank is steep and wooded. — 12 M. Beuggen; 15 M. Nieder- 
Schworstadt. To the left of (17 M.) Brennet opens the Wekra- 
T'al (see Baedeker^ s Rhine). 

20 M. Sackingen (957'; Schiitzen ; Goldener Knopf , with 
terrace on the Rhine), a considerable town (4050 inhab.), has a 
large abbey-church with two tow^ers. The castle of Schonau on 
the Rhine is well known from Scheffel's poem 'Der Trompeter von 

24 M. Murg (Zum Murgtal), where we cross theMurg. Opposite 
(25^2 ^I-) Klein- Laufenhurg (Post) is the Swiss town of Laufen- 
burg (1040' ; Hot. Rhein-Solhad, pens. 572-6V2 ^^-5 Adlei^).^ very 
picturesquely placed on the left bank, with a lofty church, ruined 
castle, and old watch-tow^ers (rail, stat., see p. 27). The rapids called 
the ^Laufen^ once formed here by the Rhine were recently removed 
by blasting the rocks; an immense electric power establishment 
(60,000 HP.) and an iron bridge over the Rhine are under con- 

A long tunnel; then, beyond (29 M.) Albert- Hauenstein, a lofty 
viaduct. At intervals we approach the river. Near (30 M.) Alh- 
bruck (Hot. Albtal) the Alb is crossed. 32 M. Dogern. 

35 M. Waldshut (1125'; Railway Hotel; ^ Hotel Blwne; 
Rebstock, in the town) lies high above the Rhine. — Railway to 
Turgi (for Zurich), see p. 32; to Winterthur, see p. 66. 

Beyond Waldshut a tunnel; to the right, glimpses of the Alps. 
Before (38 M.) Thiengen we cross the Schlucht, and at (40^2 M.) 
Oberlauchringe7i the Wutach. To the right, on a wooded height, 
is the ruin of Kussenberg. 44^2 M. Griessen ; 47^2 M- Krzingen; 
4972 ^- Wilchingen-Hallau ; 51 72 M. Neunkirch (1407' ; Hirsch) ; 
55 M. Beringen; 5772 M. Neuhausen (1453'), the station for the 
Falls of the Rhine (p. 36;. 

59M.SchaffhLauseii. -p^a/i, p.36. Hotels. H6T.Mm.LKK (PI. a; 

A, 1), R. 2V2-4, B. IV4, !>• 3V2J pens. 9-12 fr., good; Hotel National 
(PJ. b; A, 1), K. 2-3Va, B. 11/4, pens. T'/.j-lO fr. ; Riesen (PI. c; A, 1), R. 2-',)^., 

B. 11/4, I). 11/.^-;^ fr., good; Rheinischkk Hof (PI. d; A, 1), R. 2-3, B. 1, 
pens. 7-8 fr., well spoken of; Hot. Bahnhof (PI. 0; B, 1), R. 2-a, B. I'/i, 
1). 2''/4, pens, from 8 f r. ; Schwan (PL f ; B, 2), R. 2-3, B. VU, D. 2Vj, i)en8. 
<i-10 fr., well spoken of; Tanne (PI. g; A, 2), R. VI^-2, B. 1 f r. ; liOWK 
(PI. h ; B, 1), pens. (5-7 fr. ; Schifk (PI. i ; B, 2), on the Rhine, R. I'/.j, B. 1 fr. 
-Rail. RcHaurant, 1). 2'/a fr. ; Cafe lichinann; Volkshaiis liayuUnhtirtj, 
Bahnhof-Str. 58 (temperance). - Baths in thc^ Rhine, hcilow th(! bridge, 
open r,-i and 5-H, for ladies 2-6. -PjLKCTkkj Thamway to Nc'ihanxcti (Falls 
of tlie Rhin(!) every 10 niin., see p. 30. — Post Office, opposite the station. 

Srhaffh/iusen (1295'; pop. 18,000), a free imperial town down 
to 1501 and now capital of the Swiss canton of Schail'hauHcn, rctaina 
Baedkkek, Switzerland. 24th Edition. ^- 

34 /• Hout,'S. SCHAFFHAUSKN. f'rom linlr 

some of liu* foatures of a Sw;ibi;iii town of the ompiro. It is most 
pictures(|iu' when seen from the village o{ Feiwrthden, on the left 
hank of the Rhine, or from Villa ( hmioffenfeU [iliSi)')^ on the 
right bank, l*/^ M. to the W. (electric tramway from the station;. 
llr. Moser (d. 1874), the late owner of the villa, originated the 
grt'at Wafer Works in the Rhine (^outside the Miihlentor), for the 
supply of the factories of the town. The numerons oriel-windows 
of the old patrician houses in the inner town and the public foun- 
tains i^conip. [). 182) should be noticed. 

The AliNSTKit (PI. R,-j, a Romanesque basilica (12th cent.), once 
un abbey-church, is now a Protestant })arish-church; tlie interior 
was lately restored. The cloisters (restored in 1903-4; are partly 
Romanrsque, partly Gothic. The old bell, cast in 1486, the in- 
scription of which ( Vivos vocOj mortuos plancjOj falyura franyoj 
suggested Schiller's beautiful 'Lied von dcr Glocke', was replaced 
in 1898 by a new one with the same inscription, and is now placed 
beside the cloisters. — In the Vordergasse is the HaiLS zuvi Mifler, 
a i)icturesque building with oriel-windows, decorated wdth paint- 
ings on the facade by Tobias Stimmer (1570). — The RathauH 
fPl. 6; B, 2) has a large porch and a line panelled room of 1025, 
with a carved door. In the cantonal archives is a large antique 
onyx, representing a goddess of peace, in a rich Renaissance frame 
(adm. 11-12 gratis; at other times 1 fr.). 

In the Fronwag-Platz (PI. A, B, 2) is the Grosse Haus, an inter- 
esting patrician mansion, erected in the 14th cent, and rebuilt in 
the 10th and 17th centuries. — To the W., in the direction of the 
Herrenacker, stands the Getverhehalle (PI. 2; B, 2), a handsome 
Renaissance structure of 1617. — The hnthurneuin (PI. 3; A, 2;, in 
the Herrenacker, erected and presented to the town by J.C. I»nthurn 
(d. 1881), a native of Schatl'hausen and a London banker, contains 
a theatre, a picture-galleiy, a music-school, and concert-rooms. 
Opposite is the Museum (PL 5; A, 2), with antiquities (including 
those found at the Schweizersbild, in the Kesslerloch near Thayngen, 
etc.), natural history specimens, and the town-library. 

The Mlnot (PL H, 2), a round tower of several stories, 165' 
in diameter, with walls 10' thick and bomb-proof vaulting erected 
in 1504-82, commands the town (adm. for 1-2 pers. 50 c, 3 and 
more pers. 20 c. each; subterranean passage 50 c). A winding in- 
clined plane ascends to the platform, with restaurant and line view. 

In the pretty Casino Promenade (PL A, 2) is a bust of the Swiss 
historian Johannes von Miiller (b. at Schalfhausen, 1752; d. 1809). 
'J'he lofty terrace atlords a view of the Rhine and the Alps. 

From SehatThauHen to the Fulin of the Rhine (2 M.), see p. 36. Tram- 
way and carriages, hcc ]>. 30. - Eh'ctric tramway from the railway Htatioii 
in 6 rain. vi^\ StHghrunnen to the Sdiiitzetihaus on the Breite; thence 
hy a pleasant path to the (20 min.) SeckclanitHhiiHli , a hill with a tine 
view of the Alps ([)anorauia by Iinfeldj. To the N. a road leads to 

to Constance. REICHENAU. I. Route 8. 35 

(IV2 M.) Schiveizersbild, well-known for its prehistoric antiquities. — Fine 
views may be obtained from the Beringer Randen (belvedere) , 11/4 hr. 
to the W., and from the Hohe Rcmde7i (2955'), 3Va hrs. to the N.W., 
reached via Hemmental or Merishausen. 

From Schaffhausen to Zurich, see R. 12 ; via Etzwilen to Constance 
and Rorschach, see E,. 11. — Steamboat on the Rhine and Untersee to 
Constance (preferable in the reverse direction), see below. 

6 172 ^i- Herhlingen ; 64 M. Thayngen ; 67 M. Gottmadingen. 
— 71 M. Singen {Schweizerhof; Adler ; Krone; Ekkehard, all 
very fair), junction for the Black Forest Railway. About 3 M. to 
the N.W. rises the '^Hohentwiel (2265'), with grand ruins and a 
noble view (see Baedeker^ s Southern Germany). 

From Singen to Etzwilen, 8 M., railway in Va hr. (1 fr. 30, 90, 65 c). 
2V2 ^f- Arlen-Rielasirigen ; 5 M. Ramsen. We cross the Rhine beyond 
(7Va M.) Hemishofen (see below). — 8 M. Etzwilen (p. 41). 

751/2 M. Rickelshausen. — ll^j^ M. Radolfzell {Schiff; 
Krone; Sonne) ^ an old town on the Untersee, with a Gothic church 
of 1436. Near it, on the lake, is the Villa Seehalde, with a monu- 
ment to the poet Victor von Scheffel (d. 1886). — 78 M. Markel- 
fingen; 82 M. Allensbach ; 84 M. Hegne. — 86 M. Beichenau, 
station for the island of that name. 

The island of Reichenau (3 M. long, 1 M. wide), now belonging to 
Baden, was formerly the seat of a celebrated Benedictine abbey, founded 
in 724 and secularized in 1799. The Schaffhausen and Constance steamers 
touch at the island five times daily (see p. 36). The road from the shore 
to the island crosses a long embankment and then leads past the ruined 
tower of the castle of Schopfehi, which was destro^^ed as early as 1384, 
to (3Va M.) Mittelzell (boat from stat. Allensbach to Mittelzell in 1/4 hr.). 
The former collegiate church of St. George, near the houses of Oberzell, 
is a Romanesque basilica of the 9th and 10th cent., with interesting 
frescoes of the 10th century. — In the centre of the island lies its chief 
village, Mittelzell (Mohren; Bar), with 1000 inhabitants. The parish church, 
or MUnster, is the former abbey-church, which was consecrated in 806, 
and contains the remains of Charles the Fat, great-grandson of Charle- 
magne, who was dethroned in 887. The present edifice is a basilica of 
the 11th and 12th cent., borne by columns, with two transepts and a late- 
Gothic choir of 1448-51; the treasury, in the sacristy, contains several 
fine reliquaries. — The church of JJnterzell, on the N.W. side of the 
island, is another basilica of the 9-12th centuries. 

The train passes the large barracks of Petershausen and crosses 
the Rhine to (90 M.) Constance (p. 39), by an iron bridge embel- 
lished with statues. 

Steamboat from Schaffhausen to Constance. (Charts of tlie journey 
are sold for ZO c. on board the steamboats. The stations arc indicated 
b(;low by daggers. Pier above the bridge, n(!ar Schloss Munot (j). 34), 
opposite Fmarthalrn. The boat passes below tlie railway-bridge (p. 41). 
— Riglit: J'aradif's, formerly a uuiiiKMy. — f Left: linsinf/cn , with an 
old cliurcli. 

R. Katharinental, formerly a nunnery, now a h()H])ital for inciirabh'.s ; 
opposite (l(!ft) Villa, Rheinbirrn (girls' boarding-school). --f R. IHcssmhoftn 
(j). 41). The Rhine is croHscd hcrc^ by a covcncd wooden bridg(!, Iu'low 
which th(; steanicr lowers its funnel. — R. Rhein/dinffoi ; left, liihrrn. 
We now pass under a hantlsome railway-bridge (see |). 11). \i. Ilciiiinkofi n, 
with ihe pavilion of Wolhrm^tcin above (p. 42). II. Wdf/fnhansen. 

'3{\ I. Honh u. FAI.I.S OF T!IK KlllXK. 

t li. Stein Hin Rhein (p. 41), oomnuindi'il liy tlio chateau of Jlofun- 
klinyrii (|). 4-) and ooniMM'tcd with the village of liuri/ (p. 41) l)y a woo(Umi 

Ahovo stein is the island of St. ()thnnu\ with the chapel of tlial name. 
'I'he Hhiiie witlena, the steamer enters the Untersee. - - U. Eschmz (p. 12). 
— t L<- Otx^rstaad, an old mansion with a square tower, now occu])ied 
hy a factory; ht'yond it is the suppressed monastery of ()chni/t(/tn. 
t R. Maninurn (p. 42); in the wood, the ruin of Neuburij ; on the hank, 
the mansion of iilariscijij (now a school for boys). -- f L. Wafiijin 
(Hotel & Ueataurant zum Frieden). A road leads to (l'/4 M.) the cliateau 
of Marbach (now a sanatorium; tine view and garden), on a hill about 
ir.O' above the Untersee. 

t R. Sttck'bt>r)i (p. 42). Below it, the former nunnery of Ffhihach 
(now a foundry). - L. (Jairnhofen. 

T R. litrliiuftn (p. 42). The lake ex[)ands, and we now see the island 
of Reieheuau. On the hill to the ri^ht is the chateau of FjUinntsbcrif 
(i). 42). — t R. Manuenbach (p. 42), charmingly situated, above which is 
the chateau of Sahiistcin and farther on Areiienbcrg (p. 42). 

t L- Reichenau, on the island of Roichcnau (p. 35). — f R. Knna- 
fiiujen (p. 42;; on the hill above it, Schloss Wolfaberg (p. 42). — Wc now 
enter the narrow arm of the Rhine connecting tiie Untersee with the 
Lake of Constance. — f 1^- Gottiitben (Krone), with a chateau in which 
Huss and afterwards Pope John XXII. were confined in 1415. The 
chateau of tSuttcl, on the hill at the back of the village, is sumptuously 
titted uj), but visitors are admitted to the tower and park only. Beautiful 
retrospect of the Untersee, with the peaks of the Holigau in the distance. 

The banks now become fiat and at places marsliy. We thread our 
way through reedy shallows (1. Petefshausen, with large barracks), and 
at b'ngth pass under the handsome railway-bridge of Constance (j), 39). 
Passengers are landed at the pier with a lighthouse at its E. end. 

9. The Falls of the Rhine. 

Hotels. On the hill on the 7'ight bank, near the Baden stat. yru- 
haimeti (p. 33): *Sciivveizkkhof, 5 min. from the railway-station, 0])en from 
May to Oct., 180 beds, R. 37.^-9, B. l»/2, 1^. -^'/a-^Va, 1^- o-l, pens. 9-18 fr., 
with grounds extending down to the river and the finest view of the Falls 
and the Alps; *Bellkvue, at the rail, station, 70 beds, R. 3-5, B. I'/a, 
L. 3, I). 4, pens. 7-12 fr. --In the village of Neuhausen : Hotkl-Pknsion 
(tErmania, R. 3-4, B. 174, 1>. 2V2-3, pens. (5-10 f r. ; Hot. Oheuhkko, 3 min. 
from the Barlen station, R. 2-2V2J 1^- l'/4» pens. 5-7 fr., very fair; Hot. 
Badihchek Bahshof; H<rrEL Rheinfali., R. 2-3, B. l'/*, D- 3, ])ens. ()-8 fr., 
well spoken of; H6r. Schweizek- Baiinhof, 3 min. from the Swiss stat. 
Neuhauscn (p. 43), R. 2-3, pens. 6-9 fr., good. — On the left bank: Hot. 
Scm.OHs Laiten (p. 37), R. lVv»-2V2> ^- •^-^Va? pens. 5-6 fr. ; Hot. Witzhj, 
at stat. DachHen (p. 44), R. 2-2'/vjfr. Illumination of the Falls with 
I'lectric and Bengal lights every evening in August and on certain days 
in July, for which ^/4-l fr. is charged in the hotel-bill. — English Church 
in the 'Schweizerhof grounds. 

Thf stations for \\\^' Falls on the right bank arc Neuhauscn (p. :)3) 
on the Baden Railway and the station of the same name on the Swiss 
Railway (p. 4.">;; that on the left bank is DachscM (p. 44), on the Winter- 
thur and Zllrich line. The best way to see the P'alls is to start from 
Neuhausen and follow the rout(! described below (cross the ])ridge to Schloaa 
lAHiftn, descend to the Finchctz^ cross to the tSchldssc/um WUrth, and 
return along thf right bank, I'/a hr. in all). This round is often taken 
in the reverse direction, but as the FTschetz, the most striking i)oint of 
all, is th(;n visited first, the other points Jose much of their impressiveness. 
-From Dachsf'/i. we walk or drive to ('*/4 M.) Schloss Laufen, make the 
round above indicated, and return across the Rheinfall-BrUcke. — From 

Ul-l.:mlK M.I 


■^crjmifili Anstair vVii^ner A'l)*' 

FALLS OF THE RHL\^E. /• Boute 9. 37 

S chaff' hail sen (p. 33) electric tramway to Neiihausen every 10 min. (after 
8 p.m. every V4 hi'O in 13 min. (20 c); carriage with one horse for 1 pers. 
1 fr. 40, there and back 2 fr. 40 c, 2 persons 2 and 3 fr., etc.; to Schloss 
Laufen 1-2 pers. 4 fr., each addit. pers. 2 fr. Waiting is charged 1 fr. per 
hour. — All the points of view should be visited by those who desire an 
adequate impression of the Falls. 

The **Falls of the Rhine are in point of volume the grand- 
est in Central Europe. The Rhine takes three leaps over an irre- 
gular rocky ledge, which next to the left bank is about 60' high, 
and on the right bank about 48'. Above the Falls the river is 125 yds. 
broad. If the rapids and the cataracts a few hundred paces farther 
up are included, the total height of the Falls is nearly 100'. (Level 
of the Rhine below the falls 1180'.) In June and July the river is 
swollen with melting snow. Before 8 a.m. and after 3 p.m. rain- 
bows are formed by the sun in the clouds of silv^ery spray. The 
spectacle is also very impressive by moonlight. 

Of the four limestone rocks which rise above the Falls, that nearest 
the left bank has been worn by the action of the water to one-third of 
its original thickness, but has lately been buttressed with masonry. When 
viewed from a boat below the rocks seem to tremble. The central and 
highest rock, surmounted by a small pavilion, may be reached by boat, 
and ascended by a path protected by a railing. The Falls are seen here 
to the best advantage. The passage, which takes only a few minutes, is 
free from danger (1-2 pers. 3 fr. and fee; each additional person 1 fr.). — 
It is curious that no mention of these Falls occurs in history before 960. 
It has therefore been supposed that they did not exist until about a 
thousand years ago, and that, while the bed of the river below the falls 
has been hollowed by erosion, the deepening process above the falls has 
been retarded by the hardness of the rocky barrier above mentioned. 

Neuhausen Station of the Baden Railway (1453'), see p. 33. 
We take the road to the left, and after a few paces descend by a 
path to the right to the (5 min.) village. From the Swiss Station 
Neuhausen (1312'; p. 43) we follow the footpath to the left (the 
carriage- road ascends straight on), which leads past the Hotel 
Schweizer-Bahnhof to (10 min.) the village, where the two paths 
unite. We now descend across the Eglisau and Ziirich railway (p. 43) 
and follow the road for about 100 yds. The path to the left (guide- 
post) here leads to the Rheinfall-Briicke; in the middle and to the 
right are the direct routes to the Falls as described on p. 36. Those 
who wish to make the round indicated above take the shady path 
to the b'ft, passing the Gun and Warjgon Factory, to the (8 min.) 
^■Rheinfall-Briicke (210 yds.), which carries the AVintcrthur 
line over the Rhine a little above the Falls (p. 44). The nine arches 
vary in span (42-66'), as it was difficult to find foundations for the 
piers. The footway over the bridge affords a view of the rocky bed 
of the river and of the rapids above the; Kails. 

On the If'ft bank a path ascends to the left in 5 min. to the 
Schloss Laufen M360'), picturesquely situated on a wooded rock 
immediately above the Falls (adm. 1 fr.). The balcony and a jutting 
pavilion with coloured glass windows command a good survey of 
th(; F'alls and th^- environs. C^amfra obscura, 50 c. 

38 T. Rout^ 10. FRIKDHirnSHAKKN. 

Piiths (iescriul through the j^rounds to the chief points of view: 
an iron PaviUtm, the wooden KdnzcH^ and the '^Fischetz^ an iron 
platform projeetin«; over the foaniini; abyss. The scene is stupend- 
ous. The huire enierald-irreen volume of water thunders down at our 
very feet and bedews us with its spray. (Wateri)roofs on hire ; 20 c.) 

Boats are ready to ferry us across (50 c, return-fare 80 c.) to 
Schlosschen Worth (/////, R. 2'/.2fr. ; camera obscura), on an 
island opposite the Falls, which is connected with the ri<j^ht bank 
by a brid;^e. This point commands the finest general *View of the 
Falls. (Boat to the central rock, see p. 37.) AVe may now follow 
the path on the right bank, ascending the river (benches; splendid 
views^i and passing an Ahimhiiaiv Fdctory (left), to the road (p. 37). 
Or w»' may follow the river beyond the factory and ascend by the 
flight of steps to the left (protected by a hand-rail), which alibrds 
tine views of the tossing waters and leads to (10 min.) the village. 

A pleasant walk may alHO be taken from the Schlosschen Worth down 
tilt* rignt hank of the Rhine. The grounds of the Fischerholzli , to the W. 
of the Schweizerhof garden, afford picturesque glimpses. Numerous fossils 
are found among the rocks of the Falls and among the loose deposits near 
the Schlosflcheii Worth. — Pleasant excursions may he made from Neu- 
liausen to the '\ M.) llohfluh and the (2 M.) ScckeJamtshilsli (p. »J4); to 
the (1 M.) Ilnrdfluh in the Neuhauscn forCBt; and to (3 M.) the convent 
of Bheinnu (either hy land or water; comp. p. 43). 

10. From Friedrichshafen to Constance. 
Lake of Constance. 

Stkamhoat eight times daily in summer (thrice direct in l'/4 hr. ; live 
timuH via Mecrshurj^ in i^l^-I^U hr.). Between the chi(!f places on the lake, 
Frieilrirtisfuifpn, LiurJau, li/Pf/enz, Rorschach, Ronnuwhorti, Cotisf(U>c<\, 
}fecnfhurf/, rfhrrlinf/rn, and fAidiciqshafcn. the steamers (ai)out 2(5 in 
number) ply at least once daily, and on the chief routes (Friedrichshafen- 
Constance I'/g hr., FriedrichshaJPen-Romanshorn 50 min., Friedrichshafen- 
Rorsehach 1 hr. , Lindau - Roujanshorn I'/i hr. , Rorschach -Lindau 1 hr., 
Constance -Lindau 3 hrs.) 2-r) times daily. Good restaurants on hoard 
(I). 2Va-3 fr.> The lake heing neutral, luggage is liable to custom-house 
examination on arriving in Germany or Austria from Switzerland, and 
nominally in the reverse case also. Passengers from one German port to 
another may avoid these formalities by obtaining before embarkation a 
cuHtom-honse tick»'t for their luggage (gratis). 

The Lake of Constance (1306'; Ger. Bodeiisee, Lat. Ixicus Brigrni- 
tiviiH), an immense reservoir of the; Rhine, 207 sq. M. in area, is, from 
FJregenz to the influx of the Stockach, 40 M. long, about T'/a M. wide, and 
between Friedrichshafen and Uttwil 825' deep. In beauty of scenery the 
Uodensee cannot vie with the other Swiss lakes; hut its broad expniise 
of water, its w«.-ll-|)eoj)led hanks and green hills, the chain of the Appeii- 
zell Alps in the distance, the snow-clad Sentis in particular, and several 
peaks of the Vorarlbcrg Alps, visible in clear weather, present a very 
i>leasing scene. In rough weather sea-sickness is not uncommon. The 
best fish are ^ Fdchcn^ (a kind of salmon) and trout, and the best wine 
grown on the banks is the ^ MrprHhitrffrr\ 

'Fviedrichsh.&fen f^Kurr/ or frn- Hot . ; DnitfichcH Haiis ; Drai 
Konif/f" ; SonKP ; Sfchof; Serhofd)^ the S. terminus of the Wiirteni- 



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Kty.v.'f-ilfp' ' Romansh ori^ T) 

CONSTANCE. I. Route lo. 39 

berg Railway (to Stuttgart ^^j^-^ hrs.), with 5500 inhab., is a busy 
place in summer. Its lake-baths attract many visitors, and it boasts 
of a Kurhalle, with pleasant grounds on the lake. The Harbour 
with its lighthouse is 1 M. from the railway-station. 

Travellers going on by steamer keep their seats until the train reaches 
the terminus near the quay (restaurant, with terrace). Those arriving by 
steamer may take tickets on landing, and enter the train at once. 

The Constance steamer steers to the W. On the N. bank are 

Manzell, with the balloon-station of Count Zeppelin, the village of 

hnmenstaad, the chateaux of Herrsberg and Kirdiberg^ and the 

village of Hagnau. On the N.W. arm of the lake, the Ueberlinger 

See, we see the picturesque little town of Meersburg ; then the 

island of Mainau (p. 41) , and in the distance Ueberlingen. The 

steamer passes the promontory which separates the Ueberlinger 

See from the bay of Constance, and reaches (l^/g hr.) — 

Constance.— Hotels *Insel- Hotel (PI. a; C, 3), on the Do- 
minican island in the lake, with garden and fine view, April 1st to Nov. 1st, 
250 beds, R. 3-8, B. II/2, I>- ^1/2, S. 31/2, pens. 9-16 JC ; *See-H6tel (PI. b; 

C, 3), See-Str. 1, 70 beds, R. 21/2-51/2, B. I1/5, D. 3-4, pens. 61/2-I2 Ji] *H6tel 
Halm (PI. c; C, 6), opposite the railway-station, 90 beds, R. 21/2-3, B. I1/4, 

D. 3cJ; *Hecht (PL e; C, 4), 60 beds, R. 21/2-4, B. 1, D. 3 ,J{; *H6tel 
Terminus (PI. d; C, 5), opposite the railway-station, R. 21/2-4, B. 1, D. 
3 JC ; *H6t. Schnetzer (PI. g; B, C, 5), Marktstatte 15, 70 beds, R. 2-3 JC ; 
Badischer Hof (PI. h; B, 5); Krone (PI. f; C, 5), 80 beds, R. 2-4, B. 1, 
D. 3 c/*; Barbarossa (PI. i; B, 4), Falke (PI. k; B, 6), Schlussel (PI. 1; 
C, 5), Bayrischer Hof (PI. m; B, 5); Hohes Haus (PI. n; C, 4), Hohen- 
zollcrn-Str. 29; H6t.-Restaurant Maximilian, near the station, R. 2-3, 
B. 1 Jl. — Restaurants. *Schdnebeck, Victoria^ both opposite the station ; 
Schnetzer (see above) ; HohenzoUer, near the Stadt-Grarten ; Stephans-Kelle7^ ; 
Cafe Maximilian^ Bahnhof-Str. ; CafS Ilieber (also confectioner), Paradies- 
Str. b.~-Post Office (PI. C, 5), near the station. — Baths in the lake (PL D, 
5, 6), well fitted up (bath 40 pf . ; ferry 10 pf.). — English Church Service 
in summer. 

Constance (1335'; pop. 24,800), a free town of the Empire 
down to 1548, lies at the N.W. end of the Lake of Constance, at the 
efflux of the Rhine. The episcopal see, founded in 781, and held 
by 87 bishops in succession, was made an archbishopric and re- 
moved to Freiburg in 1827. 

The *MiNSTER (PL C, 4), founded in 1052, originally a cruciform 
Romanesque edifice, was rebuilt in its present form in 1435 and 
1680. The Gothic tower (250' high), designed by Htibsch, was 
erected in 1850-57; the open spire, with a platform on each side, 
commands an excellent survey of the town and lake (mountain-in- 
dicator at the top; adm. 20 pf.). 

Interior. On the doors of the chief portal are *Relief8 in 20 sectiouH, 
from the life of ffirist, carved in oak by Simon Haider and Nicliolas Lcrdi 
in 1^170. *('hoir-HtallH, with satirical sculpturos, of 1h(! Hainc date. Th(! 
oriran-loft was enriched in the RenaiHsance style in KISO. In th(^ navc^, 
which is borne by 10 columns, sixtf^en paces from tlie entrance, is a largo 
Hton(! slab, with a white H])ot on which Huss is said to hav(i stood on 
0th July, 1-115, when the ('onncil scntc^nced him to lu' burncMl at the stake. 
The N. chapel adjoining tin; choir contains a *I)eath of the Virgin, in 
painted stone, dated HOO. Beside it is a tasteful sjjiral staircase. 

40 T. Route 10. CONSTANTR. 

The Thkasury (verger Vr^ •^*) contains two missals of 1 170 and lolO, 
with miniatures. On tlie K. side of the ehurch is a rRvrr, containing the 
Chaptl I'T the St pnlchrr, a reproduction of the Holy Sejuilchre in stone, 
20' high (i;Uh cent.). Adjoining' the church on the N. stand two sides of 
the once handsome Ci.oistkrs, erected ahout 1180 in the Gothic style. 

The WKssKNnKKG Hai's (PI. 6; C, 4), now the property of the 
town, contains the collections of J. H. von Wessenbero^ (d. 1860), 
who for many years was chancellor of the diocese, and the towii- 
librarv (adin. dailv 0-12 and 2-5). 

The late-GothiV church of St. Stki'iikn (I'l. B, C,4), of the 15th 
cent., with its slender tower, but disfigured externally, contains 
interesting reliefs by H. Morink (16th cent.; in the choir). — The 
iSTADT-KANzi.Ki or town-hall (V\. B, 5), erected in 1592-94 in the 
Renaissance style, and embellished in 1864 on the fagade with fres- 
coes by F. WcupieVy relating to the history of Constance, contains 
the Municipal Arrhh'es (2800 charters, chiefly from the Reforma- 
tion period). The vestibule on the second floor has mural paintings 
by Hapberlin (1898;. Handsome inner court. 

The RosoARTKN (PI. 4; C, 5), the old guildhouse of the butchers, 
contains the * Rosf^arfen iT//^se?im of lacustrine remains, antiquities 
of Constance, and natural history specimens (open free on Wed., 
2-5, and Sun., 10.30-12; at other times 50 pf.). — In the market- 
place stands the Kaiser-Brnnnen (PI. 2, C, 5; 1897) and a Victory ^ 
by Baur ^Pl. 5; C, 5), erected in memory of the war of 1870-71. 

The Kaufhat-s fPl. C, 4, 5), on the lake, erected in 1 388, contains 
the large hall, 52 yds. long, 35 yds. wide, and borne by ten mas- 
sive oaken j)illars, where the conclave of cardinals met at the time 
of the Great Council (1414-18). The hall was adorned in 1875-85 
with frescoes by Pechf and Schvorer from the history of the town 
fadni. 20 pf.). Upstairs is a collection of Indian and Chinese curios- 
ities (20 pf.). — The Dominican Monastery (PI. a; C, 3, 4), in which 
Hass was confined, on an island, has been partly converted into a 
hotel Clnsel-Hotel', p. 39). The well-preserved Romanesque cloisters 
I'with frescoes by H?eberlin, illustrating the history of the mon- 
asteryj are worthy of a visit. 

Pleasant promenade in the Sfadf -Garten (PI. C, D, 4) on the 
lake, with a marble bust of Kmp. William I., a music-pavilion (band 
every evening in summer), and a charming view (mountain-indicator). 

The house in which IIuss was arrested in 1414, Ilusen-Strasse 04, near 
the Schnetztor (PI. B, 5), is indicated hy a tahlet with a i)ortrait of the 
Reformer in rolief, put up in 1878. Adjoining it is an old relief, of 1415, 
with deriuive voraes.- In the liriihl, '/« ^^- to the W. of the town, a large 
boulder with inscriptions ('HuHenstein') marks the spot where the Refor- 
mers sufTered martyrdom. 

Fine vi(;w of the lake and tlie Vorarlherj^ and Appenzell Alps from 
the *AI1 mnjirmdorffr Aum*i chin- Turin (\ hr. to the N,), 5 min. a])ovc the 
villa^'e of AlbiifnniHflDrf (Adler), on th(! road to the Mainau. — Pleasant 
walks to the Lorptto-Kaprlle (>/a hr.); the Jakob (HStel-Pension Waldhaus, 
pens. fy-k\ Jl; Vahr.); the Tohor (view-tower; 1 hr.); and the Kleine Rigi, 
ahove Mtlnsterlingcn (174 hr.). 

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ETZWILEN. i". Route u. 41 

In the N.W. arm of the Lake of Constance {Ueherlinger See, p. 39), 
11/2 M. from Constance, lies the charming island of *Mainau, formerly 
the seat of a commandery of the Teutonic Order, as is indicated by a 
cross on the S. side of the chateau, which was built in 1746. The island, 
IV2 M. in circumference, is connected with the mainland by an iron bridge 
650 paces long. Since 1853 it has been the property of the Grand-Duke 
of Baden, and is laid out in pleasure-grounds, where cypresses and other 
semi-tropical plants flourish in the open air. Near the chateau is a small 
restaurant. Steamboat from Constance via Meersburg in 1 hr. ; small boat 
(a pleasant trip of 1 hr.) 5 cd and fee; one-horse carr. 5-6, two-horse 10./^. 
"Walkers may take a shorter route, partly through pleasant woods (IV4 hr.). 

Railway from Constance to Romanshorn and Rorschach, see pp. 42, 4,S ; 
to S cTiaffTiausen and Bale, RR. 8, 11. Steamer to Schaffhausen recom- 
mended if time permit; see p. 36 and comp. R. 11. 

11. From Schaffhausen via Etzwilen to 
Constance, Romanshorn, and Rorschach. 

50 M. Railway in 2-3 V.> hrs. (fares 8 fr. 70 c, 6 fr., 4 fr.). 

Schaffhausen, see p. 33. The railway, threading a tunnel ^2 ^• 
long, describes a wide curve to the S., crosses the Rhine, and be- 
yond (1^4 M.) Feuerthalen (p. 34; fine view of Schaffhausen from 
the bridge) follows the left bank of that river. — 2^2 ^- Lang- 
wiesen (above, the former convent of Parodies); 4 M. Schlatt ; 
7 M. Diessenhofen (1364' ; Adler ; Lowe; Hirsch), a picturesque old 
place (1412 inhab.), a free town of the Empire in the middle ages. 

The railway leaves the Rhine, turns to the S.E. at the foot of 
the wooded Rodelherg, and proceeds via Schlattingen to (IO72 ^•) 
EtzTArilen (1446'; Hotel & Restaurant zur Eisenbahn)^ the junc- 
tion of the railway from Singen (Stuttgart, p. 35) to Winterthur 
and Zurich. 

From Etzwilen to Winterthur, 20 M., railway in 1 hr. — 3 M. Stamm- 
heim, at the foot of the vine-clad and wooded Stamtnhehner Berg (2043'). 
At (71/2 ^f-) Ossingcn we cross the Thiir. 12Va M. Thalheim-Altikon ; 15 M. 
Seuzach; 17 M. Oberwi7iterthur, the Vitoduruni of the Romans (p. 66). — 
20 M. Whiterthur and thence to (36 M.) Zurich, see p. 65. 

The railway approaches the Rhine again, and follows its left 
bank and farther on the Untersee (p. 42) to Constance. 

I2V2 M. Stein am Rhein (1364'). The station is on the left 
bank, in the village of Burg (Hot. Steinerhof; Hotel Bahnhof), 
where the walls of a Roman castruin with four towers have lately 
been uncovered. A wooden bridge crosses the Rhine to the pic- 
turesque old town (Hotel Kheinfels, with terrace on the river, R. 2-3, 
pens. 6-7 f r. ; Sonne; Dr. IJohni's Sanatorium, pens. 6-77'2 f^.), with 
1800 inhab. and many quaint old houses adorned with paintings. 
In the RathauH are frescoes by Haeberlin, stained glass, and old 
standards and armour. Above the Rhine bridge is the interesting 
Convent Museum of St. Ge(rrge (ndm. 1 fr., printed guide 1 fr.), 
an old Benedictine monastery in excellent ])resei\ -it i<>n. with inferior 
decorations of the 14-1 6th centuries. 

4e r. h'nuh- ft. STECKBORN 

TIh' neijjlibourinjf woods atYord pli'»sant walks. To tho N. of the town 
(40 lain. l>y road) rises the old castle of Hohenklingen (1915'; inn, 

?ien8. 1V«-5V« fr-"*. restored in 1897, conmiandin^^ a tine *Vi('w of the Al})s 
roiu Vorariher^ to the Jiini^fraii, and of the Untersee and the pieturi'scjne 
vallev of thr Rhine. — Another good point of view is tlie 'Wolkenstein 
(1922'), a rocky hill with a pavilion, IV4 hr. to the N.W. of Stein; we 
follow the road to (20 n)in.) a tinger-uost at the W. hasc of the Holien- 
klingen hill, and then take the path through the woods. 

In the Hhiiie is tho island of St. Othmar^ with a chapel. At 
(13V/., ^f-' I'^sche/iz the river widens to form tho Untersee. Fine 
view frotn tho piljj;riniago church of Klinytnzell , ^/^ hr. to tho 8.K. 
— l.'^Va ^^- ^f(ffti>fff^rf) (Ochs, at tho station), with a I'avourito 
hydropathic (140 bods, pons. 9-12 fr.), situated in a large park on 
the lake. 

19 M. Steckborn (Kronen R. 2, pens. 4-5 f r. ; Lo/ve; *Pnis. 
Glarisegy, Vj^ M. to the W., pens. 6-7 fr.), a small town (3500 in- 
hab.) with a picturesque old castle, now a poor-house. — At (21 M.) 
BerUiKjen 1 Krone) the Untersee attains its greatest width (5 M.). 
Before us lies tho island of Beichenau (p. 35) ; on a hill to the right 
is Sf'hl(tss KuffensbpTfiy built by Eugene Beauharnais, tho former 
viceroy of Italy, and now the property of Countess Reichenbach- 
Lessonitz. — 22V2 ^^- Mannenhach (*Hot.-Pens. Schitf, pons. 
h'h^l.^ fr.^ is charmingly situated below the handsome chateau of 
Saletisfein ; on a wooded terrace is the * Hot el- Pension Warfhvr() 
(April-Oct.; pons. 6-8 fr.). 

A t^'ood road ascends from Mannenbach to (1/4 hr.) the chateau of 
Arenenberg (1502'), situated on a wooded hill, with a heautifnl nark and 
^rardt'n (view). The chateau (adin. 1 fr., 2 pers. 1.50, ?> pers. 2 tr., each 
addit. pers. .50 c.), presented by the ex-Empress Eugenic to the canton of 
Thurgau in 190C., contains pictures, sculptures, and other reminiscences 
of the Napoleonic family. 

On the height to the right is tho chateau of Hard (now a sana- 
toria ni for neuropathies). 24 M. Ermatingen C^Adler, with gar- 
den, 100 beds, pens. 6-8 fr.) is prettily situated on a headland; 
above it is Srhhm Wolfshevf/ (1692' ; ^Hotel-Pension, 70 beds, 
pens. 6-8 fr.j, with a park and fine view. — The Untersee ends 
here, and the railway follows the narrow arm of the Rhine con- 
necting it with the Lake of Constance. 26^2 ^- Tdgervnlen. On 
the Rhine, to the left, lies Goftlieben (p. 36). 

28 M. E fH m ishoff'n- I'jf/elshofett (at Emmishofen Pens. Sof^schau, 
with garden, pens. 4-5 fr.); 29 M. Constance (a terminal station), 
see p. 39. 

Between t'onstanco .ind Korschach the line skirts tho Lake of 
Consfanre U-iews to the left;. 30 M. Kreuzlingen (Lowe; 
Schvjeizerh(tf; Bellemte, a sanatorium for n(Miro[)athics), a pleas- 
ant littlo' town (5600 inhab.) with thr; old Augustine abbey of that 
name, now an agricultural school and semirjary for teachers. The 
church contains a 'Mount of Olives', with about 2000 small figures, 
carved in wood in the 18th cent, by a Tyrolese scul])tor. 

ROMANSHOKN . ^^«i>, v- ss,- l.R.n. 43 

3272 ^- Munsterlingen (Pens. Schelling, 372-5 fr.), with a 
lunatic asylum. 34 M. Altnau (Krone, pens. 4-6 fr.) ; 36 M. Gut- 
tingen (Lamm), with a chateau; 37^2 ^- Kesswil (Bar; Pens. See- 
thal) ; to the left, on the lake, the Mooshurg. 38V2 M. Uttwil (*Bad- 
Hotel, 90 beds, pens. 5-7 fr.), pleasantly situated. 

41 M. Romansliorn (*Bail. Restaurant ; Hotel Bodan, with 
garden, R. 2-3, B. IV4, D. 23/4, pens. Q-S fr. ; Falke, R. 2-21/2, pens. 
6-8 fr. ; Schiff. Bahnhofy both near the station, Jdger), a small 
town with 5973 inhab., is the junction of the railways to Ziirich 
(R. 15) and to St. Gallen-Rapperswil (R. 17). Steamers to Friedrichs- 
hafen and Lindau see p. 65. 

The Lake of Constance now attains its greatest breadth (8 M ). 
43 M. Egnach. — 4.6 M. Arbon (*Bar, R. 21/2-^^, pens. 61/2-8 fr.; 
Lindenhofj R. 272-3^/2, R. 1 fr-; Kreuz; Pens. SeebadJ, an in- 
dustrial town with 10,000 inhab., on the site of the Roman Arbor 
Felix. — 4:81^. Horn (*H6tel Bad Horn, pens. 572-7 fr.), with a 
chateau of the Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal. 

50 M. Rorschach, see p. 70. 

12. Prom Schaflfhausen to Zurich. 

a. Vift Eglisau. 

29 M. Railway in 1-\^U In*- 1 fares 5 fr. , 3 fr. 50, 2 fr. 50 c. (To 
Eglisan, l.S M., in 28-45 min. ; 2 fr. 10, 1 fr. 50, 1 fr. 5 c.) 

Schaffhausen, see p. 33. The line skirts the Casino Promenade 
(to the right, on a higher level, the Waldshut line, see p. 33) and 
soon approaches the Rhine. 174 M. Swiss Station Neuhausen 
(IL()t. Schweizer Bahnhof) , the station for the Falls of the Rhine 
(\). 36). The line then threads a tunnel below the village of Ncu- 
hausen and traverses the grounds of the Schweizerhof (p. 36), 
affording a fine *View of the Falls to the left. Beyond the Fischer- 
holzli tunnel (p. 38) the train quits the river. — 4 M. Altenhurg- 
Rheinau (1413'). 

A road leads hence vi^ Altenhurg to (IV2 M.) Rheinau (Lowe, un- 
pretending; Salm), a Swiss village with IHOO inhab. and an important 
wino-tradc, on a peninsula formed by the Rhine. On an island in the 
river is the former Benedictine A])bf^y of Rhciyiaa, founded in 778 by the 
Alemannian Duke Wolfhart, secularized in 1802, and now a bospital. The 
church is in the baroque style (1710) and contains a valuable treasury. 

5 M. Jesfetten fLowe) and (772 M.) Lottstetten (Engol) arc both 
in the Duchy of leaden. Crossing the Swiss frontier, we dcHCOiid to 
(972 M.) Rafz (Kreuz) and (11 M.) HUnfwangen-Wil, pass the little 
town of Eglisau (1290'; JTirsch; Krone) on the right bank, and 
cross the Rhine bv a great viaduct (500yds. long; central span 
98 yds.: height 194') to (I272 M.) stat. EqlisaM (\U\\\. Hest.Mnrant; 
to Waldshut, p. 66). 147^ M. Glaitfeldcn; tbeii through the 
Hardwald to (167jj M.j Biilach (1787' ; poj). 2177; Kojjf; Krvuz ; 

4i /. lioiifr /:{. ZORI^'iI. Pnirdnil 

fft'iinfjarfcn Sanaftrriuiny Villa Trduf/wim, both for vt'ii^rtaiians), 
a little town, once fortilied (to WinttTthur, p. 66). — 19 M. Nieder- 
fflaff ijunction for Wrttiiiirm, p. 30^ — 2OV2 M. Obcn/laff. 

Branch-liiic to (7 M.. in '/^ In.) yit'(irrice)iin<(cn, via (.'i M.) Diclsdorf 
(MIO'; Son lie; Post), I'/a M. l)t'low the prettily situated old town of 
Regeusberg (2020'; Krone, pens, from 3'/-i fr.), on the E. smir of tho 
lAiift rnh( I'll (p. 29). Fine view from tlie tower of the old castle (now an 
institution for hoys of weak intellect); still more extensive from the 
llochtmcht (2830'),' 1 hr. farther on. 

The line skirt.s the Glcift. 227o M. Rumlaufi ; 24 M. Glait- 
bnigf); 257.^ M. Oniikun. Theiico to (29 M.) Zilrirh, sec p. 65. 

I). Vm Winterthur. 

36«/9 M. Uaii.w AY in IV-'At hrs. (fares 6 fr. 96, 4 fr. 20 c, 3 fi .). Views 
on the Hffht. 

From Schatrh.nistMi to (2 M.) Swiss NeuhoMsefij see p. 43. The 
line (liv»M*«;es to the left from that via Eglisau (see above), passes 
throuf^h a lon<^ euttinp; and crosses the Rlieinfall-Briickc (p. 37), 
affording a <;limpse of the falls to the right. It then threads a tunnel, 
71 yds. loni:, under Schloss Laufen (\). 37). 

3 M. Dachsen 1 1 295' ; Ifotel Witzig, R. 2-2V.„ W. V^, 1). 2'^, 
pens. 5 fr.) lies '^j^ >[. to the S. of Schloss Laufen (comp. p. 36). 
As the train proceeds it affords pleasing views of the bluish-green 
Rhine in its deep and narrow channel, enclosed by wooded banks. 

5V2M. Mrirthalcn. liefore aOV2 M.) Andeifingen (1328' ; 
Lowe), with its lofty church-tower, we cross the Thar by an iron 
bridge 1 13' high. — 13 M. Hengfjart ; 14 M. Hettlingen. The vine- 
clad slopes of Neffenbach, to the right, produce the best wines in N. 
Switzerland. Near Winterthur opens the broad valley of the Toss. 

I8V2 ^I- Winterthnr, and thence to (35 V2 M.) Ziirirh, see p. 65. 

13. Zurich and its Environs. 

Railway Stations. Ccydral Station (PI. H, I, 3, 4; ^Ilestaurant), 
at the X. end of the town, •V4 M. from tho lake (hotel-omnibus 'Vrl ^*- 5 
eabs, see p. 4B,>. The hotel-servants, who are not aduiitted to the j)lat- 
forra . deposit lupgape in the waitin{ji:-rooms, whence it is conveyed to 
the train hy the railway-porters. — W^2>r?iArow, Enge (PI. 1), 2; p. 49), 
and Wollvthnfni , stations of the railway on the left hank of the lake 
{p. bi)). — Lf'ffen Cfor Ilnterstrass and Wi|>kin{,'en), Stndrlhofen (PI. E, 6), 
and Tiefrnhrunnrti (j), 02), stations of the railway on tin; right l)ank to 
Meilen and Rajjperswil (p. (^2). —Sdnau (Pi. F, 1), for the Uctlihcrf/ ami 
th»' Sihltfil Lijir (v\. 55). — Steamboats ('see pp. 47, 56) start from the 
Bttrkli-Platz ^PI. K, 4) and the Theater-Platz (PI. E, 5). 

Hotels. ^Jr.-HOt. Bakk au Lac (PI. a; E, .3), with a jjretty garden and 
delightful view, 250 beds, R. e)-20, B. 2, L. 5, T). <>, pens, from 15, omn. 
1 fr.; ♦Hot. Bki.levi'E ait TiAc (PI. h; E, 4), with tine view, 175 h'MJs, 
K. 4»/,-10, B. P/^, L. 4, I). 5, pens. 11-18 f r. ; *Savoy Hot. Bauk en 
ViM.E (PI. f; F, a), Po8t-Str. 12, 190 beds, R. 4-8, B. 1^/4, L. 4, D. 5, 
pens. 10-18 fr.; ♦Doli>kk (ikand IIotei.^ on the Zllrichherg (2050'), 2 M. 
to the E. (Hce p. 54; motor-cah in 8 min., 3 fr.), 15th May-lst Oct., 210 






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Notes. ZDEICH. /. Route 13. 45 

beds, R. 4-10, B. 13/4, L. 4, D. 0, pens.. 13-20 fr. ; *aRAND-H6T. National 
& Terminus (PI. d ; H, 3), 130 beds, R. 5-8, B. 13/^, L. 4, D. 5, pens, from 
12 fr., *H6t. Victoria (Pl.c; H,3), 120 beds, R. 4-10, B. 13/4, D. 6, pens. 
from 12 fr., *H6t. Royal Habis (Pl.g; H, 3), 190 beds, R. 3Va-'', B. IV2, 
D. 4, pens. 9-12 fr., these three opposite the station; *St. Gotthakd (Pl.k; 
H, 3), 200 beds, R. 31/2-6, B. IV2, I>. 4, S. 31/2, pens, from 9 fr., near the 
station; *H6t. -Pens. Eden au Lac (PI. ed; D, 5), Uto-Quai , near the 
theatre (p. 49), 100 beds, R. 4-8, B. IV2, ^- 4, pens. 10-15 fr. ; *H6t. 
Pelikan (PI. pa; G-, 3), Pelikan-Str. 3, 90 beds, R. 3V2-5, B. IV2, B- 3V2, 
pens. 9-12 f r. ; *H6t. de l'Epee (PI. e; G, 4), Weinplatz 10, 70 beds, 
R. 2V2-4, I). 3, S. 21/2, pens. 9-10 fr. ; Hot. Central (Pl.o; H, 4), on the 
right bank of the Limmat, near the station, 120 beds, R. 3-5, D. 31/25 
pens. 9-12 f r. ; Hot. Beatus (PI. v; H, 4), Beatengasse 9, R. 272-3, pens. 
8-10 fr. ; *H6t. Merkur (PI. m; H, 4), Schiitzengasse, R. 2V2-4, D. 31/2, pens. 
7-9 fr. ; *H6t. Simplon (PI. si ; H, 3), Schiitzengasse 16, 90 beds, R. 21/2-31/2, 
D. 3, pens. 8-10 fr. ; Hot. Albula, Schiitzengasse 3, R. I1/2-3, B. 1 fr. ; Hotel 
MoNOPOL (PL z; H, 3), Linth-Eschergasse 22, R. 2-3, B. I1/4, D. 2-3 fr. ; Stadt- 
HOF (PL n; H, 3, 4), R. 2-4, B. I1/4, D. 2i/ij fr. ; Hot. BrDnig (PL x; H, 4), 
R. from 21/2, B. 1, D. 2 f r. ; Hot. de la Poste (PL i; H, 4), R. 2-31/2, 
B. 11/4, D. 11/2-21/2 fr. ; Hotel Wanner (PL 1; H, 3), Bahnhof-Str. 80, R. 21/2-4, 
B. 11/4, pens. 71/2-10 fr. ; Hotel Centralpost, in the Centralhof (PL F, 3, 4), 
R. 2-3, pens. 6-7 f r. ; *Schweizerhof (PI. p ; G, 4), 42 bdds, R. from 2i/a, B. I1/4, 
D. 3, pens. 71/2-91/a fr., *Limmathof (PL q; H, 4), 98 beds, R. from 21/2, 
B. 11/4, D. 3fr., Hotel Jura (PL j; G, 4), R. 2-21/2, B. 1, D. I1/2-2, pens. 
6-8 fr., these three on the Limmat-Quai ; *Croix Blanche (PL kr; D, 5), 
R. 21/2-3, B. 11/4,' pens. 5-7 fr. ; Hot. Henne (PL he; F, 4), RUden-Platz 1, 
R. 2-3, B. 1 fr. ; Bauer's Hotel Garni (PL y ; H, 3, 4), Beatengasse 13, 
R. 21/2-3, B. 11/4 fr., well spoken of; Park Hotel Garni (PL w; H, 3), 
Linth-Escher-Platz, R. 3-4 fr. ; Schwan, Rennweg (PL G, 3); Schvvarzer 
Adler, Niederdorf-Str. 9 (PL G, H, 4); Rotes Haus (PL r; F, 4), Maikt- 
gasse 17; Seehof (PL s; F, 4, 5), Sonnen-Quai; Augustinerhof (Evan- 
gelisches Hospiz), PetersStr. 8 (PL F, 3), R. 2-31/2, pens. 5-6 fr.; Goldner 
Stern (PL st; E, 5), Freieckgasse 1, R. 2-3 fr., well spoken of; Glockenhof 
(ChristUches Hospiz), Sihl-Str. 33, R. 2i/a-4, B. 1, D. 2, pens. 51/2-71/2 fr. ; 
Pfauen (PL t; F, 6), Heim-Platz, R. from 21/2, B. I1/4, 1). I1/2-2, pens. 
5 fr., good; Hot. Phoenix, at Fluntern (p. 47); *H6t. Mythen (PL u; C, 2), 
40 hcds, R. 2i/a-4, pens. 7-9 fr., near the Enge station (p. 56). 

Pensions. Neptun, Seefeld-Str. 15 (PL D, 5, 6; pens. 6-8 fr.); Tiefe- 
NAU, at Hottingen, Stein wies-Str. 8 (PL F, 6; pens. 6-8 fr.); Beau-Site, 
Dufour-Str. 40 (PL B-D, 6, 5; pens. 6-8 fr.); Schanzenberg, Schonberg- 
Str. 1 (PL G, H, 5, 6; 8-12 fr.); Belmont, Schonberggassc 2 (PL G, 6; 
6-9 fr.); Hohenlinden, Clausius-Str. 36 (PL H, I, 5; 5-7 fr.); BEAU-Si:J0UR, 
Goethe-Str. 14 (PL U, E, 5; 5-7 fr.); Fortuna, MUhlebach-Str. 55 (PI. D, 6; 
(7-10 fr.); Bad-Hotel & Pens. Muhlebach, MUhlebach-Str. 70 (pens. 6-8 fr.); 
Palmy^ra (for ladies), Neptun-Str. 44 (41/2-6 fr.); Delphin, ]Sltihlebach-Str. 
(PL D, 6; 5-7 fr.) ; Stadt Munchen, StUssihofstatt; Pens. Belvoir Park 
(p. 47; from 6i/afr.); Pens. Schelling-Pfister, ZUrichberg, Gloria-Str. 70 
(41/2-51/2 fr.); Plattenhof, Zlirichberg-Str. 15 (4V2-5 fr-); ^illa Montana, 
Zurich herg-Str. K; (5-6 fr.); Hagele, Platten-Str. 19 (PI. G, H, 6; 5-6 fr.); 
B^:r\volff, Rimi-Str. 7 (7-81/2 fr.); Weber, Weinberg-Str. 152 (5 fr.); 
Scmmelzbeicg, Schniclzherg-Str. 18 (PJ. I, 6; 4V2-6 fr.); Sternvvartp:, Hoch- 
Str. 37 (PI. I, K, 6; 6-8 fr.); Jakohhhurg (1970'; pens, from 6 fr.) and 
SoNNENBERG (7-10 ff.), ZUrichberg, with restaurant and fine view. - *H6t. 
Pens. Waldhac's Bolder (p. 5-4), 90 beds, |)ens. 8-14 f r. ; *Pens. Doldkk- 
HUK(J, 35 b(dH, peiiH. 8-20 fr. ; I'ens. Oj{ERL.\Nr>Kii, near tlic wood and the 
Holder Park, nenH. 7-12 fr. Sanatouk m Lemkndkik Kijaft, Jicar the 
WaldhauH, 55 neds, j)en8. incl. medical treatment 95-120 fr. weekly. 
KuKHAUK ZuKicHBKK(j (2100'), a temj)erance iiotel, "/j M. from tlio churcli 
of Fluntern (tramway, p. 47), frequejitfd by the Swins, plain, pciiH. .'U-i fr. 
Kiicanhtalt Albihrikdkn, 1 M. From tramway-station JIcuriJMl, at th(! foot 
of the Uetliberg, 80 beds, pons. 7-9 fr. - *H6t.-Pknh. Uetliukkg, H6t.- 
Pknb. Uto-Staffel, and IIOt.-Pens. Annabuko, aee pp. 64, 65. 

40 i- ^^'>"f' ''*' ZOHTCH. Practical 

Restaurauts O'^'^'i" •'^"•l wiur). ^G^r.-Hot. liuur an Iaic (p. 14; oii- 
tianco Tlialstr.); *StH'i)y Hot. Ikiur fn Vilte (p. It; enti*. Wauggusso), 
D. 4 f r. ; Victoria, Royal, and St. Gotthant, at tlio hottils (p. 45); Irrauia 
(p. 47; Urania Bar in the evening); Cafe- Restaurant du Nord, Restaur. 
an Pont, both op{)osite tlie rail, station; VioDia Cafe, Bahnhof-Str. 81; 
Alt^trojwle, Stadthans-Quai 11; Krone)ihaU< , Riinii-Str. 4; Continental, 
near the theatre, on the lake; Orsini (Mnnich and IMlsen hcer), Zunft- 
haus zur Waaff, hoth in the MUnsterhof; Kdshiittc, lvathans-Q,n;ii 18; 
Saffran, opposite the Ratlians; Zinnmrleuten, Jiinnnat Q,uai, D. 2 iw, 
good; Sanaalp, Ankengasse (tish-dinners); Strohhof, Angustinergasse, D. 
with wine 2 fr. —Beer also at the Kropf, in Gassen (PI. V, .'J, 4), Mnnich 
beer; Blaue Fahne, Mllnstergasse ; Metzf/erbrdu, Heatengasse; Franzis- 
kaner, corner of Stllssihofstatt and Niederdorf-Str. ; Drahtseh/nidli, with 
garden on the Liuunat, opposite the Platzsj)itz (p. 51).- "Wine. Veltliner 
Keller, SciilUsselgasse 8, near St. Peter's; Orsini (see above;; Waliiscr 
Weinstube, Weingasse 5, Limniat-t|nai; St. Gotthard {sac above); Wan)ier 
(see p. 46); Gorgot, Mlhisti'rgasse 15 (S[)anish wines); Bodef/a, Bahnhof- 
Str. 22 (Spanish and other wines). Vegetarian Restaurants. rc//r- 
tarierheim, Sihl-Str. 26; Thaltjsia, Ilolbein-Str. 25; Pofnona, Meuniarkt 7. 
— Temperance Restaurants. Karl der Grosse, Kirciigasse 14 ; Blauer 
Seidcnhof, Seidengasse 7; Olivenbayin, Stadelhofer- Str. 10; Kurhaiis 
Zfirichberi/ (p. 45). 

Caf^S. Caf^ de la Terrasse, adjoining the Hot. Ballevue (p. 44); 
Urania (p. 47; on the gronndfioor and in the tower, with lift and fine 
view); Vienna Caf*^, Bahnhof-Str. 81; Caf6 Central, in the Hot. Central 
(p. 45); CUfe'-Bar, in the Hot. Banr an Lac. — Confectioners. Sjyriiuf/li, 
Parade-Platz ; Rupp, Waaggasse 5; Schurter-Rickli, Bahnhof-Platz 1; 
lAeber, Bournj, both on the Sonnen-C|nai. 

Baths in the lake at the Biirkli-Platz (PL E, 4), the snbnrb of Enge 
(PL C, 3), at the Uto-Quai (PLC, 5), and, for ladies, at the Mythen-Qnai 
(PL B, 8), and in the Liminat below the Bauschanzc (PL E, F, 4). Neu- 
miinster Baths, at the S. end of the town. — Warm Baths (vaponr, etc.): 
* Central-Bad, Waldmann-Str. 9 (PL E, F, 6); 'KUiihlebach Baths (p. 45), 
MUhlebach-Str. 70; Baurlac Baths, Biirsen-Str. 27; Miihlegasse Baths, op- 
posite the Prediger-Kirche (PL G, 5); Adlerburt/, Stadelhofer-Platz (PL E, 5). 

Central Post and Telegraph Office (PL F, 4), Kai-plergasse, at 
the Stadthatis-Q,uai (p. 49). Several branch-offices. All post-ottices are open 
from 10 to 12 a.m. (the office at the Central Station also from 6 to 7 p.m.). 

Cabs. Motor Cabs (every y min. of waiting 10 c. ; 50 lbs. of Inggage 
25 c): 1-2 persons within the town and to Ktlsnacht, llUsclilikon, or See- 
baci), 70 c. up to 500 m«'tres (ca. i/;i M.), every 250 m. more 10 c. ; more 
than 2 pers. and beyond the above-mentioned limits 70 c. up to 1500 m., 
every 150 m. more 10 c. ; from 10 p.m. to a.m. one or more persons 70 c. 
up to 250 m.; every 125 m. more 10 c. — Taximeter Cars (every 2 min. of 
waiting 10 c.): 1-2 pers. up to 750 m. 1 fr., every 250 m. more 10 c. ; 3-4 per- 
sons up to BOO m. 1 fr., every 200 m. more 10 c. ; at night or nj)hill 1-4 pers. 
as far as :;75 ni. 1 fr., every 125 m. more 10 c. — Oiidinarv Cahs: 1-2 ])erson8 
«/4 hr. 80 c, 3-4 pers. 1 fr. 20 c. ; '/a In., 1 fr. 50 or 1 fr. 90 c. ; 1 hr., 2 fr. 50 
or 3 f r. 30 c. ; double fares at night. 

Tramways (cars every 10 rain.; fare 10-20 c). 1 (white boards). 
Tiefenbrunnen Sfatifm (p. H2; PI. beyond B, 6)-Bellevue-Platz (PL E, 5) - 
Central Station (Pi. H, 3; - Parade-Platz (PI. F, 3) -Tunnel-Strasse (across 
the railway; PI. E, 2) - .Morgenthal (PI. beyond A, 1,2).— 2 (red boards). 
Buruwies (PI. beyond D, »>)- Belb;vue-Platz (PI. E, 5) -Parade-Platz (PL 
F, 3)-Sihl Bridge (PL tr, 2)-Marien-StraHHe (PL Ixyond (f, \)- liar dan- Alt- 
atetten Cp. ;jO;. — 3 (greeu boards;. Ileurvd (P\. beyond G, 1)- Central 
Station (PI. H, 3)-Pfauen (Vl. F, Cj)- Kreuzjdatz (PI. beyond D, C) - Ronier- 
hof (PL beyond E, ^>)- KLusplatz. — 4 (violet boards). Tiefenfjrunium {Vl. 
beyond B, 6) -Bellevue-Platz (PL E, 5) -Leonhard - Platz (PI. H, 4) - Central 
Station (PI. H, 4) -Limmat-Strasse (PL K, 2) - Hard-StrasHe-Aori/ or Wip- 
kinger ■ Briicke; thence to HOngy (p. 47; PL beyond K, 2) direct cars 

Notes. ZURICH. /. Route 13. 47 

from the central station (yellow; 35 c). — 5 (brown boards). Freya-Strasse 
(PI. beyond (>, 1)-Parade-Platz (PL F, 3) - Bellevue-Platz (PI. E. 5)-Pfauen- 
Platte (PI. Gr, H, Q)- Church of Fluntern (PL beyond H, 6); from Platte 
branch-line to the Polytechnic (PL H, 5). — 6 (yellow boards). Marien- 
Strasse (PL beyond Gt, 1) - Central Station (PL H, 3) -Polytechnic (PL H, 5) - 
Rigi Quarter Cable Tramway (PL beyond K, 5 ; ascent 3Va min. ; fare up 
20, down 10 c). — 7 (black boards). Schaffhauser-Strasse (PL beyond K, 4) - 
Weinberg-Strasse (PL K, 4) -Central Station (PL H, 3) -Parade-Platz (PL 
F, 3) - Tunnel-Strasse (PL E, 2) - Allniend-Alhisgiltli (PL beyond C, 1 ; 20 c). 

— 8 (red square boards). Helmhans (PL E, 4) -Parade-Platz (PL P, 3)- 
Stocker-Strasse (PL E, F, 2)-Selnau Station (PL F, 1, 2) - Stauf facher-Str. 
(PL G, 1) - Feld-Strasse (PL beyond I, 1)-Militar-Str. (PL I, H, 1,2) -Cen- 
tral Station (PL H, 3). — 9 (yellow boards). Rdmerhof (PJ. beyond E, 5)- 
Pfauen-Bellevue-Platz-^/igre Station (PL D, 2). 

Ziirichb erg-Balm (cable tramway) from the Limmat-Q,uai to the 
Polytechnic (PL H, 4, 5), every 5-6 min.; fare, in either direction, 10 c. ; 
journey 2Va min.). — Bolder Cable Tramway, see p. 54. — Oerlikon 
Tramway (green cars) from the Leonhard-Platz (PL H, 4) via Unterstrass 
to Oerlikon (p. 65), Seebach, and Glattbrugg (or Schwanendingen), 10-30 c. 
— Iiimmiat Valley E lectric Tramway (yellow cars) from Marien-Str. 
(tramways No. 2 and 6) to Altstetten (p. 30), Schlieren (p. 30; branch to 
Weiningen), and Dietikon (p. 30; 50 c). 

Steam. Launches ('Dampfschwalben') ply on the lake-front of the 
town about every V4 br. in the inner 'rayon', and hourly in the outer 
'rayon' (fares 10-50 c. ; circular trips 1-3 fr.). Stations on the right bank : 
Burkli-Platz {Bahnhof-Str. ; PL E, 4); Theatre (PL D, 5); Mainau- 
Strasse; Ziirichhorn; T iefenhrunnen ; Zollikon; and Kusnacht. Stations 
on the left bank: Bilrkli-Platz (Bahnhof-Str.); Alpen-Quai ; Mythen-Quai 
(Enge and Belvoir Park): Wollishofen; Monchhof; Bendlikon; Riisch- 
likon; Ludretikon; and Thalwil (p. 56). 

Motor Launclies (near the Hotel Bellevue, etc.), 5-7 fr. per hour 
for 1-3 pers. ; every additional person 50 c. more. Rowing Boats 60 c- 
1 fr. 60 c. per hour, according to the size of the boat and to the number 
of persons. Sailing Boats IV2 fr. per hour ; boatman 1 fr. per hour. 

Theatres. Stadt- Theater (PL D, 5), Uto-Q,uai; performances from 
Sept. 16th to May 1st. — Pfauen- Theater (PL F, 6), Heimplatz, comedies and 
dramas. — Cor so- Theater, Theater-Strasse (PL E, 5), Urania Theatre (see 
below), both for variety performances, with restaurant and concert rooms. 

— Panorama (Battle of Spicheren), on the Uto-Quai (PL C, 5; open daily, 
from 9 a.m. till dusk; adm. 1 fr.. Sun. 50 c). — Urania (PL G-, 3), Urania- 
Str. a public observatory, with a tower 130' in height (lift) and a large 
telescope, adm. 1 fr., at night (till 11 p.m.) IV2 Ir- Cafe-Restaurant, see p. 46. 

Popular Resorts. Tonhalle (PL D, E, 3; p. 49), Alpen-Quai, with 
restaurant, concerts daily at 4 and 8 p.m., in the cupola hall or (in fine 
weather) in the garden (50 c.-l ir.).- Belvoir Park (PL B, 2; p. 49), at the 
S. extremity of the Alpen-Q,uai, with restaurant; entrances in the See- 
strasse (tramway-station), in tiie Lavater-Str., and on the Mythen-Quai (sta- 
tion of the steam-launches). — Waldhaus Bolder, see p. 54. — Reatauraiit 
Rigiblick, see j). 54. — The Waid on the Kdferberg, 3 M. to the N.W. of 
the town; pleasant route via Drahtschmidli (p. 46), or by tramway (Hard- 
Str. to Hongg, No. 4, p. 46) to the station of Waid^traH.He, thence to the 
right on foot in 20 min. to the restaurant, with charming view. — Ziirich- 
horn Park, see p. 54. — The Uetlibcrg (railway in Va '>r.), sec ]). 54. 

Money Changers. At tiie ("entral Station (p. 41); Th(>8. Cook A Son 
(see helowj; Ziircher Cantonal- Bank, Parade-Platz «; Schn (izrrisiin- 
Credit- Anatalt, Bahnhof-Str. 23; Kugler & Co., Post-Str. 2. — Information 
as to excursions, ohjects of interest, etc., at the Enquiry Ofjlcr, Studt- 
hauH-Quai 1 (PI. E,4; week-days 8-12 and 2-<;, Sun. 10-12). -Otliceof Thonum 
Cook (fc Son, FraumllnHter-Str. 2, Bilrkli-Platz. 

4^ /. HoNte i:i. ZCUlUll. Sititatio)!. 

^English Church Ser\ric0 in IIm" Church of Si. Audww ^ Hohe 
Pionu'iiatlc ^ti;iiii\v;iy station I'taiu'ii, IM. K, (I), on Sun. at 8 a.nj., 10. .'JO 
a.m., ami .).;;u [MU. ; cliaplain, liev. John Hnrston, ZUriohherg-Str. 21. 

British Consul-G0ne^^ll, sir Uvnrn Atujst, K. (J. M. a., Altictl 
Ksclit'i-l'lat/, lo; ollice-liom.s iMi*. Vico-CouHul, J. (.'. Miliu/an. — American 
Cousul-General, Hubert Mansfield; Vice & Dopiity-l'onsnl, Arthur J. 
llundii^ Fiaiinitlnsti'r-Slr. \\\ (10-12 anil 2-4). 

Zurich (1350'), the ca})ital of the canton and the hirgesl and 
most important town in Switzerland, with 180,088 inhab., lies at 
the N. end of the hike, on the ra})id green Lii/u/iaf, which divi(k*s 
it into the KjI'ossc tSfadt' on the right, and the ^Kleine Sfadf on 
the left bank. On the W. side Hows the Slhl, unitnportunt except 
in spring, which falls into the Limmat at the Platzs})itz (p. 51), below 
the town. Ziirich is one of the busiest manufacturing towns in the 
country; silk is the staple product, but the cotton-mills, machine- 
works, and iron-foundries are also important. 

Ijaciistrine remains )»rove that the site of Zlliicli was oconj)io(l in 
^»rt'liistoric times. In 5S H.C, after the l)attle of Bibiacte, from CeJlic 
tortitications on the Lindenhof (see IjcIovv) arose the Roman TuricKin. Zllricii 
owed its j)rosperity in the early middle ages to the favour of the Carlo- 
vingiana. In 1292 it joined Uri and Sohwyz, and in 1351 it became a 
member of the Swiss Confederation. From an early date Zllrich was the 
intellectual leader of Switzerland. As the home of Zwingli (1619-31) it 
was the focus of the Reformation, and its schools have for centuries sent 
forth men of distinction. 

The Situation ok Zukich is very beautiful. Both l)anks of the ck ar, 
pale-green lake are enlivened with villages, orchards, and vineyards, 
scattered over a highly cultivated country. In the background rise the 
snow-ca|)i)ed Alj)8; to the left is the crest of the GUiridsch, then the 
perpendicular sides of the Gricsetstock (9200'), near it on the right the 
Pfainxiixtock, and farther on, the Di'u.sbcrf/, the ice-clad Bifcrttntftoch\, 
and the 'Vodi (the highest of the group, the last two rising above the 
Linthtalyi in front of these the Olaiideii, with their westernmost point 
the Kanindiiitock (10,624'); between this and the double-])eaked /S'c/ire/7to/7< 
lies the Grics Glacier ; then on the N. side of the Schdchcn-Tal the long 
Rosstock Chain with its fantastic peaks; the liroad Windt/allc; between 
this and the Scheerhorn a]>pears the dark summit of the Mt/lhen near 
Siiiwyz; above the dej)ression between the wooded Kaiserstock and the 
Jiiis^herg towers the pyramidal Briatensfock, near Amsteg on the St. Gott- 
hard route; then, if we occupy a commanding position, the Blackenatock 
and rri-Hidstocky and part or the snow-mountains of the Eniielhcrger-Taly 
ap[»earing above the Aibia, to the right, the northernmost j)oint of which 
is the Vrtlib<r(f^ with the hotel on its summit. 

In the Baiinhof-Platz (PI. H, 3) a fountain with a bronze 
Statue of Alfred Ksrher (d. 1882), the statesman, by Kissling, was 
erected in 1881>. The JUhnhof-Strasse (PL H-E, 3), the chief 
thoroughfare of the town, itbout ^/^ M. long, leads to the S. to the 
lake. It passes, on the right, the Linth-Escher-Platz (PI. H, 3;, with 
a Statue of Pestalozzi by Siegwart (1899; ; on the left, the Urania 
(p. 47j. — Side-streets lead to the left to the shady Li/idenhof{V\. (i, 
3, 4), the site of the Roman castrum and of the imj)erial palace 
Csee above;, 123' above the Limmat; to the late-Gothic Augusf/ine 
Church (Pi. 0,3;, now used by the Old Catholics, with paintings by 
Deschwanden ; and to St Peter^s Church (PI. F, 4;, with its massive 

See-Quai. ZUEICH. /. Route 13. 49 

tower and large electric clock (dials 29' in diameter), where Lavater 
(d. 1801) was pastor for 23 years (grave on the N. side). 

The Burkli-Platz (band in summer on Sun. 10.15-11.45 
a.m., week-days 8 p.m.) is adjoined by a Terrace on the lake 
^Pl. E, 4), commanding a beautiful view ; to the right is the steam- 
boat-quay, to the left the Quai-Brucke (see below). — The broad 
■•^See-Quai fAlpen-Quai and Mythen-Quai), with its pleasant 
promenades, skirts the lake to the right, extending to the public 
Belvoir Parle, to the S. of the station of Enge (see p. 47). Near 
the beginning of the quay is the Tonhalle (PL D, E, 3), an effec- 
tive building with cafe -restaurant, open-air terraces, and large 
concert-rooms (see p. 47). In the promenades is a marble relief of 
Dr. A. Bilrkli (1833-94) , the engineer of the quays. Above the 
Enge station rises the Church of Enge, erected in 1892-94 by 
Bluntschli in the Italian style, with a dome and a tall detached 
campanile (adm. 50 c). 

To the E. of the Biirkli-Platz the handsome Quai-Briicke 
(PI. E, 4; 180 yds. long), constructed in 1882-83, crosses the 
Limmat near its issue from the lake. Below the bridge, on the left 
bank of the Limmat, is the Bauschanze (restaurant), a small pent- 
agonal island, shaded with trees, and connected by a bridge vnth 
the Stadthaus-Quai, where stands the large Central Post Office, 
with its high clock-tower. Opposite is the Town Hall (PI. F, 4), 
adjoining the old Frau-Mtinster-Kirche (see below). — On the right 
bank of the lake also promenades (Uto-Quai and Seefeld-Quai), 
with charming views, lead past the handsome Stadt -Theater (PI. 
D, 5) to the park of Zurichhoim (20 min.; p. 54). 

The next bridge below the Quai-Brficke is the four -arched 
Munster-Briicke (PI. F, 4). Adjacent are the Frau-Munster- 
KircJie of the 12-1 3th cent., with its high red-roofed tower, on 
the left bank, and the former Wasser-Kirche ('1479-84), on the 
right bank. The latter and the adjacent Helmhaiis now contain the 
Town Library (PI. F, 4), with 160,000 vols, and over 4500 MSS. 
i' week-days 10-12 and, except Sat., 4-0, fee 50 c. ; to the Zwingli 
Museum and Gottfried Keller rooms alone, daily 11-12, 30 c. ; en- 
trance in the open vestibule adjoining the bridge). 

The ZvHrij/li Muifauiii contaiiiH a letter of Zwiiif/U (p. 50) to his wife; 
Zwingli's Greek Bible with Hebrew annotations in liis own handwriting; 
an autograph letter of Henri IV. of France and a cast of liis features; 
three autograph Latin letters of Lady Jane Grey to Antistes Bullinger; 
a letter of Frederick the Great, dated 1784, to Prof. MUllcr. --The Oott- 
f/led Kcllrr Room is d«!Voted to reminiscences of that ])()et (d. 1890). — 
The othftr treasures of the librar}'' comprise nujncrous incunal)ula, a Greek 
Psalter of the 7th cent., and portraits of burgomasters and scholars of 

The steps opposite; the K. v\\(\ of the Miinstcr-Briicke lead to 
the Romanesque Gross-MiinBter (V\. F, 4), erected in the 11- 
13th centuries. The upper stories of the towers are Gothic, and in 

Hakdkkkk. Switzerland. 24th Edition. 4. 

;■)(» /. liontt i:i. Z0K1<'U. h'/ntsthaiis. 

1791) thov were crowned with helmet-shaped tops with j^ihled 
Howers. On the W. tower is enthroned Charl(Mna<>'ne with i^ilded 
crown and sword, in recoirnition of his donations to the cliureii. 
The interior contains pilhirs with interesting Konianesque capitals 
and three lart::e modern stained-i'lass windows in the choir. The 
church is open <laiiy in summer ()-l 2 and 2-() (adm. 20 c., tower 
30 c; orj^iin- recital on Mon., ()-7 p.m., 1 f r. ; sacristim, Kirch- 
gasse 13). The restored cloisters (early 13th cent.) are shown by 
the porter of the adjacent girls' school. 

On the S. side of the Helmhaus is a bronze statue, by Natter, 
of Zii'DHfli, pastor of the (Jross-Manster from 1510 till his death 
in 1531. - At the h'dfhaufi-Brucke (PI. F, G, 4) we sec on one side 
the old Rathaus (PI. F, G, 4), a massive building of 1698 (in lh(^ 
vestibule a marble bust of Gottfried Kelb^, by Kissling), on th(^ 
other the Fh'isrhhallej or meat-market. Opposite are the Museum 
(with a reading-room) and the Schneg(/en Club. — Farther on, at 
the Wollenhof, by the upper Miihlesteg (PI. G, H, 4), is the Pesta- 
lozziaiiam^ containing the Swiss educational exhibition and the 
Pestalozzi cabinet 'open free on week-days, 10-12 and 2-6). 

From the Quai-Briicke we ascend the Rami-Stuassk (PI. E-H, 
5, 6) to the E., then to the right to the Hohe Promenade (PI. 

E, 5, 6), a loftily situated avenue of limes, with the bust of Nd(/eli 
I'd. 1836), the vocal composer. Beautiful view (best by morning- 
light) from the little temple at the end. Adjacent is the Old 
Cemetery, with the English Church (p. 48). — In the Heimplatz, 
to the left of the Riimi-Strasse, is a monument of Ignaz Hebn (d. 
1880'. thf e()iiiposer, and the — 

*Kunsthaus (PI. F, 5), erected in 1910 by Moser of Karls- 
ruhe in plain and vigorous outlines. The groundfioor and the b^ft 
half of the first floor are adapted for varying exhibitions (adm. 9-6, 
Sun. 107j-5, 1 fr.. afternoon 50 c), and the right half of the first 
and the second floor contain the Picture Gallery (adm. Tues.-Sun. 
10 -o, Mon. 1-5; Wed. 1.30-5 and Sun. free, at other times 50 c; 
illustrated catalogue 1 fr.). 

?^RHT Floor. On the Htaircase l)y tin; windows 247-250. Four lan- 
cers by F. Ifodler. To the right, in Room A: 41^9, 440. //. Higaud, Bultli. 
Keller and liis wife. — Room B: 496. ./. C. S'eekatz, Portrait of himself; 
2.o8. S. Hoffmann (ZUrich, 1592 -IHIH), Old man of seventy yeurs. — 
Room C (IHth cent.): 18C). A. Graff, Sal. Gcs.sncr (see p. 51); 544. Tisch- 
bein, Margareta Escher von Berp; 4:'>6. Jos. Reinhard, Sal. Landolt, bai- 
lifT of Greifensee; laudscapcH bv Lvdw. Hens; 148. //. Ffissli, Bodmcr, tbf 
poet, speakinpj to the artist. — kooms D nnd E: srajill pictures. — Room F: 
7»j. Al. (Jfilame, Near Brunnen. - On the staircase to tlie Skcond Fi.ook: 

F. Ilodhr, 251. Wounded warrior, ^245. Procession of wrestlers; on the 
landing, .584. A. \Vf/ti, The .irtist's parents; *49fj. Seficndini, Girl knitting. 
- RooiuG: Sketches hy Rudolf KoNcr, of Zllrich (1820-1905). — Room H : 
29. Baldnvinrtti, Double jtortrait; 4. Ji)st Ainmanti, A mint-master; 575. 
Anna Waser, Portrait of herself at the age of 12 (1691); 17. Ihuis Aspar, 
Portrait (15:58). — Room I: Water-coloiirs and drawings. 497. Sef/afdini, 
The orphans (pastel); *5lo. titaufft r-lieriiy Portrait of a lady; 54. Bock- 

Polytechnic. ZDRICH. I. Route 13. 51 

lin, The shepherd's complaint. — Room K: 572. Volz^ Legend of dance 
(triptj^ch); 561. Vautier, The gallant professor; Anker, 6. Pestalozzi, 13a. 
The marriage; Sj^itzweg, 502. Village street at night, *503. Hermitage.— 
Room L (Loggia): 523. F. Stuck, Wine; 253. F. Hodler, Evening scene. — 
Room M: F. Hodler, 246. Portrait of a lady, 252. Holy hour. — Room X: 
Pictures by modern Swiss painters. — Large Room 0. First section: 420. 
Piglliein, Pair of Centaurs; 152. W. Fiissli, Roman woman ; 529. E. StUckel- 
berg, Duke John of Swabia (p. 28) ; 346. Lenbach, Heinrich Leuthold the 
poet; 454. Ottilie Eoderstein, The betrothed; 151. W. Fiissli, Portrait of 
himself; 538. Hans Thoma, Lute player. Second section: 281. Gottfried 
Keller, River scene; 550. Ulrich, Woodland brook; Sandreuter, *464. 
Charmey, 466. Woodland brook; Bocklin, *50. Arbour, 52. War, *49. Awak- 
ening of spring; 508. Stdbli, Ammersee; *614. R. Zilnd, Oak forest. 
Bronzes: F. Stuck, 648. Athlete, 650. Wounded Centaur, 649. Amazon; 
646. Stauffer-Ber7i, AdriaD von Bubenberg (p. 183). Third section: Rud. 
Roller (see above). Landscapes and animal-pieces. 

The Rami-Strasse bends to the N.W. at the two Cantonal Schools 
(PL G, 6) and leads to the Polytechnic. 

The ^Polytechnic (PI. H^ 5), designed by G. Semper (d. 1879) 
and erected in 1860-64, is the seat of the tlniversity of Zurich 
(1300 students, 129 professors and lecturers) and of the federal 
Polytechnic School (930 students, 107 professors and lecturers). 
The sgraffito decorations of the N. facade were executed from 
Semper's designs. 

Main entrance on the W. side. On the Ground Floor are the Archaeo- 
logical Collection (casts , Greek vases , *Terracottas from Tanagra, etc. ; 
open free. Sun. 10-12, Tues. and Frid. 2-5; at other times 50 c), and the 
fine Collection of Engravings (ca. 60,000; open free, Wed. and Sat. 2-5). 
--On the First Floor, busts of G. SemjXT and C. Culmann (d. 1861), 
the engineer, and the Mineralogical, Geological, and Palaeontological 
Collections (Thurs. 8-12 and 2-6, free; at other times 50 c). — On the 
Second Floor are the Zoological Collection (open as above) and the Aula, 
with mythological ceiling-paintings by Bin of Paris and a marble bust of 
Orelli (d. 1849), the philologist, by Meili. Splendid view from the balcony. 
— The custodian shows the Aula and conducts visitors to the Terrack 
on the top of the building (best survey of the town and environs). 

On the S. side is tlie entrance to the University, for which a now 
building, from Gull's designs, is under construction near by. — The Col- 
lection illustrating Industrial Hygiene is open free 0-11 and 2-4, except, 
on Sat. afternoon and Sun. 

We may now return to the station by the cable tramway (Ziirich- 
I)erg-I3ahn) mentioned on p. 47; or we may descend via the 8em- 
persteig to the Limmat-Quai, passing the Eth/ioc/raphical Mu- 
seum in the 8eilergrahen (adm. 50 c. ; free on Sun., 10.30-12, and 
W«;d., 2-4; closed in winter), and the Predifjer-Kirchc. 

The Platz Promenade iV). I, K, 3, 4), an avenue of linr 
trees to the N. of the railway-station, between the Sihl and Lini- 
niat, affords pleasant walks (r<'st;iur;»nt). In the <);rounds a it 
nKjnuinents to the idyllic poet Salomon GesHuer (d. 178S), the 
minnesinger Joh. Ifadlauby and the composer W. Baumfjartncr 
(d. 1867). The Platz Promenade terminates in th(; 'Platzspitz', a 
point of land formed by the junction of th(; Sihl with th(; Limmat. 

Th<' ^Swiss National Museum (1'1.1,3, 1), an extiMiHivc 
l)nilding in the mediji^val styl(; by G. Gull i\^\)ii), contains liislori- 


ml and art-industrial objocls froni prt'historic days down to thr 
19th century and is the most important collection of the kind in 
Sw itzrrl:iii<l. A series of rooms litted up with niedi.ipval and l\(^nais- 
sanee furniture is especially noteworthy, but there are also many 
larj^e special collections, while various old architectural details, 
either orij^inals or reproductions, have been most successfully made 
nse of. Th(^ collection of stainiMl glass, distributed throu<j:hout tlie 
various rooms, is the best in the world. The museum is open daily 
(except Mon. and on o^reat festivals) from June 15th to Sept. 14th, 
10-5 (other months 10-4); adm. 1 fr. (children 50 c), free in tlic 
aftf^rnoon and on Sun., 10-12. Illustrated Guide (1910), 1 fr. 

We eiitrr hy the portal in the p:ieat tower, to the left. In the cor- 
ridor are three old terrestrial globes. Room 1. *rrfhi8toric A)itt(jinfJ( x 
(until 50 B.C.). Reniain.s from caves and lakc-dwelliiip:s. Model and relics 
from the Schweizersbild (p. 35); model of a lacustrine villac:e (bronze 
period). Graves of the stone, bronze, and iron periods. — Room 2. Roman 
Rntiaitis found in .Switzerland (about 50 B.C. till A.l). 400; vases, or- 
naments, bronze statuettes, utensils, tom})st()ues, weapons, tools.). In tlie 
centre, model of a ruined Roman villa at Pfiil!ikon. Ou the second pillar, 
ivory dij)tyih of the Consul Areobindus (A.D. 50()). — R. 3. Fxirly Middle 
AqP8 (-100-750). Alemannian, BurG:undian, Lombard and Prankish remains 
objects of the Carlovingian ]>eriod (750-1000). — 3T('rfigeral mid Moderi) 
Section. R. 4. Wooden ceiling-, with scenes from the New Testament 
(original in the church ofZillis; about 1180). Fragments of altars. Stove 
tiles (1 J-lKth cent.). We now return and ascend the staircase to the right. — 
R. 5. Reconstruction of brick architecture (arcade, mouldings), etc., from 
St. Urban (Lucerne; 12th cent.). Gothic door from the Supersax house at 
Sion (early ie)th cent.; p. 379). — R. 6. Brick windows and doorways from 
St. Urban and Beromtlnster (l.Sth cent.). Architectural fragments from 
Zofingen, Alt-Btiron, etc. (l.S-14th cent,). — R. 7. Reconstruction of a roon) 
from the IF<n/ft znm Loch in Ztirich (ca. 1.300). Heraldic antiquities. Glass- 
case 1 : l^ridal coffers. Shield of Arnold von Brienz fromSoedorf (l.Sth cent.). 
Glass-case 2: ZUrich armorial roll (ca. l."18). — 8. Gothic Chapel, with 
architectural fragments and tombstones. Carved altars. Funeral hatch- 
ments. Two 'Palmesel'. — 9. Cloister Court. Gothic tombs. We return 
and descend the stairs from R. 8. — 10. Treasury (cry})t, adm. 11-12 and 
2-4). Prehistoric golden bowl with figures of animals. Silver vessels. 
Guild goblets, etc. Chain of Burgomaster Waldmann (d. 1489). Goblet 
of the reforirnT Bullintrer, presented by Queen Elizabeth of England in 
15*)0. and so-called Zwingli Goblet (Cologne fayence of 1528). Medals and 
church utensils. — 11, 12, 13. Old sleighs and litters. Kitchen (17th 
& 18th cent.). Large carved cask (17^15). Instruments of torture. — We 
return to the groundtloor. 14. Council Chamber of the town of 3I(llincirn 
on the Reuss rMe)7). Two views of Ztirich (1497). — 15. Cloisters. Arcades 
of the old Dominican convent in Zllrich (13th cent.). *Stained glass of 
the end of the 15th and beginning of the l»;th century. — 16, 17, 38. Three 
Gothic *Rooms from the former Ahhrii of Frainniiiisler, at ZUrich (1189- 
15^)7). — 19. (Corridor. Furniture; jNiintings by //a??^ /^e?^ and others. - 
20. Loggia (with view of the park). Reproduction of an early-Renaissance 
ceiling from Locarno (15tli cent.). — 21. Corridor, with late-Gothic cotfered 
ceiling from ,\ri»on (early HUh cent,). Gothic wood-carvings. Fine stained 
glass. — 22. l)iK]>frn9arii of the old Benedictine; convent of Muri. — We now 
ascend to the — 

FiK.ST Fr.ooK. 23. Art>o)i Raom, with late-Gothic ceiling (medallions) 
from the (Chateau of Arbon (1515). Colb^ction of textiles. Tal»le by Jfavff 
Ilolbnn (1514). Coffers, etc. — R. 24. Late-Gothic alcove from the flower 
Valais (15th cent.). — 25. Room from the Dominican nunnery of Oeicn- 
hark at Ztirich a.V21). Antependium from Lachcn (1480). — *2e. State 

National Museum. ZtJRlCH. I- Route 13. 53 

room from the ^Ccisa Festcdozzi in Chiaveuna (1585). — 27. Renaissance 
room from the Rosenharg at Stans (1566). — 28. Room from the chateau 
of Wiggen near Rorschach (1582). — *29. State room from the Seidenhof 
at Ztirich, with stove by L. Pfau of Winterthur (1620). — 30, 31. Corridor. 
Stained glass from the Convent of Rathhausen, Lucerne. Renaissance 
furniture. *Large piece of G-obelins tapestry, representing the Treaty of 
Alliance between Louis XIV. and the delegates of the Swiss Confederation 
(1663). Vessels of bronze, copper, and tin (16-18th cent.). — 32. Court. 
Carved ceiling from Neunkirch (1555). Tiled pavement from the Rosenburg 
at Stans (1566). 

Second Floor. — 33. Grallery. Furniture of the 16-17th centuries. — 
34. Room from the Winkelried House at Stans, with coifered ceiling 
(ca. 1560). — 35. Corridor. Furniture from the Grisons (17-18th cent.).— 

36. Small room from the convent at Mihister (Grisons; 1630). — RR. 

37, 38. Furniture (16th and 17th cent.). — 39. Room from the Palazzo 
Pellanda at Biasca (1587). — RR. 40, 41. Furniture of the 17th and 18th 
cent. ; coders and musical instruments. The steps ascend to the rich col- 
lection of costumes. — We now descend again to the court and to the right 
enter the — 

First Floor. — 42. Gallery of the chapel. Two doors from the old 
Music Room of Zurich (1684.). — *43. Baroque room ir om. the LocJmiann 
House at Zurich (end of the 17th cent.), with mythological ceiling-paint- 
ings and portraits of Frcnoh kings, statesmen, and generals. Model of 
the fortifications of Zurich (1638). — 44. Upper Chapel. Ecclesiastical 
antiquities of the 17-18th centuries. Hammered iron choir railing from 
Wettingen (end of 16th cent.). — 45. Rococo Room (18th cent.). Zurich 
porcelain from the old factory of Sohoren, near Bendlikon. — 48, 47. Glass, 
porcelain, and fayence of the 16-19th centuries. — 48. Ceramic Collection. 
Cabinet 1: Stove-tiles, majolica plaques, and vessels from Winterthur 
(16-17th cent.). Cab. 2 & 3: Majolica plates, fayence from Beromiinster, 
Lenzburg, Ztirich, and elsev/here. — 49. Military uniforms of the 17th 
and 18th centuries. — *50. Armoury. Fine hall with an extensive and 
well-arranged collection of weapons, chiefly from the Ztirich Arsenal, 
forming a brilliant illustration of the martial prowess of the Swiss in 
the 16th century. In the centre, to the right, sword, ducal hat, and banner 
presented to the Swiss Federation by Pope Julius II. in 1512. Zwingli's 
arms (p. 50). On the wall , frescoes by Hodler (1899), Retreat of Swiss 
soldiers after the battle of Marignano. — 51. Military uniforms of tlie 
19th century. — 52. Corridor. Stained glass, etchings on glass, and designs 
for stained-glass windows. — Second Floor. 53-57. Costumes in town- 
fashion. — Third Floor. 58-63. Peasants' costumes. 

The court opening on the Platz-Promenade contains some old pieces 
of ordnance of heavy calibre. — To the right of the main tower is the 
School of Industrial Art, containing the Industrial Museum (exhibition 
of modern works of art, changing monthly; adm. 10-12, 50 c., and 2-7, 
free), the Library, and Reading Room (adm. 10-12 and 4-8, free). 

On the right bank of thcLiinmat, in the Weinberg-Strasse, rises 
tlie Roman Catholic Liebfrauen-Kirche (PI. I, 4, 5), a hand- 
some basilica in the Romanesque style, with an isolated tower (adm. 
50 c; tlie (gallery conimaiids a good survey of the town). 

In Aussersihl (Pi. G, H, i, 1, 2), a quarter on the left bank 
of the k^ihl mainly occupied by engine-works and silk-factories 
(electric tramways No. 2, 3, 8, pp. 46, 47), are the Military Estah- 
lifi/une/Us of Canton Ziiricli, including barracks and an arsenal, 
and tlie Sildfeid (Jtnidenjj with a (crematory (adm. 1 fr.). 

The Botanic Garden (Pi. P, 2; entrance in the Pelikan- 
8trassej, Htock<;d with Alpine and other [)lants, contaiiiH bronze 

r,4 I lioittt /:i. 'AV\\\i'\\. y.iirirhbcnj. 

busts of A. P. do Candolle (d. 1841) and C. Gossner (d. 1565), and 
niarbU' luists of II. Zollinger, a Swiss botanist (d. in .lava, 1851)), 
and Oswald llorr ul. 188;J;, tlu' naturalist. The Kafz, an old bastion, 
forms a lofty platform planted with trees. — To the N. and 8. of 
the Botanic (iarden bridges cross the 8chanzengraben to the tSelnau 
Sfdfion for the I'etliberg and Sihltal Railways (see below). About 
1 M. to the S. of the (^uai-llrueke (p. 41)), on the E. bank of the 
lake (Hteain-lauuches. see p. 47; tramways No. 1 and 4, station llorn- 
baehstrasse) is the Ziirichhorn Park (PI. A, 6), with restaurant, 
a Zoological Museum of the Swiss tauna (adm. 20 e.) and a fountain 
in memory of the writer and composer of the Swiss psalm, Jiconh. 
Withner ^i808-r.s) and Alberich Zwyssi^r (i,s(iH-54), by Franz Wanger 

i)n tin Ziirichberg, to the K. of Ziiricli, aie the WaidhaaH 
Didder (p. 4.")) willi eliaiming view and \6 min. fai'thei* upj the 
Didder (rrand Hotel i2050'; p. 44;, with e.xtensive gi ounds (adm. 
20c. for strangers). Cable tramway from Romerhof (1475'; tramway 
No. 3, p. 40) to the Waldhaus Dolder in 5 min. (ascent 40, descent 30, 
there ai.d back <»() c.); tramway thence (in summer only) in 3 min. to 
the (trand Hotel (»J0, there and back 50 v.). Golf course of nine holes. 

Attractive walkn muy be taken through the woods to the (V-j hr.) 
forcster'rt houhe of AiUisberg (2100';, the (=V4 hr.) JjO<)?'e//h(>j>f 
{2'M>b'\ view), and other points. 

Farther to the N. on theZiirichberg, above the novf liir/i Qaarier^ 
is the JUjihlirk Restaurant (1950';, reached from the Parade- 
l*latz by tramway No. (1 and cable tramway in ^/g hr. (p. 47), In 
the vicinity are woodland walks and points commanding beautiful 
views of the town, the lake, and the Alps. 

The Uetliberg. 

Railway (from the tSelnan SUifiou, VI. F, 1; see above) in 28 min. 
(fare, 2Dd claKs 3 fr. 50 e. , :ird «'l. 2 fr., return-ticket r> and o fr. ; Sun- 
day tiokots. hy a few trniiis only, 1 fr. hO and 1 fr. 20 c. Combined tickets 
for the r.iil. jouriiey and S. jt tlie Kost. Uto-Kulm 2ud cl. 5, I^rd el. 4 i'r. 
--This line (no coK-rail) in 5'/$ M. long, with a maximum gradient of 7: 100. 

The train (best views to the right) skirts the Sihl for a short 
way and cru.sses it t«» (5 min.; stat. Zuri<'}i-B'mz (1390'), whore 
the ascent begins. At first we traverse an open slope, with a pleas- 
ant vicwof Ziirich and the valley of thcLirnmat; then ascend thnmgh 
wood to 17 min.) stat. Wal(le(i<j-lJ*tik'i)n ciOtO'; inn). The train 
describes a long cune on the slope of th(,' hill and reaches the tei- 
niinns (2677';. About 5 min. above the statioji is the large '^'liot.- 
Pena. Uet/iherf/ (95 beds, K. 3-5, R. 1 V^, L. 3 Vg, D. 4, pens. 8-12 fr. ; 
Kngl. (Jh. Serv, in Aug.), and .'J min. higher, at the top, arc tin; 
Restaurant Uto-Kulm and a view-tower 100' high (1G7 steps; 
adm*. 20 c.;. Panorama by Inifeld; Zeiss telescope. Pleasant shady 
walks near the hotel. On the S. side, ^l^\\r. from tin- loji, are the 

TJetUherg. ZCRICH. /• Route IS. 55 

Hotel Uto-Staffel (R. IV2-2, D. 2-3, pens, from 5 fr.) and the 
Hotel- Pension Annaburg (pens. 6-772 fr.), with a restaurant. 

The *Uetliberg (2865'), the northernmost height of the Albis 
range, is the finest point near Zurich. The view, though less grand 
than those from summits nearer the Alps, surpasses them in beauty. 
It embraces the Lake of Zurich and the valley of the Limmat; the 
Alps from the Sentis to the Jungfrau and the Stockhorn on the 
Lake of Thun, with the Rigi and Pilatus in the foreground; to the 
W. the Jura; to the N. the Feldberg and Belchen in the Black 
Forest, and the volcanic peaks of the Hohgau. — On the Uto-Kulm 
is a marble obelisk with a bust of the Swiss president Jakob Dubs 

(d. 1879). 

From the Uetliberg to the Albis-Hochwacht, a beautiful walk of 
3 hrs., ascending and descending on the Albis range, and chiefly through 
wood. From the Hotel Uto-Staffel (see above), at the fork, we follow the 
road to the right, past the Hot. Annaburg, and via the Manegg (2580') 
and Baldern (inn) to (lV4hr.) the Felsenegg (restaurant), with charming 
view. To the left is the ravine of the Sihl, beyond it the blue lake 
with its thousand glittering dwellings, to the right the pretty Ttirler See, 
and farther off a fertile hilly tract, with the Alps rising in the distance. 
— 1 hr. Oher-Albis (2600'; Hirsch ; Windegg Restaurant); 20 min. Albis- 
Hochivacht (2887') , with a pavilion and a splendid view of the Lake of 
Zug, the Rigi, Pilatus, etc. At (1/4 hr.) the fork we may ascend to the 
right to the (3/4 hr.) Alhishorn (p. 105), or descend to the left, through wood, 
to (3/4 hr.) the forester's house of ^Sihlwald (good quarters), on the Sihl, 
whence we may return to Ztirich by the Sihltal Line in 3/4 hr. 

Sihltal Railway from Ziirich (Selnau Station, see p. 54) to Sihlbrugg, 
11' M., in 47 min., vik Sood, Adlisivil, Gonte7ibach, Lang7iau-Gattikon, 
and t^ihlicald. Near the station of (5Va M.) Gontenbach (1510') is the 
Langenberg, a park IV2 M. in length, belonging to the town of Ztirich 
and stocked with deer, chamois, etc. (restaurant). From (9 M.) Sihhcald 
a footpath leads to the (1 hr.) Albishorn (see above). Sihlbrugg , and 
thence to Zug, see p. 105. 

From Zurich to Esslingen, lOV-jM., motor-car thrice daily in I1/4 hr. 
Stations Neumiinster ; Zolliker Berg ; Zumikon; 6V2 M. Forch; 91/2 M. Egg 
(carriage-road in 1 hr. to the top of the Pfannenstiel, p. 62); lOVgM. Ess- 
lingen (p. 64). 

14. Prom Zurich to Sargans (Coire). 
Lake of Zurich and Wallensee. 

Railways. — Railway 011 the Left Bavk via Thalwil , Richterswil, 
Ziegelbriicke, and Sargans to Coire, 72V'2 M. in 2'/;i hrs. (Engadine Express, 
see p. 480) to 4V2 hrs., shortest connection with Coire (fares to Weosen 
♦; fr. 25, 4 fr. 40, 3 fr. 15 c, to Coire 12 fr. 30, 8 fr. G5. 6 fr. 15 c). — 

ap|)r()ac[i the Lake; of Ziirich till it icaches llappcrswil. Fares as via 
Thalwil {hca', above). At ZiogoJhriickc or Wcesen junction for GlaruH 
and Linthal (K. 22). 

Steamhoat from Ziirich vii llorgcn to Wildenswil 10 times daily in 
Miimmer in !•/;[ hr., to Ra|)perHwil <> times daily in I'/a--^ brs. — Extra trips 
arr" made on Sun. and also 4-6 times weekly, in fine weather, to Horgen 
or Rappcrswil nnd hack (in 2 or 3'/.^ hrs.). 

-,(•> /. h'ont^ M, \V.\T)ENSWII.. From Zii rich 

The Lake of Zurich 1340'), 25 M. long, [^'/a >1. broad at 
its widest pint, ami 470' (\^'k'\), is fed by the hinth and drained by 
the Limmiit. The banks rise in giMitle slopes; at their base are 
meadows and arable land; above lliese is a belt of vineyards and 
orchards; and on theE. side the hills, about 2500' high, are wooded. 
Spririkled for a long way with houses, villages, and nianufactoiies, 
the banks may not inaptly be termed suburbs of Ziirich. In the 
baekground rises the long ehain of the snow-clad Alps (see p. 48). 

a. Railway on thk Left Bank from ZiuiCH via Thalwil to 
WtKisEN AM) 8AKGANS. The train describes a wide curve round the 
town, crossing the ^ihl twice, passes under the Uetliberg line, and 
at \2^l^ Al.) Ziu'ich-Kutjt (p. 49) approaches the lake. — S^/g JVI. 
Ziirich- WoUishofen (Hirsch ; Restaurant cSi Pension Frohalp, ^j.^ W . 
higher up, pens. 5-7 fr.). — 5 M. Kilehberg. Above (0^2 M.) Riisch- 
likon are the Kurhaas Nidelbad (^2 ^- V road; 45 beds at IV^''^^ 
pens. 3-4^/2 fr.} and the "^ Hot. -Fens. Belvoir [^/\ M.; pens. 6-8 fr.), 
both with pleasant walks and charming views. — l^/^M. Thalwil 
• 1436'; Adlet'j near the church, pens. 4^2*^72 ^^*-> unpretending; 
Krone, on the lake, with garden, R. l^g-^, pens. 5-6 fr. ; Hot. 
luitharlnahof, at the station, with restaurant and view-terrace, 
plain;, a well-to-do village of 7724 inhab., with large factories, I 
is charmingly situated at the junction of the Ziuj and Lncn'ne 
line (p. 105). — 8^/4 M. Ohej'rleden. 

10»/2 M. Horgen (1348'; Meierhof, with view, R. 2, R.*l, 
1). 2^/2, pens, from 5 fr. ; Lowe; Schiltzenhaiis, a cafe on the lake), 
a thriving place with bOOO inhab., pleasantly situated amidst vine- 
yards and orchards. In the church are two large frescoes by Barzaghi. 

Steamhoat to MeilcN (p. 62) 8 times daily in 12 Jiiin.; to Hfrrlifxrtf 
8 timcH in 10 miu. — About li/a M. above Horgen is the Kurhaus Bockoi 
(pens. 4Vr''> fr.), beautifully situated. — Fine view from the *Zimmerber(/ 
(2635'; 1 hr.); see p. 105. 

Near (13 M.) An the grassy peninsula of that name projects 
far into the lake (*Hotel-Pension Au, 10 min. above the station, 
with fine view, pens. 5-6 fr.). — 15 M. Wadenswil (134;V; 
'^Kngel, on the lake, R. 2-272, B. 1, D. 2V2, p<'ns. 5\/2-7 fr.; lloleL 
da LaCy with garden-restaurant; Bellevue Restauraid) is the 
largest village on th( lake (9030 inhab.). A visit may be paid to 
the intercantonal experimental station lor viticulture and fruit- 
growing, established in the old castle. 

Railway to EinsictJeJn, hi-c U. ,'i2 ; diligence twice daily in V^l^lw. viA 
Schfinctihtrn to I J ii ft en (p. 136). 

17 M. Richters-wil (pop. 4100; Drel Konige, with ganb'n, 

\[. IV2-2V2, J'- 1) J^- '^, P^"«- -i-^ fj'-; J^ngeL on the lake, R. 2, 
D. 2^2, pens. 5-7 fr.; both good), another thriving village, pret- 
tily situated. 

The lake attain:^ iLs ^ni atest width here; the Toggenburg moun- 
tains appear on the K 18 M. B<irh. To the b-ft are th«' islands 








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to Coire. AVEE8EN. Maps,pp,54,74.—I.R.i4. 57 

of Ufenau and Lutzelau (p. 63). — 22. M. Pfaffikon (1874'; 
Hot. Hofe, R. 2-21/2, B. 1 fr. 50 c). 

Railway across the lake to Rapperswilj see p. 63 ; railway via Wollerau 
to Samstagern (Einsiedeln , etc.), see p. 136. — Pleasant walk via the 
health-resort of (V2 hr.) Lugeten (2130'; *H6tel-Peusioii, 4-5 fr.) to (V2 hr.) 
Feusisberg (p. 136) and (1 hr.) Schindellegi (p. 136). Ascent of the Etzel^ 
see p. 136. 

The line now reaches the Upper Lake. On the slope to the 
right, above Alteridorf, are the chapel of St. Johann (1656') and 
the Pension Johannesburg (pens. 4-5 fr.), with a fine view. 

241/2 M. Laehen (1350'; ""^Bctr, R. 2-3, B. I1/4, D. 2-3, pens. 
6-8 fr.; Ochs, Hotel Bahnhof, both very fair), a considerable 
village with a pretty rococo church, on a bay near the mouth of 
the Wdggitaler Aa. About 2 M. to the N.E. is the small Bad 
Nuoleu, pleasantly situated at the base of the Untere Buchhergj 
with mineral and lake baths (pens. 41/2-6 fr.). — The train leaves 
the lake and near (271/2 M.) Siehnen-Wangen crosses the Aa. 

'Waggi-Tal. The road (diligence to lunertal twice daily in 2V4 hrs.) 
from ('^4 M.) Siebnen (*Eabe) follows first the left and then the right 
bank of the deep bed of the Aa to (4 M.) Vordertal (2400'; Schweizerhof ; 
Bar; Post; Rossli, plain), pleasantly situated in a green basin. It then 
leads through the defile of Stockerli, between the Grosse Auberg (5570') 
on the right and the Gugelberg (3780') on the left, to (4 M.) Innertal 
(2800'; Schilfli, 30 beds, pens. 5V2-7 fr., very fair; JBad Wdggitcdj "V4 ^1- 
farther on, 40 beds at IV2-2V2, B. IV4, pens. 5-7 fr.). Pleasant excursions 
to the Au (20 min.); E. to the Fldschenloch- Quelle (1/4 hr.); to the Aaberli 
Alp (3545'), a/4 hr.; Hohfiaschen Alp (4725'), 1^/4 hr. — The Grosse 
Auberg (5570'), ascended via the Bdrlaui Alp in 3 hrs., and the Fluhberg 
or Diethelni (6873'), via the Fldschli Alp in 41/2 hrs., are fine points (no 
difficulty; guide desirable). — From Innertal to the Klontal, pleasant (to 
ilichisau 3V2 hrs.; guide advisable). Skirting the Aabach, the path 
ascends, past the Aabern Alp (3565'), to the (2V2 hrs.) Schiveinalp Pass 
(5150'), and then descends by the Brilsch Alp and the Schwein Alp to 
(1 hr.) Richisau (p. 100). 

We traverse a marshy plain to (31 M.) Reichenhurg. — 33^/4 M. 
B'dttn (Hirsch;. One of the houses contains the 'Herrenstubc', a 
handsome room in the Renaissance style (1616-18). The HirzU 
(5385'), which rises to the S., may be ascended in 31/2 hrs. (guide 
5-6 fr., not indispensable). — We cross the Linth Canal to — 

351/2 M. Ziegelbriicke (1400'; Hotel), the junction of the 
Rapperswil and Ziirieh railway (p. 65) and of the Glarus line (p. 1)1;. 
The Weesen line rounds the Blherlikopf (p. 58), the extreme spur 
of the Schilniser Berg. To the right tower the beautiful J^iutispitz 
and the Glurnisch. 

37 M. Weesen. — /iai/. Restauranl. 'H.oIqIh. At ihe station, 
♦HoTKL Si'KKK, with fine view, 50 beds, R. 2^l2--'>^l-i- 1^- IV4, ^^- •^ p«'»i^<- 
6-7 f r. ; Hot. Bahnhof, 12 beds, j)lain but good. — On tlie lake, »/;; M. 
from tlie station (oniii. 50-70 c): *Guani> Hotel Wkkskn-Schwkk r, wi.lli 
groundn on the lake, April Ist-Nov. 30th, 100 beds, R. 2'/ij-7, i^- l'/i» 
I). 3'/,, pens. 7-14 f r. ; *S< hlomm-H6t. Makiahalukn, in an elevated sitiia- 
tion, with terrace, 60 beds at 2'/a-4, li. IV4, i). 3V.i, S. 2Va, pt^""- 7-9 fr. ; 
♦Hot.-Penh. i>n Lac, «;o beds at 2 - ;{, li. l'/4, 1). ."J, pcnH. 5-8 fr. ; Ilr»8Hi,i, 
HO h(»dH at 2-:i, H. l'/4, 1). :5, pens, f)"/.^ 7 f r. ; Hiunch; Pknh. 1U:koi.ina, 

Willi ^.inlon, 40 bids, pt'UH. o-il fr.. \vi»ll spokoii of. — K/if/lixh Church 
Strricf in siimuu'r. - liim ufff-hoats: SO o. for tho first hour, 00 c. CcU'h 
atltlit. hr.; with ntwor, 1 fr. o6. 1 fr. 10 c. Boat to Hotlis :5>/^, Miihlchorn 4, 
Murj; r>V«. Qiiiatou ♦'), Unter-Tcr/.cn 8, Mols 1>, Wail«>nsta(lt 10 fr. th(ri> and 
hat'k (incl. 1 hr.'s stav in each case). — Circular tri|)» hy motor-launch 
twiic daily (1 fr. 80 c'.). 

[V'eesen (141;')'; 8U<) inhah.i, a lavouiitc sumiiuM'-i't'sort, li(\s in 
.'I shell«'r»>(l site at tho W. end of the Walle/iscc. A shady prome- 
nade skirts tlie lake, atloriling eharniing views. 

Ex»'iRsioNS. Shady paths ascend to the (20 min.) Jahobi<trm(>n and the 
(25 n»in.) J\aj>^t nhrrif, which atfords a charniiu}; survey. — Pleasant walk 
(from thf station •'/4 hr.) to the top of the Biberlikopf (1H70'); fin(> view 
of the Wallensee an<l of the Linthtal up to Netstal and down to the IJnch- 
herg. — A very attractive excursion may be made by boat (iJ'/a fr.) across 
the lake to (l hr.) the hamlet of BHlis, ])rettily situated beside the ruin 
of Sired* (jii, at the foot of the Leistkamm. We row thence to tlu; ruin(Ml 
Strfn-Mi'thb' and wa'k to the Fallti of the Sereiibach {\). b9 ; two n^stau- 
rants;, and thence return bv a picturesijue new road vii the Myf<I( ii J'nU 
to (l«/4 Kr.) Wtrsrn. The hmchschdif/i (;^(;h7'), on the Matlslock {l-'f^ hr.. 
vi.\ Brand and Eachfn) also alfords a tine view. We may return via 
(Vf hr.) Amdcn (see below). 

A road (diligence from the rail, station twice daily in t=*/4 hr., 80 c.; 
one-horse carr. 10 fr. ; motor-car to Little Homo 10, village of Amden 
20 fr.), with tine views of the lake (shadv in the eveninj^), ascends from 
Weesen to (4V2 M.) Amden (;WHO'; ]I()t'. Alpenhof, 50 beds at I'/i-l'/u, 
pons. 478-5 f r. ; lAttle. Home or Kurha?/y Amdoi, 20 beds, pens. i'/a^^Va *'• I 
liosuli, pens. 478 ^ **• j ^t/'rn : JJiwc; JHrsch), loftily situated on sunny 
pastures. Beautiful view of the lake, the Miirtschenstock, etc., from the 
iiircgdrtli, on the roadside, I'/a ^I- from Weesen. — From Amden to the 
l.fiMtkaiinn (0H05'), 4 hrs., with guide (10 fr.), easy and interesting (des- 
cent to WaliiMistadt, see p. ()1). - From Amden to Nesylait or Stein in the 
Toggenburg ^p. 75) over the A/ndcnrr Ifiihe (4()G0') , •'JVa"'* ^^^^- ('"^* gui<l<' 
retjuired), a route atTording beautiful views, or over the pass Attf dcr 
Hiihc (.50«0'), 4Va hrs. to StoAn or Starkenbach (guide advisable). 

The ^Speer (•)415'), an admirable point of view, 4Va hrs. (guide, 8 fr., 
not indispensable). Hy the tinger-post at the N.Fi. end of Weesen we turn 
to the left, and ascend for the tirst '/a '»'"• over rough pavement of conglom- 
erate (pleasant retrosj)ects of tho lake). 'J'hen a steep ascent through 
woods and meadows via the Wet sc tier /iiatt, Aip and the indcre Biitz Alj) 
to the (3V'<e hrs.) Ober-Kdaerti Alp (5425'; Inn zum Hohen Speer, j)lain 
hut j good, bed 1-2 fr.). Tlionce to the left to the toj), in 1 hr. more. 
Beautiful view over E. and N.E. Switzerland. An easy descent leads 
from the Ober-Kilsern Alp via the JJinchftchldf/i (see abr»ve) to Amden, 
— Ascent of the Speer from the Toggenburg, see p. 75. 

The ^Wallensee, .M- AATalensee n387'j. ^^U^^- loi'g, ^\U^^- 
wide, 49.'>' deep, is not iimcb inferior to the J^ake oi' JiUceriic in 
•grandeur. The \. bank consists of fjrccipices, 2()()()' to .'iOOO' lii;^li, 
above which rise the barren peaks (d" the CiirfuHU'u (Selnit 724.")', 
FrilviSfl 7440', Br'nii 7480', ZhhIoII 7345', Sclmbcnsfidl 7342', 
IIinterni.('k 7^)7ij\ and Kiiscrnirk 7435'). With the excej)tion ol 
fJi'tlis (see above 1, the harnb't of Quint en alone has found a site on 
the X. bank. On the S. l)ank also the rocks, j)ierce(l by nine tun- 
nels, are very precipitous at j)laees. At the mouths of the small 
torrents which descend from the Miirtschenstock lie several villages. 

Beyond Weesen we cross the l/ndh ('avfd (]). 05; to the right 

to Coire. MURG. Maps, pp. SO, 00.-- 1. R. 14. 59 

the Glarus line, see R. 22), and, farther on, the EscJier Canal near 
its influx into the Wallensee, and pass through two tunnels. Beyond 
them we see the MiLsleiihach waterfall on the opposite bank, and 
the village of Amden on the hill above ; then the falls of the Seren- 
bach, which sometimes dry up in summer. Three more tunnels, 
between which we obtain pleasant glimpses of the lake and the 
waterfalls opposite. — 41 M. Miihlehorn (Zur Muhle, Pens. 
Wallensee, V2 ^^- to the E., both unpretending). 

A fine road (recommended to pedestrians) leads froju Mtlhlehorn via 
(■2/3 M.) Tiefenvjinkel (Pens. Seegarten, with brewery) and (13/4 M.) Murg 
to'(lV2M.) TJnter-Terzen and (S M.) Wallenstadt (p. 60). 

From Muhlehor;n to Mollis over the Kerenzerberg (3 hrs.), an in- 
teresting walk. The road (diligence to Filzbacli thrice daily in I1/3 hr., 85 c. ; 
one-horse carriage to Obstalden G, two-horse 10, to Filzbach 7 or 12 fr.) 
ascends in wide curves (short-cuts for walkers) to Voglingen and (21/2 M.) 
Obstalden (2260'; '^Hirsch, 90 beds, pens. 5V2-'^ fi'- ; *Ste7m, 80 beds, pens. 
5-6 fr., both with gardens), a charmingly situated summer-resort, affording 
a fine view of the Wallensee. A pleasant excursion may be made hence, 
or from Filzbach (see below) , to the (IV2 hr.) pretty Talalp-See (6310'). 
Thence via the Spannegg and the Flatten Alp to G-larus, see p. 93; from 
the Spannegg to the Miirtschen Alp and over the Murgsee-Ftirkel to the 
Murgseen, see p. 60. The Miirtschenstock (8012') may be ascended 
from Obstalden via the Meeren Alp (4920') in 5 hrs. (toilsome and for 
thorough adepts only; guide, Jac. Heussi , 20 fr.). — Beyond Obstalden 
the road skirts the Sallerntohel. IV4 M. Filzbach (2340'; Rossli, Miirt- 
schenstock, pens. 4V2-5 fr. at both), a village also frequented as a summer- 
resort. From the Britterhohe (2910'), reached in 1/2 hr. by ascending to 
the left (finger-post), we enjoy an admirable survey of the Wallensee and 
the mountains of Toggenburg and Glarus; a more extensive view is 
obtained from the Nenenkamm (6253'), reached via Hahergschwend in 
3Va hrs. (guide desiral)le). — The road ascends for a short distance and 
then descends steadily. In 20 min. we reach a point (right), affording a 
good view of the head of the Wallensee, the valley of the Linth Canal, 
bounded on the left by the Hirzli (p. 57), and the Wiggis cliain. Near 
(3 M.) Beglingen we get a glimpse of the Grlarnisch and the Todi , and 
then descend in windings (avoided by short-cuts) to (1 M.) Mollis (p. 91). 

Two more tunnels. To the left lies Quinten (p. 58 ; ferry in ^2 h^'O- 

43^2 ^f- Murg {Schifflij Rossli, both plain, pens. 4=^/2-^)^12 fi'-; 
Krone; Hirsch; Pens. Villa Waldheim. 4^2-6 fr., well spoken 
of), charmingly siiualed at the mouth of the Mnrijtal, witli a 

Pleasant footpaths lead to 074 hr.) Quarten, (l^f^hr.) Obstalden, and 
other points. Fine views of the Wallensee and Curfirsten. 

A visit to the *Murgtal, a valley 12 M. long, is recommended (guide, 
9 f r. to th<; lakes, unnecessary). A good road ascends to tlic riglit from 
the spinning-inill to the mill-dam, passing a monument to tiic j)atriotic 
Hfinricli Simon of Breslau (d. 1860), just beyond which a short-cut ('Wasser- 
fali'j diverges to the left. Beyond the dam, whence the road goes on I0 
the Hccond bridge (see below), we take the foot|)atli leading to the left 
to (26 min.) a projecttion opj)Osite the pretty Fall of the Murg. At the 
f2 min.) iron bridge al)ove the fall (1930') we join a road froin Murg on 
the right bank, by which w(; may retnrn. About 100 yds. from the bridgd 
two paths diverg(! from this road ; one, narrow l)ut distinct, leads to (.'55 min.) 
C^uarten Tsee p. 60) the other skirts the right bank of the Ming to the 
second bridge (sec; iielow). — Fron» tli(! lirst briilge a p;ith aHcM'nds on th«' 
left hank to the (5 min.) road, which leads in »/.j hr. to the second bridges 
^2430'j. After a steej. ascent of :'/< hr. on the left bank the jiath returns 

{]{) /./.'./-/. Muj's, i,j>.9o,so. WA1,I,K\S'|' ADT. rroiji Zurich 

to the Murg and crosses it l>y a third hridgc at the ('/a ^i^'O hef^innin^i: of 
the Mcrlt'it Alp {IH'AO'). [To the right diverges the route to the Miirtschen 
Alp (see below; •/« 'ir- farther up are the falls of the iSpoubach, iu a 
wild ravine).] The track thfu aseends on the right bank, through mead- 
ows and wood and past the liachlanl and Morntii Alptf, to the v-'/a hrs.) 
three Miirgaeen 541)0', oUoo' and 5y«0'). From the highest lake the 
*Ht>ttor .M\>o'; iiiav he asci'niied in 2 hrs. (guide desirable, 4 f r. ; tiie 
fisherman or a henlsiuan); striking view. — From the highest lake a rougli 
path crosses the AViderstein-Furkel (,i')»)05') to the Muhlcbach-Tal and 
i,:i7« hrs.) Enyi in the Sernftal (p. 101; guide 17 fr.); another leads over 
the Murgsee - Furkel (»i5T()') to the Miii'tschen Alj) ((>0()0'), and tiien 
either vi:i thr I'lattt )i Alp and Fronalp (p. 92) to (5 hrs.) (HaritH (guide 
17 fr.), or via the Spannt'ng (p. U2) to the Talalp-lScc and (4Va hrs.) Ob- 
tftaldett ^p. 6U; guide 13 fr.), or via the Mccrcu Alp to (4'/a hrs.) Miihlc- 
horn (p. 59; guide i;j fr.). 

Beyond Murg, another luiiiu'l; above, to the right, lies Qaarlen. 

— -IS'/j 31. Unter-Terzen iiilunienau; liahnhof-llotel; Freieckj. 

A fine road (diligence to Oher-Terzen twice daily in 65 min. ; {\b c.) 

'- hence to the right to (IVa M.) Quarten (1880'; *Kurhaus Quarfett, 

at I'/r-j l^- Ij L)- -Va» pens. 5-t; fr.), charmingly situated, with 

u new churcii. From C|uarten a footpath (views) leads along the hillside 

to (■^1^ hr.) th(! Murg Fall (p. 59). Anotiier and iiigher path leads, linally 

through wood, to tiie (IV4 hr.) second bridge in the Alurgtal (see p. 51)). 

— A pleasant excursion may be made from Quarten (with guide), via Ober- 
Terzen (road to this point), to the ('6 hrs.) three Seeben Lakes (5320'; 
Kurhans Sccbeiij 100 beds, pens. 4-5 fr.). Fine view from tiie (J iislen 
(;»",025'), V4 hr. to the N.W. VVc return by the Molreer Alp («;o<;5') and the 
Munzkarren (^825'), betw(;en the Munzkoi^f and the Breitmantel, which 
atfords a tine view of the MUrtschenstock and other peaks. On reaciiing 
(1^/4 hr.) the Mtinz Alp (6070') we descend either tlirough the Tobdvald 
to (1V« hr.) Quartettj or (steep) to the (1 hr.) Biichlatii Aljj in the Murg- 
tal (see above). 

On the steep rocks opposite are several waterfalls; to the right, 
the village' of Alois (Hot. -Pens. Thalhof, 30 beds, pens. 4-5 fr.;. 
Then a tunnel and a bridgi; across the ^Secz Canal. 

48\', M. Wallenstadt (1400'; Hot.- Pens. Churflrsten, at 
the station, U. 2-3, B. 1, D. 27^-3, pens. 5-6 fr., good; Hirsch; 
Sonne; Krone; Post., pens. 472-^ ^r., good;, with 3100 inhab., 
lies */^ M. from the K. end of the lake. 

To the N.W. a road (diligenc(i twice daily in IV4 hr.), affording fine 
views, ascends to (2V9 M.) Wallenstadtberg (2r,45'; several unpretend- 
ing pensions, y'/r^ f*"-)? ^ h(■alth-r(.•^.ort j)l(;asantly situated on the ver- 
dant slope of the WalleuMtadtcr lierg (2t;oo-4200'). The road goes on to 
1 M.j h'nt)t)liiibuhl i :i220'), with a sanatorium for consumptives. A l)ridlc- 
path thence a.scends through wood and iii'^adows to (=74 hr.) Scluliia-lfoclt,' 
ruck (4310'; ♦Kurhaus, open tijroughout the year, 80 beds, pens, ^'/a-^ fr-)> 
2i/t hrs. from Wallenstaut. 

Interesting excur.«<ion (with gijide) frouj Wallensiadt by a stee]) path 
through wood to the (2 hrs.; Alp LiiHiH (4.*J7o'; Ruriiaus Diana); then, nearly 
b.'vel, via the \'i>r(l4ire and Uint/jt- Bilbt Alp to (I'/a hr.) tlie Tarhitn/elu 
Alp (604^/; rustic wl»ey-curc establishment, pens. 1 fr. 70 c). VV'e then 
follow thi! slopes of the CurfirHten, with a series of beautiful views, to 
(1 hr.) OberHiimi '5525';, descend thenc«; to (V-jhr.) SchriiKt-Jlochruck (see 
above), and return to (I'/a hr.) Wallenstadt, viA, Wallenstadtljerg. Or we 
may proceed from Schrina-Hochruck viA, the C/ghr.) Sclnraldu Aljj (4826') 
to the tSiils Alp (4<)55';, go on by the SUifdi to the (1 hr.) lAiubagfj All) 
(4610'), and then descend by a steep but safe path to (I'/a hr.) (^uinten 
(p. 68), whence the lake is crossed by boat ('.•{'/i fr.) to Mury.- To Amdks 

to Coire. ]\IELS. Maj), p.S6. — L F. M. Qi 

over the Leistkamm (6906'), 8-9 hrs. with guide (16 fr.), attractive but 
fatiguing (comp. p. 58). — To "Wildhaus or G-rabs in the Toggenburg (p. 75) 
an attractive and not difficult route (6V2-'? hrs. ; guide 15-20 fr.) leads via 
Ltlsis (see above) and the Niedere (6016'). A more fatiguing path leads 
via Bills Alp (see above) and Falzloch (pass, 7210'), between the Hinter- 
ruck (7570') and the Kdserruck (7425'; both easily ascended from the pass ; 
beautiful views) to Alt-St-Johann or Wildhaus (p. 75; 6V2 brs.). 

We now ascend the broad valley of the Seez. On a rock to the 
right, the ruins of Grdplang (1540') ; to the left, on a rocky height 
above Berschis, the pilgrimage - church of St. Georgen (1940'), 
with old frescoes and Roman remains. — 50 M. Flums (1456' ; 
Hotel Bahnhofy pens. 3^2-4 fr. ; Kurhaus Tannenhoden, pens. 
8-3^/2 fr.). To the S.W. opens the Schilsbach'Tal ; in the back- 
ground rise the Weissmeile7i (8135') and the strangely formed Spitz- 

A footpath, steep in places, from Flums ascends via Berschis (see 
above) and the chalet of GavortscTi mostly through wood to the (21/2-8 hrs.) 
Hotd Kurhaus Seiinisalp (4590'; 90 beds, pens. 4Va-6 fr.), splendidly 
situated at the foot of the G-amsberg, and frequented as a health-resort. 
Luggage of moderate weight is forwarded by mules. 

From Flums to Matt in the Sernftal (p. 101) visi the Mums Alps 
(several inns) and the Spitzmeilen Pass (7253'), 8 hrs., not difficult 
(guide not indispensable). About 3/4 hr. short of the pass (5-6 hrs. from 
Flums), on the Mad Alp, is the Spitzmeilen- Hiitte of the S.A.C. (6856'; 
open for ski-runners in winter; only partly open in summer), whence the 
Spitzmeilen (8218') may be ascended in IV2 hr., with guide (the last 
bit rather difficult). 

Near (541/2 M.) Mels (1607'; Melserhof, at the station, R. 1-2, 
B. 1, D. 2 fr. ; Schlilssel; Lowe)^ a little town with 4035 inhab., 
the Seez descends from the Weisstannen-Talj a valley to the S.W. 

The *Alvier (7753'), an admirable point of view, may be ascended 
hence in 5V2 hrs. (guide, 10 fr., unnecessary for adepts). The path ascends 
steeply from the station to the right to the {S^l2hrs.) Alp Palfries (b'd60'; 
Kurhaus Palfries, 60 beds, pens. 372-^72 fr- ; Alpenrose, Kurhaus Stahlrttfe, 
pens. 3V2-4^ fr, at both), traverses steep and rocky slopes, and reaches 
the (2 hrs.) summit through a narrow cleft by steps cut in the rock {Alvier 
Club Nut, burnt in 1910). The view embraces the Rhine Valley, the 
Rliaetikon, and the Vorariberg, Appenzell, and G-larus Mts. (good panorama 
])y Simon). Good paths also ascend from Flums, Sevelen , Biichs, and 
TrUbbach (comp. p. 85). 

From Mkls to Vattis through the Weisstannen-Tal and Calfeisen- 
Tal (diligence to Weisstannen twice daily in 2V2 hrs. ; fare 2 fr. 56 c. ; one- 
horse carriage 7-9, two-horse 14-lC fr.). The winding road ascends through 
the beautifiil Weisstannen-Tal to (8 M.) "Weisstannen (3260'; *Alpenh()f, 
with garden, 42 beds at lVa-2, B. 1, D. 2V2, pens. 6-5V2 fr. ; Gemse, 
R. IV2-2, B. 1, pens. 4-4Va fr., very fair; Frohsinn, well spoken of), 
a summer-resort surrounded by woods. Thence (witli guide, 16 f r. ; Joa. 
Tschirki) via Unter-Lavtina (4326') and Valtusch (6940') in 4 hrs. to the 
Heidel Pass (78f'.6'), between the Seezheru and the Jfeidehpifz (7980'), 
where we have a fine view of the huge Sardona Glacier, the Trinsorhorn, 
and the Ringelspitz. Descent into the Calfeiscii-Tal via the Mala7iser. 
Alp and S'torkhodeji, to the 'I'amina bridge near >Sf. Martin {44'M)') 2 hrs., 
and to Vattis (p. 90) V^j^ hr. more. — From Weisstannen to Elm by the Fao 
Pass, see p. 102; to Matt )jy the Rieseten Pass, see p. 101. 

At (5BV2 ^') Sargans (1500'; Rail Refit anranf ; Hold 
Tlwrna, at the station, I{. i^h^-2y,^, H. 1 f r. ; ITo/d Bahnhof, jx'ns. 

{r2 I H. I L }l(n>, p.rtf;. MKILKN. From Znr'u-h 

VL^-it Ir. ; luhsfockj Kronc^ Lijirr^ all plain; llof. Schwefelhad, 
well fitted up, pens. Vj^-l^j^ fr.) we reach the Khine Valley and 
the Korschach aiul Coire line (K. 20; to Coire IG M.). The little 
town, ^/^ M, to the \.\V., lies pietiires(|uely at the foot of th(> 
GunzeHy and is commanded by a restored Chdtvau^ a visit to which 
is interesting (rooms fitted up with old furniture; adm. in summer 
8-12 and 1-8, free, except for the collection of arms in the lvni<!;hts' 

hall). Kestauraut. 

The Oonzen (r)015") and the adioiiiinj,' Tschuf/f/c/i (()01.5'), easily 
aMc^endtnl from Saijrans in :;'/a hrs. via Prot, or from tho Kurhuus Pal- 
frios (set; aliove) in 2 Ins. (guide 8 f r. , uot indispeiisable for exports), 
command a highlv pictnrt'sqiio view of the Rhine Valley, the Weisstannen- 
Tal, the Seez-Tal, the Wallensee, etc. 

Railway via RcKjatz to (72^2 M.) Coire, see pp. 83, 86; via 

Bucks to FeldLir^h, see p. 51 4. 

b. KaIlwav on thk Rr(;nT Bank from ZuRtcH to and 
Rappkrswil. Central Railivay Station, p. 44. The train curves 
to the N.E. (to the left the viaduct of the line to Winterihur, p. 65) 
and crosses the Limmat. 2 M. Zurich- Let ten, with the pum})ing 
works for the Zurich water-supply (interesting; adm. free). The 
train ascends the ri<^ht bank of the Limmat for a short time, passes 
under the ZUrichhenj by a tunnel (2288 yds.), and reaches (8^/2 M.) 
Zurich- St adelho fen, in the square of that name (PI. E, 5), near the 
Uto-Quai. The line then passes under the suburb of Nemnilnster 
by another tunnel ( 146ijyds.) and emerges at (5 M ) Zurich- 'Tie fen- 
brnnnen, with its villas and gardens (tramway to Ziirich, p. 40). 
About 3/^ M. to the W. is the Ziirichhorn Park ^p. 54). — 6M. Zolli- 
knn; the village, with its slender spire, lies above, to the left. — 
T^'.j ^ Kusnacht C'^ Sonne, on the lake, with garden ; Falke; See- 
garten lif.stanrant)^ a large village (3-400 inhab.), with a seminary 
for teachers. — 872 ^- Krleahach (Kreuz, pens. 6-7 fr., well spoken 
of), with the Sanatorium FellenbfTg (135 beds, pens. 8-10 fr.), 
pleasantly situated. The train passes through cuttings and a short 
tunnel, then runs high above tlie lake (views;. — lO^y -^^- It^'i'^i- 
herff- Feldmeilen ('Hot. Raben), opposite Horgen (p. 56). 

12 M. Meilen (Lowe, on the lake, R. 2-272, pens. 5-8 fr., very 
fair: Stnnn- ; Bahnhof ; Bellevnc), a large village f3300 inhab.) with 
an old church, at the base of the Pfannensfiel. At Obernteilen 
(Hirsch), ^j^ M. to the E., the Jirst lake-dwellings were discovered 

in 1854. 

The *Pi"iinn©nBtiel ^^>Av'/"'A'>Vw, 2;-ll«'i, to which a road UHciuidH from 
Meilen in 1 hr., .ifTordH a cli.inninK view of the lakoH of ZUrich and Oreifen 
and of the Alps from the S«ntis to the Altcds Cpanoranui l»y Bos.shard). At 
th»- top a monunjent to L. Oken I'd. 1861), the naturaliHt, and a rewtaurant. 

From .\[ErLEN to WE'r/iK<)N, i2'/v» M-» electric tramway in I'Aj In*. 
(1 fr. 25 c.j. Stations: 2 M. r>'iik(m-(jrofi8(torf; :j»/j M. Mannedort-Auf 
Dorf; hVi. Lnnf/holz (to (jKter see j». H4): 5«/aM. Oetwil-am-See (p. H4); 
7>/.^M. Gnininf/f''i/:HiijM. Ottihon; 10 M. OoHHtvi ; Vi^f.M. Wetzikon (]).M). 

toCoire. RAPPERS WIL. Map, p. 56. ~ I. R. 14. 03 

Steamboat from Meilen to Horgen (i3. 56) 8 times daily in 12 minutes. 

14 M. UetiJcon (Krone; Railway Hotel), with a manufactury 
of sulphuric acid. — 14^2 M- ^anniedorf (Wildenmann, on the 
lake, with garden, R. 2-2^/2, B. 1^/4, pens. 5^/2-6 fr., good; Lowe), 
a large village (3100 inhab.), with the Zeller Institute ('faith cure'). 
The high-lying churchyard affords an extensive view. 

16^2 M. Stafa (pop. 4300; Sonne; Eossli und Verenahof, 
pens, from 41/2 fr.), the largest village on the N. bank. To the W., 
at OetikoUj on the lake, is the Patriots^ Monument, by A. Bosch, 
erected in 1898. — The lake now attains its greatest width (2^/2 M.). 
To the E., in the background, rises the Speer (p. 58) ; to the left 
of it the Sentis and the Toggenburg Mts. ; to the right, beyond the 
lake, the wooded Hohe Ronen (p. 136). 

18 M. Uerikon; 20 M. Feldbach (Rossli; Feldbach Brewery). 

To the right, in the lake (reached by small boat from Rappcrswil in 
Vohr.), are the small islands of Liitzelau and TJfenau, in front of the 
wooded Etzel. Ufenati, the property of the abbey of Einsiedeln, contains 
a farmhouse, and a church and chapel consecrated in 1141. TJlrich von 
IJntten, the Reformer, one of the boldest and most independent men of 
liis time, sought refuge here when pursued by his enemies in 1523, and 
died a fortnight after his arrival, at the age of 36. His remains repose 
in the little churchyard, but the exact spot is unknown. 

221/2 M. Rapperswil. — Hotels. *H6tel- Pension du Lac, R. 
2-4, B. 11/4, D. 21/2, pens. 6-71/2 fr. ; *Cygne, R. 2-3, B. 1, D. 21/2, pens. 
6 fr., both on the lake; Post, with garden, R. 2-2V2) B. 1, I). 2 fr. ; 
Hot. -Pens. Speek, with garden (these two at the rail, station); Freihof, 
in the town; Bellevue, on the lake; Stadthof, Ziircher- Str. ; Sonne; 
R()ssLi. — Restaurant Ratskeller, opposite the Rathaus. 

Rapperswil, a picturesquely situated town (3500 inhab.), lies 
at the foot of the Lindenhof, a hill planted with limes (fine view). 
The Rathaus, in the market-place, dating from the 15th cent., 
contains the town archives (500 documents), some guild cups, and 
other interesting objects. The old Schloss (14th cent.) contains a 
black marble column with the Polish eagle, in memory of the be- 
ginning of the long struggle of the Poles for independence, and the 
Polish National Museum, founded by Count R. Plater, including 
pictures, sculptures, antiquities, weapons, uniforms, cameos, and 
coins (adm. daily till 7 p.m. in .^rummer, 5 in winter; 1 f r. ; splen- 
did view from the tower). In the little chapel, in the court- 
yard, is a bronze urn with the h(;art of Kosciuszko (d. 1817), trans- 
ferred hither from Zugwil nearSoleure in 1887. The Parish Church, 
re-erected since a fire in 1881, has valuable sacred vessels. On the 
lake, at the foot of the Lindenhof, are .shady promenades, to which 
also steps descend from the Schloss and from th(; terrace in front. 
The Seedamnt, a viaduct 1024 yds. long, with an iron swing-bridge 
UV long, connects Rapp(!rswil with H M.) IFurden (Adler; Ivossli) 
:md Pfaffikon (\). 57;. 

From Kapp(jrHwil to Sanmtaf/(rrn-/'Hn8ifidelit, see p. I.'Mi; lo Zicf/il- 
hiilcke^ |>. ♦".1. 

r. From /ikhh via Tstku and Ixaitkuswii, to Zikoklhiu ckk. 
— From Ziirirh to (5*/^ M.) WaUiaellen^ see p. 65. The lino traverses 
a flat distrh't, near the rij^ht bank of the Glaff, which Hows out of 
the (treifensee /see below). T'/^ ^^- Dnhcndorf ; 9^/^ AI. Schtrer- 
Z(*nha''h. From (11 M.) Ntinikon-G rcifvuHee a road l(»ads (o the 
right to the (*/g M.) villanre of Greifcnsee (Krone), with its old 
chateau, on the pretty lake of the same name, served by a motor- 
launch. Flni' vi»'W of the (Jlanis A1])S. 

13.M. Uster(15:J()'; pop. 8550; Usferhof,}<.'2-i,B.'i, D. 21/2, 
pens. H-10 f r. ; Sfern, pens. 5-8 f r. ; Krenz)^ a manufacturin<; place, 
(^n the right arc the church, with its pointed spire, and the loftily 
situated old castle with its massive tower, the seat of the district- 
court (restaurant: lin«* view). 

From Uhtkk to IjANOiiolz, fi'/a M , electric tramway in M\ iiiin. (1 fr.). 
Stations: !'/< M. liiedikon: '^ M. ^fonchdltorf (U6Q'; KurhMiiK witli niincrnl 
spriiip, pons. 4-5 fr.); 4'/a M, E'^sfhtf/i'if (motor-car via Forch to Zurich, 
see p. 55); 5 M. Ot'fwil-dm-See (1780'; inn), a village prettily situated 
above the Lake of Zliricli ; C>»/8 M. Ijangholz^ junction of the electric 
tramway from Meilen to Wotzikou (p. 62). 

Farther on there are several birge cotton-mills. Beyond (15^2^1-) 
Aathnl the Alps of Glarus and Schwyz form the S. background. 
From (17 M.' Wefzikon (Schwcizerhof) branch-lines lead to the 
N.W. to Pfnffikon and Effrefikon (p. 65), and to the E. (in 10 min.) 
to Hinwil (Hirsch; Kreuz), at the N.W. base of the Bachtcl (see 
below); to the S.W., electric tramway to Meilen (p. 62; in 1 hr. 
22 min.j. Near (21 M.) Bnhikon (Lowe, plain) the line attains its 
highest level a800'). — 227^ M. Rilti (1587'; Lowe, Schweizerhof, 
both very fair), with engine-works and silk-factories, junction of 
the Tossfnl Line (\). 66). 

The * (.'^UTO'; Hf'Staurai/t; view-tower, 20 c.), 2 hrs. to the 
N.E. of RUti, commands a fine view to the N.W. over the picturesque 
irHtcr district and the lakes of Oreifen and Pfaflfikon ; to the S. the Lake 
of Zurich from Wiidenswil to the iuHux of the Lintli (Janal, the Linth 
Valley as far as the bridpc of Mollis, and the Al|)s from the Scntis to the 
Bernesp Oherland (see Honegger and Imfcld's Panorama, at tlic inn). It 
is })est ascendtul from GihMtnl fp. (W) ; 8'/a M. to tlie N. of RtUi) in 1 lir., 
from Wnld (p. 00; 4V| M.) in !'/« hr., or from IfimriJ (see ;il)Ove; small 
carriage to the top 7 fr.) in IVa hr. 

Beyond a tunnel the train descends, chlctly throngli wood. Near 
Jona (Schliissel), a manufacturing village almost adjoining Rap})ers- 
wil, we descry the Alps of Schwyz to the S., and farther on, the 
Mflrtschenstock, Speer, and Sentis on the left. 

2672 ^- Rapperswil (Rail. Restaurant) , see p. 63. The 
station is a terminus, where the train reverses its direction. Views 
to the right as far as Weesen. We cross the Jona, pass the nun- 
nery and girls' school ef Wurmsharh on the right, and return to 
the lake near Bolliuf/en. Large quarries. — 33 M. Schmerikon 
(Gasthof zum Bad^ pens. 372*5 ^^\ Ros.sli : Sechof; Adler), at the 
upper (md of the lake, near the mouth of the Linth Canal (p. 65). 

WIXTERTHUR. /• R- /5. 65 

To the right, on the N.E. spur of the Untere Buchberg (1975'), 
stands the ancient Schloss Grinau, with a frowning square tower. 

341/2 M. Utznaeh {Lindhof; Hot. Bahnhof, well spoken of, 
both at the station) ; the village (1378' ; 2010 inhab. ; Ochs; Falke; 
Kroae) lies at the foot of a hill to the left, overlooked by its church. 
— RicJcen Railway to Wattwil, see p. 73. 

To the left, on a hill, the monastery oi Sion (2317'). — 361/2 M. 
Kaltbrunn-Benken. The former (Hirsch) lies 1 M. to the N., while 
Benken (Hot. zur Eisenbahn, with garden) is 1/2 M. to the S. The 
wooded range on the right is the Ohere Buchberg (2020'). 

Carriage-roads lead from the station of Kaltbrunn-Benken or Utznacli 
to (3 M.) Rieden (2360'; *Pens. Rossli, 4 fr.), a health-resort, command- 
ing charming views. Excursions may be made thence to the (2 hrs.) 
Reyelstein (4324'; fine view); to the (3V2 ^rs.) Sjpeer (p. 68); via Alxj 
Breitenau to (2 hrs.) Ebnat-Kappel (p. 76), etc. 

Beyond (40 M.) Schanis (1385' ; 1900 inhab. ; Hirsch; Lowe), 
another industrial place, the ancient frontier of Ehsetia, we approach 
the Linth Canal, constructed in 1807-22 to connect the Lake of 
Zurich with the Wallensee, and draining, in conjunction with the 
Escher Canal, a once dismal and swampy region. The canal runs 
parallel with the railway at the foot of the Schaniser Berg (5470') ; 
to the right, a striking view of the valley of Glarus with its snow- 
mountains. On the opposite bank of the Linth Canal is the Linth- 
Colonie, now an agricultural institution. 

42 M Ziegelbrilcke, see p. 57. 

15. Prom Zurich to Romanshorn and 
Priedrichshafen (Lindau), 

Kaif.vvay to Romanshorn (52 M.) in 1^/4-4 hrs. (8 fr. G5, 6 fr. 5, 4 fr. 
o5 c.) Steamboat thence to Friedrichshafen (7V2 M.) in 1 hr. (1 Ji 20 or 
.SO pf.); to Lindau (14 M.) in iVa hr. (2 c^ 25 or 1 c^ 50 pf.). 

The train crosses the Sihl, ascends in a wide curve, crosses 
the Limmaf, and passes under the Kdferberg by a tunnel 1020 yds. 
long. —372 M. Oerlikon fl443' ; Sonne; Hot. Bahnhof, R. IV2-2V2, 
I». 1 fr.), junction of the line to Schaffhausen (p. 44). Electric 
tramway to Zurich, see p. 47. To Wettingen, sec p. 30. 

The line crosses the Glatt. At (5^2 M.j Wallisellen {\Am\ii) 
the Kapperswil line diverges to the right (see p. 64j. Fine view of 
the Glarus Alps. 7^/2 M. Dietlikon; IO72 M. Effretikon (branch- 
line to Wefzikuu, p. 64); 13 M. Kempfthal. Near Winterthur the 
'/V;.s.s is crossed. On a hill to the left are the ruins oi Hoch-Willf- 

17 M. Winterthur. — Hotels: ^H<>t. Tkhminth, at tlu> Htatiou, 
10 U'Ah at 2-:{, B. 1, I), incl. wine 2'/2 fr. ; *L<)WE, 40 hcdn at 2'/.i-5, H. l«/4, 
U. :5, pnnH. 7'/.j-10 f r. ; *Kronf;, 40 ]>cdH at 2V9-^J, D. 2'/u. I'^"«- f»'f"» '^ f'"- J, U, li/„.:i, H. 1, D. I'/.^-a, pens. 5-H f r. ; Ociis, R. I'/y-H, D. 2, poiiH. 
from & fr. - ^Raihray, Om?/o, Rheuifdn, and Walholla RcKtaunintft. 

Hakdbkkk, Switzf-rJund. 2itli p:)dition. .O, 

GO / ii"'^ /■>. KRAUKNFEr.D. 

Wififerfhur {l-i4T)^ on tho Kularh^ is an industrial and wealthy 
town (2r>,(M)() inhab.^ and an important rail way-J unction. Handsome 
Stiulthdus dosiirruMl bv Semper (1S70). The Museum eontains the 
town-library ^48, 000 vols.) and natural history eollections. In the 
Kn/isf/utlle (open 10-12 and 2-4) are good paintinjjjs by Swiss artists 
an<l a publie rt'adinj^-room. The Indusfrlal Museum (open 8-12 
and 2-t) , near the eantotial l\'<'hni<'(il School^ contains important 
technical and art-industrial collections, Komaii and medifeval anti- 
quities, etc. The Famtrama of tJw UUfi near the Technical School 
is worth seein«i^. 

Fkom Wistkktiuk to \VAi,i>sHrT, 32 M., railway in 2 Iith. Tlic liiu' 
traverHes tlie Tossfa/. Stat. Tons, Wiilflinf/en, rfintrfen- Ncftrnbtich, 
Flnihrach-Rorhnn. TIm' train ({uits the TOss and passes tlnoii<.'li a liinnel 
(1980 yds.). 10»/a M. Biilach (p. 13); 12'/^ M. Glaftfeldrn; lo'/a M- Eglisau 
(to SchiiffhauMfn, t^>'0 p. -IS). -Wo now follow the left bank of the llhine 
and cross the (Jlatt. l:5tat. ZicfidlcH : lU M. Wciach- Kainerstif hi, a i{miiiit 
little town with a Mussive tower; on the right hank, Schloss R6teln, and 
farther on, the ruins of Weiss- Wasaerstelz. Stat. Riiiinkon, RecJciiu/en, 
Zurzarh, and (30'/a M.) Cohlenz, where the Rhine is crossed to (32 M.) 
Wnliishut [\). 33). Via Laufenburif to Stein-iSacl\i)ff/(H, see p. 27. 

From Wintkri'iu'r t<> RiJTi , 29 M. , in 2-2'/4 lirs., by the Tosstal 
Rfiiiirai/.--2 M. Gnize: 3 M. Seen. Near (6 M.) Sennhof {2b miu. to the 
8.W. oif whieh is the old chateau of Kihurff, 2070', commanding a line 
view) we enter the prettv Tosstal. Stations: 5Va M. KoUbrunn; 7V'i M. 
Rikon; 8 M. Rtiviismuhie-Zell; 10 M. Turbental (1810'; Bar); about 2 M. 
to the E. (one-horse carr. 3V9 fr.) is the frequented Gyrenbad (2-190'; 
50 R., pens. r.-7 fr.), with an alkaline spring (see p. t>7). 11 M. Wila; 
13 M, Snhind; \b^j^ .M. Jitn/ni<L (2103'; buffet; Tanne), all thriving in- 
dustrial places. IS'/^ \l. Stiff : 20 M. Fischental; 21=74 M. GibsnAl (2190'), 
situated on th»' watershed, whence the liachtel (p. 64) may be ascended 
in 1 lir. Then through the picturesque valley of the Jona to (25 M.) 
Wald (2037'; Rail. Restaurant; Krone; Rimli; Sclnoert; Ochs), an in- 
dustrial place (7000 inhab.) at the S.E. foot of the Bachtel (p. 64). Passing 
the waterfall of Huhc fxuif, we join the Ztlrich and Rapperswil line at 
(29 M.; Riiti (p. C,4). 

From Winterthur to Schafpuuisen, see R. 12b; to St. Gallen and Ror- 
schach, see p. 67; to Etzttilen, see p. 41. 

Oar line traverses the green and fertile Thurgau. 18 M. Oher- 
winteiihnr (p. 41); 2072 M. Wiesendamjen ; 24^2 ^^- Islikon. 

21 M. Frauenfeld (1340'; pop. 8377; Falke , Hotel Balin- 
hof, both j^ood ; Km/ie^ moderate^, on the Mtirg, with large factories, 
is the capital of the Thurgau. The old ^Sf^Moss with its massive 
keep, on an ivy-clad rock, is said to have been built by a Count of 
Kibtir;: in th»' 11th century. — From Frauenfeld to Wil (p. 67), 
11 M., steam-tramway in 1-I74hr. 

29^2 ^- Felben. Near (33 M.) Milllheim-Wiqolfin(ien the train 
crosses the Thir. 35 M. Marstetten; '^7^.^ M . Weinfelden (1415' ; 
pop. 4000; Tht/rt/auer Uof ; Krone; Traiihe, pens. 5-7 fr.). To 
the left, Srhloss Weinfelden (1850'; view;, on the vine-clad 
Ottenherg. — 40 iM. Biirglen. — 42 M. Sulgen ^584'; Helvetia, 

Schweizerhof, at both R. 1-2 ir.). 

Fkom Sulokn to Gohsai:, 14Va M., railway in l-l'/a li'-. (1 fr. «;6, 1 fr. 
13 c). We traverse the pretty valley of the Thur. Stations: Kradolf, 

WIL. I- Route 16. 67 

Sitterdorf. 6 M. BischofszeU (1670'; Linde; Loive ; Hecht; Hirsch), 
a small town (pop. 2800) at the confluence of the Thur and Sitter, with 
paper factories and embroideries. Then Ilauptivil, Arnegg, and Gossan 
(see below). 

43 M. Erlen (Hot. Bahnhof). — 471/2 M. Amristvil (Krone). 
52 M. Bomanshorrij see p. 43. 

16. Prom Zurich to St. Gallen, Rorschach, 

and Lindau. 

Railway to St. Gallen (621/2 M.) in 2-3 hrs. (8 fr. 85, 6 fr. 20, 4 fr. 
45 c); to Rorschach (62 M.) in 22/3-41/2 hi"s. (10 fr. 20, 7 fr. 16, 6 fr. 10 c). 

— Steamboat from Rorschach to LindoAi in 1 hr. {1 JC 65 or 1 e^^ 10 pf.). 

From Ziirich to (17 M.) Winterthur, see p. 65. The Curfirsten 
gradually appear to the S. and the Appenzell Mts. to the S.E. — 
2OV2 M. Eaterschen; 24 M, Elgg (1673'; Ochs). To the S. (4 M.) 
is the Schauenberg (2930'; fine view), on the S.W. slope of which 
lies the Gyrenbad (p. 66). — 25^2 ^- -^cidorf (Linde; Lowe); 
291/2 M. Eschlikon. — 31 M. Sirnach (1810'). 

Ascent of the Hoknli, 3 hrs., interesting. A road ascends the valley 
of the Murg via Dussnang and Fischingen (2067' ; Sonne ; Stern), with its 
old abbey, to the (6i/a M.) cross at Allemvinden (3125'), whence a good path 
leads to the (3/4 hr.) top of the *H6rnli (3726'; Restaurant), a famous 
point of view. The descent may be made to Bauma (p. 66). 

33 M. Wil (1880' ; Rail. Restaurant; Hotel Bahnhof, R. 2-3, 
B. 11/4, D. 3, pens. 6-8 fr., very fair; Hot. Schonthal, R. IV2-2V2, 
pens. 6^2-7^2 fi'-? well spoken of; Schwan; Landhaus)., a pictur- 
esque old town (6862 inhab.). 

A fine view is obtained from the Hofherg (1/2 hr.); and a more ex- 
tensive one from the *N'oUen (2590'; Inn), I1/2 hr. to the N.E. (omnibus 
via Rossriiti and Wuppenau, 80 c). The descent may be made to (11/4 hr.) 
Utzwil (see below) or to Weinfelden or Biirglen, on the Romanshorn rail- 
way (p. 66). 

Branch-line to Ebnat- Kappel, see pp. 74, 75; to Frauenfeld, p. 66. 

The train crosses the Thur near (35^2 ^') Schwarzenbach. 

— 391/2 M. Utztvil (1856'), the station for Nieder - Utzioil on 
the left and Ober-Utzwil on the right. — 42^2 M. Flawil (2010'; 
Rosslif Post, both very fair), a manufacturing village (6210 in- 
habitants). The Glatt is crossed. — 46 M. Gossau (Hot. Bahnhof; 
branch-line to Sulgen, see above). — 48^2 ^I- Winkeln (2160'; 
Kreuz; Lowe). 

Fkom Winkeln to Appenzell, 16 M., in I1/2 lir., by the narrow-gauge 
Appenzell Railway. The line passes the lleinrichabad (*Kurliaus, witli 
chalyl)(!ato spring and park, 140 beds at IV4-3 fr. , pens. 5-7 fr.). 
3M. Herisau (2428'; IJiwe, R. 1V.,-2V2, B 1, D. 2i/a, pens. 6-7 fr. ; Storch, 
II. 2-3, pens. 5-8 f r. ; Tonhalle, \l. IV2-2V2) V^^^^- 5"^ ^r.), th«^ capital of- 
Canton Appenzell Ausser-Rhoden, a thriving town (15,273 in!ial».) with 
important embroideries, is a station of th(! new liodcnsee-Toggcnburg 
llailway (p. 72). A fine vi(!w is obtained from the (1 M.) RoHciihrrg 
f2880'; inn). About 4'/^ M. to the S.W. (carriage-road) is the beautifully 
Hitiiate<l health-resort of SchwcUhrnnn (3190'; llarnionij^ pens. 3'/.^fr,; 
Kreuz; Siintisblick). A good view may b«' liad from the Sifz (366^'), 


nS /• i.'^V. .l/^</'X. /'/». 7';, 7.S. S'r. (iALLEiN. From Ziirich 

I'/a M. farther on.— 5 M. WUen. 5V« M. ViTiUdstatt (2r>7(;'; *A''//?7ia//.v 
Uirsch, 75 beds at lV«-2, H. 1, 1). 2, pens. 6-»') Ir. ; Hot. -Pens. Sdntinblick, 
with ^'iirden , pens, from 6 fr. ; Sanaforiui/t Morifenntcrn , pens. U'/j fr.), 
A hr;ih|j-re>tort with a clialvheate spriim. Then througli the Urnii^rh 
VaUtil, hy ZiirchtrshiuhU-, to ry'/4 M.^ Uriuisch (27;<5'; *Kronr, U. I'/.^, 
B. 1, pens. Vl^-i> fr.; f/ot. lidhnhof). Ahoiit •/:< M. above Urnilseh Ik tlio 
primitive spa of lioncnhih/H [2H\i-2'). Ascent of the Sends from Urnilsch, 
8ec p. Hi. Over the Krtitzfrn Pa^tt to Nni-St-Jofiann, see j). 75. — Beyond 
UniHseh the train passen the (12 M.) Jdk'ohnbdd (to the K.), with its 
sprinj? (pens. 4«/«-5'/« f«.), and goes on to (lo M.) Gonten (21)70'; *L(hrf; 
Krtmf; litir) and (14 M.) (rontrnlxKil (2tH)0'), with a chalybeate spring. It 
then crosses the valb-y of the Kauhach to (1(5 M.) A])i)rn:^(ll (p. 79). 

We cross the deep valley uf the Sifter by an iron bridge, 207 yds. 

long and 174' hi;,^h. — r)() M. Bniggen. 

52»/.^ M. St. Qallen. RuU. Restaurant. Hotels. *VVai.iiam .\- 
Tkkmini-8 (; 1), 2'. opposite the station, 110 l)e(ls, R. ;}-(>, B. I'/j., 
\h 3V„ S. 2>/.., pens, from 12 f r. ; *Hkcht (PI. a; E, 2), Markt-Plalz, (;5 beds, 
U. 3-G, 1). incl. wine ;i»/^, pens. 10-11 fr. ; HiiiscH (PL c; E, 2), Markt-Platx., 
R. 2-;h, D. 3, pens. 7-9 fr. ; Galmtshof, Markt-Platz 18, 30 beds at 2V2-I, 
pens, from 7 fr.; *8ohifk CPl. d ; D, 2), xMultergasse, R. 2'/a-3V2, i^- IV4, D.'2V2' 
pen8. G-8fr. ; Bahniioic (PI. e; (',2), R. 2'/a-3, 1). 2Va-i^. Pt'"«- <•-» ^ ' • i Hot. 
KisKKMN (PI. f; E, 2), Theater-Platz, R. ^rom 2, pens. 5-C) f r. — Baths 
at 'Vohltr's , St. Mat^nihalde 11, and ScifcrVs, Rorschacher-Str. 35; in 
Hunnner, oprn-air baths at I >reilinden (p. ()9). — Cabs: V4 '>i-> 1-2 per- 
Hons hO c, 3-4 pers. 1 fr. 20, V^ hr. 1 fr. 20 and 1 fr. 80, ^^ br. 1 fr. OO 
and 2 fr. 40 c, 1 hr. 2 fr. and 3 fr., luggage 20 c. ; double fares at night. 
Also Auto-Tuxunetera. — Tramways to Bruggen, to Heiligkreuz, and 
to Krontal (fare from 10 c); also to Appenzell via Gais and to Trogen 
vii\ Speicher (both starting from the railway-station; see pp. 82, 78). - 
.Vmkkican CoNHrL, Robert D. I. Mtirphij, Teufener Str. 2; Vicc-Consul 
Eugene Habel : Bimtish Vin:- Consul, J. J. Nef-Kcrii.- Information 
Office, Schiltzengasse 2 (PI. 1), 2). 

St. Gcillen (2205';, one of the highest of the larger towns of 
Kurope, eapital of the canton, and an episcopal see, is one of the 
chief indnstrial towns in Switzerland. Embroidered cotton goods 
are its stapb' product. Pop. 37,817. 

From the Station (PI. (',2) we go to the left through the Post- 
Strasse or the Bahrihof-Stra.sse to the 3Iarkt-Platz (PI. E, 2), the 
cptitre of the crowded Old Town. The busy Marktgasse, with the 
l^ftflinn Munuffie/it (by Kissling], leads hence S. to tbe Prot. Church 
of St. Lawrenr.e (PI. E, 3), in the Gothic style (restored in 1849-54), 
with a lofty tower. Adjacent is the Klosterhof (abbey-yard; PI. D, 
E, 3), eontainitfg the F^hnkdictink Aiuikv, rounded in the 7th ccnl. 
by St. Gallus, an Irish monk, rebuilt in the 18th cent., and sup- 
pressed in 1805, one of the most famous seats of learning in 
Europe from the 8th li> the 10th century. The buildings now ac- 
comrnodalf the eantonal oflices and the bishop's I'esidence. — The 
Atjtu'if Church or Catluulral, rebuilt in 175(i-()8 in the rococo style, 
contains finely carved choir-stalls and a beautiful iron choir-screen. 

The celebrated Ahhkv Likkakv, in tbe inner court (onen on Mon., 
Wed., and Sat. 9-12 and 2-4, for strangers at other times also), contains 
:^),0<J0 voIh. (16*'»4 incunabula) and many valuable MSS. (a ])salter of Notker 
Labeo of the 10th cent., a Nibclungenlied of the 13th cent., the Casus 
Monasterii S. Galli, of the llth cent., etc.). Of the MSS. mentioned in 
a catalogue of the year 823 about 400 still exist. 




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to Rorschach. ST. GALLEN. /• Route 16. 69 

In the Gallus-Str., to the W. of the abbey-yard (PL D, 3), are 
the Municipal Offices, containing an Ethnological Museum, (open 
on Wed., 1-3, and Sun., 10-12 & 1-3). — To the E., in the inei7ie 
Bruhl, with its pleasant promenades, is the large Cantonal School 
(PL E, 3). Farther on, in the Grosse Briihl, are the Town Library 
i^Bibliotheca Vadiana\ open Tues., Thnrs., and Sat., 2-4; 70,000 
vols, and 500 MSS., chiefly of the Reformation period), and the 
Public Park, prettily laid out, with a botanic garden (Alpine 
plants) and the Museum (PL F, 2; open free on Sun. 10-4, Tues. 
and Frid, 1-3, at other times 1-4 pers. 50 c, more than 4 pers. 
1 fr.). On the ground-floor are the Natural History Collections ; 
on the first floor the Picture Gallery of the Kunstverein (works by 
Koller, Diday, Makart, A. Feuerbach, Eitz, Schirmer, and others), 
and the collections of the Historical Society. In the vestibule of 
the first floor is a relief of the Sentis district, by A. Heim. 

In the Borsen-Platz, at the W. end of the frequented Multcr- 
gasse (embroidery market on Wed. and Sat.), in front of the hand- 
some Swiss Bank (PL 2; D, 2, 3), is the Broder Fountain, by A. 
r)Osch, erected in 1898 to celebrate the completion of the aqueduct 
from the Lake of Constance. — The Industrial Museum (PI. 3; I), 
3), with a collection of lace and embroidery and a library, is in the 
Vadian-Strasse (open Sun. 10-12, on other days, except Mon., 9-12 
and 2-5). Some embroidering-machines may be seen at the Lager- 
haus, David-Str. 40 (PL C, 3). 

P'rom the S. end of the town a cable-tramway (3 min.; fare 15, 
down 10 c.) ascends through the gorge of the Steinach to the suburb 
of Muhleck (2440' ; restaurant). On the other side of the Steinach, 
Va M. to the E., are the open-air baths of Dreilinden (PL E-G, 4, 5 ; 
2540'), much frequented in summer. 

ExcuKKioNS. The *Freudenberg (PI. G, 5; 2910'; Restaurant), 2 M. 
to the S.E. of the town and 1 M. from Mlihleck (see above; carriage for 
1-2 pers. 7 fr., 3-4 pers. 12 fr.), commands a charming view of tlie Lake 
of Constance; in the foreground lie St. Gallon and the surrounding country, 
dotted with houses, to the S. the Sentis cliain , the Glarniscli, TOdi, etc. 
To the Rosenberg (2470'; carr. 2 fr., .^ fr.), with the cantonal deaf- 
and-dumh institution and numerous villas on the 'Hohenweg'. The road 
■■:(}(-H on via Rotntonten (PI. E, 1) to the (3 M.) inn of /SVS'. Peter and Paid 
(2580'), with a large d(ier-park (iriore conveniently readied in 20 min. from 
the tramway-station of Heiligkreuz ; see j). r.8). — Kronbiihl (2035'; inn; 
carriage 3 fr. , 5 fr.), 3 M. to the N. on the Arlion road, '/a l>i- from tlif 
t laniway-station HeiligkrcMiz, altords a view of the Lake of (instance, 
Tlic Sanatorium Untere Waid (2or,8'; 70 beds, pens. 8>/«-l8 fr.) and 
tii<; Sanatorium Oberwaid (21(')5'; 95 beds, |)ens. incl. medical attend- 
ance 10-ir, fr.) are two hcalth-rcisorts, 3 M. to the N.K. ('/^ hr. from thr 
Irainway-station Krontal), with spbndid vi(;ws (carriage in '/a '"•» ' '"' 
'■> fr.). From the Brod(!r Fountain we j)roc('(Ml by the Ohcrc Grahen and 
the J{rrn<'c,k-Str. in 20 min., or from MlUilcck (scf ahovc) in 10 min., to 
Ihe *Falkenburg (V\. (!, J; 25r)0'; ReHtayrani), which commands the hest 
MU-rvHy of the town. We then cross the wooded Rci'nrch' to the ('/4 br.) 
SchpfjfclMtein, with a charming view of the Sentis, whcnct* we di'scrnd to 
C, min.) tho yr,»t (Pl, A, 5; 2.540'; n-staurant); ahont 1/4 hr. farther on 
IH ihv Solitud*' i'ZiVMi' ; view). Thence hack by the Teufen road (!'/, M.)- 

70 /. B. tt;. Map, p. 7s. K()KSCUA('H. ^>^"^' y^f^rich 

Vi;\ 4S7. Georifen (cable-tramway to Mllhlfck) and Bnutii (inn) to tlio (1 lir.) 
Schiifiimtiii (.hiH)'; inn). Al)out Vt M. to tlio S.W. ia the *Frolichsegg 
(SJJl^o'; *Inn), with an a«!niirahle virw: Teufen in the foie^noiind , the 
Appouzoll Mtfi., heginninf^ with the Filhnern, to the left, the Kanior, the 
Hohe Kasten about the middle of the chain, the green Ehenalj) hclow the 
snow; more to the rijrht, the Altmann and the Sentis witli its snow-ticlds ; 
in the distance, the Glarnisch and S])eer; to the W., the railway' and road 
to Wil; to the N. , part of the Lake of Constance. -Returnin^^ to the 
Schiltlisegjj, we may either proceed to (=74 ^^•) Teufen (p. 83; electric Iram- 
wav), or follow a shadv path to the N.E., skirting the ridge and atfording 
fine viewH, vi4 WaUUg'n (inn) to the (I'/i br.) *Birt (3380'; inn; beautiful 
view), whence we descend to the (5 min.) Vof/iiinsegff (p. 78) and (3M.; 
electric tramway in '/« br.) St, Gallen. 

From St. (jalleri the line threads the Rosevberg Tunnel (lOOO 
yds. in liMij^thi to i.VJ'/i M.) ^7. Fiden (2126'; Hot. National), the 
junction of the F.odcnsee-Toggonburg railway (p. 72), and thon 
enters the narrow valley of the Steinarh. Ernbanknients and cut- 
tings arc traversed in rapid succession. Beyond (5672 ^O Morsch- 
tcU (1778') we turn to the ri<;ht; on the left the Lake of Constance 
is fre(|uently visible, with P^riedrichshafcn on its N. bank. — We 
then cross the (iiddarh before (6072 M.) Goldarh (1476'). 

62 .M. Rorschach. Two stations: Rorschach Uafen (Restau- 
rant, - w';, at tbf pier; Horschfirh B<i?inhof, ^UM. to the E., wliere 
the lii III St. Gallen and Romanshorn join that from Coirc. 

Hotels. *Akkek, 80 beds at 2Vr5, B- IV2, 1^- ^^2, Pcns- 8-12 f r. ; *ll<yr. 
Spi.Cuts. 10 bods at 2-3, R. I"/*, D. 2'/^, pens, from G fr. ; *Hihsch, 40 l»eds 
at 2>/r4, B. IV4, I>. 3, pens. 7-10 f r. ; Hot. Bahnhof, R. 221/2, D- 2 fr. , very 
fair; Hot. Booan, 20 beds at 2-'i72, pens. 7-9 fr., good; Schiff, 10 l)fds 
at 2-4, prns. 7-l« fr. ; Gkunkk Bacm, R. I'/a-SWi;? pens, (j-8 f r, ; RiisKM, li. 
J-J'/4, pens. :;•/, f r. ; Hot. Badhof, R. I'/a"^ fr. -*ItaiL licsfdio'ant (see 
above), with a terrace on the lake. —Oaths at BiLumgartncr''s^ on the lake; 
iMke UathH ^U M- to the W. (40 a.). - Post and Telef/raph Office behind 
the Harbour Station. 

litrrsrharfi 1 1310'; pop. 12,677;, a busy town on the Lake of 
Constance, is also a summer-resort, frequented for its lake-baths. 

K' ns. Above Rorschach (V4 br.) rises the old al)bey of Maria- 

borg with handsome (•loirtt<;rs, now a training-scliool. Short of 

the abbey a road b-adinj; tirst to the riglit and then to the left (tingcr- 
pOHts farther up) ascenjlH the Rorttrhnrher Berg, with its nieadows and 
orchards, to the ('/»hr.)St. Anna Schloss (1H:{5'), formerly the pro])erty 
of the AbbotM of St. Gallm, now partly restored (restaurant); fine vi(!W 
from the upper rooms over the whole lake, with the Vorarll)cr}^ Mts. and 
tb' ' " in. The whole hillsifb; is intersected by paths which afford 

a >- .-ant walks, (iood inns at ('/j br.) iW. Sulzberg (1722') and 

(Vf br.; lilt; liiikriiniht (lfi67';. From the St. Anna Scliloss a winding- road 
(keep to the leftj, continued after '/4 br. by a steeper f(.ot[)atli to the ri^ht 
(yellow wayniarks) ascends to the (1 br.) top of the *Rosshiihl (.S145'); 
dcNcent thence to Grub in '/* br., see p. 77. 

To THE Maktinstoiiei, ani» M<) ttki.i.sciii.oss and back, 3 hours. By the 
St. ({alien railway to .S7. Fid^n, see above. Below tin; station we take the 
road to Wnidorf .brewery on the left), descend the lii^^broad, and diverge 
to the ri^bt by the Hejrb-n road into the Martinstobel, the ^orge of the 
Goldach, spanned by an iron bridge 100' lii^b. llrre, at tlie bej^inniny of the 
10th c<rnt., the monk Notker composed his ^Mrdia vita in morte sinniis\ 
upon seeing? a man accider tally killed. Beyond the bridj^e we ascend the 
road to the left, passing the debris of a landslip which took i)lac(; in 184.5, 
to VntereyytJi (2080'; Schatle), and thence descend the Uoldach road until 


to Lindau. LINDAU. Map, p. 78. ~ I. B. 16. 71 

we join another road leading through a grassy dale past a large pond to 
the right to the Mottelischloss. This was formerly the seat of the Barons 
of Sulzberg, from whom it was purchased by the wealthy Motteli family 
of St. Gallen, and after various vicissitudes it has now fallen into disrepair. 
*View from the platform (gratuity), one of the finest near the lake. 
Pleasant walk back to Rorschach through the Witholz (1/2 hr.). — To Tiibach, 
amid fruit-trees, and the (1 hr.j Ruheherg (1460'; restaurant), or to the 
(I1/4 hr.) Glinzburg near Steinach (restaurant), both with beautiful views 
(from Mdrschvjil in 40-45 min., see p. 70). — By the 'Obere Weg', with fine 
views, to (1 hr.) "Wylen (good inn), near the Duke of Parma's chateau of 
Wartegg, with its beautiful park. — By Staad (p. 83) to (IV4 hr.) Schioss 
Weinburg, a summer-seat of the Prince of Hohenzollern (visitors admitted 
to the fine park) ; splendid view from the Steinerne Tisch, above the park 
(return via Thai and Rheineck, p. 83). — To Walzenhmisen (Gebhardshohe 
and Meldegg), see p. 83. 

Railway to Coire, see p. 83; to Heiden, see p. 76. 

To Lindau by steamer (1 hr. ; B. 2^/2 tx^), comp. p. 38. To the 

8.E. is Bregenz, at the foot of tlie Pfander; in the background, the 

Rhastikon chain; to the S., the Appenzell Mts. and the Sentis. 

Liindau. — Hotels. *Bayrischkr Hof (PI. a), near the lake and 
the station, 145 beds, R. 3-6, B. 1.30, D. 31/2, pens. 8-12 cJ. — *H6tel 
Reutemaxn (PI. b), 70 beds at 2-4, pens. 6-7 tM; *Lindauer Hof (PL c), 
65 beds at iVg-S Ji, both on the lake; Krone (PI. d), R. 2-21/2, D. 21/9, 
pens. 4-5 Ji', Helvetia (PI. e), 130 beds at IV2-2V2 '^1 very fair; Sonne 
(PI. f), in the Reichs-Platz, well spoken of; H6t. Peterhof, R. 11/2-21/2^- 
- Kestaurants. Seegarten, next door to the Bayrische Hof (also rooms) ; 
Schiltzengarten, on the old bastion, near the Roman tower, with view; 
Joh. Frey (wine ; tastefully fitted up) ; Rupflin (wine); Rail. Restaurant. — ^ 
[Mke Baths on the N.W. side of the town, in the inner arm of the lake, 
and at the Military Baths on the other side. 

Lindau (pop. 6500; comp. the inset Plan on Map, p. 38), the 
terminus of the Bavarian S.W. Railway (express to Munich in 4hrs.), 
once an imperial town (1275-1803), lies on an island in the Lake 
of Constance, connected with the mainland by a railway-embank- 
ment and by a wooden bridge, 356 yds. long. On the quay is a 
monument to King Max II. (d. 1864), in bronze, designed by Hal- 
big ('1856). At the end of the E. pier, on a granite pedestal 33' 
high, is placed an imposing lion in marble, 20' in height, also by 
Ifalbig; opposite, on the W. pier, is a light-house. The harbour 
is adjoined to the E. by the Homerschanze , which commands a 
view of the Alps from the Pfander to the Kaien (mountain-indi- 
vdiov). In the Reichs-Platz are the Toivn Hally erected in 
1422-36 and restored in 1885-87, with painted fagades and a col- 
l(;ction of antiquities (open 9-12 and 3-5; adm. 30 pf.), and the 
handsome Reichs- BrimJica^ with a bronze figure of 'Lindaiiia', 
erected in 1884. N(!ar the Land-Tor ^ at the end of the woodiMi 
bridge, arc a fragment of a Roman Wait and a War Mimimwnt 
tor 1870-71. 

KxcLKSJONs. PieuHanl walk on the N. hank of the lake; towards tlic 
W. (cross the railway-f^mharikincnt and turn to the left), nasHiiifj^ the 
villas of Nahrr, Ijotzhec.k (jfretty park), (,'irhdharh, I'ingg (*FnscoeH liy 
Naur), and otheiH, to (2V4 M.) Bud Schachen (* //o<.-7V/m., with Kanlcii 
on the lake, pens. .0 (IVa fi'.), with Hnl|>hur spririKH fKteainhoat-Htation), 
and the (74 M.) ViDa Lindenhof, with its beautiful f,'roundH and hot- 

72 t li. 17. HKKISAIT. From JiovmnHhom 

houHCH (adin. on Friil. Jf-T p.m. ^'lutis; at othor times 1 ck, for a charitable 
object). About '/« ^*- farther on is \]\r ('hat»^au of Alninrf.- neautiful 
view from the (Vi hr.) vine-clad *Hoierberg (14Sm;'; lirtifanrant), which 
is reached bv a path skirting' the railway hiuI passing the village of Ifoiren, 
or to the left viu Srhachni ^Zum Sclil5ssle) and Etrjim-ciler (Schmid'a 
R«'8taurant). To linf/tn::, see p. 511. - For the Hailtrni/ to Frit'dri('hf<- 
hitfm (16 M., in l'«/4 hr.), viii Waitserburif, Nonnenhorit, and Jjuufrn- 
iiriirn, see lined fkcr'n Southern iiermnny. 

17. From Romansliorn to St. Gallen, 
Wattwil, and Rapperswil. 

49»/ii M. Bodensee-Togpenburg and Swiss Federal Railway iu 2«/a-:^ hrs. 
(10 fr. 45, 7 fr. 35, 5 fr. 25 c). 

Hnmnnshrrn MHIS'), see p. 48. The railway skirts the Lake 
of Constance for a short time and near Egnach (p. 43) diverges 
to the rijrht from the Korsehaeh line to (2^2 M.) stat. Nen- 
kirrh'Ktjnarh (i;i()()'; l)iif!'et). The Canton Tluirgaii, which we 
traverse, abniinds in fruit, lieyond a long cutting we reacli i'^'^j^ M.) 
Steinebrmin ^1380') and, steadily ascending along the hillside, 
pass the stations of (;'> M.) Mnolm {X^^HiY) and (674 M.) Jfagya^s- 
mil fUinf)': to the right lies the prosperous village). From the 
<H M.) .statiim of Notff/fril- Bn'g (184(i') we obtain a spl(>ndid 
survey of the Lake of (.'onstancc as far as Bregenz and of the 
mountains surrounding its N. and K. hanks. The line now turns to 
the right to (10 M.) Wittrnback (1970'), near the thriving village 
of Kn>nhiih/Ahrpii(\s the Br/u/rpva/d Tnnnrl (189.3 yds. in length), 
and enters the wild ravine (d" tlie Sfeinack (p. 70), which it crosses 
by a lofty embankment. It then joins the St. Gallen and Rorschacii 
line, and beyond a tunnel and viaduct reaches (I272 M.) St. Fidnt 
(2100'), whence it passes through the RoHPiiherci Tunnel (p. 70) to — 

133/^ M. St. Gallen '220:)'; see p. 08)! After leaving the 
station, our line runs to the N. alono; the Wintertluir lailwav, 
crosses it to the left, and skirts the hillside (pretty views) to 
^^^^^'.^ .M.) ffar/tjpn- Brftf/ijrn (2230'). Immediately beyond the 
station we traverse the imposing '^Sitter Vunluci, whicli spans 
the deep ravine of the Sitter above the electric power-house of 
Knbel. The viadnet, which is 4L') yds. long and 320' higli, has 
12 arehes. tht- central s|)an being 130 yds. Ili'autiful view of the 
vallevs of the Sitter and rrniisch and of the hilly region of A|(pen- 
zell and St. Gallen (in the background the Sentis). 

Hevond the via«hict we thiead the Sturzenegg Tunnel (270yds.), 
skirt the charming (rifhsrfnr^'ihrry and pass over the WalkrJohel 
Viadnrl (to the right, below, is the Appenzell railway, p. 07) and 
through several short tunnels to (IS'/.^^-) Herlsau (2455'; rail. 
restaurant and post-olllce;, the junction of the Appenzell line, V'i^^- 
to the N. of the town ''p. 07 1. The railway threads a tunnel and 
traverses the imp(»sing (r Initial Viaduct^ 328 yds. long and 98' 

to Rappersicil. 


/. R. n. 


high; fine view to the left of the Sentis chain and the large 
village of Herisau. 

The line proceeds, steadily ascending, along the hillside, 
commanding pretty views to the right of the whole valley from 
St. Gallen to Wil and of the plain of Thurgau. Beyond (21 M.) 
Sehachen (2598'), with important quarries, the scenery becomes 
wilder and more picturesque. After crossing the deep and wooded 

o;oro:e of the Kirchtohel we traverse the Weissenbach Viaduct 

(317 yds. long and 213' high) and thread the Bilhlherg Tunnel 
(410 yds.) to (231/2 M.) Degersheim (2627'; Rose), a prosperous 
village with 3500 inhab. and important embroideries, the culminat- 
ing point of the railway. 

The line now descends the lovely valley of the Aach, skirting 
the hillside to the left and passing over viaducts and embankments 
and through several small tunnels, to (26^2 ^0 stat. Mogelsherg 
(2355'). Skirting the hill on which the village lies, we traverse 
the wild gorge of the Russen-Tohel by a lofty embankment, and 
beyond several tunnels and a deep cutting suddenly emerge high 
up on the sunny hillside of the Necker-Tal. Beautiful view of 
the smiling valley, with the river far below. 

The line now gradually descends along the hillside, passing 
over several viaducts, and finally crosses the Necker to (29 M.) 
the station of Brannadern-Neckertal (2158'), near the prosperous 
village ()f Briinnadern (Anker), the starting-point of the road to 
St. Peterzell, Hemberg, etc. (p. 74). Bending to the right the line 
then enters the Wasserfluh Tunnel (3890 yds. in length), which 
passes under the Wasserfluh Pass and the ruin of Toggenburg, and 
emerges in tlie valley of the Thur, below the high-lying church of 
Lichtensteig. The Thur is then crossed by a stone viaduct of 141' 
span to (317., M.) Lichtensteig (2130'; p. 74). To the S., at 
th(* head of tlie valley, appear the Curiirsten; opposite is the pictur- 
esque little town of Lichtensteig (2027'). Beyond the station we join 
the Toggenburg line ('p. 74) and ascend tlie left bank of the Thur to 
(337, M.; Wattwil (2020'; p. 74), the terminus of the Bodcnsee- 
'i'oggenburg Railway (travellers to Ebnat change cai-riages). 

The Swiss Federal Railway follows the Ebnat line for a short 
distance and then enters to the right the Ricken Tunnel, 9408 yds. 
in length, f)iiilt in 1904-10 by a French company, in which the 
line descends more than 330' (the passage takes downwaids 10-11, 
upwai'ds 14-17 inin.;. p]nierging from the tunnel, the line ci-osses 
tlu' Kalibrunn torrent by a viaduct, whiire suddenly to the left ;i 
niagnilicent view of the (ilarus Alps and the valley ol' the Linth is 
disclosed; in the foreground is (397> M.) the village of Kalt- 
hnmn (1312'; statiofi). The line now^leseends nipidly (20 : 1 0(h 
into the valley of the Linth, to (iV-^^ M.) IJtznarh (p. ♦i.'')) and 
(497.^ M.) Hajjpersvnl (p. 03). 


18. From Wil through the Toggenburg to 
Buchs in the Rhine Valley. 

Uaii.way to t:hmit-K(ij>j»l, 16«/, M., in 1 hr. (2ih1 cJ. 1 fr. 86, .'ird ci. 1 fr. 
30 c). — From Ehnat to liucha, 2:5 M., dili^^ence twice daily in 6Vi lirs. (5 f r. 
70 c., coupt- 7 fr. »'.0c.). Carr. witli one horso from Ebnat-Kappcl to VVildhaus 
14-1«*.. with two horsfH ;U), to (iams 20-22 :ind 40, to Buclis 25-28 and :>() Fr. 

Wit (1880'), on the Winterthur and St. Gallen line, ace p. 67. 
TIh' train traverses the T(Hi<jenbnr<j, the busy and popnloiis valley 
of the Thur. 

The ancient county of Toggenburg was purchased in 14e.9 l)y the 
Ahhot8 of St. Uallen. The people havinj^ afterwards embraced Pro- 
testantism, they werii persecuted by the al)l)ots. This gave rise early in 
the IHtb I'ent. to the Toijiicnhurif War ^ in which the Roman Catholic 
cantoiiH espoused tie cause of St. Gallen, while the Protestants took tin* 
part of the Togj;en burgers. In 1712 the Catholics were defeated at Vill- 
merjcen in the x\arj;HU , and a general peace secured to the Toggen burgers 
full enjoyment of their ancient liberties. 

47j ^J- B/izcnheid ; diligence thrice daily in 40 niin. to the 
health-resort of Kirrhbt^iy (2427'; Adler; Tell). Opposite (6 M.) 
IjUtisbni'if we cross the (iuqqerloch by a viaduct 170 vds. lono; and 
190' high. 8 M. Biitsrhirii; ^^j^ M. Dietfurt. 

107j "^1 Lichtensteig (2027'; pop. 1500; Kiirlums Iiose/i- 

(jarteii, May ir>th-Sept. 30th, 22 beds at 1V2-^? pens. ^V-i"" ^'■•; 

Knniv; I{iisnli, pens. 3^/2-472 l^'-i Kreaz; Lbv)e; Pens. Dahnntj 

4*/.i fr.), a little town picturesquely situated on a rocky height, 

frequenti'd as a health-resort (wood- walks;. In the old court-house 

is a historical collection (ad?n. 80 c. ). — Bodensee-Toijo:enl)ur<i: 

Railway, 8ce p. 73. 

KxcuKMioNH. The hill of 6'7-w6^// (2920'; inn), ^Vi I'l'- to the S.W., coni- 
maudn a fine view. At its W. foot, 1 hr. from Lichtensteig (carriage-road), 
lies the health-rehort «>f Kriwni (2e.26'; llossli; L6we, pens. ^72^^.), whence 
the ascent of the l\r» uztfiii (4;{20'; sjtlendid view) may be easily made in 
2 hr8. — On the E. side of the valley easy and well-sliaded paths lead t() 
the (1 hr.) *Kf'>hflinht rif (:i7»".r,'; iun) and the (1 hr.) ruin of Nen-Tofjijen- 
hura (36»'»6'), both commanding {licturesque views. — About 3 M. to the N. 
of LiclitenHt«-ig diligence daily in 1 hr.) is the health-resort of Oher- 
hflfe/iMiril (27sm'; Zur Hrauerei, Pens. Ilohg, at both pens. 4 fr.). — A road 
runs fn.m Lichtensteig to the E. via \Vaiii«^'/inh to (.'I'/g M.) Brvnnadern^ 
in the pleasant S' ckrrTdl (railway through the WjisserHuh Tunnel in 
♦; niin., p. 7."/, and to hi/, M.) .S7. I'f'f<rzt^/l (2:5i;{'), and finally ascends to 
the left viii the Svhinifnhiihl {•zl'S.',') to SchonctK/nuul and (127a ^0 
WiilflMtiiit (p. ♦;8). — About 3 M. ai)Ove St. Peterzell lies llenil,er{f (3182'; 
LOwe; Krone), a high-lying health-resort, whence we may make the 
pleaHant ascentn of \\\i* ' Wilk'ct-Hr,he (:i88()'; 27, hrs.), the Sitz (360«;'; 
2 hrn. ; inn in Hununer;, and the llnchalp (5028'; 3 hrs. ; inn in summer), 
all with lovely viewH. 

12^L M. Wattwil i2020'; pop. 4<>71; llossli, K. 1 '/'>-^, P«'"». 
.'» fr. ; Tof^gt^nhi/rf/; Scli'ifli, [)ens. 372 fr- ; Sonne, pens. 4 Jr. ; Pens, 
Risi, well situated, pens, 1 f r. ; Pr/ts. Sef/fisb/ifk)^ a prosperous 
village, the terniiuus of tin- Uudensee-Toggenburg line and starting- 
point of the Kicken railway (p. 73;. To the right is the nunnery 

WILDHAUS. ^J^aps, vp- 76, 80.- 1. R. 18. 75 

of St. Maria der Engeln, and opposite, to the S., is the old castle 
(restored) of Iherg. 

The last station is (ISVa M.) Ebnat-Kappel (2073'; Hotel 
Bahnhof, E. l^J2-^i B. 1, pens. 5 fr. ; Hot. Central)^ for the thriving 
villages of Ehnat (Krone, pens. 5-7 fr., good; Ochs; Post) with 
2657 inhab., and Kappel (Traube), with 2187 inhabitants. An 
attractive view is obtained from the Rosenhulil Bestaurant. 

Excursions. The Tanzboden (4743') may be ascended from Ebnat in 
2V2 hrs., via the (1 hr.) Inn 'Zur Frohen Aussicht' (easy and interesting). 

The *Speer (6415') is ascended through the Steintal in 5hrs. (rather 
trying near the top; guide 7 f r. , advisable, comp. p. 68); from Neu- 
St-Johann or Nesslau (see below), by the Jental, in 5 hrs. ; or from 
Stein, via the Alji im Lad and the Herren Alp, in 4V2 hrs. (guide). 

The KoAD (railway under construction) ascends on the right 
bank of the Thur via (18 M.) Krummenau (2385'), where the 
^Sprung\ a natural rock-bridge, crosses the stream, to (20 M.) 
Neu-St-Johann (2493'; Schafle), with an old abbey (now a school 
for boys and pension, 41/2-5 V2 fr.), and (2OV2 M.) Nesslau (2520'; 
Traube, R. 2-21/2, D. 21/2, pens, from 5 fr., good; Stern; Krone; 
Pens. Alpenhlick; Pens. Bellevue, 41/2-51/2 fr. ; Pens. Kuhn- Grob)^ 
a summer-resort, with 2137 inhab. and a prett}^ church. 

To Urnasch over the Kratzern Pass (47-2 hrs.), interesting, A road 
from Neu-St-Johann (from Nesslau also direct footpath to the Rietbad) 
ascends the Lutern-Tal, by Ennetbiihl and the Rietbad (3000'; R. 1V2"2, 
B. 1, D. 2, pens. SV/g-fi fr.), to the (IV2 br.) Alp Bernhalden (3402'). Then a 
bridle-path through the Krtttzernwald to the (-74 hr.) Kratzern Pass (4100') 
and the Krdtzerli Inn (3650'), whence a road leads past the Rossfall Alp (inn) 
to (IV2 hr.) TJrndsch (p. 68). — Ascent of the Sentis (p. 81) from Nesslau, 
• '.hrs.: from (IVa hr.) BernTwlden (see above) in ^/4 hr. to the Gemeinen- 
Wesen Alp (4210'); thence to the Thierwies Inn and (4 hrs.) the top (p. 82). 

The scenery becomes more interesting. The road leads past a 
fine fall of the ^Weisse Thur to (23 M.) Stein (2756'; Ochs; Pens. 
Forrer, 5 fr.) and (25 M.) Starkenbach (Drei Eidgenossen, pens. 41/2- 
5 fr.), a straggling village. To the right is the ruin oi Starkenstein. 
(Over the Amdener-Hohe to Weesen, 41/2-5 hrs., see p. 58; guide 
advisable.; Passing (261/2 M.) Alt-St-Johann (2930'; Schweizerhof, 
40 beds, pens, from 5 f r. ; lliitli, pens, from 4 fr.) and (28 M.) 
UntervHisser (2980'; *Hot.-Pens. Kurhaus Sentis, 100 beds at 2-3, 
H. 11/4, D. 2'/2, pens. 5 f r. ; Stern, pens. 472"^ fi'-, w<'^l spoken of), 
prettily situated at the junction of the sources of the Thur, wo 
ascend, past (281/2 M.) Lisif/haus (3464'; Wilhelm Tell Inn, pens. 
5 fr.;, where, to the right ol' the road, is the; woodcm house, blackened 
with ag(;, in whicli Zwingli (p. 50; was born in 1484, to — 

30 M. Wildhaus (3600'; *Hirseh, 60 beds at 172-2, li. 1, 
pens. 41/^-6 f r. ; Sonne, pens. 4-5 fr. ; Pens. Schihienboden, 5 fr., 
20 niin. to the N.K., on a small lake), a snraraer-resort (1097 inhab.), 
at the base of the Schafberg (7810';. JJeyond the village we 
obtain a good Hurv(;y of the seven ^'urlirstcMi (p. 5Hj. The (P/ij br.) 
Sftmmerifjkopf (4317') commands a fine view of the Kbiiie valley. 

7.; /. /.v /.'). -Mnj.. i,.sn. \ I'PKNZKLI-. 

UiiDts: tli'inruh Ftnuoi and Mololi. Wichser, of WildliaiiH ; Nic. 
Kuufinunn of Untorwasser. Ascent of tlu' Seutis from VVililhans or tintur- 
wasser vi:l the Flitu Alp and the Scfuifhitdtn (,0 hrs. ; red way-nuirks), see 
i>. Si. — To Wt'instnid by the A'/*<// Alp^ the Fiihlen-See, and Sii/iihtis-Srr 
(8 hr8.), see p. 82. — To WaUenntaiit over the Niedevc or the Falzloch 
(r»V^ hrs.), nee p. GO. --Vi^ the iS'cA^'v/u// ^l/;> and Iltiss Alp to the top ot 
the Uinterrut'k (T6«»r/) and thence over the Falzloch to the Kfiserntrl: 
(7434'), easy and repaying; i4 hrs., with ^uide). May;niticent views. 

Thr road descends past the ruin of Wilde ubiiry throiioh thr 
Simmi-T(fbvlj linally describing a long bend (short-cut for walkers 
to the right), to (337, ^•) ^^^" station of Zollhans and (3572 JVl.) 
(rams (loTT)'; Kreuz; Schafli), in the Kliine Valley. Wc then follow 
the road to the right, via Grabs and Werdetiber(/j to — 

38'^^ M. Burhs (station 7^ ^- f«i''tlier on; see p. 85). 

19. The Canton of Appenzell. 

The Canton of Appenzell is excelled in grandeur by many other 
parts of Switzerland, hut it includes within a Bmall space most of the 
characteristics of the country. It boasts of one of Switzerland's largest 
lakes, of great industrial j>rosperity, of the richest i)astnres, and even of 
lofty snow-uiountains. The tinest points are Ihlden, tSt. Anton, WUd- 
kirchli, FJ>rnfdp, the Ihdic Kasten , and the Srnf/is. This canton, which 
is entiri'ly surrounded by that of St. (iallcn , was divided after the i e- 
li^riourt wars of 1597 into two half-cantons, Ausser-Rhoden and Inner- 
Rhoden. Innkk- Rhodes (r>3 sq. M. in aiea, 1:5,500 inhab.) is almost 
exclusively Honian Catholic. It contains more pasture-land than Ausser- 
Rhodon, but it is famous also for the hand-embroidery, often disj)layiiig 
extraonlinary taste and skill, which is produced in almost every house. - 
ArHSK.R-Rn<»i)KS (I>«; sq. M., o6,:;0o inhab.) belongs to the Reformed Church; 
one- fourth of its j»oj»uiation is engaged in the cotton and silk manufacture, 
chieHy f«)r tirnis at St. (iallen. 

Kailwiiy from liortichach to lleiden in 40-50 min. (fares a fr., ] fr. 
95 c. ; return-tickets .'i fr. 5<>, 2 fr. ;]0 c); from Wiyda'iji (p. (')7) to Appenzell 
in I'/4-l'/i br. (2 fr. 40, 1 fr. 70 e. ; return-tickets a fr. HO, 2 fr. 75 c); from 
Sf '/ ". /* vi:i (hiiH to Aj^/enzfil in l'/4-l'/2 hr. (2 fr. 10, 1 fr. 75; return- 
t. fr. 40, 2 fr. 80 e.) ; from tSt. (Jidhut to Trof/cn via Sprtcher in 

=*/^ iii. (l fr., there and back 1 fr. e.o c). — Diligence from St. (Jalleii to 
lleiden twice daily in :i^l^ hrs.; from Her neck to lleiden twice daily in 
27«hr.H.; from llmU'n to Troi/en thrice daily in l^V^hr. ; from St. Cfallen 
Xo iieJu'tohti twice daily in 2'/4hrs.; from Speicher to Tcnfen thrict; daily 
ill •»/! hr.; from AUniiittcn to duiH twice daily in 2 hrs. (railway nndei 
construction". M<>T(»i: Omnimis from Rlieineck to Heiden tiv(! times daily 
in 7* br., vi;i Wolfhalden (see p. 77; DO c., dcscfwit in '/^ '"•' •><> ^O- 

Idn'srhfuh (1310'), see j). 70. The Railway to Hkidkn is on 
the rark-and-pinioii system nnaxirnuni {gradient 1 : 11). The train 
.starts from the harbour station ''p. 70;, sto])s at the onter station, 
whirr the toothed rail het^ins, and tiien aseends tlinnigh oreliards, 
alfording eharniin|^ glimpses of the lake. On th(; left, below, is the 
< liiiteau of Wtirfr(f(i 'p. 71), on the right, above, Wartensee. N(;ar 
2'/.^ M. Wienaffilen (2020'; Felsengrund Inn; are large quarries 
of fossiiiferous sandstone. About P/, AI. to the right of the station 
is the Pens. Landeijy (2450'; 4-5 fr.), with a charming view. 
We then skirt the deep Wiennrhler 7'nbel to d] M.) ISchv)endi 



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m<]IDEN. ^^fcqi, p. 78. I. R. 19. J'] 

(2217'; inn), beyond wliich we cross the gorge by a lofty viaduct 
and ascend over pastures and through wood. 

4^/3 M. Heiden. — Hotels. *H6t.-Pens. Freihof, May ist-Oet. 
31st, with grounds and hydropathic, 125 beds, R. 3-6, B. IV2, D. 4, S. 3, 
l)ens. 7-12 fr., and Schweizekhof (same proprietor), 60 beds, pens. 7-10 fr.; 
*Krone, 70 beds at 2V2-5, B. IV2, D- 31/2, S. 21/2, pens. 7-10 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. 
MosER zuM SoNNENHUGEL, with garden, 50 beds, R. 2-3, B. IV4, D. 3, S. 2, 
pens. 6-7 fr.; Hot. -Pens. Lixde, R. 2V2-3V2) pens. Q^j^-'i fr. ; Hot. -Pens. 
Gtletscherhugel, pens. 5V2-6V2 f^- 5 Lowe, pens. 5 fr. ; Pens. Weiss, near 
the station, pens. 6-7 fr. ; *Pens. Nord, 4V2-5V2 fi'- '■> Hot. -Pension Parai>ies, 
opposite the station, with grounds, pens. 5-7 fr. ; Hot. -Pens. Sohafle, pens. 

the S.E., well-spoken of, pens. 4V2-5 fr. Lodgings easily obtained. — Kur- 
HAUS Wartheim, pens. 5-7 fr. — Baths at the Neubad, near the Kurhalle 
(pens. 5-6 fr.). Visitors^ Tax 30 c. per day. — English Church Service 
in summer. 

Heiden (2657'), a thriving village with 3800 inhab., lies amidst 
sunny meadows, and is a favourite health-resort. At the upper end 
is the tasteful Kurhalle {Casino; restaurant), with shady grounds 
(band daily). x4.djacent is the small GletscherliUgel^ an artificial 
hill composed of erratic blocks and planted with alpine plants. The 
grounds of the Freihof (see above) afford fine views of the Lake 
of Constance. 

Excursions. About 1 M. to the N.W., in the valley of the Matton- 
bach, below the Grub road (see below), is the Wald-Park^ with shady 
promenades and charming view-points (Dreilanderblick, Grafeplatz, Wald- 
andacht, etc.). 

A road affording picturesque views leads from Heiden to the N.E. to 
(41/2 M.) Rheineck (p. 83; motor-omnibus) via (IV2 M.) ATVolfhalden (2350'; 
Adler, pens. 41/2 fi'- ; Pens. Friedberg, 31/2-4 f r. ; Krone: Pens. Blatter 
zum TAndenberg, 4-41/2 fi'O? ^ health-resort. — About V4 ^. to the S. of 
Heiden a path (yellow marks) diverging to the left from the Oberegg 
road (see below) leads via Blatten (2834') to the (IV2 br.) * Gebhardshohe 
(2910'; see p. 83), whence we may return (white marks, see p. 83) via Walzen- 
liausen (p. 83) and Bilhli, or via Lachen and the small baths of Schmieii- 
bilhl (248.3'; ]jeiis. 4 fr.) to Wolfhalden (from Schonenbtlhl to Heiden a 
direct path via Biinziger in 40 min.). 

The road to (71/2 M.) St. Gallen (p. 68; diligence twice daily in 2V4hrs.) 
leads to the W. via (I'/a M.) Grub (2677'; Ochs ; Loive, Helvetia, pens. 
3-4 fr. ; Pens. Mohl-Landegg, in an open situation, pens. 4-5 fr.), another 
health-resort, Eggersriet, and tha Martinstobel (p. 70). — From Grub, di- 
verging 1 min. neyond the church to the right and at St. Gallisch-Grub 
to the left from the Rorschach road, we may ascend (20 min.; 3/4 hr. from 
Heiden) the *Ros8buh.l (3145'; Hot. FUnfldnderblick ; Pens, znni Ross- 
h/ihel, 4V2-5'/a ^r.), the long ridge of the Rorschacher Berg ({). 70), com- 
manding an admirable survey of the Lake of ('onstance. 

To the S.E. a road leads from Heiden via (V4 hr.) Oberegg (2900'; 
WAt, j)enH. 4V2-5Vafr., good; Linde) to {■^U hr.) St. Anton (3640'; A/pnihof, 
pens, from 4Vvj f r. ; Riisdi), a health-reHort, with tin; Chapr/ofSt. A)ifJn)itg 
Hiid a fanionH view of the Lake of ConHiancc!, the Illiiiu; Valley , and the 
Vorarlherg and Appenzell Mts. Pedestrians (IV4 hr.) diverge to the right 
from the road at the Hot. Helvetia or. 5 min. farther on and ascciud (blue 
marks) by the ninchofnberg (3095') and Riifrgg (inn). From the chapel 
to AltHtatten (!». Kl) l"/.^ hi'.; to /xindntark aiid the to]> of fix- GUbrU 
()). 78) 2 hrs. 

78 f ftnntr If). TK()(tP"N. Oanfo)i of 

The ♦Kaien (3r,90'J, Vl^ lir. to tlie S.W. of Heidon, is also frequently 
ascended (r»'d way-marks; u'liido unnecessary). A path diverging' to the 
ri;;ht near the Hotel Moser ascends via Ham nhiihl and Bcnzfttriiti to the 
Vordert! Kaien: or we may follow the Troj^en road for V4 ^1- J^'^d then 
diven^e to the right, viil lirunnt n and ASfdnii (l)elvedere). A i>ath marked 
by red arrows leads from the Vordere to the Hinttuo Kaien and to the 
(Va hr.) Gupf {3b4b'; Inn, pens. 4'/a fr.), with a splendid survey of the Can- 
ton of Appenzell and its mountains, the Lake of Constance, etc. — Descent 
from the (tupf to (V4 hr.) Reh»tolnl (aiU)'; Ilirsch, very fair), a villaj^c 
heyond which the road to (1 hr.) Tro^en is visihlc in tiie wooded ravine 
far below. I)ilij<enco to St. CJ alien, see p. 70. 

The (tAHKis (see below) may he ascended from Heiden direct (avoidinji 
Trogen): to .Si. Anton (n. 77) i'/a hr. ; then aloufj; the rid^e, with a charm- 
ing \iew of the Rhine Valley and the Sentis, to the Lnnrfmark (82i">5'; 
Schiitle), on the road from Altstiitten to Trogen (see below), and by the 
Saitrticki'n to the summit of the (iahrisy a beautiful walk of 2 hrs. A])out 
8 min. below the t^ummit the St. Anton route is joined by that from 
Trogen (finger-post). 

The road to Trogen (diligence see p. 76) ascends the E. slope of 
the Kaie,! (See above) to the (2 M.) Langenegy (3185'; inn); then 
up and down hill, past Relief obel (lying beyond the ravine of th(^ 
Goldach on the right; see above) and (3^4 M.) Wald (3150'; 
SrhdfHy Krn/iey Harmonie, pens, at each 3-4 fr.), to — 

6V, M. Trogen i2975'; pop. 2496; Krone, R. 2-2'/2, B. 1, 
pens. 4*/a-5 fr. ; S'hafli; Hlrsrh; Rossli; Lowe), a summer-resort, 
pleasantly situated. 

Road over the Landmark to (7 M.) Altsttitten, see y. 84. — P'kom 
St. Gam. en to Tkooen (SVg M.), electric tramway via Speicher in •V4 hr. 
(p. 76). The line ascends past the nunnery of Nfkkcraeijq and the (2 M.) 
Srhiiarz*' lUirt^n to the (S'/jM.) *Vogelinsegg (."145'; Hot., pens. G'/y-S fr. ; 
Krone , which commands a fine view of the Lake of Constance, the rich 
and jiopuloiis pasture- lands of Speicher and Trogen, and the VorarlI)erg 
anil Appenzfll Mts. A j)oint in front of the hotel commands a s])ecially fine 

firogpect of the Sentis, (From Vogelinsegg to FrSlichsegg see p. 70.) 
)eHccnt to (4VaM.) Speicher (:W70'; *L()we, pens. S-tJ fr. ; Krone; Schiitzen- 
Garten), and across the Siujli- Bri' to (5Va M.) Trogen. — From Speicher 
to (3 M.) Tenftn diligence; twice daily in 40 min. («i6 e.). Steam-tramway 
from St. Gallen to (jais via Teufeu, see {). 82. 

From the church at Trogen (linger -post) a road leads via 
^3V2 M.) Bdhhr (p. 83) to (P/^ M.) GaiH, but the path over the 
*Qabri8 '4110') is \/t hr. shorter and far more attractive. 

The trav»-l!cr coming from the Kaien follows the Trogen and Btlhler 
road to the ('/« hr.) hamlet of Weinnegf/ (3480'; view of the Sentis); a finger- 
post her^ indieateH the path to the left to Gais over the Gabris. Those 
who coine from Vttgelinsegg should not go on to Trogen, but quit the high- 
road bevond tf; ■ "^"'^fi.firurke (see above) and ascend to the right. After 
V4 hr. (from S this path reaches the road from Trogen to Btlhler 

about 200 yds. siimi of the finger-post. At the latter we take the path to 
the loft; b'-yond the tavern we proceed straight on by a good foot])ath 
f^not to the rights, then ascenc! for a few min. ny a bad path, and finally 
strike a path, which slowly ascends to the {^j^ hr.) summit (4110'; inn), 
whence a delightful prospect is enjoyed. Hence to Gais a descent of Va hour. 

Gais '3064'; pop. 2900; Krone^ with j^arden, 55 beds at 272-3, 
pens. 5-5'/.^ fr., good; FaUcey pens. 4-5 fr. ; Rothach, p. 472-'^ ^''-i 
plain but good ; Hirsrhj Adler^ plain ; Ptnsions Dachmanriy Meyer y 

shorn ^imm^w^— ^^^^^^^ 


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Ajppenzell. WEISSBAD. I- Route 19. 79 

31/2 -4^2 fi'-). Ill ^te midst of green meadows, formerly much 
frequented as a whey-resort. 

Steam-tramway to St. Gallen, see p. 82. — Fine view from the Som- 
mersbe7'g (3865'), 3/4 hr. to the N.E. — The Road from G-ais to Altstatten 
(6 M. ; diligence see p. 76 ; electric line under construction) is level for the 
first IV2 M., and then descends uninterruptedly from the point where it 
diverges from the old road and winds round the mountain. The old road, 
preferable for pedestrians, leads to the left via the (10 min.) *Stoss (3130'; 
inn), a chapel on the pass, with a celebrated view of the Rhine Valley, 
the Vorarlberg, and the G-risons. Here, on 17th June, 1405, 400 Appen- 
zellers under Rudolf von Werdenberg signally defeated 3000 troops of the 
Archduke Frederick and the Abbot of St. G-allen. The shorter old road 
crosses the new immediately below the Stoss , and descends direct, partly 
through wood, to Altstatten (p. 84). 

Steam-tramway from Grais to Appenzell (3^4 M., in 20 min.), 
see p. 82. A shorter footpath to the Weissbad (1^/2 hr.; not to be 
missed) leads via the Guggerloch (3084') and past the SSchlossle' 

Appenzell (2595'; pop. 5126; i?ec/i^,R. 21/2-31/2, I>.2V2,pens. 
6-8 fr., Lowe, pens. 51/2-? fr., both good; Hirsch ; Sentis ; Hofer- 
hadj pens. 31/2-5 fr. ; Krone) is the capital of Canton Inner-Rhoden, 
where, on the 'Landsgemeinde-Platz', all burghers entitled to vote 
meet on the last Sunday in April to elect their authorities and to 
enact laws. The Maw\tius-Kirche (1826), with an ancient tower 
and modern stained glass, the Rathaus, the antiquities in the 
Schloss (adm. 50 c), and the Relief of the Sentis in the grounds 
near the station, are worthy of note. The pleasant Sitter Prome- 
nride leads on the right bank, passing below the railway bridge, 
in 1/4 hr. to the Sitter bridge of the Weissbad road (see below). 
Interesting festival (Swiss costumes) at the beginning of August. 
Information Office, Weissbad-Str. 

Railway to Urndsch and Winkeln, see p. 68. — An omnibus meets 
all the trains at Appenzell and runs to the Weissbad (70 c.) and Wasser- 
aucn (1 f r. ; ascent of the Sentis, see p. 81). One-horse carriage to Weiss- 
bad 3, two-horse 6 fr. ; footpath from the rail, station in 40 min. ; path 
on the right bank of the Sitter, see above. 

A road leads from Appenzell (diligence thrice daily in 25 min., 
45 c.) to the S.E., crossing the Sitter and passing the hamlet of 
Steinefjg (Hot. -Pens. Steinegg, pens. 41/2-51/2 fr., good; Pens. 
Locher; Pens. Schlossli), to the (2M.) Weissbad (2690'), a fa- 
vourite summer-resort {^Kurhaus, 100 beds, K. 21/2-5, B. I1/4, D. 
31/2, S. 21/2, pens. 71/2-IO fr. ; *Hdt.'Pens. Belvedere, in an open 
situation, pens. 5-8 fr.; Wenssbadhrilcke and Gemsli Inns, botli 
unpretending), pleasantly situated at the base of the Appenzell 
Mts., and a good centre for excursions. 

Excursions (guides, Ulrich , Job. Josef, and Job. Ba])tiHt nUchler, 
Jos. Ant. Huber, Jak. Koch, Jakob and Job. Baptist Kost(;r, and Zcllcr 
son. and jnn.). 

From the Weissbad to the Wildkihchli (1'74hr. ; nunuTouH 
fingfT-posts; guido^ 5 fr., urin^'cessary) vv»' rithrr follow \hr. new 
road on the riplii hank of the Weissbaeh valley and C20 min.) 

80 T Honte 19. KliKXAl.l'. CUntoiiof 

ilivtTgin*^ to the left ascend to the (Sf) min.) Ruhsitz (see below); or, 
(livorgiiij^ from the road to Hriilisau (see below) before the bridge, 
we ascend to the right; 8 min. a hirge house, whence a good i)ath 
leads straight on to the (3') min.) liulisitz Inn on the Eutjsf (3530') 
and to (20 min.) the \V. slope of the Btnniiien Alp. Wo next ascend 
through wood to tlie right, and in 10 min. reach a way-post showing 
tiie direct path to the Kbenalp (to tlie right; see belowj. The route 
to the Wildkirehli turns to the left and approaches the foot of the 
precipices which descend from the Ebenalp to the Seealp-Tal (see 
below). Near the (20 min.) Aesche)' Inn (4790'; K. Vl.^-2, pens. 
o-(i f r. ; *View and excellent echo) we ascend to the right by a 
narrow but safe path, passing a memorial-tablet to Schcffel {\).i^^] 
comp. his novel 'Ekkehard'), to the (2 min.) *Wildkirehli (4845'), 
once a hermitage, with a chapel of St. Mi(;hael, situated in a grotto 
i33' wide; inm, commanding a view of the de<'p 8eealp-Tal, and, to 
th«' left, of the Lake of Constance. 

A cavern, 150 paces long, closed by a door (opened by the land- 
lonl, who provides a light, ^g^^^-)? leads from the grotto to the 
•^Ebenalp; the (25 min.) summit (5390'; plain inn, 7 beds) com- 
mands a superb view. We may descend direct to the (25 min.) 
saddle to the X. of the Bommen Alp (see above; guide-post). 

Pleasant walk from the Weissbad viX Schwende and (50 min.) \Va}i.ser- 
auen (p. 81), crossing the Schweudebach (4 min.) at the AipenroHc fun, 
and ascending a pretty wooded ravine, past the Appenzell electricity 
works, and the overhanging rocks of the Kobel , to the (3/4 hr.) Seealp- 
See (37.15'; Inn^ pens. 5 fr. ; row on the lake 20-80 c), pictiiresqutdy 
situated in a basin between the Marwiefi and Schafler («)810'). From the 
Kohcl (sec al)ove) a steep path ascends to the Aetscher in iVa hr. From 
the Seealp-Sce to the Meglis Alp and to the Sentis, sec p. 81.— To the 
Leuen Fall (3185'),, also interesting; the path ascends the right 
slope of the W'fisshach-Tal (way-post to the S. of the Weissbad), the 
last part through i)eautiful wood. On the way two small inns are 
passed, r»*sp«;ctiv»'ly V4 and I1/4 hr. from the Weissl)ad. On the N. slope 
of the Wcissbach-Tal a good j)ath leads to the (IV2 ^^0 So?ine7i ALj) 
(3123')» with a chapel, affording a pretty glimpse of the Scntis chain. In 
the valley bolow, 10 min. from the Weissbad, is the 'Welt Ende' ('world's 
rnd'), with a bathing-caliin (pleasant water). 

The Fahnern (41«)5'), 2V9hrs. to the K. of the Weissbad, is an easy and 
interesting ascent (guide 5 fr., unnecessary); beautiful view of tlie Lake 
of Constance, the Rhino Valley, and the Sentis group. The *Hohe 
Kasten (5900'; aVa--^ hrs; guide, fr., witli descent into the Rhine valley 
1-' fr.. unnecessary; horse to the Ruhsitz 12 fr.) is easy and very inter- 
esting. From the Weissbad the route leads to the S.E., crossing the 
Brttlisau brook, and ascends to (*74 hr.) Bralisdu (3030'; Krone; Rossle). 
Passing the church we follow the path beyond the second house to th(i 
right, which ascends in the direction of the telegraph-wire to the (1 hr.) 
Rntutitz Inn (4495'), at the S.W. base of the Kamor (5740'). From the 
inn a st^ep i>ut good path a8c<;nds on the right to the saddle (5510') 
between the Kamor and the Hohe Kasten, and proceeds thence on the N.E. 
side to the (IV4 hr.) summit (Fun, R. 2'/i-3'/2 fr., very fair), affording a 
splendid view of the Sentis group, the Rhine Valley, stretching as far as 
the Lake of (Constance, and the Alps of the Vorarlberg and Grisons. We 
may descend by a red-marked path to (2 hrs.) stat. Sfuiiiiaid-Saletz (p. 84), 
in the valley of the Rhine. From the saddle between the Kamor and 
Hohe Kasten we skirt to the left the W. side of the latter and descend 

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Appenzell. SENTIS. L Route 19. g^ 

to the right by a steep and stoiij'^ zigzag path, traversing wood for the 
last hour. Another route (preferable) descends to the N.E. via JJnter- 
Kamor, Kamm, and Br^innenherg to (2 hrs. ; up 3V-2 hrs.) Ruthi (p. 84). 
— The Alpsiegel (5733'), B^/a brs., interesting (guide 5 fr.). The path 
diverges to the right from the path to the Sambtis-See (p. 82), about 
IV4 hr. above Brlilisau, and ascends via (1 hr.) the Alpsiegel Alp (5186') 
to (1/2 hr.) the summit. From the cross a precipitous path (wire-rope) 
leads down into the Scljwendebach-Tal to (1^/4 hr.) Schicende (see below).*- 
Tlie Hundstein (7082'), ascended from the (3 hrs.) Meglis Alp (see below) 
in 2 hrs., with guide (10 fr.), offers no difficulty to adepts. It commands 
a fine view of the Altmann, Sentis, the Fahlen-See, and the Sambtis- 
See, with the rugged mass of rocks known as the 'Freiheit' in the fore- 
ground. A <5teep path descends to the (IV2 hr.) Fahlen-See (p. 82; rfmts. 
at the chalet Sollenivies) and thence over rough ground past the Sambtis- 
See to (3 hrs.) Brulisau. — The Altmann (8000'), from Bollenwies 4 hrs. 
with guide (15, to the Sentis 20 fr.) is toilsome, and only practicable for 
good climbers. It is better ascended from the Meglis Alp, via the 
Lochli- Better in 3 hrs., or via the Botstein Pass (p. 82) in 3^ J 4 hrs., witli 
g-uide; from Wiidhaus (p. 75) also a path ascends on the S. side via 
the Tesel Alp and Krai Alp to the (41/2 hrs.) top. From the Altmann 
to the Sentis (3 hrs.), see p. 82. 

The snow-clad *Sontis (8215'), the highest mountain in the 
canton, is usually ascended from Appenzell via the "WeissbadjWasser- 
auen, and the Meglis Alp (7 hrs.; cable tramway projected) ; from Ur- 
nasch or Wiidhaus, see p. 82. Guide from Appenzell or the Weissbad 
10 fr., unnecessary for experts; carr. from Appenzell to Wasscrauen, 
see p. 79; from the Weissbad one-horse carr. 1 fr., omn. 70 c. — 
Beyond the Weissbad a road diverges to the right from the road to 
Brulisau beyond the (3 min.) bridge over the Brulisau brook (finger- 
post) and ascends on the right bank of the Schwendebach to (Y4hr.) 
the hamlet of Schwende (2790'; Hot. -Pens. Felsenburg, pens. 5- 
5^/2 fr. ; Pens. Alpenblick; Pens. Frohe Aussicht), a health-resort, 
and past the Escherstein to (^2 br.) Wasserauen (2867'; Hot. 
Wasserau ;.Alpenrose, pens. A^/^-^^/^ fr. ; to the Seealp-See, see p. 80). 
The ascent begins here (Katzensteig), on the right side of a ravine 
with its rushing brook; 40 min. the Hiltten Alp (3926'; milk); 
•^/4 hr. farther up, the small Schremien- Hilife (4786'). A good 
though narrow path now skirts the Sclirennertj the shelving pastures 
of the Marwies (below which are perpendicular rocks), affording 
beautiful glimpses of the Seealp-See far below and of the Sentis and 
its N.E. neighbours (Girenspitz, Oehrlikopf, Tiirine) as far as the 
Aescher, to the right. Then over the Sfockegg (5032') to the (3/4 hr.) 
Meglis ^Z/> (4985'; Inn, R. 372, pens. 6V2-772 fr., good), in a 
plcturr'S(|ue basin. — Shorter and equally int(!resting is the ascc^nt 
ironi the Se,ealj)-/See (\). 80) to the (I74 br.) Meglis Alp: we row 
across the lake to the E. bank (20 c), whence we ascend by a steep 
but well-kept path via the Untere Sfrich and the Teufeldocher ; 
10 min. short of the Meglis Alp we join the Schi'enuiiii paMi. - h'rom 
the .Meglis Alp to the summit (2-272 brs.) the path asctcnds in steep 
zigzags to the right, and then climbs th(! sloj)e of th(! Kuhnad to 
the 8.W. to the (1 hr.) Ifi/Uere WagerdUrke (6785'; shelter-hut), 

Bardkkek, Switzerland. 24t,li Edition. (), 

8*2 /. ^i'. //'. - }fiij>, p. so. SKNTIS. 

wluMice it crosses some snow to (P/j hr.) the Senfis Inn (8087'; 
ii.") hods at 3^/3-0 fr., mattress l*/j fr., often itowcUmI, eai-ly arrival 
advisable*. On the siinnnit of the Sentis, to which a patli |)roiect(Hl 
by a railing mounts in T) min. more, is a meteorological station. 
The **ViKW (see Ileim's Panorama) extends over N.E. and K. 
Switzerland, the Lake of Constance, Swabia and Bavaria, the 
Tyrolese Mts., the (Jrisons, and the Alps of Glarus and Hern. 

From the Seiitis to Wildhuus or Untericaaser (4V< lirs,; red wa\- 
marks; 1,'uide 10 fr., advisal)lo for novices). We proceed to the S.E. 
across Ihe l.iMenijnit (sec below) for '/t l>i'- and then descend to the ri^ht 
l»y a steep and stony path to the (I'/a hi'-) ^I'hafhoden (r)r)()0'; inn) an<l 
over the Flits Alp (41>:'.0') to the (=74 hr.) Thnruics (3985'). Thence we 
may proced to the left via the (Hampliit Alp (42(55') to (l'/2 hr.) Wildhaus, 
or to the right, via the Kuhf>od<n, to (2 hrs.) Uutericasser in the Toj^gen- 
hurj; (p. 75). - Yiom the Sentis to the AltniiUDi (p. 81) ])y the arete of the 
f.ifitfii/rat or Kdlhrrgniditi (wirc-ro])e) and the I'otMein Vans ((')9()6'), H hrs,, 
not d'.tTicult for experts and highly interijstinp: (ji;uide 20 fr.). 

Mountaineers may conihine a visit to the Wildkirclili (p, 80) v/itli the 
ascent of the Sentis (7-8 hrs.; guide necessary, 15 fr.) hy leaving the 
valley of the Seealp-See to the left. The path lead.s from the Aescher 
high ahove the Seealp-See, via the Weescn Alj) and the Gciasplattc, to 
the Altm Alp (5;{2()'), and continues past the Altcnalp-T Urine (0220-r»710'), 
viA. the Vordfn- Wdfiinliickc and the Oehrli-Sattel ((5910', whence the 
ascent of the Oehrli-Kopf, 722(5', with tine view, may l)e accomplished 
in '/i hr. hy experts, with guide), to the Il()ch}iiedcrcn-Sattel ((5935'; nu- 
merous fossils); hence across the Rosseqg and the Blmie Schnee (caution 
on account of the crevasses), past the base of the Gircnspitz (8040'), and 
over th<; N. arSte to tlie summit.- A path from the Seealp-See (p. 8(J) to 
theWagenlUcke (see above), where the main route is joined, leads via the 
rntttre Mmainer (528(/) and the F(M Alp (4 hrs. , with guide, 15 fr.). 
From Uknasch (p. (58; guides, Jak. Nabulon, Jak. Adler) to the Sentis, 
♦5 hrs. (L'tiidc 12 fr.). A bridle-path leads past the Krdfzerli Tyiv (3(550'; 
p. 75) in 2>/8 hrs. to the (icnwinm-WeHen Alp (4455'), whence the Sentis 
path mounts a steep rocky slope in zigzags to the first mountain-t(!rraC(!. 
It continues, over rock and pasture, to the I'lieshordkamiu and the (2 hrs.) 
Tiernnps Inn ((5835'). Thence we proceed up the ridge of the (jraukopf 
(7255') and over a long rocky slope, finally in zigzags to the arete betweini 
th»! (iirenspitz and the Sentis; hence to the right, by a flight of steps 
140 yds. long, protected })y a wire-rope, to the (l"/a hr.) suniniit. 

The usual route kkom the Wefssbad to Wildhai's (7V'i-8 hrs., guide 
20 fr.) leads by liruliaau (p. 80) and through the Brultobei to the Sdnibtifi- 
Sfe (39C).5'), jiasses the Fiihlen-See (4750'; chalet Bollenwies), the Fd/ile}i 
Alp, and Ilihhren Alp, and ascends to the Kraiali) Pass ((5(530'), between 
the Altmatni (p. 81) on the right, and the Kraialpftrst ((5990') on the 
left. We descend by the Krai Alp (5933') and the Tcacl Alp (4575') to 
W'ildhnuH. This route, however, is rough, and the Sentis route (not 
much longer) is j. referable. — To Sai.etz over the Saxcr Liicke (5415'), 
W. of the Furglentirst, (5 hrs., toilsome (guide 12 fr.), see p. 8'1. The 
roiit»' ;i.,r'i.ii(U \<> tin- Itfi l.f.ff.vf til'' FJlhlen-Seo. 

Kailway from Appenzell to Wi?ikdn, via Urn/isch and Herisau^ 
see J). i)7. — The Avvkszkia. Stkam Tramway via Gais and Tenfen 
to St. (lallen is preferable (12 M,. in 1'/.^ hr.; fares 2 fr. 10, 1 fr. 
75 e.). The tramway (rack-and-pinion at places) crosses the Pilfer 
by a large viaduct and leads via Ifirschht'nj and Samyyiclidatz to 

WALZENHAUSEN. Map, p. 7S. - 1. R. 20. 83 

(3^/2 M.) Gais, see p. 78. Thence it descends along the Rothach 
to (51/2 M.) the prettily situated village of Buhler (2735' ; Eossle), 
and beyond the Rose inn ascends to (8 M.) Teufen (2750' ; pop. 
4595; Hot.-Pens. Linde, pens. 4-5 fr. ; Ilecht, R. 1V2~2) pens. 
5V2-7 fr.), an industrial village, picturesquely situated, with a fine 
view of the Sentis chain. [About ^/2 hr. farther up is the Bad 
Sonder (3020'; 70 beds, pens. 672-7 fr.), frequented as a health- 
resort.] The tramway then skirts the W. slope of the Teuferegg^ 
through meadows and wood, passing the stations of Sternen. 
Nieder- Teufen, Lustmuhle, and Rieihdnsle, and descends in sliarp 
curves to (12 M.) St. Gallen (p. 68). 

20. Prom Rorschach to Coire. 

571/2 M. Railway in 2-31/4 hrs. (9 fr. 60, 6 fr. 75, 4 fr. 80 c. ; see 
p. xxxvi as to circular-tickets, etc.). 

Rorschach- Ha fen J see p. 70. — ^3 ^- Rorschach-Bahnhof. The 
train skirts the lake at first. To the right, the chateau of Wartegg 
(p. 71). — 272 M- tStaad (Anker; Schiff), a picturesque place with 
quarries of white sandstone and a new harbour. Heiden (p. 77) is 
seen on the hill to the right. Farther on is the chateau of Weinburg 
(p. 71), at the foot of the vine-clad Buchberg. The line traverses 
a fertile delta, formed by the deposits of the Rhine. — 5^/2 M. 
Rheineck (1320' ; Post, plain but good; Ochs; Rheinecker Hof: 
Rossli), a small town at the foot of vine-clad hills (2860 inhab.). 

Diligence seven times daily in 1/4 hr. to (IV4 M.) Thai (1344'; A7iker), 
an industrial place with 3547 inlial)., picturesquely situated at the foot of 
the Buchberg (to the Steinerne TiscJi, 25min., see p. 71). — Motor-car from 
Rheineck via Wolfhalden to Heiden (p. 77) 5 times daily in 3/4 hr. (90 c). 

From Rheineck i'o Wai^zenhausen (3 M.), cable-railway in 11 min. 
(00 c, descent 40 c). The station is at the S. end of the town, above 
the Rhine bridge, to the right (electric tramway in 3 min., 15 c). The 
line threads a tunnel 330 yds. long, and then ascends rapidly (17-26:100) 
OIL the open hillside, crossing the Rudfrbach several times by means of 
lofty iron bridges. Lastly another tunnel, at the upper end of which is 
the station of "Walzenhausen (2237'; *//o<. Kurhaus, with view-ter- 
race and sulphur-baths, April loth to Nov. Ist, 70 beds, R. 3-4, B. IV4, 
D. 31/21 S. 3, pens. 7-10 fr. ; '^1 Jot. -Pens. Rheinbwg, with terrace, 00 beds, 
R. 2-31/2, B. IV4, D. 3, pe-ns. 0-9 f r. ; Hirach, pens. 5-0 f r. ; Hot. Bahn- 
hof., pens. 4-5 f r. ; Lmce, pens. 4 -41/2 f i"- ; Bens. Frirdhei/ii, 4 fr. ; Bens. 
Linde, 5-5Va fr., w(!ll 8|)okeii of; Sonne), a large village and health- 
rfsort, finely situated. T\n\ Rosenberg {l^yi'ti)' ] 1/4 hr. ; inn, pens. 4V8-5 fi*-). 
the *Gebhardshohe (2010'; 74 hr. ; restaurant; 10 min. below, H6t. 
Falken, pens. 6-i?{,^ fr., very fair), the Fronisenrilti (^/4 hr.), and Bgge 
(1 hr.), may l)e visited if time ])ermit. — A good road runs from the 
church along the hillside, adiording charming views of the Rhine valh'v 
and traversing woods, to the (1 M.) Convent of Grinimeiisteiyi (21H5'; 
Lowe). It continues at the same level to the (1/4 M.) Hut. -Bens, ziir 
lAndc, whence a footpath fliverges to the left, over the rid;4e, to (10 min.) 
the ♦Meld.egg (211:/; inn), a rocky promontory at the angb; of tlie Ithine 
valley, comrnan<ling a splendid view of the Vorarlberg and Apnenzejl 
AlpH, and the vallev down to th(! Lake of (.'onstance. We may (fescend 
to (Va hr.) An or {^U lir.) -SY. Margrethen (p. 84). 

ftl 1. li. I'O. — Mdi's. j>p.7'>\78. ALTSTATTEN. Vroiii Hi^rschiich 

Motor-oinnil)iia from Rhoinock to Wolfhahleu and Ilciilen , 5 tiint>s 
•lailv in ^4 hr. (faro 'M c), soo p. Tf). Ro;i(l from Walzcnhatison to Wolt- 
halifeii direct, 4'/^ M. 

Wdlzenhaasen (p. 83) is scon on the liill to the rioht. S M. 
St. Margrethen (l.'J25': Iinil. Besfanranf ; Hot. Bahi/h(tf c(: 
Villa MulU'i\ (>|)j)Osite the station, K. 2-3, B. 1 f r. ; Li/ulc: Oclus; 
Sonne: Restaur, dc Pens. GlctschrrhiUjtl, ^WS\. from the station, 
with pretty view, pens. 4-5 fr.) is the junction (Austrian custoni- 
liouse) of the line to Hreiz;«'nz (p. 514), wliioli intersects the wide 
cstuarv of the Hliine. The winilino: course of the river, which often 
caused serious darnatj^e, was regulated in 1893-1905 by the coni- 
hint'd ctforts of the Swiss and Austrian governments at a cost of 
10 million francs, and two large cuttings now enable the rivei' to 
carry its dej)osits to the liake of Constance. 

Thf Ikhlnc Valleij, formerly called th«; Upper HheingaUj was, 
like Tic'no and Thurgau, governed down to 1798 by bailiffs. The 
train skirts hills cov(!red with vineyards and orchards, and fi-om 
Ifrld.shm/ to Monsfein runs between the river and abrupt rocks. 

10 M.' Au (1338'; Srhlff^ R. 1 Va"'^, P^^ns- '*V2-'"> ^^'1 g<><^<l ^^'»"<^ 
Russli ; Rail. Rcstanrant) ., prettily situated at the foot of the 
Meldeijij (see above). To the left, the snow-clad Scesaplana; farther 
ntl*. the Drei Schwestern fp. 85); to the right, the Kamor and the 
Ilohe Kasten with its inn (p. 80). 

Road to (4 M.) Walzenhausen, see above. To the ^Meld('(j(j (-^U-l l>r.), 
see p. 8.3. — 'I'd the W., in a fertile, vine-clad basin, lies (2 M.) Berneck 
(l.S^O'- Krone: Drei Eidf/eiiosfien), a pleasant village (2254 inha!).), with 
good baths. Klcctric tramway to Altstiitteii , see below. Diligence from 
Berncck via Schachm and Ohere(i<] to ((*» M.) ITeiclcn^ sec p. 7(i. 

1272 ^I- Heerbrugg (Post); 14 M. Rehstein-Marbach. 

l<)»/o M. Altstatten (1520'; pop. 9311; Drei Konige, K. 2- 
2V/2, B. 1, D. 2^/2, pens. 572-7 fr.; Spliigen; Freihof), a pros- 
perous little town. Through a gorge on the right pe(jps the Sentis, 
adjoining the Fahnorn. To the right is the Nunnery of the Good 
Shepherd /orphanage), with a large domed church. 

Ei.KCTKic Tramway from Altstatten to (OV2 M-) Hcrncck in •V4-I In-. 
StatioHH: Lfichi7i(/f'n, Marhnch, RphHtrin, Bal<fach, Ifrcrbriif/tf, and licrvccl' 
(see ahove). 

Roads lf>ad from Altstatten via the Latidmark (.3265') to (9 M.) Trof/rn, 
and vi.\ the >Stof(M {'M'.'Ai') to (H M.) Gais (p. 78; electric tramway under 
constrnctioii) ; and a ])leasaiit path in '^ hrs. via St. Avion to llcidcn 
(p. 77). Onc-horsf carriairf* to Gais 10, two-horse 15, to Ai)pcnzell 12 and 
18, to Weisshad 15 and 25 fr. 

20 M. Obnriet (1387'; Sonne). On a hill U) the right is the 

square tower of the castle of Blaften (suuimer-restaurant; vi(^w). 

— 23 M. Rilthi (Krone; Hirsch). — 2772 M. JSalefz-Sennwald 


Ascent of thf; */Iohe Kaftie.n (5900'), 3>/j-4 hrs. from Riithi, via Brunnen- 
hcr^,', Kamm, IJntrr-Kamor, and Ohor-Kamor. see p. 80 (f^uidc not indis- 
jj(;nsai»lc). - To thk Wkis. hao H\ hrs., with ^uidc), an arduous walk, by 
Sax and the ISarer Liick-e, (MW)^ passing the Fiihlen and SHiabtiH Jakes 
(comp. p. 82). 

to Coire. MAIEXEELD. ^/«2>s, PJ). 7G, so, 86. - L R. 20. 85 

29 M. Haag-Gams (Zum Balinliof).— 32 M. Buchs (1475'; 
Rail. Restaurant ; Hot. Rhsetia, R. 1^/2-2, B. 1, D. 272 fi'-, good; 
Trauhe; Gh'unecJc; Arlberg) is the junction (Austrian custom- 
house) of the branch-line to Feldkirch (11 M. ; see p. 514). To the 
W., on the Toggenburg road (p. 76), rises the well-preserved 
chateau of Werdenberg. 

On a heiglit, ou the opposite bank of the Rhine, lies Vadttz (1525'; 
Engel; Lowe), with the white chateau of LiecMenstein on a lofty rock, 
the capital of the principality of Liechtenstein, at the foot of the Drei 
Schiceatern (69G5'), which may be ascended from the Alp Gaflei (4920'; 
*Hotel), 3 hrs. above Vaduz, by an excellent and highly interesting rock- 
path in 2 hrs., with guide (see Baedeker^ 8 Eastern Alps). 

Beyond (35 M.) Sevelen (1512'; Trauhe; Drei Konige; 
Schweizerhaus ; Pens. BUrlisbuhl, 5-7 fr.) rises the ruined chateau 
of Wartau. On a hill to the left, beyond the Rhine, near Balzers, 
is the ruin of Ghittenberg , where the ascent of the Luziensteig 
begins (see below). — Beyond (39 M.) Truhbac^i (1575'; Hot. Bahn- 
hof, w^ell spoken of; Linde; Hirsch) the road and the railway are 
hevv^n through the rocks of the Schollherg. 

Thc*Alvier (7753'; guide 10 fr.) may by ascended from Buchs, Sevelen, 
or Triibhach in 5V2 brs., see p. 61. Road from Trtibbach by Atzinoos (Ochs; 
Traube ; Rossli), Malans, and past the ruin of Wai-tau, to ('^4 hr.) Oher- 
ffchaji (2215'; Hot. -Pens. Badeck, pens. 4.-5 fr. ; Bossli; Pens. Hanselmann, 
3V2-4Va fr.) and (3 hrs.) the Kurhaus Palfries (53G0'; see p. (il); thence by 
the Schemer Alp to (2 hrs.) the top. — The Gonzen (6015'), from Trilbbach 
in 4 hrs., with guide (8 fr.), is easy and interesting (comp. p. 62). About 
2V2 brs. from Trtibbach is the Kvrliaua Gonzen (4590'; 30 beds, pens. 
372-4:^/2 fi"Oj tinely situated. 

42 M. Sargans (1590' ; Railway Restaurant) is the junction 
of the AV^eesen (Glarus) and Zurich line; see p. 61. Carriages some- 
times changed. The scenery becomes grander: to the N.W., the 
long serrated chain of the Cnrfirsten (p. 58); to the E., the Fld- 
seherberg and the grey pyramid of the Falhnis (see below). To 
the right, near Vilters, is the Lower Sar Fall, fine after rain. 

45 M. Ragatz (1656'), see p. 86. To the right, the ruin of 
Freudenherg (p. 88) ; then, higher up, the Hot.-Pens. Wartensteitt, 
(p. 89j. At the head of the Tamina valley appears the Calanda 
(p. 90). Below the influx of the 2'omina we cross the Rhine by a 
wooden bridge, 167 vds. in biiigth. 

461/2 ^^- Maienfeld (1660'; pop. 1250; Ochs; Hot. Vilan ; 
ffoL Bahnhof ; Falknis; Rossli, good wine) is an old and thriving 
little town. The old tower (restaurant and fine view) is said to have 
been erected in the 4th cent, by th(! Roman Emperor Constantiiis. 

At Boval (2185'), IV4 M. to the N.K., in the Pension Annahof {'ii^l^ fiO, 
coininaiidin^ a good vi'^w. 

The Luziensteig (2346'; inn), a fortified delile botwoen the FUischer- 
hertf {\ih\W) and X\h\ Falknis, throujjii whicli the to Vaduz and Feld- 
kirch leads, JH 2 M. from Maienfeld and is frc(|Uontly visited from 
Ilaf<atz. Fine view from the higbeHt bloel<-houH(? (now dcHtroyed) on 
the top of the, Fljlseherber;,', 1 hr. to the W., and also <.n th(! return. 
The ♦Pjilknifl ''8420'; fi-fji/g hiH.; f,aude 16 fr.) is caKy a/nl IntereHting: 

8(5 r. liontt !•'>. ZIZKKS. 

fmin Mai»Mit\*hl (^juides, Joh. I'lMrr Kiulrrliii, .Jacoli .IukI) via lUimltr liy 
the KuiK'rIin\ve«; to tho (jji/j hrs.) Hndcrihi- lliittf, on tlio Fltischrr Iko-f/ihi 
(47%'); red-iuarki'd path theme via th«^ (2»/^ his.) Fh'isrfu r FiirkU (7372') 
to the (1 hr.) top. Ma^niifioont view. The ascent from the Luziciistt'ip 
viH the hamlot of Ouscha (inn», K hra. with guide, is toilsome. 

Oti the vine-clad slopes to the left lie the villages of ,/('?//y/8 
(above it, the ruins of Wyni'ck .ind Aspn^niofff) and yfalmix 
'p. 444). The train crosses the La/idquarfj near its intiux into the 
llhine. 49 M. Landquart (1730'; *Il6t. Landquart , R. 272--^, 
1). 3';.,, pens. D-12 fr.), junction of the Rhsetian Kaihvay to Davos 

• p. 444 >. To the l»'ft are the Ivlus (entrance to the Pnlti<.'an) and 
the chalrau of Marsrhlins ; then the villai^^e of lyis (see below). 

52*/2 ^'- Zizers (1854'; Krone; Zum Bahnliof), a small nnd 
:i!M'i»Mit towii. To the left are Molindraj a sunnner-seat of the 
Uishop of C'oire. and the village of Tr'hnmis. To tlu> right, (he 
peaks of the Calanda (p. 441 ) ; at its base are the ruins of LiccJdcn- 
stainj Gruttensfiin, and Haldenstein. At the foot of the last lies 
the village of Haldenstein, with a restored chateau belonging to 

♦ 'ount Salis (int»>resting wooden ceiling; old tile-stoves^. 

57»^ M. Cuire, see p. 438. 

BeBides the direct railway the RHi^yriAN Raii.wav (p. 44-t), a iiarrow- 
KHUge line, runs from Landquart to Coirc (874 M., in 25-32 min.). Sta- 
tions: Tfi'ix, Ziztrs, Unten'afz, Trinnnis, IfcddoiftU in, and t'oirv. 

21. Ragatz and its Environs. 

Hotela. *Ql-ei,i.knhof (F1. a), iMav 15th -Oct. Ist, 250 btds, K. 5-12, 
H. 2, L. 4»/a. 1). ♦'», I><^"«- 12-26 fr.; *Hof Ragatz (PI. 1)), Marcli loth-Oct. 
rUHt, 250 1)(m1s, R. 4-10, B. 2, D. 6, S. 41/2, pens. 12-18 f r. ; =<=H<VrKi. Tamina 
(Fl. c), May-Oct., 100 l)ods, R. 3-7, B. 1«/.^, 1). 4, S. :'.»/a, ]><*"«• '^-15 t"'- i 
thene three with hatha; *Schwkizkuhof & Villa Julia (IM. d), Mav-Oct., 
•m heds, R. 2Va-5, B. 1»/.^, D. ;>Va, S. 2'/a, 1>^'»«. ''-IS f r. ; *II«)t.-1^ens. Latt- 
MA>'M (PI. i), 110 heds, R. 2'/-.-5, B. IV4, 1). .'JVa, S. 2, i)ens. 7-12 fr., ^?ood 
.ruUine; Kronk & Villa Lulsa (PI. e), 30 heds, R. 2-3, B. 11/4, 1) 3, S. 2V-2, 
pens. 7-10 f r. ; St. Gallkk Hof (PI. };), 55 bed.s, i)ens. ()-9 fr. ; *H6t. 
v'estkal ^Pl. k), 40 heds, pens, from 7 fr. ; Hot. National (PI. 1), 25 beds, 
pens. e,-8 fr.: *H6t. Mktkoi>ole (PI. f). May Ist-Oct. 15th, pens. 7-10 fr. ; 
H6t.-Pk58. otkknen, Bahnhof-Str., pens. 6 - 8 f r. ; Ocnstj (PI. m), Lowk 
(PI. n), pens. 5-fi fr., both plain but Kood; restaurants at all those. — Near 
tlio Htation ('/a M. from the town; restaurant and i;arden at both): *H6tkl 
Bkistoi-, 90 beds, R. 3-10, B. P/^, D. 4, S. 6, jjens. from 9 fr. ; Rosknoaktkn, 
R. 2'/«-3, B. 11/4, I). 3, i)ens. 7-9 fr., well spoken of. -- Pensions. *Villa 
P'loka (1*1. h), in a quiet situation, with a large garden, 90 beds, pens. 7- 
10 fr.; WfiT. (iakni /lk Post (PI. o), pens. (5 fr. ; HOtel-Pension Waktkn- 

HTEIS '\K 89). 

Restaurants. Knrnafd, hoc below (Munich and Pilscn beer); Munich 
beer alsf* at the Hut. lirixlol, Schtreizffhof, National, (Joitral, and Mi'fro- 
jtnlt' (.-vL'*; above); I'l'lxi nkcllHr, '/* ^t. from the town, on the way to the 
Freud(!nbfrg <'p. 88); IW/Zin<^/--//(f7/.s, — Coniuctioner, Tohlfir. 

Post and Telegraph Office (PI. r), opposite the Dorfbad. 

OninibUB from tht- station to the village of Ragatz '/a-t fr., trunk 
25 .50 e. — Carriage, with one horse, from the station to the village 1 fr., 
trunk 60 c; fr«>m Ragatz (station or village) to Bad Pfafers and back, 
with halt of 2 hrs. , for 1-2 pers. 7, 3-4 pors. 10 fr. , and 1 fr. fee; to 
Wartenstein and Dorf Pfttfor^ 8 or 12, Viittis 18 or 25, Maienfeld 4 or C, 
Luziensteig 10 or 15 fr. 

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Baths. The Neuhad (PL 2) and Helenahad (PI. S) are near the Kiir- 
haus; the 3Iuhlebad (PI. 4) is near the Hof Ragatz; the Dor f bad (^]. 6), 
with a Triukhalle, is in the Bahnhof-Strasse , adjoining the Tamina 
Hotel. Charge 2-2V2 fr. per hr. ; warm towels 20 c. extra. — Swimminf/ 
Bath (PI. 1 ; 84° Fahr. ; 2 fr. in the morning, 1 fr. in the afternoon ; swini- 
ming-drawers 20 c., fall suit 60 c); open for ladies 8-10, 11-1, and 4-5.30. 

In the Kur-Grarten is the Medico -Mechanic Institute (Dr. F. Bally), 
for 'Swedish gymnastics', the electro-therapeutic treatment, and massage. 

Visitors^ Tax 50 c. per day for each person. The season lasts from 
the middle of May until October. ■ — 3Iusic in the morning, afternoon, and 
evening, alternately in the Kur-G-arten (or Kursaal) and the Badhalle at 
the Dorfbad. — Enquiry Office at the Post Office. 

English Church (service in summer). — Golf Links (8 holes). 

Ragatz (1710'; pop. 2000), prettily situated at the entrance 
of the narrow valley of the boisterous Tamina, v^hich falls into 
the Ehine lower down (see p. 85), is a famous watering-place and 
one of the most frequented resorts in Switzerland (30,000 visitors 

Valen.s'1 BaA i'fyl'eTsi "Wartxaifitcm-* 'iDro-fPfafei-B 

annually;. Th(^ station is about '/g M. from the market-place, 'i'o 
the right of the Bahnhof-8tr. lies the Cemetery^ with a monument 
to the philosopher Schelling (d. 1854); farth(.'r on, to the left, is 
the D(/rfhad (PL 5). The chief rallying-points are the Kursaal, 
with the Kur -Garten and the Bafh^ (see above), which receive 
the mineral water from Pfafers by a conduit, 2'/.^ M. long. Fine 
view of the Falknis to the N. 

88 ^ Hnntrl't. ?F.\FERS. 

IJy the lust houses (1 M.) on the Sargiins road a path ascends to 
the left throuj^h vineyards to (\/j M.) the ruined castle ()[ Freuden- 
benj (liUf)'), with a line view of the Khine Valley. We return by 
a road on the hillside, between houses and gardens. — On the right 
bank of the Tafiiina towards the Khine is the Giessensee, an arti- 
ticial lake surrounded by shady promenades (boat 80 c. per hour 
for 1-2 pers., 1 fr. iH) c. for 3-4 pers. ; with boatman 1 fr. 50 aud 

2 fr. 40 c). 

Bad Pfafkks, which lies rather more than 2^2^ from the 
market-place, niay be reached on foot (from the station and back 

3 hrs.) or by carriage (see p. 86). The road (forbidden to cyclists 
and motor-ears), folbtwing the left bank of the TiDnina, gradually 
ascends through wood, flanked by sombre schist cliffs, 500' to 800' 
high, which leave scarcely room enough for the torrent. Beyond the 
(2 M.) unpretending Schiratfenfail Bestauranf a footpath leads 
to the left across the Tamina and then ascends to the (7i} hr.) 
village of Pfafers (p. 89; shady, but steep and slippery in wet 
weather). The road next passes through a rocky gateway, and in 
'\ hr. more reaches the convent-like buildings of — 

Bad Pfafers ''2235'j. The bathing-establishment, situated in 
a shady spot at the mouth of the Tamina gorge, contains 120 beds 
(R. from IV21 pens, from 7^/2 fi*- 5 Swiss clientele). The charge for 
private baths is 1 fr., for j)ublic baths 60 c. Temperature of the 
water 95^ Fahr. The season lasts from the end of May to the end 
of September. 

Tickets for the *Tamina Gorge with the hot spring (1 fr.) are 
sold in the chief corridor of the bath-house. After traversing the 
long corridors we flescend to the left to the impressive gorge; 
(30-50' wide; 550 yds. in length), along which an easy pathway is 
carried, resting on the rock or on masonry, 30-40' above the torrent. 
The attendant opens a door admitting to a narrow shaft, filled 
with vapour, in which rises the s])ring, flowing at the rate of about 
660 gallons per minute. The pellucid water, free from taste and 
smell, is very slightly impregnated with carbonate of liuK^, chloride 
of sodium, and magnesia. Its use is beneficial in rheumatic, nervous, 
and scrofulous allVetions. The spring was discovered in 1038, and 
in 1242 holes in the rock were adaj)ted for bathers. About 1365 
the earliest bath-house was erected, traces of which may still be 
seen on the rocks above the shaft. The ])atients at that period 
were let down by ropes. 

From tut. Bathm to the Vii.laoe of PfXfkus (1'/4 In-.). The path 
r^reen markHy aHc»n(lH to the ri^'ht in windings; after '/4 l'i'-» by a finger- 
pOHt, wh«'ro th«! path to the riKht lf3afiH to ValciiH (see p. 89), wc descend 
to the b'ft and (6 niin.) croHH the Tamina hy a Natural liriflf/f., 2'}0' a))Ove 
the HpringH. We now EBcend a Hteep path on the right hank, cut in steps, 
and Hlippery in wet weathfr, to a (20 rnin.) reHtaurant (open in sninmcr 
only) and thence follow the footpath to the Irft, throii^^h nioadows and 
wood, to the ('/4 hr.) road, I'/* M. from the village of Tfiifers. 

VALENS. Map, p. 86. 1. B. 21. 89 

A Cable Tramway, starting every 10-30 min., ascends from 
behind the Hotel Hof Ragatz in 10 min. (gradient 27:100; 2nd cl. 
1 fr., 3rd cl. 60 c; return-ticket 1 fr. 30, 80 c, 10 return-tickets 
10 or 6 fr.) to the * Hotel- Pension Wartenstein (2463'; 56 beds 
at 3-6, B. 1^4, D- 4, S. 3, pens. 9-13 fr., incl. free use of cable- 
tramway), a health-resort (open from May to Oct.), with hydropathic 
and garden, affording a view of the Rhine Yalley as far as the Cur- 
firsten to the N.W. (p. 58). Below are the ruin of Wartenstein and 
the Chapel of St. George. The carriage-road (40 min.) goes on to 
(20 min.) the Village of Pfafers (2735' ; Adler, pens, from 5 fr., 
Lowe, pens. 4-5 fr., Tauhe, Tabor, all with garden-restaurants). 
The once powerful Benedictine Abbey of Pfafers, founded about 
724 by St. Pirmin and secularized in 1838, was converted into a 
lunatic asylum (St. Pirminsherg) in 1847. The Tabor (2765'), 
a hill ^4 hr. to the N. of the abbey, also affords a fine view. 

Excursions from Ragatz (way-marks abound). — The *GuscIiakopf 
(2463'), a wooded hill to the W. of Ragatz, to the right of the entrance 
to the Tamina Valley, may be reached in 40 min., either by a path on 
the S. side, ascending to the left beyond Pens. Flora, or by one on the 
W. side, diverging to the right from the road to Yalens (see below). 
Fine view of Ragatz, the Rhine Valley, the Appenzell and Pratigau Mts., 
the Monteluna, and the Calanda. — To Maienfeld (I1/2 M. by road over 
the Rhine bridge; carr., see p. 86); Luziensteig (direct path by the railway- 
bridge IV4 hr., road via Maienfeld 4^/2 M. ; carr., see p. 86), see p. 85. 
From the village of Fldsch, 2 M. from Ragatz, a path (yellow marks) 
ascends in IV4 hr. to the top of the * Fid scher berg (3515'), with splendid 
view (red-marked path also from the Luziensteig in 1 hr.). — The Pratigau 
(Seewis, Valzeina, etc.), see R. 93. 

*Pizalun (4860'), 3-3V4 hrs., easy (guide unnecessary). From (1 hr.) 
Dorf Pfafers a road leads partly through wood via Furggels to (IV2 hr.) 
^St. Margretenherg (4130'), whence we ascend to the left, and lastly by iron 
steps to the (^/^ hr.) top, which commands a splendid view of the Rhine 
valley, Rhseticon, etc. — A similar view is commanded by the Tristeli 
(4790'), to the N. of Pizalun. The path diverges to the left from the 
Vattis road, about 1 M. from Dorf Pfafers, and ascends mostly through 
wood to the (2 hrs.) Alp. 

To Valens (3018'; Piz tSol, pens. 4Va-5 f r. ; Zu?n Frohsinn), from 
Ragatz in I'/a hr. by a direct road ascending to the left under the Guscha- 
kopf, affording beautiful glimpses of the Calanda, or from Bad Pfafers 
in 1/2 hr. (to the right at the finger-post mentioned on p. 88). A new 
road hence, crossing the (V4 hr.) Tschrnner S'chlucht, a deep rocky cleft 
in the Mtihletobel, leads to (^j^hv.) Vason (30-d5'; inn), amid sunny ])aatureK, 
whence tlu; road j>roceeds througli the Tamina valley to the (IV2M.) road 
to Vattis (see p. 90). — Ascent of the Vasanekopf (()()75'), from Valens, 
easy (3Va ''r«- ; guide 8fr.): across pastures to tlio Laaa Alp (6145'; chib- 

hiit), 3hr8. ; thence to the right to the top, Va ^r. (wide view; still finer 

Dm trie Lasa Alp, 
fiora.— *Monteluna (7955'), 472 hrs. from Vason by the; Alp Vi)i(/('ls 

from the SchloHHlikopf, 7295', 1 lir. from the Lasa Alp, guide 9 fr.). Rich 

(6410'), also easy and interesting (guide 12 fr.). -The ascent of *Piz Sol 
(9346'), the liighcst of the drauc llurvcr^ is not difficult for exi)ertK 
il hrs.; guide 17 fr.). From (3 lirs.) the LaHa, Alp we asc(Mid to the (2 hrs.) 
lonely WildncH (7990'), beyond which w(! proc(!n<J over rocks and hiiow to 
i 2 hrs.) the summit, where a glorious view unfoldn itself. W<^ may descend 
vi,\ the Tvraol Alp to VdUia, vvX the Gaf/lo Alp to MpIh (p. 61), •>.• viA 
the Alp JMvtina to (3Vb hrs.) WciHHtannen (p. <'»! ; guide 20 fr.). 

no J. R.2i. Map,p.8f:. V ATT IS 

Fkom Kagatz to Vattis, 10 M., (lili*^tMice twice daily in suinnior 
in 2^i2 hrs. (faro 3 fr. 15 c; carr., see p. 86). The road leads via 
(3 M.) the village of Tfafers ip. 89), and then on the E. side of 
the deep Taniina Vallev. After l^/j M- the path to the Ikiths of 
I^fiifers diverges to the right (p. 88). Farther on the road passes the 
houses of Bat/itl and (l^/o M.) Vadura (Gemsli), beyond which 
we join the road from Vason via the Taniina bridge (p. 89). To 
the left rise the precipitous slopes of the Calanda. The valley 
expands beyond the narrow ravine of ^^ Peter, 1 V2 M. from Vattis 
(3120' ; *IIot. Ijin-rhe, pens. 5-7 fr. ; Hot. Calanda, pens. 5-572 f^'- 5 
KnrhdHs Alpimi, pens. 5-6 fr. ; Hot. Tamina, pens. 4^/2-5 f r. ; 
all plain hut good), a large village and summer-resort, beautifully 
situated at the mouth of the Calfeisen-Tal (see below). 

Walks may ne taken to (20 min.) Vidameida (view of the Saidona 
Glacier); to (i hr.) the Gvapperkopf (3«)80') , an old Hilver mine with 
several ruined shafts, where interesting mineral specimens mav be found; 
thence to the (1 hr.) Alp t^chroter (4900') and the (1 hr.) Alp Sal a z (6870'), 
with tine view. — The Vttttnerberg (6296'; 2 hrs.; fatiguing) is better 
ascended from Vason (p. 89); thence to Wia MonUinva (p. 89), 2V2hrs.— 
To the (4 hrs.) Drarhenloch (7875'), on the Drachenhevfj or Dragqaberg^ 
also fatiguing (guide dt'sirable); fine felspar and stalactites. — Ascents 
(guides, Jos. Spre<'her, David Kohler). Calanda (9213'), 7-8 hrs. (guide 
16 fr.); path marked in blue; laborious but remunerative (comj). p. 141). 
— Sitnd (7710'), via the Ranmz Alp in 4 hrs., easy (guide 8 fr.); Aelpli- 
kop^ (SbW)j via the Va'ttner Aelpli in 5 hrs., also easy (guide 10 fr.); 
Zanat/horn (9270'), via the Calvina Alp in H hrs. (guide 17 fr.); f^azmartiv- 
horn 9;>16') and Piz Sol [Pizol; 9346'; see p. 89), via the Tersol Alp 
in »>-7 hrs. (guide 17 fr.), these three somewhat troul)lesome. The Pavfira- 
hirrner (\0,{)U)' and 10,190'; 7-8 hrs. ; guide 25 fr.) are })est ascended from 
the 8. by the Grossalp and the Lavoi-Tal (trying, l)ut attractive; magni- 
ficent views).— The*Ringelspitz or Piz Bargias (10,BH5'; 8-9 hrs.; guide 
30 fr.) is difficult, for experts only. The ascent is usually made from the 
N. by the CalfeisniTal and the (2V2-3 hrs.) Schr^ia-Wiesli Hut (6(n5'; 
night-quarters), and thence by the Glaacr Glacier or by the Riesegg to the 
(5-»' hrs.) summit. The ascent from the S.E. (Kunkels), by the Grossalp 
(night-«iuarters) and the T'annnscr Glacier^ is easier (7-8 hrs., guide 30 fr.). 
Corap. i». 1C)0. -The Glaarrhorn (10,260 ; guide 25 fr.) and the Tristelhorn 
or Piz da Sterla (10,220'; guide 26 fr.) also are ;iseended from the Schriia- 
Wiesli Alp, but both are difficult. 

From VAttis to RErruENAr over the KuNKfi.s Pass (3Va hrs.; guide, 
10 fr., unnecessary). The route, practicable for carriages to llcbpn'vf, the 
top of the pass, ascrnds the valley of the Gorba generally on the K. side. 
The chalets of the upjH'r valley are collectively called Kunkdn. On reacliing 
the '2 hrs.) KimkelH Pass (1133') we turn abrujitly to the left and enter 
the defile of La lUppa. (Al)out 5 min. to the right of the path a superb 
view of the Rhine Valley may be obtained.) Then a steej) and stony 
descent in Tawim and (Vj^ hr.) Rnrhrvau (p. 45(5).- From the Kunkels 
Pass an easy path leads to the E. to the (2 hrs.) Tatninacr Aelpli (O.^IO'), 
at the S. edge of the Calanda, with a magnificent view. 

From Vattih to Fi.lms ovkr the Tkinser Furka, 9-10 hrs. (guide 
26 fr.), trying but remunerative. A new road (one-horse carriage to 
St. Martin 30, two-horse 40, to Sardona-Alp 35 and 50 fr.) ascends the 
picturcHfjue Calfeisen-Tal vi^ (2 hrs.) St. Martin (4430'; thence by the 
Jfeidel Pcutfi to WHttntanntn, see p. e,! ; by the Ifaibiitzli Pasfi to Klirij 
Bee p. 102) and the MnlauM^r Alp to (2 hrs.) the grandly situated Sardona 
Alp {hl?>h' I, whence a str>e|» and laborious path leads to the S.W. to the 
(2 hrs.) Trinser Furka (8J»;5'j, to the N.h. of the Trimer Horn (9936'). 



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NAFELS. I' Route 22. 91 

We descend to the Trifiser Alp and round the E. side of the Flimser- Stein 
(p. 460) past the Bargis and Fidaz alps to (3 hrs.) Films (p. 459); or we 
may skirt the Trinser Horn to the right and reach Flims via Segnes Sura 
and the Segnes Club Hut. — At the head of the valley, IV2 hr. from the 
Sardona Alp, is the Sardona Club Hut (7710'; inn in summer), whence 
experts may climb the Piz Sardona ov Saurenstock (10,020'; 3-4 hrs. ; 
guide 23 f/.), the Grosse Scheibe (9585'; 3 hrs.; guide 20 fr.) , the Piz 
Segnes (10,175'; 3V2 hrs. ; guide 25 fr.), and the Trinser Horn or Piz Dolf 
(9935'; 31/2-4 hrs.; guide 22 fr.). Over the Sardona Pass (9315') to Segnes 
Sura and Flims, troublesome; over the Sardona Pass and the Saurenjoch 
(9380') to the Falziiber Alp and Elm, difficult (see p. 102). 

22. Prom Zurich to Glarus and Linthal. 

52 M. Railway to Glarus (421/2 M.) in l^U-2^14, hrs. (7 fr. 20, 5 fr. 5, 
3 fr. 60 c.) ; from Glarus to Linthal (91/2 M.) in 40-50 min. (1 fr. 70, 1 fr. 20, 
85 c). (From Weesen to Glarus, 71/2 M., in 20 min.; 1 fr. 25, 90, 65c.) 

To (3572 ^I-) Ziegelhrilcke, see pp. 56, 57. We cross the Linth 
Canal (p. 65) ; on the right, the Wiggis (see below) and Glarnisch 
(p. 92). 37 M. Nieder- and Ober-Urnen, for the pleasant villages 
of Nieder-Urnen (1417'; Mineralbad Niederurnen, pens. 5-6 fr. 
incl. baths) and Ober-Urnen (1440' ; Quellenhof). — 39 M. Nafels- 
Mollisy junction for (2V2 M.) Weesen (p. 57). 

Nafels (2660'; 2660 inhab.; Schwert, R. 2-3, B. 1, pens. 
5-7 fr. ; Schutzenhof; Cafe- Restaurant National) and Ober- 
Urnen are the only Roman Catholic villages in Canton Glarus. The 
church is the finest in the canton. The well-preserved Freuler 
Palace, now a poor-house , contains some interesting Renaissance 
rooms and, on the groundfloor, a collection of local antiquities 
(adm. 50 c). On 9th April, 1388, the natives here shook off the 
Austrian yoke. In the Mautifelder, where eleven attacks took place, 
stand eleven memorial stones (monument in the Sdndlen). The 
peasants of the district make a pilgrimage to the spot on the first 
Thurs. in April. — On the right bank of the Escher Canal lies 
Mollis (1470'; Lowe, pens. 6-7 fr. ; ZumBad), an industrial village 
(2000 inhab.). Over the Kerenzerberg to Muhlehorn, see p. 59. 

Excursions. The *Rautlspitz (7493'), the summit of the Wiggis 
Chain, is ascondcd from Nafels in 5V2-() hrs. (interesting; no difficulty; 
guide 10 fr.). On the right bank of the Rautibach, with its numerous falls, 
we ascend in 7Ai^za.i^fi, crossing the Trdnkibach, to the (1 hr.) Brand (2510')- 
Hence a road leads through wood and past the Haslen-See (2460') via the 
Nieder-See Alp (Kurhaus Oherseetal, plain) to the (1 hr.) charming Ober- 
see (.3226'; inn). We skirt this lake to the left and ascend through wood 
to the Grappli Alp (4780') and (2 hrs.) Rauti A Ijj (6400' ; shelter-hut), and 
in 2 hrs. more to tlie top, which sjojies gradually on tin; W. side (beauti- 
ful view). — A rocky arete 1 hr. long, traversed by a dizzy path, connects 
the Rautispitz with the Scheye (7420'), the second peak of the Wiggis. 
The Scheye is ascended also from Vorauen or Richisau (p. 100) viA, the 
iMngrnegg Alp (4 hrs.), or from the KlJintal Lake (n. 100) via the Ihrbcrig 
and tlie iJeyni Alp (4'/g hrs.), or from Netstal by the Auern Alp {b^j^ hrs. ; 
gnide 10 fr.). -From the Obersee to (4'/a brs.) HirhiHau or Voraven (p. 100) 
via the hichcn Alp ('.^120'), tlie JMngcnrgg I'uhm (ca. 6900'), and the Ldugni- 
eyg Alp (6267'j, an attractive route (guide, 10 fr.). 

\)'2 f ''* --' V< I /)./». .'>^) (il, AIM'S. Fn)>n Ziirich 

41 M. Netstal (148')'; pop. 2()()0 ; Srhxvert, pens. 3-o fr. ; 
St. FridnliHy on tho Klontal road, well spokrn of) lies at the K. 
base of the Wii^'^is 'p. 1)1 >. Koad to th(' hllinfdly see below. 

427jM. GlarUS. liaUtnu/Iifsfauriint. Hotels. *Gi,aknek Hop, 
Ht the station, 70 1)6(18, U. 3-6, 13. l»/j,, 1>- -^V*, ptJns. 8-10 fr.; H6t. 
ScHNEi.i.KK, U. 2-3, pt'iiH. e»-8 f r. ; Dkei Kidgknossen, R. 2-3, pens. «;-7 f r. ; 
SciiwEizKKiioK, ponH. 5-7 fr. ; Lowe, pens. 5 fr. ; Sonne, pens. 6-7 fr. ; HAt. 
Bahnhok, K. J?, n. 1, D. 2 fr. Beer at the Drei FAdfjenosHOi , So)ni<\ and 
the lloft'l liiihnhi>f; Ht'xtauiant Erlt nifarteii (brewery), iScIu'if.zefifi(it/t(, l)otli 
to the S. of the town, with f^arilvm^.- Smiivier Restaurant on the Berqli 
fl883'), 20 min. to the W. of the town, an admirable point of view. 

Glarus ( l.')77' ; pop. 5089), Fr. GlariSy the capital of the eantoii, 
with busy factories, lies at the N.E. base of the precipitous and 
imposing Vordei'-Gldrnhih (7648'), at the W. base of the Schild 
(7500'), and at the S.E. base of the Wiijgis (p. 91). The Karpf- 
st(M*k (9180') forms the background to the S. ; to the right, the 
Hansstork (10,840'), to the left, the Gandstock (7600'). The 
Town Hall contains excellent reliefs of the canton of Glarus by 
F. Becker and of the Klni landslip by Prof. A. Heini (adni. free). 
The Lnir Courts contain the Cantonal Archives, the Public Library, 
and a small •jallery of pictures, chiefly by Swiss artists (adni. 
50 c.». In the Post Office are collections of antiquities and natural 
history curiosities itine fossils). — On the right bank of the Linth 
lies the industrial village of Ennenda (Schiitzenhof ; Wiese; Krei- 
hof), with 2497 inhabitants. 

KxciRHioNs (^uide, Rudolf Stahl). Pretty walk (road) xiH Schtreizcr- 
haus to (3«/a M.) Schmlndi (p. 9.S). — The Schild (7500'; 5-(5 hrs. ; gui(h' 
8 fr.). The path from Glarus leads through wood and pastures, and over the 
Ennethrrge, to the (3 hrs.) Ileuboden Alp (4770'); tlion to the rif^ht, without 
difficulty, to the ton (2Va brs.). Adniirable view of the Mllrtschenstock, 
Tfidi, and GlJlrniHch. -The Fronalpstock (♦5980'; 5 hrs.; guide 7 f r. ; 
Himilar view; is eaHily ascended via the Ennetl)erge and the Fronalp.- 
To the Mi'kotal from the (3 hrs.) Hcuboden Alp, by the Miirtschen Alp 
{Ohfratafti, (J0*J3'), «ee j). 00 (to the Merlen Alp direct, 2 hrs. ; over the 
Murg»ff-Furkel to the Murgseen, 2'/^ hrs. ; guide 10 fr.). — To Obstalden 
(8 hrs. ; guide, 8 fr., unnecesaarv for experts), a fine route: we cross tho 
Fronnlp Miffl^rr bVXi\ Ofyen' «039') and Plattfn Alp (5495') to the (5 hrs.) 
Spitnyu'dii '^5108'), skirt the little Spannr<ff/-See (4757'; with the Miirtschcn- 
HttH'k on our ri^ht, j». 69), and descend to the; Talalp-Sec (3010') and (3 hrs.) 
OhMtnlflt>ti p. W.y. -'rhe Vorder-Qliirnisch (7C)48'; 5-«) hrs. ; guide 10 fr.), 
from GlaruH vi.i Sarkbei}/ an<l tlie (JUifr.r, is laborious, for experts only. 

The *K16ntal (p. lOO) as far as Richiaau deserves a visit. Good road 
pant the Kl'hifnhr Sre to Vorauni (7'/'^ M.) and .ffic/ii«a?^ (lO'/a M.) ; one- 
liorsr carr. ther»* and back 18, two-horse 25-30 fr. 

From GlaruH over the I*raqel to Schwyz, see R. 24. 

The railway to Linthal crosses the Linth six times. 43 M. Eft- 
fipfida ('sec above.. Near ^4472 M) Mitlodi (1665'; Hirsch), and 
beyond it, we obtain a superb view of the Todi and its neighbours. 
On the right bank lies Knnctlirdh. The fertile valley with its fac- 
tories contrasts pictnresqnely with the abrupt mountains. 

46 M. Schwanden '1720'; Hail. lieHtanrant ; Srhwaitderhofy 

to lAnthM. LINTHAL. Map, p. 90.-1. R. 22. 93 

pens. 5-6 f r. ; Hot. Bahnhof, pens. 5-7 fr.; Adler, pens. 472-6 fr. ; 
Linthhof)^ with 2400 inhab., lies at the mouth of the Sernf-Tal 
(p. 101). 

Pretty walk (road via TJion IV2 M.. direct path I1/4 M.) to Schv/andi 
(2360'; Hirsch; Adler ; Krone), with a splendid view of the Todi and Selb- 
sanft. — From Schwandi to the Oberblegi-See (see below) by the Guppen 
Alp (5480') and Guppen-Seeli, 4 hrs. 

We cross the Linth below the influx of the Sernf. 47 M. Nid- 
furn-Haslen (1864') ; to the E., 2 M. higher up, is the plain Kur- 
haus T'annenherg (3035' ; view). Farther on is Leuggelhach (Hofli- 
bad, with restaurant and garden), with a line waterfall on the right. 

— 49 M . Luchsingen-Hdtzingen (1873'). 

Pleasant excursion to the (2V2 hrs.) Oberblegi-See (4680'), at the foot 
of the Bachistock (p. 100); descent by the Boshdchi Alp and BroMmvald 
(p. 94) to (3 hrs.) Stachclberg. Fine view of the Todi group, etc. 

We cross the Linth to (50 M.) Diesbach-Betschwanden (1958') ; 

on the left, the picturesque fall of the Dieshach. 

The Saasberg (7227'), a spur of the Freiberg Range, is ascended from 
Betschwanden, Riiti, or Linthal in 41/2 hrs. (guide 8fr.); striking view. 

— Karpfstock {HochJcdrpf, 9180'; 6-7 hrs. ; guide 15 fr.), laborious, for 
experts only, via Bodmen Alp, Kilhtal, and the Kdrpf Club Hut (7446'). 

Beyond (51 V2 ^0 Ruti (2014'; Adler) we cross the Linth for 
the last time. — 52 M. Linthal, the terminus, on the left bank. 
To the N. (V4 M.) are the *Batiis of Staohelberg (2178' ; 15th 
May-15th Oct.; 150 beds, R. 3-7, B. IV2, D- 5, S. 3, pens. 9-15 fr. ; 
visitors' tax 1 fr. per week), beautifully situated, with extensive 
grounds (English Church Service in summer). The powerful sul- 
phureous alkaline water trickles from a cleft in the Braunwald- 
herg, 1^2 ^- distant. *View of the head of the valley: in the centre 
the huge Selhsanft (9935') with the Gries Glacier, adjoined by 
the snow-clad Bifertenstock (11,240') ; to the right the Gemsistock 
(7980') and adjoining it part of the Todi (11,887'); between the 
Todi and Bifertenstock the snowy crest culminating in the Bundner 
Todi (10,250') and Fiz Urlaim (11,060'), from which the Biferten 
Glacier descends; on the extreme right the Karnmerstock (7100'). 

Above the station, on the left bank of the Linth, is Ennetlintli, 

with large spinning-mills. On the right bank lies (^1^ M.) Linthal 

(21 68'; Hot. Bahnhof, R. 2-3, pens. 6^/3-8 fr. ; "^Rahe, pens. 6-7 fr. ; 

"^Drei Eidgenossen, pens. 572-6V2 ^^'- 5 "^Bdr, pens. 6-7 fr. ; Adler, 

lUaasen, at both pens. 4:^/2-*^ fr. ; Pens. Plantira, 472 fr-i fair), a 

large village (1894 inhab.), frequented as a summer-resort. 

ExC[JK«iONH (guides: Fritz and Johann Zweifel , Hciiirich Schiesser, 
Rob. Hilmig, Andreas Sttlssi and Jacob Diirst of Linthal; Jakob Tachudi 
of Schwanden). 'J'he *IiOwer Fiitschbach Fall is reached by a good 
jjath on the loft })ank of tlie Linth in '/a ''•'• 5 "r we may follow tlie j(»ad 
to the Thifrfchd (p. 94) on tlic right liank for^/4M., then diverge to the 
right, croHsing the Linth and the FJltsclibach btdow the fall, and return 
by the left bank (1 hr. in all). From the fall a footpath aHc<MidK to the 
right to the ('/4 hr.) 1)171 c'//«t RiiniiH, on tin; Klaiisen road (p. DC); tine 
view). The beautiful *C(?draJ F(di (Jicrgli-Stiibn'J is host Been from the 

94 I' Rof'te 2:\ BRAUNWALD. Excursions 

tiftli 1)011(1 of the Klaiiseii road (p. 97), about 2VoM. from Lintlial; a patli 
descends from the Borgli inn to the foot of the fall. 

To Braunwai.d, to the W., IV4 hr. above Stachelberg, an electric cable 
tramway, opened in 1907, ascends in 20 min. (fares 3 or 2 fr., there and 
back 41/2 and ," fr.). The station is about V4 M. to the N. of Linthal station, 
near Bad Stachelberg. The line (1490 yds. in length, with a maximum 
gradient of 04 : 100) mounts rapidly through wood and pastures, finally 
threading a tunnel 150 yds. in length. Braunwald (4115'; Pens. Alpen- 
biickj next the station, pens. 6-8 fr., vory fair; 5 min. higher, *Gr.-lIdt. 
Brannuald, open June-Oct., 100 beds, R. 4-7, B. IV2, D. ^Va-S, S. 3V2-4, 
|)ens. 9-16 fr. ; 10 min. farther down, below the station, Ku7'haus Niedei- 
sdiJacht, pens. 4V2-5 fr-> adjoined by a sanatorium for the poor; 20 mia. 
to the S.W. of the station. Pern., b-b^l^fr., and V-j br. higher N.E. 
Pe)is. Rubschen, ^V'^-oVa fi'O? ^ widely scattered mountain village, char- 
mingly situated on a slo])ing terrace (3940'-4900'), among groves of maples 
and tirs, enjoys a splendid view of the Todi and its neighbours and is 
frequented as a health-resort. The best point of view is near the school 
(4535'), 25 min. above the Alpenblick, to the left. Promenades and longer 
excursions abound. To the Ohrenplatte (4500'), IV4 hr. ; Oberblegi-See 
(p. 93), 21/2 hrs.; Knrugrat (6095'), from (Va hr.) Ilubschen (see above) 
11/2 hr. (well mavlied path); to the (I1/2 hr.) Oberstaffel Alp (5725') and 
the (1 hr.) Gumen (6890') ; line views everywhere. Mountaia ascents 
(guide, G-eorg Stre: If) : Hinterer Egqstock (8015'), via Oberstafiel 31/2^11*8-. 
with guide; Ortstock (8923'), by the Barentritt (sec below) 5 lirs., with 
guide, laborious; Fcmlen (8943'), 5 hrs. with guide; Vorderer Sggstock 
(8035'), 4 hrs. with guide, difficult; etc. — A neasy path fiom the Kurhaus 
Niederschlacht leads to the uppermost curve of the Klausen road (1^/2 hr. ; 
theai-e to the ITriier Boden I1/2 hr.). 

Mountain Ascents. Karamerstock (2'wrm; 7100'), vmVae, 
Alp in 4Va hrs., repaying and not difficult (guide 8 fr.). — Ortstock or 
Silbarstock (8923'), via the Alp Brdch, the Bdrenti'itt, and the Furkel, 
6-7 hrs., laborious; splendid view (guide 15 fr.). — Grrieset or Faiilen 
(8943'), via Braunwald in 7 hrs., attractive and not difficult (see above, guide 
15 fr.). The Bose Faiilen (9200'), the N. and higher peak of the Grieset, is 
difficult (8 hrs. ; guide 25-30 fr.). These peaks afford an interesting survey 
of the stony wilderness around. Other tine points are the Pfannenstovk 
(8448'; 8 hrs'.; guide 17 fr.) and the Kirchberg {Boher Turm, 8726'; 7-8 hrs. ; 
guide 20 fr.). From the Faulen via the Dreckloch Alp (5560') to the Glarnisch- 
Hutte(]). 100), 41/2 hrs. — Gemsfayrenstock (9758'), 8 hrs. (guide 20 fr.), 
not difficult. We cross the Linth at the Auenguter (see below) and ascend 
through wood, crossing the Sclireienbach and passing the Altenoren Alp, 
to the (6 hrs.) Clarida Club Hut (8000'; inn in summer) on the Altenoren- 
Stock : then over the Clariden Glacier and the Gemsfayren-Joch (9()10') to 
(IV2-2 hrs.) the summit. Descent by the Beckeneti to (2 hrs.) the Upper 
Sondalp (j). 95), or by the Fisiten Pa^s (6693') and Gemsfayer Alp to 
(2Va hrs.) the Urner Boden (p. 97). — The Clarida Hut is also the starting- 
point of the ascents of the Geissbiitzistock (8925'; 1 hr.; guide 15 fr.), the 
Vordere and Hintere SpitzaXpelistock (9245' and 9852'; 21/2-3 hrs. ; 17 and 
30 fr.), the Bocktschiugel (10,000'; 3 hrs. ; 30 fr. ; difficult), the Clariden- 
stock (10,730'; 3-3V2 brs. ; 30 fr.), and the Catscharanls (10,045'; 4 hrs.; 
30 fr.). — Over the Clariden Pass to the Maderaner-Tal, see p. 156 (from 
the Clarida Hut to the Hotel Alpenclub 8 hrs.; guide from Linthal 35 fr.). 

From Linthal to Elm by the Richetli Pass (6V2 hrs. ; guide 10 fr.), see 
]). 102; through the Bisi-Tal to Muotatal (10 hrs.; guide 18 fr.), see p. 99. 

A road, at first ascending (view of the ^Fdtschbach Fall, see 
]). 93) and then level, leads from Linthal (one-horse carr. 6, two- 
horse 10, there and back 8 and 14 fr.) by the Auenguter (Pens. 
Freihof ; Clariden Inn) to the (SV/^ M.) Thierfehd (2680'; ^Hofel- 
Pe7is. Todi, June to mid-8ept., 35 beds at 2-21/2, D. 3, pens. e-GVgfr.), 


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from Liydhal. TODI. I- Ronte 22. 95 

a meadow surrounded by lofty mountains. On the latter part of the 
route we have a view (on the right) of the *Schreienbanh Water- 
fall (230' high), which the morning-sun tints with rainbow hues. 
Fine view of the falls of the Linth and of the Panten-Brucke from 
the Kdnzelij ^j^ hr. from the inn (rough path). 

A few paces from the inn a bridge crosses the Linth, beyond 
which a good path ascends for 25 min., then turns a corner, and, 
traversiiig a short tunnel, reaches (5 min.) the *Panteii-Brucke 
(3294'), 135' above the Linth, erected in 1903 above the ruined 
old bridge, amidst imposing scenery. On the right bank a path 
ascends the grassy slope to the (20 min.) *Ueli Alp (3612'), Avhich 
commands a superb view of the Todi. 

We return by the same path to the Hotel Todi; or we may retrace our 
steps about 39 yds. and ascend (guide-post) to the E. by an ill-defined 
forest-path to the (IV4 hr.) Lower Baunigarten Alp (5260'), high above 
the Thierfehd, with a magnificent view. We may descend a narrow and 
dizzy path (guide desirable, but not to be had at the Alp, which is usually 
deserted in summer), turning to the left 5 min. beyond the Baumgarten 
Alp, and skirting the precipice of the Tritt, to (1 hr.) Obbort (3425'; 
Sanatorium, pens. 4 fr.), and thence to the right via the Auengtlter to (1 hr.) 
Linthal. For persons subject to giddiness this excursion is preferable in 
the opposite direction: Linthal, AuengUter, Obbort, Baumgarten Alp, tTeli 
Alp, Panten-Brtlcke. • — A steep path leads to the E. from the Baumgarten 
Alp (guide to the Muttsee Hut 10 fr.) along abrupt grassy slopes to 
(IV4 hr.) the rocks of the Tor (6755'); then it bends to the right to (3/4 lir.) 
the Niischen Alp (7270'), and via the Muttemvmidli (red marks), ascends 
to (11/4 br., G-7 hrs. from Linthal) the Muttsee Hut of the S.A.C. (8170') 
on the Muttsee (8135'), amid grand environs. The hut is the starting-point 
for the Niischenstock (9500'; 17-2^^.; guide 15 fr.), RilcM (9355'; I3/4 hr. : 
16 fr.), Scheidstockli (9220'; 2 hrs. ; 20 fr.), Ruchi (10,190'; 21/2-3 hrs.; 20 fr.), 
ffansstock (10,340'; from the Ruchi across the icy arete in IV2-2 hrs. ; 25 fr.), 
and Mvtteiistock (10,140'; 3V2-4 hrs.; 20 fr.). The Bifertenfitock (11,240'), 
scaled \\\ the Kisten Pass and tlie E. arete in 8-9 hrs. (guide 45-50 fr.), 
and the Selbsanft (Hintere 9935', Mittlere 9625', Vordere 9020'), ascended 
via the Kisten Pass, the Limme7-n Glacier^ and Gries Glacier in 6-8 hrs. 
(guide 35-45 fr.), are very difficult. 

The *Upper Sandalp (6358'), 4 hrs. above the Thierfehd, is frequently 
visited on account of its grand situation (guide, not indispensa])le, 8 fr.). 
The path ascends beyond the (Va br.) Panten-Brllcke to the right and crosses 
the Liiitmcrn-Bacfi, which descends from a gorge. Farther on we ascend 
the )SatKlhach (crossing the stream twice) to the (1 hr.) Vordere Sandalp 
(4100'). The path crosses the Blferten-Bach at the (20 min.) Hintere Sand- 
aljj (43.30') and then ascends the steep and fatiguing slope of the Ochsen- 
hlanken, 1600' in height, where the Sand])ach forms a fine cascade. Lastly 
we recross to the left bank, where the brook pierces a rocky gorge, and 
reach the (2 hrs.) chalets of the Up,per Handaljy (al])ine fare and hay-beds 
in July and August). Finest view V2 J'^'- beyond the chalets. 

The Linth Valley ends with a magnificent group of snow-mountains. 
The giant of this group is the Todi or Piz Rusein (11,887'; from th(^ Tiiicr- 
fehd 10-11 iirs, ; difficult, for exp(!rts only ; guide 35 fr., two required for a 
single traveller), with its ])rilli?int snowy crest, ascended for the first time 
in 1824. The route from the (2 hrs.) Hintere Sandalp ascends steeply to 
the left through the Bifcrtm-Tal vifi the M(ir( nplanken to the (2'/^ hrs.) 
Fridolin Hut of the S.A.('. (7070'; provision-depftt) on the Bifert.en-ArlpeH, 
where the night mav l)e spent. \Ve thence ascend to the (1 hr.) Griinhorn 
llvt of the S.A.C. (8040') and Jilong the left side of tin; Hi fcrfen Glacier, 
croHsing the Schiieerunsc, a gully ex]»ose(l to ic(!-Hvalancln'« in the after- 

9() f.B.2:i. — 3Iap,p..94. FRUTTBEKG. From Linilml 

noon, and the Gelhe Wand, to the (4V'2-5 hrs.) summit. Maguiiicent view. 
We may descend by the Porta da Syescha (10,990'), between the Ph Mellcn 
(11,085') and Stockc/ron (11,215'), to the Val Eufiein and ((> hrs.) Disentis 
(p. 465; guide 45 fr.); or by the Porta da Gliems (10,655'), between the 
Stockgron and Piz Urlaiin (11,060'), to the Gliems Glacier; then over the 
Pimtaiglas Pass (9240') and the Puntaiglas Glacier to the Puntaiglas Club 
Hut and down the Val Puntaiglas to Trims (p. 464). 

Passes. From the Upper San'dalp a fatiguing route crosses the Sand- 
firn and the Sandalp Pass (W. gap of the Sandgrat 9120'; E. gap 9210') 
to Disentis in 7-8 hrs. (p. 465; guide 30 fr.); another, laborious but inter- 
esting, crosses the Platsuka Pass (9645') to the (8 hrs.) Hotel Alpencluh 
in the Maderaner Tal (p. 155; guide 35 fr.). 

From Linthal over the Kisten Pass to Ilanz, 13 hrs. (guide to 
Brigels 27 fr.), fatiguing but interesting. Ascent by the (3 hrs.) Bauin- 
garten Alp to the (3 hrs.) Muttsee Club Hut (p. 95). Thence via the 
Mntten Alp, the Lattenfirn, and the Kistenband, high above the Lihime7'7i- 
Tal and opjjosite the 8elbsanft and Bifcrte7istock (with the Gries and 
Limniern Glaciers), to the (IVa hr.) Kisten Pass (8946'), between the 
KistenstdckU (9920') and the Piz da Dartgas (9135'). Descent to the Val 
Frisal, by the Alp Ruhi to (3 hrs.) Brigels (p. 463), and thence either to 
the left to (2V2 hrs.) llanz (p. 462), or to the right via Schlans to (2 hrs.) 
T)'uns (p. 464). 

23. From Linthal to Altdorf via the 
Klausen Pass. Schachen Tai. 

30 M. Diligence (8 seats; no extra-carriages) twice daily in summer: 
once direct, in 9 hrn., with 55 min. halt at Urnerboden and 1/4 hr. at 
Urigen ; once stopping for the night at Urigen. Fare 12 fr. 45, coupe 
14 fr. 95 c. One-horse carriage to Altdorf 45, two-horse 75 fr., and 10 per 
cent gratuity.— -The *Klausen Road, one of the most beautiful mountain- 
roads, was constructed in 1893-99 at a cost of 4,140,000 fr., to connect the 
upper part of Canton G-larus with the St. Grotthard Railway and the Lake 
of Lucerne. It forms a very attractive drive and from Urnerboden to 
Unterschachen is also well adapted for walking (from Linthal to Urner- 
boden 31/2? Klausen 2, Urigen 13/4, Altdorf 21/2 hrs.), but it is forbidden 
for motor-cars. Walkers from Linthal should go to the (V2 hr.) Lower 
Fatschbach Fall (p. 93) and ascend thence to the (8 min.) Klausen road, 
about 7 min. below the Ramis Inn (see below). 

Linthal (2168'), see p. 93. The diligence starts from the station 
and stops at the (^2 M.) post-office in the village. The road leads 
across the Linth to Ennetlinth (p. 93) and ascends in a sweeping 
curve along the rocky slope, passing through tunnels and galleries 
(charming glimpses of the valley). Beyond the second gallery is a 
path descending to the Lower Fat schhach Fall (p. 93). The road 
then ascends in long windings (short-cuts for walkers) , over the 
grassy slopes of the Fruttberg , to (2 M.) the Rdmis Inn (2885') 
and the (^j^ M.) Bercfli Inn. A guide-post on the left indicates the 
path to the (3 min.) beautiful '^Middle Fatschbach Fall ('Bergli- 
Stilber', p. 93). AVe next reach (4^2 ^0 the diligence-station of 
Fruttberg (3445'; *H6t. Post, R. IV2-2, pens. 41/2-5 fr.), at the foot 
of th'e Riedstdckli (6070') , whence we enjoy a fine retrospect of 
the Riichi, Scheidstockli, and Hausstock; to the left, in the gorge, 
is the Upper Fatschbach Fall ('Hell-Stuber'). The footpath 


to Altdorf. KLAUSEN PASS. Map, p. .04. ~L R.28. 97 

diverging above the Bergli inn and passing the Somienherg Restaur- 
ant^ without touching Fruttberg, is a short-cut. From Fruttberg 
the road ascends gently over the Fruttlauihoden^ along the slopes 
of the Fritter a, partly through wood, in windings (at the upper- 
most the path to Braunwaid mentioned on p. 94 diverges to the 
right, 1^2 ^r.) to the (1^/4 M.) boundary (obelisk) between Giarus 
and Uri, where the Scheidbdchli (4290') descends from the right. 
The Urner Boden, a grassy and at places marshy valley, 41/0 M. 
long, watered by the Fdtsclibach, now begins. It is bounded on 
the N. by the jagged Jdgernstdcke and Mdrenberge, culminating 
in the Ortstock (8923'), and on the S. by the glaciers and snow-fields 
of the Clariden (10,730'). About 11/2 M. from the frontier of Uri 
vv^e pass the inn Zy,r Sonnet and Y2 ^- farther on the inn JZum 
Klausen. We then reach the diligence-station of {^j^ M.) — 

9 M. Urnerboden (4555'; Hot.-Pens. Tell & Post, May-Nov., 
50 beds, R. 2'72-3, B. 174, D. 3, pens. 5-8 fr. ; Alpenrosli, Urner- 
boden^ both plain), with the chalets of Spitelruti and a chapel. 

Excursions. G-emsfayrenstock (9758'), by the Fisiten Pass and 
the Gemsfayren-Joch in 6-BV2 hrs. (guide 22-25 fr.) , troublesome (comj). 
p. 94). — Leckistock (8145'), by the Flrnenloch (see below) in 3^2-4: hrs. 
with guide (15 fr.), fatiguing; the descent may be made through the Bruhl- 
kehle to the Glattensee (p. 99). — Via the Firneuloch (7355') to (7 hrs.) 
3r?f0tatal, laborious (guide 15 fr.) ; the descent froin the pass to the Gival- 
ppten Alp in the Bisital is very steep and requires a steady head (see p. 99). 

The road traverses the pasture for ^/^^ M. more, and beyond the 
Waldhilttli ascends in bold curves through the w^ild rocky cauldron 
of the Klus, with its waterfalls, to the chalets of Vorfrutt (I5Y4M.) 
(5945'; rfmts.) and the (I41/2 M.) Klausen Pass (6437'), at the 
foot of the curiously shaped Mdrcherstockli (7815'). Beyond the 
pass the path to the Balmwand and Aesch (see below) diverges to 
the left. The road gradually descends via the Bodraer Alp to the 
""'Hotel Klausen-Fasshohe (6030'; 60 beds at 2V2-3, B. 1 V4, D. 37^, 
pens. 8-10 fr.), with a beautiful view of the Clariden, Kammlistock, 
Scheerhorn, Griesstock, Windgallen, and Uri-Kotstock. 

AscKSTs. The Schachentaler Windgalle (9095'), ascended fjoni 
the Klausen Pass by the RuoHalpci- Knlni (see p. 98) in 4 hrs., or from 
Unterschachen by the Mettien Alp in 51/2 hrs. (guide 20 fr.), is an interest- 
ing scramble for steady-headed mountaineers. — Griesstock (8746'), by 
the Kaininli Alp in 4 hrs. (guide 12 fr.), interesting and not difficult. — 
Gross-Scheerhorn (10,815'), by the Kammli-fMcke (9344') in 5-«> hrs. 
(guide 25 fr.), laborious l)ut highly interesting; magnificent view. - 
Kammlistock (](),(;2i') , by the Kammli-l.Ucke in 5 hrs. (guide 25 fr.), 
fatiguing. CI aridenstock (10,730'), by the Kammli-Lilcke in (j'/a;? hrs. 
(guide 25 fr.), or for experts by the N. ice wall (iron ladder 50' high) in 
4-41/2 brs. (guide 40 fr.j, difiicult but very interesting, (.'omp. p. 15(1. 

KroM) the Hotel Klausen-Passhohe the road sweeps round to 
the right to the (1 M.) Upper Balw Alp (5795'j. 

Walkers to UnterHcliilchen save al)0ut '/« hr. by taking IIk; footpath 
indicatcMl above, which Icjids to ("/a lir.) the Lotrcr lialui (.M'.HO') and then 
dcHcends the stctcjj slojxts of the lialnurand to Iht; C/vs •"'•) -'^h^ AcHCli 
r4()<;0': Hot el Stilubi, plain but good). Fine view *•[" i\\v. im posing ^St^ufwr 

98 hR.23. Map,v.94. UNTERSCHACHEN. 

Waterfall. We then descend the left bank of the impetuous Schdcheiwac/i, 
and liually cross this torrent at ScJiioanden to (1 hr.) Unterschdchen. 

Farther on the road runs high up on the N. side of the wooded 
Schachen-Tal, commanding splendid views. After threading the 
Seelital Tunnel (126 yds. long) we reach (-i^/^ M.) — 

20 M. Urigen (4200'; '^' Hot el- Pens. Posthaus, open June 1st 
to Oct. 1st, 70 beds at 172"^? ^- 3? pens. 6-8 fr.), in a charming 
situation. About ^^g ^- ^^ the S.W. is the picturesque chapel of 
Gofschwller, with an altar-piece by D. Calvaert (footpath hence 
to Spiringen, see below, ^/4 hr.). The road winds down to — 

22\/2 M. Unterschachen (3260'; '^Hot.-Pens. Klausen, 
60 beds, E. 2-3, B. V/^^ D. 3, pens. 672-7V2 f i'- 5 Alpenrose, pens. 
5Y2-6V2 f^'-: unpretending but good), with 619inhab., finely situated 
near the mouth of the Brunni-Tal, at the head of which rises the 
Grosse Ruehen with its glaciers. 

Excursions (guide , Adelrich Arnold). — Schdchentaler Windgdlle 
(9095'), 51/2 hrs. , see p. 97. — The Grosse Ruchen (10,290'), via the 
Bfunni Alp and 'he RucTikehlen Pass (8854') in 7 hrs. (guide 20 fr.), 
trying: grand panorama. — Hoh-Faulen (8260'), via the Br 11 mil Alp a,nd 
GricMal Alp in 5 hrs. (guide 12 fr.), not difficult. The descent may he 
made to (31/4 hrs.) Erstfeld or to (SVa hrs.) Biirglen (p. 142). — Via the 
Kinzig Vass (G810') or the Ruosalper Kulm (7125') to (7 hrs.) Muotatal 
(guide 15 fr.), see p. 99. — Via the Seeicliyrat to Amsteg, see p. 144. To 
the Maderaner-Tal via the Buchkehlen Pass (8790'), the Scheerhoom- 
Griggeli Pass (9180'), and the Kammli-IAlcke (9344'), three difficult passes; 
see pp. 156, 157. 

A good road descends the valley via (24^2 M.) Spiringen (3035'; 

St. Anton Inn, well spoken of), Weiterschwanden, and Trudelingen, 

to Lmrto-Burgeln (3125'; Gisler's Kinzigpass Inn, pens. 5-6 fr.), 

crosses the Schachenbach, and leads to (28^/2 M.) BUrglen (p. 142) 

and thence via (291/4 M.) Altdorf{p. 141) to (30 M.) Alidorf Station 

(electric tramway in 13 min. to Plilel en, p. 123). 

24. From Scliwyz to Glarus over the 


11 hrs. Diligence from Schwyz to (6V4 M.) Muotatal thrice daily in 
IV2 hr. (1 fr. 25 c); carr. 9, with two horses 14 fr. (from Brunnen 12 and 
20 fr.). Also motor-omnibus from Brunnen und Schwyz to Muotatal (Holl- 
Loch). From Muotatal a narrow road ascends to (8M.) Himmelbach, whence 
a bridle-path leads over the Pragel to (21/4 hrs.) Richisau (guide, 15 fr., un- 
necessary). It is preferable to visit the Klontal from G-larus (see p. 92). 

Schwyz, see p. 140. The road ascends to the S. through orchards 
and meadows, and in a wooded ravine at the foot of the Giehel (3010') 
reaches the Muota, in its deep rocky bed. Opposite, to the right, 
is Oher-Sclmnenhuch, upon which the French were driven back by 
Suvorott' in 1799. From a sharp bend in the road, 3 M. from Schwyz, 
a road descends to the right in 4 min. to the *Suvor off Bridge in 
the Muota ravine, which was contested by the Russians and the 
French for two days. About ^2 ^^- fj^i'ther on, to the right (guide- 

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MUOTATAL. /• Routa 24. 99 

post), the Muota forms n fine waterfall. Beyond (4^0 M.) Hied 
(1855' ; Adler)^ on the left, is the pretty fall of the Gstiibtbach. At 
(3/4 M.) Follmis (1900') we cross the Muota and pass the Mettel- 
bach Fall in the Kesseltobel. Then (1 M.) — 

674 M. Miiotatal (1995' ; pop. 2221 ; ^Hot.-Pens. des Grotfes, 
E. 1 V2-3, D. 3, pens. 5-7 fr. ; Hirsch, R. IV2-2, D. 2V2, pens. 4-6 fr., 
good; Krone; Post), the chief village of the valley, with the 
Nunnery of St. Joseph, founded in 1280, Suvoroff's headquarters 
in 1799 (memorial tablet on the school-house). 

Near Stalden (see below), V2 ^i'- 'to the E. of Muotatal, on the left 
bank of the Starzlenbach, is the Holl-IjOch, a huge cavern discovered 
in 1899, made accessible in 1906 and lighted by electricity (open from 15th 
April to 15th Oct.; adm. 2, members of the S.A.C. 1 fr.). From Stalden a 
good path ascends the rocky gorge of the Ilollbach to the entrance of 
the grotto, which with its numerous branches extends far into the heart 
of the mountain. Duration of visit, 1 hr. 

Over the Ktnzig Pass to Altdorf, 8 hrs., fatiguing (guide, 15 fr., not 
indispcnsal)le). The path ascends the Huri-Tal, passing the chalets of 
Lijypiisbilhl and Wangi, to the_ (4-41/2 hrs.) Kinzig Kiilm (6810'), with a 
limited view of the Uri and Unterwald Alps and part of the Reusstal 
(bronze tablet commemorating Suvoroff's crossing of the pass in 1799). Then 
a rapid descent to the Schdchen-Tal (p. 98), Weiterschicanden, and JBurqlen 
(p. 142), or to the left to Spiringen or tfnterschiichen (p. 98). 

Through the Bisi-Tal to Stachelberg, 10 hrs., rough but attractive; 
guide necessary. Carriage-road (diligence to Schwarzenbach daily in IV4 hr.) 
through the narrow Bisi-Tal, watered by the Muota, via (41/2 M.) Mettlen 
(guide J. F. Mettler) to (IV^ M.) Schtcarzenbach (3153'; inn), with a line 
fall of the Muota; steep path thence to the left to the (3 hrs.) Alp Melch- 
hcrg (6293'); then across the dreary Karren Alp, between the Kirchberg 
and Faulen (p. 94), and down via Braumcald (p. 94) to (41/2 hrs.) Stachel- 
berg. — Another and more interesting route is the following (9V2-IO hrs., 
with guide). From Schwarzenbach follow the road in the valley to the 
(5 hr.) chalets of Sahli (3810'), opposite the *Waldibach Fall, the finest 
waterfall in Central Switzerland ; ascent thence to the left to the (2 hrs.) 
Glatt Alp, with the pretty blue Glatten-See (6090') , surrounded by lofty 
cliffs, and to the (3 hrs.) top of the Or^tstock or SilberstocJc (8923'; p. 94); 
descent via i\\Q Brdch Alp to (3-3V2 brs.) Stachelberg. — From the Waldi- 
})ach Fall we may also ascend to the right over the Waldi Alj) and Rvos 
Alp to the (3 hrs.) *Ruo8alper Kubn (7125'), with a splendid view, and 
descend to the Klausen road and to (2 hrs.) Untergchdchen (p. 98); or we 
may continue to follow the valley from the Waldibach Fall to the Gwal- 
peten Alp (5110') and then ascend (very steep) over the FirnenJoch (7355') 
to (41/2 hrs.) the Urver Boden (p. 97). 

To Sisikon through the Riemenstaldeii-Tal and over the Katzenzagel 
(4888'), 7 hrs. (unattractive; comp. p. 122). 

Tlic narrow road to the Pragel turns to the left into the valley 
of i\\v, Starzlenbach, crosses the stream at (l^g ^•) Stalden (2190'; 
Inn zum Pragelpassj, near the mouth of the Hollbach (see above), 
and ascends, partly through wood, and alibrding fine retrospects, to 
the (4^2 M.) Riedmattli (inn). It terminates for the ])rosenl at 
the ''2 M.) chalets of Uimmelbarh (4200'), whence a stony l)ridl('- 
path ascends over the Gutental-Boden (with tablet in memory of 
Suvorofi^s retreat in 1799, see above) to the i^j^ hr.) chalels on the 
marshy top of the Prugel (5060'j. 

102 /. R' 25. — Maps, p. 90, 458. ELM. 

laudslip, aud the Raniinbach, and asceud the wild gorge of the Tschingeln- 
bacJi, which forms picturesque falls, to the Tschingeln Alp; then mount 
steep stony slopes and rock to the (5-6 hrs.) Segnes Pass (8616'), lying to 
the S.W. ot' the Piz Segnes (ascent in 2 hrs., see p. 101). To the right rise 
the jagged Tschingelhomier or Mannen (9350'), pierced by the Martinsloch 
(8648'), a hole through which the sun shines on the church of Elm twice 
a year. We descend the short but steep Segnes Glacier (easy, except in 
the absence of snow, when rope and ice-axe are useful) to the (IV4 hr.) 
Segnes Hut (7120'), on the Alp Platta, then by a steep path, afterwards 
better, to the Flimser Alpen, and past a fine waterfall (to the left the huge 
Flimser Stein, p. 460) to (2 hrs.) Flims (p. 459). 

To Ilanz over the Panixer Pass, 9-10 hrs. (guide to Panix 20 fr., 
not indispensable), fatiguing. A road ascends the left bank of the Sernf 
from Elm by Hinter-Steinihach to the {^U l^r.) Erbser-Brilcke (3727'); V2hr. 
farther up, at Wallenbrugg, we cross the Sernf and ascend to the left 
by a steep path (recently improved) to the chalets of the Jdtzalp {Im Loch, 
4822'; Ober-Stafflel , .5587'). We next cross the Walenboden and traverse 
the snow-couloir of the Gurgel, at the base of the Rinkenkopf (8620'). 
Farther on we traverse a tract of debris (with a small tarn on the left) 
and reach the (3V2-4 hrs.) Panixer Pass {Cuolm da Pignieu; 7897'), with 
a refuge-hut and two tablets commemorating Suvoroff's retreat on 5-lOth 
Oct., 1799. To the left rises the Rotstock (8615'; ^/^hr., see p. 101); to the 
right are the Ruch-Wichle7iberg (9186') and the Hausstock (ascent from 
the pass in 3V2-4 hrs., see p. 101), with the Meer Glacier. Descent over the 
Meer Alp and the wild Ranasca Alp to (2V2 hrs.) Panix (4334'; Panixer 
Pass Inn, well spoken of) and via Ruis to (2 hrs.) Ilanz (p. 461). — Another 
route, fatiguing and uninteresting, crosses the Sether Purka (8565'). 
It diverges from the Panix route to the left, by the tarn above mentioned, 
and ascends steeply to the pass, between the Rotstock and the Vorab 
(ascent of the latter from the pass in 2 hrs., see pp. 101, 460). Descent 
by the Ruscheiner Alp and the Sether Tobel to (9 hrs.) Ilanz (p. 461). 

To Weisstannen by the Foo Pass, 6V2-7 hrs., rough (guide 10 fr.). 
Up the N. side of the deep gorge of the Raminbach, chiefly through wood, 
to the Ramin Alp, and thence via 3Iatt (6180') to the (3V;r4 hrs.) Foo Pass 
(7290'), which affords a fine though limited view. Then down by the Foo 
Alp and Unter-Siez Alp (4377') to the Seeztal and (3 hrs.) Weisstannen 
(p. 61). — From the Foo Alp via the Scheibe Pass (8530'), to the E. of the 
Vordere Scheibe, to the Sardona Club Hut (p. 91), rather difficult. 

To Vattis over the Sardona Pass, 11-12 hrs., difficult, but interesting 
(guide 30 fr.). From Elm we follow the S. side of the deeply cut Ramin- 
Tal to the Falziiber Alp, and then proceed over slopes of debris and 
through a rocky couloir to the Sauren Glacier and the Saurenjoch (ca. 
9380'), between the Piz Segnes and the peak marked 3013 on the Siegfried 
Map. Beyond the col we traverse the neve of the Segnes Glacier to the 
Sardona Pass (9315'). We then descend across the Sardona Glacier to 
the Sardona Club Hut (7350'; p. 91) and through the Calfeisen-Tal to St. 
Martin (4433') and Vattis (p. 90). Either the Piz Segnes (10,175') or the 
Piz Sardona (10,020') may be easily combined with this route. — Over 
the Haibutzli Pass to Vattis, 10 hrs., fatiguing (guide 17 fr.). From the 
(3V2 hrs.) Foo Pass (see above) we first descend to the Obere Foo Alp, 
then ascend to the right through the Mutten-Tal to the basin of the Hai- 
butzli, with its small tarn (769.^'), and thence to the right again to the 
(3 hrs.) Haibutzli Pass (ca. 8100'), a depression of the Muttentaler Ch'at. 
Rough descent via the Flatten Alp and the Malanser Alp to (2 hrs.) St. 
Martin in the Calfeisen-Tal and (2 hrs.) Vattis (p. 90). 

To LiNTHAL (p. 93) by the Richetli Pass (7425'), 7 hrs., with guide 
(10 fr.), not difficult; *View of the Hausstock, Vorab, and G-larnisch. De- 
scent by the Durnach-Tal. 




26. From Zurich to Zug and Lucerne 105 

i. Via Thalwil 105 

Albishorn. Zimmerberg. Stalactite Caverns in the Holl, 
105. — Excursions from Zug: Felsenegg and Schonfels. 
Schonbrunn. Menzingen. ^geri-Tal, 106. 

ii. Via Affoltern 107 

Hansen. Albisbrunn, 108. 

27. Lucerne and Environs 108 

From Lucerne to Kriens. Sonnenberg, 114. — Hergis- 
wald. Eigenthal, 115. 

28. Lake of Lucerne 115 

Weissenfluh, 117. — From Beckenried to Seelisberg. 
Niederbauen. Oberbauen. Buochser Horn, 118. — Rigi- 
Hochfluh. Vitznauer Stock. Seelisberg. Schwendifluh, 
119. — Axenfels. Morschach. Axenstein. Stoos. Fron- 
alpstock, 121. — Riemenstalden-Tal. Rofaien. Ross- 
stock. Liedernen, 122. — Isental. Schonegg Pass. Rot- 
gratli. Uri-Rotstock. Gritschen, 123, 124. 

29. The Rigi 124 

From Vitznau to Rigi-Kulm, 125. — From Arth-Groldau 
to Rigi-Kulm, 126. — From the Kaltbad to Rigi-Scheid- 
eck, 129. 

30. From Lucerne to Alpnachstad. Pilatus .... 130 

Burgenstock, 130. — From Stansstad to Sarnen, 131. 

31. From Zug and Lucerne to Arth-Goldau 134 

i. From Zug to Arth-Goldau. Lake of Zug . . . 134 
ii. From Lucerne to Ktissnacht and Arth-Goldau . 134 

32. From Zurich via Wadenswil to Arth-Goldau. Ein- 
siedeln 136 

Feusisberg. Etzel. Hutten. Gottschalkenberg, 136. — 
From Einsiedeln to Schwyz over the Hacken, 137. — 
Iberg. The Schlagstrasse. Rossberg, 138. 

33. From Lucerne to Bellinzona. 8t. Gotthard Railway 139 

Goldau Landslip, 140. — Mythen, 141. — BUrglen. Ross- 
stock. Belmeten. Hoh-Faulen , 142. — Erstfelder-Tal. 
Bristenstock. St. Gotthard Road from Amstcg to 
Goscheuen, 143. Seewligrat. Fellital. Crispalt, 144. — 
Pizzo Rotondo. Passo del Sassi. From Airolo to 
DiHOntis through the Val Piora, 146. 

34. From Goschonon to Airolo over the St. Gotthard . 149 

The GoHchenen Valley. Passes to Realp , the Trift 
Glacier, and the Steinalp. Sustenhorn. Fleckistock, 
150. -Gtitsch. Badus. Gurschenstock and Gainsstock. 
Kastelhorn, 162. — Lucondro Lake. Sorescia. Pizzo 
(Jentrale. Prosa; Fibhia, 1.54. PizOrsino; PizLucendro. 
Pizzo Rotondo. Orsino Pass. Lecki Pass, 154. 

Babokker, Switzerland. 24th Edition. 




35. The Maderaner-Tal 155 

Hiifi Glacier. Seelegg, 156. — Diissistock; Oberalpstock; 
Weitenalpstock ; Piz Cambriales ; Claridenstock; Kamm- 
listock; Scheerhom; Grosse Ruchen; Windgallen, etc. 
ClaridenPass; Planura Pass ; Kammlilucke ; Ruchkeblen 
Pass; Scheerhorn - Griggeli Pass; Brunni Pass; Krtizli 
Pass, 166-167. 

36. From Goschenen to the Rhone Glacier. The Furka . 157 

From Realp over the Cavanna Pass to the Val Bedretto. 
Tief en Glacier; Winterlucke, 158. — Furkahorn ; Blaii- 
berg; Muttenhorn; Galenstock. From the Furka over 
the Nageli's Gratli to the Grimsel Hospice, 159. 

37. From Lucerne to Engelberg 160 

Stanser Horn, 160. — Nieder- and Ober-Rickenbach, 161. 
— Excursions from Engelberg: Sch wand; Bergli; Fltih- 
matt; Bord; Horbistal; Tatschbach Fall and Herren- 
rliti; Lower Sureneu Alp; Arnitobel; Schwendli Alp; 
Gerschni Alp; Triibsee Alp; Ftirren Alp; Wand Alp; 
Rigidalstcck; Widderfeld; Hutstock; Hanghorn; Rot- 
sandnollen ; Engelberger Rotstock ; Uri-Rotstock ; Spann- 
ort; Wichelplankstock; Schlossberg; Titlis; Reissend- 
Nollen; Wendenstock, 163-165. — From Engelberg to 
Erstfeld over the Surenen Pass, the Schlossberg-Liicke, 
or the Spannorter-Joch ; to Wassen over the Grassen 
Pass; to the Steinalp over the Wenden-Joch, 165. 

38. From Lucerne over the Briinig to Meiringen and 
Brienz (Interlaken) 165 

Melchtal ; Kerns ; over the Storegg or the Juchli to En- 
gelberg; Hutstock; Nunalphorn. Excursions from Melch- 
see-Frutt, 166. — Schwendi-Kaltbad, 167. — Flueli-Ranft. 
Kleine Melchtal. Giswiler Stock, 168.— Wylerhorn, 169. 

39. From Meiringen to Engelberg. Engstlen Alp. Joch Pass 169 

From Reuti to the Engstlen Alp via the Baumgarten 
Alp, 170. — Excursions from the Engstlen Alp. Schaf- 
berg. Satteli. Melchsee-Frutt. Gwartler. Graustock. 
Hohmatt. RotsandnoUen. Hohenstollen. Tellistock. 
Titlis, 170, 171. 

40. From Meiringen to Wassen. Susten Pass . ". . . 172 

Trifttal. Excursions from the Trift Hut (Dammastock, 
etc.); over the Trift-Limmi to the Rhone Glacier; Furt- 
wang-Sattel and Stein-Limmi, 172. — Sustenhorn. From 
the Stein Inn over the Susten-Limmi or the Tierberg- 
Limmi to the Goschener Alp ; via Zwischen-Tierbergen 
to the Trift-Hiitte, 173. 

41. From Lucerne to Bern. Entlebuch. Emmen-Tal . 174 

Schwarzenberg. Farnbiihl-Bad. From Wolhusen to 
Langental, 174. — Schimberg Bad. From Schiipfheim to 
Fltihli. Sorenberg. From Fluhli via the Seewenegg to 
Sarnen, 175. — Schangnau. Kemmeriboden-Bad. Napf. 
Rtittihubel-Bad, 176. 

42. From Lucerne to Wildegg (Aarau). Seetal . . . 177 

Excursions from Hochdorf: Hohenrain; Horben; Ober- 
reinach, etc., 177. — From Hitzkirch to Wohlen by 
Fahrwangen. From Beinwil to Reinach and Munster; 
Homberg. From Boniswil to Fahrwangen; Bresten- 
berg, 178. 


26. Prom Zurich to Zug and Lucerne. 

i. Via Thalwil. 

36 M. Railway in IV3-2 hrs. (6 fr. 5. 4 fr. 26, 3 fr. 6 c); to Zug, 
18 M., in 44-64 min. (3 fr. 15, 2 fr. 20, 1 tr. 60 c.). — This is the shortest 
route from Zlirich to the St. Grotthard (to Arth-Goldau in 1 hr. 7 min.- 
1 hr. 42 min.; 4 fr. 86, 3 fr. 40, 2 fr. 45 c). 

To (71/2 M.) Thalwil (1436'), see p. 56. The line skirts the hill- 
side, crossing three viaducts and affording beautiful views of the 
lake. 9 M. Oherrieden-Dorf ; IO1/2 M. Horgen-Oherdorf (1598'). 
The train penetrates the Horgenherg by means of a tunnel 1^2 ^^• 
long and crosses the Sihl. — 12^/2 M. Sihlbrugg (1696'; Krone, 
R. 2-272) B. 1, D., with trout, 3 fr., good, old stained glass for sale; 
Restaurant Waldhaus)^ the junction of the Sihltal railway (p. 55). 

From Sihlbrugg the *Albishorn (2998') may be ascended by an easy 
l^ath through wood in IV2 hr., via Ober-Albis ; beautiful view of the Lake 
of Zurich and the High Alps (inn on the top). — Walkers will find their 
account in the charming route from Horgen (p. 56) to Sihlbrugg by the 
HoRGER Egg (2 hrs.). The road winds up to (2 M.) Widenbach, about 
V4 M. to the right of which rises the *Ziniinerberg (2636'), commanding 
a beautiful view of the Lake of Ztlrich (E.), the deej) and sombre valley 
of the Sihl (W.), the Lake of Zug, and the Alps (S. ; Mythen, Rigi, and 
Pilatus especially prominent). About 1/2 ^I- beyond Widenbach the road 
attains its highest point, the Hirzel-Hohe (2416'; inn; view), whence it 
descends to {^U hr.) the village of Sihlbrugg (1804'), V^U M. to the S. of 
the station (see above), on the road to (3 M.) Baar (see below). 

The train passes through the Alhis Tunnel, 2 M. long; on the 
left rises the wooded rocky hill of the Baarburg (2180'). We 
cross the Lorze (p. 107). — 16^/4 M. Baar (1463' ; pop. 5213 ; Hot. 
St. Gotthard, at the station, E. 172"^ 5 ^- ^ f^-i Lindenhof) 
moderate; Krone; Schwert)^ a large village in fertile environs, 
with an old church and cotton and other factories. 

In the wild valley of the Lorze^ 2V2 M. to the E. of Baar, are the 
interesting *Stalactite Grottoes in the Holl (one-horse carr. in Va l^r., 
there and back 4-5 fr.). The two grottoes (the Adlerhohle and 160' above 
it the Bdrenhohie) each consist of a series of smaller caverns and abound 
in magnificent stalactite formations of various shapes, besides stalagmites. 
Adm. to each grotto 1 fr., both grottoes I'/a fi'- ; tickets at the Restaurant 
zur Gr(jtte^ 5 min. from the entrance. From the Holl routes lead to 
(2 M.) Hchonhrunn (p. 106) and via the Tobel-Briicke and Moosrank to 
(3 M.) Zug. 

Motor-cars from Baar to Zug (1/4 hr.) and to Menzingen (p. 106; ^U ^r.), 
five times daily, see p. 106. 

Farther on we traverse the fertile plain of Baar to — 

18 M. Zug.— Hotels: *Lowe, on the lake, R. 2-5, B. IV4, I).2-3, 
pens. 6-9 fr. ; Ochs, R. 2-3, B. IV4, IX 27a, P^nR- ^>-^ fi- ; Hiksch, R. 2-4, 
B. IV4, I). 3, pens. 6-10 fr. ; Hotki. Bahnhof, R. 2-2^1.^, B. IV4, L. 2, D. 2V8, 
|)ens. 6-8 fr. ; Sciiweizekhof, pens. 6-8 fr., Zimjkkhof, good, pens. 6-8 fr., 
botli at the station; Hotki. Rioi, on the lake, R. 2-3, li. IV4, '>• '^^It-, 
]»enH. 5'/a-6 fr. ; Schiff. — Pkns. Wai.dhkim (6-8 fr.) and Pkns. (Ji;<j(»ithai-, 
(5V2-7 fr.), both beautifully situated on the Zugerberg tramway, I'/aM. from 
the station. — Rail. RpMaurarit. 

Klkctkic Tramway (272 M. in lengtli, with a gradient of 30-17: 100) 
vi4 Schi'nieyy to tlie Zugar Brrg (p. 10<ij: to Schlincgg every '/a *»i- JD 

106 11. Ii.26\--Map,p.56\ ZtTG. Prom Zurich 

25 mill. ; cable-railway thence to IScMnfels in 13 min. (fare to Schonegg 
30 c, Zuger Berg 1 fr. 30 c, return 60 c. or 2 fr.). 

Official Enquiry Office in the grounds on the quay. 

Zug (1395'; pop. 8038), the capital of the small canton of that 
name, is beautifully situated on |the Lake j)f Zug (p. 134). The 
lower town, part of which was submerged by the lake in 1887, has 
fine Quays J with beautiful views of the lake, the Rigi, Pilatus, 
and the Bernese Alps. The Ohersfadt and Altstadt still retain a 
quaint and mediseval appearance, with their old houses and remains 
of fortifications (four substantial towers). In the Old JRathaus 
are a handsome Gothic room and an interesting Antiquarian Mu- 
seum (stained glass, wood-carvings, gold and silver ornaments, 
tapestry, and ancient captured weapons and flags, including a sash 
stained with the blood of its wearer Peter Collin, who fell at Arbedo 
in 1422; adm. 50 c). The Gothic Church of St. Oswald (15th cent.) 
contains choir-stalls of 1484, and the Church of the Capuchins 
an Entombment by Calvaert (d. 1619). The handsome Church of 
St. Michael, on a hill to the E., w^as erected in 1902 from Moser's 
designs. On the (^/4 M.) Rosenberg (1633'; good restaurant, with 
rooms) is the interesting Swiss Bee Museum. 

Environs. The Electric T7'amway mentioned on p. 105 intersects the 
town to the Kolin-Platz and gradually ascends, past the church of St. 
Michael and the Pensions Waldheim and Guggifhal (p. 105), to (1^/4 M.) 
Schonegg (1840'), whence a cable-tramway (1300 yds. in length) ascends 
to the top of the Zuger Berg, on Avhich are the Restaurant ScJwnfels, 
with terrace, the *Grand Hotel Schonfels (3075'; open June Ist-Oct. 1st, 
150 beds, R. 3-6, B. IV2, C 5, S. 4, pens. 9-12 fr.) and (about 5 min. 
to the S.) the *Kuranstalt Felsenegg (3130'; June Ist-Sept. 30th; 
120 beds, R. 3-6, B. IV2, !>• SVa-^j pens. 71/2-12 fr.), both with hydropathics, 
shady promenades, and splendid views (English Church Service in sum- 
mer). The Ilochwacht (3260'), 1/4 hr. to the N.E., commands a complete 
survey of the Alpine chain; below us, to the E., lies the Lake of -^geri 
(p. 107). Still finer is the view from the {^U hr-) *Ilorbach-Gut8Ch (3070'). 
— A red-marked path from Felsenegg ascends via the Zuger Aelpli (small 
inn) to the (2V2-3 hrs.) Rossberg {Wildspitz, p. 138). — From the Zuger- 
berg to Unterageri (see below), road in li/4hr. 

About 7 M. to the E. of Zug (motor-car 4 times daily in 11/3 hr., via 
Baar, Hinterburg, and Edlibach; fare 1 fr. 30 c.) is the prettily situated 
village of Menzingen (2635'; Loive, pens, 4-5 fr., Nirsch, pens. 5-6 fr.), 
with a large school for girls; and 1 M. farther on is the "^Kurhaus 
Schloss Schwandegg (2770'; 66 beds, pens. 6-6 fr.), with pine-needle and 
other baths. Pleasant promenade (20 min.) to the pretty Finstersee and 
the fall of the Mllhlebach. — About 1 M. to the S.W. of Edlibach, on 
the hills above the Lorze (one-horse carriage from Zug 8, two-horse 
16 fr.), is the well-managed *Sch.onbrunn Hydropathic (2290'; 15th 
May to 16th Oct., 125 beds at 2-5, pens. 8-11 fr.), with sunny terrace and 
forest-walks, much frequented by French visitors. The view from the 
chapel (2330') extends as far as the Jura. 

JEgeri-Tal. A road (motor-car to Ober-^geri, 71/2 M., 4 times daily 
in IVa hr. ; fare 1 fr. 40 c.) ascends through a fruitful district via Moos- 
rank (path to the left to Schonbrunn and the Holl caverns , see p. 105) 
and Inketiberg to (.'i^/^ M.) Allenwinden (2320'). Thence it descends into 
the valley of the winding Lorze (on a hill on the other side of the 
stream is the nunnery and pension of Gubel , 2990') to (4Va M.) Neu- 
uEgeri, and past MUhlebach, with its cotton-factories, to (6V4M.) Unter- 

to iMCerne. CHAM. Map, p. 56. ~ II. R. 26. 107 

JEgeri (2395'; pop. 2600; *Kur?iaus Waldhei?n, pens. 6-7 fr. ; Hot. -Pens. 
Seefeld; Hot. Briicke, pens. 5-6 f r. ; JEgerihof, pens. 5-7 f r. ; Post; Kreuz ; 
Pens. Schotiivart, 6 fr.), a handsome industrial village on the JSgeri-See (see 
below), with a new Grothic church and lake-baths, also frequented as a 
health-resort. The road, flanked by pretty villas, skirts the lake to Mitten- 
JSgeri (Pens. Sommerau, 41/2-6 fr.) and (71/2 M.) the pleasant mountain- 
village of Ober--^geri (Lowe, R. IV2-2, pens. 5-6 Ir. ; Bdr ; Hirsch; 
Adler ; Ochs) , with lake-baths. To the Zuger Berg , road in 2 hrs., see 
p. 106; to the Gottschalkenberg (41/2 M.), p. 136. Between Unter-^geri 
and Ober-^geri, on the lake, are several sanatoria for children. — The 
*Bossberg (p. 138) is ascended irom Unter-^geri in 31/2 hrs.: road through 
the Hu7'i-Tal to the (IV2 hr.) Urzlenhoden, whence a narrow road leads 
via the Rossberg Alps to the top. 

On the idyllic JEgeri-See (2380'; 31/2 M. in length) a steamboat 
plies 6 times daily in summer from Unter-^geri in 3/^ hr. , past the 
stations of Ober-JEgerl and Ldndli, to Morgarten, at the S.E. end, 
which commands a picturesque view of the Uri - Rotstock , Kronte, etc.; 
omnibus thence to rail. stat. Sattel- ^geri (p. 138; 60 c). Near Mor- 
garten, to the W. , are the houses of Schorno, where on 16th Nov., 
1315, the Confederates in the Battle of Morgarten won their first victory 
over their Hapsburg oppressors commanded by Duke Leopold of Austria. 
A memorial chapel, containing a picture of the battle, was erected at 
St. Jakob, 1 M. from the S.E. end of the lake and 3/^ M. from Battel, in 
whicli an anniversary service is held on the day of the battle. New 
monument on a hill above the lake (1908). 

St. GottJuird Railway from Zug to Arth-Goldau, see p. 134. 

The train to Lucerne backs out of the station and skirts the 
flat N. bank of the Lake of Zug (p. 134), crosses the Lorze near 
its influx into the lake, and recrosses it at its efflux near (21^/2 M.) 
Cham (Babe; Bar), a village with a slender zinc-covered churcJi 
spire and a large factory of the Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Co. 
Pretty view of the lake to the left; on the hill above Zug are the 
Kurhauser; in the middle rises the Rigi; and to the right are the 
Stanser Horn, the Engelberg Alps, and Pilatus. — Beyond (24 M.) 
Rothkreuz (1410'; Bail. Best aur ant) , junction of the lines to 
Irnmensee (p. 139; 5 M., in 10 min.) and to Muri and Aarau (p. 31), 
we enter the valley of the Beuss. 2672 ^' Gisikon-Boot. Througli 
an opening to the left we survey the Rigi, from the Kulm to th»> 
Rotstock. 3072 M. Ebikon. To the right rises the wooded Hunds- 
riicken. The train skirts the Botsee, 1^/2 M. long, and crosses the 
H<.'uss. The line now unites with the Bale and Lucerne (p. 27) and 
the Lucerne and Bern lines (p. 174), and lastly passes through the 
tunnels under the Giitsch (p. 114) and the Schonheim hill. 

36 M. Lticerne, see p. 108. 

ii. Via Affoltern. 

43 M. Railway in 1 V,,-2»/4 hrs. (7 fr., 4 fr. 90, 3 fr. 60 c.). 

Zurich, see p. 44.-272 M. Allstetten (p. 30). To the left, the 
long Uetliherf) (p. 54), which the line skirts in a wide curve. 572^'- 
Urdorf; 8 M. Birrunisdorf. We ascend the pleasant Beppisch- 
Tal and pass through tin' Ktfeuhenj to (11 M.) Bunsfetten (1740'; 
JiOwe, good). To the right the Herriese Alps and IMlatus, and to llu 

108 II' Route 27. LUCERNE. Practical 

left, farther on, the Uri-Rotstock and the Titlis become visible. 
13V2M. Hedingen (1636'; Krone). — 151/2 M. Affoltern (1630'; 
Lowe, with garden, pens. 472-6V2 ^^'-5 Hot. Bahnhof; Albis), with 
the hydropathic establishments of Arche (pens. 4^4-572 fi'-) and 
Lilienherg (pens. 7-9 fr.) and the Sanatorium Lilienhof (pens. 
5-6 fr.). To the left, the Aeugster Berg (2723'); at its base, 
Aeugst and the Baths of Wengi. — 18 M. Mettmenstetten (1518') ; 
1^4 M. to the E., on the slope of the Albis, is the *Hot.-Pens. 
Paradies (2067'; pens. 4-6 fr.). 

Diligence thrice daily in 1 hr. to Hausen (1980'; Krone; Loive), at 
the W. base of the Albis, whence the Albishorn (p. 105) may be ascended 
in 13/4 hr. , via Ober- Albis. About 1/2 M- to the S.E. is the excellent 
Albisbrunn Hydropathic (2116'; 180 beds at 2-4, pens. 8-12 fr.), with 
beautiful grounds. Near Kappel, IV4 M. to the S., Zwingli was slain on 
11th Oct. , 1531 , in a battle against the Roman Catholic cantons (comp. 
p. 50). The spot is marked by a rock with German and Latin inscriptions. 

20 M. Knonau (1440'; Adler). Near Zug wc cross the Lorze, 
which descends from the AegeriSee (p. 107). 

25 M. Zug, and thence to (43 M.) Lucerne, see pp. 105-107. 

27. Lucerne and Environs. 

Railway Station, a handsome building on the left bank of the lake 
(PI. D, 4; *Restaurant, D. 3fr.), with the main custom-house. Exit to 
the steamboats on the right, to the town on the left. — The Steamboats 
to Fl Helen start from the rail, station (some of them also previously 
from the Schweizerhof Quay); the Alpnach boats start from both station 
and quay, the Ktlssnacht boats from the latter only. — In the busy season 
travellers arriving by steamer or railway with luggage cannot be sure 
of getting on by the corresponding train or boat unless they and their 
luggage are booked through to some station beyond Lucerne. If luggage 
is booked to Lucerne only, it is often impossible to reclaim it and get 
it rebooked in time. 

Hotels (visitors' ticket daily 25 c). On the right bank: *Schweizer- 
HOF (PI. 1; D, 3), 400 beds and 90 private baths, R. from 6, B. 2, L. 41/2, 
D. 6, pens, (after Sept. lOth) 11-12 fr. (band twice daily), and *Luzerner 
Hop (PI. 2; D, 3), May 15th-0ct. 1st, 200 beds, R. from 6, B. 2, L. 4, D. 6, 
pens, from 15 fr., both on the Schweizerhof Quav; *GrRAND Hotel National 
(PI. 3; E, 3), Q,uai National, 350 R. with 405 beds and 110 baths, R. from 
10, B. 2, L. 41/2, I>. 6, pens, (in the dependances) from 18 fr., band twice 
daily; *Palace Hotel (PI. pa; F, 3), at the E. end of the Quai National, 
April-Get., 250 R. with 320 beds and 120 baths, R. from 8, B. 2, L. 41/2, 
D. 6, pens, (not in the season) from 12 fr., band thrice daily; *H6t. 
Montana (PI. mo; F, 2), Adligenswiler-Str., in an elevated and open 
situation above the Palace Hotel (cable tramway from Palmenhof station 
in the Halden-Str.), April-Oct., 100 R. with 150 beds and 40 baths, R. 
from 5, B. l^/^, L. 5, D. 6, pens, from 12 fr. — *Swan & Rigi Hotel (PI. 10; 
D, 3), 180 beds, R. 4V2-1^V2, B- IV4, L. 31/2, !>• &, board 8V2 f r- ; *H6t. 
Beau-Rivage (PI. 4; F, 2), near the Kursaal, 145 beds, R. 4-8, B. 1^/4, L. 4, 
D. 5, pens, from 12 fr. ; *H6tel de l'Europe (PI. 5; Gr, 2), Halden-Str., 
220 beds, R. 4-10, B. 13/^, L. 4, D. 5, pens. 11-20 fr.; *H6t.-Pens. Tivoli 
(PI. 6 ; Or, 2), with garden and lake-baths, 160 beds, R. 4V2-IO, L. 4, D. 5, pens. 
12-25 fr.; *Hot.-Pens. Eden House (PI. 7; G, 2), April 1st -Oct. 15th, 
70 beds, R. 3V2-67 L. 3Va) ^- ^^Iv^i pens. 10-14 fr. ; *H6tel des Balances 
AND Bellevue (PI. 11; (J, 4), near the third bridge over the Reuss, 140 
beds, R. 4-8, B. 1^/4, L. 3Va, !>• 6j pens. 10-15 fr. — *UNi0N- Hotel 



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(PI. 12; D, E, 2), Lowen-Str. 16, 230 beds, R. 2V2-4, D. 31/2, S. 2V2, pens. 
71/2-^^ fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Pilatus au Lac (PL c; Gr, 2), Halden-Str. 53, March- 
15th-0ct. 15th, 50 beds, pens. 9-13 f r. ; *H6t.-Pens. Splendide (PI. a; Gr, 2), 
Halden-Str. 49, 70 beds, pens. 8V2-I5 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Belvedere (PL 8; 
F, G, 2), 90 beds, R. 4-10, B. IV2, L. 31/a, D. 4i/a, pens. 9-15 fr. ; *Royal 
Hot. & Pens. Kaufmann (PL b; Gr, 3), Gresegnetmatt-Str. 5, with view of 
the lake, 70 beds, pens, from 8V2 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Bellebive, Brunnhalde, 
45 beds, R. 2V2-4, L. 3, D. 31/2, pens. 7V2-IO f r. ; *Rebstock (PL 14; E, 
2, 3), with garden-restaurant, R. 21/2-31/2 , R- IV*? D. 21/2, pens. 7Va-9 fr., 
*H6t.-Pens. VrLLA Maria (PL 15; F, 2), R. 3-4, D. incl. wine 31/2, pens. 
71/2-10 fr., these two near the Hofkirche ; *Rossli (PL 16; C, 3), 130 beds, 
R. 21/2-31/2, B. 11/4, D. incl. wine 31/2, S. incl. wine 3, pens, from 8 fr. ; 
Hot. BRraiG (PL 13; D, 3), Grrendel-Str. 5, 50 beds at 2-3, D. incl. wine 3, 
S. 2, pens. 7-8 fr., well spoken of; *H6t. des Alpes (PL 17; D, 3), Rat- 
haus-Quai 5, 65 beds, R. 2i/a-4, B. I1/4, D. 31/2, pens. 8-10 fr. ; Hirsch (PL 21; 

C, 3), R. 2-3, D. 21/4, pens. 7-71/2 f r. ; Krone (PL 18; C, 3), R. 21/2-3, D. 3, 
pens. 6-8 fr. ; Abler (PL 20; C, 3), R. 2-31/2, pens. 7-8 fr. ; Croix Blanche 
(PL 23; 0, 3), R. I1/2-21/2, D. 21/2 fr. ; Raben (PL 24), Sonne (PL 26; well 
spoken of) , *Hot. du Pont (PL 26), Schiff (PL 27), *Pfistern (PL 28), 
EiDGENossiscHER HoF, HoT. DE LA ToDR, thesc all on the Rathaus Quay 
(PL C, 3, 4); EiNHORN (PL 29; D, 3), Hertenstein-Str., 35 beds, pens. 61/3- 
71/2 fr. : GrOLDNER LowE (PL 31 ; C, 3), Kapellgasse 22, R. 2-3, B. I1/4, D. 2, 
pens. 6-8 fr. ; Storch ( Ci^o^/i^ ; PL 32, C, 3), Kornmarkt, R. 2-21/2, D. I1/2-2 fr. 

On the left bank: *G-rand Hotel duLac (PL 34; D, 4), with bath-house, 
300 beds, R. 4-20, B. 12/4, L. 31/2, D. 5, pens. I21/2-28 fr. ; *H6tel St. 
Gotthard-Termincs (PL 35; D, 4), with restaurant, opposite the station, 
300 beds, R. 4-8, B. 1 fr. 60 c, L. 4, D. 5, pens, from 11 fr. ; *H6t. Mono- 
pole et Metropole (PL 36; D, 4), 240 beds, R. 4-8, B. 1 fr. 60 c, L. 4, 

D. 5, pens, from 12 fr. ; *H6tel Bristol (PL 38; D, 4), 120 beds, R. 3i/a-5, 
B. 11/2, L. 31/2, D. 4, pens. 11-14 fr. ; *Hotel Waldstatterhof & Savoy (PL 
37; D, 4), 130 beds, R. 31/2-6, B. I1/2, L. 31/9, D. 5, pens. 91/2-I5 fr. ; *H6tel 
Victoria & Angleterre (PL 39; C, 4), 150 beds, R. 4i/a-7, B. 1 fr. 60 c., 
L. 31/2, D. 5, pens. 11-14 fr. ; *H6t. Central (PL 41 ; C, 4), 50 beds, R. 2i/a-4, 

B. 11/4, D. 3, pens. 8-10 fr. ; Hot. Touriste & Riviera (PL tr ; D, 5), Central- 
Str. 28, 100 beds at 21/2-4, pens. 61/2-9 fr.; Helvetia (PL 56; C,5), Wald- 
statter-Str. 9, 70 beds, pens. 8-9 fr. ; these all near the station. — Less 
expensive: *Sauvage (PL 43; C, 4), 72 beds at 21/2-4, D. 31/2, pens. 7-10 fr. ; 
*Germania (PL q; D, 5), Sempacher-Str., 50 beds from 21/2-3, B. I1/2 fr. ; 
*Engel {Anqe; PL 44, B, 4), 100 beds at 2-4, B. I1/4 , D. 3, S. 21/4, 
pens. 6-10 f r. ; *Rutli (PL 45; B, 4), 130 beds at 2-31/2, B. I1/4, D. 3, 
pens. 8-10 f r. ; *H6t. du Nord (PL 46; D, 4), 80 beds, pens. 7i/a-10 fr. ; 
H6t. du Parc (PL 47; D, 4, 5), 50 beds, pens. 71/2-8 fr. ; Hot. Contint:ntal, 
Morgarten-Str. 4, 56 beds, pens. 7-9 fr. ; Bernerhof & Beau-Site (PL 48 ; 
D, 4), 70 beds at 21/2-4, B. I1/4, D. 3, pens. 7-8i/2fr. ; Hot. Simplon (PL 49; 
D, 6), 50 beds at 2-3, B. I1/4, D. 3, pens. 8-9 fr. ; *H6t. Jura (PL 52; 

C, 6), 72 beds at 21/2-3, B. I1/4, pens. 71/2-9 fr. ; H6t. Concordia (PL 50; C, 4), 
Theater-Str. 7, 65 beds at 2-3, B. 1 fr. 30 c. D. 3, pens. 61/2-9 f r. ; Hot. 
FuRKA (PL p; C, 4), Winkelried-Str. 7, 50 beds at 21/2-31/2, pens, from 
61/9 fr. ; Hot. Winkelried, Winkelried-Str. 26, 50 beds at 2-3, pens. 6- 
71/2 fr-; GoLDNER Stern (PL 53; (J, 4), Hirschengraben, 20 beds at 2-3, 
B. 1, D. 2 fr., good; Drei K()nige, Kloster-Str. 10, 40 beds at 2-4, pens. 
61/2-9 fr. ; Hoi-EL DE LA P08TE fPl. 51 ; C, 4), R. 2V2-3, L)- incl. wine 31/9 fr. ; 
Hak (PL 42; C, 4), Pfistergasse 8, 50 bods at 2-4, B. I1/4, D. 3, pens. 6'/2- 
8 fr. ; Bavaria, Sempacher-Str. .36, 40 beds at 2-31/9, 1). 3, pens. 6V2-8 f r. ; 
Hot. Bad (PL 54 ; B, 4), Burger-Str., bed 221/2, B. 1, pons. 6-7 fr. ; SchlOssel 
(PL 55; (J, 4), ;;0 beds at 2-3, B. IV4; H6t. Ruckli zuk KiuknhrOckk, 
PfiHtergaK«e 2, 20 beds at lVa-2>/2, pens. 6i/a-7 fr. 

Hotels gamia. *Schim-kk fPl. so; C, D, 4), Sempacher-Str. 4, 60 beds 
at 2«/2-4, H. 1 fr. '.',() c; *Ai-1'ina & Mf)i)ERNE Hotel (PL al ; I), 4), Franken- 
Str. 6, 105 beds at 2Vr4, B. 1 fr. 30c.; both near the raiL station; Alpkn- 
Ki.UH (PL as; B, 4), Basel-Str., with restaurant ScJinrizirhallt (p. 110). 

110 r I. Route 27. LUCERNE. Practical 

Pensions (generally open in summer only). Peiis. Richemont (PI. d ; 
Gr, 2), Gesegnetmatt-Str. 15 (7-11 fr.); Pens. Excelsior, Kurplatz (from 
7 fr.); Pens. Rhaetia, Adligenswiler-Str. (6-7 fr.); Pens. Villa Regina, 
same street 28a (7-10 fr.); Pens. Villa Ilera, above the Tivoli (7V2-12 fr.); 
Bie7iz (PL e; F, 2), above the Kursaal (6-7 fr.); Faller (PI. f ; F, 2), above 
the Beau-Rivage (7-8 fr.); Neu-Schiveizerhaus (PI. g, F, 2; 7V2-IO fr.); 
Pens. Terrasse (PI. te, J, 2; 772-15 fr.); Gijger (PI. h, F, 2; 7-10 fr.); 
Felsherg (PI. i, E, 2; 7i/a-12 fr.); Pens. Anglaise (6-8 fr.); Pens. Villa 
Sommerau (PI. 1; E, 1), Kapuzinerweg 15c, with hydropathic (temperance; 
pens. 7-9 fr.); Pe7is. Dreilinden & Palmiers (PL k; F, 2), at the Drei 
Linden (p. 114; 6Va-ll fr.); Pens. Villa Placida (8-10 fr.); Friedau (PL 0, E, 
2 ; 6-8 fr.), all loftily situated ; Pens. Villa Stacker, Musegg-Str. 19 (7-12 fi-.) ; 
Rothelin (PL n ; D, 5), Central-Str. (5-7 fr.) ; Brunner, Furrengasse 21 
(PL C, D, 3; 5-7 fr.); Schloss Bramherg (PL r; C, 2), to the N. above 
the town (51/2-8 fr.); *H6t.-Pens. Chateau Gutsch (PL s. A, 3, 4; 60 beds, 
R. 3Va-6, pens. 10-14 fr.), and Hot. -Pens. Wallis (PL t. A, 3; 45 beds, 
pens. 8-12 fr.), on the Gutsch (p. 114); Pens. Suter (PL u; A, 4), suitable 
for ladies (6-8 fr.); *H6t.-Pens. Schloss Wilhelmshohe (PL v; A, 4), on 
the E. slope of the Glitsch (pens. 5-7 fr.). Pens. Pilatusblick, near the 
balloon-hall (p. Ill; pens, from 5fr.); *Kurhaus Sonn-Matt (1968'), well 
situated near the wojd, 90 beds, pens, with medical treatment 121/2-20 fr. — 

* Hotel Sonnenberg , see p. 114, — Pens. Seeburg, Hot.- Pens. Hermitage, 
and Pe)is. Schonau, on the Meggen road; *Pens. Waldhaus Ob err Uti {ld&8' -, 
pens. 6-8 fr.), 2 M. from Lucerne, IV2 M. from Horw (p. 166); Pe7is. St. 
Niklausen snid Kastanienbaum , on the lake (p. 130). — Furnished Rooms 
at Alpen-Str. 7; Seehof-Str. 7, Stadthofgasse 6, etc. 

Restaurants at most of the hotels. Also: "^Railway Restaurant; 

* Grill Restaurant National, in the Kurplatz; Stadthof (PI. E, 2; band in 
the evening, adm. 1 fr.); Kursaal, see below; Stadtkeller, Sternen-Platz 3, 
with terrace (band in the evening) ; Restaurant Flora, near the station ; 
Schweizerhalle (p. 109), on the Reuss; Seefeld, Halden-Str. 22, with garden 
on the lake; Vieniia Caf4, Lowen-Str. 6; Walhall, Theater-Str. (temper- 
ance). — Beer. Ldtvengarten, near the Lion Monument; Rosengarten, 
Grendel-Str. ; Muth, Ztlrich-Str. 3 (PL D, 2); Stadt Miinchen, near the 
Hotel des Balances; Dubeli, Furrengasse 14; Seidenhof, on the left bank 
of the Reuss. — Confectioners. Huguenin, Alpen-Str. 3; Excelsior, Kur- 
platz ; Patisserie du Lion, Lowen-Str. 13, near the Luzerner Hof ; A. Gehrig, 
Bahiihof-Str. 7; ZiniTnermann-Hofer, next door to the Swan Hotel. 

Kursaal (PL F, 3), on the Quai National, with reading, concert, and 
ball rooms, restaurant, theatre (at 8.30 p.m. ; seats 2-4 fr.), and garden. 
Concerts daily, from 5.15 to 6 (50 c.) and at 8.30 p.m. (1 fr.). — Open-air 
concerts in the Kurplatz (PL E, 3), in fine weather daily 10.30-11.15 (Sun. 
11-12) and A-A.4b. -Kui'karte, valid for 7 days, with reduced prices for 
most of the sights, steamboats, etc., 1 fr. 75 c. 

Panorama of the French army entering Switzerland in Jan., 1871, by 
E. Castres, in the Lowen-Platz (p. 112; adm. 1 fr.). — Alpineum (PL D, 2; 
Swiss landscapes, by E. Hodel; views from the Gornergrat, Eismeer 
station, etc.) near the Lion of Lucerne (p. 112); adm. 1 fr. 

Baths on the Quai National (PL F, 3); swimming 20, separate bath 
40 c. (towels extra). Municipal Lake Baths on the Alpen Quay (PL J, 5), 
swimming 15 c. Lake-baths also near the Tivoli (p. 108). Warm baths at 
the Hotel du Lac (p. 109) and at Felder's, Spreuer-Briicke (PL B, 3). 

Post, Telegraph, and Telephone Office (PL D, 4), near the 
railway-station ; open 7 or 8 a.m. to 8 p.m., on Sun. 9-12. Five branch-offices. 

Cabs. Drive in the town, 1-2 pers. 1 fr., 3-4 pers. 1 fr. 50 c. By 
time, for V2 br. 1-2 pers. 2 fr., 3-4 pers. 2 fr. 50 c. ; 3/4 hr. 2 fr. 50 and 3 fr. 
50 c. ; 1 hr. 3 and 4 fr. ; every V4 hr. more 60 or 80 c. ; each box 50 c. Double 
fares at night (10-6). 

Electric Tramways (fare 15 c. for the town lines, 20-25 c. for the 
outside lines). 1. From the Railway Station (PL D, 4) by the Schweizerhof 

Notes. LUCERNE. II. Route 27. \\\ 

Quay and Halden-Str. to the Hot. de I'Europe (PI. 5 ; G, 2). 2. From the 
Railway Station by the Schweizerhof Quay, the Alpen-Str., and Ztlrich-Str. 
(PI. D, 2, 1 ; Lion Monument) to Maihof. 3. From the Railway Station by 
the Pilatus-Str. and Eichhof to Kriens (p. 114; 1/4 hr.). 4. From the Railway 
Station to FluhmUhle (12 min.). 5. From the Railway Station by the Bahn- 
hof-Str., Pfistergasse, and Basel-Str. (Gtitsch station, PL A, 3) to Emmen- 
brtlcke (p. 26). 

Rowing Boats at the Quai National and Schwanen-Platz ; per hr. 
l^l^fr., boatman 1 fr. — Motor Launches, 1-3 pers. 7fr. per hr., 4-5 pers. 
9 fr., each pers. extra 1 fr. ; half-day (6 hrs.), morning 25, afternoon 30, 
whole day 45 fr. 

Golf Course (nine holes) on the Sounenberg (p. 114) ; 3V2 fr- per day, 
15 fi". per week (ladies 12 fr.). — La^wn Tennis Courts, to the E. of the 

Excursion Brakes of Messrs. Th. Cook & Son start daily at 2 p.m. 
from Schwanen-Platz 7 (PI. D , 3) , alternately for Stans , Kllssnacht 
and Immensee, or Zug, and return at 6.30 p.m. Tickets (5 fr.) should be 
secured before midday. 

Aviation. Two dirigibles and two aeroplanes ply several times 
daily in summer from the balloon-hall on the Tribschen common, about 
IV4 M. from Lucerne station ; short trip 100 fr., excursion-trip 200 fr. each 
person; adm. to the starting-place 1 fr. ; tickets at the agencies of Thorn, 
Cook and Son and Koch & Co. (see below). Motor-boat every 10-20 min. 
from the Schweizerhof Quay and the railway-station in 5 min. (20 c. ; 
comp. PI. F, G, 5). 

Money Changers: Falck & Co., Schwanen-Platz 2; Ci-ivelli & Cie., 
Schweizerhof Quay ; Th. Cook & Son, Schwanen-Platz 7; Bank in Luzern, 
Alpen-Str. 2. 

English Church (St. Mark's) in the Halden-Str., opposite the Kur- 
saal (PI. F, 3); service on Sun. at 8, 10.30, and 5.30. Chaplain, resident 
at the Schweizerhof. — Presbyteriari Service in the Protestant Church near 
the Schweizerhof (in Julv, Aug., Sept. at 11 & 4). — American Service at 
Christ Church, Musegg-Str. (PI. D, 3), at 8.30, 10.30, and 5.30. 

British Consul, Dr. L. A. Falck, Schwanen-Platz 2 (in care of 
Falck & Co., see above). — American Consular Agent, Julius Hartviann. 

Enquiry Office, Kapell-Platz 2. — Photographic Materials (also 
dark room), C. Hirsbrunner, Ztlrich-Str. 4; E. Goetz, Pilatus-Str. 7. — 
Travelling and Sporting Requisites, Speck-Jost, Kornmarkt; Amrein, 
Weggisgasse 27. — Goods Agents, J. Koch (k Co., Hot. St. Gotthard. 

Lucerne (1437'; pop. 39,000), capital of the canton of that 
name, lies picturesquely on the Lake of Lucerne or Viervmld- 
sfMter See, at the efflux of the Reuss, and is enclosed by well- 
preserved walls with nine watch-towers, erected in 1385, while its 
amphitheatrical situation, facing theRigi andPilatus and the snow- 
clad Alps of Uri and Engelberg, is very striking. 

The clear, emerald-green JReuss issues from the lake with the 
swiftness of a torrent. Its banks are connected by eight Bridges. 
The highest ,^the handsome See-BrUcke (PI. D, 3,4), built in 
1 809-70, ""crosses from the town to the railway-station and the post- 
office, jind affords charming views. The two interesting medi.Tval 
bridges, the Kapell-Brilcke (PI. C, D, 3, 4) and the Spmier-Briicke 
or MilMen-Brilcke (PI. B, 3), are both carried obliquely across the 
rivf'r. p]ach has a roof, which, in the case of the former, is painted 
with 154 scenes from the lives of St. Leodegar and St. Mauritius, 


112 IT. Route 27. LUCERNE. Lion. 

the patron-saints of Lucerne, and from the history of the town ; 
and in the case of the latter, with a Dance of Death. The paintings 
all date from the 18th century. Adjoining the Kapell-Briicke, in 
the river, rises the old Wasserturm (PL D, 4). According to tra- 
dition, this building was once a lighthouse (lucerna) and gave its 
name to the town. — Between the Kapell-Brucke and Spreuer- 
Briicke are the iron Reuss-Steg (for walkers) and the JReuss- 
Brilcke (PL C, 4), below the Spreuer-Briicke the St. Karli-Brilcke 
(PL B, 3), the bridge of the St. Gotthard Railway (p. 139), and the 
Spital-Brilcle. — The Reuss and the lake are enlivened with swans 
and flocks of half-tame coots (black, with white foreheads) and 
other water-fowl. 

The *Schweizerhof Quay and the *Quai National (PL D, 
E, F, 3), with their avenue of chestnuts, extend in front of the large 
hotels, the Kurplatz (p. 110; adjacent a group of wrestlers, by H. 
Siegwart), and the Kursaal (p. 110) along the N. bank of the lake. 

*ViEW (see the stone indicators or 'toposcopes', about the middle of 
the quays). To the left, the Rigi Group; to the left is the Kulnt with the 
hotels; on the saddle between the Kulm and the RotstocJc is the Staffel 
Inn ; more to the right, the Schild, the Dossen, and the isolated Vitznauer 
Stock. To the left of the Rigi, above the hills by the lake, rises the 
Rossherg ; to the right of the Vitznauer Stock, in the distance, are the 
singularly indented peaks of the Liedernen CTiain, the Clariden^ the 
Todi, and the Kammlistock ; then the Nieder-Bauen or Seelisberger Kulm 
and the Oher-Bauen ; nearer are the dark Bilrgenstock, with its hotels, 
and the Buochser Horn; to the left and right of the latter tower the 
Engelberg Alps, the last to the right being the Titlis; farther to the 
right, the Stanser Horn, the mountains of Kerns and Sachseln, and to 
the extreme right Pilatus. 

On a height near the quays is the *IIofkirehe, or Church 

of St. Leodegar (PL E , 2) , said to have been founded in the 
.-Sth cent., and restored after a fire in 1633. The two slender towers 
were erected in 1504-25. It contains a carved pulpit and stalls of 
the 16th cent., two altars with gilded reliefs in carved wood, that 
on the N. side representing the Virgin with the body of Christ 
(15th cent. ; freely restored), a fine crucifix by the Engelberg wood- 
carver Custer, old stained-glass windows and forged iron-work. The 
rich treasury, containing valuable works of the 12th cent., deserves 
inspection (apply to the sacristan). Organ-recital in summer^ on 
week-days 6-7 p.m. and Mon. and Thurs. 11-12 a.m. (l^/g fr.). In 
the arcades enclosing the old Churchyard are several frescoes by 

The Alpen-Strasse and Zurich-Strasse, passing the Panorama 
(p. 110), lead in 5 min. to the fam.ous *Lion of Lucerne (PL D, 1), 
executed in 1821 to the memory of 26 officers and about 760 sol- 
diers of the Swiss guard, who fell in defending the Tuileries on 
10th Aug., 1792. The dying lion (28' in length), reclining in a 
grotto, transfixed by a broken lance, and sheltering the Bourbon 
lily with its paw, is hewn out of the natural sandstone rock after a 

Rathaus. LUCERNE. II. Route 27. 113 

model (exhibited in the adjoining building) by the Danish sculptor 

To the N. of the monument is the entrance to the ^Glacier 
Garden (PI. D, 1 ; adm. 1 fr. ; explanatory guide by Prof. Heim 
20 c), a relic of the ice-period, with 32 'glacier-mills' or 'giant's 
cauldrons', of different sizes (the largest being 26' wide and 30' 
deep), well-preserved 'Gletscherschliffe', or rocks worn by the action 
of the ice, etc., discovered in 1872, and connected by means of steps 
and bridges. Other features of interest are a reconstruction of 
a lake-village (with some genuine relics), several large reliefs of 
mountains and glaciers, a representation of a glacier-mill in action, 
a collection of stuffed Alpine animals, a labyrinth (adm. 1 fr.), etc. 
Electric light in the evening. 

Near the Glacier Garden, in the Musegg-Str., is the Museum 

of Peace and "War (PL D, 2), a castellated building by F. Vogt 


The museum (adm. daily from 8, on Sun. from 10.30 a.m. to 8 p.m.) 
was founded at the suggestion of the Russian state-councillor Joh. von 
Bloch (d. 1902), in order to promote the movement in favour of universal 
peace. On the groundfloor is the hall of arms : cannon, models of Roman 
catapults and projectiles; to the left, small arms and their results, sani- 
tary arrangements. On the first floor, pictures of war and plans of 
battles from ancient times to the Russian-Japanese war; development of 
fortifications and of naval affairs; dioramas with warlike scenes; finally 
an apotheosis of peace. 

Quaint and picturesque houses of the 16-17th cent, still survive 
in the crooked streets of the older parts of the town. The ancient 
Rathaus (PL C, 3), in the Kornmarkt, dates from 1519-1605 and 
was thoroughly restored in 1905-8. 

The Ground Floor (adm. in summer 9-6 , 1 fr. ; Sun. 10.30-5, 50 c.), 
contains a permanent exhibition of pictures and the municipal Art and 
History Museum. Room I. Armour, weapons, and trophies of the battles 
of the 14th cent, and of the Burgundian and Milanese wars. — Room II. 
Several banners captured at the battle of Sempach ; in the glass-case on 
the left wall is the coat-of-mail of Duke Leopold of Austria (No. 212) and 
a chased sword-hilt ('Tellenschwert') of the 16th cent.; in the 2nd glass- 
case in the middle a Roman statue of Mercury and a bronze tripod ; at 
the windows a ^Collection of Stai7ied Glass of the 14-18th cent., including 
a series of armorial bearings of the 17th century; relics of the prehistoric, 
Celtic -Roman, Germanic, and mediaeval periods. The glass-case in the 
centre contains uniforms of different Swiss guards; also old Swiss flags, 
including several banners presented by Popes Julius II. and Leo X. to 
Lucerne and other towns. — In the glass-cases in the centre are Roman 
objects. — On the first floor, reached by a fine Gothic winding staircase, 
is the Council Chamber, with beautiful 16th cent, carving on the ceiling 
and walls. In the antechamber are portraits of magistrates, most of them 
l)y Reinhart. 

The late-Gothic Fountain in the picturesque Weinmarkt (PL 
C, 3) is by Conrad Lux (1481 ; restored in 1903). 

On th<' left hank of the Reuss, to the W. of the rail, station, is 
the Post and Telegraph Office (PL 1),4). Farther to the W. are 
the Jesuit Church {St. Xavier; PL C, 4), built in 1607 in the 

114 II. Route 27. LUCERNE. 

rococo style, and the Government Building, with a picturesque 
court. In the arcaded building opposite are the state archives and 
a collection of coins and medals. In the same neighbourhood are 
the Cantonal School, with extensive botanical and geological col- 
lections (open free on Sun., 10-12, and on Tues., Thurs., and Sat. 
2-4), and the Law Courts. Near the Franziskaner-Kirchc to 
the N. are the Cantonal Library (90,000 vols., including many 
rare books; adm. on week-days 10-12), and the Civic Library 
(14,000 vols.), containing a valuable collection of works on Swiss 
history and copies of Holbein's frescoes on the Harter house, pulled 
down in 1824. 

The *autsch (1720'; PL A, 3,4), a height at the W. end of 
the town, affords a splendid view of the town, the lake, the Rigi, 
and the Alps; best from the view-tower (lift 30 c). From the 
Giltsch station, reached on foot from the railway-station in 12 min. 
(tramway, see p. Ill), a cable-tramway (196 yds. long; gradient 
53:100; trains every 10 min.; fare 35, return-ticket 60 c., from 
any station of the tramway 90 c.) ascends in 3 minutes. At the top 
is the Hotel-Pens. Chateau Gutsch (p. 110), with garden-restaurant 
(concert in the afternoon) and extensive wooded grounds. The 
walk from the Gtitsch to the Hotel Sonnenberg (see below) takes 

35-40 minutes. 

Another beautiful point near the town is the *Dr6i Linden (PI. G, 1 ; 
1810'), to which a good road leads in 20 min. from the Hofkirche. We 
ascend the Adligenswiler-Strasse, to the right, behind the church, and 
after 3 min. take the Dreilinden-Strasse to the left, which leads to the 
top in ahout V4 hr. Halfway, a shorter path, ascending in steps, diverges 
to the left. At the top is a cluster of tasteful villas. The 'Drei Linden' 
stand in private grounds (no admission). In front is a terrace command- 
ing a charming view of the environs of Lucerne and the Alps, with 
the Titlis and Stanser Horn in the middle and the Finsteraarhorn and 
Schreckhorn in the distance to the right. We may return to the N.W., by 
the Capuchin Convent of Wesemlin^ to the (20 min.) Lion Monument (p. 112). 

A more extensive view of the lake and the Lucerne and Bernese 
Alps is afforded by the *Diotschenberg (2110'), ^U ln'- to the N.E. of 
Lucerne (from the Hofkirche follow the Adligenswiler-Str. for 1/4 hr. and 
then ascend to the left). Rack-and-pinion railway under construction. 

To Krikns-Sonnenberg , a pleasant excursion (electric and cable 
tramway in V2 hr. ; return-ticket, valid also via Gutsch, 2 fr. 10 c). Electric 
tramway (p. Ill) in V4 hr. via Eichhof to (21/2 M.) Kriens (1G75'; Hotel 
Pilatus; Linde), a large manufacturing village (pop. 7140), and to the 
foot of the Sonnenberg, whence, from April 1st to Nov. 1st, an electric 
cable-tramway (Va M. long; maximum gradient 40:100) ascends in 10 min. 
(fare 1 fr. 25, down 80 c, return-fare 1 fr. 40 c), past the station Zurnhof 
(about halfway) to the * Grand - Hotel Sonnenberg (2360'; I5th May 
to 15th Oct. , 140 beds, R. 3-10, B. I1/2, L. 4, D. 5, pens, from 9 fr.), 
with a large restaurant and pleasant grounds. Engl. Ch. Serv. in summer. 
Golf course of 9 holes near the hotel (see p. 111). From the terrace in 
front of the hotel and from the roof (lift 20 c.) we enjoy a magnificent 
and very picturesque view of Pilatus and the Alps from the Sentis to 
the Titlis and Sustenhorn, with the lakes of Lucerne, Zug, and Sempach, 
the Rotsee, and the hilly landscape to the N, Adjacent are extensive 
woods with pleasant walks. The Hotel Sonnenberg may be reached also 
from the Gtitsch on foot in 35-40 min., and from Lucerne in 50 min. via 



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LAKE OF LUCEENE. //• Route 28. 115 

the Hirschen-G-raben (PI. B, 4), the Kloster-Strasse, and the Sonnenberg- 

To the S. roads ascend from Kriens to (1 M.) the chateau of Schauen- 
866 (1885') and the (2V4 M.) * Hotel -Pension Himmelreich (2264'; pens. 4- 
6 fr.), a health-resort amid woods, with fine view. — Another road, leading 
to the W. from Kriens, ascends along the Krienbach to the (2 M.) Rengg- 
bach, whence a bridle-path leads to the left through wood to (40 min.) 
Hergis"wald. (2620'; *Kurliau8, pens. 5-6 fr.) , a health-resort in a fine 
situation. Or we may continue to follow the Renggbach road to Lehnhof 
and (41/2 M.) Eigenthal (3380'; *Pens. Burri, 5-5V2 fr- 1 Kurhaus Pilatus- 
blick, 4^2 fi'O? another health-resort (see p. 174; thence to Schwarzenberg 
1 hr.). — From Eigenthal a path ascends by the Rumligbach past the 
huts of Buchsteg and Rotstock , then steeply to the left to (IV2-2 hrs.) 
the Briindlen Alp (4985'), with the little Pilatus Lake (generally dry in 
summer), where, according to a curious tradition, Pontius Pilate drowned 
himself from remorse. The Widderfeld (6817') may be ascended hence 
in 1^/4 hr. ; and a rough and indistinct path leads round the slopes of 
the Widderfeld and G-emsmattli and over the Kastelen Alp to the (lV2br.) 
Hotel Klimsenhorn (p. 133). G-uide advisable in both cases. 

28. Lake of Lucerne. 

steamboat in summer 8 times daily between Lucerne and Fltielen 
(28V2 ^^0 ^^ 2V2-2'V4 hrs., express in 2 hrs. (to Weggis 1/2? Vitznau ^f^, 
Brunnen 13/4 hr.). The steamers do not all touch at Hertenstein, Buochs, 
Treib, Riitli, Sisikon, and Tells-Platte, while Bauen and Isleten are called 
at twice a day only. Pare to Fltielen 3 fr. 80 or 2 fr. 70 c. ; return-tickets, 
available for ten days, 5fr. 30, 3 fr. 55 c. Those who make some stay should 
purchase family-tickets (first class only) with 100 coupons for 12V2 fr- ; 
immediately on embarking a certain number of coupons, corresponding to 
the distance to be travelled , are given up (20 coupons from Lucerne to 
Fltielen). Trunk 40-80 c, including embarkation and landing. Departure 
from Lucerne, see p. 108. G-ood restaurants (L. 3, D. 4 fr.) on board. 
Tickets are procured at the purser's office on board. Time-tables and 
maps of the lake to be had at the steamboat-offices gratis. Pleasure 
trips in July and August on Tues. and Frid. 3-6 p.m., 4 fr. Cheap ex- 
cursions on Sundays. Best light early in the morning. 

The **Lake of Lucerne (1435'; Vierwaldstdtter See^ or 
'Lake of the Four Forest Cantons', viz. Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden, 
and Lucerne) is unsurpassed in Switzerland in magnificence and 
variety of scenery. Its beautiful banks are also intimately associated 
with the traditions so graphically depicted hy Schiller' in hisWilliam 
Tell. The lake is nearly cruciform in shape. Length from Lucerne 
to Fluelen 23 M.; width ^/^-2 M.; greatest depth 700'. 

The wind on the lake is apt to change very suddenly. The boatmen 
declare that it blows from a different quarter beyond each promontory. 
The most violent is the F/>hn (S. wind), wliich sometimes makes the Hay 
of Uri dangerous for small boats, and even for steamers. In fine weatlier 
the Bise (N. wind) usually prevails the whole day. 

Soon after leaving Lucerne the steamer affords a strikingly pic- 

lurcsquf^ view of the town, with its towers and batthimcuits. To the 

\r,\'[ on the hillside is th(; nunnery of Neuhrueh, erected in 1903, 

to the right the large baHoon hall (p. 111). Before us, to the 

left, rises the Kigi, to the right Pilatus, and facing us th<' Burgcn- 

stock, to th«' right of which arc the Stansrr Horn and the Titlis. 

116 //. R. 28. — Map,p. 114. WEGGIS. Lake of 

To the left of Pilatus, above the hills of Unterwalden, the Wetter- 
horner (Kosenhorn, Mittelhorn, Wetterhorn), Schreckhorn, Monch, 
Eiger, and Jungfrau gradually become visible. The small promon- 
tory to the left, with a statue of Christ, is the Meggenhorn. To 
the E. of it lies Alfstad, an islet with fragments of an old store- 

Beyond the Meggenhorn the bay of Kiissnacht opens to the left, 
and that of Stansstad to the right, and we have now reached the 
centre of the cross (^Kreuzfrichter'J formed by the lake. In the 
distance to the left lies Kiissnacht (p. 135) ; in the foreground, 
NeU'Habshurg (p. 135). To the right rises the wooded Bilrgen- 
stock (p. 130). From this part of the lake Pilatus (p. 132) is very 
striking. Its weird peaks, seldom free from clouds, form a marked 
contrast to the Higi opposite, the lower slopes of which are covered 
with orchards and houses, and the upper with woods and pastures. 

Beyond the promontory of Tanzenberg^ in a small bay to the 
left, is the '^Hotd Sehloss Hertenstein (March 15th to Nov, 15th; 
120 beds. pens. 9-16 fr. ; a walk of 6 min. from the pier, or by boat 
in 5 min.). Before us, in the distance, peeps the double-peaked 
Scheerhorn (p. 156). Near the pier are the ^Pens. S Restaurant 
Hertenstein (10 beds, pens. 7-9 fr.) and, 3 min. to the E., the ^Hdt,- 
Pens. Pilatus (pens. 6-8 fr. ; both open March 15th to Nov. 15th). 
In summer (May 15th-Sept. 15th) classical dramas are performed 
in the open-air theatre near the Sehloss Hotel, 10 min. from the 
steamboat pier. 

Weggis. — Hotels. In the Oberdorf: *H6t.-Pens. Post & Terminus, 
130 beds, R. 3-5, D. .Si/a, S. 2V2, pens. 7-10 f r. ; *Hot.-Pens. Beau-Rivage & 
Lion d'Or, 70 beds, R. 2V2-5, B. IV4, D. 31/2, pens. 7-9 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. 
DD Lac, 40 beds at 2-3, D. 3, S. 2V2, pens. 5-8 f r. ; *H6r.-PENS. Eden 
(May 1st -Oct. 15th), 45 beds, R. 2-4, D. 3, pens. 6-10 fr. ; *H6t. St. Gott- 
HARD, 20 beds, pens. 5-7 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Alpenblick, finely situated, 
70 beds, pens. 7-10 fr. ; *H6t. -Pens. Buhlegg, 50 beds, pens. 51/2-'' fi"- 
Farther to the W.: *H6tei.-Pens. Albana (April 1st -Oct. 15th), beautifully 
situated, 80 beds, R. 3-8, B. IV2, 1>. 4, S. 3, pens. 8-15 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. 
Paradies (April -Oct.), 55 beds at 2V2-3, pens. 6-8 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Froh- 
BURG, 22 beds, pens. 51/2-7 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. Victoria, 35 beds, pens. 5-7 fr. ; 
Pens. Lindengarten, 25 beds, pens. 4V2-5V2 f r- ; *Pens. Villa Belvedere 
(April-Oct.), with grounds and lake-baths, 20 beds, pens. 6-9 fr. — In the 
Unterdorf: *Hot.-Pens. National, 40 beds at 2-3, B, IV4, D- 3, ])ens. 6-9 fr. ; 
*Pens. Zimmermann-Schurch (May Ist-Oct. 15th), with garden, 30 beds, 
pens. 51/2-'' fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Rossli, 50 beds at 2-3, D. 3, pens. 6-7 fr. ; 
*H6t.-Pens. Rigi, 70 bods, R. 2-3V2, ^' 3, pens. 6-9 fr. ; *P ark-Hot. Bsllevue 
(April-Get.), with grounds, baths, etc., 85 beds, R. 3-8, B. IV2J D- 4, S. 3, pens. 
71/2-14, omnibus 1 fr.; Pens. Baumen (March 15th-Nov. 1st), 70 beds at IV2-2V21 
D. 2, pens. 4V2-6 fr. On the lake are several furnished villas to let. — 
English Church Service in the season.— -Visitors' Tax 20 c. per day. 

Weggis, a thriving village (1550 inhab.) in a sheltered situa- 
tion, is frequented as a summer-resort. — Bridle-path to the Rigi, 

see p. 127. 

From Weggis a road leads to the W. to (40 min.) Hertenstein (see above). 
Another pleasant walk may be taken to the I:^. to Greppeu (p. 135), either 

Lucerne. VITZNAU. Map,p. 114.~-II. R. 28. 117 

by road in ^/^hr., or by footpath (passing to the right of the church) in 

1 hr. Between these, and reached from Weggis in 1/2 ^^-i rises the Rigi- 
blick (1985'), a grassy hill with a view-tower overlooking the lake. — 
Beautiful walk to the E., by the road skirting the lake, to (2 M.) *Hot.- 
Pens. Liltzelau (pens. 7-11 fr.) and (1^/4 M.) Vitznau. 

Near Yitznau we observe to the left high up on the mountain- 
crest the Hotel Eigi- First (p. 129) and, farther to the right, the 
Hotel Unterstetten (p. 129). 

Vitznau. — Hotels. *H6t. du Parc, V3 M. to the W., with baths 
and extensive grounds, March 15th-Nov. 1st, 150 beds, R. 3V2-IO, B. 2, 
L. 4, D. 6, board 10 fr., *Vitznauer Hof, with park and lake-baths, 
March-Oct., 100 beds, R. 3-6, B. I1/2, D- 41/2, S. 31/2, pens. 9-16 fr. ; these 
two belong to the same proprietor as the Hot. Rigi-First (p. 124), with 
which meals may be exchanged ; *H6t.-Pens. Rigibahn, near the pier 
and the Rigi railway-station, with a terrace on the lake, March-Nov., 
60 beds, R. 3-5, B. I1/4, D. 31/2, S. 2V2, pens. 7-10 fr.; *H6t.-Pens. Rigi, 
40 l)eds at 2-4, D. 3, pens. 6-8 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Waldheim, April Ist-Oct. 15th, 
35 beds, pens. 6-9 fr. ; *H6t. Kredz & Pens. Zimmermann, 100 beds, 6-8 fr. ; 
Pens. Villa Rosenegg, 15 beds, pens. 51/2-872^1"., well spoken of; Pens. 
Alpenrose, 35 beds, pens. 6-8 fr. ; Hot. -Pens. Bellevue, 20 beds, pens. 
5-6 fr. ; Pens. Handschin, from 4 fr. ; Pens. Liebheim, 6-7 fr. ; Pens. Braun, 
41/2-5 fr. ; Pens. Waldesruh, 5-6 fr. ; Pens. Rigiheim, 5-8 fr. ; Pens. Unter- 
WYLEN, 1 M. to the W., with fine view, pens. 5-6 fr. — Flora Alpiiia Restau- 
rant, IV2 M. to the S. of Yitznau (also a few rooms). — English Church 
Service in summer. 

Vitznau (1000 inhab.), the most sheltered spot on the lake, with 
a rich southern vegetation, prettily situated at the W. base of the 
Vitznauer Stock (see below) and much visited as a health-resort, 
is the terminus of the Migi Hallway (p. 125). In a grove near the 
station is the Riggenhach Monument, a huge boulder of breccia 
with a bronze medallion of the constructor of the Rigi railway 
(d. 1899). Shady grounds above the Yitznauer Hof. 

A beautiful road leads from Vitznau via the Obere Nase (see below; 
fine view of the lake) to (41/2 M.) Gersau and past the Kindlis^nord Chapel 
(p. 119) to (41/2 M.) Brunnen. Footpath up the Rigi, see p. 127. 

On the S.W. slope of the Vitznauer Stock (bridle-path in IV4 hr. from 
Vitznau , shady in the early morning) is the finely situated Hotel- 
Pension "Weissenfluh or Wissefluh (3100'; 50 beds, pens. 5V2-7 fr.), witli 
beautiful view (finest from the Mdrisboden, 5 min. to the S.). Pretty walks 
to Aeusser-Urmi (3525'; 1/4 hr.); Ober-Urmi (3740'; V2hr.); to the top of 
the * Vitznauer Stock (Alio'; IV4 hr., the last V^ hr. steep); *Dossen {bbiO'; 

2 hrs.), etc. Descent from Weissenfluh to Gersau 50 min. (ascent iVahr.; 
path rough in places). 

Beyond Vitznau are two long promontories, called the Nasen 
(noses), apparently terminating the lake, the Ohere Nase (1.) a 
spur of the Rigi, the Untere (r.) of the Biirgenstock (p. 130). To 
the left of the Obere Nase the (Hiirnisch (p. 100) rises above the 
Pragfd. The steamboat doubles the Untere Nase and calls at Ennef- 
hilrgen, at the S.E. foot of the Biirgenstock, and at Buochs 
(Krone, pens, ^^'^j^-l fr., good; Kreu,zgarten) , a smiling village 
nG38 inhab.), above which rises the Buochser Horn (p. 118). 

A road hence ascends the Biirgenstock (2 lirs. ; carr. 12, with two horscH 
20 fr.) past the Jfotel MaUgrat and the ffoncgg; sec p. 131. Diligencto to 
Sfans (p. 100), 3 M., four times daily in =74 '»r. (or walk bv Knnerbrrg 
and Wil). Between Buochfi and Beckenried (pleasant walk of V4 hr.) hui,^e 

1 18 //. R. 28. ~ Map, p. 114. GERSAU. J-oke of 

embankments , control the torrents descending from the Buochser Horn 
and the Schwalmis. 

Next, on the S. bank, — 

Beckenried. — Hotels (open in summer only). *Nidwaldner 
HoF, 110 beds at 2-41/2, B. IVa, D- 3V2-4, S. 2Va, pens. 7-10 fr. ; *Sonne, 
90 beds at 2i/.,-3'/2, B. IV4, D. 3, S. 2Va, pens. 6-9 f r. ; *Mond, 90 beds at 
2-31/3, B. IV4, D. 3, pens. 5-8 fr. ; Swan, 20 beds at IV2-2, B. 1, pens. 41/2- 
6 fr., unpretending but good; *H6t.-Pens. Edelweiss, on the Emmetten 
road, 30 beds, pens. 5V-2-^ f^'- ; Pens. Rigi, 6-71/2 fr- ; Pkns. Gtluckstern, 
5-7 fr. — One-horse carriage to Stans 6, two-horse 12 fr. ; to Stansstad 8 or 15, 
Alpnach 11 or 18, Schoneck (5 or 12, Seelisberg 13 or 25 fr., and fee. 

Beckenried (1668 inhab.), where the delegates from the Four 
Forest Cantons used to assemble, is much frequented in summer. 
In front of the church is a fine old walnut-tree. 

From Beckenried to Seelisberg (21/2 hrs.). The road (diligence to 
Emmetten thrice daily in I1/4 hr., 80 c.) ascends, finally in curves through 
wood (short cut), past the (1 hr.) charmingly situated * Hotel & Kurhaus 
Schoneck (2360'; with hydropathic; open Mav 15th-Sept. 30th; 200 beds, 
R. 2-8, D. 6, S. 31/2, pens. 10-16 fr.), to (1/4 hr.) the village of Emmetten 
(2520'; *H6t. & Kurhaus Engel, open in summer only, with garden, 60 beds, 
pens. 5-6V2 fr. ; Post, pens. 5-6 fr. ; ScMltzenhaus), a health-resort in a 
sheltered situation. From the Steingaden (2770'), 1/4 hr. to the N.E., a fine 
glimpse of the lake is obtained. A charming walk leads by the picturesque 
*Rieselten- Gorge, through which rushes the Kohltalbach, to (50 min.) 
Schoneck. — Farther on we ascend between the Stutzberg and Niederhauen 
(see below) to the saddle above the little Seelisberg Seeli (p. 119) and 
to the (I1/2 hr.) Gra?id Hot. Seelisberg (p. 119). 

The *Niederbauen or Seelisberger Kulm (6322'; 31/2 hrs. ; guide, 
6-7 fr., unnecessary; path shady till 9 a.m.), a very fine point, is best 
ascended from Emmetten. Near the school-house (2550'; 1/2 M. to the E. 
of the Engel) a road ascends to the right (S.) in three somewhat sharp 
curves and then leads through the Kohltal to (1 hr.) the Grund Alp (3235'). 
We now turn to the left, cross the Kohltalbach, and follow a steep, wind- 
ing, but well-made footpath through beautiful wood to the (1 hr.) Hoberg 
Alp (4465'); in 40 min. more we reach the Niederbauen Alp (5220'; rfmts.), 
whence we ascend over grassy slopes to the (1 hr.) summit. — Another 
route, shadeless and steep but with fine views, diverges from the road 
beyond the bridge over the Kohltalbach (1/3 M. to the E. of the school- 
house) and ascends to the right. Beyond a group of three houses it ascends 
in windings through pine-wood, and traverses the pastures of Frutt to 
(21/2 hrs.) the Niederbauen Alp. — The routes from Beroldingen (p. 115) 
and the Seelisberg Seeli (p. 119; each 31/2 hrs.) are rough and not recom- 
mended. — The summit commands an imposing and highly picturesque view 
of the Lake of Lucerne from Lucerne to Fliielen, of the Uri-Rotstock, 
Bristenstock, Todi, Scheerhorn, and Windgiillen, and of the Reuss valley 
as far as Amsteg. — The Oberbauen or Bauberg (6960'), another fine 
point, is ascended from the Niederbauen Alp (see above) via the rocky 
passage of Schwiere in 2 hrs. (guide 8 fr.). Steep descent by the Bauberg 
Alp to (21/2 hrs.) Isental (p. 123). 

The Buochser Horn (5940') may be ascended in 31/2-4 hrs. from 
Beckenried or Buochs (guide desirable, 5 fr. ; fine view). Descent to 
(I'/i hr.) Nieder-Rickenbach (p. 161). 

On the opposite bank, on a fertile strip of land between the 

Vitznauer Stock and the Hochfluh, lies the pretty village of — 

Gersau. — Hotels. *Hot.-Pens. Muller, with garden on the lake, 
April Ist-Nov. Ist, 130 beds, R. 3-6, D. 4, S. 3, pens. 8-16 fr. — *H6'r.- 
Pens. Bellevue, 40 beds, pens. 51/2-6V2 fi'-l *H6t.-Pens. Beau-Sejour, 
52 beds at V-lr^^k, B. 1, D. 21/2, pens. 5-61/2 f r. ; *H6t.-Pens. Seehof, 

Lucerne. SEELISBERGr. Map, p. 114. -11. R. 28. 119 

on the lake, V4 M. to the E., 60 beds at 2-3, D. 2V2, pens. 5-8 fr. ; *Hof 
Gersau & RossLi, 47 beds at 1V2-3, B. 1 , D. 3 , pens. 5-7fr. ; *H6t.- 
Pens. Fluhegg & Verte Rive, 26 beds, pens. 5-6V2 fi*- 5 *H6t.-Pens. des 
Alpes, 25 beds, pens. 41/2-6 fr. ; *Pens. Minerva, 34 beds, pens. 8-12 fr. ; 
*H6t.-Pens. Villa Seegarten, 25 beds, pens. 5-7 fr. ; Hot. -Pens. Beau- 
RivAGE, 18 beds, pens, 4V2-5V2 f^"- j Pens. Flatten, on the Scheidegg road, 
IV2 M. above Gersau, 16 beds, pens. 5 fr. ; Pens. Roma, 5-5V2 fi'- ; Pension 
AND Restaurant Sonne, 20 beds, pens. 41/2 -5V2 fr. Furnished Rooms at 
Mailer's zur Sage. — Motor Launch (9 seats), 5 fr. per hour, Va ^^Y (6 hrs.) 
20, whole day 35 fr. — English Church Service at the Hotel Miiller. 

Gersau (1900iiihab.), in a sheltered site, with broad-eaved cot- 
tages scattered over the hillside, is frequented as a health-resort. 
In the ravine behind it are three silk-factories, and on the moun- 
tain-crest above is the Rigi- Scheidegg Hotel (p. 129). 

The ascent of the *Iligi-Hochfl.uh (5575'), 3V2-4: hrs. from Gersau, via 
the Scharteggli (p. 129), is attractive (yellow and red way-marks ; comp. p. 129). 
From the Hochfluh to the Scheidegg, IV2-2 hrs. — The Vitznauer Stock 
(4775') may be ascended in 2V2 hrs. from Gersau or Vitznau by Ober- Urmi 
(comp. p. 117). — From Gersau to (41/2 M.) Brunnen (p. 120), pleasant 
walk by the road on the lake (fine views in the evening). — From Gersau 
to Lowerz (p. 140), 31/4 hrs. A road ascends to (IV2 hr.) Ober-Gschwend 
(3320'; inn), whence a footpath leads to (V2 hr.) the Gdtterli Pass (3910'), 
between the Hochfluh and the Rigi-Scheidegg. Descent to Lowerz, IV4 hr. 
— From Ober-Gschwend to Rigi-Scheidegg (2 hrs.), see p. 130. 

On the bank beyond Gersau is the Kindlismord Chapel. To the 
E. rise the two Mythen, at the base of which lies Schwyz (p. 140) ; 
to the right, the broad Fronalpstock (p. 121). 

The steamer now crosses to Treib, in Canton Uri, at the foot 
of the Sonnenherg, with a storehouse ('Susthaus') in the ancient 
Swiss style, rebuilt in 1903 and now used as an inn. Treib is the 

landing-place (telephone) for Seelisberg. 

To Seelisberg, 5 M., diligence four times daily in summer in 1 hr. 
(1 fr. 20 c), to Sonnenberg in IV4 hr. (1 fr. 70 c. ; one-horse carr. 5, two- 
horse 10, to Sonnenberg 6 or 12 fr., and fee). From the pier the road 
ascends to the right through luxuriant meadows (direct path to the left 
behind the inn, stony but shady in places, in 1 hr.) to the (IV2 hr.) village 
of Seelisberg (2637'; *H6t.-Pens. Bellevue, with the dependance Villa 
Maria, May 1st -Sept. 30th, 125 beds at 2-4, B. IV4, D. 31/2, S- 2V4, pens. 
7-12 fr. ; Pens. Aschvjanden, 30 beds, pens. 5V2-6V2 fr., well spoken of. 
By the church of Seelisberg (5 min.) is the Hot. -Pens. Loive (pens. 5-7 fr., 
well spoken of); 10 min. farther on, the Hot. -Pens. Watdhaus-Riltli {b^j^- 
8V2 fr.); tlien the little Hotel Mythenstein, and just beyond it the large 
*Grand-H6tel Sonnenberg-Seelisberg (2770': Mav I5th-Sept. 30th; 
four houses, 300 beds; R. 2Va-12, B. IV2, D- 5, S. 31/2, pens. 9-20 fr. ; visitors' 
tax 2V2 fr. a week; Engl. Ch. Serv. in summer), a favourite health-resort, 
with hydropathic. The terrace in front commands a beautiful *View of 
the Lake of Uri lying far ))elow, with its girdle of mountains from the 
Mythcn to the Uri-Rotstock. About 6 min. farther to the S. are the Pcni^. 
Schiitzenhaus (^IVa-^Va ^r.) and the Pens. Villa Flora (from 5 fr.). 

Attractive walk to (20 min.) the ^Schuendifluh (2723'), by a patli 
diverging to the left from tlie Beroldingcn road, near the inn Zum Schtltzen, 
3 min. to the S. of the Hot. Sonnenberg. Striking view from the 

.1 min. to the «. or the Jiot. Sonnenberg. striking view trom tne per- 
nendicular rocks^ tlic Teufeismiiyister of Schiller ('Tell', Act IV, Sc. 1). — 
Heautiful view trom the KO/iizeli (3303'; '/.j hr. to the N.W. ; asc(!nt to the 
right at the S. end of the Grand Hotel, through wood), over tin; lake and the 
plain as far as the WeiMsenHtein. — To the S.W. of the hotel lies (1 M.) 
the ^\cX\\veH{\\\e Seelisberg Seeli ('little lake', 2170'; with b.ithhoiisc, r)0(J, 
at the N.E. foot of the Niederbauen (p. 118). 

120 II- -R- 2S. Max>, p. 114. BRUNNEN. ^a^e of 

Walkers from Seelisberg to Baueii (p. 123) follow the road beyond 
the hotel (finger-post; path to the Schwenditiuh to the left) to (3/4 hr.) the 
old mansion of Beroldingen (beautiful view), and descend a steep path, by 
Wissig, to (V2 hr.) Bauen (p. 123). Boat from Bauen to Tellsplatte 2, RUtli 3, 
Fltlelen 4 fr. — Path from Seelisberg to the (V2 br.) Riltli, see p. 122. 

Opposite Treib, on the E. bank, lies the small town of — 

Brunnen. Hotels. — *Grand Hotel Brunnen (May-Oct.), on a 
terrace above the Axenstrasse (lift), 240 beds, R. 5-20, B. 2, L. 5, D. 6, 
pens. 14-25 fr. ; *Waldstatter Hof (April 15th-0ct. 15th), on the lake, 
with baths, 250 beds, R. 3-8, L. 3V2, D- 5, pens. 8-15 fr. — *Park Hotel 
(May 15th-Sept. 30th), 1/4 M. from the lake, 140 beds, R. 2-Va-5, B. IV2, 
L. 3, D. 4, pens. 7-12 fr. ; *GrOLDNER Adler (March 15th-Nov. 1st), 100 beds, 
R. 21/4-41/3, B. 11/2, D. 4, pens. 7-10 fr. , *H6t.-Pens. Hirsch, 37 beds, 
R. 2-4, B. 11/4, D. 3, S. 21/a, pens. 6-8 fr., both opposite the pier; *Eden 
Hotel & Pension, on the lake (April 15th-0ct. 20th), with view -terrace 
(lift), 45 beds, R. 3-6, B. IV2, 1^- 5, S. 3, pens. 8-13 fr. ; *H6t. Germanl\ & 
Pens. Drossel (April Ist-Oct. 15th), 80 beds at 2-41/2, B. I1/4, D. 31/2, S. 21/2, 
pens. 7-12 fr. ; Hot. -Pens, von Euw, 30 beds at I1/2-21/2, D. 21/2, pens. 5-6 fr., 
good; *H6t.-Pens. Bellevue (April 15th-0ct. 15th), 95 beds, R. 2i/a-4, B. I1/2, 
D. 31/2, S. 21/2, pens. 7-9 f r. , Hot. -Pens. Mythenstein, 55 beds, pens. 
6-8 fr., both on the Axenstrasse, close to the lake; Hot. -Pens. GrtJTscH 
(see below), 24 beds, pens. 51/2 -6V2 fr., well spoken of; * Hot. -Pens. 
Schweizerhof, 60 beds at I1/2-31/2, B. I1/4, D. 3, pens. 5-7 fr. ; *Rossli, 
50 beds at I1/2-21/2, B. I1/4, D. 3, pens. 5-7 f r. ; Hot. Rijtli, 20 beds at 
2-21/2, pens. 51/2-6 V3 fr-, plain but good; all near the quay; *H6t.-Pens. 
RiGi, 65 beds at 2-3, B. I1/4, pens. 6-7 fr., Hot.-Pens. Winkelried, 30 
beds, pens, from 5 fr., both on the Grersau road; Hot.-Pens. Ulrich (May- 
Oct.), 34 beds at 2-3, D. 3, pens. 6-7 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. des Alpes, pens. 
51/2-6 fr., well spoken of; *H6t.-Pens. Victoria (May-Oct.), on the lake, 
near the Fohnhafen (harbour of refuge), 60 beds, R. 2-4, B. II/4, D. 31/2, pens. 
6-9 fr. ; Hot. du Lac, with lake-baths, R. 2-3, B. IV4, pens. 51/2-7 fr. ; 
*H6t.-Pens. Villa Schiller, pleasantly situated farther to the W., 1 M. 
from Brunnen, 40 beds at 2-3, B. I1/4, D. 3, S. 21/2, pens. 6-8 fr. ; *Pens. 
Friediieim (May-Oct.), on the Urmiberg, 1 M. to the N. of the lake, 30 
beds, pens. 5-6 f r. ; Hot.-Pens. Sonne, 50 beds, pens. 51/2-7 fr., good; 
Bahnhof, Tell (well spoken of), Freihof, Rosenoarten, and others, 
plain (pens. 4-6 fr.). — Munich beer at the Hot. Bellevue, Schweizerhof, 
Hot. Germania, and Hot. Mythe7istein ; Restaurant Stauffacher (with 
garden); Helvetia, Bahnhof-Str. — Confectioners, J. JSfigg-Aufdermaur, 
Bahnhof -Str. ; M. Aufdermaur, Hauptplatz. 

Rowing Boat 70 c. per hour, with one boatman 2, with two 31/2 fr. ; 
to Treib and back I1/2 or 21/2, RUtli 21/2 or 41/2, Tellsplatte 4 or 7, RUtli 
and Tellsplatte 5 or 8, Bauen 5 or 8, Fltlelen or Isleten 6 or 10, Kindlis- 
mord Chapel 3V2 or 6, Grersau 4 or 7 fr. — Motor Launch (for 8 persons) 
to the RUtli 5 fr. — Carriages 4 fr. for the first hour, each following hour 
3 fr. ; from the rail, station to the lake 1 fr. — Golf Course. 

Baths at the harbour, 3/4 M. to the W. of the pier (lake-bath with 
towel, 50 c.) ; also (warm and lake baths) at the Waldstatter Hof. — Wood- 
carvings, photographs, etc., a.t Leuthold^s, by the steamboat-pier. — J^(?wir?y 
Office, Bahnhof-Str. 

English Church Service at the Waldstatter Hof. 

Brunnen (1443'; 3085 inhab.), the port of Canton Schwyz, a 
station of the St. Grotthard Railv^ay (p. 141), and one of the most 
beautiful places on the lake, is partly situated in a flat valley near 
the mouth of the Muota. Brunnen is one of the chief tourist- 
centres in Switzerland and a favourite summer-resort. 

The Giitsch (1640'; hotel, see above), a hill behind Brunnen, over- 
looks the two arms of the lake and the pretty valley of Schwyz. It may 
be reached by the lift of the Eden Hotel (10 c, free to residents), which 

Lucerne. MORSCHACH. ^^ap, p. 114, ^ II. R. 28. 121 

ascends from the Axenstrasse to the view-terrace of the hotel, only a few 
steps from the G-tltsch and the Olympus Road. The Olympus Road 
('Olymp-Strasse'), beginning at the Leeivasser near the middle of the 
village, winds up through the wood, passing several good points of view 
(benches), to (Va hr.) the Kdnzeli on the Wasiwand, high above the Axen- 
strasse, whence a footpath leads to (V2 br.) Axenstein. 

From Brunnen to Morschach (Axenfels and Axenstein), electric rack- 
and-pinion railway, to Axenstein, IV4 M., in 1/4 br. ; fares to Morschach 
(Axenfels) 1 fr. 50 c, descent 1 fr., return-ticket 2 fr., to Axenstein 2 fr. 25, 
1 fr. 50 c, and 3 fr. Terminus on the Axenstrasse, near the Hot. Mythen- 
stein, 2min. from the steamboat-pier; trains every 1/4 hr. during the season 
(April 1st- Oct. 15th). The line pierces the bold cliff of the Wasihandhy 
means of a tunnel 320 yds. in length and ascends the steep and wooded 
slope, with a beautiful view of the lake, to the station of Morschach- 
Axenfels (2115 ft.), 3 min. to the S. of the *Palace Hotel Axenfels 
(2200'; May Ist-Oct. 31st; 250 beds, R. 4-15, B. IV2, L. 4, D. 6, pens. 
12-25 fr. ; Engl. Ch. Service), with three terraces, a fine view, and a golf- 
course (9 holes). About 5 min. to the E. is the charmingly situated hamlet 
of Morschach (2100'; Hot.-Pens.Frohnalp & Kurhaus Morschach, 100 beds 
at 2-4, B. IV4, r>. 31/2, S. 21/2, pens. 7-9 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Betschart, pens.6 fr. ; 
Hot.-Pens. Adler, pens. 5-5V2 ^^-i good; Hot.-Pens. Bellevue, pens. 51/2-7 fr., 
good; all open in summer only ; Hirsch, pens. 4-5 fr. ; Krone; Pens. Degen- 
bahn, 230' above the village, pens. 51/2-8 fi".). — From stat. Morschach the line 
turns back and ascends past the Hot.-Pens. Riitliblick (pens. 6-8 fr.) to the 
station of (IV4 M.) Axenstein (2360 ft. ; Park Hotel, with restaurant, for 
tourists, pens. 9-13 fr.), just below the *Grand Hotel Axenstein (June- 
Oct. ; 270 beds, R. 5-12, B. l^/^, L. 4, D. 6, pens. 12-20 fr.), splendidly situated, 
with a magnificent *Survey of both arms of the lake. Large covered prome- 
nade and beautiful shady grounds close to the hotel, containing numerous 
erratic blocks and traces of glacier-action. Adjacent is a,n English Church (All 
Saints^). — By road Axenstein maybe reached from Brunnen in lV4hr., on 
foot by the somewhat steep but shady path over the GrUtsch (p. 120) in 3/4-I hr. 

The Stoos (4242'), the N. spur of the Fronalp {Hot.-Pens. Stoos, June- 
Sept. 30th, 135 beds at 2V2-5, B. I1/2, D- 31/2, S. 2V2, pens. 7-12 fr.), 
another health resort (beautiful view, best from the Stooshorn, 5 min. to 
the N.), with varied walks, is reached from Morschach in 2 hrs. (carr. with 
one horse from Brunnen 12, with two horses 20 fr.). A footpath to the 
right of the Hirsch inn saves 5 minutes. The road (carriage from Morschach 
station in 2 hrs., 5 fr. ; in shade in the morning for most of the way) 
leads past the (V4 hr.) inn Zur Schwyzerhohe, with a charming view of 
the valley of Schwyz and the Mythen, and then through wood. — The 
*Fronalip8tock (6295'; small /m?,, ten beds), 2 hrs. to the S.W. of the 
Stoos, reached by a rough path (finger-post; milk at a chalet halfway), 
affords a magnificent view of the entire Lake of Lucerne. — A footpath 
leads from the Stoos to (IV2 br.) Ried (p. 99) in the Muota-Tal , at first 
traversing meadows, but beyond the Stoosbach descending in steep zigzags 
through wood to the bridge over the Muota. 

Other excursions from Brunnen: ))y the St. Gotthard Railway to 
(10 min.) Schwyz-Seewen , and then by boat (in 20 min. from Seewen) 
to the island of Schwanau in the Lake of Lowerz (p. 140); to the Muota- 
Tal as far as the (I'V^ hr. on foot) Suvoroff Bridge (p. 98), via Ingcnbolil, 
Unter- and Ober-Schonenbuch, or via Morschach (see al)Ove), and back on 
the right ])ank via Ibacli or S('hwyz in 2V4 hrs.; by the Axenstrasse to 
(2=74 hrs.) FlUcJcn, or by steainboat to Tcllsplatto and on foot to (IV4 hr.) 
FlUelen (shady till 10 a.m.), returning i)y railway; to the Riitli (hc(? p. 122; 
rowing boat in Va br., see p. 120), and thence, or via Trcib, to Scolisberg 
(p. 119); ascent of the Rigi (p. 124; 1 day); by the St. (Jotthard Hailway 
to (ittschenen-Anderniatt and back (RR. 33, 3^1; 1 day). 

At Brunricri bogins the 8. nrni of the lake, called the Urn cr See 
or "Lake of Uri. 'I'he mountains rise V(!ry sibniptly, and the lake 

122 TI. B. 28. -Map, p. 114. TELL'8 PLATTE. Lake of 

narrows. Lofty peaks, often snow-clad, peep through the gorges at 
intervals, in particular the huge Uri-Rotstock with its glacier. By 
the sharp angle which juts into the lake from the W, bank rises the 
Mythenstein, a rock 80' high, bearing an inscription in memory of 
Schiller, the 'Bard of Tell'. 

About ^4 hr. farther on, above the steamboat-station of Rutli, 
is the grassy clearing in the wood called the Riitli, or Griltli 
(1646'), with three springs trickling from an artificial wall, and 
shaded with trees. This spot, with the Rutlihmis in the old Swiss 
style (rfmts.) and pretty grounds, belongs to the Confederation. At 
a fine point of view, 5 min. to the E., is a block of granite with 
medallions of the author and the composer of the 'Rtitlilied'. 

On this spot, in the night of 7th Nov., 1307, thirty -three men, from 
Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden, assembled and swore to drive out their 
oppressors. Tradition relates that the three fountains sprang up on the spot 
where the three confederates, Werner Staiiffacher of Steinen in Schwyz, 
E?my an der Halden of Melchtal in Unterwalden, and Walter Filrst of 
Attinghausen in Uri, stood when the oath was taken. — A shady path hence 
ascends in -^4 hr. to the Gr. Hotel Seelisberg (p. 119). Boat from Brunnen 
to the Riitli, see p. 120; pleasant also to row (3-4 fr.) to Treib (p. 119). 

On the E. bank of the lake runs the *Axenstrasse, leading 
from Brunnen to (8^2 ^0 Fliielen, of strikingly bold construction, 
being mainly hewn in the rock. It was made by Cantons Uri and 
Schwyz in 1863-65. Below, alongside, or above the road, runs the 
St. Gotthard Railway (p. 141), skirting the lake in many tunnels and 
cuttings. The steamer touches at Sisikon {Hdt.-Pens. Schiller- 
steiuy 30 beds, pens. 5^2-7 f r. ; Hdt.-Pens. Urirotstock. 32 beds, 
pens. 4-6^/2 fr., Hdt.-Pens. Rophaien, 30 beds, 4^2 "^ ^^-i ^oth 
good) at the entrance to the narrow Rieraenstalden-Tal (p. 99). 

From the hamlet of (li/a hr.) Riemenstalden (3410'; inn), to which a 
pleasant route also leads from Morschach over the height of St. Frauziskus 
in IV2 hr. (road under construction), the Ropliaien (6830'; fine view of 
the Lake of Lucerne) is easily ascended in 21/2-3 hrs. Steep descent (with 
guide), by the Buggisgrat, to the (2V4 hrs.) Hot. Tellsplatte. — The 
Rosstock (8080'; 3Va-4 hrs., with guide), with splendid view, is another 
easy ascent from Riemenstalden (comp. p. 142). — The Liedernen or 
Kaiserstock (8265'; 41/3 hrs., with guide) is not difficult for experts. — 
Over the Katzenzagel to Muotatal, see p. 99. 

Stat. Tell's Platte {Restaurant, with baths, at the landing- 
place), 8 min. above which (new road), on the Axenstrasse, is the 
"^Hdt.-Pens. Tellsplatte (1680' ; 55 beds at 3-4, B. IV4, D- 3, pens. 
6-8 fr.), with grounds and view. A little to the S. of the landing- 
place (path in 2 min.) is the 'Platte^ a ledge of rock at the base 
of the Axenherg , shaded by trees, on which stands Tell's 
Chapel, rebuilt in 1881, and adorned with four frescoes by E. 
Sttickelberg (d. 1903). It is said to have been originally erected 
by Canton Uri in 1388 on the spot where, according to the legend. 
Tell sprang out of Gessler's boat. Near the chapel the lake is 
640' deep. The finest part of the Axenstrasse is between the Tells- 
platte Hotel and Fliielen (2^2 M-; shady in the morning), where it 

Lucerne. FLOELEN. Maps, pp. 114, 160. ~ II. B. 28. 123 

pierces the curiously contorted limestone strata of the Axenfluh, 

360' above the lake, by means of a tunnel. Beyond the chapel, 

Fliielen (^4 hr. by steamer) becomes visible. Scenery very striking. 

Opposite the chapel, on the W. bank, lies the hamlet of Bauen 

(p. 120), and farther on is the dynamite-factory of Isleten, at the 

mouth of the Isental. 

Fliielen. — Hotels. *Gkand Hot. Adler, 80 beds at 2-6, B. 11/2, 
L. 2V2-3, B. 31/2-5, pens, from 8 fr. ; *Croix Blanche, 50 beds at 2-4, B. II/4, 
L. 2Va-3, D. 31/2-4, pens. 7-8 fr. ; *Tell & Post, 30 beds at IV2-2V2, B. IV4, 
D. 2-21/2, pens. 6-7 fr. ; *H6t. du Lac, B. 2, L. 3, D. 4, pens. 6-8 fr. ; Flueler- 
HOF, pens. 4-7 fr., well spoken of; *Stern, R. 2-21/2, pens. 5-7 f r. ; St. 
Gotthard, pens. 41/2-7 fr.: National, pens. 41/2-61/2 f r. ; Hirsch, Rose, 
LiNDE, at all these R. I1/2-21/2, B. 1, pens. 41/2-6 fr. — On the Axenstrasse, 
1/4 M. from the rail, station, Hot. -Pens. Park Rudenz, open March-Nov., 
with garden, 80 beds at 21/2-^, B. I1/4, L. 21/2, B. 3-4, pens. 6-8 fr. ; Chalet 
Touriste (temperance), R. I1/2-2, B. 1 fr. ; Edelweiss (temperance), pens. 
4-5 fr. — KuRHAUS Moosbad (pens. 6-12 fr., well spoken of), 1 M. to the S., 
near a wood, with mineral spring. — Restaurant Bahnhof (heQigSii- den), good. 
— Baths in the lake, at the N. end of the village (50 c). — Electric Tramicay 
to Altdorf (p. 141) every 1/4-^/4 br. in 13 min. (30 c, there and back 50 c.j. 

Fluelen (941 inhab.) is the port of Uri and a station of the 
St. Grotthard Railway (p. 141). Beyond the old church is the small 
chateau of Rudenz j once owned by the Attinghausen family. The 
Reuss, which falls into the lake between Fliielen and Seedorf, has 
been 'canalised' here (1/2 hr.'s walk, or ^1^ hr. by boat, to its influx). 

The Isental (see Map, p. 160 ; guides, Josef, Jost, and Karl Aschwanden, 
Job. and Jos. Gasser, Albin Infanger, at Isental) is traversed by a good new 
road beginning at the pier at Isleten (see above; diligence with 2-3 seats to 
Isental in summer twice daily in I1/4 hr., descent 40 min. ; one-horse carriage, 
to be ordered beforehand from Gasser's Inn, 1 pers. 5, 2 pers. 7, 3 pers. 10 fr. ; 
from Isental to Isleten 1-4 pers. 5 fr.). The road crosses the Isental stream 
and ascends for 1/2 hr. in five wide curves, commanding splendid views of 
the Lake of Uri, the Reuss valley, the Bristenstock, etc. The ascent then 
becomes more gentle as we proceed high above the right bank of tlie stream 
to (1/2 hr.) Isental (see below). From Altdorf via Seedorf to Isental 21/2 hrs. ; 
the footpath joins the new road 1 M. above the pier at Isleten. — At the 
prettily situated village of Isental (2550'; M. Gasser^s Inn, twelve beds, 
and Furrer^s, seven beds, both clean), at the S. base of the precipitous 
Oberhauen (6960'), which may be ascended via the Bauherg Alp in 31/2- 
4 hrs. (guide 7 fr., to Emmetten 12 fr. ; comp. p. 118), the valley divides 
into the Grosstal to the right and the Kleintal to the left. Through the 
Gkosstal, in which lies the Alpine hamlet of (3/4 hr.) l^t. Jakob (3235'), 
we may proceed to the W., passing over the Schonegg Pass (6294'), be- 
tween the Ilohe Briseii (7940') and the Kaiserstock (7885'), to Ober-Ricken- 
bach and (S'/g hrs.) Wolfenschiessen (p. 161; guide 12 fr.). A more interest- 
ing but also more difficult route (guide 18 fr.) leads to the S.W., via 
the tSchontal Glacier and the Rotgratli (8420'), between tlie Engclljorger 
Rotstock and the Ifasenstock, to (10 hrs.) Engelberg. The Engelbcrgcr 
Rotstock (9250') may be ascended without difficulty from the Rotgratli in 
1 hr. (comp. p. 164). — Over tiie Jochli and the Buhlalp to ('lVa--^> brs.) 
Nieder-Rickeubach^ see p. Ull. 

Through the Kleintal (see above) leads the shortest route to the 
summit of the Uri-Rotstock (6-6i/a hrs.; for exjjerts with steady heads 
only; guide 18, or with descent to Engelherg 25 fr.). A fatiguing nalh 
leads to tin; (2Va hrs.) Musen Alp (4885'; night-cniartcrs in the chahit); 
then a toilsome ascent across two torrents and along precipices of slate- 
rock to the uj)per snow-fields of the Kleintal Glacier, to the K. of the 

124 n. Route 29. EiGI. 

Kesselstock (8456'); next an ascent in a long curve over the neve to the 
(4 hrs.) arete separating it from the Bllimlisalp Glacier (striking view of 
the Bernese Alps) ; lastly by an obvious path over slopes of rubble to 
the (V4 hr.) summit of the *Uri-Ilotstock (9620'). — An easier, but longer, 
route through the Grosstal (p. 123; guide 15 fr.), leads via St. Jakob 
(p. 12o), and thence either to the (2V2 hrs.) Biwald Alp (5593'; tourist- 
hut belonging to Herr Gasser, p. 123), or by a steep and rough path to the 
(3 hrs.) Haiigbaum Alp (5660'; tourist-hut, not cheap). From the Biwald 
Hut (starting early in the morning) we ascend, over grassy slopes and 
debris, along the N. edge of the Bliimlisalp Glacier, to the ridge between 
the Grosstal and Kleintal; and lastly towards the W. to the (41/2 hrs.) 
summit, which is usually free from snow in summer. The mountain- 
group which culminates in the Uri-Rotstock and the Brunnistock (9683') 
is, like the Titlis, almost perpendicular on the E. and S.E. sides (towards 
the Gitschen-Tal and Surenen), and is composed of gigantic and fantastic- 
ally contorted limestone rocks. The *View from the summit is exceed- 
ingly grand: to the S. the chain of the Alps, from the Sentis, Rhatikon, 
and Bernina on the E. to the Diablerets on the W. ; at our feet, 8000' 
below, the Lake of Lucerne and the Schachen-Tal; to the N.E., N., and 
N.W. the Mythen, Rossberg, Rigi, Pilatus, and the Entlebuch Mts., the 
lower hills of is. Switzerland, and the plains of S. Germany. — Easy 
descent by the Blttmlisalp Glacier, the ScMosstor, and the Engelherger- 
Joch to the (3V2 hrs.) Ruckhubel Club Hut and to (2 hrs.) Engelberg (p. 164). 
— The Gitschen (8250'), the E. summit of the Uri-Rotstock group, may 
be ascended from Isental by adepts in 4-41/2 brs. (laborious; guide 15 fr.). 
The view is grand and picturesque. We may follow the arete on the 
N. side of the summit to the (IV2 br.) Kleintalfirn and the (IV2 hr.) Uri- 
Rotstock (see above). 

29. The Rigi. 

The Mountain Railw^ays which ascend from Vitznau and Arth are 
now used by most visitors to this famous point of view. The trip may 
easily be made from Lucerne or Ziirich in one day (circular tickets good 
for 10 days from Lucerne via Vitznau to Rigi-Kulm, and back via Arth- 
Goldau and Meggen, 2nd cl. 13 fr. 50, 3rd cl. 10 fr. 25 c, or back via 
Vitznau and FlUelen, 1st cl. 15 fr. 80 c). The lines are on the rack-and- 
pinion system. Between the rails run two others connected by cross-bars, 
on which works a cog-wheel under the engine. The latter is always 
])laced below the passenger-car. Maximum gradient of the Vitznau line 
1:4, of the Arth line 1 : 5. The average speed is 4-6 M. per hour. 

The Footpaths to the top of the Rigi are now little used , but the 
descent to Weggis (2-2V2 hrs. ; see p. 127) is recommended. 

Hotels. On the Kulm (p. 127): *Schreiber's Rigi-Kulm Hotels 
(three houses, the two higher and older being now depen dances of the 
lowest; restaurant on the ground-floor of the last, beer and wine room 
in the middle one), open April 15th-Dec. 1st, 500 beds at 4-7, B. 1^/4, 
L. 4, D. 5, pens. 12-14 fr. — On the Rigi-Stafl'el (p. 126), where all the 
routes converge, V2 hr. below the Kulm.: *H6t. -Pens. Rigi-Staffel, May- 
Oct., 175 beds at 2-31/2, D. 4, S. 3, pens. 8-91/2 fr- ; Hotel Felchlin 
(in summer only), 90 beds, R. 2-3, D. 2-2i/a, pens, from 6 fr. ; Hotel Rigi- 
BAHN, May Ist-Oct. 1st, R. 2 fr., B. 1 fr. SO c, D. 2 fr. ; Hot. -Pens. Edel- 
weiss, 45 beds from I1/2, B. 1, D. I1/2-3, pens. 5-7 fr. — *Grand Hotel 
Rigi-Kaltbad (p. 125), i/a hr. below the Staffel, to the W., June 15th-Sept. 
20th and Dec. 15th -March 15th, .300 beds, R. 3-15, L. IVa, D. 6, pens. 10- 
25 fr. (covered promenade; hot and cold baths; Engl. Church Service; 
chaises-a-porteurs at the station). *H6tel-Pens. Bellevue , near stat. 
Kaltbad, open in winter also, 100 beds, R. 2-4, B. I1/2, L. 3, D. 4, pens. 7-9 fr. 
-*H6tel- Pension Rigi-First, on the Scheidegg railway, June Ist-Sept. 
.30th, 180 beds, R. 3-8, B. l^/^, D. 5, S. 4, pens. 10-16 fr. (exchange of meals 
with the Hot. du Pare and Vitznauer Hof at Vitznau, p. 117). — *Sonne, 









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May 15th -Oct. 16tli, 250 beds at 2-4, B. IV4, D. 3, pens, b^l^-^^l^ fr. ; 
*ScHWERT (end of June-Sept.), 120 beds, R. 2-3, B. 1 fr. 30 c, D. 3, S. 2Va, 
pens. 6-71/2 fr., both by the Kl6sterli (p. 127). — *H6tel des Alpes, be- 
tween the Klosterli and the Statfel, 70Deds, pens. 4Va-6 fr. — Hot.-Pens. 
Rigi-Felsentor (p. 127), 10 min. from stat. Romiti-Felsentor (see below), 
pens. 5-6V2 fr. ; *Kuranstalt & Pension Grubisbalm, 10 min. from stat. 
Freibergen (see below), pens, from 51/2 fi'. — Hot.-Pens. Rigi-Unterstetten 
(p. 129), plain but good, R. 2-2V2, pens. 5-7 fr. — *Kurhaus Rigi-Scheidegg 
(p. 129), June 15th-0ct. 1st, 200 beds at 31/2-6, B. IV2, L. 31/2, D- 4, S. 3, 
pens. 8-15 fr. (special dishes for dyspeptics ; Engl. Church Service). 

The **Iligi (5905', or 4470' above the Lake of Lucerne), a 
mountain group about 35 M. in circuit, lying between the lakes of 
Lucerne, Zug, and Lowerz, consists chiefly of conglomerate, while 
the N. and W. sides belong to the miocene formation. The N. side 
is abrupt, but the S. side consists of broad terraces and gentle 
slopes, covered with pastures and woods, and planted below with 
fig, chestnut, and almond trees. Owing to its isolation, the Rigi 
commands a panorama 400 M. in circumference, unsurpassed for 
beauty in Switzerland. The mountain was known to a few travellers 
in the 18th cent., but it was not till after the peace of 1815 that 
it became a resort of tourists. In 1816 a modest inn was erected 
on the Kulm by subscription, and in 1848 this was superseded by 
the oldest of the houses on the summit. Since then many inns have 
sprung up on other parts of the hill, and the Rigi is now one of 
the most popular of Swiss resorts. 

From Yitznau to the Rigi-Kulm, 41/2 M., Rack-and-Pinion Rail- 
way (opened in 1871) 9 times daily in summer, in IV4 hr., fare 7 fr. (to 
Kaltbad 41/2, Staffel 6 fr.) ; descent in the same time, fare 3V2 fi'- ; 10 lbs. 
of luggage free. In favourable weather in winter also two or three trains 
start daily for Rigi-Kaltbad and one for Rigi-Kulm. First-class return- 
tickets from Lucerne to the Rigi via Vitznau 13V2 f r. ; Sunday tickets 6V2 f i'- 
(by trains leaving Lucerne at 5.30 and 7.45 a.m.). Combined return-ticket 
from Vitznau to Rigi-Kulm, incl. R., S., and B. at the Kulm Hotel, 22 fr. 
Return-tickets give no alternative return-route. Subscription-tickets 30 
per cent cheaper. 

Vitznau (1443'), see p. 117. The station (buffet) is near the 
quay. The train (views to the left) ascends gradually through the 
village (1:15), and afterwards more rapidly (1:4) over wooded 
meadows. A *View of the lake is soon disclosed, grander as we 
ascend. Opposite first appears the dark Biirgenstock, then the 
Stanser Horn, Pilatus, and Lucerne. Farther up the Alps of Uri, 
Engelberg, and Bern peer above the lower hills. The train (20 min. 
after starting) goes through a tunnel 73 yds. long, crosses the 
Schnurtohelj or ravine of the Gruhishach, 75' deep, by a bridge 
borne by five iron pillars, and soon reaches the station of Grubis- 
balm, near the Kuranstalt of that name (see above). Beyond the station 
of (Vl^ M.) Freiberfjen (3355') the line is double. 274 M. Eomifi- 
Felserdor (31^55'; romp. p. 127) and (48 min. from Yitznau) — 

28/4 M. Rigi-Kaltbad (4725'); to the left is the large Hotel 
(\). 124), with its covered promenade, on a shcltt red |)lat«'au. 

126 tl. R.29.^Map,p.l24. RIGI. Btaifel. 

A path leads through a gap in the rock, to the left of the Kurhaus, 
to (5 min.) St. Michaers Chapel, the walls of which are covered with 
mimeroiis votive tablets. One of those on the left records that two pious 
sisters sought refuge here from the persecutions of a governor of the 
district in the time of King Albert, and built the chapel. The spring 
(42° Fahr.) adjoining the chapel was formerly called the 'Schwesternborn'. 

A level path among the conglomerate blocks near the chapel, after- 
wards traversing park-like grounds , leads to the (10 min.) *Kaiiz©li 
(4820'), a pavilion on a projecting rock, which commands a superb view 
of the snow-mountains, and of the plain towards the N. with its numerous 
lakes, similar to that from the Statfel, but with a more picturesque fore- 
ground.- A path leads hence to Staffelhohe station in 20 min. and thence, 
skirting the railway and the W. slope of the Rigi-Rotstock, in 10 min. to 

Railway from the Kaltbad to the Scheidegg, see p. 129. 

Beyond (372 M.) Staffelhohe (5090') a magnificent view towards 
the W. and N. is suddenly disclosed. The train then ascends to 
the left, round the Rigi-Rotstock, in 8 min. to (3^/^ M.) Rigi- 
Staffel (5220'), the junction of the Arth line (p. 127). 

The *E,igi-Botstock (5460'), 1/4 hr. to the S.E. (direct path from the 
Kaltbad 35 min.), affords a very picturesque survey of the central part 
of the Lake of Lucerne , which is not visible from the Kulm. A clear 
view is often enjoyed from this point while the Kulm is in fog. The 
sunset is said to be liner from the Rotstock than from the Kulm, but 
the sunrise should be witnessed from the latter. 

The raihvay (here parallel with the Arth line) now ascends 

steeply to the Kulm (in 7 min.; a walk of 40 min.), skirting the 

N. side of the ridge. 4\/2M. Station Rigi-Kulm (5740'), see p. 127. 

From Arth-Goldau to the Rigi-Kulm, 51/3 M., Rack-and-Pinion 
Railway (electric) 9 times daily in summer in I1/4 hr. ; fares 10 fr. 80, 
7 fr. 20 c. (to the Klosterli 4 fr. 80 , Staffel 6 fr. 40 c.) ; descent in the 
same time, 5 fr. 40, 3 fr. 60 c. ; return-tickets 14 fr. 60, 9 fr. 75 c. ; Sunday- 
tickets 9 fr., 6 fr. — Electric tramway from Arth to Arth-Groldau in 1/4 br. 
(fare 25 c.), see p. 134; the terminus adjoins the G-otthard station. 

Arth- Goldau (1725'; Rail. Restaurant), see p. 140. The station 
of the Rigi railway is about 100 yds. to the W. of the main St. Gott- 
hard station; travellers ascend from the road by a flight of steps 
to the ticket-office and waiting-rooms. The Rigi line (best views 
on the right) crosses the Gotthard railway, traverses part of the 
scene of the Goldau landslip (p. 140), and curves to the W. ; it then 
ascends more rapidly, at the foot of the Scheidegg, to (1^/4 M.) 
sisiiion Krctbel (2513'). Farther on, ascending 1' in 5', we skirt the 
precipitous Krdbelwandj and obtain a fine view of the valley and 
lake of Lowerz, with the island of Schwanau, the My then near 
Schwyz, the Rossberg, with the scene of the great landslip, and 
the Lake of Zug. Beyond the Rotenfluh Tunnel we are carried 
through a fine wooded valley, and across the Rotenfluhbach^ to the 
(1^/4 M.) passing-station Fruttli (3730'). Still ascending rapidly, 
the train traverses the Pfedernwald, crosses the Dossenbach and 
(beyond the Pfedernwald Tunnel) the Schildbaeh, and reaches 
(372 M.; 52 min. from Arth - Goldau) -— 

Kutm. MGh Map,p.l24. — IL B.29. 12? 

33/4 M. Rigi-Klosterli (4320'; hotels, p. 125), in a basin 
enclosed by the Rigi-Kulm, Rotstock, and First. The 'Klosterli' 
is a small Capuchin monastery, with the chapel of Maria zum 
Schnee, built in 1715-21, and much visited by pilgrims, especially 
on 2nd July and 8th Sept.; on Sundays there is mass with a sermon 
for the herdsmen. This spot has no view, but is sheltered, and the 
air is often clear while the Kulm, Staffel, and Scheidegg are shrouded 
in mist. The Heinrichs-Hutte (inn in summer) lies 3 min. above the 
monastery. Walk from the Klosterli to the Rigi-First 20 min., to 
Unterstetten ^/g hr. , to the Staffel, the Rotstock, or the Schild 
3/4 hr., to the Dossen or Kulm 1^4 hr., to the Scheidegg l^/g hr. 

From (41/4 M.) Wolfertschen- First (4865') a nearly level road 
leads in 10 min. to the Hotel Rigi-First (p. 129). 

At (43/4 M.) Stat. Rigi-Staffel (p. 126) a striking *View is 
suddenly disclosed to the W. and N. To the (5^3 M.) Rigi-Kulnij 
see p. 126. 

Foot and Bridle Paths up the Rigi (coinp. p. 124). From Weggis 
(p. 116) a bridle-path (31/2 hrs.), which cannot be missed (finger-post 5 min. 
from the landing-place) , winds at first through productive orchards and 
farther on generally through wood. 50 min. Sentiberg Restaurant (2755'); 
25 min. Ueilig - Kreuz - Kapelle (3150'); V2 hr. Hotel- Pens. Rigi - Felsejitor 
(3642'; p. 125), near the Hochstein or Kdsbissen, an arch formed of huge 
masses of conglomerate. The path ascends to the left (straight on, station 
Romiti, p. 125) and farther on runs parallel to the railway. Beyond (2/4 hr.) 
KaltbadX^. 125) we cross the line, skirt the Rotstock (to the left), and then 
again ascend alongside the railway to (1/2 hr.) Staffel. This route commands 
beautiful views and is recommended for the descent (comp. p. 124). 

From ViTZNAu (p. 117) a path (finger-posts), shadeless in the after- 
noon, ascends through the ravine of the Schnurtobel, uniting after 1^/4 hr. 
(V2 hr. below the Kaltbad) with the Weggis path (see above). 

From Kussnacht (p. 135), 31/2 hrs., bridle-path (the easiest route). 
From the Tell Fountain, in the middle of the village, a lane to the E. 
leads to a finger-post indicating the good path to the (IV2 hr.) Vordere 
Seeboden Alp (3372'; Hot. -Pens., 5-6 fr.), a splendid point of view. Then 
(5 min.) our path unites with those from Immeusee and Tell's Chapel. 
Lastly a steep zigzag ascent, partly through wood, to the (IV4 hr.) Rigi- 
Htaffel (p. 126). 

From Gtoldau (p. 140), 3V2 hrs., an excellent ])ridle-path. Opposite 
the Ilossli, l>elow the chapel, we diverge to the right from the Arth and 
Schwyz road, and ascend to the left of the Aa through meadows, pine- 
wood, and rocky dtUjris, by steps at places. To the left, the precipitous 
Rotenfiuh (5233'). 1 hr. Unteres Ddchli (30^3'; inn); good retrospect of 
the valley of Goldau , Lake of Lowerz , and the Mythen of Schwyz. At 
(20 min.) the Oberes DClchli , with its fresh spring, the wood is quitted; 
on the opposite side of the valley runs the railway. The second half of 
the route is easier. 10 min. Malchus- Kapelle (3937'); Va hr. KlOsterli 
(see above); thence to the Rigi-Sta/fel (p. 126) 40 min., to the First (p. 129) 
20 minutes. 

The Rigi-Kulm (5905'), the highest and northerninost point 
of the Kigi, descends abruptly on the N. to the Lake of Ziig, while 
on the 8.W. side it joins that part of the mountain which encloses 
the basin of the Klosterli and extends to the Scheidegg. At the 
lop rises a wooden belvedere. The hotels (p. 124) stand about 100' 
below the summit, sheltered from the W. and N. winds. 

128 II. R. 29. — Map, p. 124. RJCxI. Kulm. 

The Kulm almost always presents a busy scene, especially in 
the morning and evening. The light-elfects are finest just before 
sunset, but on hot days the higher mountains are often shrouded 
in clouds. The early morning olfers a better guarantee for a clear 
view. Half-an-hour before sunrise the alp-horn sounds the reveille. 
All is at once noise and bustle; the crowded hotels are for the 
nonce without a tenant; and the summit is thronged with an eager 
multitude, enveloped in all manner of wraps. 

A faint streak in the E., gradually paling the brightness of the 

stars, heralds the birth of day. This insensibly changes to a band 

of gold on the horizon ; each lofty peak becomes tinged with a 

roseate blush; the shadows between the Eigi and the horizon melt 

away; forests, lakes, hills, towns, and villages are revealed; all is 

grey and cold, until the sun bursts from behind the mountains in 

all his majesty, flooding the superb landscape with light and warmth. 

**Vi0"W. The first object that absorbs our attention is the stupend- 
ous range of the snow-clad Alps, 125 M. in length (comp. the Panorama). 
The chain begins in the far E. with the Sentis in Canton Appenzell, over 
or near which the first rays of the rising sun appear in summer. This 
is adjoined by the huge snowy crest of the Gldrnisch; then, the Todi, 
in front of which are the Clariden, and to the right the double peak of 
the Scheerhor7i ; next, the Gi'osse Ruchen, the two Windgdllen, and the 
pyramid of the Bristenstock on the St. Gotthard route ; then the Brunni- 
stoc/c and the Uri-Rotstock side by side; next, the hiosid Schlossberg and 
the serrated Spaiinorter, and more to the right the Titlis, easily recognised 
by its vast mantle of snow, and the rocky face of the Wendenstock. 
The eye next travels to the mountains of the Hasli-Tal, then to the 
Bernese Alps, crowning the landscape with their majestic peaks. To the 
extreme left is the Finsteraarhorn , next to it the Lauteraarhorn and 
the Schreckhorn, the Wetterhorner (Rosenhorn, Mittelhorn, and Wetter- 
horn), the broad Monch, the sombre Eiger , and (behind, to the right) 
the Jungfrau with the Silberhorn; still farther W. the snow-covered 
Bliimlisalp. To the W. tower the jagged peaks of Pilatus, the extreme 
outpost of the Alps in this direction. — Towards the North we survey 
the entire Lake of Zug, with the villages of Zug, Cham, Risch, Walchwil, 
and Arth. To the left of Lake Zug, on the ridge between Immensee and 
Ktlssnacht, stands TeWs Chapel; then, separated from Lake Zug by a 
narrow strip of land, the Ktissnacht Bay of the Lake of Lucerne; more 
to the W., Lucerne with its battlements and towers, at the head of its 
bay. Beyond Lucerne is seen the hilly district of the cantons of Lucerne 
and Aargau, dotted with villages and intersected by the Emme and the 
Reuss. More distant are th^ lakes of Sempach, Baldegg, and Hallwil. — 
To the West and North- West the horizon is bounded by the Jura Mts., 
above which peep several of the Vosges. — To the North, but to the left 
of the Lake of Zug, in the distance, rises the Hapshurg ; farther off is 
the Black Forest. Beyond Lake Zug is seen the crest of the Alhis with 
the Uetliberg, which nearly conceals the Lake of Ztirich ; the long cantonal 
hospital and the cathedral of Zurich are, however, visible, with the large 
Hotel Bolder above them. On the horizon rise the basaltic cones of the 
Hohgaii. — To the East is the Rossberg , the S. slope of which was the 
scene of the terrible Groldau landslip (p. 140). Beyond its N. slope we 
get a glimpse of the Lake of Aegeri. In the valley lie the Lake of 
Lowerz, and the town of Schwyz, at the foot of the two bald Mythen, 
overtopped by the imposing Gldrnisch (see above). — To the South-East 
and South the different heights of the Rigi form the foreground: the 
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Scheidegg. RIGI. Map, p. 124. — II. R. 29. 129 

of the Lake of Lucerne is seen near Beckenried , and to the right the 
Bay of Buochs, with the Buochser Horn above it ; more to the right the 
Stanser Horn with Stans at its base ; nearer, the less lofty Biirgenstock 
and t\ni Rigi-Rotstock. Beyond these, to the left, is the Lake of Sarnen, 
amid forest; to the right, the Bay of Alp?iach, separated from the Lake 
of Lucerne by the Lopperberg, a spur of Pilatus. 

For a quarter of an hour before and after sunrise the view is 
clearest; at a later hour the mists form into clouds, which often 
completely shroud the Kulm. But even the mists possess a certain 
charm, surging in the depths of the valleys, and struggling against 
the rays of the sun. One whole day at least should be devoted to 
the Rigi. A visit may also be paid to the Staffel (p. 126) and the 
Rotstock (p. 126), the Kaltbad (p. 125) and the Kanzeli (p. 126), 
the Klosterli (p. 127), the Dossen, or the Scheidegg (see below). 

As the temperature often varies 40-50° within 24 hours, wraps should 
not be forgotten. During the Fohn, or S. wind, the Alps seem to draw 
nearer, their outlines become more definite, their tints warmer; and 
during a W. wind the Jura Mts. present a similar appearance. These 
phenomena portend rain. 

From the Kaltbad to the Rigi-Scheidegg. — 41/4 M. Railway 
(ordinary line) in 40 min. ; fare 2 fr. 50, there and back '6 fr. 70 c. 

Rigi-Kalthad (4720'), see p. 125. The railway skirts the S. 
slope of the Rotstock, being hewn in the rock the greater part 
of the way, and ascends gradually to (^g ^O Rigi- First (4770'; 
Hotelj see p. 124), which commands a superb view of the Lake of 
Lucerne, the Uri and Unterwalden Mts., and the Bernese Alps 
(road in 10 min. to Wolfertschen station, p. 127; new rock-path, 
with splendid views, in 25 min. to Unterstetten). The train de- 
scribes a wide curve round the N. slopes of the Schild (5088'; 
20 min. from the Hotel Rigi- First), aifording a pleasant view, 
towards the E., of the Mythen, the Glarnisch, and the Alps of Appen- 
zell. Beyond (1^/4 M. ) stat. Unterstetten (hotel, see p. 125) we 
traverse the saddle of the hill and cross a bridge, with a view to 
the N. and S. We pass through the Weissenegg Tunnel, cross the 
Dossentohel, and follow the ridge connecting the Dossen with the 
Scheidegg (view towards the S.) to — 

4^/4 M. Rigi -Scheidegg, 190' below the Kurhaus (5460'; 
p. 125). The view hence is less extensive than from the Kulm, but 
it embraces the chief mountains and some points not visible from 
the Kulm (view-tower, 70' high; panorama at the hotel). Alpine 
garden near the hotel (adm. 50 c). The plateau of the Scheidegg, 
I M. long, affords a pleasant walk, which may be prolonged by 
the 'Seeweg' (lake promenade) on the S. slope of the Dossen as 
far as Unterstetten. The Dossen (5540'; see p. 130), a splendid 
point of vi«'w, is •'^/^ hr. distant. 

The *Hochfluh (6676') may be ascfnid'Ml in !»/«-- •'»«• ^""O"' the 
Scheidegg, by a path which followR th<^ ridge, ])aHHiiig the (Uittrrli (p. 119) 
and Hcharteggli (4^;26'). In the couloir, on the N.W. Hide of the Kummit, 

liALHSKEK, Switzerland. LMth Edition. y. 

130 II- R. 30. -Mar, p. J J 4. BOKGENSTOCK. 

an almost perpendicular iron ladder, 80' high, must be ascended (wire- 
railing; steady head indispensable). This interesting ascent affords a 
most picturesque view of the Lake of Uri and of the Alps of Uri, 
Schwyz , and Glarus. The older route (2-2V2hrs.), crossing the saddle 
towards the Zihlistock Alp, and ascending among the rocks on the S. 
side, has also been improved, and is preferable to the route via the 
couloir on the N. side (see p. 119). 

Paths to the Scheidegg. From Gtersau (p. 118) a road ascends to 
(iVa hr.) Ober-Gschivend (p. 119), whence a footpath (red marks) leads via 
the (3/4 hr.) Alp Obermatt (41(50') to (IV4 hr.) Rigi - Scheidegg. 

From the Klosteri>i (p. 127) a bridle-path ascends to the (Va hr.) 
Uotel Rigi-Unterstetten (p. 129), situated on the saddle between the 
Schild and Dosseii (5540'). The latter, ascended from the Hotel Unter- 
stetten in 40 min., commands the whole of the Lake of Lucerne and 
Canton Unterwalden. Descent via Unterdossen to Scheidegg in 40 minutes. 

30. Prom Lucerne to Alpnach-Stad. 
Biirgenstock. Pilatus. 

Brunig Rail, vr ay from Lucerne to (8 M.) Alpnach-Stad in Va ^'i- 
(1 fr. 45, 1 fr. 5, or 75 c. ; return-tickets 2 fr. 20, 1 fr. 40, 95 c.); see 
p. 165. — Steamboat 8 times daily in lV4-lVa hr. (1 fr. 80, 90 c., return- 
tickets 2 fr. 70, 1 fr; 30 c). Passengers with through-tickets may travel 
as far as Alpnach-Stad either by the Brtlnig Railway or by the steam- 
boat. — The ascent by the Pilatus Railway (p. 132 ; 8 trains daily) 
takes 1 hr. 25 min., the descent 1 hr. 20 min.; fares, up 10, down 6 fr. ; 
return-fare for the first and the last train 12 fr. ; combined tickets for 
railway and hotel (including R., D., & B.) 25 fr., recommended; Sunday 
tickets, valid only for the first and second trains (return by any train) 
9 fr. (from Lucerne 10 fr.). 

The Brunig Railvtay to Alpnach-Stad, via Hergiswil, see p. 166. 
— The Steamboat skirts the W. bank, passing the Villa Trih- 
schen (occupied by Richard Wagner in 1866-72) and the stations 
of St. Niklausen (Hot. -Pens. St. Niklausen) and Kastanienhaum 
(Pens. Kastanienhaum, 6-8 fr.). It then crosses the entrance of 
the bay of Stansstad to (20-30 min. from Lucerne) Kehrsiten- 
Burgenstock (restaurant; *Hot. -Pens. Friedrich von Schiller, 
50 beds, pens. 5-7 fr.), the station for the Biirgenstock. 

The *Burgen stock (upper station 2870', about 1480' above the lake), 
an isolated hill with steep and wooded slopes and charming views, cul- 
minating in the Hammetschwand (see below), is well adapted for a stay. 
Electric Cable Railway (1024 yds. in length; average gradient 45:100) 
from Kehrsiten in 1/4 hr. (1 fr. 50 c. , 1 fr. , return-ticket 2 fr. 50 or 
1 fr. 50 c). 

Hotels (all with view-terraces). * Palace Hotel (June 20th to end of 
Sept.), 3 min. to the N. of the station, 200 beds, R. 6-25, B. 2, L. 41/2, 
D. 51/2, pens. 16-35 f r. ; *Grand Hotel (May 1st to end of Sept.), 5 min. 
to the S.E. of the station, with shady grounds, 240 beds, R. 4-10, B. VI2, 
L. 4, D. 5, pens. 11-18 fr. ; *Park Hold (June to end of Sept.), between 
the station and the Palace Hotel, 140 beds, R. 4-8, B. iVa? L- 4, D. 5, 
pens, from IOVq fr. ; these three belonging to Hr. Bucher-Durrer, with 
resident physician, orchestra, baths, etc. (visitors' tax 21/2 fi'- P^r week); 
*H6t.-Pens. Waldheim (60 beds, R. 2V.j-4, pens. 6-9 fr. ; *H6t.- Pens. Kur- 
hau8 Honegg (p. 131), June to mid-Sept., 70 beds at 3-5, B. 11/2? ^- '^j 
S. 8V27 pens. 7-12 fr.; *H6t. Kurhaus Mattgrat (p. 131), June Ist-Oct. 1st., 
45 beds, pens. 6i/a-10 fr. — Railway Restaurant with view-terrace at the 

STANSSTAD. ^^i^p, p. Ji4.~n. E. 30. 131 

upper station (L. 3V2 fr.); Restau7'atit Helvetia, at the begiuniug of the 
Felseuweg. — Post and Telegraph Office near the station. — E^iglish 
Church (Service in summer. 

Walks. The hotels and several points near them command beautiful 
views of the lakes of Lucerne, Zug, Sempach, and Baldegg, the Rigi, etc. 
A road leads to the S.E. past the dairy of Trogen (Pens. Trogen, 5-5'/2 fi'O 
to the (1/2 ill'-) saddle of the Honegg, about 5 min. to the left of which 
is the Hot. -Pens. Honegg (3170'; p. 130), with a charming view of the 
central part of the Lake of Lucerne and the valley of Stans. From the 
Honegg the road descends in long windings, past the (20 min.) Hot. 
Kurhaus Mattgrat (2598'; p. 130), finely situated on the wooded Matt- 
grat, via Ennetburgen (steamboat station, see p. 117) to St. Antoni and 
(1 hr.) Buochs (p. 117). — The *Felseiiweg, an almost level path, H' 
broad, protected by a railing, and for the most part cut out of the rock, 
leads along the N.W. side of the mountain to the (25 min.) Kanzeli, 
about 1730' above the lake. A little farther on (3180') is an electric lift, 
which conveys visitors in 3 min. to the top of the * HammetscJiwand 
(3713'; fare 70 c, there and back 1 fr.). From the upper station a path 
to the left leads to the Hamtnetschwand-Kdnzeli, with a surprising view 
of the lake almost perpendicularly below the spectator, and to the (3 min.) 
top, commanding a full view of the High Alps. Visitors not desiring to 
return by the lift, may descend by stony paths to the Palace Hotel or 
(red marks) to the Hot. Honegg. — The 'Felsenweg' (see above) is carried 
on beyond the lift for about 20 min. on the sheer rocky slope by means 
of three tunnels (grand scenery) and will eventually be prolonged to the 
E. side of the Burgenstock. — To the S.W. a road leads down from the 
Grand Hotel via Obbilrgen (*H6t.-Pens. Bellevue, 40 beds, pens. 5-7 fr.) 
and the finely situated Kurhaus Fiirigen (2130'; pens. 41/2-6 fr.) to (IV2 br.) 
Stansstad (see below). 

To the right the promontory of /Spissenegg jnts into the lake. 
The steamer sometimes calls at Kehrsiten-Dorf (Zur Kaplanei) 
and then steers S.W. to — 

HergiS"Wll. — Hotels. *H6t.-Pens. Bellevue-Rossli, pens, from 
fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Pilatus, pens. 5-6 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Alpenblick, pens. 
5-7 fr. ; *L6we, pens, from 5 fr. ; Hot. -Pens. Brdnig-Touriste, pens. 41/2- 
51/2 fi'- ; Alpenrose, well spoken of ; Hot.-Pens. Friedheim, pens. 5-G fr. ; 
Krone, pens. 4-5 fr. ; Pens. Rijtli, "d^j^-b fr. ; Pens. Seeblick, 4-41/2 fi'- 

Hergisynlj a pleasant village at the foot of Pilatus, is frequen- 
ted as a summer-resort. — Thence again to the E. to — 

Stansstad (1445'; ^Hot-Pens. Winkelried, H. 2-4, B. IV4, D. 
3721 S. 2^2, pens. 6^/2-8 f r. ; Freienhof, pens. 4-6 fr. , plain but 
good; Pens. SchUtzenhaus, 5-6 fr. ; Rossli; Schliissel)^ the 'harbour 
of Stans'. The square pinnncled Schiiitz-Turm was erected by the 
Swiss in 1308 to vindicate their newly-won independence. 

f]lectric railway from the quay to Stans and Engelberg , and cable- 
line from Stans to the top of the *Stanser Horn, see j). 160. 

Walk from Stansstad to Sarnen, S'/a M. The path skirts the lake 
for a short way, enters the Rotzloch , and at Allweg (1705'; inn), 2 M. 
from Stansstad, joins the Stans and Sarnen Road. At Allweg are a 
chapel in memory of Struthan of Winkelried , the dragon-slayer, and an 
obelisk W,' high, erected in 1900 in remembrance of the desperate struggle 

of the people of Nidwald against the French in 1798. This road loads 
past the W. base of the Stanser Horn (p. KJOj, and i)y Rohren to (2 M.^ 
St, Jakob, a village with an old church, then across the Mehibach and 
through the Kernwald to (3 M.) Kerns and (IV9 M.) iSarnen (p. 167). 

The Lopperherg, the E. spur of Pilatus, extends far into the 


132 11. R.30.~Map,p.iJ4. PILATUS. 

lake. At its base runs the Lucerne and Alpnach road, while the 
Briinig railway (p. 166) pierces the hill by a tunnel. The brook 
opposite, which falls into the lake at Stansstad, has further narrow- 
ed the channel between the Lake of Lucerne and the Lake of 
Alpnach with its deposits, and the strait is now crossed by an 
embankment and a swing-bridge (Acheregg-Brucke) , which is 
opened for the passage of steamers. Within the bay of Alpnach 
rises the Rotzberg (2200') , crowned by a ruined castle (ascent 
from theRotzloch in V4hr. ; Pens. Burg Rotzberg, ^^j^iv.). The hill 
is separated from the Blattiberg by the Rotzloch, a narrow ravine, 
with waterfalls and Portland cement factories. | 

At the S.W. angle of the Lake of Alpnach lies Alpnach-Stad 
(1443'; "^Hot. Pilatus, 70 beds at 2-4, B. li/g, D. 4, pens. 6-9 fr., 
with veranda and garden ; Mossli, Sterrij both plain but good; Pens. 
Villa Mai^guerite, 5-7 fr. ; Engl. Ch, Serv.), a station on the Briinig 
Railway (p. 166) and the starting-point of the Pilatus Eailway. 

**Pilatus (6995'), the lofty mountain rising boldly on the W. 
side of the lake, due S. of Lucerne, ranks with the Rigi and the 
Stanser Horn among the finest and most frequented points of view 
in Central Switzerland. Its lower slopes are clothed with beautiful 
pastures and forests, while the upper part consists of v/ild and 
serrated cliffs, from which its ancient name Fractus Mons (broken 
mountain) is derived. The name Pilatus came into general use 
about the close of the 18th century. The summit is generally free 
from clouds and fog in the evening and early morning, but is apt 
to be shrouded at midday. It is, therefore, advisable to spend the 
night on the top (prices, etc., see below, and comp. p. 128). The 
flora is very rich (nearly 500 species). 

The names of the different peaks from W. to E. are the Mittaggilpfl 
or Gnepfstein (6290'), the Rotendossen (5833'), the Widderfeld (6817', the 
wildest), the Tomlishorn (6996', the highest), the Gemsmdttli (6732'); to 
the S. the Matthorn (6693'); to the N. the Klimsenhorn (6265', which, 
seen from Lucerne, is the farthest W.); in the centre the Oherhaupt 
(6920'), then the Esel (6960', the best point of view), and lastly the 
Steigli-Egg (6485'). 

The Pilatus Railway (fares, etc., see p. 130; best views to the right), 
constructed in 1886-88 , is nearly 3 M. long, with an average gradient of 
38:100, and a maximum gradient of 48:100. The toothed rail has vertical 
teeth on both sides, into which two pairs of toothed wheels attached to 
the train work horizontally. The engine and the passenger-carriage (32 seats) 
form a single car with two axles. 

Alpnach-Stad (1443'), see above. The railway begins near the 
steamboat quay and the station of the Briinig Railway and ascends, 
traversing meadows and afterwards wood. 21 min. Wolfort (2985'), 
a watering-station, beyond which the train crosses the gorge of the 
Wolfort by two bridges separated by the Wolfort Tunnel (48 yds.). 
We are now carried along the stony slope of the Risleten (gradient 
48:100) and through two tunnels to (43 min.) Aemsigen (4430'), 

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a passing-station with pumping-works which force water to the 
Pilatus-Kulni , 2360' above. The train now ascends through wood 
on the brink of a gorge, crosses the Mattalp (in front the Esel, to 
the left the precipitous Matthorn), turns to the N. towards the 
Steigli-Egg, and mounts the steep rocky slope of the Esel through 
four tunnels (48, 60, 50, and 12 yds.). The terminus Pilatuskulm 
(6790') adjoins the smaller old hotel; a few^ paces to the left is the 
*Hdtel Pilatuskulm (May 1st -Oct. 15th; 115 beds, R. 5-8, B. 2, 
L. 4, D. 5, pens, from 13 f r. ; wath hotel-tickets, p. 130, nearly one- 
fourth less; cheaper restaurant on the groundfloor). The terrace 
and all the rooms command a splendid mountain-view. — An easy 
path leads from the station to (6 min.) the top of the *Esel (6960'), 
the chief point, with a spacious plateau, enclosed by a wall. The 
view surpasses that from the Rigi in grandeur and variety, the 
Bernese Alps in particular looming nearer and more massive (comp. 
the Panorama). — A similar view is that from the *Tonilish.orn 
('6995'), the highest peak of Pilatus, to which a good path (varying 
views), skirting the rocky slopes of the Oberhaupt and Tomlishorn 
and crossing the arete (railings; no danger), leads from the Hotel 
Pilatuskulm in ^2 ^^'- (panorama by Imfeld). — From the old hotel 
a tunnel, cut in the rocks of the OherliauiJt and affording pictur- 
esque view\s from various openings, leads round the N. and W. sides 
of the cone to the Hotel Pilatuskulm. — Another path leads to the 

top of the Maffhorn (6693' ; from Hotel Pilatuskulm 1 hr.). 

Walkers will find the ascent of Pilatus easiest from Hergiswil (p. 131), 
at its N.E, hase. There is a bridle-path to (3-8V2 hrs.) the Hotel Kliuisen- 
horn, wlience a footpath ascends to (35 min.) the Pilatuskulm. — From the 
station we follow the railway to the left for about fiO paces , cross the 
line, and ascend through orchards and meadows, afterwards through wood. 
At (1 hr.) the Hot. Bruniii (2790'; 30 beds, pens. 6-6 fr.) a terrace affords 
a fine view. We proceed, mostly through wood, to (1 hr.) Pens. Alpgschwi'lvd 
(4068'; 20 l)eds at l^l^-'^j pens. 31/2 -4 fr.), then ascend in steep zigzags 
to the left, at first through wood, and then across slopes of grass and 
debris, to (IV2 hr.) the Hotel Klimaenhorn (6160'; in summer only, 35 beds 
at 2Va-4, B. 11/2, l->. 31/2 fr.), on the saddle (6940') connecting the Oberhau})t 
with the (6 min.) *Klinisenhorn (62()5'), which affords an extensive and 
picturesque pro8j)ect to the E., N., and W., from the Uri Mts. to the Lake 
of Neuchatel. The view to the S. is hidden l)y tlie loftier peaks of Pilatus. 

From the Hotel Klimsenhorn a good zigzag path (iron railing higher 
iij)) ascends the steep slope of tlie Oberhaupt^ to the (40 miu.) Kriesiloc)i 
(♦■»850'), a hole in the rock resembling a cliimney, 20' higli, through whicb 
:\\ 8te])S ascend to the arete between the ()berhau])t and tlie Esel, where 
tlie *View of the Bernese AlpR is suddenly disclosed. Then in 4 min. to 
the Hotel Pilatuskulm. 


31. Prom Zug and Lucerne to Arth-Goldau. 

i. From Zug to Arth-Goldau. Lake of Zug. 

10 M. St. Gotthard Railway in 22-28 min. (1 fr. 70, 1 fr. 20, 86 c.).— 
Steamboat from Zug to Arth during the season 3 times daily in IV2 hi-. 
(1 fr. 95, 1 fr. 5 c). 

a. Railway. — Zuy (1395'), see p. 105. The line intersects the 
suburb of Zug by a long viaduct, passes under the town by a tunnel 
(638 yds.), and approaches the Lake of Zug (see below), the E. 
bank of which it then skirts, in a series of cuttings, embankments, 
and viaducts over the ravines descending from the Zuger Berg. 
Charming view, to the right, of the lake, with the chateau of Bu- 
ooas and Immensee on its W. bank. Two tunnels; then (5^2 M-) 
stat. Walchwll (see below). After five more tunnels the line quits 
the lake and ascends along the base of the Rossberg to (10 M.) 
station Arth-Goldau (p. 140). 

b. Steamboat. — The *Lake of Zug (1368'), S^/^ M. long, 
2V2 ^I- wide, and 650' deep, is very picturesque. Its richly wooded 
banks rise gently to a moderate height, while to the S., above its 
azure waters, towers the Rigi, visible from base to summit. Soon 
after the steamer has left the pier Pilatus appears to the S.W., and 
then the Bernese Alps and the Stanser Horn to the left. On a pro- 
montory on the W. bank is the handsome chateau ai Buonas ; farther 
on, the wooded promontory of Kiemen projects far into the lake. 
The steamer touches at Oherwil and at Lofhenbach on the E. bank, 
and then crosses to Risch (Hot. Waldheim) and Immensee {Hoi. 
Rigi, pens. 5-6 fr.), charmingly situated at the foot of the Rigi. 
On a wood-fringed bay, 1 M. to the N., lies the '^ Hot. -Pens. Baum- 
garten (May 1st to end of Oct.; 30 beds, pens. 5 -6^/2 fi'-)- "^^^ 
steamer then steers across the lake to Walch"wil {'^Kurhaus 
Walchtvil, April 1st to Oct. 31st, with baths and a large park, 
55 beds, pens. 5^2-7 f r. ; Pens. Klausenegg, from 41/2 fr. ; Engel; 
Stern, pens. 4V2 fi'-), on the E. bank. The mildness of the climate 
is indicated by chestnut-trees and vines. To the left lies St. Adrian, 
at the foot of "^ the Rossberg (p. 138). — Arth (1395'; 4740 inhab.; 
Adler, with garden on the lake, 30 beds at 1^2-372^ pens. 41/2-6 fr., 
good; Hot. Rigi, pens. 5 fr., well spoken of) lies at the S. end of the 
lake, between the Rigi and the Rossberg, but not exposed to the 
landslips of the latter, the strata of which dip in another direction. 

Electric tramway to Arth-Goldau in V4 hr. (25 c.) ; comp. p. 120. 

ii. From Lucerne to Kiissnacht and Arth-Goldau 

St. GrOTTHARD RAILWAY in 30-50 min. (2 fr. 95, 2 fr. 5, 1 fr. 45 c), see 
p. 139. — Steamboat from Lucerne to (8 M.) Kiissnacht in 50-60 min. 
(1 fr. 80, 90 c). Railway from Ktissnacht (station 1 M. from the pier) to 
(5 M.) Arth-Groldau in 19 minutes. From Ktissnacht through the 'Hohle 
Gasse' to Immensee Ity the road P/^ M. (one-horse carr. 3 fr.). 

KUSSNACHT, Maps,pp.ll4, 124.-11. R.3i. 135 

Departure from Lucerne, see p. 115. The steamer touches at 
Pens. Seehurg, rounds the Meggenhorn (p. 116), and enters the Bay 
of Kilssnacht. High above the W. bank runs the St. Grotthard Rail- 
way (p. 139). To the left, near stat. Vorder-Meggen (ZurBalm Inn, 
pens. 5 fr. ; Hot. -Pens. Angelfluh ; Pens. Villa St. Charles, from 6 fr.), 
rises the picturesque chateau of Neu-Hahshurg, behind which 
peeps the ancient tower of the castle of that name, once a frequent 
resort of theEmp. Rudolph when Count of Hapsburg, and destroyed 
by the Lucerners in 1352, About ^^M. above, on the Megger-Hohe 
(1970'), is the finely situated Hot. -Pens. Schonau (30 beds, pens. 
6-8 fr.). 

Stations Hinter-Meggen {^ Hotel du Pare & Pens. Gottliehen, 
April Ist-Oct. 15th, 70 beds at 2-31/2, B. 1, D. 3, S. 21/2, pens. 
i^^j^-^ fr.) and Merlischachen (Eintracht; Linde), a prettily situated 
village. The steamer now crosses to Greppen, on the E. bank, 
skirts the wooded slopes of the Rigi, and soon reaches — 

8 M. Kiissnacht. — Hotels. *H6t.-Pens. du Lac, 30 beds at 2-3, 
pens. 6-7 fr. ; *Pens. Aupdermaur, 16 beds, pens. 6-7 fr. ; AoiiER, 30 beds, 
pens. 41/2-6 fr. ; Enget^ ; Wilhelm Tet;l ; Widder ; Stern ; Rutli, pens. 5-6 fr. 

Kilssnacht (1443'; pop. 3562) is a village prettily situated at 
the N. end of this bay of the lake, with a fine distant view. Above 
it are the ruins of the so-called Chdtean of Gessler. — Ascent of 
the Rigi, see p. 127. 

A good road from Kilssnacht ascends via Haltikon to the thriving and 
liiiely situated village of (1 hr.) Udligensivil (2060'; Engel), whence the 
"♦■Rooterberg (2615'), locally known as the 'Kleino Rigi', may be easily 
reached in '/'i lii- On the top are the chapel of St. Michaelslcreuz and an 
unpretending inn. Beautiful view of the lakes of Zug and Lucerne, the 
Alps, and the hilly landscapes of N. Switzerland. A more extensive view 
is enjoyed from the Ochsenwaldhohe. (2685'), 6 min. from the inn. The 
Rooterl)erg may l)e ascended also by good paths from Gisikon (p. 107; in 
1 hr.), from Rothkreuz (p. 107; IV2 hr.), and from Lucerne, \\k Adlig(nif<- 
icil (1770'; Pens. Sackhor) and Udligenswil (in 3 hrs.). 

The road ^carr. to the Hohle Gasse and back 2 fr.) ascends the 
*Hohle Gasse' ('hollow lane'; see Schiller's 'Tell'), now half filled 
up, shaded at one point by lofty beeches. At the upper end of it 
(Vj^ M.) is Tell's Chapel (1585'), restored in 1895, marking th»^ 
spot where th(^ tyrant Gessler is said to have been shot by Tell and 
adorned in 1 905 with two paintings representing Gessler's and Tell's 
death, by H. liachrnann. Close by is the large new Roman Catliolic 
missionary m^iiixiiUmoi Bethlehem, with an artizans' school (visitors 
admitted). By the i^j^ M.) inn Zur Eiche the road divides, A finv 
paces to the right is the mil. stat. Iramensee (p. 139). 'i'he ro;id to 
thr left (Ic^ectidM to (^1^ M.) the village of Trnniensec (\). l.'M^. 


32. Prom Zurich via Wadenswil to 
Arth-Goldau. Einsiedeln. 

36 M. Railway in 21/2-31/2 hrs. (7 fr. 36, 5 f r. 20, 3 fr. 70 c.); to Ein- 
siedeln, 26 M., in 13/4-21/2 hrs. (5 fr. 70, 4 fr., 2 fr. 85 c.).— Railway from 
Rapperswil via Pfdfflkon to Einsiedeln, l-li/^hr., see p. 57. 

From Zurich to (15 M.) Wadenswil (1345'), see p. 56. The 
line ascends the fertile slopes on the S. bank of the Lake of Zurich, 
commanding beautiful views of the lake, with the Curfirsten and 
Sentis in the background. 17 M. Burghalden (1740'); 191/2 M. 
Samstagern (2080'; Stern, with a large restaurant), junction of the 
line (to the left) to Rapperswil-Pfaffikon via Wollerau (Hotel-Pen- 
sion Bellevue; Hirsch; see p. 57). — Beyond (20 M.) Schindellegi 
(2480'; "^Freihof: Sonne; Hirsch) we cross the brawling Sihl. 

Diligence thrice daily in 1/2 hr. to (3 M.) Feusisberg (2380'; *Hdt.- 
Pe)is. Feimsgarten, R. 1-2, B. 1, D. 21/2-3, S. 1 fr. 80 c, pens. 41/2-6 fr. ; 
* Hot-Pens. IScMnfels, 60 beds at I1/2-21/2, B. 1.20, pens. 5-61/2 fr.; Hot.- 
Pejis. zur Frohen Aussicht, 55 beds at I1/2-3, D. 2-31/2, pens. 5-7 fr., well 
spoken of), a health-resort, pleasantly situated, with fine view of the Lake 
of Zlirich and the Alps of Appenzell. — From Schindellegi to the *Hohe 
!Etzel (3610'), 11/2 hr., interesting; 3/^ hr. by road (unpleasant for driving), 
then by an easy path to the (^/^ hr.) top, with an inn and a splendid view 
of the Lake of Ztlrich and its environs and of the Alps from the Sentis 
to the Jungfrau. The descent may be made to the S.E. to the (1/4 hr-) 
Etzel Pass (3146'; inn), with the chapel of St. Meinrad (old frescoes), and 
thence either to the N. by road to (3 M.) Pfiiffikon (p. 57), or to the S. to 
the Sihl bridge and (41/2 M.) Ehisiedeln. — To the W. from Schindellegi a 
road (diligence twice daily in 1^/4 hr.) leads to Metizingen (p. 106) past 
the (21/2 M.) health-resort of Hiitten (2428'; Krone, R. I-II/2, pens. 4-5 fr. ; 
Kreuz, pens, from 4 fr. ; Ppms. Lmihegg), charmingly situated above the 
idyllic Huttensee, opposite the wooded Hohe Ronen (see below). — The 
Dreildnderstein (3907'), the E. point of the Hohe Ronen, marking the 
boundaries of Cantons Zlirich, Zug, and Schwyz, may be reached from 
Schindellegi in 1 hr., and the walk may be continued along the crest of 
the hill to the Gottschalkenberg (see below). 

The line rounds the E. slopes of the Hohe Ronen and approaches 
the Alp, which falls into the Sihl here. To the S. appear the Mythen 
(p. 141). — Beyond (2IV2 M.) BiberbrUcke (2730'; Hot. Bahnhof), 
where the Biber falls into the Alp, the Glarus Mts., bounded on the 
left by the pyramidal Kopfenstock (6240'), form the background. 

Pleasant excursion from Biberbrlicke (by road 41/2 M. ; carriage, to be 
ordered by telephone, 5 fr. each person; shorter footpath to the right, 
about halfway) to the Gottschalkenberg (3780'; *Kurh6tel Hoh-Ronen, 
70 beds, R. 3-5, pens. 71/2-I2 fr., open also in winter), the W. prolongation 
of the Hohe Ronen, commanding a fine view of the Alps (finest from the 
Belvedere, 10 min. to the S.). Golf-course. The descent may be made ))y 
road to (3 M.) Oher-JEgeri (p. 107) or to (41/2 M.) Menzingen (p. 106). 

From Biberbrucke to Einsiedeln, 3 M. , branch-railway in 
13 min., through the narrow Alptal. 

Einsiedeln. — Hotels. *H6tei. du Paon, no beds at 2-6, B. vu, 
D. 3-31/2, S. 21/2, pens. 7-12 fr. ; Sonne, 83 beds at l-2i/a fr. ; Hot. Rigi, 
20 beds at 11/2-^, B. 1, I). 2, pens. 5-6 fr. ; B^r, 60 beds at 1-3, B. 1, 1). 
lVa-3 fr. ; Pilgerhof, 40 beds at I1/2-2, D. 21/2 fr. ; Drei Konige; St. 

EINSIEDELN. ^«J>«, PP- 56, 99, 114.~IL E. 32. 137 

Catharina, 66 beds, unpretending but good; Hot.-Restaurant St. G-eorg, 
70 beds, pens. S-T'/a f r. ; Swan; Krone; Storch. 

Einsiedeln, or Nofre-Dame-des-Ermites (2895'; pop. 8500), in 
a green valley watered by the Alpbach, vies with Rome and Loreto 
in Italy, Santiago de Compostela in Spain, and Mariazell in Styria 
as one of the most famous pilgrim-resorts in the world. 

Its foundation is attributed to Count Meinrad of Sulgen, who in 835 
built a chapel here in honour of a wonder-working image of the Virgin 
presented to him by the Abbess Hildegard of Ztlrich. After Meinrad's 
death in 861 a monastery of Benedictine Hermits ('Einsiedler') sprang up 
here. In 1274 it was created an independent principality by Emp. Rudolph 
of Hapsburg, and owing to the ever-increasing throng of pilgrims it soon 
vied with St. Gallen as one of the richest monasteries in Switzerland. 

In the large open space between the houses (a great many of 
which are inns for the pilgrims) and the lofty buildings of the mon- 
astery rises a black marble Fountain with fourteen jets, surmounted 
by an image of the Virgin, from which the pilgrims are wont to 
drink. The pilgrims number about 160,000 annually. The chief 
festival takes place on 14th September. 

Under the Arcades, which form a semicircular approach to the church 
on the right and left, as well as in the Platz itself, there are numerous 
stalls for the sale of prayer-books, images of saints, rosaries, medals, 
crucifixes, and other devotional' objects. 

The extensive buildings of the Benedictine Abbey, in the Italian 
style, erected in 1704-20 after a fire, are 148 yds. long, 71 yds. of 
which are occupied by the Church and its two slender towers. On 
the right and left of the entrance are Statues of the Emperors Otho T. 
and Henry TI., two benefactors of the Abbe}^ 

The *Church, a noble work of the baroque period, contains 17 altars 
and a large electric organ. In the nave stands the Chapki. of the Virgin, 
of ])lack marble, the 'Sanctum Sanctorum', with a grating, througli which, 
illuminated by four lamps, a small Image of the Virgin and Child is visible, 
richly attired and decked with crowns of gold and precions stones. The 
magnificent chandelier was dedicated by Napoleon III. in memory of his 
mother. — The Abbey contains a Library of 50,000 volumes, including 
many incunabula and valuable MSS. of the 8-12th centuries. The Fursten- 
saal (open to visitors 8.30-11 a.m., 1-3.30 and 4.30-5 p.m.) is hung with 
good lifesize portraits, including those of Pius IX. and the emperors 
William I., Francis Joseph, and Napoleon III. The Private Chapei. of 
the abbot is adorned with paintings of ecclesiastical events. 

About f) min. to the N.E. of the monastery is an interesting 

Panorama of the Oracifixion, by Frosch, Krieg(!r, and Leigh (adm. 

1 fr.). — The Herrenberg (3650'; Va ^»J'-)? <^ hill above the al)bey 

to the S.E., commands a beautiful view. Similar vi(^ws from th(> 

Kreuz or St. Meinradnberg, ^/^ M. to the S. 

From FiiNHiEi>Fi.N to Sciiwyz over the Hacken (4 hrs.), footpath, 
destitute of shade, and very disagreeal)le in bad weather. We ascend the 
monotonous AljjtaJ (with the nunnery of Au on the right) to the (l'/2 '"'•) 
village of Alptal (3258'; Stern, plain), where the somewhat rough and steep 
logpath ascending the Ilacken begins. In '/a *"• we gain a j)oint where the 
Hoace between tlie two Mythen (p. 141), shaped like; the letter V, is distinctly 
oi)Herve<l, and in '/« hr. more reach the run ou Uiv. Hacken Pass ('ir>r.H'), 
which commands a Hj)b!ndid view of the lakr^s of Lucerne and Lowerz, etc. 
(The view is hIIII finer from the Ihichftfuchii, 5105', '/.^ hr. higher up, to 

138 IL Ii.32.-Map,p.U4. ROSSBEKG. 

the N., and embraces the N. part of the lake and the town of Zurich.) 
Descent to (IVa hr.) Schivyz (p. 140) steep and stony. 

From Einsiedeln to Schwyz over the Iberger Egg, 19 M. Good 
road (diligence to Oher-Iberg thrice daily in 21/4 hrs., 1 fr. 95 c.) through 
the Sifdtal via Gross and Eutal to (71/2 M.) Unter-Iberg (3050'; Alpenhof, 
pens. 5-6 fr. ; Kurlmus Di'usherg^ 50 beds, pens. 4-6 fr. ; Rossli & Post, 
30 beds, pens.4V2-5 fr-j plain but good), a health-resort in a well-sheltered 
situation. Excursions hence to the Spitalhei^g (5173'), IV2 l^r. ; to the Bict 
(6456'; extensive view), 2V2-3 hrs.; and to the Drusbery (7490'), 5 hrs., 
vi^ the Twingen Tohel and the Kdsern Alp (5315'; Stafel Hut of the 
S.A.C.), fatiguing but verv interesting. — The diligence road ends at (10 M.) 
Ober-Iberg (3483'; "^Post, 70 beds at IV2-2V2, D- 2V2, pens. 5-6V2 fi'-; 
Pens. Holdenei^ 45 beds, pens. A^f^-^^Uh:.), another health-resort. A narrow 
road ascends hence to the (IV2 hr.) Iberger Egg (4823'), affording a fine 
survev of the Lake of Lucerne and the Alps, and descends via Rickenbach 
to (19" M.) Schwyz (p. 140). 

Beyond Biberbriicke (p. 136) the railway crosses the Biher, and 
ascends across a monotonous plateau. 25^/2 M. Altmati (3030'; 
8chltissel), a poor hamlet on a large moor. 

28 M. Rothenthurm (3040'; Ochs,li. IV2-2, B. 1, D. 2-2V2 fr.; 
Schlussel)^ with a new Romanesque church, where to the left the 
Mythen and to the right the long back of the Rigi and the hotels 
on the Kulm become visible, is named after a red tower belonging 
to fortifications (Letze) once erected by the Schwyzers to protect 
their N.W. boundary. In the vicinity, on 2nd May, 1798, the 
Schwyzers under Reding defeated the French, who lost 2000 men. 

The railway then descends the wooded valley of the Steiner-Aa 
to (31 M.) Sattel-^yeri (2712') ; to the left is the prettily situated 
village of Sattel {NeMe Krone, ^4 ^^- ^^^^ the station, R. 1-2, 
pens. 5V2-6V2 fi'- 5 -4Zfe Krone, in the village). 

The Sclilagstrasse, a picturesque road from Sattel to Schwyz (51/2 M. ; 
a fine walk; brake twice daily), crosses the Steiner-Aa and ascends the 
W. slope of the Hacken (p. 137), affording beautiful views of the fertile 
valley of Steinen, the Lake of Lowerz with the Schwanau, the scene of 
the Goldau landslip, and the Rigi. At (31/2 M.) the ^Hirsch Inn (a little 
farther on, the Burg Inn) Schwyz and the Mythen become visible. Thence 
to Stat. Seeicen (p. 140) IV4M., to Schtvyz (p. 140) 2 M. 

From Sattel-^geri to Morgarten, 2 M., omnibus in 20 min. (50 c.); to 
Untcr-JEgeri diligence daily in IV3 hr. (1 fr. 25 c). Steamboat on the 
JEyeri Lake, see p. 107. 

The railway descends the slopes of the Rossberg, by several 
viaducts and a short tunnel, to (33 M.) Steinerberg (1950'; Rossli, 
pens. 4-5 fr. ; Lowe, both fair), a village with a fine view of the 
valley of Lowerz, framed by the Rigi, the Fronalpstock (with the 
Liedernen and Marenberge in the distance), and the two Mythen. 

The *Ilossberg (highest peak, Wildspitz, 5190'), a mountain rising be- 
tween the lakes of Zug, ^geri, and Lowerz, is ascended from Steinerberg 
l)y a bridle-path in 2V2-3 hrs., or from the station of Sattel by a tolerable 
path in 2 hrs. Near the top, which forms a knobbed ridge about 2 M. 
long and commands a fine view (panorama by Imfeld), is the Hotel Ross- 
herg-Kidm (R. from IV2, B. 1, D. 2V2, pens. 5-6 fr.). From the Gnippen 
(5170'), or W. summit of the Rossberg, reached from the hotel in 20 min., 
we obtain a good survey of the scene of the landslip of 1806 (comp. p. 140). 
— We may descend to JEgeri (p. 107) or to the Zuger Berg (p. 106). 


The railway traverses the scene of the Goldau Landslip, and 
joins the St. Gotthard Railway at (35 M.) Arth-Goldau (p. 140). — 
Rigi Railway J see p. 126. 

33. Prom Lucerne to Bellinzona. 
St. Gotthard Railway. 

105Va M. Railway. Express ('Blitzziig') in 31/2, fast trains in 33/4-6V3, 
ordinary trains in 6V2-7 hrs. ; fares 23 fr. 35, 16 fr. 35, 11 fr. 70 c. (To 
Lugano, 124 M., in 4V4-6V3 hrs. ; 27 fr. 70, 19 fr. 40, 13 fr. 85 c. ; to Milan, 
172 M.,'iu 6-10 hrs.; 36 fr. 50, 25 fr. 60, 17 fr. 75 c.) — For the day-express 
there is a table-d'hote at Groschenen, where the traveller should be careful 
to avoid an involuntary change of carriages, or even of trains. The other 
express trains have dining or sleeping cars. Finest views from Lucerne 
to Amsteg to the right, from Amsteg to Faido to the left, and from Faido 
to Bellinzona to the right. 

The **St. G-otthard Railway, constructed in 1872-82 at a cost of 
271 million francs, is one of the grandest achievements of modern 
engineering. The highest point of the line , in the middle of the great 
tunnel, is 3786' above the sea-level, and the maximum gradient is about 
1' in 4'. At places the ascent is rendered more gradual by means of spiral 
tunnels, piercing the sides of the valley; there are three such tunnels on 
the N. side, and four on the S. side of the mountain. Altogether the line 
has 80 tunnels (of an aggregate length of 28V2 M.), -^24 bridges of more 
than 32' span, and many smaller bridges. In order to examine the very 
interesting structure of the line itself, the traveller may drive in an open 
carriage or walk from Amsteg to Groschenen (12 M.) and from Rodi-Fiesso to 
Giornico (15 M.). Those who are not pressed for time should take the steam- 
boat from Lucerne toFltlelen, in preference to the train (holders of througli- 
tickets and circular tickets have the choice of either route); or, if they 
have not yet visited the Rigi, they may take the railway to Arth-Groldau, 
the Rigi-Kulm, and Vitznau, and the steamer thence to Fitielen. 

Lnicernej see p. 108. Beyond the Giltsch Tunnel the Gotthard 
Railway diverges to the right from the Bale line (p. 27), crosses 
the Reuss, and passes through the Allenwinden -Wesemlin Tiinnel 
(2313 yds.), emerging near the Hotel de I'Europe, on the E. side of 
Lucerne. It gradually ascends towards Seeburg (p. 135), affording 
a splendid view of the town, the lake, and the Alps, and passes 
through three short tunnels. By the chateau of Neu-Habshury 
(\). 135) the line turns to the N.E. and runs high up on the W. bank 
of the Bay of Kiissnacht (opposite the Rigi) to ((i^/^ M.) Stat. Meggen, 
between the villages of Vorder-Meggen and Hinter-Meggen (p. 135). 
Beyond HO M.) Stat. Kiissnacht (p. 135) is the Schwarzenharh 
Tunnel. View of the Lake of Zug (p. 134) to th(; left; on the 
\. bank Walchwil, and beyond it St. Adrian (p. 134). 

12 M. Imniensee (1518'; junction of the line from Rothkreuz, 
see p. 107); the village lies below us, on the left (see p. 134). To 
the right are the wooded sloj)es of the Rigi, with the Kiilm Hotel on 
th«' top (p. 127). The tniin runs high above the Lake of Zug, through 
several cuttings. At the K. end of the lake, on the left, lies the 
thriving village of Arfh (p. 134), at the foot of the wooded Hossberg, 

140 IT. Route 33. SCHWYZ. From iMcerne 

behind which rise the Mytheii (p. 141). Threading the Bindelfluh 
Tunnel (220 yds.), we reach — 

17 M. Arth-Goldau. — Rail. Restaurant. — Hotels (all plain): 
Hotel Steiner, R. lVa-3, B. 1, pens. 5-7 fr. ; Hot. Hof-Goldau, R. 2-2V2, 
pens. 5-6 fr. ; Hot. Bellevue, R. 1V2"3 fi*-? B. 1 fr. 30 c. ; in the village of 
Goldau , 2-3 min. from the station, Hot. Alpenblick, Rossli, at these 
two R. 1V2-2V2> pens. 5 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. Schonegg, pens. 5-6 fr. 

Arth-Goldau (1725') is the terminus of the Arth-Bigi Bailway 
(p. 126) and the junction for Z^ig and for Einsiedeln-Wddenswil 
(pp. 134, 139). The station is situated on the scene of the Goldau 
Landslip, which occurred on 2nd Sept., 1806. This terrible land- 
slip, which descended from the summit of the Rossberg (p. 138), 
buried four villages with 457 of their inhabitants. The railway 
traverses part of this scene of desolation, which extends far up the 
Rigi. Time has covered the fragments of rock with moss and other 
vegetation, and picturesque pools of water have been formed among 
them at places. The track of the landslip may be distinctly traced 
on the side of the Rossberg, which is still entirely barren. 

On the slope to the left lie the houses of Steinerherg (p. 138) ; 
on the right, high above, is the Kurhaus Rigi-Scheidegg (p. 129). 
We skirt the pretty Lake of Lowerz (1475'; 3 M. long). To the 
right lies the village of Lowerz (Rossli), and in the lake the island 
of Schwanau with its ruined castle, a chapel, and a fisherman's 
house (inn ; boat from Lowerz or Seewen in 20 min.). — 20^/2 M. 
Steinen (1540'; Hot. Bahnhof, pens. 5-6 fr. ; Rossli, pens. 4-5 fr., 
unpretending), a large village in a fertile site, the traditional birth- 
place of Werner Stauffacher (p. 122). On the supposed site of his 
house (1^/4 M. to the E. of the village on the Schwyz road) stands 
IIh^ Chapel of the Holy Rood, with frescoes by Ferd. Wagner of 
Munich. The train crosses the Steiner-Aa to — 

2272 M. Sehwyz-Seewen (1500'; ^Hot.-Pens. Schwyzerhof, 
at the station, R. 172"^? pens. 5 fr.). The village of Seeiven (^Rossli, 
May-Oct., R. 2-3, B. 11/4, D. 21/2, S. 2, pens. 6-7 f r. ; Hot.-Pens. 
Seehof, pens. 472-5 fr. ; Temperance Hot. Sonnenberg, pens. 5- 
6^2 fi'O, to the W. of the line, at the foot of the E. spur of the 
Rigi, has a chalybeate spring which attracts visitors. About 1 M. 
to the E. (electric tramw^ay in 9 min.; fare 20, return-ticket 30 c.) 
lies Schwyz (1706' ; pop. 7990; Rossli, R. 1^/4-272, D. 2^/4, pens. 
6-7 fr., good; Drei Konige, pens. 472-6 fr. ; Bar, plain; Ochs ; 
Schdfle; Restaurant Schvjyzer.stubli ; Cafe National, Cafe Cen- 
tral, both with garden-restaurants), a straggling town, lying pic- 
turesquely at the base and on the slopes of the Little Mythen 
(5955'), with its two peaks, and the Great Mythen (6245'). The 
Town Hall, restored in 1891 and embellished externally with 
frescoes from Swiss history by Ferd. Wagner, contains portraits 
of 42 'landammanns' (magistrates) from 1534 downwards and an 

to Bellinzona. ALTDORF. Maps, pp, 114, 160. — II. R. 33. 141 

old carved ceiling. The college of Mariahilf, above the town, was 
destroyed by fire in 1910 and is now rebuilding. 

The *Great Mythen (6245'; 4 hrs. ; guide, 6 fr., not indispensable; 
horse to the Holzegg 8-10 fr.) is a magnificent point of view, little inferior 
to the Rigi and Pilatus. Road from Schwyz to (1 M.) Rickeiibach (1935'; 
Bellevue, pens. 4V2-5V2 f r. ; Stern, pens. 4-4V2 fr.) ; bridle-path thence 
to the (2 hrs.) Holzegg (4642'; small inn), which may be reached also by a 
direct path from Schwyz via the Uolle and the pastures of Hasli and Holz 
(guide desirable). — From Brunnen (p. 120; diligence to Schwyz five times 
daily, 80 c.) by Ibach and Rickeiibach to the Holzegg in 3 hrs., Schwyz 
remaining on the left. — Good path from Einsiedeln (p. 136) by Alptal to 
the Holzegg in 2^/4 hrs. — From the Holzegg the excellent My then path (railings 
at the steepest parts) ascends in 49 zigzags on the E. side of the mountain, 
and then follows the narrow arete to the (IV4 hr.) summit (inn, very fair, 
10 beds). Grood panorama by A. Heim. 

Interesting walk from Schwyz to the Suvoroif Bridge in the Muota- 
Tal, returning via Oher-Schonenhuch (2 hrs. in all) ; comp. p. 98. — From 
Schwyz to Sattel by the Schlagstrasse, brake twice daily, see p. 138. 

We now turn to the S. (on the left, the Fronalpstock and the 
Kurhaus Stoos far above us, p. 121), cross the Muota near Ingen- 
boM, passing the large nunnery of Mariahilfy and reach — 

2472 M- Brunnen (1443'; p. 120), on the Lake of Lucerne 
(station ^2 ^- fi'oni the lake ; can*, for 1 pers. 1 fr., each pcrs. 
more 50 c). 

Passing through a tunnel under the Giltsch and the Axenstrasse 
(p. 122), the train reaches the *Lake of Uri, or S.E. bay of the 
Lake of Lucerne (p. 121), and is carried along its bank through 
tunnels and rock-cuttings. Splendid views of the lake to the right. 
High above, on the opposite bank, lie the houses of Seelisherg, at 
the foot of which are the Mythenstein and Riltli (p. 122), and 
farther to the left towers the Uri-Rotstoch with its glacier (p. 124). 
AV^e pass through two short tunnels and the Oelherg or Schieferneyy 
Tunnel (2169 yds.). — 28 M. Sisikon (p. 122), at the mouth of the 
narrow Riemenstalden-Tal. Crossing the Axenstrasse, we thread 
several tunnels, passing under the Shirzeck (1082 yds.), the TelVs 
Platte (p. 122), the Axenberg (1233 yds.), and the Sulzeck. 

32 M. Fliielen (1515'), see p. 123. 

We now ascend the Reusstal, with the Bristenstock (p. 143) in 
the background, and the two Windgdllen (p. 156) to the left of it. 

3372 ^- Altdorf. — Hotels. In the town, 1 M. from the station: 
*ScHj.ussEL, 70 beds at 2-4, B. IV4, D. 3, S. 2V2, pens. 0-7 fr. ; *Lowe, 
40 beds at 2-3, B. IV4, 1). 3, S. 2Va, pens. 5-7 fr. (omnibus from the pier 
at FlUelen to either of these 50 c); Tell, with shady garden, R. 2-3, 
pens. 6-8 fr. ; Schutzengauten, R. 1-2, pens. 4-5 fr. ; Krone, R. iVr^Va* 
pens. 4Va-5 fi-» good. — H6tel I^ahnhof, at the station, R. lVa-2, R- 1V4» 
I). lV.i-2»/a fr. — Restaurant NuHshdumli (1915'), on the liillside, Va I"'- ♦<> 
the E. (fine viaw). ~ Efectric Tramuay to FlUelen, see ]). 123. 

Altdorf or Altcrrf nr)\H' ; pop. 3837), th(! capital of Oantori Uri, 
lies in a fertile valh^y surrourKled by inii)OHing niouiitaiiis. This 
pleasant little town is the traditional scene of the exploits of Wil- 
Ham Telly the liberator of Switzerland from the Austrian yoke (conip. 

142 I J- ^*- 55- — Maps, i>i». J 60, 94. ERSTFELD. From Lucerne 

p. xxxvii). A bronze statue of the intrepid archer, with the child 
by his side, from Kissling's model, was erected in 1895 to the N.W. 
of the tower (dating from the 13th cent.) in the principal 'Platz' 
of the village. In summer popular representations of Schiller's 
'Teir, performed by citizens of Altdorf, are given in a theatre erect- 
ed for the purpose. The Jauch mansion was Suvoroff's headquarters 
in 1799 (memorial tablet). The cantonal Historical Museum de- 
serves a visit (adm. 50 c). The Capuchin Moiiastery , 5 min. above 
the tower, commands a beautiful view. On the hillside lies the 
Banmvaldj a 'sacred grove', in which the woodman's axe is pro- 
scribed, as it protects Altdorf from falling rocks (see Schiller's 
Tell, Act iii. Scene 3). 

Through the Schdchen-Tal and over the *Klausen to (80 M.) Linthal, «ee 
R. 23. The best view of the beautiful head of the Schachen-Tal is obtained 
from Urigen, 3 hrs. from Altdorf via Spiringen; see p. 98. - On the Klausen 
road, 1/2 hr. to the E. of Altdorf (one-horse carr. 4-5 fr.) is the village of 
Biirglen (I8IO'; *Tell, R. IV2-2V2, peus. 5-6 fr.), the traditional home of Tell. 
The supposed site of his house is now occupied by the Tell Inn; adjacent to 
it a Chapel was erected in 1522, and at a later date adorned with paintings 
of his exploits. Near the Tell Inn is the ivj^-clad Meier Turm. — The 
*Ilosstock (8080'; 5 hrs.; guide 12 fr.), a splendid point of view, is 
ascended without ditiiculty by experts from BUrglen, via the Mettental Alpj. 
Descent, if preferred, through the Riemeiistalden-Tal to Sisikon (p. 122). 
— The Belmeten (7950'), from BUrglen via the Haltiherg and the Oherfeld 
Alp in 5 hrs. (guide 12 fr., not indispensable for experts), or from Erstfeld 
via SchicancUberg and the E. arete in 41/2-5 hrs. (guide 10 fr.), is also 
interesting and not difficult. — The Hoh-Faulen (8260'), from BUrglen via 
the arete of the Belmeten in 5-5Vabrs., see pp.98, 143. — Gruide, Franz 
Zgraggen of Schattdorf. 

From Altdorf or Erstfeld over the Surenen Pass to (91/2 hrs.) Engel- 
berg (guide, 12 fr., unnecessary in settled weather), see p. 165. 

The train crosses the Schdchenbach in its artificial bed, near 
its confluence with the Reuss. Among fruit-trees to the left is the 
church of Schattdorf. To the right, beyond the Reuss, we see the 
church-tower and the ruined chateau of Attinghausen in which 
Baron Werner of Attinghausen, one of the characters in Schiller's 
'Tell', is said to have died in 1320 (*H6t.-Pens. Burg, adjoining 
the ruin, R. iy<2, pens. 4^2-5 fr.). The background of the valley 
towards the S. is formed by the pyramidal Bristenstoch (p. 143) ; 
to the right rise the bold precipices of the Gitschen (8250') and 
the Bocki (6810'), to the left the Schwarzgrat (6629'), Belmeten 
(7930'), Hoh-Faulen (8260'), and lastly the two Windgallen {Grosse, 
or Kalkstock, 10,470'; Kleine, or Sewelistock, 9800'). 

371/2 M. Erstfeld (1558'; Hot. Ho f Erstfeld, well spoken of. 
Hot. Bahnhof, R. 2-272, pens> 5-7 fr., both at the station), a large 
railway-depot, where the ascent begins. The village lies on the 
left bank of the Reuss, at the mouth of the Erstfelder Tal, above 
which peep the jagged Spannorter and the Schlossberg (p. 164), 
with its strangely contorted glacier. 

Excursions (guides, Josef Pttntener and Jos. Haber of Erstfeld). The 
Erstfelder Tal (comp. Map, p. 160) extends on the S.W. to the Schloss- 









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to Bdlinzona. AMSTEG. Maps, pp. 160, 94.-11. R.33. 143 

berg. A marked path from Erstfeld ascends the left bank of the Faulen- 
bach in steep zigzags, and then more gradually, past the chalets of (li/a hr.) 
Riibiberg (2837') and (1 hr.) Sulzwald (3880'), the Kiihplanggen Alp (4947'), 
and the beautiful Fall of the Faulenbach, to the (I3/4 hr. ; 4Va hrs. from 
Erstfeld) little Fulensee (5820'). Ascending thence to the left, we reach 
in 3/4 hr. the Krojite-Hutte of the Swiss Alpine Club (6203'; inn in summer), 
to the N. below the Obersee (64G0'), wh«nce the ^Kronte (10,210') is ascend- 
ed via the Weisse Flatten and the Glattenfirn in 41/2 hrs. (guide from 
Erstfeld 20 fr. ; grand view) ; the Zwdchten (10,100') in 4 hrs. (an easy and 
interesting glacier expedition; guide 20 fr.); the Great Spannort (10,505') 
in 5 hrs. (difficult; guide 25, with descent to Engelberg 30 fr.); and the 
Little Spannort (10,330') in 4V2-5 hrs. (difficult; guide 35, to Engelberg 
40 fr.). Comp. p. 165. Fatiguing passes (but less difficult hence than 
from Engelberg) lead from the Kronte-Htltte to the W. over the Schloss- 
berg-Lucke (8632'; guide 20 fr.) and over the Spaniiorter-Joch (9610'; guide 
27 fr.) to {^^I%-1 hrs.) Engelberg (comp. p. 165). 

The Reusstal narrows and the train begins to ascend on the right 
bank. 41 M. Stat. Amsteg-Silenen (1795'), above Silenen, a village 
in the midst of fruit-trees. Above the station, to the right, is the 
massive keep (restored) of the old castle of Silenen, and 1/2 M. 
farther on, on a rocky hill between the railway and the road, arc 
the ruins of Ziving-Uri (1895'), the traditional castle of Gressler. 
About 1 M. froin the station lies the village of Amsteg (1712'; 
""•■ Stern & Post, R. 2-3, D. 3, S. 21/2, pens. 6-8 fr.; "^Kreuz, E.. 2-3, 
B. IV4, D. 3, S. 21/2, pens. 6-8 fr.; "^Engel, pens. 5V2-6V2 fi'-i 
Hirsch, pens. 5-6 fr.), prettily situated at the mouth of the Made- 
raner-Tal, from which the Kdrstelenbach descends to the Reuss. 

Excursions (guides: Joseph, Ambrosius, and Franz Zgraggen, Michael 
Wipfli, Melchior G-nos, Joseph Baumann ; comp. also p. 156). A pleasant 
walk of 2 hrs. is enjoyed by following the old St. Grotthard road (bridle- 
path) on the right bank of the Keuss to Ried and Meitschlingen, and 
returning by the new road on the left bank via Inschi (see below). — The 
*Arniberg or Gotthardstein (4565'), ascended in 3 hrs. by a shady path, 
commands a magnificent view of the valley of the Reuss, the Lake of Uri, 
the Maderaner-Tal, and the High Alps. — *3Iaderaner-Tal (bridle-path in 
31/4 hrs. to the Hotel Alpenclub), see R. 35. — Over the Krilzli Pass to 
Disentis, see p. 157. 

The Bristenstock (10,085'), ascended from Amsteg in 8 hrs. via the 
Bristenstclfeli (5000') and the Blacki Alp (6138'), past the small Bristen- 
Se^li (7090'), and finally for 3 hrs. by a fatiguing scramble up the N. arete, 
atfords a grand panorama (guide 25 fr.). — Oberalpstock, Kleine and Grosse 
Windgdlle, etc., see p. 156. — The Hoh-Faulen (8260'), ascended from 
Silenen in 5 hrs. (guide 12 fr.) through the Evi-Tal and via the Strengmatt, 
Rhonen, and Belmeten Alps, is not difficult (comp. pp. 142, 98). 

A walk on the St. Gotth.ard Road from Amsteg to Goschenen (4 hrs.; 
comp. Maps, pp. 144, 160) is recommended for the sake of the scenery and 
the interesting railway. We cross the Kilrstelenbach, and then the Reuss 
by a bridge of two arches. To the left runs the railway ; below us the 
ReuHS dashes througli its deep ravine, forming a succession of falls. In 
the early summer huge masses of avalanche-snow, looking like earth or 
detritus, are seen in tlie gorges. Beyond (l'V4 M.) Inschi i,216H'; ScM/li) 
we pass a fail of the Inschi- Alpbach. From Inschi we may visit the 
picturesque Umtschach-Tal (to the Obersee, at the foot of the MdnntJisrr, 
3'/a hrs.).— A secjond bridge carries the road back to tlie right bank of the 
JleuHH (the railway remaining on the loft bank), on which lies (1'/^ M.) 
Meiischliiiyen (2135'), with a chapel. About '/« M. farther on we cfohh 

144 IL. R^ 33. —Maps, pp. 160,94. GUKTNELLEN. From Lucerne 

the FeUibach (through the Felli-Tal to the Oberalp-See, see below). On 
the hill opposite stands the hamlet of Gurtnellen (3045')- Beyond the 
village of Wiler is (3 M.) a third bridge (2660'), called the Pfaffensprung, 
by which the road recrosses to the left bank. The first of the spiral tunnels 
of the railway begins here (see p. 145). Far below the river dashes through 
a narrow gorge. View beautiful in both directions. The road crosses the 
turbulent Meienreiiss near (IV2 M.)*"Wassen (p. 145). To the right are 
the three railway-bridges. A path to the right, a few paces beyond the 
bridge, cuts off the windings of the road which ascends to the loftily 
situated church. 

Near (^/4 M.) Wattingen (3010') is the fourth bridge over the Reuss, 
above which, to the right, is the picturesque fall of the Rohrbach (p. 145). 
The (1 M.) fifth bridge {Schdnib^-uck, 3212') crosses to the left bank of the 
Reuss. To the left rises the Teufelsstein, a huge mass of rock. The next 
place (IV2 M.) is G6schenen (3640'; p. 145). 

From Amsteg over the Seewligrat to Unterschachen, 71/2-8 hrs., 
interesting (guide, 12 fr., advisable). A footpath ascends from the station 
of Anisteg-Silenen through wood to (IV4 hr.) the Kirchberg, then over the 
Wasserplanken and Riedersegg, with splendid views of the Reuss valley 
and its mountains, to (2V2 hrs.) the pretty Seetvli-See (6640'), above which 
tower the huge cliffs of the G-rosse Windgalle. The Seewligrat (7413'; 
fine view) is reached in V2 hr. more. We descend over debris and turf 
to the chalets of the Vordere Griestal and the (2 hrs.) Brunni Alp (4B18'), 
amid imposing scenery (to the S.E. rise almost sheer the G-rosse and Kleine 
Ruchen). Thence we proceed through the picturesque Brunni-Tal to (IV4 hv.) 
Unterschachen (p. 98). 

Above Amsteg the line pierces a projecting rock, crosses the 
Kdrstelenbach by an imposing iron bridge (147 yds. long, 178' high), 
affording a fine view of the deeply-cut Maderaner-Tal , with the 
Grosse Windgalle, to the left, and of the Reusstal to the right, and 
is then carried through the slope of the Bristenstockj which is 
much exposed to avalanches, by means of two tunnels, and across 
the brawling Reuss by an iron bridge 256' high. We now follow 
the left bank of the picturesque Reusstal (views to the left), tra- 
verse the Inschi Tunnel, cross the Inschi-Alpbach and the 
Zgraggen-Tal (viaduct with three openings of about 100 yds.), 
thread three other tunnels and a long cutting, and skirt the hillside 
by a viaduct to (46 M.) Gurtnellen (2428'; Hot. St. Gotthard, R. 
172-2, B. 1, D.2, pens. 472-^72 f^^M very t-div ; Alpenrosli, well spoken 
of), with large granite-quarries, a carbide factory, and steel-works. 

From Gurtnellen over the Fellilucke to the Oberalpsee, 7 hrs. 
(guide 16 fr.), fatiguing but interesting. The lonely Felli-Tal, stretching 
to the S. between the Rienzengrat and the Bristenstock chain, is specially 
interesting to mineralogists and botanists. From the rail, station we follow 
the St. Gotthard road to (25 min.) the FeUibach Bridge (2286'; IV4 hr. above 
Amsteg). Short of the bridge a steep footpath to the right winds up through 
wood to (iVa hr.) the Alp Felliberg (3706'), high above the rushing FeUi- 
bach, beyond which we continue to follow the valley to {^U hr.) the Tresch- 
Hiitte on the Alp Rhona (4440'; key should be brought) and (I1/2 hr.) the 
Alp Obermatt (6035') ; thence over debris to (2 hrs.) the Felliliicke (8170'), 
between the Schneehiihnerstock and the Piz Tiarms, with a confined but 
striking view. We descend to the Oberalp-See (p. 467) in 3/^ hr. more. — 
The Crispalt (10,105'), commanding a magnificent panorama, may be as- 
cended from the Alp Obermatt in 51/2-6 hrs., through the Wichel-Tal and 
by the gap to the N.E. of the Federstock (difficult, for experts only; 
guide 25 fr.). The descent may be made through Val de Vial to the Ober- 

Scale 1:25.000 



N tr 

SPmA\L TyiiELS iEM iMlQ @l 


Contoiu' Lilies dramt al 
mtef^ais of 30 moires (98 ft.) 




Oogrqili AiMi v Wa)^uT l-Tlob**!*. Leipzig. 

to Bellinzonn. GOSCHENEN. ^(J^lh P- ^50, — II. R. 33. 145 

Above Grurtnellen we come to a most interesting part of the line, 
which, in order to make the ascent more gradual, passes through 
three spiral tunnels and describes a long double loop. It crosses 
the Gornerenbach and the Hdgrigenbach (fine waterfall on the 
right), enters the Pf a ffe7isprung Spiral Tunnel (1635 yds., 3min.), 
in which it mounts llo', and traverses two short tunnels, between 
which it recrosses the Hagrigenbach. Next follow a handsome 
bridge over the Meienreuss (see below), the Kirchberg Tun7iel under 
the church-hill of Wassen, a bridge across the Reuss to the left, 
the Wattinger Spiral Tunnel (1199 yds.; ascent of 76'), another 
bridge over the Reuss, and the Rohrbacli Tunnel (242 yds.). 

51 M. Wassen (3050'), a large village {Hot. des Alpes, R.2-3, 
pens. 5-7 fr., good; Krone, OchSy both very fair). The loftily situat- 
ed church commands a survey of the bold structure of the rail- 
way. — Over the Susten to Meiringen (12 hrs.), see R. 40. 

The imposing Middle Meienreuss Bridge (69 yds.; 260' high) 
and the Leggistein Spiral Tunnel (1204 yds. ; ascent of 82') carry 
us to the Upper Meienreuss Bridge (59 yds. long; 148' high), the 
third bridge over the deep gorge of the Meienreuss. We then pass 
through a short tunnel, skirt the hillside, and obtain a view of 
Wassen and the windings just traversed. Opposite rises the Rienzen- 
Stock (see below). Crossing the Kellerbach and the Bohrbach, 
the train passes through the Naxberg Tunnel (1669 yds.) and 
crosses the deep gorge of the Goschenen- Reuss (view of the Go- 
snhenen-Tal with its glaciers to the right, p. 150). 

5572 M- Goschenen. — * Railway Restaurant, D. incl. wineSVafr., 
in the third-class waiting-room 1 fr. 80 c. — Hotels. *GRAND-H6TEii 
Goschenen, with garden, 90 beds at 2V2-4, B. IV2) L- 3, D. 4, pens. 8-11 fr. ; 
*Rossi.i, with garden, 80 beds at 2V2-4, B. IV2, L- 2i/2-3, D. .SV2-4, pens. 
8-10 fr. ; Hot. Bahnhof, 40 beds at 2-3, B. IV4, pens. 7-8 fr., well spoken 
of; LowK-TfjRMiNus, 26 beds at 2-2V2j D- 3, pens. 6-8 fr. ; Krone, 45 beds 
at 2-3, D. 2-2V2 fr. ; Ai.te Post, Stern, both unpretending. — Engl. Church 
Htrv. in July and August. 

GoscheneUj or Geschenen (3640'), picturesquely situated at the 
mouth of the Goschenen Valley (p. 150), is much frequented in 
summer as the starting-point of the roads over the St. Gotthard 
(p. 149) and the Furka (p. 157). In the cemetery is a monument 
n889), by Andreoletti, to Louis Favre (pp. 284, 332), the engineer 
of the St."^ Gotthard Tunnel, who died here on 19th July, 1879. 

'Vo the (Joschf'Tum-Tal (3 hrs. to tlie Goschencr Alp), see p. 150.— 
The Rienzen-Stock (1^(J26'), ascended in 4-5 hrs. from (:^osclienen via the 
Rieiitol (guide necessary, 20 fr.), commands a magnificent view. 

Beyond the station the train crosses the Gotlhard-Reuss (p. 150) 
and enters the great -St. Gotthard Tunnel, constructed in 1 872- 
82 at a cost of 56-74 million fr. (2,270,000/.). The tunnel, 28' broad 
and 21' high, is 16,393 yds. (^% M.) in length, being 5360 yds. 
(3 M.) shorter than the Simplon Tunnel. The central point is 3786' 
above the sea-level, from which it descends on ))otli sides, about 6' 

Haedkkkk, Switzerland. 21tli Edition. 1 (), 

1 46 IJ' ff- '^'5. - - Maps, pp. 142, 394, ATROLO. From Lucerne 

ill 1000' towards Goscheneii, and 2' in 1000' towards Airolo. The 
air in the interior is fresh and free from smoke ; the temperature 
is abont 70° Fahr. Express trains take 14-20 min. to pass through 
the tunnel, slow^ trains 21-25 min.; lanterns are placed on each side 
of the tunnel at intervals of 1000 metres. To the right and left, 
above the exit from the tunnel, are new fortifications. 

65 M. Airolo. — ^Railway Bestaurant —Hotels: *H6t.-Pbns. 
MoTTA, June 1st -Sept. 30th, 120 beds at 2-6, B. I1/2, L. 8, D. 4i/a, pens. 
8-12 f r. ; *H6tel Lombardi, 85 beds from 3, B. VI2, B. 4, S. 3, pens. 
9-11 fr. ; *H6tel de i.a Poste, R. 2-3, B. IV2, D- SVa, S. 2, pens. 7-10 fr. ; 
Hot.-Pens. Eriels, R. 2-2V2, B. IV4, L. 21/2, 1>. 3, pens. 6-7 fr.; *H6t. 
des Alpes, R. 2-3, B. 1 fr. 20 c., D. 3, S. 2, j)ens. 8 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. Trosi, 
40 beds at 2-5, D. 4, pens, from 8 fr. ; Pens. Borelli, pens. 6 fr., both near 
the station. 

Airolo (3750'; pop. 1697), in the upper valley of the Ticino, 
or Valle Leventina (p. 148), is frequented by Italians as a summer- 
resort. The scenery retains its alpine character until near Faido. 
To the W. is the imposing Pizzo Rotondo group. 

Excursions (guides, Clem. Dotta, Basil and Giovanni Jori , Mario 
Travella, and Fil. Salvatore of Airolo). To the St. Gotthard Pass (3 hrs. ; 
one-horse carriage 15, two-horse 25 fr.), see p. 154 (rich Alpine flora as 
far as the Tremola gorge). — Pizzo Rotondo (10,490'), the highest peak 
of the St. Grotthard , is ascended from Airolo in 8-9 hrs. (difficult; for 
experts only; guide 40 fr.). Walk in the afternoon (rough cart-track as 
far as Villa, 1^/4 hr.) to (3 hrs.) AlVAcqua in Val Bedretto (p. 389; inn), 
and spend the night; steep ascent thence over grassy slopes, debris, and 
snow-fields to the (31/2 hrs.) Passo Rotondo (9690'), whence th6 rocky- 
summit is reached in 1V2-2 hrs. by a difficult climb up a steep snow- 
couloir (foot-irons desirable) and over loose stones. *View very grand 
and picturesque (comp. p. 154). 

Passes. Through the Val Bedretto and over the Nufenen Pass to the 
Valais, see p. 389; over the San Giacomo Pass (7572') to the Falls of 
the Tosa, see p. 395. Through the Val Canaria and over the JJnteralp 
Pass (8300') to Andermatt (8 hrs.), fatiguing; ascent very steep. Over 
the Bocca di Cadlimo (8340') to Santa Maria on the Lukmanier (p. 469), 
8 hrs., attractive. — By the Passo Bornengo to Val Mai gels, see p. 467. — 
Over the Sassello Pass to Val Maggia, see p. 537. — Over the Passo del 
Sassi (ca. 8200'), interesting, but for steady climbers only (to Fusio 
8 hrs.). From Airolo past the hamlet of Nante and the (2 hrs.) Alp 
Piscium (5630') to {^U hr.) Comaschne (6234') and along precipitous rocks 
to the (2V4 hrs.) pass , between the Poncione di Vespero and Poncione 
di Mezzodi, with superb view of the Ticino mountains. Descent across 
steep grassy slopes (plenty of edelweiss) into the Val Maggia to (2 hrs.) 
Corte and (3/4 hr.) Fusio (p. 537). 

From Airolo to Disentis through the Val Piora (11 hrs. ; guide, 
unnecessary, to Piora 6, to Santa Maria 10 f r. ; porter from Airolo, 15 c. 
per kilogramme up to Piora, 10c. down; horse to Piora, 3 hrs., 15 fr.). 
Descending the St. G-otthard road for 3/4 M.^ we cross the Canaria to the 
left and ascend to (20 min.) Madrano (3890') and (35 min.) Brugnasco 
(4630'). The route then runs nearly level, overlooking the picturesque 
valley of the Ticino, and afterwards through wood. From (3/4 hr.) Altanca 
(4537'; inn) we ascend to the left in zigzags past a little shrine to the 
(40 min.) Alp in Valle (with a spring by the wayside). A rock below it 
bears a very ancient inscription. In the gorge to the right the Fossbach 
forms several falls. Fine retrospect of the Ticino mountains. We cross 
a rocky saddle to the (V2 hr.) picturesque Lake Ritom (6000'). On the 
right is the Hotel Piora (6003'; June Ist-Sept. 30th , 66 beds at 2V2-3Va, 
B, IV'ij D- 4, S. 3V2> pens. 8-10 fr.), an attractive and well-sheltered health- 

toBellin^ona. VAL PTORA. Map, p. 142, — II. R. 33. I47 

resort. Pine-woods close to the hotel; great variety of geological forma- 
tions and of plants. Bath in the lake (56° Fahr.), including towels, 50 c. 
Numerous walks in the environs, but the paths generally in bad repair. 
In secluded basins lie six little lakes, and there are four others just 
beyond the ridges in the direction of Val Cadlimo. Delightful view of 
the lake, the Ticino valley, etc., from the Bella Vista (V*^"'-); more 
extensive from Fongio (7257'), 1 hr. farther on by the Bucca di Fongio, and 
from the Cima di Camoghe (7740'; IV2 hr.). — *Taned.a (8760'), an easy 
ascent of 3 hrs. (guide advisable for novices), past Lake Torn to the ridge 
separating Val Piora from Val Cadlimo, between Taneda and Punta Nera, 
where we keep to the right, over debris and rocks, to the summit. 
Splendid view of the Val Piora, the Val Bedretto, and the Alps of Valais, 
Bern, Uri, Ticino, and the Grisons. A similar view is obtained from 
the Punta Nera (8925'), ascended (to the left from the Taneda saddle) 
in 21/4 hrs. Other good points (guides at the hotel) are the Corandoni (8733'; 
3Va hrs.), Ptz delV Uomo (9020'; 41/2 hrs.), Pizzo Lucomagno (9115'; 4 hrs.), 
*Pi^ J5Za§ (9920'; 51/2 hrs.), and *Piz Roiidadura (9905'; 51/2-6 hrs.). — The 
path to Santa Maria (3^/4 hrs.; white and red marks; porter 10 fr.) leads 
round the lake, to the left. By the (20 min.) Ritoni Chalets we ascend 
a good path, to the left , to the (20 min.) chapel of San Carlo. Crossing 
the brook and passing two wooden crosses on the right (leaving the small 
lake of Cadagno, with its chalets, to the left), we reach (1/4 hr.) the Alp 
Piora and (1/4 hr.) Murinascio, a group of huts. The path, indicated by 
crosses, leads straight on for 1/4 hr., and then ascends to the left. Farther 
on it always bears to the left. [The last huts of Piano de' Porci lie to the 
right, below. Persons bound for Olivone may from this point cross direct 
by the Passo Columbe (7792'), between the Scai and Piz Columbe, to the 
Casaccia hospice; p. 469.] We ascend the secluded Val Termine, with 
the Piz deW Uomo (9020') on the left, to the {^U hr.) Uomo Pass (7257'; 
10 min. before which is a good spring by a heap of stones), with its 
deserted hut. Descent on the other side by a bad path, marshy at places. 
To the left the MeAelser Rhine descends from the Vcd Cadlimo in a line 
fall. Before us, to the right, rises the Scopi, to the left the distant 
T5di chain. The (IV2 hr.) Hospice of Sta. Maria, see p. 469. Thence 
to Dise7iti8, or across the lAikmanier to Olivone j see R. 98. 

Below Airolo the train crosses the Ticino, which descends 
from the Val Bedretto (p. 389), passes through a short tunnel, 
and enters the Stretto di Stalvedro. On the left bank the highroad 
runs through four apertures in the rock. The valley expands. 69^2 ^J^- 
Ambri-Piotta (3250'; ''^ Hot. -Pens. Ambri, at the station, 75 
beds, pens. 8-10 f r. ; at Piotta, Hot. -Pens. Posta, pens. 6-8 fr. ; at 
Ambri Sotto, Sole^ pens. o^/g-G fr.), a pleasant summer-resort. 

To the left a road ascends from Piotta to the (2 M.) Sanatorium St. 
Gotthard (3937'; 70 beds, plain, pens. incl. medical attendance 12-21 fr.), 
iu a well-sheltered situation. — Prom Piotta to the Hotel Piora (p. 146), 
bridle-path via Altanca in 2 hrs. 

7272 M. Rodi-Fiesso (3100'; Hotel Rodl, Helvetia, both at 
the station), a charmingly situated summer-resort. 

Pleasant excursion to the (2 hrn.) Lago Tremorgio (5995'; see? p. 5.*{7). 
— Carriage-road (diligence twice dailv in l'/4hr.) via Prato and Conunte 
to (3V2M.) Dalpe ^3943'; Hot. -Pens, des Alpes, 35 beds at 2-3, 1). 3, pens. 
7-8 fr.), a liealtli-rcsort jiicturesquely situated in the valley of the l*iii- 
mogna (road also from Faido in r'/4 br.). Over \\\v. Campolungo Pass 
to the Val Maggia see j). 537. 

Beyond Kodi we come to one of the most curious parts of the line. 

The Plntifer (Monte Piotfim)) here juts into the valley from flic 

X.; the Ticino has forced a passage through the barrier, descending 


1 48 //. i?. 33. — Map, p. 476. FAIDO. From Lucerne 

in a series of falls through a wild gorge to a lower region of the 
valley. At Dazio Grande (3110') the railway crosses the Ticino, 
and after being carried through two short tunnels and the Freggio 
Spiral Tunnel (1712 yds.), it emerges in the Piottino Ravine, 
118' lower down. It then recrosses the Ticino (fine scenery), passes 
tlirough the Monte Piottino and Pardorea Tunnels, and descends 
118' more by means of the Prato Spiral Tunnel (1711 yds.). 
Finally, beyond the short Buscierina Tunnel (for the descent 
only; the ascending trains skirt the outside of the rocks), opens the 
beautiful valley of Faido. The Ticino is crossed by the Polmengo 
Bridge f2580'), beyond which is the Polmengo Tunnel (330 yds.). 

77^2 M- Faido. — Hotels : *H6tel- Pension Suisse, 90 bed>5, 
R. 3-G, B. IV2, L- .'^, 1^. 4, pens. 8-12 f r. ; Hotet. Faido, 60 beds, pens. 
8-12 fr. ; Hot. Milan, 60 beds, pens. 7-10 fr. ; these three at the station ; 
Hot.-Pens. Angelo & PosTA, 46 beds at 2-3, B. IV4, L- 21/2, !>. 31/2. 
pens. 6-7 fr.; *H6t.-Pens. Fransioli, 26 beds at 2-3, B. 1, L. 2, D. 2V2, 
pens. 6-8 fr. ; Hotel Vella. — Bestmirant de laPoste; Birreria Rosiav. 

Faido (2465'; pop. 1120), the capital of the Leventina, very 
picturesquely situated, is frequented as a summer-resort. It con- 
tains some interesting wooden houses of the 16th cent., with curious 
carvings. In the centre of the village is the statue of the Swiss 
educationist Stefano Franscini, born here in 1796. On the right 
the Piumogna descends to the Ticino in a fine fall. 

The Valle Leventina, or Ticino Valley, formerly belonged in 
common to the thirteen confederated cantons (with the exception of 
Appenzell), and was governed most despotically by bailiffs, who purchased 
their appointments. The French put an end to this mode of government 
in 1798, and in 1814 the Congress of Vienna formed the Leventina and 
other Italian districts into the canton of Tessin or Ticino. 

From Faido over the Predelp Pass to the Luktnanier, see p. 469; to 
Dcdpe and over the Campolungo Pass to the Val Maggia, see pp. 147, 537. 

We now traverse beautiful scenery, richly wooded with walnut 
and chestnut trees, on the left bank of the Ticino. To the right, 
Chiggiogna, with an old church. From the cliffs on both sides fall 
several cascades, the veil-like fall of the Cribiasca, on the right, 
near (82 M.) Lavorgo (2025'), being the finest. Huge masses of 
rock lie scattered about, interspersed with fine chestnut-trees. 
Below Lavorgo the Ticino forces its way through the picturesque 
Biasehina Ravine and forms a fine fall, while the railway de- 
scends about 230' on the left bank by means of two spiral tunnels, 
one below the other in corkscrew form, viz. the Pianotondo Tunnel 
(1643 yds.; descent of 115') and the Travi Tunnel (1706 yds.; 
descent of 118'). Crossing the Ticino we reach — 

86 M. Giornico (1480'). The village (Posta, Cervo, both 
well spoken of), lying among vineyards on the left bank, 1^4 M. 
to the S., has an old Lombard tower and remains of fortifications 
near the church of Santa Maria di Castello. The church of San 
Niccolb da Mira is early Romanesque. — Below Giornico we cross 
the Ticino again. On the right is the pretty fall of the Ora^nosina. 

to Bellinzona. BIASCA. Map, p, 476.- II. R. S3. 149 

90 M. Bodio (1090'; Fens. Corecco)^ with large electric power- 
works. Beyond Polleggio (Corona) the Brenno descends from the 
Vol Blenio (p. 470) on the left, and is crossed by two bridges. 
The Ticino valley expands, and takes the name of Riviera down to 
the mouth of the Moesa. Luxuriant vines, chestnuts, walnuts, mul- 
berries, and fig-trees indicate that we are nearing 'the garden of 
the earth, fair Italy'. The vines extend their dense foliage over 
wooden trellis-w^ork supported by stone pillars, 6-10' in height. 

94 M. Biasca (970'; Rail. Restaurant ; Hot. -Pens. Suisse; 
Alhergo San Gottardo), with an old Romanesque church on a hill, 
at the foot of the Pizzo Magno (7535'). A series of oratories 
ascends to the Petronilla Chapel^ near which is a pretty water- 
fall of the Carigiolo. — To Olivone (tramway to Acquarossa)^ and 
over the Lukmanier to Disetitis, see E,. 98. 

The train skirts the richly clothed E. slopes of the valley, w^hich 
is very hot and dusty in summer. Two tunnels. 97^/2 M. Osogna 
(870'; Restaurant Paolo) lies at the foot of an abrupt rock. 101 M. 
Claro (830') lies at the base of the Pizzo di Claro (8930'), a 
beautiful mountain with luxuriant pastures, on the slope of which 
stands the monastery of Santa Maria (2074'). Beyond (IO372 M.) 
Castione (800') we pass the mouth of the Val Mesocco (p. 478) 
and cross the Moesa. To the left lies Arhedo (p. 478). Beyond a 
short tunnel we come in sight of Bellinzona, with its old castles. 

1051/2 M. Bellinzona (760'), see p. 526. 

From Bellinzona to Lugano and Como, see p. 526 ; to Locai^no, 
p. 533 ; to LuinOj p. 537. 

34. Prom Goschenen to Airolo over the 

St. Gotthard. 

I'J M. Diligence from G-oschenen to Hospenthal 4 times daily in IV'jhr. 
(2 fr. 10 or 2 fr. 55 c). Diligence from Andermatt over the St. Gotthard to 
Airolo in summer daily in 73/^ hrs. (6 fr. 40, coupe 7 fr. 70 c), with 3V« hrs.' 
stay at the St. Gotthard Hospice. Omnibuses from the GOschenen station 
to the Andermatt (iVa fr.) and Hospenthal hotels {2 fr.). Carriage from 
Goschenen to Andermatt 8-10, with two horses 15, to Hospenthal 12 and 
20 fr. ; carriage and pair to the St. G-otthard Pass 35-40, to Airolo (j0-()5 fr. 
From Airolo to the pass one-horse carr. 15, two-horse 25, to Andermatt 
25 and 50, Goschenen 30 and fiO fr. Driver's fee 10 per cent. 

The St. Gotthard was probably the most frequented of Alpine passes 
till the beginning of the lUth century, but was gradually deserted for 
the new roads over the Simplon, the SplUgen, and the Hernardino. In 
1820-32 the cantons of Uri and Ticino constructed the carriage-road, whicii 
was much frequented for half-a-century , but since the completion of the 
railway is again deserted. It is still interesting to drive or wali< over 
the pass. On foot from GOschenen to Anderniatt, IV4 hr. ; thence to 
Hospenthal, 40 min.; thence to the pass, 2Vahrs.; and thence to Airolo, 
2-2'/i hrs., or by footpaths, IV4 hr. Those whose object is to make ex- 
cursions from the pass will reach it more quickly from Airolo than from 
GoHchenen (:» hrs. ; carriages, sec above). Karly in the morning almost 
the whole way from Airolo lf» Hospenthal is in th'/ shade. 

150 ^^- 1^outcS4. GOSCHENER ALr. FroniGdschencn 

Goschenen (3640'), on the St. Gotthard Railway, see p. 145. 

The Goschenen-Tal (3 hrs. to the Goschener Alp; guide, 6 fr., 
uunecessary ; horse 15 fr.) deserves a visit. Guides, Jos, Maria Gramma at 
Groschenen; Peter Gamma at Goschener Alp. - A good path (red marks) 
asceuds the left bank via Abfrutt, crossing to the right bank short of 
(IV4 hr.) Wicki (4350'), where the Voralp-Tal opens to the right (see below; 
at the bridge the small inn Zum Griinen Wald). It then recrosses to the 
left bank, returns to the right bank, passes the Brindlistaffel (5033'), crosses 
again to the left bank and reaches the — 

13/4 hr. Goschener Alp (5625'; Hotel - Pension Dammagletscher, 
June-Oct. , R. 4-5, B. IV2, I^- ^Va, pens. 9-12 fr. ; small Inn near the 
church), grandly situated. To the W. descends the beautiful Damma 
Glacier from the Winterberg ; ana 1 hr. farther up the valley the Goschenen- 
Reuss issues from the Kehle Glacier, imbedded between the Winterberg 
and Steinberg. Walks may be taken to the (1 hr.) Damma Glacier, the 
(iVahr.) Kehle Glacier, the (IV2 hr.) Bergsee (7710'), and the (2V2 hrs.) 
Kehlen-Alp Club Hut (7710'; see below). The Moosstock (8400'; 3 hrs. ; guide) 
is attractive for experts. Difficult (for thorough adepts only; guides 35 fr. 
each) are iha Dammastock (11,920'), Rhonestock (11,825'), Eggstock (11,565'), 
Tiefenstock (11,525'), and Schneestock (11,837'); these are better assailed 
from the Trift Hut (p. 172). — A toilsome but very interesting path (51/3- 
6 hrs. ; guide 15 fr.) leads from the Goschener Alp over the Alpligen 
Glacier and the Alpligen-Liicke (9115'), between the Lochberg and 
tSpitzberg, to Realp (p. 158). The ^Lochberg (10,130'; splendid view of 
the Galenstock and St. Gotthard group) is ascended in 1 hr. from the 
pass. — Over the Winterliicke (9450') to (7 hrs.) Realp, or to (7i/a hrs.) the 
Furka-Strasse (Hot. Tiefengletscher), see p. 158 (difficult; guide 20 fr.). — 
Over the Damma Pass (ca. 11,480') to the (8-9 hrs.) Trift Hut (p. 172), very 
laborious and difficult, for expert mountaineers only (guide 40 fr.). - - 
Over i\\e. Susten-Limmi {10,1^0') or the Tierberg-Limm^i (about 10,500') to 
the Stein Inn, 8 hrs., toilsome (guide 20 fr. ; see p. 173). — The *Susteil- 
horn (11,523'; eVa-'J'hrs.; guide 25 fr.), a laborious ascent, commands a 
magnificent prospect. From the (2Va hrs.) club-hut on the Kehlen Alp (see 
above), where the night is spent, we ascend by the (2V2-3 hrs.) Susten- 
Liimni (see above) to the (lVa-2 hrs.) summit. Descent to the Stein Inn 
(guide 30 fr.), see p. 173. — Fleckistock (11,215'; 8-8V2 hrs. ; guide 30 fr.), 
not very difficult for experts. We ascend from (IV4 hr.) Wicki (p. 145) 
through the Voralp-Tal, via the Hornfeli , Bodmen, and Flachensteinen 
Alps, to the (21/ahrs.) Voralp Hut of the S.A.C. (7118'), at the foot of 
the Wallenbilhlflrn ; thence we mount to the right to the grassy terrace 
of the Fluhe (7875'), and over the steep S.W. arete to the (4Va-5 hrs.) 
summit. A steep and trying descent (only for expert climbers with steady 
heads) may be made over weather-worn rocks and finally over the Kar- 
tigel Glacier to (51/2 hrs.) the village of Meien (p. 174; guide 35 fr.). The 
Kilhplankenstock (10,575'; 4V2-5 hrs. ; guide 35 fr.) and the Stilcklistock 
(10,855'; 5-6 hrs., difficult; guide 35 fr.) may also be ascended from the Vor- 
alp Hut. — Salbitschyn (9810'), from Abfrutt (see above) in 5-6 hrs., trying 
(guide 15, with descent to the Voralp-Tal 20 fr.). — Over the Wallenbiihl- 
firn and the Susten-Joch (8717') to the Meien-Tal, with descent through 
the Kalchtal (p. 173), difficult (guide 20 fr.); fine view from the pass. 

Above the Goschenen station the *St. Gotthard Road crosses 
the Reuss by the Vordere or Hdderli Brucke (3720'). On the 
left are the railway-bridge and the N. end of the great tunnel. 
Here, 2 min. beyond Goschenen, begins the sombre defile of the 
*Scli611enen, 2^2 ^- long, flanked by lofty and almost perpen- 
dicular granite rocks, at the base of which dashes the Reuss. The 
road ascends in windings, the first of which may be cut off by 
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toAirolo. ANDERMATT. II. Route 34. 151 

(short-cut across the bridge; a little above are the Goschenen water- 
works, with a large waterfall), and crossing the (1^/4 M.) Sprengi- 
Briicke (4048'). The road in the Schollenen is much exposed to 
avalanches, and at one of the most dangerous points is protected 
by a gallery, 60 yds. long. Travellers should not approach too near 
to the edge of the road which is undermined at places. 

The road next crosses (3 M. from Goschenen) the (l^g M.) 
*Devirs Bridge (Teufels - Briicke , 4593'), amid grand rocky 
scenery. The Reuss here falls into an abyss 100' below, bedewing 
the bridge wath its spray. The wind often comes down the gorge 
in violent gusts. The new bridge, built of granite in 1830, has a 
single arch of 60' span. The old bridge , 20' below, carried away 
by a flood in 1888, w^as the scene of fierce conflicts, in Aug. and 
Sept., 1799, between the French on the one side and the Austrians 
and Russians under Suvoroff on the other, the former being com- 
pelled to retreat to the Lake of Lucerne. In memory of this the 
Suvw^off Monument y a large granite cross, 39' high, was erected 
in 1899 in a niche on the face of the rocks, to the left, above the 
bridge. On the pedestal is a Russian inscription ('to the brave com- 
rades of Field Marshal Suvoroff, Count of Rimnik, Prince of Italy'). 

Beyond the Devil's Bridge (cabaret; collection of St. Gotthard 
minerals) the road winds upwards to the (7^ M.) Urner Loch 
(4642'), a tunnel 70 yds. long, cut through the rock in 1707. Near 
the Urner Loch strong fortifications have been erected, and roads 
have been made from below the Devil's Bridge to the Bdtzberg and 
from the Oberalp to the top of the Musch (not accessible). 

The Urseren Valley, on which the road emerges from the 
dark Urner Loch, contrasts strikingly with the wild region just 
quitted. This peaceful green valley (p. 158), watered by the Reuss, 
is about 8 M. long and 72'! M- broad, and is surrounded by lofty 
and barren mountains partially covered with snow. Corn grows but 
scantily, and trees are scarce. Winter lasts nearly eight months, 
and during the short summer heating is often necessary. Near (^/4 M.) 
Andermatt, on the left, is a training-camp of Swiss artillery. 

372 M. Andermatt. — Hotels: *Gkand- Hotel Bellevue, in 
an open nituation at the lower end of the village, open June to Oct. and 
Dec. to March, 146 beds, R. 3Va-10, B. l^V^, L. 4, D. H, pens. 12-20 (in 
winter 10-16) f r. ; *Danioth's Gkand-HOtel, at the W. end of the village, 
open June 16tli to Oct. 1st and Dec. 1st to March 16th, 120 beds, R. 3-8, 
B. IV2, L. .^72, 1>. 5, pens. 9-16 f r. ; *H6t. Monopol, to the N. of the 
village, 70 beds from 2V2, \i. I'/a, D. 4, pens. 8-10 f r. ; *St. Gotthar]) 
(May-Nov.), 50 beds at 2'/a-4, B. I'/a, !>• 4, pens. 7-9 fr. ; *Kronk, 46 beds at 
2'/r3, B. IV4, D. :j, S. 2Va, pens. 7-H f r. ; *Tkoih Roir, .'{5 beds at 2, B. IV4, 
D. .'{, oens. 7-8 fr. ; 1I6tel-Rksta(jkant Touuistk, adjaccuit to Hot. Bellevur, 
46 beds at 2-.'}, B. IV,, D. 3 fr. ; opposite, Hotki. Naokk (in siuniner), 25 beds 
at 1-2, B. 1, D. 2, pens. 6-7 fr. ; HOtei> Feoikk, :U) beds at 2-:^, D. 2-3, 
pens. 0-8 fr. ; Lovven; Sonne; Scmi.Ossel. - St. Gotthard niiiKuals at .7. 
B(ipt. Mej/er'ft. — Enf/liHh Church Service at the Bellevni'. 

Andermatt (4738'; pop. 850), the principal village in the valley, 

152 tl* R' 34. — Map, p. 160. HOSPENTHAL. i^rom Goschenen 

is frequented both as a health-resort in summer and as a centre 

of sports in winter. 13y the artillery camp (see above) is the old 

church of St. Columbaii, said to date from the 7th cent., but 

rebuilt at a later period (modern frescoes). The Mariahilf Chapel 

(6 min.) affords a good survey: to the W. the barren grey Biitz- 

berg, in the background the Furka, to the left the Muttenhorn ; a 

few paces beyond the chapel the Badus (see below) is visible; to 

the E., in long zigzags, ascends the Oberalp road (p. 468). Above 

the village is a Bannwald (p. 142). 

Excursions. The Giitsch (7640'), 2Va hrs. to the N.E. of Audeimatt. 
is easily ascended by a path diverging to the left from the Oberalp road 
near (1 hr.) the chalets of Bufenen (6125'). Fine view of the Urseren 
valley and the summits of the St. Grotthard group. — To the Hot. Ober- 
alpsee by the Oberalp road, a walk or drive of 2 hrs. (one-horse carr. 15, 
two-horse 25 fr.); thence to the Calmot (IV4 hr.), or to the Stock (1^1 4 hr.: 
incl. the Lautersee, 2^4 hrs.), both easy (see p. 467). — The *Badus or 
Six Madun (9615'), the huge outpost of the Alps of the Orisons, is 
ascended from Andermatt via the Eossboden-Alp in 5 hrs. (toilsome; 
guide 15 fr. ; better from the Hot. Oberalpsee, p. 467, in SVa hrs.). The 
summit, which consists of blocks of gneiss, commands a magnificent view. 

— The GurschenstocTc (9423'; 4 hrs.; guide 10 fr.) and Gamsstock (9728'; 
41/3 hrs.; 12 fr.) are also fine points and not difficult; more laborious is 
the Kastelhorn (9766'; 5 hrs.; guide 15 fr.); corap. below. 

From Andermatt over the Ohei^alp to Coire, see R. 97 ; over the Furka 
to the Rhone Glacier, R. 36; over the TJnteralp Pass to Jirolo (8 hrs.; 
guide 12 fr.), see p. 146. 

5 M. Hospenthal. — Hotels. *Meyerhof (June 1st- Oct. 1st), 
75 beds at 2Va-5 , B, IV2, L. 3, D. 4, pens. 8-12 f r. ; *Goldner Lowe 
(May-Oct.), 40 beds at 2-3, B. I1/4, L. 2V25 D- ^Va, pens. 7-9 fr. ; Kreuz 
& Post, 25 beds, pens. 5-6 fr., Stern, pens. 4-5 fr., very fair; Schafli, 
20 beds at IV2-2, B. 1, pens. 5V2-6V2 fi'-j ^t. Gotthard, pens. 5-6 fr., 
the four last unpretending. — Guide, Sam. Camenzind. — English Church 
Service in summer in the Meyerhof. 

Hospenthal (4870'), formerly the seat of the barons of Hospen- 
thal, of whose castle the ancient tower on the hill is a relic, is 
picturesquely situated at the confluence of the Realp-Reuss and 
the St. Gotthard-Reuss. It is frequented as a health-resort, and 
has a pine-wood in the immediate vicinity. The Furka Road 
(R. 36) diverges here to the right. 

Excursions. Piz Orsino {Winterhorn, 8747'), 3Va hrs. (guide 10, 
with descent to the St. Ootthard 12 fr.), easy and interesting (comp. p. 154). 

— Gamsstock (9728'), 4 hrs. (guide 12 fr.), not difficult: via {l^l^ hr.) 
Gigenstafel to the (1-V4 hr.) St. Anna Glacier, and then either across it, 
or by the arete to the (V2 hr.) summit (see above). — Kastelhorn (9766'), 
by the Guspis valley in 4V2-5 hrs. (guide 15 fr.), less trying hence than 
from Andermatt (see above). — Pizzo Centrale (9850'), 5-5i/a hrs. (guide 
15 fr.), by the Gamsboden and the Q-uspis valley, fatiguing (preferable 
from the St. Ootthard pass, p. 153); over the Guspis Glacier 1 hr. more. 

The St. Gotthard road winds up the bleak valley of the St. Gott- 
hard-Reuss (short-cut to the left by the second house beyond the 
Reuss bridge), affording pleasant retrospects of the Urseren-Tal 
and the jagged Spitzberge (p. 158), and, to the W., of the Galen- 
stock. On the (3 M.) Gamsboden (5380') the abrupt Guspis-Tal 

to Airolo. ST. GOTTHARD. ^^ap, p. 150. -~ IT. R. 34. 153 

opens to the left, Avith the Gtispis Glacier and the Pizza Centrale 
(see below) at its head. At a bend in the road (^/^ M.) is the First 
Cantoniera (5876'; now used for military purposes), adjoined by 
the Restaurant Schweizerheim , at the foot of the Piz Orsino 
(8747'). In 25 min. more the road crosses the border (6277') of 
Canton Ticino and then gradually ascends past (1^2 ^0 the dilap- 
idated Second Cantoniera (6482'), to the (^3 M.) Rodont Bridge 
(6620') over the Reuss, near its outflow from the Lake of Lucendro. 
To the *Ijako of Lucendro (6815'), a digression of V2 hr. The path 
diverges to the right below the Rodont Bridge, leads over rocks to the (V4 hr.) 
beautiful dark lake, and skirts its N. bank. To the S. the Pizzo la Valletta 
(8334'), to the S.W. the Piz Lucendro (9708'), to the W. the Ywerber- 
horner (9265'), Piz delV Uomo (8820'), etc. — The path crosses the Reuss at 
its exit from the lake, and rejoins the St. Gotthard road near the pass. 

On the (1 M.) Pass of St. Gotthard (6935') the road passes 
between several small lakes. 

The St. Gotthard is a mountain-group, 160 sq. M. in area, with a 
number of different peaks, extensive glaciers, and about thirty small 
lakes. The pass is a barren depression, destitute of view, bounded on 
the E. by the precipitous Sasso di San Gottardo (8235'), and on the W. 
by the rocks of the Fibbia (8995') and the Pizzo la Valletta (8334'). The 
chief peaks of the St. Gotthard are: E., the Monte Prosa (8983') and 
Pizzo Centrale {9SbO')] W., the Piz Lucendro {dlOS'), Yiuerberhorn {d26b'), 
Piz delV Uomo (8820'), and Piz Orsino or Winterhorn (8747'); then, more 
to the W., the Leckihorn (10,070'), Muttenhorn (10,184'), Pizzo Pesciora 
(10,250'), Pizzo RotoJido (10,490'), and Kiihbodenhorn (10,080'). — The St. 
Gotthard is famous for its rich Alpine flora and for its highly interesting 
geological formation. Many rare minerals are found here. All the ap- 
proaches to the St. Gotthard are guarded by modern fortifications, with 
a total circumference of nearly 40 M. 

II3/4M. H6tel Monte Prosa (6870'; open June Ist-Oct. 15th; 
140 beds, R. 2-4, H. l^/o, D. 4, pens. 8-9 f r. ; telephone to Airolo), 
8 min. to the S. of the pass. Adjacent is the St. Gotthard Hospice, 
with a meteorological station. 

Excursions. (The servants of the hotel act as guides for the shorter 
excursions.) To the Sorescia or Scara Orell (7350'), pleasant (1 hr. ; 
guide unnecessary). We descend the road to the S., cross the Ticino, 
and ascend a narrow path to the left. Fine view, especially of the Ticino 
Alps, the Cristallina, Campo Tencia, Basodino, etc. 

*Pizzo Centrale (9850'; 3Vahrs.; guide 10 fr.), somewhat fatiguing, 
but most interesting. IJeyond the Gotthard Hospice we cross the brook 
to the left, and ascend the slope of tlie Sasso San Gottardo over debris to 
the entrance of the Sella Valley, through which the route leads. To the 
left rises Mte. Prosa (see below). We skirt the slope high above the 
Sella Lake (7320') and ascend snow-fields to the base of the peak, which 
consists of crumbling liornblende. *View of striking magnificence, em- 
bracing almost all the highest mountains in Switzerland (panorama by 
A. Ileim;. The ascent is more laborious from Hospenthal (0-5V51 hrs. ; 
see p. 152). — Monte Prosa (8983'; 2'/a ^>rs.; guide 7 fr.), not ditlicult. 
By the hut above the Sella fiake (l'/4 hr.) we diverge to tlie left from 
the Pizzo Ontralc oath, and ascend poor pastures and patches of snow 
to the (Vj hr.) saddle (8520') between the I'rosa and Blaub(!rg. Then to 
the left, up tlie arOte, and lastly ov(!r sharp rocks to ('/a lir.) the top. 
The W. peak, 41' higher than the K., is sei)aratcd from it by a cleft 
20' de<;i). View inferif)r to that from the Pi/zo Centiale, 

The Fibbia ^8995'; 2'/.jbrH,; gniiN'. 5 fr.), a gi^'untic rocU which com- 
mands the St. (iotthard road on the W. and deHcenrjs precipitously to 

154 II' J^- 'ii. Map.p. 150. VAL TREMOLA. 

the Val Tremola, may be ascended through the desolate Valletta di iS'a;< 
Gottardo (rather fatiguing). Excellent survey of the St. Qotthard group, 
the valley of the Ticino, and the Ticino Alps. — Piz Orsino, or 
"Winterhorn (8747'), via the Rodo7it Alp in 4 hrs. (guide 7 fr.), easy 
and repaying (see p. 152). — *Piz Lucendro (9708'; 3Va-4 hrs.; guide 
10 fr.), a fine point, free from difficulty. From the Lucendi^o Lake (p. 148) 
we ascend by the Lucendro Alp and the depression between the Ywerber- 
hSrner and the Pizzo la Valletta to the Lucendro Glacier and to the 
rocky summit. — Pizzo Rotondo (10,490'), the highest peak of the St. 
Gotthard group, 7-8 hrs. (guide 30 fr.), difficult. We follow the Lecki Pass 
route (see below) to the Rotondo Club Hut near the Wyttenwasser Glacier, 
ascend to the left to the Wyttenicasser Pass (9365') and skirt the precipi- 
tous slopes of the Pizzo Rotondo to the Fasso Rotondo (9515'), whence 
we climb to the left to the summit (p 146). 

Passes. Over the Orsino Pass to Realp, 41/2 hrs., not difficult for 
adepts, but guide advisable (18 fr.). We ascend either from the St. Oott- 
hard road, V2 M- below the Rodont Bridge (p. 153), to the left via the 
stony Rodo7it Alp and past the Orsino Lake (7515'), or from the Lucendro 
Lake to the N.W. over grassy slopes, past the Orsirora Lake (8058'; to 
the left). The (2 hrs.) Orsino Pass (8464'), to the S.W. of Piz Orsino 
(see above) , commands a striking view. Descent to the Cacciola Alp 
and then (steep) to the Wyttenwasser Valley and (2 hrs.) Realp (p. 158). 

Over the Lecki Pass to the Furka (10-11 hrs., guide 30 fr.), fatiguing, 
but interesting on the whole. From the Lucendro Lake we ascend via the 
Lucendro Alp to the (2 hrs.) Yv:erher Pass (ca. 8860'), to the N. of the 
Ywerberhorn, whence we descend to the Wyttenwasser Alp (7105') and 
ascend again by the Wyttenwasser Glacier to (3V2 hrs.) the Lecki Pass 
(9555'), lying between the Rottdlihorn (9540') and the Leckihorn (10,070'; 
easily ascended from the pass in Va h^. as far as the signal, 10,015'). 
Descent across the Mutte^i Glacier, to the Mutten Alp (6950'), whence we 
ascend again to the Tie7-herg Alp (8005') and, skirting the Tierberg, de- 
scend across alpine pastures to the (472-5 hrs.) Furka Hotel (p. 159). — 
Or we may proceed from the Wyttenwasser Grlacier to the Wyttemvasser 
Pass (9365') and the Fasso Rotondo and thence descend to AW Acqua in 
the Val Bedretto (see above and p. 146; 10 hrs. from the Hotel Prosa, an 
interesting expedition for experts). 

From the Hospice to Airolo is a walk or drive of 2^/2 hrs.; in 
the reverse direction 8^3 ^^^- ^^ winter and spring the snow- 
drifts on the roadside are often 30-40' high, and they sometimes 
remain throughout the summer. Snow-storms and avalanches are 
most prevalent on the S. side. About ^3 ^- ^^ ^^^ ^•^- ^^^ ^^^^^ 
crosses that branch of the Ticino which issues from the Sella 
Lake (p. 153), and enters the dismal Val Tremola; it then de- 
scends past the Cantoniera San Giuseppe (6010') in numerous 
windings, avoided by the old bridle-path. Rich Alpine flora. At 
the (141/4 M.) Eifugio Val Tremola (5564') the Val Tremola ends 
and the Valle Leventina (p. 148) begins. *Yiew down to Quinto. 
To the right opens the Val Bedretto (p. 389), from which the main 
branch of the Ticino descends. 

19 M. Airolo (3750'), see p. 146. 

Travellers going from the St. Gotthard to the Val Bedretto need not 
descend to Airolo, but save an hour by leaving the road below the Rifugio 
Val Tremola (see above), at the angle of the second bend in the direction 
of the Val Bedretto. The path descends to the right, and at Fontana 
(p. 389) joins the road leading from Airolo to All' Acqua. 


35. The Maderaner-Tal. 

The *Maderaner-Tal, a picturesque valley about 12 M. in length, 
enclosed by lofty mountains and watered by the turbulent KdrstelenbacJi, 
is worthy of a visit. Bridle-path (shaded in the early morning) from 
Amsteg to the (3Va hrs.) Hotel Alpencluh (porter 6, horse 12 fr., there and 
back within two days 24 fr.). Beautiful return-route via the Stdfel Alps 
(see below), 6-7 hrs., practicable even for ladies. 

Amsteg (1712'), see p. 143. A\^e diverge from the St. Gotthard 
road on the left bank of the Kdrstelenhach and ascend by a good 
zigzag path (road to Bristen under construction) to the (^/2 hr.) 
St. Antoni- Kapelle ; then, through gently sloping pastures and 
orchards, to (20 min.) the hamlet of Bristen (2615'; Pension 
Bristen, R. l^g? B- 1? pens. 5-6 fr.). The path descends a little, 
crosses by (5 min.) an iron bridge to the right bank of the foaming 
Karstelenbach, and again ascends. After 7 min. we avoid a bridge 
to the right, leading to the narrow Etzli-Tal (p. 157), in which, 
^/^ hr. farther up, is a fine waterfall. After 20 min. the path 
recrosses by the Tal-Brilcke (2685') to the left bank and leads 
to the (5 min.) houses Am Schattigen Berg. It then ascends 
rapidly to (40 min.) the top of the Lungenstutz (3600'), with two 
taverns, the second (8 min.) commanding a fine view. Passing through 
wood at places, we next cross the Griessenbach and the Stalden- 
bach to (^2 hr.) the chalets of Stossi (3904'). Crossing the Karstelen- 
bach at a (5 min.) Saw Mill, and passing the houses of Balmwald 
on the right, we reach in 25 min. more the Balmenegg and the 
"Hdtel zum Schweizer Alpenclub (4442'; open from June to 
end of Sept. ; 100 beds, R. 2^/^-3% B. 1 1/4, D- 4, S. 3, pens. 8-10 fr. ; 
Engl. Church Service in summer). Fine view from the terrace on 
the S. side. Pleasant wood-walks near. About ^/g M. from the hotel 
is the small Butzli-See (boat). 

To the Hiifi Glacier, an interesting walk (1 hr. ; guide unnecessary). 
From the inn a path, at first through wood, ascends the grassy slopes on 
the N. side of the valley (passing opposite the falls of the Bruiuiihach, 
the Std'ubcrbach, and the Ldmvierbach), crosses the Spritzbach^ the Seiden- 
bach, and the Milchbdche, and ascends to (1 hr.) a rocky height (6385'), 
overlooking the glacier, from which the Karstelenbach issues. — The Seel- 
©gg (672r/j, which rises to the S.W. al)Ove the Lungenstutz (see above), 
is easily ascended, turning to the left -dt Stossi, in 2 hrs. (guide). The *View 
includes the Etzli and Reuss valleys, the Bristenstock, and the mountain- 
chain to the N. of the Maderaner-Tal. 

Beautiful return-route to Amsteg by the *Stafeln (6-7 hrs.; 
guide 8 fr., not indisj)(!nsable for experts), the lofty pastures on th(; 
N. side of tin; valley. We may either ascend from the hotel by a 
steep path through wood ('Eselsweg') direct to the (1-74 hr.) Stdfel 
Alp; or we may first proceed to the above-mentioned rock over- 
looking the Hiifi Glacier (1 hr.), and th(!n ascend by a zigzag putli 
via the Tritt to the (1 hr.) Alp G''m>/* (6215') , the"(Vt '"'•) ><f<V'^'^ 
AljJ (6285'), and the ('/.^ hr.) Alp Bernd smut t (6555'). i\lagnifir(;nt 
view of the Hiifi Glaci(T, Clariden Pass, DllHsistock, Tschingel (ila- 

1 5G //. i^. :io, - Map, p. oi. MADEKANER-TAL 

cier, Obcralpstock, Weitenalpstock, Crispalt, Bristenstock, Galeii- 
stock, Spitzliberg, the Windgalleii, andRuchen. From the Stiif el Alp 
we descend rapidly to the pretty GolzerenSee (4625') and the (1 hr.) 
Golzeren Alp (4583'), then cross two brooks and pass the chalets 
of Glausen^ and lastly descend in zigzags through underwood to 

(1^/2 hr.) Bristen and (^2 lii'-) Amsteg. 

Excursions from the Hotel Alpenclub. (Gruides: Jos. Tresch, 'the 
Red', and son, Jos. Tresch, 'the Black', Melchior Tresch, Franz Walker; 
comp. also p. 143.) — The ascent of the Dtissistock {Piz Git, 10,703'; 
B-7 hrs. ; guide 25 fr.) is difficult and requires experience. We may either 
ascend from the Htiii Hut (see below) by the N.W. arete in 4 hrs., or pro- 
ceed up the Brunni-Tal to the (2 hrs.) Waltersfirren Alp (p. 157), whence 
we ascend to the left to the (2 hrs.) Resti- Tschingel Glacie?', and cross it, 
finally clambering over difficult rocky ledges to the Kleine Dilssi (10,280') 
and thence over the S.W. arete to the (2 hrs.) summit. Splendid view. — 
The *Oberalpstock {Piz Tgietschen, 10,925'; 7V2-8 hrs. ; guide 25-30 fr., 
with descent to Disentis 35 fr.) presents no serious difficulty to adepts. We 
either proceed from the Alpenclub Hotel by the Brunni Pass route to the 
(41/2 hrs.) Urner Bilhl (see below) and thence ascend the Brunni Glacier, 
finally by rocks to the (3Va-4: hrs.) summit; or (harder) ascend from the 
(5Va hrs.) Krilzli Pass (p. 157) across the Strim Glacier in 3V2-4^ hrs. — 
Weitenalpstock (9870'), from the Alp Rossboden in the Etzli-Tal 
(4 hrs. from Amsteg) via the Weiten-Alp in 41/2 hrs., very toilsome (guide 
25 fr.).--Piz Cambriales (10,540'; 25 fr.), SVa-^ hrs. from the Hiifialp Hut 
(guide 20 fr.), and Claridenstock (10,730'; 25 fr.), 4-4Va hrs. from the hut, 
not very difficult for practised climbers. Kanamlistock (10,624'; 26 fr.), 
5 hrs. from the Htlfialp Hut, by the Kanimli-Liicke (see below), laborious. 
— The Grosse Scheerhorn (10,815'), from the Hiifialp Hut by the Hilfi- 
flrn in 5-6 hrs. (guide 25 fr.), is not very difficult in a favourable state 
of the snow. — The G-rosse iluchen (10,290'), from the Hot. Alpenclub 
via the Alpgnof'er Aelpli (p. 157), the Aelpli Glacier, and the Ruclien- 
flrn in 6 hrs. (guide 20 fr.), not very difficult, but very fatiguing; des- 
cent to the (3/4 hr.) Ruchkehlen Pass (p. 157) and Unterschachen. — The 
Gross© 'Windgalle or Kalkstock (10,470'), from the Windgdllen- Hiitte 
of the S.A.C. on the Oertliboden (6685'; 4Va hrs. from Amsteg) via the 
Stdfel Glacier in 4Va-5 hrs. (guide 30 fr.), very difficult and sometimes 
dangerous. — The Kleine "Windgalle (9800'), from the Windgallen-Hiitte 
via the Alp Oberkdsern (6390') in SVa-"! hrs. (guide 20 fr.), not very difficult. 

Passes. To Linthal over the Clariden Pass, 11-12 hrs. from the 
Alpenclub Hotel, a grand expedition, without difficulty for experts (guide 
35 fr.). We ascend the slopes of the DUssistock on the left bank of the Hilfl 
Glacier, via the Hiifl Alp (6560'), with the old club-hut, to the (31/2 hrs.) 
finely situated Hiifi Hut of the S.A.C. (7670'; spend night). Then over 
the moraine to the Iliifl Glacier, and gradually up the Hilfiflrn and Clariden- 
flrn to the (3-3Va hrs.) Clariden Pass (9740'), between the Hintere Spitz- 
alpeli-Stock (9853') and the Claridenhoim (10,184'; fine view of the Todi, the 
Rheinwald peaks, etc.). We then descend, passing the BocktscMngel, a 
rock with a hole through it, and the Gemsfayrenstock (p. 94), to the (1^2- 
2 hrs.) Clarida Hut on the Altenorenstock (8000'; p. 94), whence we proceed 
via the Altenoren Alp to (3 hrs.) Linthal (p. 93). Or from the Hiififirn we 
may cross the Planura Pass (9645'), between the Hintere Spitzalpeli- Stock 
and the Catschai-auls (10,045'), to the Sandflrti, and then either descend 
to the left to the Upper Sandalp (p. 95) or to the right by the Sandalp 
Pass to Disentis fp. 465; guide 30 fr.). — The Todi (11,887'; p. 95) may be 
ascended from the Htifi Hut via the Planura Pass and Sandgrat in about 
7 hrs. (toilsome; guide 55-60 fr.). 

Another grand but difficult pass to Urnerboden or Unterschachen 
(10 hrs. from the Alpenclub Hotel; guide 25 fr.) is the Kammli-Liicke 
(9344'), between the Scheerhorn and the Ka?)imlistock (see above). From the 

BRUNNI PASS. Map, p.94.~ IT. 7?. 5.^. 1 5 7 

(3Va ^n's.) Htifi Hut to the pass, 2V2 lirs. Steep descent over precipitous 
ice-slopes to the lower Gries Glacier and over the Gefnsplanggeii to the 
(2 hrs.) Kammli Alp (6726') and the (1/2 ln'O Klausen Pass (p. 97). 

To Unterschachen over the Ruchkehlen Pass (8790'), 8-9 hrs., la- 
borious (guide 20 fr.). From the Hot. Alpenclub via the SchwCirzipfad to 
the (2V2 hrs.) Alpgnofer Aelpli (7673') and thence across the steep Aelpli 
Glacier to the (2 hrs.) pass, between the Sattelhorner and the Grosse Ruclien. 
We descend steeply through the ice-clad Ruchkehle to the (2 hrs.) Brunni Alp 
(4622') and (IV4 hr.) UnterscMchen (p. 98). — The Scheerhorn-Griggeli 
Pass (9180'), 9-10 hrs., is toilsome also (guide 25 fr.). The pass, between 
the Kleine Scheerhorn and the Kleine Ruchen, is reached from the Hot. 
Alpenclub by the Alpgnofer Aelpli (see above) and the Boclctschingelfirn 
in 6 hrs. Descent via the Riichenhdndli and the Upper Lammerhach-Alp 
(6500') to (4 hrs.) UnterscMchen. 

To DiSENTis over the Brunni Pass (8975') , 8 hrs. , interesting but 
fatiguing (guide 20 fr.). From the Alpenclub Hotel we ascend the Bt^unni- 
Tal past the chalets of the (2 hrs.) Hivterbalm (night-quarters) and the 
Waltersflrren Alp (6330') to the (3 hrs.) Brmini Alp (6810'; plain accom- 
modation); thence to the (IV2 br.) Urner Buhl (7872'), on the E. edge of the 
Rimnni Glacier, which we cross to the (3 hrs.) pass, between the Plz Cavar- 
diras (9736') on the left and the Plz d^Acletta (9570') on the right (each of 
which may be ascended from the pass in 1 hr. ; guide 10 fr. extra). We 
descend tlirough the Val Acletta, past the small Lac Serein, to Aclefta and 
(2V2 brs.) Disentis (p. 465). 

From Amsteg over the Krijzi.i Pass to Sedrun, 71/2-8 hrs., fatiguing 
(guide 20 fr.). To (50 min.) Bristen, see p. 155; 10 min. farther on the 
path diverges to the right, and ascends the wild and lonely Etzli-Tal, past 
the beautiful falls of the Etzli-Bach, to the huts of Herren-Limwi, Kriltz- 
stein-Rilti, Porthilslen, and (1^/4 hr.) Etzliboden {'iSlZ'). It then mounts 
steeply to the chalets of Rossboden and (IV2 hr.) Culma (6167'), and turns 
to the left to the (IV2 br.) Kriizli Pass (7710'), between the Weitenalp- 
stock and the Krtlzlistock , whence we descend the desolate Stri7ntal to 
(2 hrs.) Sedrun (p. 466). — The Krilzlistock (8920'), with a most attractive 
view, may be ascended from the Kriizli Pass in 1 hr. The Oberalpstock 
(10,925'), from the Kriizli Pass in 3V2-4 hrs. (laborious), see p. 156. — To the 
W., IV4 hr. above Culma, on the Alp 3Tullersmatt, lies the finely-situated 
Etzlital-Hiitte of the S.A.C. (6690'), whence the Sonnig-Wichel (9548'; guide 
30 fr.) and the Piz Giuf or Schattig- Wichel (10,165'; magnificent view) may 
1)6 ascended by adepts in 4-4V2 brs. each (guide 25, with descent to Sedrun 
30 fr.). About 1 hr. above the club-hut is the Spiellaui Alp (7817'), with a 
small lake, whence we may proceed (guide 16 fr.) via the Portli-TAlcke 
(8246') to the (13/4 hr.) Vorderwaldi Alp in the Felli-Tal (p. 144). 

36. From Goschenen to the Rhone Glacier. 

The Furka. 

23 M. DiLiOEKCK in summer twice daily in 6V2 hrs. (9 fr. 25, coupe 
11 fr. 10 c); from Goschenen to Brigue daily in 12V2 (Brigue to Goschenen 
14) hrs. ; with V4 br.'s halt at Tiefenbach and ^/^ hr.'s midday halt (night halt 
for the afternoon diligence) at Gletsch (19 fr. 60, coupe 23 fr. 86 c.); from 
GoHchcnon over the Furka and Grimsel to Meiringen in 13 lirs. (19 fr. 60, 
::oup(j 23 fr. 86 c.). Returning carriages may sometimes be obtained for less 
Ihan the diligence fares.— Walk kks from GOschenen: to Andermatt IV4) 



1 T) 8 JT. R. 36. — Map, p. 1 50. KE ALP. From, Goschmen to 

The *Furka Road, constructed chiefly for military purposes, a con- 
venient route to or from the Grimsel and the Bernese Oberland, commands 
striking views of the Rlione Glacier and the Bernese and Valaisian Alps 
and is also highly remunerative for pedestrians. Rich flora. 

To (5 M.) Hospenfhal (4870'), see pp. 150-152. At the upper 
end of the village the road diverges to the right from the St. G-ott- 
hard route, ascends a little, and skirts the Realper Reuss in the 
bleak Urseren-Tal (p. 151). On both sides rise steep grassy slopes, 
furrowed by numerous ravines, and overshadowed on the N. by the 
jagged pinnacles of the Spitzberge (10,050'). — (j^/^M. Zumclorf 
(4965'), a group of huts with a chapel. Farther on we cross the 
Reuss and the Lochhach, and soon reach (l^g ^0 — 

8V2 M. Realp (5060'; Hot. des Alpes, E. IV^-S, B. 17^, 
D. 21/2-3, pens. 6-8 fr. ; Post, R. 1 V2-2, B. 1 fr., plain ;" both open in 
summer only), a hamlet at the W. end of the TJrseren Valley. 

Over the Alpligen-Liicke to (6 hrs.) the Gdschener Alp, see p. 150; 
over the Orsino Pass to the St. Gotthard, see p. 153. — From Realp to 
Villa in the Val Bedretto (p. 389) by the Cavanna Pass (8565'), between 
the Piz Luce?idro and Hilhnerstock, 5-6 hrs., uninteresting. Guides, 
Johann and Ambrosius Renner of Realp. 

Beyond Realp the road begins to ascend in long windings. 
A short-cut to the left beyond the cemetery avoids these and then 
follows the telegraph-wires all the way to the Hot. Galenstock. 
(In descending from the Furka we quit the road a few hundred 
paces beyond the 50th kilometre stone, and descend by a few steps 
to the left.) Looking back, we soon obtain a fine view of the broad 
Urseren-Tal, with the zigzags of the Oberalp road in the back- 
ground (p. 459) ; on the left are the Wyttenwasser-Tal with its 
glacier, the Ywerberhorner, and the Piz Lucendro. Above the last 
winding of the road, on the Ehneten Alp, 3^2 ^- from Realp, is 
the small Hot.-Pens. GalenstocJc (6595'; R. IV2-2, D. 3 fr., well 
spoken of). About IV4 M. farther on is (I3V4 M.) Tiefenbach 
(6790'; Hot. -Pens. Tiefenglefscher, June-Oct., R. 2-21/2, B. 172 fr., 
L. 21/2, ^' 31/27 pens. 7-9 fr.), where the diligence halts. 

From the Alp Gspenderboden (8335'), IV4 hr. to the N. of Tiefenbach, 
a fine survey is obtained of the Tiefen Glacier, imbedded between the 
Winterstock, the Gralenstock, and the Grletschhorn. The Tiefen Glacier is 
interesting on account of its enormous crevasses (some of them upwards 
of 200' deep) ; in 1868 over I2V2 tons of beautiful crystals (p. 187) were 
found liere, on the S. side of the Gletschhorn (10,850'), which may be 
ascended by experts over the S.W. face or the S. arete in 6 hrs. (diflicult; 
guide 35, with descent to Goschener Alp 40 fr.). — Over the Tiefen-Sattel 
or the Trift-Limmi to the Rhone Glacier (Gri/nsel, Trift-Hiitte), see 
p. 172. — Over the WinterlilcJce (94.50') to the Goschener Alp (p. 150), 6 hrs., 
with guide (18 fr.); steep and diflicult descent to the Winter Glacier. 

The road crosses the Tiefentobel and ascends, running high up 
on the N. slope of the Garschen-Tal. On the right lies the Siedeln 
Glacier, the discharge of which forms a fine fall ; above it rise the 
pinnacles of the Bielemtock (9670'). The (31/4 M.) — 

161/2 M. Furka (7990') is a saddle between the Blauberg on 
the left and the Furkahorn on the right, descending abruptly on 

the Rhone Glacier. FTJRKA. ^f^P^ P- i ^0- — II - ^. ^6. 159 

both sides. We first reach, on the right, the barracks for the gar- 
rison of the fortifications and the "^Hotel-Restaurant Furkahlick 
(80 beds at 21/2-6, B. l^ L. 31/2, D. 4, pens. 9-12 fr.). About 8 min. 
farther on, to the left, is the * Hotel- Pension Fivrka {7 Oheds at 3-6, 
B. IV4, L- 4, D. 5, pens. 9-12 fr.; both open in summer only). 
Magnificent view of the Bernese Alps with the imposing Finster- 
aarhorn ; to the left of it, the Oberaarhorn, Walliser Fiescherhorner, 
Siedelhorn, and Wannehorn, and, to the right, the Agassizhorn and 
Schreekhorner. To the left of the Hot. Furka diverges the mili- 
tary Ldngisgrat Road (in bad repair) , descending (guide advis- 
able) by the Langis Alp to Oberwald (p. 389). 

Excursions. The Schonblick, 10 min. to the W., and the Signal, 
10 min. to the N.W. of the hotel, command fine views of the Rhone 
Grlacier, the Upper Valais, and the Valaisian Alps. — Furkahorn (9935'; 
21/2 hrs. ; guide, 7 fr.), fatiguing but repaying. A bridle-path, beginning- 
near the Hotel Furkablick, ascends to the (IVa hr.) Kleine Fiirlcahorn 
(9240') ; farther on (no path) we cross steep slopes of debris and snow to 
the (1 hr.) Furkahorn, the southernmost summit of the Galejigrat, which 
begins at the Galenstock. Admirable panorama of the Alps of Bern and the 
Valais, the St. Gotthard group, etc. — The Blauberg (9110'), to the S. of 
the Furka road (iVa hr. ; guide 7 fr., not indispensable), and the Miitten- 
horn (10,180'; 3 hrs. ; guide 10 fr.) are both attractive and not difficult. 

*Gralenstock (ll ,805'; 5 hrs. ; guide 20, with descent to the Grimsel 25 f r.), 
not difficult for adepts, if the snow is favourable (axe and rope). From 
the Furka we ascend to the (3/4 hr.) Rhone Glacier (see below), skirt its 
left margin, climb a steep snowy slope to the right, a rocky arete, and 
lastly very steep neve (beware of falling stones) to the Galen-Sattel, be- 
tween the G-alenstock and Galengrat, and over the S. arete (caution re- 
quired for the overhanging snow) to the summit. View exceedingly grand. 
A shorter but more difficult ascent leads from the Furka across the Siedelii 
Glacier and the S.E. arete. Descent via the NdgeWs Grdtli to the Grimsel 
(5 hrs.), see below. — Tiefenstock (11,525'), Rhonestock (11,825'), Damma- 
stock (11,920'), and Schneestock (11,837'), from the Furka in about 6 hrs. each 
(guide 30, with descent to Innertkirchen or to the Goschener Alp 40-50 fr.), 
difficult; the last three preferable from the Trift-HUtte, see p. 172. 

From the Furka over the Lecki Pass to the St. Gotthard (10-11 hrs. ; 
guide 30 fr.), see p. 154; over the Trift-Limmi to the Trift Hut (6 hrs.; 
guide to Innertkirchen 30 fr.), see p. 172. 

To THE Grimset. (p. 234), 3Va-4: hrs. (guide advisable, 10-12 fr. ; alpen- 
stock and nailed boots requisite). We descend from the Furka by a good 
path, diverging to the right at the Galeii-Hutten, IV4 M. from the hotel, to 
the (^/4 hr.) upper part of the Rhone Glacier, which is crossed above the 
lower ice-fall in Va hr. We then ascend to the {^1^ hr.) small Grdtli-See, en 
the *Nageli's Gratli (8747'), affording a splendid view of the Bernese 
and Valaisian Alps, and descend by a steep path along the face of the 
rocks to the (iVa hr.) Hospice (p. 234). 

The road follows the slope to the right, passing the fortifications 
of the Furka, to the (V/^ M.) Galen- Hutten (7900') and descends 
to the left in long zigzags (short-cuts for pedestrians), high above 
the huge *Rhone Glacier (p. 388), affording admirable views of 
its fantastic ice-masses. At the second bend of th<' road is thr 
(18 M.) * Hotel Belvtdfire (7545': June Ist-Sopt. :m\\; 90 beds, 
R. 8-6, B. 13/4, L. 8V4, I), f), pens. 10-20 fr.), finely situated (best 
survey from the Kilnzli, 10 min. from the hotel). A path b-ads 
hence in 5 min. to an artificial glacier grotto (adm. 5() c). A lillle 

160 TionteHI, STANS. 

below the Hot. Belvedere, to the right, is a short-cut leading direct 
to the Rhone Glacier Hotel. The road crosse*s the Mutibach and 
is joined on the left by the steep old bridle-path from the Furka 
(1^4 hr.). It then gradually descends the slope of the Ldngisgraty 
and again describes several long bends, which the old bridle-path, 
to the right, cuts off. Crossing the Rhone, we reach the (5 M.) — 

23 M. Rhone Glacier Hotel, in the 'Gletsch' (5750'; p. 388). 

From the Rhone Glacier to Brig2<e, see R. 83; over the Grimsel to 
Meiringen, see R. 52. 

37. Prom Lucerne to Engelberg. 

Steamboat from Lucerne to Stansstad 12 times daily in 35-55 min. ; 
fare 1 fr. 40 or 70 c. (see p. 130). — Electric Railway from Stansstad to 
(14 M.) Engelberg in 1 hr. 40 min. (fares 6 fr. 25, 3 fr. 45 c. ; there and back 
9 fr. 5 c, 5 fr. ; half fare on Sun.). Family tickets (200 coupons 2nd class 
16 fr., 3rd cl. 10 fr.), advantageous (to be ordered 4 hrs. before starting). 
At Stans there are two stations, the first opposite the station of the 
Stanserhorn cable-railway, the second farther on in the village. — Trav- 
ellers on their way to or from the St. Grotthard via the Lake of Lucerne 
change steamers at Yitznau, Weggis, or Kehrsiten and proceed direct to 
Stansstad (four times daily in 50 min. ; fares 2 and 1 fr.) or Fliielen. 

To Stansstad (1445'), see p. 131. The electric railway runs 
between the Bilrgenstock (p. 130) on the left and the Stanser Horn 
(see below) on the right, to — 

2 M. Stans. — Hotels. Stanserhof, R. 2-2Va, B. 1.20, D. 2Va, pens. 
5-G fr.; Engel, R. 2-21/2, B- 1, D- 2V2-3Va, pens. 5-6V2fr-; Krone, 
R. IV2-2, B. 1, D. 1^2-2? pens. 5 fr. ; these three very fair; Winkelried, 
R. 2-3, B. 1, D. 2V2-3, pens. 5-6 f r. ; Adler, R. IV2, B. 1, pens. 4-5 fr., 
well spoken of; Rossli. 

Stans (1500'; pop. 2800), the capital oiNidwalden, theE. half 
of Canton Unterwalden, lies amidst a vast orchard, on which, how- 
ever, from 11th Nov. to 2nd Feb. the sun shines daily for one hour 
only in the morning, between the Brisen (7900') and the Stanser 
Horn (see below). Adjoining the handsome Parish Church is the 
Monument of Arnold von Winkelried (p. 26), a group in marble by 
Schldth (1865). A tablet by the Burial Chapel in the churchyard, 
oft the N. side of the church, commemorates the massacre perpe- 
trated here in 1798 by the French, who were exasperated by the 
obstinate resistance they met with. The Historical Museum, in the 
Bahnhof-Platz, contains a collection of sketches and paintings by 
Wyrsch, Deschwanden, and others, mediaeval utensils, weapons, 
costumes, and coins ; also a library, and an interesting relief of Stans 
on the scale of 1 : 500 (adm. 50 c). Fine view from the Knieri, 
above the Capuchin Monastery. 

The **Stans0r Horn ((i2360 is a splendid point of view, scarcely in- 
ferior to Rigi and Pilatus. Cable-railway (in summer only) in 57 min. ; 
return-ticket 10 fr., on Sun. 6 fr., or, including railway from Stansstad, 
and R., S., and B. at the hotel, 18 fr. The line (4000 yards in length; 
maximum gradient 60:100) is divided into three sections, and carriages 

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W0LFENSCHIES8P]N. TI. RouieS7. 161 

are changed twice. Each section has its own power-house ; the electric 
motors are supplied from the central station at Buochs. In the middle of 
each section is a crossing, where the ascending and descending cars pass 
each other; there is no toothed rail, but safety is guaranteed by powerful 
automatic brakes. — The line ascends gradually (12:100) through mead- 
ows, and farther on more rapidly (27:100) to the (13 min.) station of 
Kdlti (234.S'), where carriages are changed. The second section has a gra- 
dient at first of 40:100, afterwards of 60:100. The line ascends a wooded 
ravine, crosses a torrent, and intersects a deep cutting to the (13 min.) 
second station of Blumatt (4006'), whence it proceeds (third section) with 
the same gradient through a tunnel (150 yds.) to the terminal station 
(6065'), at the "^ Hotel Stanserhorn (May-Oct. ; 100 beds, R. 4-6, B. li/a, L. 31/2, 
J). 4, pens. 10-14 fr.). A good path leads hence to the top (60' higher), 
which commands a highly picturesque *Yiew of the Bernese Alps (with the 
Titlis rising to the left), the Lake of Lucerne, and the hills of N.W. Switzer- 
land, with the lakes of Zug, Baldegg, Hallwil, and Sempach. On the S. 
side of the summit is an experimental plantation of the Federal Institute 
of Forestry. — The ascent of the Stanser Horn on foot takes 3V2-4 hrs. from 
Stans (red way-marks), but is preferable from Dallenwil, on the S. side. 

The railway ascends the left bank of the Engelbergei^ Aa. 3^2 ^' 
Oberdorf; 41/4 M. Bilre^i, Beyond (43/4 M.) Dallenwil (1605': 

Schliissel) we cross to the right bank of the A a. 

At the railway-crossing, about 8 min. to the S. of the station, a bridle- 
path diverges to the left from the highroad and ascends generally through 
wood, steep in some places, to (IV2 hr.) the village of Nieder-Rickeil- 
bach (3828'; *Kurhaiis Engel, 50 beds, pens. 6-9 f r. ; Pens. Pilgerhaus, 
plain), a healtli-resort, finely situated on the S. slope of the Musenalp 
and the Buochser Horn. Ascents: *Buochser Horn (5940'), lV2hr., repaying 
(comp. p. 118); Musenalp (5870'; chalet, with rfmts.), via the Ahorn Alp, 
IV2-2 hrs., attractive; *Steinalp-Brisen (7900'), 3 hrs., via the Ahorn Alp 
and the iSteinaljj, interesting (guide 10 fr., not indispensable for adepts); 
Schjcabnis (7380'; 3-3V2 hrs. ; guide unnecessary), via the Ahorn Alp, the 
Bcirfcdle (with a cross), and the BUM Alp, and thence up the N.W. arete. 
The descent from the last may be made to (3 hrs.) Isental via the Jochti 
''see below). — Interesting passes (4V2-5 hrs., with guide, Al. Christen of 
Wolfenschiessen) lead from Nieder-Rickenbach by the Jochli (7087'), between 
the Brisen and the Rissetestock, or by the Hinter-Jochli (6915'), between 
the Schwalmis and the Rissetestock, descending by the Bolgcn Alj? and 
the Laueli to St. Jakob in the Isental (p. 123). 

672^- Wolfenschiessen (1700'; *Kurliaus Eintracht, in 
summer, 140 beds, pens. 5-572 fi'- ; Hot.-Pens. Wallenstock, May- 
Oct., R. 2-272, D. 272, pens. 4-6 fr. ; ^Einkorn, 60 beds, pens. 4- 
572 f !'• ; SchvjeizerhauSj pons, from 4 fr. ; Schliissel; Kreuz). 

From Wolfenschiessen a pleasant path leads to the S. to the (20 min.) 
Wolfsschlucht, with its cascades, and thence ascends in Va hr. to the road 
to (V4 hr.) Ober-Rickenbach (2965'; *Jf6t.-Pens. Brisen, 40 beds, pens. 
5-6V2 f r. : /V;/s'. f)})<r-Rick(ti})ach, 4-5 fr.), a summer-resort, with the im- 
posing falls of the liannalphach. From 0})er-Rickenbach via, the ScJwnegg 
Pans (629r/j to (4V'i hrs., with guide) Isental, see p. 123. The Kaiscrstock 
(788.5'), with a tine view and a rich flora, is ascended from Oltor-Rioken- 
bach via the Bannalp in 4Va hrs. (guide). Hteinalp- Brisen (see above), 
\'\k the llaldigrat in 31/3 hrs., with guide, not difficult. Rnchstock {^22W), 
vic\ the Ba7i7ial]) in 5'/2-*> hrs. (guide 15 fr.), fatiguing but interesting. 

774 M. Dorfli (1720'; Ochsj. On the rijrht the Fallenharh de- 
scends in three leaps; on the left are the serratf^d Walleiisfdcke. 
Beyond (^^j^ M.) Grafenort (1885'; inn) the line ascends gradually 
through beautiful wood, but beyond the power-station at 0})ermatt 

Hakdekrr, Switzerland. 21th Kdition. 11. 

162 //• R' 37. - Map, p. 160. ENGELBERG. 

comes a section nearly 1 M. long, worked on the rack-and-pinion 
system and attaining a gradient of 25 : 100. — 12 M. Grunenwald 
(2910'; Pens. Griinenwald, 5-6 fr.). After another slight ascent we 
turn to the left, and suddenly obtain a view of the E7igelherger-Tal, 
an Alpine valley, 5 M. long and 1 M. broad, bounded by lofty, snow- 
clad mountains. The Titlis with its ice-mantle stands forth majes- 
tically, and to the left rise the rocky pinnacles of the Great and 
Little Spannort (p. 165) ; in the foreground is the Hahnen (p. 164). 

14 M. Engelberg. — Hotels. *Grand-H6tel & Kuranstalt, 
with hydropathic, 350 beds, R. 4-12, B. 13/4, L, 4, D. 5, pens. 11-20 fr. 
(the G-rand-Hotel open also Dec-March, R. 5-10, pens. 12-20 fr.); *Park- 
HoTEL SoNNENBERG (3380'), hncly situated Va M. to the W. of the station, 
with shady grounds. May 15th-0ct. 1st, 220 beds, R. 4-8, B. IV2, L- S'/g, 
D. 5, pens. 9-16 fr.; *Terrace Palace Hotel in an elevated position (3510'; 
cable-tramway in 2 min., 15 c.), open in winter also, 180 beds, R. 4-13, 
B. 13/4, L. 4, D. 5, pens. 11-20 fr. ; *Gr.-H6t. Titlis, with garden and 
covered promenade. May 1st- Oct. 1st and Dec-March, 240 beds, R. 4-8, 
B. IV2J D. 41/25 S. SVa, pens. 10-18 fr. ; *H6tel-Pension Schweizerhof, 
85 beds at 2Va-6, B. IV2, D- 4, S. 3, pens. 8-12 fr. ; *Hot. Bellevue- 
Terminus, at the station, open in winter also, 120 beds at 3-7, B. IV2? 
D. 4, S. 3, pens. 8-14 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Edelweiss, with garden, open in 
winter also, 90 beds at 3-7, B. IV25 D- 4, S. 3, pens. 8-14 fr. ; Pension 
Trautheim, in summer only, R. 2-21/2, B. 1, D. 2, pens. 5-5V2 f^- 1 *H6t.- 
Pens. Hess, 165 beds at 2-6, B. IV2, D- 3Va, pens. 7-12 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. 
des Alpes, R. 2-3, D. 3, pens. 6Va-10 fr. ; Hot. Central, open in winter 
also, 80 beds at 2-3, D. 31/2, S. 2V2? pens. 6-8 fr., very fair; Pens. Villa 
ScHONTAL, May Ist-Oct. 1st, 60 beds, R. 2-31/2? D- 2V2? pens. 6V2-8V2 fi'- 1 
these all near the station. — In the village: *H6t. -Pens. Victoria, in 
winter also, 100 beds, R. 2-5, B. IV4, D. 31/2, S. 2V2, pens. 7-10 fr. ; *Hotel 
National, June 1st -Sept. 15th, 150 beds, R. 3-6, B. 11/2, D- 4, S. 3, pens. 
71/2-12 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Engel, May-Oct., 100 beds at 21/2-4, B. I1/4, D. 
31/a, S. 21/2, pens. 7-10 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Mijller-Hoheneck , June 1st- 
Sept. 30th, 74 beds at 2-4, B. I1/4, D. 31/2, S. 21/2, pens. 61/2-IO fr. ; *H6t.- 
Pens. Engelberg, 60 beds at 2-31/2, B. I1/4, D. 3, pens. 6-8 fr. ; Hotel 
GrARNi Villa Alpenblick, 60 beds at 3-5, B. 1 fr. 20 c Rooms at several 
other houses; usual charges, R. 2, B. 1 fr. — Beer at the Restaurant Biej-li- 
Alp^ near the Post Office. — English Church; the chaplain resides at the 
Hotel Titlis. 

GruiDES: Jos., Alois, Karl, and Eugen Kuster; Placidus, Jakob, Karl, 
Gustav, Arnold, and Herm. Hess ; Fritz, Jos., Karl, and Joh. Feierabend; 
Karl and Anselm Amrhein; Maurus Hurschler; Franz, Joh., and Jos. 
Waser; Karl Felder; Joh. Miiller; Alois Dillier. 

Engelberg (3342'; pop. 1970), prettily situated, and sheltered 
from the N., is a favourite summer and winter resort (mean annual 
temperature, 41.5° Fahr.). At the upper end of the village rises 
the large Benedictine Abbey, founded in 1120, named Mons Ange- 
lorum by Pope Calixtus II., and rebuilt after a fire in 1729. The 
church contains paintings by Wyrsch, Deschwanden and Kaiser. 
The interior of the abbey, with its valuable library, is not accessible. 
The extensive rural economy is leased. The trade of cheese is very 
important. The school connected with the abbey, situated to the E. 
of it, has about 100 scholars. 

Opposite the abbey, ^2 ^- ^^ the S., on the left bank of the Aa- 
wasser, are shady grounds with numerous benches (Cafe Banklialp). 

ENGELBERG. Mcqj.p. 160. ~~ II. R. 37. 163 

The shady 'Professoren-Weg' leads along the Aawasser to (^2 hr.) 
the Eienwdldlij a popular coffee-garden (also pension). 

Excursions. *Scli"wand, an easy and charming walk of IV4 hr. The 
path ascends from the Hot. MUller along a brook and past the Terrace Palace 
Hotel through the Griiss, where it is joined by a path from the Hot. Sonnen- 
berg (charming retrospects of the Engelberg Valley). Beyond the Gschneit 
Alp (3826') we proceed through wood and round the ridge to the hamlet 
of Unter-Schicand and over pastures to Oher-Schicand (3970'; inn). The 
view is limited; to the W. is the Melchtal chain from the Hanghorn 
to the Grohrlifluh. A little farther on, at the chapel on the way to the 
Wand Alp (p. 164), the Titlis and other peaks also come into sight. — The 
*Bergli (4300'; restaurant), commanding a splendid view of the valley and 
the Titlis, is reached either by a direct path (with steps) via Fellenruti 
(1 hr.), or by an easier path (IV4 hr.) diverging to the right in the Grrttss 
(see above) from the route to Schwand. A similar view is obtained from 
the *Fluliniatt (4285'; restaurant), ascended by a path leading to the left 
above the Hot. Engel, mostly through wood (1 hr.). All three points may 
be combined in a round of 2-2V2 hrs. From the Fltihmatt we go on past 
the house to two houses, where we turn to the left and follow the level 
meadow-path along the hill. After a time this descends to the (20 min.) 
Bergli, whence we descend through the Vorhag Wood to Unter-Schicand^ 
or take the upper path to (20 min.) Ober-Schiuand (see above) and return 
thence to (1 hr.) Engelberg. — The *Bord (4525'; Alpenrose Inn, R. 2-2V2, 
pens. 5-6 fr.), 3/^-1 hr., at the foot of the Rigidalstocke, also commands 
a grand view of the Titlis and the mountain range from the Spannorter 
to the Hutstock. The path diverges to the right from the FlUhmatt path 
about 1/4 hr. above the abbey and ascends partly through wood. From 
Bord a path indicated by red marks leads to (25 min.) the Fltihmatt (see 
above). — Horbistal, V2 hr., a pleasant and easy walk. Diverging to the 
right from the FlUhmatt path above the school, we skirt the slope of the 
Obhag Alp and ascend the Horbistal, iinally crossing the Bdj'enbach, to 
Hinter-Horbis , where the path ends at the foot of perpendicular cliffs 
{Ende der Welt; restaurant). We may return via Vorder-Horbis to the 
(25 min.) Neiie Heimat Inn (see below). 

*Tatsch.bach Fall and Herrenriiti, a favourite excursion (omn. to 
Herrenrtlti several times daily, 1 fr., to the fall 60 c., return, the same; 
one-horse can. to the fall and back, with stay of Va hr., 5-B fr., with two 
horses 9 fr. ; carr. to Herrenrtlti -and back with stay of 2 hrs. 8 fr., for 
half-a-day 10 fr., with two horses 14 and 18 fr.). We either follow the 
road past the Eiemcdldli (see above), or we take the path, to the left of 
the abbey, which passes (12 min.) the Neue Heimat Inn, at the mouth of 
the IIorbis-Tal (see above), and the (5 min.) ISchiceizei-haus Inn. In 40 min. 
more the road reaches the Tdtschbach Fall (3576'; inn), which descends from 
the Hahnen. It then goes on through wood and across the Fiirrenbach 
to the (Va hr.) alp of Herrenriiti {SSiii'), which belongs to the abbey. 
Carriages are left here, and their inmates proceed by the Surenen Pass 
route (p. 165) to (Va hr.) the Wieder-Surenen Alp (4133'; Alpenrdsli), 
whi<;h affords a tine view of the pyramidal Sclilossberg, the serrated 
Spannorter, the Firnalpeli and Grassen glaciers, and the huge E. precipices 
ot the Titlis. The *Stierenbach Fall (p. 166) is IV4 hr. farther on. 

♦Amitobel and Ami Alp. We follow the valley-road to the W. via 
Kspen to fl M.j tlie bridge over the Aawasser at Oeriige)i, beyond wliit li 
we ascend to the right. After 5 luiii. we turn to the left (to the right 
the way to the Schwendli Alp, sec below), cross the Eggli-Tobcl and the 
Triibsee- Hack, and enter the Arnitobel, a wooded ravine with waterfalls. 
Thence a good path ascends to the left to (1 hr. ; IV2 hr from Engelberg) 
the Arni Alp (4210'; inn, pens. 4>/a-6 fr.), on a pleasant green pasture. The 
view is limited, but better from a point a few min. to the N. of the inn, 
an<l from the Stalden (4.'{65'), farther to the N., beyond the Arnibach. - 
A splendid view of the Titlis is enjoyed from thr Schwendli Alp (.'IJJC.S'; 


1 (u iJ' /?• - . - ^J"p. p- f'!<>' engej.beikt. Tm?,9. 

rfmts.), reached in 1 hr. by the path diverging from the Arnitobel route as 
indicated on p. 163. 

Longer Excursioks. From the Biinkli Alp (p. 165) a bridle-path leads 
through beech-wood to the (40 miu.) Gerschni Alp (4125'; inn), whence 
we may return to the W. by Hegmatt and Schliessli in 1 hr. From the 
G-erschni Alp the path ascends, finallv in zigzags up the steep Pfaffen- 
wand, to the (IV4 hr.) Triibsee Hotel (Hess, 5870'; 40 beds at 2-3V.J, 
B. 11/2, D. 31/2 fi*-? very fair), with view of the Titlis (ascent, see below) 
and the Engelberg valley; finer from the Burghubel, 10 min. N.W., and 
from the Bitzistock (6225'), V2 hr. NW., past the house on the Triibsee. 
We may return to (2Va hrs.) Engelberg by the Upper and Lower Triib- 
see Alp (spring). — "''Furren Alp, 3 hrs., very attractive (guide, not 
indispensable, 8 fr.). We diverge to the left from the Herrenrtlti road 
just before a (40 min.) railing and ascend to the S., on the left bank of 
the KiihlauibacJi, through wood (rather steep) to the (50 min.) Tagenstall 
Alp (4710'), cross the stream, and beyond two slate-quarries (fossils) reach 
(IV4 hr.) the Fiirren Alp (rfmts.). From the Hundsschopf {6912'), 5 min. to 
the S., a grand view is obtained of the imposing amphitheatre of moun- 
tains from the Schlossberg to the Titlis. A pleasant return-route (red 
marks) descends to the E. past the (V2 hr.) Ebnet Alp (5557'), to the (1 hr.) 
Stierenbach Fall (p. 165), whence we return via Nieder-Surenen Alp (p. 163) 
to (1 h.) Herrenriiti. —^Wand Alp (4885'), via Schwand (p. 163) in 3 hrs., 
last part rather toilsome. A finer view is obtained from the Walleti Alp 
(5495'), 50 min. farther to the N. (guide 8 fr.), where the mountains of Cen- 
tral Switzerland are visible. — Via Bord (p. 163) to the (IV2 hr.) ObJiag 
Alp and the (IV2 hr.) Planken Alp (6530'), with its rich flora (thence to 
the Chib Hift on the Ruckhubel 50 min. ; guide 8 fr. ; see below). 

Ascents. The *Titlis (10,627'), a favourite ascent which in summer 
is made daily even by ladies, fatiguing but not difficult and highly re- 
munerative: from the Trttbsee Hotel (see above), where the night is spent, 
41/a hrs. (guide 15, with descent to Engstlen Alp 20 fr.). From the hotel 
the path ascends over the Laubersgrat to the (2 hrs.) Stand (8033'); it then 
mounts a steep incline in zigzags, over rock and detritus, to the (^/^ hr.) 
Rotegg (9030'), where the glacier is reached, and a rest is taken. We ascend 
the glacier, at first gradually, then more rapidly (step-cutting sometimes 
necessary), and, if the snow is in good condition, reach the (IV2-2 hrs.) 
summit, called the Nollen, without material difficulty. The view, highly 
picturesque and imposing, embraces the entire Alpine chain from Savoy 
to Tyrol, N. Switzerland, and S. Grermany (panorama by Imfeld). Descent 
to the Joch Pass and the Engstlen Alp, see p. 171. 

Hahnen or Engelberg (8565'; 43/4-5 hrs., guide 15 fr.), an interesting 
but fatiguing scramble for experienced climljers. The route leads from 
the Horbis-Tal (p. 163) via the Furggi Alp (502.S') and over the saddle 
between the Hahnen and Gemsispiel. — Rigidalstock (8518'; 4V2-5 hrs.; 
guide 10 fr.) , the last part toilsome; fine panorama. — *Widderfeld, 
(7723'), from the (IV2 hr.) Ami Alp (p. 163) in 31/2 hrs. (guide 8 fr.) ; 
preferable by the Zingel Alp and Hohlicht (5 hrs, ; guide 10 fr.) — *Hut- 
stock (8790'), from the Arni Alp via the Juchli (pp. 165, 167) in 4V2-5 hrs., 
not difficult (guide, 12 fr., not indispensable for experts; comp. p. 166). 
— The Hanghorn (8793') is reached from the Arni Alp in 4-5 hrs. (guide 
15 fr.) by traversing the Schattband, a rocky ledge on the face of the Hut- 
stock.— *Ilotsandnollen (8905'), via the Schattband in 6-7 hrs. (guide 
20 fr.), laborious but repaying. — *Engelberger Rotstock (9250'; 6V2- 
7 hrs.; guide 12 fr., not indispensable for experts), not difficult. We ascend 
by the Planken Alp to the (4 hrs.) Club Hut (7560') on the Ruckhubel, 
not far from the Griessen Glacier ; thence \ik the Engelberger Joch (9065') 
to the (2V2 hrs.) summit. 

*Uri-Rotstock (9620'; 8V2-9 hrs. ; guide 20, with descent through the 
Grrosstal to Isental 30 fr.), very interesting, and not difficult for adepts. 
From the (4 hrs.) Club Hut on the Ruckhubel (see above) to the (IV4 hr.) 
Engelberger Joch (see above); thence across snow to the (1 hr.) Schlosstor 



Stir enen Pass. ENGELBEEd. Map, p.ieo. — II. R.37. 165 

to the S. of the Schlossstock (9055'); then a rather steep descent to the 
Blu?nlisalpfl7'n; again an ascent to the arete separating it from the Klein- 
tal, and to the left to the (2Va hrs.) top (comp. p. 123). 

The *Great Spannort (10,505') is ascended from the Spannort Club 
Hut (6500'), 4 hrs. from Engelberg, via the Schlossberg-Liicke and the 
ISpannorter-Joch (see below) in 4-41/2 hrs. ; highly interesting, though toil- 
some (comp. p. 143; guide 25 fr.). The descent may be made via the 
Glattenfirn to the Kronte Hut (p. 143; guide to Erstfeld 40 fr.). — The 
Little Spannort (10,330') is climbed from the Spannort Hut via the 
Spannorter-Joch in 5V2 hrs. (guide 35 fr.); difficult, for expert climbers 
only. Adepts may ascend the Little and (ireat Spannort in one dav (guide 
45 fr.). — "Wichelplankstock (9765'), 7-8 hrs. (guide 45 fr.), from Herren- 
rtiti over the Firnalp Glacier and Stossenflrn, difficult but repaying. — 
Schlossberg (10,285'), from the Blacken Alp (see below) in 4Va hrs., 
laborious (guide 30 fr.). Admirable view, scarcely inferior to that from 
the Titlis. Edelweiss abundant. 

The Reissend-Isrollen (9880'), from the TrUbsee Hotel in 5-6 hrs., 
toilsome but interesting. The last part of the ascent leads through- the 
Sulzli Gorge and over the E. arete to the summit (guide 25 fr.). — 
"Wendenstock (9987'), difficult (p. 171), for experts only, from the Triib- 
see Hotel by the Joch Pass and the Joch Glacier in 4V2-5 hrs. (guide 
30 fr.), or by the Joch Pass and the Pfaffen Glacier in 5-6 hrs. (guide 35 fr.). 

Passes. From Engelberg over the Joch Pass to Meirlngen (9V2- 
10 hrs. ; guide, unnecessary, 15 fr., to Engstlen-Alp 8 fr.), see R. 39; over 
the Sforegg (4V2-5 hrs.; guide 12 fr.) or the Juchli (5-6 hrs.; guide 12 fr.) 
to the village of Melchtal, see p. 167; over the Rotgrdtli to Isental (to 
Flilelen 10 hrs. ; guide 22 fr.), see p. 123. 

To Altdorf or Erstfeld by the Surenen Pass (9 hrs.), bridle- 
path, rather fatiguing (guide, 20 fr., not indispensable in clear weather). 
Route to the (1=^4 hr.) Nieder-Sm'enert Alp {4133') , see p. 163. Farther 
on we ascend via the (V2 hr.) Stiiffeli Alp (4652'), with views of the Titlis, 
the Schlossberg, the Spannorter, etc., to the (50 min.) *Stierenhach Fall 
(5425'). We then cross and re-cross the brook, pass the (^/^ hr.) Blackefi 
Alp (58.33'), with its chapel, and reach the (IV2 hr.) Surenen Pass (7560'), 
on the S.E. side of the Blackenstock (9587'). View of the Schachen-Tal 
mountains, to the E., with the Windgalle in the foreground, and tlie 
Cllarnisch behind. We then descend over snow to the (IV2 hr.) Waldnacht 
Alp (4754') ; V4 hr. farther on, at a bridge, we either follow a steep path 
in a straight direction to Attinghausen and (1^/4 hr.) Altdorf, or cross the 
bridge to the right and traverse the Bockitobel, with the picturesque falls 
of the Waldnachtbach, to (2 hrs.) Erstfeld (p. 142). 

From Engelberg to Erstfeld by the Schlossberg-Liicke (8632') 
and the Glattenfirn (12 hrs.; guide 25 fr.), a fine route, but fatiguing. - 
To Wassen over the Spannorter- Joch. (9610'), between the Great and 
the Little Spannort, 15 hrs. (guide 30 fr.), toilsome. By spending a night in 
the (4 hrs.) Spaimort Hut (see above 3 Ins. below the pass), mountaineers 
may combine the ascent of the Great iSpannort with this pass.- To 
Wassen over the Grassen Pass {Bllrengrube, 8917'), 12 hrs., difficult 
(guide 30 fr.). — To the Stein Glacier Hotel (p. 173) over the Wenden- 
Joch (8540'), 10-11 hrs., fatiguing but interesting (guide 25 fr.). 

38. Prom Lucerne over the Briinig to 
Meiringen and Brienz (Interlaken). 

Uaii-wav from Lucerne to (28 M.) Meiringen in 3V:j (express in 3) hrs. 
(lare« H fr. 45, 4 fr. 70, 2 fr. 55 (%); to (36 M.) Brienz in 3V.j-4 hrs. (fares 
7 fr. 70, 5 fr. 55, 3 fr. 20 c). From Brienz to Intrrlakcn, steamboat in 
I-I7.J hr. (4 fr. 35, 2 fr, 20 c. ; throuuh-fanis from Luicrne to Inteilakcn 10 fr. 

166 II. R.S8, — M^p,p.l60, MELCHTAL From Lucerne 

70 c, 8 fr. 30, 4 fr. 00 c.)- — Steamboat (preferable) from Lucerne to 
Alpuaeh-Stad (l-lVa hr. ; p. 130) ; the direct trips are timed to connect 
with the Brtlnig Railway at Alpnach-Stad. From Alpnach-Stad to Vitznau 
direct steamer thrice daily in l^l-^-l^U hr. 

The *Brunig Railway, opened in 1889, is an ordinary narrow 
gauge line as far as Giswil (about halfway); it then crosses the pass (3295') 
by means of the 'rack-and-pinion' system and the ordinary system altern- 
ately. Maximum gradient, 18:100. Views to the right. — Motor Cars 
are admitted on the Briinig road on week-days from 7.30 a. m. to 5.30 
p. m. The maximum speed allowed on the mountainous sections and in 
the villages is G M., on level parts 18 M. per hour. For each vehicle at 
Hergiswil or Briinig 2 fr. must be paid. 

Lucerne^ see p. 108. The Brunig Railway runs to the S.AV. iu 
a wide curve into the broad valley of the Allmend, and, leaving 
Kriens (p. 114), at the foot of the Sonnenberg, to the right, passes 
(2^2 M-) HorWj beyond which it approaches the S.A¥. arm of the 
Lake of Lucerne (p. 130). 5^2 M- Hergiswil (p. 131), at the 
foot of Pilafus (p. 132). The railway pierces the Lopperberg 
(tunnel, '"^^ M.) aad skirts the Lake of Alpnach to — 

8 M. Alpnaeh-Stad (1440'), the starting-point of the Pilatus 
Railway ; see p. 132. 

Thence through the valley of the Aa and across the Kleine 
Schlieren to (9^2 M.) Alpnach-Dorf (1530'; ^ Krone; Sonne, 
plain; Schliissel; Pens. Kuchlerj 4^/2-572 ^i*-)- "^^^ church was 
erected with the proceeds of the sale of timber from the Pilatus 
forests, rendered accessible by a wooden slide in 1811-19. 

The train crosses the broad stony bed of the Grosse Schlieren 

and the Sarner Aa, the right bank of which it follows past Kdgis- 

wil (on the right), with its large parquetry -factory, to (12 M.) 

Kerns-Kdyiswil (1620'), the station for the Melchtal. 

The Melchtal, an idyllic valley, 15 M. long, watered by the Melch- 
Aa, repays a visit. From the station of Kagiswil a diligence plies thrice 
daily to Kerns in 25 min. (30 c), and from Sarnen via Kerns to Melchtal 
twice daily in 21/4 hrs. (2 fr. 40 c); carriage and pair 16 fr. — IV2 M. 
Kerns (1870'; Krone, pens. 41/2-51/2 fi'-j Sonne, pens. 4-5 fr. ; Hirsch; 
Rossli, pens. 41/2- 5V2 f ^- j Kinderheim Kerns, pens. 3-5 fr.), a village 
(pop. 2392) with a pretty church, finely situated at the foot of the Arni- 
yrat (6416'), is frequented as a health-resort. On a hill adjoining the 
Burgfluh, 15 min. above the village, is the '-^Hot. Burgfluh (2263'; 120 beds, 
pens. 8-12 fr.). At the entrance of the Melchtal, 2Va M. from Kerns, is 
>S'^. Nildaus (2752'; SchlUssel, pens 5 fr., well spoken of), with the first 
Christian church erected in this district. The ancient tower adjoining it 
is locally called the Heidenturm (heathens' tower). Opposite, beyond the 
ravine of the Melch-Aa, is Fliidi-Ranft (p. 168). A pleasant walk may 
1)6 taken to the (IV4 hr.) Rudsperi Alp (3870'). From St. Niklaus the road 
leads to the (7Va M.) village of Melchtal (see below). — The route from 
Kerns to Melchtal via Flijeli-Ranft (2 hrs.) is much more attractive 
than the somewhat monotonous highroad, especially for pedestrians. About 
2 M. from Kerns the new road leads over the bold Melch-Aa Bridge, which 
is 318' above the river and the loftiest bridge in Switzerland. About 
1/4 M. farther on is a guide-post on the left, indicating a good footpath, 
which avoids a long bend of the road and brings us in 10 min. more to 
Fltleli-Ranft (p. 168), where we are still 31/2 M. fromthe village of Melch- 
tal. Melchtal (2932'; *IIOt.-Kurhaus Melchtal, May 1st -Nov. 30th, 100 
beds, R. 2-3, B. IV4, D. 3, S. 2, pens. 5Va-8 fr.; *H6t. Alpenhof-Bellevue, 

to Meiringen. SARNEN. Map, p. 160. — IT. R.38. 167 

70 beds at IVa-^? B- lV4j D. 3, S. 2V2, pens. 5-8 fr.), a pleasant village with 
a convent of Benedictine nuns and a handsome church , is frequented as 
summer-quarters. — At the Ohr Alp (3975'), 3 the E. , is one of the 
largest maple-trees in Switzerland, with a .girth of 30'. The Widderfeld 
(7725') is easily ascended from Melchtal in 41/2 hrs. (guide). A better and 
also fairly easy ascent is that of the *IIutstock or Wildgeiss (8790'), vi^ 
the Upper Wend Alp (hay-beds) in 5 hrs. (guide 10 f r. ; Caspar and Otto 
Durrer) ; splendid view of the High Alps and the lakes of Central Switzer- 
land. Descent to Engelberg, see p. 164. — From Melchtal a safe mountain- 
path crosses the Storegg Pass (5710') to (4i/2-5 hrs.) Grafenort or (51/2-6 hrs.) 
Engelberg (p. 165; guide 12 fr.); another, more interesting but more 
fatiguing (guide 12 fr.), leads to Engelberg in 6 hrs. over the Juchli (7120'). 
The Nmialphorn {Juchlistock, 7830') may be ascended in 3/^ hr. from the 
Juchli (guide 6 fr.). — From the village of Melchtal a cart-road leads via 
the Balmmatt, at the foot of the precipitous Ramis/luh (6115'), past (1 hr.) 
the Waldhaus Inn, and then ascends in numerous windings (to the right 
towers the Brunigshaupt, 7590') to (8 M.) Melchsee-Frutt (6295'; *H6t.- 
Pens. Beinhard, 60 beds at 1V2-3, B. I1/4, D. 3, S. 2, pens. b^l2-7^li h. ; 
*Kurhaus Frutt, 90 beds at 2-31/2, B. I1/4, D. 3-31/2, S. 2-2i/a, pens. 6-8 fr., 
both open from June to Sept.), a much frequented health-resort on the 
Melchsee (6175'), in a verdant Alpine valley. Rowing-boats 30 c. per hour. 
Rich flora. Interesting excursions abound: to the Blausee (1/2 hr.); Tan- 
nenalp (see p. 171; 1 hr.); Boni (7125'), 1 hr. ; Spicherfluh (6690'), I1/4 hr. ; 
Hohmatt (8185'), 2-21/2 hrs.; *Erzegg (7140'), I1/4 hr. ; *Balmeregghorn 
(7414'), 11/2 hr. ; *Rothhorn (8267'), 21/2 hrs. (an interesting scramble ; ad- 
mirable view); Abgschiltz (6890'), li/a-2hrs.; "^ Hohenstollen (8150'), 21/4 hrs., 
with fine view (comp. p. 227; guide 5fr.); Glockhaus (8325'), 21/2 hrs., 
toilsome; Fikenloch (7970'), the saddle between the Grraustock and Schwarz- 
horn, 2 hrs. ; Rotsandnollen (8905'), 3 hrs., via the Tannen Alp (comp. p. 164). 
— To the E. an easy path crosses the Tannen Alp (6500') in 2 hrs. to the 
Engstlen-Alp (p. 170); to the W. an interesting pass (last part of ascent 
steep and stony) leads via the Weit Ries (ca. 7700'), to the S. of the Hohen- 
stollen, in 5 hrs. (guide 12 fr.) to Meiringen (p. 225). 

13 M. Sarnen. — Hotels. *H6t.-Pens. Seiler, R. 2-21/a, pens. 
5-6 fr. ; *Obvvai;dner Hof, R. 2-3, pens. 5-6 fr. ; Abler, R. I1/2-21/2, pens. 
41/2-6 fr. ; Sarner Hof, pens. 3^/4-41/2 fr. ; Metzgbrn, moderate; Pens. 
Landenberg ; Sanatorium Friedenfei.s, 2 M. from Sarnen above the W. 
l>ank of the lake (see below), pens. 7-9 fr. ; Pens. Wylerbad, on the 
W. bank of the lake, 2 M. from Sarnen, pens. 4i/a-6 fr. 

Sarnen (1555'; pop. 3950) is the capital of Ohwalden, the W. 
part of Canton Unterwalden. The Rathaus contains portraits of 
all the magistrates of Obwalden from 1381 to 1824, and one of 
St. Nikolaus von dcr Fliie (see below), and a relief-model of Unter- 
walden and Hasli. The large Churchy on a hill, with pictures by 
Deschwanden and Kaiser, the cantonal hospital, the poorhousc, the 
Nildaus von Fliie Pensionat (for students), and the arsenal on 
th<* Tjandenhery (1650'; fine view) are conspicuous. 

At the head of the Schlieren-Tal, 3V2 hrs. to the W. of Sarnen, is 
the solitary *Schwendi-Kaltbad. (4740'; liO beds, pens. 5-6 fr.), with 
a c.lialybeate s])ring and wliey-cure. Road up the W. slope of the Schwciidi- 
Ix'rg (omnibus from Sarnen station daily at 3.30 p.m., in 3 hrs.) past the 
Priedenftdn l^anatorin III (see above) to (1 \\\\) iStalden {'iiWA'; rfmts. at the 
funVs; good view), whence a bridle -])ath leads across the meadows of 
Schwe/iidi to the (2'/2 hrs.) Kalthad. 'rhence to the FeucratHii (6700'), 
2'/a hrs. ; to the Schiinberg liad, 2'/a bis., see p. 175. By the Scenyvcgg 
to Fliihli, in the Eiitlebiich (p. 176), 3'/2 bis., attractive. 

From Sarnen to the Melchtal (good footpath to FHu'li-Kanft 1 hr,, to 
St. NiklaiiH l>/4 hr.), see p. 168. 

168 II. B. 38. — Map, p. 160. GISWIL. From Lucerne 

The train crosses the Melch-Aa, which has been conducted 
into the Sarner See (1530'), a lake 4M. long and I-I74 M;. broad, 
well stocked with lish. — 15 M. Sachseln (1558'; pop. 1628; 
"^Kreuz, 90 beds at IV/2-2V2, I>. 2^/2, pens. 57.2-61/2 fr.; Engel, 
30 beds at 172~2» ^' '^ I21 pens, from 5 fr. ; Lowe, pens. 472-5 fr. ; 
R'ossli, pens. 4-472 fi'-, unpretending but good), a thriving village, 
1/4 M. from the E. bank of the lake, frequented as a health-resort. 

From Sachsehi a good road (carr. 6, with two horses 10 fr. ; short-cut 
lialfway, to the right, in 3/^ hr.) leads past the pleasantly situated *Pens. 
Felsenheim (5-7 fr.) to (3 M.) Flueli-Ranft (2450'; *H6tcl and Kurham 
Nilnalphorn, May Ist-Oct. 1st, 164 beds, pens 8V2-I2 f r. ; *H6t.-Pens. 
iStolzenfels, pens. 5-6 fr. ; Fiiieli Inn, pens. S-SVa frO> ^ frequented health- 
resort, finely situated on a spur of the Sachseler G-rat, with a picturesque 
chapel. It was the birthplace of St. Nikolaus von der Flije ('Brother 
Klaus'; 1417), whose dwelling still stands near the Fiiieli Inn. In his 
50th year he retired, after a life of active benevolence, to a hermitage on 
the slope of the Ranft, 5 min. below Fiiieli in the ravine of the Melch-Aa 
(p. 106), where he is said to have lived for twenty years on the sacramental 
elements, of which he partook monthly. After their victory over Charles 
the Bold of BurguLdy in 1482 the Confederates disagreed at the Diet of 
Stans about the di^^ision of the spoil, but through the intervention of the 
venerable hermit were reconciled. After his death (1487) he was canonised. 
The hermitage with its chapel attracts many pilgrims. 

From Fliieli-Ranft a pleasant and shady road, high above the Melch- 
Aa, leads to (3V2 M.) the village of Melchtal (p. 166). — Over the Melch- 
Aa Bridge to Kerns, see p. 166. 

The ascent of the "Wandelen (6910'), from Sachseln in SVa-^: hrs., 
via the Maus Alp and Mettental Alp, is easy and interesting (guide con- 
venient). Magnificent view, scarcely inferior to that from Pilatus. 

Ascending a little, and passing (on the left) the entrance of the 
Kleine Melchtal, the train halts at (I872 M.) Giswil (1665'; pop. 
1711; Hot. de la Gave, pens. 472-5 fr. ; Krone, pens. 5-8 fr., both 
very fair). 

ExcuKsioxs. A pretty walk leads to the (IV2 hr.) Salcraments Wald, 
passing the church , turning to the left at the Pfddli, and following the 
'stations'. From the venerable chapel, with its miraculous spring, we 
may return direct to the (IV4 hr.) railway-station of Kaiserstuhl. — The 
EHeine Melchtal deserves a visit if time permit. From the so-called 
custom-house, '-^j^ M. to the N.E. of Griswil, at the S.E. end of the Sarner 
See , a cart-road ascends to the E. to the entrance of the narrow and 
picturesque wooded ravine, through which it is carried for about 4 M. — 
The Giswiler Stock (6605'; beautiful view) is ascended from Giswil in 
4 hrs., with guide (10 fr.), via Kleinteil and Alpboglen. The descent 
may be made to i^orenbenj in the Entlebuch (p. 175). — The *Brienzer 
Rothorn (7715'; p. 227) is ascended from Giswil in 6 hrs. (guide 12 fr., 
not needed by experts); good road for the first 3 hrs., afterwards a steep 
footpath. — Pedestrians should follow the old *BKtJNiG Boad from Giswil 
over the (3 hrs.) Brlinig Pass (3295'; Kurhaus Brtlnig, see p. 169) to 
(13/4 lir.) Meiringen or (3 hrs.) Brienz (p. 227). 

At Giswil, where the first steep incline occurs, the 'rack-and- 
pinion' system begins. The line ascends rapidly (10:100), through 
wood, and reaches the station of (20 M.) Kaiserstuhl (2305'). The 
Schwarzhorn chain and the three peaks of the Wetterhorn are 
visible to the 8. The train runs high above the picturesque Lake 
of Lunger n (2160'; 1^/2 M. long), and threads a short tunnel. 

to Meiringen. BRDNIGt. Map, p, 160.~TI. R. 38. 169 

221/2 M. Lungern — Hotels. *Kurhaus & Park-Hotel Lukgern, 
May 15th-0ct. 1st, 140 beds, R. from 3, B. IV2, !>• 4, S. 3, pens. 7Va-12 fr. 
— Lo\\rE, pens, from 51/2 fr*? very fair; Hot. -Pens. Alpenhof, April 1st- 
Oct. 30tb, pens. 5-7 fr. ; Pens. Friedheim, 5-6V2 fi'-? well spoken of: Pens. 
ScHYNBERG, in summer only, 4V2-5 fr. ; Rossli. 

Lungern (2475'; pop. 1825), a health-resort with a handsome 
new church, lies ^j^ M. from the S. end of the lake. 

From Lungern to the "Wylerhorn (6580'), 3V2-4 hrs. (guide desirable), 
somewhat fatiguing, but repaying. Carriage-road to the W. to the (2 hrs.) 
Dundel Alp (4780'), whence a path ascends via the (1 hr.) B7'eitenfeld Alp 
(5795') to the (1 hr.) top, which commands an admirable view of the 
Wetterhorn , the Hasli-Tal , and a series of lakes. Still more extensive 
is the view from the Arnifirst (7248'), ascended from the Breitenfeld 
Alp (see above) in 2 hrs. , or , by adepts , from the Wylerhorn by the 
arete to the N.W. in 1 hr. (guide 12 fr., with descent to Brienz 15 fr.). 

The second steep gradient begins beyond Lungern, skirting the 
wooded hillside. The train then passes through the Kdppeli 
Tunnel (2970'; 150 yds.) and ascends the wooded Brunigmatt- 
Tal at a moderate gradient, which becomes steeper near (25 M.) 
Briinig (3295'; Rail. Restaurant, L. incl. wine 2^2? D. incl. 
wine 3 fr. ; "^'Hot. Kurliaus Brunig, well situated 3 min. from the 
station, May-Sept., 160 beds, R. 3-8, B. Vj^, L. 4, D. 5, pens. 
S^I^-IQ t'r. ; Engl. Ch. Serv. ; Hot. Brunigkulm^ pens. 6-7 fr.; Pens. 
Alpina, Avith restaurant and view-terrace, pens. 6-7 fr.). Opposite, 
to the 8., rise the Engelhorner and the Faulhorn chain; to the left 
we overlook the valley of Meiringen as far as the Kirchet; at the 
foot of the hills to the S. is the lower fall of the Eeichenbach ; 
opposite is the fall of the Oltschibach; below us flows the Aare, 
and to the right is part of the Lake of Brienz. 

Fine prospect from the Wyler Alp (4855'), IV2 hr. to the N.W. of 
the BrUnig. The Wylerhorn may be ascended hence in 2 hrs. (laborious; 
preferable from Lungern, see above). 

From the Brtinig station a good road (diligence to Reuti- twice daily 
in IV2 br.) leads to the village of Hohfluh (1 hr.) and thence via Goldern 
to (IV2 br.) Reuti (p. 226). — The old high-road (good views) leads from the 
BrUnig via Brienzwiler to (5Va M.) Brienz (p. 227). 

The railway is carried down the steep rocks (maximum gradient 
12:100) by means of retaining-walls and cuttings, and across the 
ravines of the Grossbach, Kehlhach, and Hausenbach (charniing 
view at the Brunneufluh), into the Aare-Tal, to Hansen, and — 

28 M. Meiringen (p. 225). 

39. From Meiringen to Engelberg. 
Engstlen Alp. Joch Pass. 

10 hrs.: Innertkirchen l'/4, Engstlen Alp 5, Joch Pass I'/a, Hot. IIcss ■■'/4, 
Engelberg I'/a br. In the reverse dir(;ctioii, 9 brs.: Hot. Hess 2V4, Joch 
Pass l»/4, Engstlen Alp 1, Innertkirch(!n 4, Meiringen l'/4 hr. — Horse 
from Innertkirchen to Engstlen Alp 15 (from Meiring(!n 20), to Kngcl- 
berg 30, for two days 45 f r. ; guide (unnecessary) !<> f r. ; porter from 
Innertkirchen to Engstlen Alp k, Uom Meiringen 9 fr. ; liorHo from 

170 11. Ii.S9.~Map,p.l60. ENGSTLEN ALP. From Meiringen 

Engstlen Alp to Engelberg 20 fr. — If the traveller can devote two days 
to this interesting journey (still more attractive in the reverse direction), 
he should sleep on the Engstlen Alp, where an afternoon may be pleas- 
antly spent. — Luggage addressed to the Hotel Engstlen Alp and left at 
the Bear Hotel at Meiringen is despatched daily at 8 a.m. and arrives in 
the evening (1 fr. per 6 kilogrammes or 11 lbs.). 

From Meiringen to (31/2 ^0 Inner tkirchen (Im Hof; 2070'), 

see p. 232. AVe foHow the Susten road (p. 172) to the (^/^ hr.) 

saw-miU at Muhletal (2735'), and, beyond the bridge over the 

Gental-Wasser (iinger-post), ascend to the left through wood to 

the (IY4 hr.) Wagenkehr Inn, and descend to the (5 niin.) Leim- 

hoden (3910'), where we rccross to the right bank. 

Another path to the Engstlen Alp (6-6V2 hrs.), affording line views of 
the Bernese Alps, the Trift district, the Titlis chain, and (lastly) of the 
deep Gental, leads from Meiringen (p. 225) past the (3/4 hr.) Hot. -Pens. 
Alpbach on the HasUherg (p. 22H) to (40 min.) Reuti (3430'; p. 226), 
whence it proceeds via the (IV2 hr.) Ami Alp (4746') and the (1^/4 hr.) 
Baitmgarten Alp (5580') to (IV2 ^^i'-) the Engstlen Alp. — The direct path 
called the '• Hundschupfi\ 1/2 hr. shorter, is not recommended. 

We now graduaUy ascend the monotonous Gental, with a 
retrospective view of the Wetterhorner and the Hangend-Gletscher- 
horu at the head of the Urbach-Tal (p. 232), pass (10 min.) the 
chalets Bei den Spichern and (10 min.) the Gental Chalets (3993'), 
and reach (1 hr.) the Schwarzental Inn (4596'). 

The scenery becomes more interesting. From the precipices of 
the Gadmer Fluhe (9750') on the right, which become grander, 
falls a series of cascades, eight of which are seen close together 
(Achtelsassbdche). The Engstle7ihach, as the brook is named above 
this point, also forms several falls. The path crosses the stream and 
ascends, often steeply, past the chalets of SchUtziboden (5120') and 
through fine wood, to the {Vj^ hr.) -Engstlen Alp (6020'; */m- 
mer^s Kurhaus Engstlenalpj with dependances, open from June 
to end of Sept., 70 beds at 3-5, B. l^/^, L. 31/2, D. 41/2, pens. 8-12 fr. ; 
telephone), a beautiful and sheltered pasture, with fine old pines 
and 'Alpine cedars', frequented as a summer and health resort. 
*View, to the S.W., of the majestic Wetterhorn; to its left, the 
Berglistock, Schreckhorner, Lauteraarhorn, and Finsteraarhorn ; 
to the right, the Gspaltenhorn, Tschingelhorn, and Blumlisalp; to 
the E., the Wendenstocke and Titlis. Near the hotel is the pictur- 
esque Engstlen Lake, rich in trout, with baths and rowing-boat. 

Excursions (guides at the hotel). Schafberg (7850'), 2 hrs., easy 
(guide needless). Starting to the E. from the hotel, we ascend the mead- 
ows of the Schaftal, keeping, farther up, well to the right, along a 
grassy ridge till near the top, which affords an interesting view of the 
Engelberg valley and its mountains, and a peep of Lake Lucerne to 
the left. 

*Satteli (H890'), 2V2 hrs., easy and repaying (guide, 5 fr., with de- 
scent to Gadmen 10 fr., advisable). At the W. end of the Engstlen 
Lake we cross the Engstlenbach to the (Va br.) Alp Scharmadldger 
(6390'), and ascend a narrow path to the S.W. (red way-marks), on the 
slope of the Gadmer Fltihc, keeping to the left beyond the (40 min.) 

to mgelherg, JOCH PASS. Map, p. i60. — II. R. 39. 171 

Bdregg Alp (path marked S) to the (IV4 hr.) Sdtteli , which lies at the 
S.W. base of the Tellistock (see below) and commands a splendid view 
of the Gadmen-Tal, Trift Glacier, and Bernese Alps (descent to Gadmen, 
IV2-2 hrs., see p. 172). — A still finer view is obtained from the *Achtel- 
sassgratli (6640'), to the S.W. of the Satteli, reached by keeping beyond 
the (IV4 hr.) the Biiregg Alp straight on (path marked B) to the (20 min.) 
Achtelsass Chalets (2616') and ascending thence rapidly to the left, farther 
on to the right (path indistinct) past a cairn to the (1 hr.) summit. 

To Melchsee-Frutt (2 hrs. ; guide, 4 fr., unnecessary; horse 10 fr.). 
From the hotel we go to the N.W. to the (10 min.) Jenti Waterfall and 
ascend in zigzags on the right side, soon obtaining a splendid view of the 
Bernese Alps. At the top we round the grassy Spicherfluh (6690'), pass 
a small lake, and reach the (1 hr.) Tannen Alp (6500'), with its numerous 
huts. We next traverse level pastures , pass three other small lakes 
and a shelter-hut (6415'), and reach (1 hr.) Melchsee-Frutt (6296'; see 
p. 167). — Or, at the last houses of the Tannen Alp (see alaove), the 
regular path may be quitted and the grassy ridges to the left followed 
to the (s/4 hr.) * Erzegg (7140'), affording grand views of the above- 
mentioned giants of the Bernese Oberland. From Erzegg we descend to 
the right to (3/4 hr.) Melchsee-Frutt. 

Ascents. Gwartler (7950'; 2 hrs.; guide 6 fr.), not difficult; good 
view to the S. and W., but shut in on the N. — Hohmatt (8185'; 21/2 hrs.; 
guide, 6 fr.), the central peak of the Tannenband ^ an easy and very 
attractive climb via the Tannen Alp and the Kringen-Liiclce. — *Ilot- 
sandnollen (8906'; 3 hrs.; guide 8 fr.), the highest of the Melchtal 
chain, not difficult; roomy plateau at the top. — *Hoh.enstollen (8150'; 
4 hrs.), rather fatiguing (guide 10 fr.) ; magnificent panorama (comp. 
p. 227). — Graustock (8743'; 31/2 brs. ; guide 8 fr.), fatiguing; but the 
lower ridge to the E. is easy and repaying. — Tellistock (8467'; 3-3V2 hrs. ; 
guide 8-10 fr.), the W. peak of the Gadmer Fltlh, not difficult for adepts. 
Footpath to the {^12^1'.) Alp S char madldger {^. 170); then across a valley 
and over broad terraces of grass and rock to the (21/2-^ hrs.) summit. 
Fine and very picturesque view. — "Wendenstock (9987'; 5 hrs.; guide 
30 fr.), difficult, for steady -headed climbers only; imposing view. — 
Reissend-Nollen (9880'), 5 hrs. (guide 20 fr.), not difficult for ex- 
perts: to the Joch Pass IV2 hr., thence to the right toward the W. arete 
and (3-3V2 hrs.) the summit (comp. p. 164). 

The ascent of the *Titlis (10,627'; 4V2-5 hrs.; guide 16, to Engel- 
berg 20 fr.) is shorter from the Engstlen Alp than from Engelberg (p. 164). 
From the (IV2 hr.) Joch Pass we ascend to the right over turf, rocks, 
debris, and snow, to the (3-3^/2 hrs.) top. On the neve the route unites 
with that from Engelberg (p. 165). 

To Wassen (p. 145) over the Titlis-Joch (ca. 8860'), between the 
Reiasend-Nollen and Titlia, the Wendeji Glacier, the Waseii-Joch (9000'), 
between the Grassen (9665') and Wasenhorn (9530'), the St'6ssen-Firn 
and the Guferplatten Alp (p. 173), 10-11 hrs., with guide. 

Tho bridle-path (to Engelberg S^g-^ hrs.) ascends gently to the 
E. over pastures, above the Engstlen Lake, and then ascends 
'hinter der Engl' (to the right, the Wendenstocke, with the Pfnffen 
and Joch Glaciers) to the {V/^ hr.) Joch Pass (7265'; view 
limited). The path then descends in windings and leads through 
the flat and marshy valley (to the left, the turbid TrUhsee)^ and 
across the brook which descends from the Titlis glaciers, to the 
(•'74 hr.) TrUhsee Hotely on the brink of the Pfaft'enwand. Thence 
to (l*/2 hr.) Kvgelherc/j see p. 164. 


40. Prom Meiringen to Wassen. 
Susten Pass. 

12 hrs.: Innertkirchen IV4, Gadmen 3, Stein 22/4, Susten Pass IV4, 
Meien 2-74, Wassen 1 hr. Carriage to Mtlhletal 10, with two horses 18, 
to Gadmen 20 and 30 fr. Horse to Wassen 36 (two days, 40 fr.), guide 
18 fr. (needless). 

From Meiringen to (372 ^0 Innertkirchen (2070'), see p. 232. 
The Susten Road, constructed in 1811, and still tolerably well 
kept on the Bernese side (practicable for driving as far as the 
Stein Inn; new road under construction), diverges here to the E. 
from the Grimsel route. It ascends over pleasant meadows to 
(25 min.) Wyler (2430'; Tannler's Inn), crosses (10 min.) the Gad- 
menhach, and, at the (^4 hr.) saw -mill of Muhletal (2735'), the 
Gentalbach. (Path to the Engstlen Alp, see p. 170.) At (^/^ hr.) 
Nessental or Muhlestalden (3117'; Salzgeber's Inn), the Triftfal 
opens to the right, with the Trift Glacier in the background. 

Trifttal (comp. Map, p. 160; 6 hrs. to the Trift Hut; guide necessary: 
Andreas von Weissenfluh and A. Kehrli of Nessental, Joh. Luchs and Fr. 
Moor of Gadmen). The path ascends on the left bank of the Triftwasser 
to the Trift Alp (4365') and on the left side of the ice-fall to the (0V2 hrs.) 
Windegg-Hid of the S.A.C. (6236'). We now traverse the glacier, here 
tolerablv level, and mount the steep rocks of the Thdltistoc/c to the 
(21/2-3 hrs.) Trift Hut, or Thalti Hut, of the S.A.C. (8250'), affording a 
good survey of the upper basin of the Trift Glacier. The Dammastock 
(11,920'; splendid view) is ascended without very serious difficulty from 
the club-hut in 4V2-5 hi'S. (guide from Meiringen 40 fr. ; descent by the 
Rhone Glacier to the Furka in 4 hrs.). The Maasplaiikstock (11,165'; 
4 hrs.), Eggstock (11,665'; 41/2 hrs.), Schiieestock (11,837'; 5 hrs.), Rhone- 
stock (11,825'; 5 hrs.), Diechterhorn (11,120'; 4 hrs.), and Giodchtenhorn 
(10,560'; 4 hrs.) may also be ascended from the Trift Hut by experts 
without difficulty. — From the Trift Hut over the (21/2 hrs.) Trift-Limmi 
(10,270') and the Rhone Glacier to the (21/2 hrs.) Furka (p. 158) or to the 
(3 hrs.) Grimsel (p. 234), an interesting glacier -expedition (guide from 
Innertkirchen 30 fr.). From the Trift-Limmi the Tier alpli stock (11,175'), 
an excellent point of view, is easily ascended in 1 hr. — Over the Damma 
Pass (11,745') to the Goschener Alp (p. 150), 8 hrs., difficult (the descent 
across the Damma Glacier is trying and dangerous; guide 45 fr.) ; over 
the Tiefen-Sattel (10,820') and the Tiefen Glacier to the Furka Road 
(p. 158), 9 hrs., not difficult if the snow is in good condition. — An 
interesting pass crosses the Furtwang-Sattel (8393') to Guttannen (p. 233 ; 
7V2 brs. ; guide 20 fr.). From the Windegg-Hiitte a steep ascent of 2 hrs., 
on the W. side of the glacier, leads through the Schattig-Trifttdli to the 
col, whence we descend by the Steinhaus Alp to Guttannen in 2 hrs. 
more. — From the Windegg-Hiitte (see above) over the (5 hrs.) Gwachten- 
Limmi (ca. 10170') to the Diechter-Tal and past the Gebner-See to the 
(4 hrs.) Handeck (p. 234). — The route over the Stein-Limmi (8970') to 
the Stein Hotel (4Va-5 hrs., guide 15 fr.) leads from the Windegg-Htttte by 
the Trift Glacier and the Drosi-Tal to the (2V2 hrs.) col, between the Gigli- 
stock and Vorder- Tier berg, and descends over the Stein-Limmi Glacier and 
round the Taleggli to the (2 hrs.) Stein Hotel (p. 173). 

The road crosses the Gadmenbach and ascends by Schaftelen 

and the hamlets of Untere Furen and (1 hr.) Obere Furen (3720') 

to (20 min.) the village of Gadmen (3960'; Bdr, R. 2-3, B. 

17*, D. 3, pens. 5-8 fr.). (Over the Satfeli to the Engstlen Alp, 

SUSTEN PASS. ^if^Jh P- i60. 11. R. io. \ 73 

4^/2-5 hrs., see p. 170; guide advisable for novices.) The green 
valley with its fine old maple-trees contrasts strikingly with the 
barren and precipitous Gadmer Flilhe (p. 170). To the E., on the 
slope of the Uratstocke (9545'), lies the Wenden Glacier. 

After a level stretch the road ascends through wood in numer- 
ous windings to the chalets of Feldmoos (4935'), and then traverses 
a wild rocky region ('Holle') to the (2^4 hrs.) *II6t.-Pens. Stein- 
gletscher, or Stein (6122' ; in summer only, 50 beds at 2-5, B. 1^2, 
I>. 3-4, pens. 8-11 fr.), at the foot of the huge Steinen Glacier. 

From the inn a path leads in 25 min, to the Steinen Glacier, crossing 
the tongue of which we may ascend over the moraine to the right to the 
Susten road. 

Ascent of the *Sustenhorn (11,520'), 6-7 hrs. from the Steingletscher 
Hotel, not difficult for adepts (guide 30 fr.). The descent may be made to 
the Voralp Rut, or via the Susten-Limmi to the Goschener Alp (p. 150). — 
The Gwachtenhorn {Steinberg ; 11,245'), by the Steinen (^lacier in 5 hrs. 
(guide 25 fr.), is also interesting and not difficult. 

Over the Susten-Limmi to the Goschener Alp, 8 hrs., laborious 
(guide from Meiringen 35 fr.). Crossing the Seeboden we ascend the Stein- 
Limmi Glacier, to the W. of the Tierbergli, and traverse the nev6 of 
the Steinen Glacier to the (5 hrs.) Susten-Limmi (10,180'), lying between 
the Gwachtenhorn (11,245') and the Gletscherhorn (11,445'). We here ob- 
tain the first view of the peaks of the St. Gotthard. Descent over the 
Susten-Ldmmi Glacier to the Kehlen Alp Club Hut (7560') and the (3 hrs.) 
Goschener Alp (p. 150). — A more difficult pass is the Tierberg-Ijim.m.i 
(about 10,500'): we cross the Steinen Glacier to the col between the 
Gvmchtenhorn and the Hinter- Tierberg (10,965'), and descend (very steep 
and difficult) the Kehle Glacier to the (9-10 hrs.) Goschener Alp. 

Over the Stein-Limmi to the Trift Glacier (5 hrs. to the Windegg 
Hut), see p. 172. Another route crosses the snow-saddle of Zwischen- 
Tierbergen (about 9780'), between the Vordei'- and the Mittel- Tierberg, 
to the (6-7 hrs.) Trift Hut (p. 172). — To Engelberg over the Wende)i-Joch, 
see p. 165. 

The bridle-path now leads above the moraine, and ascends in 
windings (short-cut), overlooking the grand Steinen Glacier, envir- 
oned by the Sustenhorner, Gwachtenhorn, Hinter- and Vorder- 
Tierberg, and GigHstock, to the (IV4 hr.) Susten Pass (7420'), 
between the Heuberg (8510') on the left (ascent in 1 hr., inter- 
esting), and the Sustenspitz (9615') on the right. Fine view, to the 
E., of the imposing mountains bounding the Meien-Tal on the N. 
and culminating in the Spannorter (p. 165). 

The path, now uninteresting, winds down into the Meien-Tal 
and approaches the Meienhach, a brook issuing from the Kalchtal^ 
a wild gorge on the right, into which avalanches often fall from the 
StUcklistock (10,855'j and the Hintere Sustenhorn (10,890' ; over 
the HuMeii-Joch to the Vcrralp-Hiitte, see p. 150). Below us lie 
the Austen Alp (5767'), on the right, and the (1 hr.) Gufer2)latten 
Alp (5725'), on the left. The path traverses the stony valley of the 
Meien-Keuss, and crosH(;s it twice. We niixi cross the ravine of the 
(•V4 hr.) GorezmeUlenhach (5137';, and pass the Gorezmcftlen Alp. 
Several brooks issue from the BuUifirn on the right. 

Thf; first group of houses (20 min.) is Ferniyen (4789' ; J'cus. 

174 IL Route 41. AVOLHUSEN. 

Edelweiss, pens. 5-7 fr., well spoken of) ; then, below the chapel, the 
hamlets of (40 min.) Meien or Dorfli (4330' ; Hotel zum Susten- 
pass, pens. 4^2-5 fr. ; Stern, Alpenroslij both unpretending) and 
(20 min.) Hilsen (3865'). At the end of the valley we pass the 
Meienschanz (3600'), an intrenchment destroyed by the French in 
1799. Descending rapidly, and passing beneath the St. Gotthard 
Railway, we at length reach (40 min.) Wassen (p. 145). 

41. Prom Lucerne to Bern. Entlebuch. 


59 M. Railway in 2V4-3Va hrs. (fares 15 fr., 9 fr. 60, 6 fr. 25c.). 

Lucerne^ see p. 108. — The train diverges to the left from the 
Bale line (p. 26) and passes through a tunnel under the Zimmeregg , 
1248 yds. long, into the broad valley of the Kleine Emme. 3^2 ^• 
Littau, at the N.W. base of the wooded Sonnenberg (p. 114). — 
71/2 M. Matters (1693'; Bahnhof; Klosterli; Kreuz). 

Road hence (diligence twice daily in I1/4 hr., fare 1 f r. ; carr. 5 fr.) to 
(8V4M.) Schwarzenberg (2760'; *Hdt.-Fens. Matt, 80 beds, R. IV2-2V2 fr., 
B. 1, D. 2V2, S. 2, pens. 5-6 fr. ; Kreuz, 60 beds, pens. 5-6 fr. ; Bossli), 
on the hill to the S., a pleasant summer-resort. About 2 M. above it is 
the health-resort of Eigental (p. 115). Hence to (6 M.) Kriens, see p. 115. 

From Schachen (see below) the old Bramegg Road leads to the (2 M.) 
prettily-situated Farnbuhlbad (2460'; Kurhaus), with chalybeate springs, 
and thence over the Bi-amegg (3366') to (6 M.) Entlebuch. 

Above (8 M.) Schache7i the valley contracts. The train ap- 
proaches the Kleine Emme, and crosses it near Wertenstein (on the 
left), with its monastery, now a deaf-and-dumb asylum. Beyond a 
short tunnel we reach (I2V2 M.) Wolhusen (I860'; pop.^2000; 
Hot. Bahnhof, R. 2-21/2, B. 1 fr. ; R'ossli, R. 2-2V2, B. 1, D. 2, pens. 
41/2-6 fr. ; Kreuz), a large village, divided by the Emme into Wol- 
husen-Wiggern on the left bank, and Wolhusen- Markt opposite. 

From Wolhusen to Langenthai., 24^2 M., railway in 2 hrs. From 
(3M.) Menznau (Lamm) a road (diligence twice daily in 2V3hrs.) leads S.W. 
to the (51/2 M.) health-resort of Menzberg (3314'; *Kurhaus, 80 beds, pens. 
5V2-6V2 fi"-)» in richly wooded environs at the foot of the Napf (p. 176). 
— 7 M. "Willisau (1830'; pop. 4200; Rossli, Ster7i), a pleasant little town 
with a handsome church and an old castle. The line now turns to the 
W. and runs by Gettnau, Zell on the Lutherhach, and Huswil to (16 M.) 
Huttwil (2105'; pop. 4000; Krone, R. I1/2, pens. 51/2-6 fr. ; Mohr), a thriv- 
ing place with mineral baths (branch-line to Ramsei, see p. 25). Beyond 
(I8V4 M.) Rohr-bach the line descends the Langeten Valley, with its rich 
meadows, via (22 M.) Gutenburg, with mineral baths (Hotel Bad Guten- 
burg, pens. 5-6 fr.), Lotzwil, and (241/2 M.) Langenthal (p. 24). 

We here enter the Entlebuch, a valley 15 M. long, with 
wooded slopes and luxuriant meadows. The train recrosses the 
Emme and ascends the E. side of the valley (five tunnels). 

18 M. Entlebuch (2255'; pop. 2700; ^ Hotel- Pension Port, 
pens. 6^/2^^', Drei Konige^ unpretending but good), a large and 
pleasant village. — Ascent of the Napf, see p. 176. 

About 2 M. from th3 rail, station (road) is Ebfiet- Entlebuch (2375'; 
Kurhaus Lindenhof, pens. 4-5 fr.), a prettily situated summer-resort. 

SCHt)PFHEIM. 11. Route 41. 175 

From Entlebuch to the Schimbekg-Bad , IOV2 M- 5 hotel-omnibus 
every afternoon in 3 hrs. (5 fr. 40, descent 4 fr. 10 c.) ; carriage for 1 pers. 
10, 2 pers. 15, 4 pers. 23 fr. ; motor-car from Lucerne in 1 hr. The road 
ascends the Eiitlen-Tal to the (6V2 M.) Entlentnatt Inn, descends to the 
Entlen bridge, and again ascends in windings to the (5 M.) Schimberg- 
Bad (4680'; Kurhmis, open June 1st to Sept. 30th, 150 beds, pens. 7-12 fr.), 
with an alkaline sulphur-spring. Fine view to the N. and N.W. A good 
path ascends in IV4 hr. to the top of the Schimberg (5975'), which affords 
an admirable panorama. Still grander are the views from the (21/2 hrs.) 
*Feuerstein (6700') and from the (2V4 hrs.) Schafmatt (6505'). Foot-paths 
lead to (IV2 hr.) HeiUgkreuz (see below), to the (2V2 hrs.) ISchtvendi-Kalt- 
bad (p. 167), etc. 

The train crosses the rapid Entle7i, which here falls into the 
Enime. On the left lies the village of Hasli, prettily situated. 

22 M. Schiipfheim (2388'; pop. 3100; Adler,^. IV4-2V2, 

pens. 5-6 fr. ; KreuZj R. 1-2, pens. 4^/4-5 fr. ; Rossli)^ the capital 

of the valley. About ^j^ M. from the station is the Bad & Kurhaus 

Schiipfheim (chalybeate spring, with iodine). 

About 41/2 M. to the E. is HeiUgkreuz (3700'; Kurhaus, 50 beds, pens. 
4-4V2 fr.), a pilgrimage and summer-resort, with fine view. — A road (dil- 
igence twice daily in 1^/4 hr. ; carr. 10 fr.) gradually ascends to the S. 
through the picturesque valley of the Waldemme or Kleine Emme, to the 
(5 M.) pretty mountain-village of Fliihli (2930'; Kurhaus, May 15th-Sept. 
30th, 70 beds, pens. 5-6 fr.), with a sulphur-spring. Fine woods; rich flora. 
Pleasant excursions to (1 hr.) the Kessiloch, a rocky gorge with a high 
waterfall ; to the (3 hrs.) *Beichlen (5810'; magnificent view) ; to the (3V2 hrs.) 
JIagleren (6400'); and to the (4 hrs.) *Schrattenfluh (6864'), with interesting 
glacier-worn rocky slopes and a splendid view, particularly from the 
'Scheibengiitsch (6690'), the S.W. point of the long ridge. 

From Fliihli a road leads to (6 M.) Sorenberg (3822'; *Kurhaus Soren- 
berg, 80 beds, pens. 4V2-5 fr. ; *Kur-H6tel Mariental, pens. 41/2-6 fi"0) a 
health-resort in the upper Emmen-Tal or Marien-Tal. The road goes on 
for about IV2 M. more to the foot of the *Brienzer Rothorn (p. 227), which 
may be ascended hence in 4-41/2 hrs. (guide, desirable, 6 fr.). 

From FLtJHLi to Saknen via the Seewenegg, 6V2 hrs., an attractive 
route. The path diverges to the left, ^U M. to the S. of Fliihli, passes 
the hamlet of Kragen and the alps of Bleiki, Eggli, Stdldeli, and Blattli, 
leads through wood and past a saw-mill, and reaches (3 hrs.) the Seewen 
Alp (5640'; Kurhaus, R. 2-21/2? pens. 4V2-5Va fr-)? ^ health-resort near the 
iSeewen Seeli (5545'). Splendid view of the Bernese Alps. The *Feuer- 
stein (6700'), which affords a survey of the Alps from the Sentis to Mont 
Blanc, is easily ascended hence in 1 hr. (see above). — From the Seewen 
Alp the footpath ascends the (20 min.) Seewenegg (5750'), another fine 
noint of view. It then descends to the right, leaving the Schwendi-Kalt- 
bad (p. 167) to the left, to Stalden and (3 hrs.) Sarnefi (p. 167). 

We now cross the Kleine Emme and ascend the valley of the 
Weisse Emme to — 

27 M. Escholzmatt (2805'; '"'Hot. Kurhaus Lowe, R. IV2-2, 
B. 1, D. 2-3, pons. 5-6 fr. ; Krone, pens. 4-5 f r. ; Bossli)^ a scat- 
tered village (3127 inhab.) with a n(!w Gothic church, on the 
watershed between the Entlebuch and Emmen-Tal. From here we 
may easily ascend the Beichlen (5810') in 2V2 hrs. (sec above). 
We next descend to (29 M.) Wif/f/eu (2r)00'; Rossli, pens. 472-5 fr.). 

From Wiggen a road ascoiidK to the S. through the Ilfts-Tal (diligence 
to Schangnau twice daily in 1 lir. 50 niin.) via Marhach and Wald to 

176 //• ti<»'tc 41. LANGNAU. 

(71/2 ^I-) Schangnau (3055'; *LSice) in the Grosse Emmen-Tal. From 
Schangnau the ^Holigcmt (7215') may be ascended in 5-B hrs. via the 
Lautere Wdngli (guide desirable; rustic quarters in the Mast Alp or the 
Grossensteinen Alp, IVa hr. from Schangnau). Descent to Habkeni, see 
p. 204. — About 5 M. above Schangnau in the upper Emmen-Tal (dilig'ence 
in 1 hr., via Bumhach) is the Kemmeriboden-Bad (3100'; Kurhaus, 
modest, 80 beds, pens. 6 fr.), with sulphur-springs, much visited by the 
natives. It lies at the base of the ScheibengiitscJi (6690'), which may be 
ascended hence in 3 hrs. (see p. 175). From the Kemmeribodcn-Bad to 
the top of the Hohgant (p. 175), 0V2-4 hrs., with guide; to the Tannhorn 
(7290'), with imposing view, 4-4V2 brs., with guide (the descent may he 
made to Brienz, p. 227). 

We ]iow follow the right bank of the Ilfis, and reach (3272 M.) 
Trahschachen (239G'), at the confluence of the Trubbach and lifts, 
the first village in Canton Bern. 

The *N"apf (4620'; 3V2-4 hrs., guide needless; '^hui at the top, crowded 
on Sat. & Sun., 60 beds, pens. 6-6 fr.), to the N. of Trubschachen, deserves 
a visit. A road leads via (2V4M.) Trub (2676'; *Lowe) to (6 M.) Mettlen 
(3454'; carr. for 1 pers. to this point, 6 fr.), and a bridle-path thence to 
the (1 hr.) top of the Napf, which commands a fine panorama from the 
Sentis to the Jura, and a beautiful view of the Bernese Alps. — From 
Entlebuch (p. 174) a road crosses the Entlenbach and the Kleine Emme, 
to the W. ; we then either follow the road by Dopleschwand to (5 M.) 
Eomoos (2592'; inn), or reach the same point by a direct path in 1 hr. ; 
from Romoos a good bridle-path leads to the top in 21/2 hrs. more.' — From 
the Napf a footpath with pleasant views leads via the Luss-Hiitte (rustic 
inn), the Liideren Alp (Hotel zu den Alpen, pens, from 4 fr.), and the 
Rafrilti (see below) to (4 hrs.) Langnau (guide, desirable, 5-6 fr.). 

36\/2 M. Langnau (2244'; pop. 8300; ^Hirsch, R. IV2-2V2, 
B. 1, ri. 2V2, pens. 5-7 fr.; ^Lowe, E. 2-5, D. 3, pens. 5-7 fr.; 
Bar; Hot. Bahnhof; Hot, Emmental)^ a large and wealthy vil- 
lage, is the capital of the Emmen-Tal, a valley about 25 M. long, 
10-12 M. wide, watered by the Ufis and the Grosse Emme, and 
one of the most fertile in Switzerland. Carefully kept meadows, a 
fine breed of cattle, and neat dwellings with pretty gardens indicate 
the prosperity of the natives. 

Railway to Burgdorf^ see p. 25. — The Bageschivand-Hohe, 1 hr. to 
the N.W., commands a tine view of the Emmen-Tal and the Alps; the 
view from the Rafrilti (3960'), 2V2 brs. to the N., is still more extensive 
(panorama by Gr. Studer). 

Beyond Langnau the train crosses the Grosse Emme. 38 M. 
Emmenmatt, 40^/2 M. Signau (2090'; Bar; Thurm), 441/2 M. Zazi- 
wil (Krone), thriving villages. It then skirts the Hurnberg in a wide 
curve to (47 M.) Konolfingen-Stalden (2180'; Hot. Bahnhof), where 
it intersects the electric line from Burgdorf to Thun (p. 25). — 
491/2 M. Tagertschi. — ^2'K. Worb (2001'; Bar, Loive, Stern, 
all good), a large village, 1 M. from the station, with a castle 
dating from the 11th cent, (steam-tramway to Bern, see p. 182). 
Fine view of the Bernese Alps and the Stockhorn chain to the left. 

A road (diligence twice daily to Walkringen, 43/4 M. in 1 hr.) leads to the 
E. to (23/4 M.) EnggistfAn (2264'; Inn, pens. 3V2-4V2 fr.)» with mineral springs, 
situated in a pleasant valley, and to the (1 M. farther) *Iliittihubelbad 
(2414'; May lOth-Oct. 16th ; 110 beds at 1-2 fr., B. 80 c, D. IV2-2, pens. 4-5V2 fi'O, 
with a saline chalybeate spring, pleasant walks, and a fine view, especially 


HOCHDORF. 11. Route 42. 177 

from the Knorihuhel (3027'; 36 min.). Magniticent view also from the *AetZ' 
riittiegg (3120'), reached via Wikartswil and the Menziwilegg (3060') in 
1 hr., and from the Ballenbuhl^ the W. summit of the Hiirnberg, reached 
yik Schlossiml in 1^/4 hr. (descent to Tdgertschi in 20 min.). — From stat. 
Walkringen (p. 25) to Ruttihubelbad IV4 M (carr. for 1-2 pers. 2Va fr.). 

54 M. Gumligen, junction of the Bern and Thun line (change 
carriages for Thun, p. 189). Thence to — 
59 M. Bern (p. 180), see p. 189. 

42. Prom Lucerne to Wildegg (Aaraii). 


32 M. Seetal Railway (electric) in 2-2'^/3 hrs. ; 2nd cl. 4 fr. 95, 3rd 
cl. 3 fr. 56 c. 

From Lucerne to (3 M.) Emmenhrucke, see p. 26 (also electric 
tramway, p. Ill); here we change carriages for the 'Seetalbahn', 
which diverges to the right. — 4^2 M. Emmen (1410'; Stern, R. 17^- 
3 fr.), near the Reuss, on the right bank of which, 1/2 M. to the JE., 
is the old nunnery of Hathauseri, now an orphanage. We traverse 
the fertile Emmenhoden to (6 M.) WaldihrUcke. The line quits the 
road and ascends , affording a fine view of the Rigi and the High 
Alps to the right, to (872 M.) Eschenbach (1540'; Rossli; Lowe), 
with a Cistercian nunnery dating from the 12th cent. 

At (10 M.) Ballwil (1693') we cross the watershed between the 
Reuss and the Aa, and descend into the Seetal, one of the most 
fertile and attractive valleys in Central Switzerland. This 'lake- 
valley', 1872^1^- long, is bounded on the E. by the Lindenberg 
(2953') and on the W. by the Ehrlose (2670') and the Ilomberg 
(2598'). In the middle of it lie the pretty Baldegg Lake or Obere 
See and the larger Hallwil Lake or Untere See (p. 178). 

12M. Hoehdorf (1590'; pop. 1100]Hirsch, pens. 57.^-672 fr.; 
KreuZj both plain), a prosperous village, with pine-woods near it. 
Near the station is the Theatre , with 1300 seats, where popular 
dramas are given on Sunday afternoons in summer. 

Excursions. On a hill to the E. (1/2 hr.) is the cantonal deaf-and- 
dumb asylum of Hohenrain (2014'), formerly a lodge of the knights of 
St. John, with a fine view of the Alps. Thence to (I'/a hr.) ScJdoss Horben 
(2625'; restaurant, see p. 30), with 8U|)erb view to the N. and E. ; then via 
(Vi hr.) Lieli, another fine point, with the ruined castle of Nmiegg, to 
(Va hr.^ Augstholz, and back to (i/a hr.) Hoehdorf. This excursion may bo 
made by carriage. 

Roads lead to the W. from Hoehdorf by Romerswil to (4 M.) Ober- 
reinach, a ruin, with admirable view of the Seetal and the Jura; by the 
pilgrimage-shrine of IHldisrieden to the (5 M.) memorial chapel of the battle 
of Sempach (p. 26); and by Urswii to (.'{i/a M.) Rain ^ near Oberbuchen 
{2\'.VA')^ where we got a picturesque survcsy of Pilatus and the Entlcltucli Mts. 

13 M. Baldegg (Lowe;, a pretty village, lies at the S.E. end of 
the Baldegger See (1530'), a lake 3 M. long. Skirting the Jv 
bank of the lake, we next reach (1572 M.) Gelfingrn (Stern), wlwic 
Ihr vine begins. Charming view of the lake and the H(^rnese Alps. 

Baiodkkkk, Switzerland. 2U[i Edition. 12. 

178 IL Route 42. LENZBURCt. 

On the right is the castle of Heideyg. — 16 M. Hitzkirch (1550'), 
^1^ M. to the S. of the village of that name (Kranz; Engel), with 
an old Teutonic lodge, now a seminary for teachers. To the left, 
at the N. end of the Baldegg Lake, is Bichenseej with the ruins of 
the Grilnenburg, standing upon an enormous erratic block. Near 
it a lake-dwelling of the neolithic period was recently discovered. 
To the N. of Hitzkirch a road (diligence to Fahrwangen twice daily in 

1 hr.) leads viii Altwis and Aesch to (5V2 M.) Meisterschwanden (Lowe ; 
*Peus. Seerose) and Fahrwangen (Bar), two large villages where straw- 
plaiting is the chief industry ; thence (diligence thrice daily in 1 hr.) via 
ISarmensdorf SiJid Schloss Hilflkon to Villmergen and (5 M.) Wohle7i (p. 30). 

17 M. Ennensee, a large village on the Aa. At (18 M.) Mosen 
we reach the Hallwiler See (1490'), a lake 572 M. long and 1 M. 
broad (small steamer), the W. bank of which we ascend to — 

20 M. Beinwil (1720'; Lowe), a thriving village (1831 inhab.) 
with cigar-inanufactories, commanding a charming view of the lake. 

From Beinwil a good path ascends in 50 min. (from Birrwil in ^/^ hr., 
from Ileinach 1 hr.), partly through wood, to the *Homberg (2595'; good 
inn, 5 min. below the top, R. IV2-2, pens, ^^jr^^iz fr.), the '5-igi of the 
Aargau', commanding a beautiful view of the Alps and the Jura Mts. 

From Beinwil to Munster, 5 M., railway in 25 min. via (l^/^ M.) 
Ileinach {Ste^ni^ pens. 5-8 fr. ; Rossli), an industrial village (6000 inhab.) 
in the upper Winen-Tal, at the foot of the Stierenberg (2865'; pleasant 
wood-walks). Thence via (21/2 M.) Menziken to (6 M.) Miinster (2140'; 
Ochs; Hirsch; Rossli), a pleasantly situated village, with the old abbey of 
Bero-Milnster (interesting church, founded about 720, rebuilt in 1223; rich 
treasury). — Winental Railway from Reinach-Menziken to Aarau, see p. 31. 

The cars run high above the lake to (21^4 M.) Bimvil (1715') 
and descend to (23^2 ^0 BonistvilSeengen (1570'). 

To Fahrwangen, 4^/2 M., diligence twice daily in 1 hour. The road 
leads past the handsome old chateau of Hallivil to (IV2 M.) Seengen (Bar), 
a large village, with the burial-vaults of the Hallwil family. About 1/2 ^• 
to the S.E. is the Brestenberg Hydropathic (I5i5'; pens. 7V'2-9V2 fiO? 
prettily situated among vineyards at the N. end of the Lake of Hallwil. 
Road from Seengen to the (IV4 M.) *Hdt,-Pens. Eichberg (2130'; pens. 
3V2-4 fr.), a health-resort commanding a fine view (omn. from Boniswil, 

2 fr.) — From Brestenberg we follow the E. bank to Tennwil, ^leister- 
schivanden, and (2V2 M.) Fahrwangen (see above). 

25 M. Niederhallwil-Durrendsch ; 26 M. Seon (Stern), a manu- 
facturing village (2000 inhab.); 29 M. Lenzburg - Bahnhof , the 
junction for Aarau and Baden (p. 32). 

30 M. Lenzburg-Stadt (1328'; 2700 inhab. ; ^Krone; Lowe), 
a busy little town on the Aa. Large factory of tinned goods. On 
a hill above it, to the E., stands the picturesque Schloss Lenzburg 
(1663'), the property of Mr. E. E. Jessup of Philadelphia, who has 
restored it in the original style (garden open on Wed. and Sun.). 
Opposite, to the AV., rises the Staufberg (1710'), with an old church 
and a fine view. 

31 M. Nieder-Lenz. — 32 M. Wildegg (1165'), a station on the 
railway from Aarau via Brugg to Zurich (p. 32). 



43. Bern and Environs . . 180 

Gurten, 188. — From Bern to Schwarzenburg, 189. 

44. From Bern to Thun 189 

a. Federal Railway (via Mtinsingen) 189 

b. Giirbetal Railway (via Belp) 189 

Zimmerwald. Belpberg. Gurnigel-Bad. Burgistein. 
Staffelalp, 190. --Environs of Thun, 192. 

45. From Thun to Interlaken. Lake of Thun .... 193 

a. Thunersee Railway . . 193 

b. Steamboat Journey 193 

Sigriswil, 194. — Niesen, 196. — Aeschi. Renggli-Pass, 

196. — Beatus-Hohle. Beatenberg, 197. — Amisbuhl; 
G-iiggisgrat, 198. 

46. Interlaken and Environs 199 

Heimwehfluh; Abendberg; Harder; Goldswil; Ringgen- 
berg; Habkern-Tal; Hohgant; Augstmatthorn ; Schynige 
Platte; Saxeten-Tal; Sulegg; Morgenberghorn ; Schwal- 
mern, 202-205. 

47. The Lauterbrunnen Yalley and Miirren .... 206 

Isenfluh, 206. — Staubbach. Triimmelbach Fall, 207.— 
Schmadribach Fall. Upper Steinberg. Tanzbodeli, 208. 

— Oberhornsee, 209. — Allmendhubel. Schilthorn, 210. 

— Sefinen-Tal. From Miirren over the Seiinen-Furgge 
to the Kiental; over the Hohturli to Kandersteg, 212. — 
From Lauterbrunnen over the Tschingel Pass to Kander- 
steg; over the Petersgrat to the Lotschen-Tal. Mutt- 
horn Hut. Wetterliicke. Schmadri-Joch. Lauitor, 213. 

— Rottal Hut, 214. 

48. From Interlaken to Grindelwald 214 

a. Direct Line 214 

b. Via Wengen and the Little Scheidegg .... 214 
Bridle-path to the Wengern-Alp. Mettlen Alp, 215. — 
Jungfrau. Silberhorn, 216. — Eiger Glacier. Jungfrau 
Railway. Lauberhorn, 217. — Mannlichen. Guggi Club 

Hut, 218. — Grindelwald Glaciers. Wetterhorn Lift. 
Chalet Milchbach, 219, 220. — Biiregg. Zasenberghorn. 
Mettenberg. Wetterhorn. Berglistock, 221. — Schreck- 
horn; Lauteraarhorn; Monch; Eiger; Fiescherhorn. From 
Grindelwald over the Strahlegg, the Finsteraar-Joch, 
or Lauteraar-Sattel to the Grinisel Hospice; over the 
Jungfrau-Joch, Monchjoch, Eiger-Joch, and Fiescher- 
Joch to the Eggishorn, 222. 

49. The Faulhorn 223 

From Grindelwald to tiie Faulhorn, 223. — From the 
Schynige Platte to tlie Faulhorn. From the Faulhorn to 
the Great Scheidegg. Kiitihorn. Schwarziiorn, 221. 

50. From Meiringen to Interlaken. J^ake of Brienz . . 22"> 

Gorge of the Aare, 225. Rcjjclienbach Falls. Gorge of 
the Alpbacli. Haslilxirg. llohlluh. Ueuti, 226, - llohen- 
Htoll(!n. Hrienzcr Uothorn , 227. Giesshach, 228. 
Axalp. Ilinterhurg-See. Ascent of the Faulhorn from 
the Giesshach. From the Giessbach to Interlaken, 229. 


180 III' Route 43, 



51. From Meiringeii to Grindelwald over the Great 
Scheidegg 229 

Hohbalm. Rosenlaui. Gorge of the Weissenbach, 230. 

52. From Meiringen to the Rhone Glacier. Grimsel . 231 

Urbach-Tal. Gauli Club Hut. Beigli-Joch. Wetter- 
limmi , 232. - Dossen Hut. Eoseuegg, 238. — Kleine 
Siedelhorn. Uuteraar and Oberaar Glacier. Dollfus Pa- 
vilion. Ewigschneehorn. Ankenballi. Finsteraarhorn. 
From the Grimsel to the Eggishorn Hotel over the 
Oberaar-Joch, 234, 235. 

58. From Spiez to Leuk over the Gemmi 236 

Kiental. Gspalteuhorn. Biittlassen, 237. — Gerihoru. 
Steinschlaghorn. The Blaue See, 238. — Excursions from 
Kandersteg. Gastern-Tal; Oeschinen-See ; Bliimlisalp; 
Diindenhorn; Birre; Doidenhorn; Friindenhorn ; Alp- 
sehelenhubel ; Tschingel Pass ; Petersgrat, 239, 240. — 
llinderhorn. Balmhorn, 240. — Altels. Wildstrubel, 241. 

— Excursions from Bad Leuk; Torrent Alp, etc., 242. 

54. From Gampel to Kandersteg. Lotschen Pass. . . 243 

Hohgleifen. Bietschhorn. From Hied to the Eggishorn 
Hotel over the LotschentUcke. Passes to Leuk, 243, 

55. From Frutigen to Adelboden 245 

Excursions from Adelboden. Bonderspitz. Elsighorn. 
Albristhorn. Gsiir. Gross-Lohner. Wildstrubel, etc. 
From Adelboden to Lenk via the Hahnenmoos ; to Kan- 
dersteg via the Bonder Krinden; to the Gemmi over 
the Engstligen-G-rat, 246^ 247. 

56. From (hiterlaken) Spiez to Montreux. Simmen-Tal 248 

Diemtig-Tal. Grimmi Alp. Seehorn, Mannlifluh, etc. 
244. — Stockhorn. Weissenburg-Bad. Over the Mor- 
geten-Grat to the Gurnigel-Bad, 245. — From Boltigen 
to Bulle. Baths of Schwefelberg. Ottenleue-Bad, 250. 

— Hundsriick. Rinderberg. Lauenen-Tal, 251. 

57. From Zweisimmen to Sion over the Rawyl . . 252 

Source of the Simme; Miilkerplatte ; Oberlaubhorn ; If- 
figensee; Wildhorn: Wildstrubel, etc. 253. — From Lenk 
to Gsteig; to Gstaad; to Adelboden, 2.54. 

43. Bern and Environs. 

Railway Station (PI. C, 3; good Restaurcmt, J). 3-3V2 fi'O, on the 
W. side of the old town, at the foot of the Grosse Schanze. Departing 
travellers should note that hotel-servants are not allowed upon the plat- 
form or upon the flight of steps leading to it from the entrance-hall. 

Hotels. *Gk.-H6t. Beunerhof (PI. a; D, 4), Bundesgasse 3, with 
lift and fine view of the Alps, 200 beds, R. 4-10, B. 2, L. 41/2, D. 6, pens. 
12-18 fi-. — The Hotels Bellevce (PI. b ; E, 4) and Schweizerhof (PL c; 
C, 3) are rebuilding and closed at present. *H6t. National (PI. f ; D, 4), 
70 beds, R. 3-5, B. IV4, !>• 4, S. 3, pens. 8-12 fr. ; Hotel Jura (PI. d; 0,4), 
«0 beds, R. 3-4, B. IV4, D. 31/2, S. 2Va, pens. 8-10 fr., good; Hotel de 
France (PI. e; C, 3), R. 21/2-4, B. I1/4, D. 3, pens. 7V2-IO f r. ; *Hotel de 
la Poste (PI. s; D, ,3), 50 beds, R. 2-4, B. I1/4, D. 3, S. 2V2, pens. 8-10 f r. ; 
*H6t. Mktropole etMokopole (PI. me; B, 3), Waisenhaus-Platz, 70 beds, 
R. 3-6, B. 11/2, D. 3-4, pens. 8-12 fr. ; *Lion d'Or (PI. i; C, D, 4), Spital- 
gasse, 48 beds, R. 2V2-'^V2) ^' IV4, !>• 3, pens. 7V2-IO fr.; Hotel de la 

OiechlePborn Hohgant 

Wtld^ersl Hangendjletscher H" 


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Wellhorn ■ 



raulhorn GrL 



Finsteraarhorn Eigor 3974 Mdnch 

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Jufi^frau Gleischerhorn LbneMuh Mittafehorn Grosshorn Breithorn Gspaltenhorn 

4t6e 3982 -IQfi* -3M6 37S5 S77S 1**2 


398Z 3964 

A.etschhorn , s.hwalmern 

Lobhorner 2973 

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D 1 f-; B e: r n k r a l p e n 

\oin Kasino bci tlt-i' Kirclu'iil'rldljrin !<<• in Ht>rn 

S'otes. BERN. ^//- Boute4:^,. jgl 

(,iAKE (PI. t; D, 8), R. 21/r^^ B- IV4, D- 2^'2 f J'- ; Hot. Simplon (PL s i ; D, 3), 
Aarbergergasse, 35 beds at 21/2- 4, pens. 7-9 f r. ; Hirsch (PI. 0; D, 3), R. 
21/2-3, I). 3 fr., very fair; Hot. Garni Bubenberg (PI. x; C, 4), 40 beds 
at 21/2 -T, B. IV4 fr., Hot. G-arni St. Gotthard (PI. n; C, 4), 65 beds at 
2-5, B. IV2 fi*., both in the Bubenberg-Platz ; these all near the station. — 
In the town: Pfistern {Hotel cles Boulangers : PI. g, E, 3), near the clock- 
tower, 50 beds, R. 3-5, B. IV4, D. 31/2, S. 2V2, pens. 8-15 fr. ; Cigogne (PI. 
h; D, 3, 4), R. 2-31/2, B. IV4, D. .31/2, S. 21/2, pens. 7-10 fr., well spoken 
of; *Ours (PI. r; D, 4), R. 2V2-4, D. 3, pens. 71/2 -10 fr. ; *Park-H6tel 
Favorite, Schanzeneck-Str. 25 (PI. B, 3), 48 beds at 31/2-8, pens. 9-16 fr., 
with baths of various kinds; ZahringerHof (PL u; B, 2), Haller-Str., R. 
2-4, B. 1, D. 21/2, pens. 4-6 fr. ; Schmieden {3Iarechaux; PL k, E, 3), 
R. 2-21/2, B. 11/4, D. 21/2, pens. 6-7 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. Ruof (PL 1; D, 3), 
Aarberger-Str. 1, R. 2-3, B. I1/4, D. 21/2, pens. 6-7 fr., very fair; Etoile- 
d'Or (PL m; D, 3), Aarbergergasse, 25 beds, R. 2-31/2, pens. 6-8 fr., good; 
*Croix Federale (PL q; D, 3), Zeughausgasse, 70 beds at 2-4, B. 1, D. 2, 
S. 11/2, pens, from .51/3 fr. ; Emmenthaler Hof (PL v ; D, 3), Neuengasse, 30 
beds at 2-3, B. 1 f r. ; Hot. du Sauvage (PL p; D, 3), Aarbergergasse 41 ; 
Hotel du Pont (PL w; E, 5), beyond the Kirchenfeld Bridge (p. 182), 
R. IV2-3, pens. 6-6 fr.; Hotel Eiger (PL z; A, 5), Belp-Str. 75, 38 beds 
at 2-3, pens. 6V2-8 fr. 

Pensions. ITerfer {VI. he; F, 4), suitable for ladies travelling alone 
(pens. 51/2-7 fr.); Villa J^re?/ (PL f r ; A, 4), Schwarztor-Str. 71, pens. 7-10 fr. ; 
Eden, Schl5ssli-Str. 23 (61/2-9 fr.); Pens. Gaudard, Schanzeneck-Str. (5- 
71/2 fr,); Pens. Quisisana, Oberweg 6 (6-10 fr.) ; Beau-S^jour, Frohberg- 
weg 14, 1/2 ^^' from the station (from 4 fr.); Sonnenberg, near the Schanzli 
(p. 188; 6-14 fr.); Jolimont, ^ussere Enge (I1/2 M. ;"p. 188), with fine 
view and shady promenades (6-9 fr.) ; Krone at Muri, IV2 M. to the S.E. 
(tramway), pens. 6-7 fr. 

Caf^s and Restaurants. * Casino (p. 182)^ near the Kirchenfeld Bridge 
(see p. 185) ; Cafri-Restaurant Bubenberg, Bubenberg-Platz ; Cafe Zytglogge, 
with frescoes by Mtlnger, Amthausgasse and Theater-Platz; Grand Cafe 
& Restaurant du Theatre, Theater-Platz ; Kornhauskeller (p. 184) ; Bigler- 
Siegenthaler, Aarbergergasse (D. 1 fi*. 80 c., good); A. Dastwijler-Spoerry, 
Kramgasse 77 ; Ratskeller, corner of Gerechtigkeitsgasse and Kreuzgasse ; 
Women''s Restaurajit Daheim, Zeughausgasse 31; Caf^ du Pont, beyond 
the Kirchenfeld Bridge, to the right, with a fine view; Schivellenmdtteli, 
adjacent, below, to the left (Pl.E, 4; fish). — Popular Resorts. Casino 
(p. 182); Kursaal Schdnzli (p. 188; daily concert or theatrical performance 
in summer) ; Cafe Sternivarte, on the Grosse Schanze (p. 188) ; CafS Enge 
(p. 188), 1 M. to the N. ; Gurten (p. 188). 

Baths. River Baths in the Aare (June-Sept. ; 68-68° Fahr.), at the 
Marzili (PL D,6; cable-tramwaj-, see p. 183). — Warm Baths in the Somraer- 
Iftistbad, Hirschen-Graben 44 (PL B, 4); Central- Bad, Marktgasse 41; 
baths in the Hot. Favorite (see above). 

Cabs, for 1/4 hr. 1-2 pers. 1 fr., 3-4 pers. 1 fr. 60 c. ; 1/2 ^^'' 1 fi- ^^ «• 
and 2 fr. ; 1 hr. 21/2 and 3 rr. Two-horse: same fares as for 3-4 pers. with 
one horse. Box 30 c., small articles free. From 10 p.m. to 6 a.m., double 
fares.- Motor Cabs, for 1-2 pers. in the town up to 600 metres 80 c., 
every 200 metres more 10 c. ; 3-5 pers., or 1-5 persons outside the town 
for the first 500 metres 80 c, every 150 metres more 10 c, at night (9-7) 
the first 260 metres 70 c, every 126 metres more 10 c. ; every 3 min. of 
waiting 10 c. (hour 2 fr.); 60 lbs. of luggage 60 c. 

Electric Tramways, every 5 min. Line I: From the Boars' Dm 
through the chief street to the rail, station, and thence to the Hremgartcn 
Forest (Cemetery). — Line II: Lilnggasse (Hremgarten Forest) Railway Sta- 
tion-Sulgenhach-WeisHenbllhl (road to the; (rllrbetal Railway)-S(h5negg-Wa- 
hern rGUrbetal and Gurten railways). - Line III. Burgornziol-Thunplatz- 
Kirchenfeld-Zeitglockrn-Rreitonrain-Platz. -Line IV. Railwiiy Stiition- 
lirUckfcld-Neubrlick-Str.-Bremgarteu Forest. — F;in^ for tlic first section 

182 1^11- J^onte4S. BEEN. Situation. 

10 c, each following section 6 c. — Steam Tramicay from the Kirchen- 
feld to Muri (p. 181), Gtimligen (p. 189), and (6V4 M., in 33 min.) Worb 
(p. 176). 

Post, Telegraph, and Telephone Office (PI. C, D, 3), near the 
railway-station, open on week-days from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m., Sun. 9-12; 
several branch-offices. 

Theatre in the Kornhaus-Platz (PI. E, 3); in winter only. — Intimes 
Theater (Apollo- Theater), Langgasse (comedies, operettas, variety perform- 
ances). — Summer Theatre at the Schanzli (p. 188). 

Casino, near the Kirchenfeld Bridge (PI. E, 4), by Lindt & Hoffmann 
(1906-9), with assembly and concert rooms, restaurant, and garden-terrace 
high above the Aare valley (*View of the Alps). 

British Minister, Esvie W. Hoivard: chancellery, Feldeckweg 6 
(office-hours 10.30-12.30) ; Consul, Gaston de Muralt^ Christoffelgasse 4 (11-12 
and 3-4). — American Minister, Laurits S. Swenson; Consul, George 
Heimrod (10-12 and 2-4). 

^English Church (St. Ursida^sJ, Jubilaumsplatz, Kirchenfeld; ser- 
vices at 8, 10.30, and 5; chaplain, Eev. Richard H. Pring, Muristrasse 9. 

Official Enquiry Office (Verkehrs- Bureau)^ at the E. corner of the 
railway-station, Bdbenberg-Platz, open 8-7, Sun. 10-12. — Money Changed 
at the National Bank, Bundesplatz (PL D, 4); Eidgenossische Bank and 
Verei?isbank, both in the Bubenberg-Platz ; Volksbank, Christoffelgasse 6; 
Cantonal Bank, Baren-Platz 8). — Travelling Requisites : E. Dethleffsen & 
Co., Spitalgasse 41. 

Attractions. Visit the 'Kleine Schanze' and walk past the Federal 
Palace to the Kirchenfeld Bridge and the Historical Museum; then to the 
Minster (Minster Terrace); follow the Kreuzgasse to the Rathaus; cross 
tlie Nydeck Bridge to the Bears' Den; return past the Zeitglockenturm 
to the Kornhaus-Platz and cross the Kornhaus Bridge to the Schanzli ; 
cross the railway-bridge to the Art and Natural History Museums. 

Bern (1765'), the capital of Canton Bern, with 80,000 inhab., 
has been the seat of the Swiss government since 1848. It is also 
the seat of a university and of the Central Office of the Interna- 
tional Postal Union. The city, in a striking situation, is built on a 
peninsula of sandstone-rock, formed by the Aare, which flows 100' 
below. The streets in the old part of the town are flanked with 
arcades (Lauhen), which form a covered way for foot-passengers. 
One of the chief characteristics of Bern are its numerous fountains, 
mostly dating from the 16th century. In other respects also it retains 
more mediseval features than any other large town in Switzerland. 

Founded by Duke Berthold V. of Ziihringen in 1191, the town became 
independent of the Empire in 1218. By 1288 its powers had so increased 
that it warded off two sieges by Rudolph of Hapsburg, and in 1339 the 
Bernese overthrew the Burgundian nobles at the battle of Laupen (p. 268). 
In 1353 Bern joined the Confederation, and in 1528 the citizens embraced 
the reformed faith. In 1415 they conquered part of Aargau, and in 153B 
they wrested the Pays de Vaud from the princes of Savoy; but in 1798 
they were deprived of these territories. 

Bern is celebrated for its splendid *Views of the Alps, and the 
phenomenon of the 'Alpine glow' (p. xvii) is seen here to great advantage. 
The most important mountains are marked in the annexed Panorama. 
Frora other points (the Bundes-Terrasse, Kleine Schanze, GrroBe Schanze, 
Kursaal Schanzli, the Casino Terrace, and the Enge) the following 
mountains also are visible: to the right of the Doldenhorn, the Balmhorn 
(12,175') with the Altels (11,930'; 37 M. distant), and, over the Gurtcn, the 
bell-shaped summit of the Stockhorn (7196'; 18 M.); also, to the extreme left, 
the peaks of the Spanndrter (10,605'; 53 M.) and the Schlossberg (10,286'; 

Bimdeshaus. BERN. ^^^- Route 43. 133 

64 M.), l^oth in the canton of Uri; the crest of the BeicMen near Escholz- 
matt (6810'; 24 M.), and the Feuer stein above the Entlebuch (6700'; 30 M.). 

To the S. of the railway station is the Bubenberg-Platz (PL 
C, 4) , the centre of the tramway traffic , where a Monument to 
Adrian von Bubetiberg (1424-79), the defender of Morat against 
Charles the Bold, was erected in 1897 from a design by Leu. On 
the right is the Church of the Holy Ghost, the interior of which 
is a pleasing example of the Eegency style (1727-29); apply to the 
sacristan (see notice on the church -door). — The Christoffelgasse 
leads hence to the *Kleine Schanze (PL C, 4), with its prome- 
nades, which afford a superb survey of the Aare Valley and the 
Bernese Alps (mountain -indicator on the upper terrace). In the 
grounds is a Monu7nent to the International Postal Union ^ by 
E,ene de Saint-Marceaux (the five quarters of the globe whirling 
round the sphere), erected in 1909. To the W. is a bust of Niggeler 
(d. 1887), the Swiss 'Turnvater' ('father of gymnastics'). 

To the E. of the Kleine Schanze rises conspicuously the 
•^Bundeshaus, or Federal Palace (PL D, 4), a handsome edifice 
in the Florentine style. The Bimdeshaics-West, built by Stadler 
and Studer in 1852-57, contains the political department, the 
departments of the interior and justice, the federal library, etc. 
In front of it, in the Bundesgasse, is a fountain-figure of Berna, 
in bronze, by R. Christen (1863). The Bundeshaus-Mittelhau or 
Parliamentary Building, a fine domed structure by Auer (1894- 
^ 901), contains the chambers of the two legislative assemblies (the 
'Nationalrat' and the 'Stiinderat'; open free, daily, 8.30-11.30 and 
1.30-5.30, Sun. 10.30-12 and 1.30-5, in winter 9-11.30 and 1.30-4). 
Outside the entrance are two colossal seated bronze figures of An- 
cient and Modern Historians, by Reymoud ; above the pediment 
rises the statue of Swiss Independence, witlr allegorical figures of 
the Legislative and Executive Powers, by Niederhausern. Hand- 
some staircase. The chamber of the Nationalrat is embellished with 
a large *Eresco by Ch. Giron, 'The Cradle of the Confederation' 
(Lake of Lucerne; best seen from the visitors' gallery, opposite). 
The Bundeshaus-Ost, erected from Auer's designs in 1888-92, 
accommodates the departments of war, manufactures, and agricul- 
ture. — Passages between the three buildings lead to the ^Bundes- 
Terrasse, adjoining the S. fagade, with a splendid view of the Alps. 
The S. facade of the middle building, towards the Aare, bears a 
mosaic frieze decorated with the coats-of-arms of the 22 Swiss 
cantons; on the cornice are six statues (Farmer, Merchant, and 
Scholar by Albisetti, Soldier, Artizan, and Artist by A. Lanz). — 
Cable -tramway to the Marzili quarter (p. 181). 

The chief artery of traffic is a series of broad streets, the 
Spitalgasse, Marktgassc, Kramgassc!, and (rrrcclitigki'ilsgassc, which 
extend from the Bubenberg-Platz (PL C, 4) to the Nydeck liridgc 

184 III- Rente 43, BERN. Kornhaus. 

(p. 185), a distance of nearly a mile (tramway, see p. 181). In 
the Spitalgasse is the pretty Bagpiper Fo^mtain, dating from 
the early 16th century. At the beginning of the Marktgasse, where 
the Baren-Platz and the Waisenhaus-Platz mark the W. limit of 
the town down to 1346, stands the Kdfigturm (PI. D, 3), restored 
in the 17th century. The Marktgasse contains the fine Schiltzen- 
Brunnen {Archer Fountain; 1527) and the Seiler-Brunneyi, the 
latter with a statue of Anna Seller, the foundress of the lusel 
Hospital (p. 188). Farther on, beyond some interesting old guild- 
houses (Weavers, Smiths, Carpenters) and the Kornhaus -Platz, is 
the Zeitglockenturm (PI. E, 3, 4), the A¥. gate of the old town, but 
now its central point, rebuilt in the 15-17th cent., and decorated 
with modern frescoes. On the E. side is a curious clock, which 
proclaims the approach of each hour by the crowing of a cock, 
while just before the hour a troop of bears marches in procession 
round a sitting figure. Being the heraldic emblem of Bern, the 
bear frequently recurs. Thus, on the Zdhringer-Brunnen (PL E, 
3, 4), in the Kramgasse, Bruin appears with shield, sword, banner, 
and helmet. The Samson Fountain and the ^GerechtigJceits- 
Brunnen (1543), in the Gerechtigkeitsgasse, also deserve notice. 

The Kornhaus-Platz (PL E, 3) is embellished with the gro- 
tesque Kindlifresser-Bru7inen (Ogre Fountain)^ with a procession 
of armed bears on the shaft of the column. The Kornhaus (PL 
E, 3), built in 1711-16, rebuilt and fitted up as an Industrial 
School in 1896, contains in the basement the Kornhaus- Keller 
(restaurant, p. 181), pleasantly decorated in the early-Bernese 
style. On the upper floor is the cantonal Industrial Museum (open 
gratis, except Mon., 9-12 and 2-5, Sun. 10-12, and onFrid. evening, 
7-9) ; the staircase is adorned with an allegorical fresco painting 
by Miinger. — Next the Kornhaus is the Theatre, Avith ceiling- 
paintings by F. Bieler. Behind, in the Zeughausgasse, is the new 
Police Office and the French Church, built about 1270 but 
frequently altered, so that the exterior is now in the style of the 
early 18th cent., while the interior is early Grothic (adm. 1-3 pers. 
50 c, more than 3, 1 fr. ; verger, Marktgasse 22); frescoes of the 
13th cent, and of 1495 and 1504. — Opposite, at No. 17 Zeughaus- 
gasse, is the — 

Swiss Alpine Museum, established in an old municipal 
house in which the International Postal Union was founded in 1874. 

The museum (adm. 9-12 a.m. and 1.30-6 p.m., 50 c.; Sun. 10.30-12. .30 
and 2-4, free; printed guide 40 c.) contains admirable relief- models of 
Swiss mountains (Sentis group, by A. Heim : Matterhorn, by Imfeld ; 
Jungfrau, by Simon); the chief works on mountain cartography (comp. 
p. xxix); Alpine JBora and fauna; life-saving apparatus used in the Alps; 
models of club-huts, etc. 

The imposing *Kornhaus Bridge, built in 1895-98, 390 yds. 
long, with six iron arches (main arch 400' in span and 157' above 

Minster. BERN. III. Route 4S. 185 

the river), leads from the Kornhaus-Platz over the deep valley of 
the Aare to the Kursaal Schanzli and the Spitalacker (p. 188). 

At the E. end of the Metzgergasse are the Old Catholic Church 
(PL F, 3), built in 1858-64, and the Rathaus or Cantonal Hall 
(PL F, 3), erected in 1406-16 in the Burgundian late-Grothic style 
and restored in 1862, with a modern fagade approached by a covered 
flight of steps, and adorned with the arms of the Bernese districts. 

On the E. side of Bern, where the old castle of Nydeck stood, the Aare 
is crossed by the Xydeck Bridge (PL H, 3), built in 1840-44 (tramway, see 
p. 181). The central arch has a span of 180' and is 100' high. On the right 
bank of the Aare is the Bears' Den (Bdre?igr-aben), where Bruin is main- 
tained, according to immemorial usage, at the cost of the municipality. 
Bread, cakes, and carrots for the bears are sold in the neighbouring booths. 
— From this point we may ascend to the right to the (1/4 hr.) Kirchenfeld 
Bridge (see below). 

The *Minster (PL F, 4), a fine late-Gothic edifice, 285' long, 
118' broad, and 77' high, was begun in 1421, completed in 1598, 
and restored in 1850. Round the roof runs a beautiful open 
balustrade, the design of which is different between each pair of 
buttresses. The sculptures of the ^W. Portal (end of 15th cent.) 
represent the Last Judgment ; in the outer arches are Christ, above, 
with the Virgin and John the Baptist on the left and right, and the 
Apostles; in the inner arches are the Prophets and the Wise and 
Foolish Virgins. The Tower, 328' high, was completed in 1890-94 
from plans by Beyer of Ulm (d. 1899). 

Interior (adm. 20 c. ; Sun., 2-G, free). The Stained Glass on the N. 
side of the Choir (one window representing the dogma of Transubstan- 
tiation) dates from 1496 ; that on the S. side is modern (1867). The Choir 
Stalls (1623) are adorned on the left side with Christ and the Apostles, 
on the right with Moses and the Prophets. A monument in memory of 
the huTgoma,Hter Friedrich von Steiger (d. 1799), in the left aisle, bears the 
names of the 702 Bernese who fell on 5th March, 1798, at the Grauholz 
and at Neuenegg, in an engagement with the French. In front of this is 
an Entom])ment in marble, by C. Tscharner (1870). The great organ dates 
from 1849 and has 60 stops (performance from end of June to mid-Sept, 
on Mon., Tues., Wed., and Frid. at 8.30 p.m.; adm. 1 fr.). — The gallery 
of the Tower (260 steps; 20 c, to the octagonal gallery 60 c. more) com- 
mands a magnificent view. 

The *MixsTER Terrace (PL F, 4), rising abruptly 110' above, 
the Aare, formerly the churchyard, is now a shady promenade with 
seats, adorned with a bronze statue of Berthold von Zdhringen, 
the founder of Bern (p. 182), by Tscharner (1847). The view is 
justly celebrated. From the S.E. corner an electric lift 115' in 
height (10 c.) descends to the quarter An der Matte, on the Aare. 

Tlie Miinster-Platz is adorned with an Equestrian Statue of 
Rt/dolph von Erlach, the victor at Laupen (p. 268), in bronzr, 
by Volmar (1848), and the mediaeval Moses Fountain. — From the 
Munst(;r-Platz we follow the Kessl(;rgassc to (No. 41) the Muni- 
cipal and University Library (200,000 vols.; reading-room with 
newspapers, open on week-days 10-12 and 2-7, Sat. 2-5). AVe then 
I urn U) the left past the Casino (p. 182) to tiic ^Kirchenfeld 

186 J II' Route 43. BERN. Historical Museum. 

Bridge (PI. E, 4), built in 1882-83, which crosses the Aare Yalley 
in two spans of 285' each, 115' above the Aare, and connects the 
old town with the Kirchei)feld quarter. 

Here, in the Helvetia-Platz, rises the ^Bernese Historical 
Museum (PL E, 5), a picturesque building in the mediaeval style, 
designed by Lambert. Above the entrance is a large mosaic with 
figures of History and Poetry, by P. Robert. The museum is open 
in summer on week-days (except Mon. morning), 8-12 and 1-6 (in 
winter 9-12 and 2-4), 50 c. ; Sun. 10.30-12 and 2-4, Tues. and Sat. 
afternoons free. 

Middle Floor (first entered). The vestibule contains an equestrian 
statuette of Adrian von Bubenberg (p. 183), by Lanz, and Roman mosaic 
pavements from Herzogenbuchsee (p. 24) and Toffen (p. 190). — To the 
left (E.) is the Ethnographical Collection, consisting chiefly of objects 
from N. America (G-reenland , United States , Canada), the islands of the 
Pacific (collection of Waber, the companion of Capt. Cook on his third 
voyage in 1778), China, Japan, India, Persia, Africa, Borneo, and Java. — 
To the right (W.j is the Archaeological Collection. Room I. Antiquities 
from lake-dwellings ; implements of the flint, bronze, and iron periods, 
and Roman remains; canoe; bronze vase from Grrachwi]. Room II. Gallo- 
Romau and Grormanic antiquities. Room III. Ancient Egypt, Greece, Italy. 

Ground Floor. SeveTsd Ea7'ly Swiss Rooms. Also old sledges and sedan- 
chairs, old printed books and presses, peasants' furniture and utensils, etc. 

Upper Floor. On the staircase are Ai'mour of the 15-16th cent., 
Weapons, and Banners, all from the Bern Arsenal. — To the right (E.) : 
Room I A (Burgundian Room). Weapons; Tapestry smd Einbroidery with 
the ducal arms of Burgundy, captured at Grandson (1476; p. 266). — 
Room IB (Ecclesiastical Room). To the right, Trajan's tapestry, with 
scenes from the life of Trajan after R. van der Weyden's lost frescoes 
in the town-hall of Brussels (15th cent.); embroidered Antepeyidia from 
Lausanne and the Abbey of Konigsfelden (p. 28), of the 13-15th cent. 
Ecclesiastical Vestments of the 14 -16th cent.; Stained Glass.— Room II. 
Bernese Costumes; paintings of costumes; fans; embroideries. — Room III 
(Silver Chamber). About 100 silver Guild, Family, and Church Cups; 
badges of the Bernese guilds; ^Diptych, made at Venice after 1290 for 
King Andrew of Hungary, presented before 1357 to the Convent of Konigs- 
felden by his widow, the Queen Agnes, and in Bern since the Reforma- 
tion ; the original MS. of the ' Wacht am Rhein' by Max Schneckenburger 
(1840). — To the left (W.) of the staircase: Room IV. Four tapestries 
with the history of Caesar (15th cent.); old porcelain, stoneware, glass, tin; 
carved coffers; sideboard of 1572; magistrates' chairs; beadles' and judges' 
staves; seals; embroidered surplices. From the oriel-window there is a 
tine view of the town. — Room V. Views of Bern in the 17 -18th centuries; 
wood-carvings; old watches and standard measures; pottery made in the 
canton of Bern; baking moulds; musical instruments, etc. — Room VI. 
Room from the chateau of Landshut, in Canton Bern , with panelling of 1628. 
— On the upper landing, modern Swiss weapons and uniforms. 

On the S.W. side of the Kirchenfeld are the S"wiss National 
Library, with 120,000 vols, (reading-rooms open on week-days 
10-12 and 2-7, Sat. 2-5), and the Federal Record Office, the Topo- 
graphical Institute, and opposite, to the E,, the Federal Mint. 

An interesting walk may be taken from the Helvetia-Platz as follows : 
through the Thun-Str. (PI. F, G, 5; tramway) to the (V2 ^0 Ddhlholzli 
Park, near the Thun-Platz, with its extensive wooded grounds; then from 
the Thun-Platz through the Semina.r-Strasse, where we get a fine view of 
the Alps, the Muri-Strasse, and the Grosse Muristalden, with a view of 


Art Museum. BEEN. II r. Route 43'. 187 

the Federal Palace, Minster, etc., to the (1/2 M.) Bears' Den (p. 185), 
whence we may take the tramway to the rail, station. 

The *Art Museum {Kunst- Museum ; Vl. D, 2), Waisenhaus- 
Str. 12, built in 1879, is open on week-days, 9-12 and 1-5 (adm. 
50 c.; free on Tues. and on Sun., 10.30-12 and 2-4; catalogue 50 c.). 

Ground Floor. Two rooms to the left contain sculptures and casts. 

— The vestibule of the Upper Floor contains paintings by F. Ilodler 
(no No., Sensibility; 249. The undeceived; no No., William Tell; 251. Day; 
250. Eurythmia; 248. Night). On the left, three cabinets with early pic- 
tures: 36, 37. H. Bichler (Bern, 15th cent.). Annunciation; 243. J. Heintz 
(Bern, 1564-1609), The artist and his brothers and sisters. — H. Bichler, 
31. SS. Peter and Christoph, 32-35. Scenes from the life of John the Bap- 
tist; 324. Nic. Manuel Deutsch (Bern, 1484-1520), Nativity of the Virgin and 
St. Luke the Evangelist. — 54. Boltrafflo, The painter Franc. Melzi. Ad- 
joining are four rooms with works by modern painters. Room I. *88. 
E. Buriiand, Descent from the Alp; 353. F. Millet, Portrait; 14^. Botticelli, 
Two fragments of the 'Magnificat'. — Room II. 40. E. Bieler, Falling leaves ; 
229. A. Gos, Alps of Valais; *52. A. Bocklin, Idyl of the sea; 466. A. 
Stcibli, Thunderstorm in Ticino ; 79. Louise Breslau, Twilight; 266. Annie 
Hopf, Prayer-meeting; *447. H. Sandreuter, At the gate of Paradise; 99. 
G. Castan, Lake of Oeschinen; 382. E. de Pury, Home-coming in Venice. 

— Room III. 247. F. Hodler, Portrait of himself ; 86. F. Buchser, The anti- 
quary ; K. Stauffer, *469. A crucified man, 474. Study of a head, 471. Mother 
of the artist, 472. Sister of the artist, 477. Study of a skull; 510. B. Van- 
tier, Saying grace; 343. A. de Meuron, Chamois-hunter; 429. P. Robert, 
Echo; 11. Anker, Grandfather's prayer; *295. R. Roller, Strayed cow; 
415. Ritz, Engineers in the mountains; 90. Al. Calame, Waterfall near 
Meiringen. — Room IV. 92. Arthur Calame, Lake of Geneva at Hermance; 
227. Ch. Giron, The model; 8. Anker, School examination; 321. A. Lu- 
Oardon, On the Riffel; 126. Fr. Diday, Alpine chalet; above, 41. E. Bieler, 
The source; 10. Anker, Soup of the poor; 512. Veilton, Lake of Brienz ; 
224. K. Girardet, Battle of Morat. — Room V. *228. Giron, Wrestling- 
match in the High Alps; 7. P. Anastasio, Ad bestias (Christian martyrs 
in the arena); 203. K. Gehri, Golden wedding. — Room VI. 122. Plinio Co- 
lombi. Thaw; 473. K. Stauffer, Portrait of the sculptor Klein (sketch); 
-87. M. Buri, After the funeral. 

Opposite is the Natural History Museum (PL D, 3) ; adm. 
in summer, Tues. and Sat., 2-4, and Sun., 10.30-12 and 2-4 (in 
winter 11-2), free; on other days, 8-12 and 2-6 (in winter 2-4), 
adm. 50 c. 

Ground Floor. In the entrance-hall are busts of A. von Haller (see 
|). 188) and E. L. Gruner (d. 1883), the geologist. The room to the riglit 
contains tlie Collection of Mijierals, which includes two cases of magnificent 
crystals from the St. Gotthard and another with large black crystals from 
the Grimsel and the Tiefen Glacier (p. 158). Bust of B. Studer (d. 1887). 
'I'o the left is the Palacontoloyical Collection, rich in Alpine fossils. 
Perfect skeletons of the Irish elk and the cave-bear. Relief of the Bernese 
Oberland hy Ed. Beck. On the staircase are collections of antlers.- 
On the first and second floors is the ZooUnfical Collection. In the central 
saloon (1st floor), with ceiling-frescoes Ijy Baldancoli, are large ruminants. 
In the room on the left, birds. In the room on the right, maninialia. 
Adjacent, a small room devoted to the Swiss fauna; Barry, fho ccb'ijrated 
St. Bernard dog. On the 2nd floor, to the left, rej)tiles, anijdiilda, fish, 
corals, and sponges; to the right, molluscs, crabs, insects, echinodermata, 
and worms. 

Adjoining the Museum on the S.E. is a large School BnildiiHi 
(P). i),'3j. --Thebiiildin<rtothe N. of the niilway-staiion (PI. (-, 3) 
contains the interesting Swiss Kdiu-ational Kxhibitioii (ground- 

188 I J I- Jiontc4S. BERN. SchciuzU. 

floor; daily, except San., 9-12 and 2-5, gratis), the Pharmaceutical 
Insfitute (1st floor), and the Zoological and Mineralogical-Geo- 
logical Institutes (2nd floor). Opposite is the handsome new Post 
Office (p. 182), containing a postal museum. 

The grounds on the Grosse Schanze (PL B, C, 3), above the 
station to the W., afford an extensive panorama (small view-tov/er 
on the Martinshubel). At the top are the Observatory (1880'), 
the University (founded in 1834; 2000 students), the building of 
the Administration of the Swiss Federal Railways, and the Wo- 
men's Hospital. In front of the University is a statue of Alhrecht 
von Haller (1708-77), the physician and poet, by H. Siegwart 
(1908). Farther on are the Physiological Institute, the Chemical 
Laboratory, the Anatomical Institute (PI. A, 2), the Church of 
St. Paul (1905), and the cantonal Higher Seminary. 

To the W. of the town, in the continuation of the Laupen-Strasse 
(PI. A, 3, 4), are the large Inselspital, a hospital on the pavilion system 
(1880-84), originally founded in 1354 in the Inselgasse (comp. p. 184), the 
University Clinical Institutes, and the Children's Hospital. 

Crossing the Kornhaus Bridge (p. 184) we reach (^/g M.) the 
*Kursaal Schanzli (PI. E, 2), with a cafe-restaurant, summer 
theatre, gambling room, a terrace, and grounds commanding per- 
haps the finest view near Bern, with the picturesque city in the 
foreground. Concerts, see p. 181. — Between the Schanzli and the 
railway bridge is the Botanic Garden, with large hothouses and 
an interesting collection of Alpine plants. — In the new quarter of 
the SpitalacJcer and Beundenfeld (PI. E-H, 1, 2) are the Church 
of St. John (PI. F, 1) and the Military Establishments (PI. H, 1) 
of Canton Bern, with a balloon station. 

About 1 M. to the N., beyond the Laio Courts and the Deer Park 
(comp. PI. C, 1, 2), is the *Innere Enge (cafe, p. 181), rising high 
above the Aare, with promenades and view of the town and the Alps. 
Monument to Gottlieb Studer (1804-90), the Alpine authority. Adjacent is 
the beautiful Bremgarten Forest, with marked paths; one of its prettiest 
points is the Glasbrunnen, 1/2 hr. from the Enge and 25 min. from the 
tramway terminus in the Langgasse. — Beyond the Enge the walk may be 
prolonged, past the Pens. Jolitnorit and through fine beech-woods, to the 
(40 min.) Aare, opposite the chA,teau of Reichenhach (ferry and brewery). 
The return may be made via Worblaufen and thence by a shady avenue 
past the drill-ground and barracks to the (IV4 hr.) Kornhaus Bridge (p. 184). 

Trips on the Aare every Thurs. and Sun. at 3 p. m. from the pre- 
mises of the Nautical Club on the right bank of the Aare below the Korn- 
haus Bridge, following the windings of the river in I1/4 hr. to Neubruck, 
prettily situated 7 M, below Bern, with stay, if desired, at Schloss Reichen- 
hach (see above). The trips are made on two coupled boats with broad 
bottoms ('Weidlinge') and are perfectly safe. 

The view from the *Gurten (2825'), a long green hill to the 

S. of Bern, embraces, besides the Bernese Alps (comp. panorama on 

p. 181), the Stockhorn chain, the Fribourg Alps, the Jura for a 

distance of 100 M., with parts of the Lake of Neuchatel, and, to the 

left, the Unterwald and Lucerne Mts. as far as Pilatus. Electric 

tramway (see p. 181) every 20-30 min. from the Bubenberg-Platz 

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Gurten. BERN. HI- Route 43. 189 

in 16 miu. to Gross-Wabei'n (1895'), whence an electric cable 
railway (station 5 min. up the hill; ascent 1 fr. 20, descent 60c., 
return 1 fr. 50 c. Sun. 80 c.) ascends in 10 min. to the terminus of 
Gv/rten-Kulm (2770'), with a large restaurant and the *H6t.-Pens. 
Gurten-Kulm (60 beds, R. from 31/2, B. li/.^, L. SVg, D. 4, pens. 
9-15 fr.). There are two points of view: one to the W., 3 min. to 
the right of the station, beyond the hotel; and a finer one to the E., 
5 min. to the left of the station with a signal. — Pedestrians may 
ascend from the station of the cable-line by a shady path in ^j^ hr. 
From Bers to Schwarzenburg , 13 M. , railway in l-l^/a hr. (2n{l 
class 2 fr. 10, 3rd cl. 1 fr. 50 c). The train follows the Griirbetal railway 
(see below) to (2 M.) Fischer mattli^ whence it ascends to the right via 
(31/2 M.) Koniz to the plateau of Gasel (2140'). Beyond (62/4 M.) Nieder-Scherli 
(2010') it crosses the deep valley of the ScJie7'libach by a bridge 49 yds. 
in length. — 8 M. Mittelhdusern. Farther on we cross the Schwarzwassei- 
near its junction with the Sarine by a bridge 187 yds. in length and 210' 
high, parallel with the bold bridge of the road constructed in 1883, which 
spans the river by an iron arch 122 yds. in width. From (11 M.) Lanzen- 
Miusern (2460') a visit may be paid to the (20 min.) romantic ruin of 
Grashurg. — IS M. Sch'warzenbiirg (2605'; Bar, pens. 4-7 fr.; Sonne), 
an attractive village with an old chapel and a picturesque parish-church 
in the neighbouring Wahlern, is a starting-point for the baths of Otten- 
leue, Schwefolberg, the Schwarzsee-Bad, etc. (comp. pp. 250, 271). Diligence 
daily via (5 M.) Riffenmatt (3530'; Hirsch) to (6 M.) the pleasant village 
of Gugyisberg (3667'; Stern) at the N. foot of the Pfeife (p. 250). 

44. Prom Bern to Thun. 

a. Federal Railw^ay (via MunsingenJ. 

I8V2 M. Railway in Vrl hr. (3 fr. 25, 2 fr. 30, 1 fr. 65 c). View to 
the 7Hght as far as Munsingen; thence to Uttigen on the left. — Through- 
trains from Bern to Interlaken {Thunersee Railway, p. 193). 

Bern, see p. 180. On the Wyler Feld (p. 25) the train turns to 
the right. — 2^2 M. Ostermundingen. — 4^2^- Gumligen (1850'; 
Hot.Mattenhof, well spoken of), junction forLucerne (p. 177). About 
27* M. to the E. is the Pension Dentenberg (2325'); the Giebel 
(74 hr.) commands a fine view. — 8 M. Ruhigen; 10 M. Munsingen 
(Lowe, pens, from 5 f r. ; Pens. Chalet Sonneck, 16 beds, pens. 
472-5^/2 fr.), a village with 2320 inhab. and the large cantonal 
lunatic asylum. On the right rise the Stockhorn and Niesen, on the 
left the M(iiich, Jungfrau, Blumlisalp, and (farther on) Eiger. — 
12 M. Wii'htrach. — From (13^/2 M.) Kiesen a road ascends by 
Diesbach fp. 25; in 272 hrs., and a foot-path via Brenzikofen in 
2 hrs., to the Falhenfluk (3540'; *Pension, 472-5 fr.), a health- 
resort with a charming view. — Near (I572 ^0 Uffitjen we cross 
the Aare. — IH^/^ M. Than (p. 190). 

b. Giirbetal RailAvay (vid Bel/p). 
21 M. Raii.wav in I-IV4 hr. ; fares (no Ist cl.) 2 fr. 30, 1 fr. 66 c. 
The (j/ilrbetal Rallvxiy divergc^s to th(; left from ih(; Lausanne 
line and desrrihes a curve towards ilie S.K. — 2 M. Hern- Fisrhcr- 

190 ^11' Route 44. THUN. Bernese 

mdttell (to Schwarzenburg, see p. 189); 3 M. Bern-Weissenbilhl : 
4 M. GrosS'Wahern (to the Grurten, see p. 188). — 6 M. Kehrsatz. 
To the right a road (diligence twice daily in 56 min.) ascends via 
Englisberg to (3V2 M.) Zimmerwald (2815'; *H6t.-Pens. Beau-S^jour, 
pens. 6-8 fr.), charmingly situated, whence the Biitschelegg (3470'; inn), 
with an extensive view, may be ascended in Vj^ hr. 

Near (8 M.) Belp (1720', Kreuz), a village with 2345 inhab., 
the railway approaches the Gurhe. Near the station is the Pens. 
tSchloss Oberried (20 beds, pens. 5-7 fr.), with a large park. 

Pleasant excursion to theS.E. to the (lV4hr.)Belpberg (2935'; splendid 
view). The descent may be made to (1/2 hr.) Gerzensee (2110': *Bar, pens. 
4V2-6V-2 f !'• ; Kreuz ; fine view), and thence via the Talgut (*Restaurant), 
beautifully situated on the Aare, to (Va hr.) Wichtrach station (p. 189). 

The line skirts the left bank of the Giirbe via (10 M.) Toffeii 
and (11 72 ^O Kaufdorf (to the Biitschelegg, see p. 189, direct path 
in 1 hr.). — 13 M. Thurnen, station for the Gurnigelhad. 

To THE G-iTRNiGELBAD, l^j^ M. ; Carriage and pair, to be ordered before- 
hand at the baths, 30 fr. and fee. The road leads to the right via Kirchen- 
thurnen to (21/2^-) Riggisberg (2500'; Sonne), and thence to the left to 
(21/2 M.) Rati (2710'), in a wood-girt valley, and (1/2 M.) Dilrrbach (2736'; 
inn), beyond which we ascend steeply by the Laasweid and through the 
Gurnigelwald to the (2 M.) *Gurnigel-Bad (3800'), a favourite health- 
resort, with a spring impregnated with lime and sulphur, situated on a 
broad plateau (open June Ist-Sept. 15th ; 400 beds, R. 5-12, board 8-12 fr. ; 
rooms should be engaged in advance in July and August). 

Extensive wood-walks in the environs: to (40 min.) Seftigschwand 
(3615'); to the (40 min.) *Bellevue Pavilion (3620'; restaurant), with view of 
the Alps from the Pilatus and Titlis to the Stockhorn ; past the Lashofe 
to the (^/4hr.) Lmigenei-Bad (2900'); to the (1 hr.) Gurnigelberg (6060'); 
to the (11/2 hr.) Seelibilhl (6750'), etc. — Over the Seelibiihl-Grat to the 
(3 hrs.) Schwefelberg-Bad or (3V2 hrs.) Ottenleue-Bad, see p. 250; over the 
Gantrisch to the Weissenburg-Bad (6-6 hrs.), see p. 249. 

15 M. Burgistein-Wattenwil (1870'). 

On an abrupt wooded hill, 2 M. to the S.W. , rises the conspicuous 
castle of Burgistein (2540'), with two lofty towers and a fine view of the 
Lake of Thun and the Alps. — A road (diligence to Wattenwil four times 
daily, to Blumenstein twice) ascends the valley of the Griirbe from the 
station of Burgistein-Wattenwil via the (IV4 M.) large village of Wattenwil 
(Bar) to (31/2 M.) Blumenstein (p. 193), at the foot of the Stockhorn (p. 249), 
6 M. to the S. of Thun. — About 3 M. beyond Wattenwil , 41/2 M. from 
station Burgistein-Wattenwil (carriages, to be ordered at the Kurhaus, with 
one horse 8, two horses 11 fr.), is the *H6t. & Kurhaus Staffelaip 
(3280'; 50 beds, pens. 5-9 fr.), with a charming view of the Lake of Thun 
and the Bernese Alps. Hence to the Gurnigel-Bad (see above), 3 M. 

The railway now runs to the E. Beyond (16 M.) Seftigen (1900') 
it traverses a long cutting and descends along the hillside to the 
valley of the Aare. 18 M. Uetendor f. ~ 21 M. Thun. 

Th.UIl. — Railway Stations. Thun, the chief station, on the N.W. 
side of the town (restaurant, D. IV2-2V2 fi*-) I Scherzligen (buffet), to the 
S. (for Interlaken), where passengers alight for the steamer. — The Steamer 
(p. 194) calls at Thun-Stadt, at Hofstetten, above the large hotels, and at 
Scherzligen, close to the railway-station (p. 193). 

Hotels. *Gk.-H6t. Thunerhof, a large first-class house, with a garden 
on the Aare, open May 16th-0ct. 1st, 200 beds, R. 4-12, B. 2, L. 4-6, D. 
5-7, pens. 10-25, omn. 1 fr. ; *Bellevue & du Parc (owned by the same 
company), with grounds, April Ist-Nov. 1st, 130 beds, R. 3-8, B. 1^/4, L. 3V2) 

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Oberland. THUN. ^^^- J^oute 44. 191 

D. 6, pens. 8-15 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Baumgarten & Victoria, with groimds, 
April 15th-0ct. 31st, 100 beds, R. 3-5, B. IV2, L. 31/2, I>- 4Va, pens. 8-12, 
omn. 1 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Beau-Rivage, on the Aare, April-Oct., 90 beds, 
R. 3-6, B. li/a, L. 3, D. 4, pens. 8-12 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Itten, May 15th- 
Nov. 1st, 150 beds at 3-4, B. II/2, L. 2V2, !>. 31/2, pens. 6V2-II fr. ; — 
*Schloss-H6tel Freienhof (PI. c), 80 beds, R. 21/2-0, B. I1/2, L. 2V2, D- 31/2, 
pens. 8-12 fr. ; *Falken (PI. a), with terrace on the Aare, R. 2-31/2, B. I1/4, 
D. 3, S. 21/2, pens. 6-9 f r. ; Hot. National, 48 beds from 21/2, pens, from 
eVz fr. ; Weisses Kreuz (PI. d), near the post-office, D. 3 fr. ; Krone, Rat- 
haus-Platz (PL RP), 35 beds, R. IV2-3, B. 1, D. 21/2, S. 2, pens. 51/2-7 fr. ; 
Schweizerhof ; Lowe (PL b;, 24 beds at 2-31/2, B. I1/4, D. 21/2, pens. 5-7 fr.; 
Hot. Emmental, pens. 6-7fr. ; Bear, Sauvage, Oerf, Schmieden, all un- 
pretending. — Pens. Alpenblick, with baths of various kinds, pens. 5-8 fr., 
well spoken of; Pens. Bellerive, at Hof stetten ; Maison Rose, 1 M. from 
the rail, station, with garden, pens. 5-7 fr. ; Pens. Hunibach, I1/4 M. from 
Thun on the Hilterfingen road, in summer only, 4-5 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Obere 
Wart, on the Jakobshiibeli (p. 192), 32 beds, pens. 5-8 fr. 

Restaurants (and confectioners). Balmer, opposite the Beau-Rivage; 
Cafe, BeHevtie, Schwabis- Promenade; GaHemnann (Tea Room), at the 

Kursaal with garden, beyond the Hotel Bellevue; concerts daily at 
4-5 (adra. 50 c.) and 8-10 p.m. (1 fr.). Day ticket, 1 fr. — Visitors' tax, 
each pers. per day 30 c. 

Cab to or from the station 1 fr. Carriage with one horse for the first 
hour 4, with two horses 7 fr., I1/2 hour 6 or IO1/2, 2 hours 7 or 12 fr. 

Baths in the very rapid and cold Aare, to the N. of the town, 50 c. 
Warm Baths at the Bdllitz Baths. — Boat on the lake, 3 fr. per hour, 
2 hrs. 5 fr., 3 hrs. 7, half-a-day 8, whole day 10 fr. 

Post & Telegraph Office (PL P), Ballitz-Strasse. — Enquiry Office 
near the Thunerhof. 

The Art Pottery of Thun has some reputation. One of the chief 
potteries is that of Wanzem^ied at Schwabis (depot in Thun-Hofstetten) ; 
others are at Heimberg (p. 192). Ceramic Museum at G. Beutter^s in Thun. 
— Silver Filigree Work at F. EngeVSj near the Aare bridge. 

English Chapel in the grounds above the Bellevue. — Roman Catholic 
Church near the Thunerhof. 

Thuji (1870'; pop. 7415), a quaint old town, charmingly situated 
on the rapid green Aare, ^/^ M. below its efflux from the lake, is a 
fitting portal to the beautiful Oberland. All the open spaces in the 
town command splendid views to the S.E. of the snowy peaks of the 
Blumlisalp and the Doldenhorn (see the Niesen Panorama, opposite, 
below, to the left), with the Niesen in the foreground and the Stock- 
horn chain to the left of it. Thun is the headquarters of the Swiss 
artillery, with barracks and training grounds. Below the town, on 
the right bank of the Aare, near the barracks, is the Federal station 
for cavalry remounts (about 600 horses). 

Above the town rises the bold square tower of the old Castle of 
Zdhrinyeu-Kyhurfj (1935'; Pl.S), with its corner-turrets, erected 
in 1182. It may be reached from the N. gate (^4 M. from the 
station, via the bridges); by a covered Might of steps from the 
market-place (PI. RP) in 5 min.; and from the S.E. by another tiighl 
of steps or by an easy path from the Hotel Baumgarten. The 
tower contains a historical museum (daily 10-4, adm. 50 c; Sun. 
10-2, free). A walk round the castle reveals beautiful views. Still 
more picturesque are the views from the Parish Church (PI. K; 

192 III- ^- 44.^3Iap, p. 190. THUN. 

built ill 1738) , to the S.E. of the castle, and from the pavilion 
in the corner of the churchyard. 

Walks. The shady Schicdbis Promenade along the Aare is reached 
via the former Bern Gate to the N.W. from the market-place. — Near the 
Thunerhof an avenue along the Gottibach ascends to the Eoman Cath. 
Church, short of which we diverge to the right to the English Church (see 
p. 191) and above it follow a well-shaded path to the (25 min.) Jakobs- 
hiibeli (2100'), which commands the lake , the Alps from the Finster- 
aarhorn to the Doldeuhorn, Thun, and the valley of the Aare (mountain- 
indicator; view somewhat impeded by trees). About 2 min. to the E. is 
the Hot. -Pens. Ohere Wart (p. 191). — Another walk is by the pro- 
menade on the right (N.) bank of the Aare and of the lake, across the 
Bdchimatt, with its fine old trees, and the Seematte, to the (25 min.) 
Seegarten, at the mouth of the HUnibach. From the Bachimatt we may 
cross the Aare by boat to Scherzligen (p. 193), with its ancient chapel 
and the chateau of Schadau, and thence return by a shady walk on the 
left bank of the Aare to (V2 hr.) Thun. — Near the JBdchigut, at the W. 
end of the Bachimatt, a new road ascends to the left to (3/^ M.) Eiedegg, 
where it forks: to the right to the hamlet of (1/2 M.) Hunibach (1970'); to 
the left in windings through the GrUsisberg wood to the (I1/2 M.) Wart- 
boden, on the Goldiwil road (see below). — From Hunibach (see above) or 
from the first bend of the new road above Riedegg (finger-post) we may 
proceed by shady paths to the picturesque Kohleren Ravine ^ where the 
brook forms several small falls between blocks of conglomerate. This 
path ascends to the Grlisisberg wood and the Goldiwil road (V2 hr. ; see 

The Goldituil Road (diligence from Thun via Goldiwil to Heiligen- 
schwendi thrice daily in 2^/3 hrs. ; one-horse carriage from Thun to Gol- 
diwil 7, two-horse 12 fr.), which diverges to the right from the Steffis- 
burg road at the '■Hilbeli\ a few hundred yards to the N. of the town 
(shorter path to the right at the Hot. -Pens. Baumgarten, with numerous 
guide-posts), leads along the slope of the GrUsisberg, the fine woods of 
which are intersected by numerous walks. Fine view of the town, the 
valley of the Aare, and the Stockhorn chain from the Rappenfluh (2890'; 
1 hr.). Hence we may return to the town, in a curve towards the N., 
via the Brandlisberg (2397') and the Hiibeli (1/2 hr.). — After about 21/4 M., 
on the Upper Wa7'tboden, the Goldiwil road joins the new road from 
the Bachimatt (see above) and divides. The left branch leads to (I1/2 M.) 
Goldiwil (3155'; *H6t. Jungfrau, pens. 6-7 fr., *TI6t.-Pens. Waldpark, 
pens. 5-7 fr., both finely situated; *Hdt.-Pens. Blumlisalp, pens. 6-51/2 fr.)^ 
the right to (2^4 M.) Heiligenschivendi (3324'), with a cantonal sanatorium 
for consumptives, 3/4 M. to the S.W. of which is the Haltenegg (3300'; 
Pens. Waldheim, 4-5 fr., plain but good), aflfording a magnificent view. 

Longer Excursions. To the N. of Thun, highroad (diligence to Steffis- 
burg, twice daily in 20 min. ; one-horse carr. 3 fr.) via Glockenthal (Pens. 
Lang-Diintz, 3V2-4 fr-) to (IV2 M.) the considerable village of Steffisburg 
(1930'; Landhaus Inn), on the Ztilg (rail, station, see p. 25), whence we may 
ascend in V2 hr. to the well-sheltered *SchnittiDeier-Bad (2625'; pens. 4-5 fr.), 
with its mineral spring and pretty walks. — From the Schnittweier-Bad 
a charming walk leads to the N.W. via (V4hr.) Hartlisberg (2395'; *H6t.- 
Pens. des Alpes, April 16th-0ct. 31st, pens. 6-8 fr. ; Pens. & Restaurant 
Bellevue), a health-resort (fine view), to (V2 hr.) Heimberg, chief seat of 
the majolica manufacture (station, see p. 25); return by tlie Bern road to 
(1 hr.) Thun. — About 6 M. to the N.E. of Stefiisburg (diligence from Thun 
daily in 2V2 brs., from Ober-Uiessbach, p. 24, twice daily in 1^/4 hr.) is 
the Schlegweg-Bad (3280'; 15th May-15th Oct., 120 beds, pens. 6-7 fr.), 
a health-resort with a chalybeate spring, in a verdant valley surrounded 
with wooded hills. Fine view from the Stauffen (1 hr.). — About 41/2 M- 
to the E. of Steffisburg (diligence from Thun twice daily in 2 hrs.) is the 
health-resort of Schivarzenegg {'6280'; Bar, pens. 6-6 fr. ; Pens. Schwarzenegg). 


DlRLIGEN. Map,p.i04.~IILR.45. 193 

— Thieracherti (1867'; Lowe), with fine view, 3 M. to the W. ; 3 M. farther 
to the W., Bad Blumenstein (2600'; pens, from 6 fr.) and the fall of the 
Fallback (road thence to the station of Burgistein-Wattemvil, p. 190). 

— Amsoldingen (Roman tombstones), 3^2^- to the S.W. The undulating 
district between the Stocken-Tal and Thun abounds in beautiful walks and 
mountain-views. • — The Stockhorn (7195'; from Blumenstein or Amsol- 
dingen 4Va hrs.), see p. 249. 

Electric railway from Thun to Burgdorf, see p. 25. 

45. Prom Thun to Interlaken. Lake of 


a. Thunersee Railw^ay. 

I61/2 M. Railway in 1 hr. (fares 4 fr. 30, 2 fr. 90, 2 fr. 5 c); from Bern 
to Interlaken in IV2-2VJ lirs- (fares 7 fr. 45 , 5 f r. 10 , 3 fr. 65 c). — 
The tickets are available also for the steamboat (see below). For a pro- 
longed stay on the lakes of Thun and Brienz the Mileage Tickets (3 fr. 
for 100 coupons) for rail and steamboat are advantageous and effect a 
saving of 20-30 per cent ; they may be had at all the railway and steam- 
boat offices. See also the Steamboat General Tickets (p. 194). 

Thun, see p. 190. — ^^M. Scherzligen (buffet), at the efflux of 
the Aare, close to the steamboat-pier (see p. 194). To the right, the 
.Stockhorn chain ; to the left, the Sigrisw^iler Grat and the Bernese 
Alps from the Wetterhorn to the Bliimlisalp. 2^/2 M. Givatt (1850'; 
Schafle ; Post). Beyond Strdttligen^ with its old tower, we cross the 
gorge of the Kander by a handsome bridge, 98' high. 

6^/4 M. Spiez (2070'). The station is high above the village 
(tramway, see p. 195) and affords a splendid view of the Lake of 
Thun and the mountains on its N. bank; in the foreground, Spiez 
with its chateau, and to the S.E. the Bernese Alps. — Railway to 
Montr eux, see p. 248; to Frutigen, p. 236. 

Beyond Spiez the line descends past the station of (8 M.) Faulen- 
see ("1987';, to the right above the village (p. 196), and skirts the 
S. bank, passing through three tunnels near Krattigen {*H6t. 
National, May Ist-Oct. 15th, 70 beds, pens. 6V2-I2 fr. ; Hot. & 
Kurhaus Oertlimatt, 60 beds, pens. 6-7 fr. ; Pens. Berna, from 5 fr.). 
— 12^2 M. Leissigen {"^Weisses Kreuz, with garden, pens. 5-7 fr. ; 
Hirsch, Steinbock, both unpretending but good), pleasantly situ- 
ated at the foot of the Morgenherghorn (p. 205; road to Aeschi, 
see p. 196). Beatenberg (p. 197) is visible high above the N. bank. 
— 14 M. Darligen C^Hot.-Pens. du Lac, 72 M- f^o"^ the station, 
on the lake, pens. 5-7 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. Bellevue, pens. 5-7 fr., well 
spoken of; Pens. Seller; Pens. Schdrz). Another tunnel. To the 
left, near the influx of the Aare, is the ruin of Weissenan. The 
train skirts the Aare Channel and reaches the station of (16 72 ^0 
Interlaken (p. 199). 

b. Steamboat Journey. 

Steamboat (restaurant on board, J). 2'/2^r-)» ^^ times daily in I'/a - *"^* 
(fare 2 fr. 75 c. or 1 fr. 96 c). Railway paBsongers wishing to go on 

Baedeker, Switzerland. 24th Edition. 13. 

194 11^' iioutc 45. OBEKHOFEN. Bernese 

by steamboat cbange at Scherzligen (see below), where, however, not all 
the steamers stoj). — General Season Tickets for the steamboats on the 
lakes of Thun and Brienz for 8 days 1st class 10, 2nd cl. 7 fr., 15 days 15 
and 11, 30 days 23 and 16 fr. — Mileage Tickets, see p. 193. 

The steamer (coiiip. p. 190) starts from Thun-Hofstetten and 
stops at rail. stat. Scherzligen (p. 193). To the right, on a pen- 
insula at the efflux of the Aare, stands Schloss Schadau, a tur- 
retted building in the English Gothic style, with a large park. 

The "^Lake of Thun (1840'), which the steamer now enters, 
is 11 M. long and nearly 2 M. wide; its greatest depth is 702'. The 
view from the steamer is magnificent. The Stockhorn (7195'), with 
its conical summit, and the pyramidal Niesen (7763') rise on the 
right and left of the entrance to the valleys of the Kander and 
Simme (p. 248). To the left of the Niesen are the glittering snow- 
fields of the Bliimlisalp ; on the right, the Friindenhorn, Doldenhorn, 
Balmhorn, Altcls, and Rinderhorn gradually become visible (from 
left to right). In the direction of Interlaken appear successively 
(from right to left) the Ebnefluh, Jungfrau, Monch, Eiger in the 
foreground, and farther off the Schreckhorn and Wetterhorn. 

The steamer skirts the N. bank and passes the pretty village 
of Hilterfingen {^liot. WUdholz, 50 beds, pens, from 71/2 fi'- ; 
"^ Hot .-Fens. Be/Ze^•^^e, 60beds, pens. 572'^ ^^- \ *Hot.-Pens. Hilfer- 
fingeny 45 beds, pens. 6-8 fr. ; "^Pens. Schonbilhl, higher up, 4^2- 
7^2 f^- 1 Pens. Man Desir). To the left is the chateau of Hilnegg. 
in the French Renaissance style. The boat touches at — 

Oberhofen {*Hdt. Victoria, 90 beds, R. 21/2-7, B. IV4, L. 3, 
I). 31/2, pens. 6-10 fr. ; ^Hot.-Pens. May, 110 beds at 2-4,' pens. 
7-10 fr. ; * Park-Hotel, 50 beds, pens. 6-8 fr. ; *Krei(,z, pens. 6-7 fr. ; 
Pens. Villa Dragida, 5-7 fr. ; ^Pens. Oberhofen, 5-6^2 f^'- ; Hot. 
fSchonau, pens. 5-7 fr. ; Bar, pens. 51/2-6 fr. ; Pens. Zimmermann, 
5-51/2 fr.), which has a picturesque chateau of Count Harrach, and at — 

Gunten {"^ Park -Hotel, 95 beds, pens. 8-12 fr. ; "^ Hot. -Pens. 
Hirsch, with garden, 100 beds, pens. 6-10 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. du Lac, 
35 beds, pens. 51/2-7 fr. ; Pens. Elisabeth, 50 beds, 6-8 fr. ; Pens. 
Amez-Droz, 6-7 fr. ; Pens. Kreuz, 5 fr. ; Pens. Guntenmatt, 5-6 fr. ; 
all on the lake; Pens. Alpenrose and Pens. Schonberg, 10-15 min. 
higher up on the hillside, pens. 5-6 fr.). 

In the vicinity (1 M. from the lake) the water of the Guntenhach 
has formed a curious gorge with a waterfall (accessible in dry weather 
only).- -A beautiful view of tlie lake, the district between Thun and 
Bern , and the higher Alps , is obtained from the so-called *Nusshaum 
(2G25') , on the Erizbilhl , between Oberhofen and G-unten (about 3/^ hr. 
from each place). The route from Grunten leads through the interesting 
ravine of the Oertlibach, crossing the road to Aeschlen. 

A road (diligence in summer thrice daily in 1 hr. ; one-horse carriage 
from Grunten G-7, from Thun 10, two-horse 18 fr.) ascends from Grunten 
to (21/2 M.) Sigriswil (2626'; *Bar & Adler, May 1st- Oct. 15th, 80 beds, 
pens. 5-7 f r. ; Pe/ns. Alpenruhe, 51/2-6 fr. ; Pens. Edelweiss, 5V2-6 fr- ; Pefis. 
Erika, 41/2-5V2 fr- ; Chalet Reusser), a prettily situated village. The Blume 
(4577'; fine view) is ascended hence in 2 hrs. vi§, Schwanden. An interest- 


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Oberland. SPIEZ. HI- Route 45. 195 

ing path (4 his. , with guide) leads via Zelg and Wiler Allmend to the 
(2Va hrs.) Unter-Bergli Alp (5510'; fine views) on the Sigriswil-Grat, and 
thence via Oher-Bergli (5975') to the (IV2 hr.) top of the *Sigriswiler 
Eothorn ((3735'; final ascent very steep, for steady heads only). On the 
abrupt slope of the Sigi'iswil-G-rat towards the Justis-Tal (p. 198) is the 
Schafloch (5840'), a large ice-cavern, reached from Ober-Bergli by a giddy 
path in ^/^ hr. (guide, ice-axe, and torches necessary). 

The steamer now crosses the lake, at its broadest part, 4o — 

Spiez. — Electric Tramway from the steamboat pier to the railway- 
station in 8 min., 20 c. — Hotels (generally open in summer only). *Schloss- 
HoTEL ScHONEGG, 1/2 M. from the lake, near the rail, station, with garden 
and tine view, 140 beds, R. 3-6, B. IV2, L. 3, D. 4, pens. 10-15 fr. ; *Park- 
HoTEL BuBENBERG, fiuelv situated about 8 min. above the rail, station, 
100 beds, R. 3V.2-7, B. IVa/ L. 31/2, D. 5, pens. 8-16 fr. ; *GrR.-H6T. Spiezer 
HoF, by the pier, with garden and lake-baths, 140 beds, R. 3-6, B. IV2, 
L. 3, D. 4, pens. 8-12, omn. 1 fr. ; *H6tel Kurhaus & Pens. Blumlisalp, 
halfway between the lake and the railway, with fine view, 74 beds at 
3-6, B. 11/2, L. 3, D. 4, pens. 8-12 fr. ; *Hot.-Pens. Belvedere , 70 beds, 
pens. 7-12 fr. ; Hot. Bellevue, pens. 6-8 fr., very fair; *H6t.-Pens. Erica, 
36 beds at 2-31/2, B. I1/4, D. 31/2, S. 2-3, pens. 6-8 fr. ; Hot. Krone, 5 min. 
to the W. of the station, pens. 6-7 fr. ; Pens, du Lac, A^I^-T iy.; Hot.- 
Pens. Schlossli, near the station, 60 beds at 2V2-3V2, B. I1/4, D- 3, 
pens. 6-9 f r. , well spoken of; Hot. Bahnhof - Terminus , with the rail, 
restaurant and view, 60 beds at 21/2-I, B. IV25 D- ^^/i^ pens. 6-10 fr. ; 
*H6t.-Pens. des Alpes, 35 beds at 2-4, D. 21/2, pens. 6-8 fr. ; Hot. -Pens. 
Xiesen, 35 beds a^ 2-3, pens. 5-7 fr. ; Pens. Villa Seerose, 6-7 fr., well 
spoken of; *H6t.-Pens. Lotschberg, on the Wimmis road, pens. 6-8 fr. 

- Post Office at the railway-station ; Telegraph Office in the village. — 
Carriage from the rail, station or pier to Wimmis 4, with two horses 7 fr. ; 
to Faulensee-Bad 5 or 10 fr. ; to Aeschi 6 or 12 fr. — Baths in the lake, 
well fitted up (swimming baths and single cabins). — E^iglish Church 
Service in summer. — Roman Catholic Chapel, ^UM. from the station. 

The charmingly situated village of Spiez (3031 inhab.), with 

its picturesque old chateau and church (visitors admitted on 

Sun. and Thurs. 2-5 p.m.), is much frequented as a summer-resort. 

— Railway to Interlaken, Zweisimmen, and Frutigen, see pp. 193, 
248, and 236. 

The*!N'iesen (7763'), the conspicuous N. outpost of a mountain-chain ex- 
tending S. to the Albristhorn, may l)e ascended by four routes: by cable- 
tramway from MUlenen ; by bridle-paths and footpaths from Wimmis, Heus- 
tri^li-Bad, and Frutigen. — From Mulenen (p. 2.3(5; 4^4 M. ; railway from 
Spiez in 17 min., 70 or 50 c.) an electric Cable Tramway ascends to the 
top in 50 min. (fare 6 fr., descent 3, there and back 7, Sunday ticket 
5 rr.). The line (over 2 M. long, with a maximum gradient of 66 : 100) 
crosses the Kander and ascends rapidly straight up to the (1 M.) station 
of Schwandegg (5500'; restaurant; change of carriage), with a beautiful 
view (return-fare thus far 5fr.); thence to the CV4M.) station of Niescn- 
kulm (7683'), 2 min. below the summit (see p. 196). - From Wimmis (p. 248; 
2'V4 M. ; railway in 11 min., 50 or 35 c.; walk via Spiezioiler in l'/4 hr.), 
bridle-path in 5-5'/a hrs.; guide (unnecessary) or porter 10 f r. ; horse or 
mule 16-20 fr. The route (at first a narrow cart-track) skirts the S.IO. 
side of the Burgfluh. After 26 min. it crosses the Stfddenhach; 2 min. 
later, by a gate, is a finger-post indicating the bridle -path to the left 
('Niesen 3''/4 hrs.'), which ascends in zigzags through pastur(!H and wood, 
nassing the (2 hrs.) lifrgli Inn (4330'). The path crosses to the right 
hank of the Staldenhach near the chalets of Jhder staid en (4940') and windn 
nj) the slopes of the Niesen, pjjst tin; (thalets (»f (IV4 hr.) Obtr staid oi 
(5833'). The view first reveals itself beyond the (I'/a In.) Sfatdrnrgff 
(6346'), a sharp ridge connecting the Bfttfluh or Fro/tdx rghoru (7864') 


196 ITL E.45.~-Mapj p. 194. ^^SCHl. Bernese 

with the Niesen. Thence to the top I-I1/4 hr. more. — From the Heustrich- 
Bad (p. 286; 3V4 M. ; railway in 12 min., 60 or 45 c), bridle-path in 
41/9-5 hrs. (porter 10, horse 15-20 fr.)- The path ascends the grassy slopes 
behind the baths in zigzags. Wherever it divides, the steeper branch 
must be selected. We first reach (40 min.) an old lime-tree, with a bench. 
Then through wood (IV4 hr.) and over pastures, past the chalets of Schlech- 
tenwaldegg and the (1^/4 hr.) Hegern-Alp (6308'; milk), and in numerous 
windings to the (IV4 hr.) summit. — From Frutigen (p. 237) footpath in 
41/2-5 hrs., recommended on account of its gradual ascent. 

On the top, about 5 min. below the highest point, is the Hot. Nieseii- 
kulm (40 beds at 3-4, B. li/a, L. or D. 3-31/2 fr.). The **View vies with 
that from the Faulhorn (comp. the panorama, p. 191) ; the beautiful snow- 
clad Blilmlisalp is seen to great advantage. Best light towards sunset or be- 
fore 10 a.m. 

From Spiez to Aeschi, a road (41/2 M. ; diligence four times daily 
in 11/2 hr. ; 1 fr. 5 c.) leads via Faulensee-Bad (see below); another via 
Spiezioiler (p. 195) and the charmingly situated village of Hondrich (2493'; 
*H6t.-Pens. Altels, pens. 5-6 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Alpina, pens. 5-7 fr. ; Pens. 
Hirschen, from 5 fr.). Fine view from the Hoiidrich-Hilgel (2790'), with 
restaurant and belvedere, 1/2 hr. from Spiez. — A pleasant road leads also in 
2 hrs. from Leissigeii (p. 193) to Aeschi, via Krattigen. Walkers (1 hr.) 
may follow the Faulensee road from the rail, station and then (25 min.) as- 
cend the cart-track leading first to the right and then to the left (finger-post ; 
'/2 br.). The village of Aeschi (2818'; *IIot.-Pens. Blumlisalp, May 1st- 
Nov. ist, 80 beds at 21/2-5, B. I1/4, D. 3, S. 21/2, pens. 51/a-lO fr. ; *IJ6tel Bar, 
May-Oct., 70 beds at 2-4, B. I1/4, D. 3, S. 21/2, pens. 6-10 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. 
Post, May-Oct., 40 beds, pens. 41/2-6 fr. ; *Pens. Alpenhlick, 40 beds, 5-6i/2fr. ; 
*Hdt.-Pens. Niesen, 65 beds, pens. 5-7 fr.; Hot.-Pens. Baumgarten, 40 beds, 
pens. 5-7 fr. ; *Pens. Eden, 5-7 fr. ; Pe7is. Adelmatt, 4-5 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Bel- 
levue, 30 beds, pens. ^^Ir^^l^ fr. ; Pens. Friedegg, ^U M. from the village, 65 
beds, pens. 6-10 fr.), on the height between the Lake of Thun and the Kander- 
Tal, commands a charming view and is much visited as a health-resort. 
Numerous pleasant walks and excursions. Charming view from the Aeschi- 
Allmend (3974'; I1/4 hr.). From Aeschi to the Heustrich-Bad (p. 236), foot- 
path in 35 min.; to Mlilenen (p. 236), road in 3/^ hr. — From Aeschi to 
Saxeten, a pleasant route (6i/2hrs.). Road via ^escM-i^iecZ (3280'; Kurhaus 
& Pens. Schonbiihl, 5-71/2 fr.) to the (6 M.) Untere Sidd Alp (3418') in the 
iSuldtaZ; then a bridle-path, past the fine Pochten Fall, to the (I1/4 hr.) 
•Schlieren Alp (4675'); ascent to the left, via the Renggli Alp, to the 
(li/ahr.) Renggli or TanzbocLeli Pass (6168'), between the Morgenherg- 
horn and the Schwalmern; descent via the Innerberg Alp to (I1/2 hr.) 
Saxeten (p. 205). The Morgenberghorn (7385') may be ascended from Aeschi 
via the Aeschi- Allmend (view) and Brunni Alp in 5 hrs. (very interesting), 
or from the Renggli Pass in I-I1/4 hr. (guide necessary for novices ; comp. 
p. 205). The Schwalmern (8135'), ascended from the Renggli Pass in 3 hrs. 
with guide (toilsome), see p. 205. The Dreispitz (8274'), through the Suldtal 
via the Lattreien Alp and Obersuld Alp in 6 hrs., with guide, is not diffi- 
cult for experts and highly remunerative; the descent may be made to 
the Kiental (p. 237). 

From Spiez two black peaks are visible for a short time to the 
E., above the S. bank of Lake Brienz; that to the right is the 
Faulhorn, that to the left (the broader) the Schwarzhorn. The 
next station on the S. bank is Faulensee (p. 193) , above which 
(2 M. from Spiez; motor-omnibus in 12 min., 75 c.) is the Faulen- 
see-Bad (2330'; *H5t. Victoria, 130 beds, R. 3-7, B. IV2, L- 31/21 
D. 5, pens. 8-14 fr. ; Eng. Ch. Serv. in summer; resident physician), 
with a mineral spring, pleasant grounds, and beautiful view. 

On the N. bank we observe the Rhrn^t Sigriswil-Grat , with 

Oberland. BEATENBERG. Map, p. 194.-111. R.45. 197 

the bold Ralligstocke (5452'), the Sigriswiler Bothorn (6735'), 
and the Niederhorn (6445'). On the lake is Schloss Ralligen. 
Beyond stat. Merligen (Hot. Beatus, with garden on the lake, 
70 beds at 3-5, pens. 7-12 fr. ; Pens, du Lac, 5-6 fr. ; Pens. Kreuz, 
Traube, Villa Tschan), at the mouth of the Justis-Tal., the steamer 
touches at the (^4 hr.) Beatenbucht (restaurant), the station for 
Beatenberg (see below). The Nase, a rocky headland, here juts 
into the lake. High up on the steep bank runs the bold road (see 
below), hewn in the rock and passing through three tunnels. On the 
lake is the chateau of Lerau and the station of Beatushohlen 
(Chalet du Lac), on the Beatenbach, which issues from the Beatus- 
holile, making a noise like thunder in spring and after heavy rain. 
The Beatus - Hohlen , made accessible in 1904, may be reached 
hence in 20 min. , or from Beatenbucht in 1 hr. The entrance is about 
10 min. above the road, whence at the Waldhaus Beatushohlen (R. 21/2, 
D. 3 fr., well spoken of) a path ascends along the picturesque falls of 
the Beatenbach. The so-called 'Wet Grrotto', explored to a depth of IV4 M. 
and accessible by an easy path about V2 M- i^ length, is watered by the 
brawling Beatenbach and contains numerous stalactites, waterfalls, etc. 
(duration of visit about IV4 hr. ; adm. and guide 1 fr.). The adjoining 
'Dry G-rotto', where St. Beatus is said to have lived, was a much fre- 
quented pilgrim-resort for many centuries. — Brakes from Interlaken to 
the cavern, see p. 203. 

The steamer, which sometimes calls at Leissigen (p. 193) and 
the charmingly situated Ddrligen (p. 193), both on the S. bank, 
next enters the Aare Channel (l'V4 M. long; to the left, the ruin 
of Weissenau) and stops at the \2in^mg-^\diCQ Interlaken- Tkuiier see, 
near the W. or principal station of Interlaken (p. 199). 


From Beatenbucht TO Beatenberg, electric Cable Tramway in 
summer in 16 min. (ascent 2^2 ^^m descent 1 fr., return-fare 3, on 
Sun. IV2 fi'-)- I'be line is 1 M. long and has an average gradient 
of 1:3. At the station at the top is a restaurant. 

From Interlaken to Beatenberg, byroad, 7 M. (one-horse 
carr. 13, two-horse 24 fr.). The road diverges to the left from the 
Habkern road (p. 204), about 1 M. from Unterseen, crosses the 
Lombach, and winds upwards through wood, past the Restaurant 
Lugibriickli (2959'; charming view). Walkers, with the aid of 
short-cuts, take 1^1^ hr. from the Lombach bridge to the Hotel 
des Alpes. — The road from Interlaken to Beatenbucht (9 M.) is 
also attractive. It leads via Neuhaus and Sundlauenen (Hot- 
Pens. Beatushohle, pens, from 5 fr.) along the steep and wooded 
bank of thf^ lak»;, finally high above it (two tuniuds), and affords 
spb;ndid views of the li(;rn(;s(! Alj)S (carr. from Interlak(!n to Mer- 
ligen and back with 2 hrs'. stay 11, two-horse 16 fr.). 

Beatenberg. — Hotels (enumerated from W. to E.; open gener- 
ally in summer only; omnihu.s from the station to the j)f)Ht-o(licu 70 c, 
to PoiiH. Waldej^f,' 1 fr.). *Qu.-n6TKi. Beatenukku & KruirM s, at the W. 

1 98 III. R. 45. - Map,2y. 194. BEATENBEKG. 

end of the village, 1/4 ^' from the station, May Ist-Oct. 1st, 130 beds, 
R. 3-1), B. li/a, L. 3-3V2, D- 4-4»/2, pens. 8-12 fr. ; *Peks. Rosenau, 20 beds, 
5-7 fr.; *H6t.-Pens. Edelwtciss, 40 beds at 2-3, B. I1/4, pens. 6-7 f r. ; 
*Pens. Beatus, 20 beds, 4-5 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Beatrice (open in winter also), 
54 beds at 2-4, B. IV4, D. 3, pens. 7-10 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Blumt.isalp, 70 beds 
at 3-4, pens. (5-10 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Oberland, 44 beds at 21/2-3^/2, pens. 6- 
8fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Beau-Sejour, 70 beds, R. 2Va-3, B. II/2, L. 3, D. 4, pens. 
6-8 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Sohonegg (open in winter also), 74 beds, pens. 7-10 fr. ; 
Pens. Favorita, 6-6 fr.; *GrRAND - Hotel Victoria, IV4 M. from the 
station, first-class, May-Oct., 200 beds, R. 4-8, L. 4, D. 6, pens. 10-16 fr. ; 
*Park Hotel Post, 120 beds at 3-6, B. IV2, L- 3-4, D. 4-5, pens. 8-14, omn. 
1 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Beau-Regard (open in winter), 60 beds, pens. 6-9 fr.; 
Hot.-Pens. Jungfraublick, 40 beds at 2-3, B. IV4, D. 3, S. 2V2, pens. 6-8 fr. ; 
*H6t.-Peks. Schweizerhaus, 45 beds at 2-3, D. 2^/2, pens. 6-8 fr. ; *Gr.-H6t. 
Bellevue, 110 beds, R. 3-5, B. I1/2, L. 3, D. 41/2, pens. 8-14 fr. ; Pens. 
Helvetia; *H6t.-Pens. Silberhorn, 40 beds, pens. 6-10 fr. ; *Hot.-Pens. 
Alpenrose, 120 beds, R. 3-6, B. li/a, L. 31/2, D. 4-6, pens. 7-12 fr. ; 
*H6tel National (open in winter), S3 beds, pens. 5V2-7 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. 
DES Alpes, 3 M. from the Kurhaus, 60 beds at 2-4, B. IV4, D. 31/2, S. 2V2, 
pens. 6-8 fr. ; Pens. Waldegg, 6 min. to the left of the road in a quiet 
situation, 20 beds, 5-6V2 fr- — Private Lodgings. — Post Offices at the W. 
end and in the middle of the village. — English Church. 

The village of Beatenberg (3822' ; 1082 inhab.), a favourite 
health-resort, frequented in summer and winter, stretches along 
the flank of the Beatenberg for 2^/3 M., intersected on the "W. by the 
Beatenhachj on the E. by the Sundgrahen. Admirable view of 
the Alps, from the Schreckhorn to the Niesen, including the Eiger, 
Monch, Jungfrau, Bliimlisalp, Doldenhorn, and Wildhorn. Pleasant 
paths, with benches, have been laid out above and below the road. 

Environs. The finest point of view is the *Ainisbiilil (4383'; 
* Hotel- Rest OMr ant, with veranda, 30 beds, pens. 6-10 fr.), I1/2 M. to the 
E. of the Hotel Alpenrose (carriage from the railway-station 8 fr. there 
and back, incl. 1 hr.'s stay). In addition to a striking survey of Inter- 
laken, which lies immediately at our feet, we command a splendid view of 
the whole chain of the Bernese Alps from the Wetterhorn to the Wildhorn 
(panorama at the hotel). — Near the Kurhaus is a finger-post indicating the 
way to the Waldbrand (26 min.), the Vorsass, and the Niederhorn ; one 
at the Hot. -Pens. Bliimlisalp indicates the Parallel Promenade ; another 
near Pens. Schonegg shows the way to the right down to the Tiefe^ 
Fuhri, and Matte, to the left uphill to the Ober- Kir chive g , Kiinzeli, 
Burgf'eld, Niederhorn, and Neue Promenade ; a fourth, at the Bellevue, 
points upwards towards the Parallel Promenade, Wydibrand, Kdnzeli 
('/2 hr.), and Burgfeld. 

The ascent of the three peaks of the Giiggisgrat is very interesting : 
the *Niederh.orii (6445'), from the Kurhaus or Hot. Beatrice in 21/2 hi's. 
by a path ascending rapidly through pastures and wood (guide 6 fr., 
not indispensable; horse 12 fr.); the *Burgfeldstand (6780'), from the 
Hotel Bellevue past the Kdnzeli (see above) in 31/4 hrs. (guide 6 fr., not 
indispensable); the *Geminenalph.orn (6770'), vik the Amisbilhl (see 
above), Waldegg- Allmend , Leimern, and Gemmen Alp in 3V2 hrs., not 
difficult (guide, 8 fr., unnecessary; horse 16 fr.). Superb view, ranging 
from Pilatus to the Stockhorn chain and the Diablerets; at our feet lies 
the Justin -Tal (p. 195), beyond it are the Aare valley, Bern, and the 
Jura Mts. — By following the arete, all three peaks may be combined 
(3 hrs.). Descent from the Gemmenalphorn to (2 hrs.) Habkern, see p. 204. 


46. Interlaken and Environs. 

Railway Stations. Interlaken Station {Thunersee Railway, 
p. 193), at the W. end of the town; Interlaken Ost Station {Bernese 
Oberland Railicay, p. 206), at the E. end, 1 M. from the first-named 
(motor-omnibus). They are connected by the Bernese Oberland Railway 
(IV4 M., in 7 min.; fares 40, 25, 15, return 60, 35, 25 c), on which 
13 trains run daily in each direction , five going on to Bonigen (p. 229). 
Hotel-omnibuses and cabs at both stations. — Steamboat Piers for the 
Lake of Thun near the Interlaken Station (p. 197) ; for the Lake of 
Brienz by the Hotel du Lac, opposite the station Interlaken-Ost (p. 229). 

Hotels and Pensions (mostly open in summer only, except those 
near the rail, station; omnibus 3/^-1 fr.). On the Hoheweg , from W. to 
E. : *aR. Hot. Metropole (PI. 1), April 15th-0ct. 1st, 260 beds, R. 4-10, 
B. 13/4, L. 4, D. 5, pens. 10-20 fr. ; *GrRAND Hotel Victoria (PI. 2), April- 
Oct., 480 beds and 60 baths, R. 5-15, B. 2, L. 41/2, D. 6, pens. 12-25 fr. ; 
*n6T.-PENS. JuNGFRAu (PI. 3), April-Oct., 300 beds, R. 4-10, L. 31/2, D- 5, 
pens. 10-20 fr. ; *Schweizerhof (PI. 4), May Ist-Oct. 15th, 160 beds, R. 4-12, 
B. 13/4, L. 4, D. 5, pens. 10-20 fr. ; *H6t. Belvedere (PI. 5), 100 beds, R. 
from 3, L. 3V27 D. 5, pens, from 8 fr. ; *H6t. des Alpes & Palace Hotel 
(PI. 6), May Ist-Oct. 15th, 200 beds, R. 6-10, B. 13/4, L. 31/2, D- 5, pens. 
10-18 fr. ; *Grand Hotel & Beau-Rivage (PI. 9), May 15th-0ct. 1st, 200 
beds, R. from 4, B. 13/4, L. 31/2, D- 5, pens. 9-18 fr. ; *H6t. du Nord 
(PI. 7), 110 beds, R. 31/..-6, D. 41/2, peus. 9-13 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Interlaken 
(PI. 8), April 15th-0ct. 15th, 115 beds, R. 3-6, D. 4, pens. 8-12 fr. ; *H6t. 
Royal St. Georges (PI. 22), 180 beds, R. 31/2-8, B. 5, pens. 9-18 fr. ; Hot. 
Bavaria (PI. 23), with beer-garden, 90 beds at 2V2-5, B. IV2, L- 3, D. 31/2, 
pens. 7-10 fr. ; *H6t. de l'Univeks & Brunig (PI. 13), April-Oct., 100 beds, 
R. 272-6, B. IV2, L. 3, D. 4, pens. 8-14 fr. ; Hot. de l'Europe (PI. 38), 
70 beds, pens. 7-10 fr. ; Hot. du Lac (PI. 10), near the E. station, 95 beds 
at 2Va-5, B. I1/2, L. 3, D. 31/2, pens. 8-10 fr. 

To the N. of the HUheweg: *Bellevue (PI. 15), with garden, April 15th- 
Oct. 15th, 130 beds, R. 3-5, B. IV2, L. 3, D. 31/2, pens. 7-12 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. 
Horn (PI. 30), with brewery, May-Oct., 60 beds at 2V2-3V2» I^- 3, S. 2V2, 
pens. 6V2-8V2 fr. ; Hot. Harder, Harder-Str., 26 beds at 2V2-4, pens. 6-8 fr. 
— On the small island of Spielmatten : Hot. du Pont (PI. 16), near the 
middle bridge, with garden, 70 beds, R. 3-4, B. IV2, !>• 3V2, pens. 7-10 fr. ; 
*H6t. Central & Continental (PI. 34), at the lower bridge over the 
Aare, near the station, in summer only, 70 beds, R. 2^1^-b, B. IV2, D- 3, 
S. 2V2, pens. 6-10 f r. ; Couronne (Krone), 50 beds, pens. 6-9 fr.; Faucon. — 
At Unterseen: *H6t. Stadthaus (PI. 17), 60 beds at 2-3, B. IV4, pens. 6-7 fr.; 
Pens. Levy (Jewish; in summer only), 9-11 fr. ; ^Helvetia, 30 beds, pens. 
51/2-6 fr. ; *Beau-Site (PI. 18), May 15th-0ct. 1st, 90 beds, R. 3-5, L. 3, 
D. 4, pens. 7-12 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Eiger (PI. 37), 65 beds at 2V2-4, B. IV2, 
L. 2V25 I^- 3'/2, pens. 7-9 f r. ; Pens. Alpenruhe, 5-6 fr. ; *Manor Farm 
(Pens. Simpkin), near the Lake of Thun, 30 beds, pens. 6-8 fr. 

To the S. of the Hoheweg: *Savoy Hotel (PI. 51), Hohenmatte, May- 
Oct., 140 beds, R. 4-10, B. l^U, L. 4, D. 5, pens. 10-20 f r. ; *H6t. National 
fPl. 19), 110 beds, R. 3-8, L. 31/2, B. 41/2, pens. 8-16 f r. ; *Deutscher Hof 
(PI. 20), 150 bods, R. 3-5, B. IV2, 1^- 3'/2-4, S. 3, pens. 8-12 fr. ; *Uni()N 
Hotel & Pens. Reher (PI. 21), April 15th-0ct. 15th, 46 beds at 2-4, B. IV4, 
I). 3, S. 2'/2, pens. 6-9 f r. ; *Park Hotel & Pens. Ohek (PI. 25), well 
HJluated, 140 beds, R. 3-6, B. IVa, L. 3, 1). 4, pens. 8-14 fr.; Uot.-Penk. 
ScHLOHH-ViLLA, Alpcn-Str., 40 beds, pens. 7^2-10^1'-; Pens. Darling Cot- 
TACJK, Alpen-Str. 2, 8-10 fr., w<!ll si)oken of; *P.Vii-la BEAiJ-Sp:joiri{, (hirtcii- 
Str. 10, pens. 5'/2-9 f r. ; Hot. Loetschhkrg, Garteii-Str., pens. ()-7 fr. ; IIoi'. 
HuMK. .Jnngfrau-Str. 30, jxuih. 6-7 f r., very fair ; I^knh. liKr.-Aiit (1*1. 43), <;-» fr. ; 
*(iOLj-HoT. Alpknmlick (PI. 14), May 15th-0ct. 15th, 50 be<lH, pciiH. «;-10 fr. 

♦Kkgina H6tkl Ji'NGkkau»i>ick, a first-claHH house, in an elevated 
])OHitiou close to the Rugen Park (p. 202), (lommandiiig a splendid view, 
April 15th -Oct. 16th, 195 beds, R. 6-12, B. 2, li. 47^, 1). 6, pens. 12-26, 

200 III' Route 46. INTERLAKEN. Ber^iese 

omn. IVafr.— *CiR.-H6T. Mattenhof (PL 24), May-Oct., 150 beds, 11.4-7, 
B. IVa, L. 4, D. 6, pens. 9-16 fr. ; *H6t.-Pkns. Sonne (PI. 35), May-Oct., 
50 beds, R. 2-3Vaj pens. G-8 fr., both at the foot of the Kleine Riigen; 
Pkns. Zwahlen - Spycher, 25 beds, pens. 5-5V2 ^^'-i *H6t.-Pens. Alpina, 
70 beds, pens. 7-10 fr. (both open in summer only). 

To the W. of the Iloheweg, in the direction of the railway-station : 
*Spi.endid Hotel (PI. 53), 70 beds at 3-7, B. li/a, L. 21/2-31/2? !>• 41/2, pens. 
9-14 fr.; *Hirsch (PI. 39), 60 beds, pens. 7-9 fr. ; *H6t. Oberlander Hof 
(PL 12), with restaurant, 150 beds at 21/2-4, B. IV2, D. 4, S. 3, pens, from 
71/afr.: Croix Blanche (PL 11), 100 beds at 21/2-3, B. I1/4, D. 3, S. 2, pens. 
71/3-9 fr. ; Lion, 45 beds at I1/2-3, pens. 6-8 fr., good; Ancre, R. I1/2-2, pens. 
5-7 fr. ; Swan (PL 40), R. I1/2-21/2, pens. 5-6 f r. ; Ours, R. 2-4, pens. 6-8 fr. ; 
Hot, :Merkur (PL 41), 40 beds at 21/2-3, D. 3, pens. 7-8 fr. ; *H6t. Bernerhof 
(PL 28), 70 beds at 3-5, D. 31/2, pens. 8-12 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Krebs (PL 27), 
May 1st -Oct. 15th, 70 beds at 21/2-31/2, B. I1/2, D. 31/a, pens. 8-10 fr.; 
*Terminus Hot. & Pens. Bristol (PL 29), 100 beds at 21/2-4, D. 31/2, pens. 
7-12 fr. ; *H6t. Jura (PL 42), 70 beds at 2V2-4, L. 3, D. 4, pens. 8-12 fr. 

Beyond the station, in the Rugen road: *H6t. St. Gotthard (PL 31), 
74 beds at 21/2-5, B. I1/2, D. 31/2, pens. 7-12 fr. ; *Hot. Touriste, 48 beds at 
21/2-4, B. li/a, D. 3, pens. 6-8 fr. ; *Eden Hotel (PL 32), April 15th-0ct. 31st, 
120 beds, R. 21/3-5, B. I1/2, L. 3, D. 31/2-4, pens. 8-12 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. Simplon 
(PL 33), April 15th -Oct. 15th, 95 beds, R. 21/2-5, B. I1/2, L. 3, D. 31/2, pens. 
71/2-I2 fr. ; Pens. Rugenpark, 40 beds, pens. 5-7 f r. ; Pens. Flora, Rugen- 
park-Str. 25, 5-7 fr., good; Hot. de la Paix, 45 beds, pens. 7-8 f r. ; Pens. 
Villa Erika, 5-7 fr. —-Furnished apartments in the Villa Roseneck. and Villa 
Helios^ Rosen-Str. ; Chalet Hoheweg, Hoheweg 31 ; Villa Alpina, Jungfrau- 
Str. 60; Ed. Miiller, Neugasse 10; Chalet Roten, at Unterseen. 

In the Environs of Interlaken good and inexpensive quarters may be 
obtained. At 'Wilders'wil (pp. 202, 206), I1/2 M. to the S. (all open from 
May to Oct. only) : *H6t.-Pens. Alpenrose (PL 44), 60 beds, pens. 51/2- 
8 f r. ; *H6t. Bahnhof (PL 54), 40 beds, pens. 5-7 f r. ; *H6t.-Pens. Jung- 
FRAU (PL 45), 60 beds, pens. 5-7 fr. ; Park-Hot. des Alpes (PL 48), 45 beds, 
pens. 6-8 fr. ; *Bar (PL 46), 70 beds, pens. 6-71/2 fr. ; Pens. Oberland, 30 
beds ; *H6t.-Pens. Victoria, .85 beds, 5-6 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. Alpenblick (PL 
47), 50 beds, pens. 6-12 fr. ; *Pens. Schonbuhl (PL 49), 80 beds, 6-9 f r. ; 
*H6t.-Pens. Wilderswil (PL 50), 54 beds, pens. 6-81/2 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. 
Berghof (PL 55), 50 beds, pens. 6-8 fr. ; these three in a tine lofty situation. 
— At Unspunnen (p. 202): *Wald-H6tel & Pens. Jungfrau, May 15th- 
Oct. 1st, 80 beds, pens. 61/2-I2 fr. ; Schloss-Hotel Unspunnen, May 1st- 
Oct. 15th, 70 beds, pens. 7-12 fr. ; Pens. Schlossli, 5-61/2 fr. — At Gsteig- 
"wiler, ^U ^- from the railway-station of Wilderswil (p. 204): *Pens. Schon- 
FELS, 51/2-7 fr. — At Gsteig (p. 205): Hirsch, pens. 5 fr. ; Steinbock. — At 
Golds"wil (p. 203): *Pens. ScHONEGG, 41/2-5 fr. ; Pens. Felsenegg; *H6t. 
DU Parc, pens. 5-61/2 fr. — At Bonigen (p. 229), on the S. bank of the 
Lake of Brienz, terminus of the Bodelibahn (p. 199): *H6t.-Pens. Belle- 
Rive, pens. 51/2-8 fr.; *Park-H6tel, pens. 6-9 fr.; *Chalet du Lac, 
pens. 6-7 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. de la Gtare, pens. 6-10 fr.; Pens. Bel-Air, 
6-8 fr. ; *Oberlander Hof, pens. 6-7 fr. ; Pens. Seehof, 5-6 fr. 

Beer. Kursaal, see below; Bavaria (p. 199), with garden (concert 
in the evening) ; Sjplendid Hotel, Hot. Oberland, Schuh, Seitz, Hirsch, Hot. 
Krebs, Haeyiny, etc. — Temperance Restaurants: Temperenzhof, Bahn- 
hof-Str. ; i^wi^i, Rosen-Str. — Confectioners: Schuh, on the Hohenmatte 
(also cafe-restaurant, D. 3fr.); Weber, Bahnhof-Str. 

Kursaal on the Hoheweg, with cafe-restaurant, theatre, reading, 
concert, gaming, and billiard rooms, garden, etc.; music in the afternoon 
and evening (also on Sun. morning); admission 50 c, evening 1 fr., per day 
1 fr. 50 c, per week 7 fr., month 20 fr., 2 pers. 35, 3 pers. 50 f r. ; for 
extra entertainments (usually Sun. and Thurs.) higher charges. — Music 
on the Hoheweg, opposite the entrance to the Kursaal, in line weather 
on week-days 10.30-11.30 a.m. 

Baths in the hotels, at B. Ghdermann's, etc. — Lake Baths (Lake of 




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Oberland. INTERLAKEN. HJ^- Route 46. 201 

Brienz) on the Bonigen promenade. — Sanatorium Beaulieu (Dr. Grandjean), 
Klostergasse, behind the school-house (pens. 7-16 fr.). 

Cab from the station to Interlaken, Unterseen, or Matten 1 pers. 

1 fr., each person extra 50 c. ; to Bonigen, Grsteig, or Wilderswil 2 fr., 
and 1 fr. ; per hour with one horse 4, with two horses 8, each additional 
hour 3 or 6 f r. ; to Lauterbrunnen and Grindelwald, see pp. 206, 214. — 
Motor Oranibus from the Kursaal to Bonigen via the East Station, 
Grolf Links, and Lake Baths, 13 times daily in summer in 1/4 hr. (60 c). 

Post and Telegraph. Office (PI. P), at the W. end of the Hohe- 
weg. — The Enquiry Office (Verkehrs-VereinJ, on the Hoheweg, ad- 
joining the Kursaal, supplies information of every kind gratis. — Office 
of Thos. Cook & Son, Hoheweg (in summer only). — Money changed at the 
Volksbank (PI. 26), near the Post Office. 

Guides (generally to be found in the Hoheweg, opposite the entrance 
to the Kursaal, or at the Barometrical Column, opposite the Hot. Victoria): 
Christen Haesler, Eduard and Grottfried Feuz, Jakob Mtiller, Rudolf 

English. Church. Service in the old Monastery Church. Pres- 
byterian Se7'Vice in the Sacristy of the Schloss at 10.30 and 6 (June-Sept.). 
American Services (in summer) at the Hotels Victoria and Metropole. 

Golf Links (9 holes), I1/2 M. from the town (omn. 50 c.) ; 2V2 fr. per 
day, 10 fr. per week, 30 fr. per month (less for ladies). 

The low land between the lakes of Thun and Brienz, which are 

2 M. apart, is called the 'Bddeli\ These lakes were probably once 
united, but gradually separated by the deposits of the Lutschme, 
flowing into the Lake of Brienz, and the Lombach, falling into the 
Lake of Thun. These accumulations, descending from the S., out 
of the valley of Lauterbrunnen, and from theN., out of the Habkern 
valley, account for the curve which the Aare describes. Beautifully 
situated on this piece of land, 'between the lakes', lies Interlaken 
(1863'; pop. 7170), consisting of the villages oilnterlakerij Matten, 
and Urderseeriy and extending nearly as far as the Lake of Brienz. 
It is a favourite summer -resort, noted for its mild and equable 
climate, and is a good starting-point for excursions in the Oberland. 

The chief resort of visitors is the ^Hohevteg, an avenue of old 
walnuts and planes, extending from the village of Aarmtlhle to the 
upper bridge over the Aare, and flanked by large hotels and tempt- 
ing shops. It commands a famous view of the Jungfrau across the 
Hohematte (finest by evening-light). To the right, near the upper 
or N.E. end of the Hoheweg, rises the old Monastery of Inter- 
laken, founded in 1130 and suppressed in 1528, surrounded by 
beautiful walnut-trees. The monastery, with the Schloss added 
in 1750, is now occupied by government-oflices. Ditt'erent parts of 
its old church are now used for the Anglican, Presbyterian, and 
French Protestant services. Adjacent is the n(;w Roman, Catholic 
Church. — The prolongation of the Hoheweg leads to rail. stat. 
Inter taken- Ost (pp. 199, 200), near the landing-place of the Brienz 
steamer, and to Boni/jen (A'-^j^M, ; p. 229). The Brienz road, diverging 
to the left at the; (j}ra?id Hotel, cross(;s tin; Aare (Ix^yond tlic bridge 
to the right is the station of tlie ilard«;r railway, p. 203). 

At the W. end of the Hoheweg, opposite^ the Oberliinder Hof, 

202 IIT. R.46. — Map,p. 200. INTERLAKEN. Bernese 

the road to the Kleiiie Rugen (see below) diverges to the S.E., while 
that in a straight direction leads past the Post Office (PL P) to the 
Interlaken Station (p. 199). — The street diverging to the right at 
the post-office crosses the two islands of Spielmatten to Unterseen, 
with its old timber-built houses and modernized church. The road 
to Merligen (p. 197) leads hence to the left, and to the right that to 
Habkern and to Beatenberg (pp. 204, 197). 

The *Kleine Rugen, a wooded spur of the Grosse Rugen, 
offers attractive walks and varying views. The principal path as- 
cends straight from the Hotel Jungfraublick to the walk encircling 
the hill. Turning to the left, we reach the 'Humboldtsruhe' (view 
of the Jungfrau and Lake of Brienz) and the (^g hr.) Trinkhalle 
(cafe), commanding the Jungfrau, Monch, and Schwalmern. Farther 
on, beyond the 'Scheffel Pavilion' (with a view of Lake Thun), is the 
Kasthofer- Stein, a memorial of the chief forester Kasthof er, who, at 
the beginning of the 19th century, planted the hill with specimens 
of all the Swiss trees. Then past a reservoir and a chamois enclosure, 
and back to the Hotel Jungfraublick. Other paths, with benches 
and points of view, ramify in every direction. One ascends to the 
(25 min.) Rugenhohe (2425'), where three clearings in the wood 
disclose views of the Jungfrau and the lakes of Thun and Brienz. 

Just beyond the Trinkhalle a path to the left, and then to the 
right by a (1 min.) bench (whence the path straight on leads in 
10 min. to Cafe Unspunnen), descends to the Wagneren-Schluchtj 
between the Kleine and the Grosse Rugen. Near the Studer mem- 
orial (see below) our path joins a road which leads through the 
ravine, past the Cafe Unspunnen (35 min. from Interlaken station 
via the Wagneren-Schlucht), the Wald-Hotel Jungfrau (p. 200), 
the Bavarian Brewery, and the ruin of Unspunnen, to Wilders- 
wil (p. 200), affording views of the Lauterbrunnen valley and the 
Jungfrau, and of Lake Brienz to the left. 

From the end of the Rugen-Strasse, ^4 ^- fi'om the railway 
station (cab 1 fr.), an electric cable tramway, 190 yds. in length, 
ascends in 3 min. (fare 60, down 40 c, there and back 80 c.) to the 
^Heiniwehfluh (2218'; cafe -restaurant), with a charming view 
(best in the afternoon) of the Bodeli and the lakes. The Jungfrau, 
Monch, and Eiger are seen from the adjacent belvedere. — Pedes- 
trians follow the road at the upper end of the Wagneren-Schlucht to 
the right, which ascends in easy windings through wood, and comes 
to its end about 5 min. below the Heimwehfluh. A shorter path 
diverges to the right in the middle of the Wagneren-Schlucht, near 
a rock inscribed with the name of Bernhard Studer (d. 1887), the 
geologist, and ascends rapidly through wood (20 min.). 

A more extensive and picturesque view is commanded by the 
*Abendberg, above the Grosse Rugen iX^j^-^ hrs. ; horse 12 fr.). 
This is recommended tor an afternoon -walk. We follow the road 

Oberland. INTEELAKEN. ^^^P, P- ^00. - III. R. 46. 203 

through the Wagiiereii-Schlucht (p. 202), from which the road to 
the Heimwehfluh diverges farther on, to its terminus at the (^/4 hr.) 
Satteli (one-horse carr. thus far 10 fr., two-horse 16 fr.), whence an 
easy bridle-path ascends to the left, turning again to the left farther 
on and traversing wood all the way, to the ^' Hotel Bellevue (3735'; 
30 beds, R. 2-4, B. l^/g, D- S^/g, S. 3, pens. 6-8 fr.). A path ascends 
hence to (20 min.) the 'Siebemihr Tanne* (4125'), whence there is 
a charming *Yiew of Lake Thun, lying far below. 

Another footpath leads from the hotel up the slope of the Ddrligen- 
grat to the (21/2 hrs.) Rotenegg (B234'), with a fine view. From this point 
the Leissigengrat, with the peaks of Fuchsegg (6348'), GrosseSchiffli (6675'), 
and Kleine Schiffii (6587'), extends to the Morgenherghorn (7385'), but from 
the Schiffli onwards it can be recommended only to climbers perfectlj^ free 
from dizziness (comp. p. 205). — A rough path leads from the Abendberg to 
Saxeten in IV4 hr. (we take the upper path to the right in the meadow, 
behind the second chalet). 

The top of the "^Harder, to the N. of Interlaken, is reached 
by a cable-railway (May Ist-Oct. 15th) in 21 min. (fare 3 fr., de- 
scent 1 fr. 50, return-ticket 3 fr. 60 c; before and after the season 
2 fr. 25, 1 fr. 15, and 2 fr. 70 c). The railway (1593 yds. in length, 
with a gradient of 58:100) starts from the right bank of the Aare 
above the Brienz bridge (p. 201) and ascends rapidly through wood, 
threading a tunnel 220 yds. in length under the Kuckuckskopf, to 
its terminus (4290'). About 3 min. farther up on the arete of the 
Harder is the '^Restaurant Harderkulm (4345'; 8 beds), command- 
ing a splendid view of the Bernese Alps, Interlaken, the Lake of 
Thun, etc. Pleasant wood-walks; excursions to the Wanniknuhel 
(5215'; 1 hr., for experts), the Rotefluh (5690'; 1^/4 hr.), the Augst- 
matthorn (7020'; 31/2 hrs.; see p. 204), to Habkern (p. 204), etc. 

From the bridge on the Brienz road (p. 201) walks (guide-boards) as- 
<;end the wooded slopes of the Harder to the left to the (20 min.) iMStbiihl 
Pavilion, with a fine view of the Jungfrau, and thence to (20 min. farther) 
the Ilohbiihl Pavilion (2070'), with an inscription commemorating the visits 
of Weber, Mendelssohn, and Wagner, the composers, to Interlaken. We 
may either descend hence to the (10 min.) upper Aare bridge, or continue 
to ascend, by zigzag paths, to the (20 min.) Untere Bleiki and the (Va hr.) 
Obere Bleiki; thence we proceed to the left to the view-pavilion on the 
Hardermannli (3684') and the (1 lir.) Hardermatte (4012'; inn closed), 
10 min. below the Restaurant Harderkulm (see above). We may descend 
by a good bridle-path with many windings, past the Scheibenflnfi Paviliorij 
to the Habkern road and to (1 hr.) Unterseen. 

The castle-liill of Goldswil (2240'; Va hr.), to the right of the Hot. 
dii Pare, on the Brienz road (p. 228), overlooks Lake Brienz and the sombre 
little Faulensee or Lake of Goldswil; the ruined tower is inaccessible. — A 
walk may be taken by the same road (or by a picturesque path crossing the 
hills between the road and Laki; Brienz) to ('/a br.) Ringgenberg (1990'; 
I'f'ti.s. & RpMaurant Seeburg, with garden, at the pi(ir, pens. 4-V) fr. ; *//o<.- 
/V//X. Ii4'au-S<ijour, farther up the slope, pens. 6-8 f r. ; iV/^.s. EdchcHsu ; 
lUir, in the village; lidUvue , well situated higher up, jxais. 6-7 fr.), 
with a church built among the ruins of an old castle (vic^w), and to the 
Schadmbjiry (2388'; '/a br. farther on), on a spur of the (rraggen, an un- 
liniHhed castle of the anci<'nt barons of Ringgenberg. 

Brakes to the BeMm-ltrMcn (j). 197; 4'/aM) t'oni the H5h<^weg daily 
at 9.30 a.m. and 2.30 p.m. in 'V4 br., there aiid back in 2'/^ '"■«• (2 f r. ; one- 

204 HI. B. 46.- Map, p. 200. SCHYNIGE PLATTE. Bernese 

horse cariiage 8, two-horse 15 fr.). Steamboat to station Beatus-Hohleu in 
27 min., see p. 197; footpath thence in 20 minutes. 

To the Habkern-Tal (one-horse carr. from Interlaken to Habkern and 
back 15, two-horse 28 fr.). The road from Unterseen (p. 202) skirts the W. 
base of the Harder (p. 203) and ascends the left bank of the Lomhach. 
It finally crosses to the right bank and ascends in windings to the village 
of (47.2 M.) Habkern (3500'; Bar, clean), situated amid green pastures at 
the foot of the Gemmcnalphorn. Three fine points of view may be visited 
from Habkern. The *Geinnienalphorn (6770'; better from Beatenberg, 
see p. 198) is reached via the Brdndlisegg and Gemmen Alp in 31/2 brs. 
The *Hohgant (7215') is ascended in 4 hrs. via Bohl (5902') and the Aelgdu 
Alp (descent to Schangnau in the Emmen-Tal, see p. 176). The Augst- 
matthorn (7020') is ascended via the Bod^ni Alp in 3V2 hrs. Descent 
to the Restaurant Harderkulm (p. 203), or to Niederried on the Lake of 
Brienz (p. 229). 

*To THE ScHYNlGE Platte. — Railv^ay from Interlaken Station in 
20 min., and from Interlaken-Ost Station in 8 min. to Wilderswil (p. 206); 
thence Rack-and-Pinion Railway to the Schynige Platte 6-8 times daily 
in summer in 1 hr. 10 min. ; fare 8, down 4, return 10 fr. ; from the Ost 
Station 8 fr. 60, 4 fr. 60 c, 11 fr.. Sun. return-tickets, valid for the three 
first trains only, from Wilderswil 7 fr. ; combined return-tickets (ascent by 
the last train, return by any train) incl. R., S., and B. at the hotel, 17Va fr* 

Froni Interlaken-Ost Station to (2 M.) Wildersvnl, where car- 
riages are changed, see p. 206. The rack-and-pinion railway (maxi- 
mum gradient 25 :100) crosses the Lutschine and ascends in curves 
to the Rotenegg Tunnel^ beyond which it enters a wood of beeches 
and pines, affording pretty glimpses to the left of Interlaken and 
the lakes. Passing a watering station (3515'), it reaches (5 M.) stat. 
Breitlmienen (5068'; *Kurhaus Breitlauenen, June-Oct., R. from 
2^2, B. 1^25 D. 31/2, pens. 6-9 fr., good), with charming view of the 
lakes of Brienz and Thun and the hills to the N.W. (better from 
the Vogelisteiriy a jutting rock 150 paces to the N.). The line then 
ascends in a curve to the mountain-crest and passes through the 
Grdtli Tunnel to the S. side of the hill, where the whole chain of 
the Bernese Alps, from the Eiger to the Breithorn, is suddenly dis- 
closed; far below is the Lauterbrunnen Yalley. Following the S. 
slope of the crest, through rocky cuttings, and threading a short 
tunnel, finally obtaining a fascinating glimpse of the Grrindelwald 
Valley with the Schrcckhorner and Wetterhorner, we reach the 
(41/2 M-) Schynige Platte (6463'), the terminus {^ Hotel Bellevue, 
above the station; 3 min. farther on the ^Hotel Schynige Platte, 
both open May-Oct., E. 4-5, B. 1^2, D- 4, pens. 12 fr., with view- 
terraces ; Zeiss telescope at the last-named). 

Magnificent *View of the Bernese Alps to the S. : from left to right, 
the Wellborn, Wetterhorner, Berglistock , Upper Grrindelwald Griacier, 
Schrcckhorner, Lauteraarhoiner, Lower Grrindelwald Glacier, the Finster- 
aarhorn peeping over the Eigcrgrat, the Grrindelwald Fiescherhorner, Eiger, 
Monch, Jungfrau, E))nefluh, Mittaghorn, G-rosshorn, Breithorn, Tschingel- 
horn, Tschingelgrat, Grspaltenhorn, Bliimlisalp, Doldenhorn, Sulegg, and 
the peaks of the Niesen and Stockhorn chains. The ridge concealing the 
base of the Jungfrau is the Mannlichen (p. 218). 

An easy winding path ascends from the Hotel Schynige Platte past 
the Geisshorn (view like that from the hotel) and along the W. side of the 

Oherland. SAXETEN. Map, p. 200. —III. R. 46. 205 

precipitous Guniihorn (6893') to the (20 min.) **Daube (6772'; rfmt.-hiit), 
whence the survey of the lakes aud of the peaks to the N. is particularly 
fine; to the N.E. is the Brienzer Rothorn, with Pilatus to the right in the 
distance. Towards evening the lakes of Neuchatel and Bienne glitter in 
the distance. We may return by a path round the E. side of the Grunii- 
horn and G-eisshorn to the (V4 hr.) station of Schynige Platte. — The Oher- 
berghorn (6790'), 25 min. to the N.E. of the station (direct path from the 
Dauhe in 20 min.), has also been made accessible by flights of steps and 
affords a magnificent view, particularly of the Lake of Brienz. 

From the Schynige Platte to the Faulhorn (4 hrs.), see p. 224. — De- 
scent from the Platte to Ziceililtschinen (p. 206), 3 hrs., steep at places. 
By the small pond near the Platte we descend to the right across pastures 
to the (3/4 hr.) lower chalets of the Iselten Alp (5116'; guide advisable to 
this point, 2 fr.): thence in numerous windings through wood; the way 
cannot be missed. 

Path from GtSteig to the Schynige Platte (4 hrs.). From Wilderswil 
(p. 204) wo cross the Liitschine to Gsteig and ascend between the old church 
and the Steiubock inn, to the right above the cemetery, by numerous zigzags 
through wood, crossing the railway, to the (21/4 hrs.) Schonegg (4754'; inn) 
and the (V4 hr.) Kurhaus Breitlaueneii (p. 204). Thence to the top, IV4 hr. 

The Saxeten-Tal, between the Ahendherg and the Bellen- 
hochst (6860'), is reached from the station of Wilderswil (p. 206) 
by a road (one-horse carr. from Interlaken 15, two-horse 28 fr.) 
passing Mulinen and then ascending through wood in numerous 
curves. The (5 M.) village of Saxeten (3600'; *H6t.-Pens. Alpen- 
rose, 25 beds, pens. 4-5^/2 fr.) is a health-resort, in a sheltered sit- 
uation. Beyond it (3/4 hr.) are the falls of the Gurbenbachsind Weiss- 
bach. The valley is picturesquely closed by the Schwalmern. 

Excursions. The *Sulegg (7915'), not difficult and very interesting, 
is scaled from Saxeten in 4-4V2 hrs., with guide (10 fr.). We ascend either 
by the bridle-path past the waterfalls of the Gurhenhach and Weisshach 
and via the Xesslern Alp in 3 hrs., or by the steep direct footpath in 
21/2 hrs., to the Bellen Alp (6205'), whence the Bdlcnhochst (6860'), a grand 
point of view, is easily ascended in ^/^ hr. We then skirt the steep E. 
slope of the Sulegg for 3/^ hr. (good path), nearly as far as the Obere 
Sulfi Alp (6690'), and reach the top in 1 hr. more. The descent may be 
made to Isenfluh (p. 206), by the Kiihbodtnen Alp and Guuimen Alp, or 
to Milrren, by the Suls Alp and Alpbiglen. — The *Morgenberghorn 
('7385') may be ascended from Saxeten in 4 hrs. without difficulty (guide 
10 fr.). The path, diverging to the right from the road V2 J^^« to the W. 
of Saxeten, ascends past the chalets of the Hinterbergli Alp to (3 hrs.) 
tlie Renggli or Tanzbodeli Pass (p. 196), between the Morgenbergliorn 
and the Schwalmern. Thence we ascend (no path) along the S. and S.W. 
flanks of tlie mountain and finally by a footpath again to (1 hr.) the to]). 
The view, especially of Lakes Thun and Brienz and of the mountains to 
the N., is very j)icturesque, but the higher Alps appear less imposing than 
from the Sulegg. The descent on the N.PL side to the Abendberg, over the 
rocks of the Schifjligrat and the LcAs^igtugrat, is very dangerous (see 
p. 203). The ascent of the Schwalmern (9135') is lal)orious l)ut inter- 
esting (51/3 hrs.; guide 12 fr.). We follow the Sulegg route to (31/4 hrs.) 
the HuIh Alp (see above), whence we proceed to the W. through the Sii/staf, 
and skirt the S, side of the; /.ohhorner (8730' and 8575'; very dilMcult) 
till we reach the snow and dt^bris of the sloping K. Hunk of tht; Schwalmern. 
A gradual ascent over this brings us to (2 hrs.) the arete and ('/4 br.) the 
Hummit (Hochst-Schwalnicrn). The view is magnifi<;ent. Disicul fd flu; 
Uenggli Pass (hcc above), I'/g-ii hrs. 


47. The Lauterbrunnen Valley and 


From Interlaken to Lauterbrunnen ^ 71/2 M., Bernese Oberland Rail- 
way in 3/4 hr. (fares 1st cl. 3 fr. 25, 3rd cl. 1 fr. 95 c, return 5 fr. 20, 3 fr. 
15 c). Third-class carriages are largely used. The railway (maximum 
gradient 3V2' 100) has short sections on the rack-and-pinion system. The 
traveller should see that he enters one of the carriages marked 'Lauter- 
brunnen'. Circular tour from Interlaken to Lauterbrunnen, the Kleine 
Scheidegg, Grindelwald, and back to Interlaken, 23 fr. 45, 14 fr. 45 c. 
(tickets valid for 10 days). Omnibus from the Croix Blanche at Interlaken 
to the Trtimmelbach Fall daily at 2 p.m., 4 fr. there and back. — Carriage 
from Interlaken to Lauterbrunnen and back, including 2 hrs., stay, with 
one horse 9, two horses 15 fr., there and back with 2 hrs'. stay 10 and 
18 fr. ; to Triimmelbach 12 or 22, to Stechelberg 14 or 27 fr. — The following 
*ExcuRSiON (one day) is recommended: by railway to Murren (p. 209; 
2 hrs.), walk to the Upper Steinberg (p. 208; 23/4-3 hrs.), descend to (1 hr.) 
Trachsellauencn (p. 208), and return by the valley, past the falls of the 
Triimmelbach and Staubbach (p. 207), to Lauterbrunnen (2^/4 hrs. to the 
station). The views from Murren and the Upper Steinberg are among 
the finest in Switzerland. 

The line begins at the Interlaken- Ost station (1865' ; p. 199) 
and curves round through the fertile plain to (2 M.) Wilderswil 
(1925' ; change for the Schynige Platte, p. 204). To the right is the 
village of Wilderswil; to the left, the church of Gsteig (see p. 205). 
— The train crosses the Lutschine ^nd ascends its right bank through 
wood. On the left bank is the highroad. To the right rises the 
precipitous Motenfluh^ overtopped by the Sulegg; in the foreground 
is the Mannlichen, with the Monch and Jungfrau adjacent to the 
right. AYe cross the Black Lutschine, which descends from Grindel- 
wald. To the left peers the finely-shaped Wetterhorn. 

5 M. Zweilutsehinen (2150'; Buffet; Hot. Bar, R. IV2-2, 
B. 1^4, D. 2^2, pens. 5-6 fr.) , junction of the Grindelwald line 
(p. 210; passengers not in a through -carriage change for Lauter- 
brunnen). Good ice-axes at Jorg^s, near the station. 

Interesting excursion to (1 hr.) IsenfLuh (3610'; * Hot. -Pens. Jungfrau, 
80 beds, pens. 51/2-8 fr. ; Hdt.-Pens. Alpina, 40 beds, pens. 5-8 fr. ; both 
open May-Get.). About VaM. from Zweiliitschinen the bridle-path diverges 
to the right from the Lauterbrunnen road, and ascends the steep W. slope 
of the valley (shade after 3 p.m. ; the new path from Lauterbrunnen is 
preferable ; see p. 207). Isenfluh commands a splendid *View of the Jung- 
frau and its neighbours, from the G-rosshorn to the Eiger. — From Isenfluh 
TO Murren (3 hrs. ; yellow marks; guide unnecessary), a fine walk: we 
follow the path straight to the (3/4 hr.) Sausbach; ascend to the (3/4 hr.) 
Sprisseniceid ; then level, mostly through wood, to the (i/a hr.) Griitsch 
Alp station (p. 209), and thence to (1 hr.) Ililrren (p. 209). — From Isenfluh 
to the Sulegg (7915'; 3-3V2 hrs. ; guide from Zweiliitschinen 10 fr.), and 
the Schwalmern {91db' ] 5 hrs. ; guide 10 fr.), seep. 205; to the Schilthorii 
(9754'), through the Saustal in 4 hrs. (guide 12 fr.), interesting (see p. 210). 

The train crosses the White Liltschine^ and ascends (two rack- 
and-pinion sections) the wooded^ Valley of Lauterbrunnen ^ho\md- 
ed by limestone cliffs 1000-1500' in height. It crosses the Saus- 
bach which dashes down on the right, passes the Hunnenfiuh, a 
huge tower-like rock on the left, and crosses the road several times. 


LAUTERBRUNNEN. Map, p. 200.-111. R. 47. 207 

71/2 M. Lauterbrmmen. — The Railway Station lies 2620' above 
the sea; change carriages for Wengern Alp and Grrindelwald (p. 214); 3 min. 
higher up, to the right, is the station for the cable-railway to Miirren 
(p. 209). — Hotels. *H6t. -Pens. Steinbock, at the station, 110 beds at 
2Va-5, B. IVa? L- 3, D. 41/25 pens. 7-12 fr. ; *H6t. Staubbach, with view of 
the Staubbach, 98 beds at 2-4, L. 3, D. 4, pens. 6-10 fr. ; *Adler, April 1st- 
Oct. 31st, 70 beds at 2-4, B. 1 fr. 30 c, D. 31/2, pens. 6-10 fr. ; *H6tel Jung- 
FRAU, 30 beds at IVa^^Va? JD- 3, pens. 6-8 fr. ; *Weisses Kreuz, in summer 
only, 26 beds at 2-3, B. 1, D. 21/2, pens. 6-7 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Oberland, 
36 beds, pens. 6-8 fr. ; *H6t. Silberhorn & Pens. Waldegg, 30 beds, pens. 
51/2- 'i^ fr. ; Hot. -Pens. Edelweiss, 20 beds, pens. 6 fr. — Restaurant Lauener, 
in an open situation. — Gtuides : Fritz, Heinrich, Joh., and Ulrich von All- 
men, Fritz, A., and J. Grertsch, Hans and Karl Grraf, Ulr. Brunner, Fr. 
Steiuer. — English Church Service in summer at the Steinbock. 

Lauterhrunnen (2615' ; pop. 2550), a pretty, scattered village, 
lies on both banks of the Liitschine, in a rocky valley ^2 ^' l>road, 
into which in July the sun's rays do not penetrate before 7, and in 
winter not till 11 a.m. It derives its name ('nothing but springs') 
from the numerous streams that descend from the rocks, or from 
the springs that rise at their base. The snow-mountain to the left, 
rising above the huge rocky precipices of the Schwarze Monch, is 
the Jungfrau ; to the right is the Breithoru. 

A pleasant walk may be taken by the Sausberg Promenade: to 
the falls of the Saushach, ^/^ hr. ; to Isenftuh (p. 206), IV2 hr. Passing 
beneath the Miirren railway opposite the Steinbock Hotel, we ascend to 
the right through wood, obtaining line retrospective views of the Jungfrau, 
Wengen, and the Lauterhrunnen valley. 

By the Hotel Staubbach, about 8 min. from the station, the road 
forks. The left branch descends past the church to the Triimmel- 
bach (see below) ; the right branch leads straight on to the (5 min.) 
"^Staubbach ('spray-brook'), the best-known of the Lauterhrunnen 
falls. This brook, never copious, and in dry summers disappointing, 
descends from a jutting rock in a leap of 980', most of it, before it 
reaches the ground, being converted into spray, which bedews the 
meadows and trees far and near. In the morning-sun it resembles 
a silvery veil, wafted to and fro by the breeze, and by moonlight 
also it is beautiful. 

The road to the left at the fork (see above) crosses the Liit- 
schine near the church, and ascends its right bank, in view of the 
snowy Breithorn and the Schmadribach Fall. (To the left, a bridle- 
path to Wengen, p. 215.) In ^2 hr. we reach the Hot.- Pens. 
Trummelhach (open in summer only; R. 2-3, B. 172, L. 2^2-3, 
I). 3-4, pens. 7-9 fr. ; omn. from Lauterhrunnen station, there and 
back \^j,^[r.\ carr. there and back, including stay, 4fr.). A path 
(adm. 50 c. ; waterproof desirable) diverges here to the left to the 
(7 min.) lowest ^Triiramelbach Fall. The narrow gorge, through 
which thf! copious Trummelhach^ fed by the glaciers of the .Jung- 
frau, descends in five cascades, is rendered accessible by steps and 
paths. The third fall is the finest; view of the valley near the 
highest fall. The sun forms beautiful rainbows in the spray. 

208 UL Route 41. TRACHSELLAUENEN. Bernese 

Through the Trilmleten-Tal to the Wengern Alp (p. 216; 4 his., with 
guide, 8 fr.), trying but interesting. — To the Rottal Hut, see p. 214. — 
From Stechelberg (see below) via the Seflnen-Tal and the Bussen Alp to 
the Tanzbodeli (7010'; 3-3Va hrs. ; with guide), repaying (better from the 
Upper Steinberg, see below). 

The road ascends the valley, in view of several waterfalls, 
passes the (18 niin.) Dornigen-Brucke, where we join the route 
coming from the Staubbach, and reaches (25 min.) Steclielberg 
(3020' ; Hot.-Pens. Alpenhof, pens. 41/2-5 fr.), where it ends. The 
main bridle-path (green marks ; to the left ; that to the right leads 
to the Sefinen Valley and Mtirren, p. 212) skirts the right bank 
of the wild Liitschine, and crosses it near the (^4 hr.) chalets of 
Sichellauenen (3275'). Thence we ascend, with a view of the Rottal 
and its avalanche-beds above us, on the left, to (50 min.) Trachsel- 
lauenen (4145'; Hot. Schmadrihach, 25 beds at 2-272, B. IV2, 
pens, from 5 fr., well spoken of), a cluster of chalets on the left 
bank of the Liitschine, 1^/4 hr. from the Triimmelbach. 

The path hence to the (1^4 hr.) Schmadribach Fall (blue marks) 

ascends the left bank of the Liitschine to the (12 min.) 'Bergwerk', 

the scanty remains of the furnace of a deserted lead-mine. Here it 

diverges to the left from the main path (which goes on to the Upper 

Steinberg, see below) and ascends (notice-boards) round a jutting 

rock (the 'Nadla'; the top of which, 20 min. from the inn, affords a 

good view of the waterfall) and past the chalets of the (^g ^^^'O Loiver 

Steinberg Alp (4480'), where it crosses (to the left) the Talbach 

(two bridges). Ascending the pastures on the right bank, we pass a 

waterfall, mount the Holdrij and reach (^/g hr.) the Lager Chalet^ 

in sight of the copious ^Schmadribacli Fall. Nothing is gained 

by going closer to the fall. — From the 'Bergwerk' it is preferable 

to follow the path to the right (red marks) which zigzags up a gorge, 

clad with firs and ferns (stony and very unpleasant in wet weather), 

to the chalets of the Ammerten Alp, and thence to the Upper 

Steinberg (5805'). Here (1 hr. from Trachsellauenen) are the 

small Hotel Tschingelhorn and (20 min. farther up) the Hotel Ober- 

Steinberg (both unpretending but good, E,. 2-272, D. 272-3, pens. 

5-6 fr.). The ^Yiew^ of the mountains and glaciers enclosing the 

upper valley of Lauterbrunnen is very fine (best point of view about 

200 yds. beyond the Ober-Steinberg Hotel) ; from right to left are 

seen the Lauterbrunner Wetterhorn, with the Tschingelhorn behind 

it, the Breithorn, the beautiful Breithorn Glacier between these, 

then the Grosshorn, the Mittaghorn, the Ebnefluh, the Gletscher- 

horn, and the Jungfrau, while directly opposite is the Schmadribach 

Fall. — In descending to Trachsellauenen, we diverge to the right 

immediately below the Hot. Tschingelhorn (red marks). 

A still grander view is obtained from the *Tanzbodeli (7010'), reached 
from the Upper Steinberg in 2 hrs. (there and back ; see above). A boy 
will show the way (steady head necessary) for 1^1^-2 fr. 

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Oberland. MHRKEN. III. Route 47. 209 

A somewhat fatiguing route (guide advisable) leads from the Upper 
Steinberg along the moraine of the Tschingel Glacier past the Oberhorn 
Alp to the (IV2-2 hrs.) *Oberhorn-See (6825'), a beautiful little blue 
lake, picturesquely situated in the rocky hollow between the Tschingel 
and Breithorn Grlaciers. — Hence to the (3 hrs.) Mutthorn Hut, the Wetter- 
lucke, and the Schmadri-Jochf see p. 213. 

From Lauterbrunnen to Murren, 3V4 M. — Cable Railway and 
Electric Tramway (in summer only) in 50-66 min. (4 fr. 16 c, descent 2 fr. 
45 c). The station of the cable-railway (2706') lies 1 min. above the 
Lauterbrunnen and Interlaken station (see p. 207). 

The Cable Railway (1510 yds. in length; average gradient 
55 : 100) mounts straight through meadows and wood, to the (^/4M.) 
Griitsch Alp (4890'). Here we change carriages for the Electric 
Tramway, which follows the hillside, crossing several streams, to 
(3^4 M.) MUrren. To the left a magnificent *View of a grand 
amphitheatre of mountains and glaciers is revealed: the Eiger and 
the M(3nch, the Jungfrau with its dazzling Silberhorn, the huge 
precipices of the Schwarze Monch rising abruptly from the valley, 
the wall of the Ebnefluh with its mantle of spotless snow ; then, 
as we approach Miirren (near which the Jungfrau disappears behind 
the Schwarze Monch), to the left of the Ebnefluh the Gletscherhorn, 
to the right theMittaghorn, the Grosshorn (from which the Schmadri- 
bach descends), the Breithorn, the Tschingelhorn, the Tschingel- 
grat, and the Gspaltenhorn. 

The Bridle Path from Lauterbrunnen to Murren, 2V2 hrs. (descent, 
lV4hr.), is attractive in dry weather. It ascends rapidly to the right 
al)0ut 6 rain, from the station, beyond the Hotel Oberland, at the guide- 
post ('Miirren 5.7 Kil.', i.e. 31/2 M.), and crosses the Greifenbach twice. 
Beyond the second bridge (20 min.) it ascends through wood, crosses the 
Fluhbcichli, the (20 min.) Lauibach (fine waterfall), and the Herrenbdchli, 
and reaches (25 min.) the bridge over the scanty Pletschbach or Staubbach 
(40.37'). In 6 min. more we obtain a beautiful view of the Jungfrau, 
Monch, and Eiger (see a])Ove) , which remain in sight for the rest of the 
way. Farther up, by (40 min.) a saw-mill (4920'), we cross three branches 
of the SpissbacJi, in 20 min. more reach the top of the hill (*View, see above), 
and then walk alongside the railway to (Va hr.) Murren, 

JVEurren. — Hotels. *Grand-H6tei. & Kurhaus Murren, 6 min. 
from the station (tramway), beautifully situated, witli restaurant, kursaal, 
and several dcpendances, open June Ist-Sept. 30th, 276 beds, R. 4-10, 
B. I'/a, L. 3Va, D. 6, pens. 10-20 fr. ; *Guand-H6tei. des Alpes, in an 
elevated situation 2 min. from the station, with restaurant. May Ist-Oct. 3l8t, 
170 beds, R. 4-8, B. I'/g, L. 4, D. 5, pens. 10-20 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Jungfrau 
80 beds at ;{'/V5, L. 3, D. 5, pens. 8-15 fr., near the Englisli Church, al)Ove 
the Kurliaus; *H6t.-Pens. Beau-Site, 7 min. from the station, 75 beds at 3-6, 
B. V/.^, L. 3, D. 4, pens. 7-15 fr, ; *H6t.-Pkn8. Alpenkuhe, still farther to 
the S., in an open situation, 70 heds, pens. 8-12 fr. ; Hot. -Pens. Bkm.evite, 
:}5 hods, pens. 6-8 fr. ; *H6t.-Pknh. Ehjer, May Ist-Oct. 31st, 96 l)odH 
at 3-5, B. I'/a, I^- 4, S. 3, pens. 7-12 fr., 1I6t.-Penh. Bki.mont, 26 bods, 
pens. ♦I-IO fr., these two at the station; IIOt.-I'ens. Edklwkiss, 40 btids 
at 2'/2-'l, pens. 7-10 f r. ; Penh. Bi-umkn rirAi,, 5-r. fr., })lain hut good. — 
J'oxt and Tel/iyraph Ofjla'. on tin- (jiimmeiw-iid \i)>u\. ~~ Band daily 11-12, 
alternately at the Kurhaus and the Hotfil dos Alpes. — Enulish Church, 
duldes: Ed. and Joh. von Alhnen, (jottl. Fhu/, V. and IT. Briirinrr. 

Bakdkkkk, Switzerland. 24th Edition. 14. 

210 III- R.47.~ Map, p. 208. MHRREN. Bernese 

MUrren (5368'), situated on a terrace high above the Lauter- 
brunnen Valley, is one of the most frequented spots in the Bernese 
Oberland. It commands a famous view, including not only the peaks 
mentioned on p. 209, but also the Wetterhorn to the left, and the 
Biittlassen to the extreme right. A pleasant and for the most part 
level walk, with numerous benches and splendid views, leads along 
the electric tramway to the (^/4 hr.) Griltsch Alp (p. 209). Other 
walks, to the W., above the Hot. des Alpes, skirt the slopes of the 
Allmendhubel, a hill on which firs grow higher up. 

Environs (everywhere way-marks). The view from the top of the 
*Allniendhubel (6358'; =V4 hr.) inehides the snowy Jungfraii in addition 
to the peaks seen from Miirren. From the S. end of the village two paths 
lead W. up to the (V4 hr.) goat-stables of the Allniend (also reached in 
1/4 hr. from the Hotel des Alpes by the above-mentioned path), whence we 
take the Schilthorn path, to the right, to (20 min.) a solitary chalet, and 
ascend to the right for 8 min. more. — A similar view is commanded by the 
Winteregg (57b8'), V2 hr. to the N.W. (we ascend to the left from the 
G-riitsch Promenade 5 min. to the N. of Miirren), and by the Prmiiisegg, 
20 min. from MUrren (to the left at the finger-post, 1/2 M. from the village). 
— Other pleasant walks lead to the Biumen-Tal, ascending by the Allmend 
stables to the left in 1/2"! fi^*- (green marks); to the Schilttal (3/4 hr., see 
below), the Seflncn-Tal (p. 212), the SpieLboden Alp (milk cure, 1 hr.), etc. 

The *Schilthorn (9754'; 31/2-4 hrs. ; guide 8 fr., not indispensable for 
experts) is an admirable and easily reached point of view. The path (red 
marks) ascends along the W. side of the Allmendhubel (see above), enters 
the bleak Enge-Tal, and mounts over the Seelifuren (8540'; shelter-hut) to 
the (3 hrs.) rocky basin above the Graue Seeli. Then a steep ascent over 
suow, debris, and rock, past the monument to Mrs. Arbuthnot, who was 
killed here by lightning in 1865, to the Kleine ScMltJiorn (940p') and across 
the arete without difficulty to the (I-IV2 hr.) flat summit of the Milrren- 
ScMlthorn. Magnificent survey of the jungfrau, the queen of the Bernese 
Alps, and of the whole chain (including the G-spaltenhoru and Bliimlisalp, 
to the S.), and of N. Switzerland (Rigi, Pilatus, etc.); panorama by Im- 
feld. Mont Blanc is not visible hence, but is seen from the arete, about 
5 min, to the W. , a little below the summit. — The descent (2^'2 hrs.) 
may be considerably curtailed by glissades down three snow-slopes (quite 
free from danger). The route through the imposing Seft72en~Tal (p. 212), 
via the Seflnen-Alp and the Te'ufels-Brucke (a fine point above Grimmelwald), 
longer by I1/2 hr. than the direct path, is more laborious but far more 
interesting (guide 10 fr.). A shorter way back leads past the Gi'aue Seeli 
and down the steep Schiltfliihe (guide advisable), and afterwards through 
the beautiful pastures of the Schiltalp (6390'). — Descent by the Telli to 
the Kiental, see p. 237. 

Ascent of the Schwarzbirg (9050'), via the Bielen-Liicke (8860') in 
31/2 hrs. (guide 7 fr., not indispensable), easy and interesting; Grosse 
Hundshorn (9620'; 5 hrs. ; guide 10 fr.), via the Boganggen Alp (p. 212), 
not difficult; Biittlassen (10,489'; 7^2 hrs. ; guide 25 fr.), via the Sefinen- 
Furgge, trying (comp. p. 237). — Sulegg (7915'), via Alpbiglen, Sausboden, 
and Suls-Alp in 5 hrs. (guide 12 fr.), easy and interesting; descent past 
the Bellen Alp and Lower JSfesslern Alp to (3 hrs.) Saxeten, see p. 205. 

A guide-post a little to the S. of the Kurhaus indicates the way 
(to the left) to Gimmelwald (and Stechelberg) ; 100 paces farther on 
we descend to the left, and in 7 min. more we cross a bridge over 
a fall of the Murrenhacli. At (20 min.) the beginning of Gimmel- 
wald the road forks. The branch to the right leads straight to the 
(8 min.) ^Hot.-Fens. Schilthorn (4550'; pens. 7-8 fr.; Engl. Ch. 


MHRREN. ^ap, p. 208. — III. R. 47. 211 

i'tli \ 


212 I -[J- R.47.~- Maps, pp. 200, 208. MtTREEN. Bernese 

Serv. in summer), on the brink of the grand iSefinen-Tal^ which is 

enclosed by the Biittlassen, the Gspaltenhorn, and the Tschingel- 

grat. The branch to the left descends in 4 min. past the Hot.-Pens. 

Mittaghorn (pens. 5-7 fr., well spoken of) to the Hot.-Pens. Gimmel- 

wald (pens. 5-6 fr.). 

To the Sefinen-Tal, an interesting walk (3 hrs. there and back, guide 
unnecessary). To the W. of the Hotel Schilthorn we cross the (5 min.) 
JSchiltbach, ascend on the left side of the Sefinen-Tal, and (^V* hr.) cross a 
bridge (Furten) ; we then enter a pine-wood, and lastly, in a grand basin, 
with numerous waterfalls, traverse stony debris to the {fl^ hr.) Gspaltenhorn 
(or Kilchbalm) Glacier, at the foot of the Gspaltenhorn (11,295'; ascent very 
difficult; guide 70 fr. ; comp. p. 237). 

The route to Stechelberg descends to the left past the Hotel 
Gimmelwald and (20 min.) crosses the Sefinen-Lutschme. After a 
short ascent we again descend through wood, and cross a brook 
descending from the right, enjoying a view, to the left, of the beau- 
tiful Sefineii Fall The path divides (12 min.): the branch to the left 
descends steeply to {}I^\\y.) Stechelberg (p. 208); that to the right 
goes on at the same level to Trachsellauenen ('Hot. Schmadribach 
40 min.'; p. 208). A steep and stony footpath (white marks) diverges 
to the right from the latter after 6 min. and ascends through wood, 
beyond which it passes a deserted spar-mine, to the (l^/g hr.) Hotel 
Tschingelhorn on the Upper Steinberg (p. 208 ; in all about 3 hrs. 
from Miirren; guide, 7 fr., unnecessary in good weather). 

Passes. From Murren over the Sefinen-Furgge to the Kiental, 
not difficult, and on the whole attractive (9-10 hrs. to Reichenbach ; guide 
from Lauterbrunnen 20 fr.). From Mtirren (white marks) the path ascends 
via the Schiltalp (p. 210) and (21/4 hrs.) Boganggen Alp (6710'), iinally 
to the left, to the (IV2 hr.) Sefinen-Furgge (8583'), between the Grosse 
Hundshorn (9620') and the Buttlassen (10,489'; see pp. 210, 237). Descent 
(red marks) with fine view of the Wilde Frau and Bltlmlisalp, by a slope 
covered with debris into the Kiental, past the chalets of Durrenberg (6545'), 
Biirgli (6327'), and Steintnberg (4856'), to the (1^/4-2 hrs.) Hot. Blumlisalp 
(p. 237); thence past the (1 hr.) Tschingel Alp (3783') to the village of (1 hr.) 
Kiental (p. 237) and to (IVa hr.) Reichenbach (p. 237). 

From Murren to Kandersteg over the Hohturli, a fatiguing but 
interesting expedition (13 hrs. ; guide from Lauterbrunnen 25 fr.). Over 
the Sefinen-Furgge to the Kiental, see above. From the (3V2 hrs.) chalet 
of Biirgli (see above) we follow a narrow path to the left through the 
rocky gorge of the Pochtenbach (observe the curiously contorted strata 
of the rocks on the opposite bank) to the (2 hrs.) Gamchi-Hiitte (5500'), 
near the end of the Gamchi Glacier {Ga,mc7ii-Lucke, see p. 237) ; here we 
cross the brook, ascend rapidly to the Upper Bund Alp (where we join 
the path from the Hot. Blllmlisalp, p. 237), and traverse pastures, stony 
slopes, and a couloir (take care of falling stones!) to (4 hrs.) the Blumlis- 
alp Hut of the S.A.C. (9123'; keeper) on the argte to the S.E. of the 
HohtiJrli Pass (9055'), affording a superb view of the Bltlmlisalp, 
Doldeuhorn, etc. (ascents from the hut, see p. 239). Descending on the 
W. side of the pass for about 200', and then keeping to the right at the 
foot of the arete, we reach the old Frauenbahn Hut (8956'), now disused. 
We thence descend over debris and the rocky ledges of the Schafidger, 
with the Bliindisalp Glacier quite near us on the left (path very dizzy at 
places), to the Upper Oeschinen Alp (6470'), and by steep steps cut in the 
rock to the Lower Oeschinen Alj), pass round the N.W. side of the 
Oeschhien Lake (p. 239), and reach (4 hrs.) Kandersteg (p. 238). 

Oberland. PETERSGRAT. ^cips, pp. 200, 208.- HI. R.47. 213 

From Lauterbrunnien to Kandersteg over the Tschingel Pass 
(13-14 hrs.; guide 30, porter 25 fr.), fatiguing, but for tolerable moun- 
taineers free from difficulty. The night had better be spent at (2V2 hrs.) 
Trachsellauenen (p. 208) or at the Upper Steinberg (p. 208 ; 4 hrs. from Lauter- 
brunnen). We thence follow (yellow marks) the W. slope of the valley, cross 
the outflow of the Tschingel Glacier near the point where it issues from 
the moraine, and ascend steeply on its right (E.) side, leaving the Oberhorn- 
See (p. 209) on the left, till we reach the glacier itself, at the foot of the 
precipices of the Lauterbrunnen Breithorn. Thence we proceed, keeping 
to the left (small crevasses) towards the rocky islets protruding from the 
midst of the neve, and ascend gradually to the (3 hrs.) Tschingel Pass 
(9266'), to the N. of the Mutthorn (see below), where a view of the mountains 
of the G-astern-Tal is disclosed; behind us towers the majestic Jungfrau 
with her S. neighbours, and to the left is the Eiger. On the right are 
the furrowed Gspaltenhorn (p. 237) and the Gamchi-LiicJce (9295'; pass to 
the Kiental, p. 237), to which an additional hour may be devoted (striking 
survey of the Kiental, the Niesen, and the Bernese plain). The descent 
across the Kanderfirn, bounded on the right by the rocky walls of the 
Bltlmlisalp and the Frtindenhorn, is easy. After IV4 hr. we quit the snow 
for the left lateral moraine and descend steeply, over loose stones and 
then over grass, to the Gastern-Tal, passing a spur which overlooks the 
Alpetli Glacier descending from the Kanderfirn. We then follow the narrow 
crest of a huge old moraine, which descends precipitously on the right 
to the former bed of the glacier, 65-80' below; IV'j hr., bridge over the 
Kander; 6 min., the chalets of Gastern or Selden (5315'; inn, p. 246). Hence 
through the Klus to (2V2 hrs.) Kandersteg, see pp. 245, 239. — Instead of 
crossing the Tschingel Pass we may proceed via the Mutthorn Hut (V2 hr. 
longer; see below). 

*From Lauterbrunnen to the Lotschen-Tal over the Petersgrat 
(14 hrs.), trying, for experts only, but very grand (guide 40 fr., porter 30 fr.). 
From the (4 hrs.) Upper Steinberg (see above and p. 208) we ascend to the 
(IV4 hr.) Oherhorn-See (p. 209) and cross the Tschingel Glacier to the 
(3 hrs.) Mutthorn Hut of the S.A.C. (9534'; keeper), at the S.E. base of 
the Mutthorn (9975'), which may be ascended hence in 2/4 hr., with guide. 
More difficult are the Tschingelhorn (11,790'; 3V2-4: hrs. ; guide from Lauter- 
brunnen 40 fr.) and the Lauterbrunnen Breithorn (12,400'; over the M^etter- 
liicJce and the W. arete in 6-7 hrs. ; guide 60 fr., with descent to Hied 70 fr.). 
— Hence to the (IV4 hr.) Petersgrat (10,515'), a snoAV-ridge commanding a 
superb *View of the Lotscbental range from the Aletschhorn to the Hoh- 
gleifen , with the imposing Bietschhorn straight before us. We descend 
over the crevassed Telli Glacier to the (1 hr.) moraine on its left side, at 
the N.W. base of the Tellispitzen (9695'), whence a steep descent leads 
over rocks, debris, and smooth turf into the Telli-Tal, to the (1 hr.) Telli 
Alp (6116') and (1/4 hr.) Blatfen, or (preferable) from the Telli Alp to the 
right through wood and pastures to Oherried and (3/4 hr.) Ried (p. 243). 

Over the Wetteki-ucke (from the Upper Steinberg to Ried 10 hrs. ; 
guide 40 fr.), difficult. From the (IVa hr.) Oberhorn-See (p. 209) we ascend 
the crevassed Breithorn Glacier to the (4-4i/'i hrs.) "Wetterlucke (10,365'), 
fietween the Tschingelhorn and Breithorn. The descent leads by the Inner 
Faflcr Glacier and the Fafier Tal to the Fafler Alp (inn, p. 244) and (4 hrs.) 
Riejl (p. 243). Over the Schmadri-Joch (10-11 hrs.; guide 45 fr.), also 
difficult. From the (IVghr.) Oberhorn-See (p. 209) we ascend to the left over 
the Breithorn Glacier and the rocky arSto descending to the N.W. from the 
OrOHshorn to the (4 hrs.) Schmadrl-Joch (10,8().3'), between the Breithorn 
and OroHshorn. On the other side we descend over th(i Jagiftrti to the 
(4 hrs.) GletHcherHtafel Alp (p. 244) and to (1 hr.) Ried (p. 243). Or 
from the (xletscherHtafel AIj) we may proceed to the (4 hfs.) Lfifschcu- 
liicke (p. 244) and descend thf; Grosae AUtHchflrn to the (I'/a^r.) Concordia 
I in I i\). :j91). 

Fkom Lai:tkf:hi{|'nnfn to tmk- K(j<iiNiroi{N over tliC! LiJiiiitor (12,140 ), 
difficult and hazardous (18 his.; night npent in the Uoltal Hut; guide 

214 III. R, 48. Map.p. 200. LOTSCHEN-TAL. Bernese 

80 fr.): through the wild Rottal, across the huge ice and rock arete con- 
nectiug the Rottalhorn (12,945') and Gletscherhorn (13,064'), and down the 
Kra7izberg-Firn and the Great Aletsch Glacier to the Co7icordia Iiui and 
the Eggishorn Hotel (p. 390).^ — It will repay a robust and steady-headed 
expert to go as far as the Rottal Club Hut (9040'; 5 hrs. from Stechel- 
berg, by the Stufenstein Alp), and to return the same way (a good day's 
walk; guide 16 fr.). Ascent of the Jungfrau by the Rottal Saddle or by the 
S.W. arete, see p. 216. 

48. Prom Interlaken to Grindelwald. 

Bernese Oberi.and Railway: a. Direct (12 M.) in 1 hr. 20 min. (fares 
6 fr., 3 fr., return 8 fr., 4 fr. 80 c). b. Via Lauterbrunnen and Wengern Alp 
(I8V2M.) in 6-6V2 brs. (fares 18 fr. 45 c, 11 fr. 46 c); from Lauterbrunnen, 
11 M., in 3-4 hrs. (fares 15 fr. 20 c, 9 fr. 50 c. ; to Wengen, 1/2 hr., 3 fr. 
20 c, 2 fr., to the Little Scheidegg, IV2 br., 8 fr. 50, 5 fr. 50 c). Circular 
tickets for both lines, valid for ten days, 23 fr. 6, 14 fr. 25 c. — Carriage 
from Interlaken to G-rindelwald 13, with two horses 25 fr., there and back 
in one day 16 or 30 fr., to the Upper Grlacier and back 22 or 40 fr. — 
Pedestrians still prefer the beautiful Walk over the Wengern Alp to 
Grindelwald: bridle-path to the Wengern Alp 3 (descent 2), Little Scheid- 
egg 3/4 (descent V2)> Grindelwald 2 hrs. (ascent 3 hrs.); in all 6 hrs. from 
Lauterbrunnen. Small trunks may be sent on by train. 

a. Direct Line (carriages marked 'Grindelwald'). From Inter- 
laken to (5 M.) Zweilutschinen (2150'), see p. 206. The Grindel- 
wald train ascends the left bank of the Black Littschmej traversing 
a tunnel and an avalanche-gallery in the wooded Liitschen-Tal. 
To the left are the wooded slopes of the Schynige Platte (p. 204). 
Beyond (7^2 ^O Lutschental (2355'; inn) the train crosses to the 
right bank and ascends the Stalden by rack-and-pinion (1935 yds. ; 
gradient 12 :100) to (9 M.) Burglauenefi (2915'). In front appear 
the Wetterhorn and the Berglistock. Farther on we pass through 
the defile of the Ortweid, after which a view of the beautiful valley 
of Grindelwald is suddenly disclosed: to the right is the massive 
Eiger, adjoined by the Jungfrau with the Schneehorn and the Silber- 
horn; in the middle are the Mettenberg and the Schreckhorner, 
and to the left the Berglistock and the majestic Wetterhorn. The 
train lastly ascends another toothed -rail section (1420 yds.) to 
(12 M.) Grindelwald (p. 218). 

b. YiA Wengen and the Little ScHEiDEaa by the Wengern 
Alp Railway (electric rack-and-pinion line). Extra trains are des- 
patched when passengers are numerous; no trains from Nov. 1st to 
March 31st; two lines, the older and steeper of which is now used 
for the goods traffic. — Lauterbrunnen (2615'), see p. 207. The 
railway describes a curve, crosses the Ltitschine, and rapidly ascends 
the steep slopes below the village of Wengen, where it passes over 
several viaducts and bridges. Hence we enjoy a fine retrospect of 
Lauterbrunnen and its valley and of the Schmadribach Fall in the 
background, with the Breithorn and Grosshorn above it. To the 
right, above the W. slope of the valley rises the Sulegg-Grat, with 

Oberland. WENGEN. ^(^P, P- '^00. HI. E. 48. 215 

the serrated Lobhorner, resembling the fingers of a giant hand. 
A wide curve brings us to — 

1 V2 M. Wengen. — Hotels (the Metropole, Alpeumhe, Jungfrau- 
blick, Falken, Eiger, Kreuz, Bristol, and Brunner are open in winter also). 
To the left of the station: *Palace-Hotel & National, 200 beds, R. 4-12, 
B. IV2, L- 4, D. 6, pens. 12-20 fr. ; *Gr.-H6t. Victoria, 120 beds, R. 3-10, 
L. 4, D. 6, pens. 9-20 fr. ; *Park-H6t. Beausite, 90 beds, pens. 9-15 f r. ; 
*HoT. Metropole, 72 beds, pens. 7-12 fr. ; *GrR.-H6T. Belvedere, 160 beds, 
pens. 8-16 fr. ; Hot. -Pens. Jungfraublick, 50 beds, pens. 7-10 fr. ; *H6t.- 
Pens. Alpenrltie, 45 beds, pens. 7-10 fr. ; Pens. Alpenblick, 20 beds, 5-7 fr. ; 
*H6t.-Pens. Waldrand, 50 beds, pens. 6-10 fr. ; *Hot.-Penr. Bellevue, 
65 beds at 2i/a-3, D. 31/2? S. 2V2, pens. 7-10 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. Hunnenfluh, 
still farther up, 30 beds, pens. 5-8 fr., well spoken of. — Above the station: 
*H6t. Eiger, 30 beds, pens. 7-10 fr. ; *Hot.-Pens. Silberhorn, 60 beds at 
2-31/2. B. 11/2, D. 31/2, pens. 6I/2-IO fr. ; *Savoy-H6t. & Pens. Blumlisalp, 
70 beds at 3-8, B. I1/2, L. 31/2, D- 41/2, pens. 9-15 f r. ; *Hot.-Pens. Falken, 
90 beds at 3-5, D. 4, pens. 8-12 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. Hirschen, pens. 5-6V2 fi'. 
— To the right of the station, beyond the railway: Hot.-Pens. Kreuz, 25 beds 
at 2-3, B. 11/4, L, 21/2, I>- 3, pens. 6-9 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. Central, 30 beds at 
2-2V2, pens. 5V2-6V9 fi'- ; Hot.-Pens. Schweizerhof, 40 beds, pens. 6-8 fr. ; 
Pens. GJ-ertsch, 40 beds, pens. 6-10 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Montana, 35 beds, pens. 
51/2-9 fr.; *H6t.-Pens. I3ristol, 45 beds, pens. 8-12fr. ; *Pens. Alpina, 
50 beds, pens. 7-9 fr. ; *Deutscher Hof, 30 beds, pens. 6-8 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. 
Alpenrose, 1/3 M. from the station, 100 beds, pens. 6V2-IO fr. ; Hot.-Pens. 
Schweizerheim, 40 beds, pens. 5-6V2 fi'*? plain but good; *H6t.-Pens. Mit- 
taghorn, 60 beds, pens. 6V2-IO fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Breithorn, 48 beds, pens. 
51/2-7 fr. ; *Kurhaus Wengen, 1 M. from the station, 120 beds a t2i/2-4, B. I1/2, 
D. 4, S. 3, pens. 7-10 fr. ; Hot. des Alpes, 48 beds, pens. 7-12 fr. ; Pens. 
Waldegg (Jewish). 45 beds, pens. 12-16 fr. ; *H6t. Brunner, 1/3 M. from the 
station, on the Wengern Alp route, 80 beds, pens. 7-12 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. 
Helvetia, 30 beds, pens. 51/2-71/2 fr. — Dr. Oetiker^s Sanatorium. — Gtuides : 
Ulrich Brunner, Chr. Balmer, Job. Bischoff, Chr. and Hans Gertsch, Fr. Graf, 
Karl Schlunegger. — English Church Service in summer. 

Wengen (4190'), situated amidst meadows dotted with trees, 
below the precipitous Tschuggen (p. 216), with a view of the Lauter- 
brunnen Valley and of the Jungfrau and other mountains to the S., 
is much visited as a health-resort and for winter-sports. 

Attractive walks to the Staubbach-B^mkli (4166'; 25min.); to the 
Hunnenfluh (4367'; 1/2 hr.); to the Leiterhorn (5036'; 1 hr.); to the Mettlen 
Alp (see below) and Wengern Alp (p. 216), etc. 

Bridle Path from Lauterbrunnen to the Wengern Alp (3 hrs.). 
From the station we descend to the left, cross the Ltltschine, and ascend 
straight on, soon joining the path mentioned at p. 207. 3/4 hr. Restaurant 
Liruler, with pavilion and view. Farther up (20 min.) a finger-post shows 
the way to the left, by the Hot. Mittaghoi^n, to the (20 min.) Wengen 
station; to the ri^ht to iha {10 mm.) Kurhaus Wengen, sl^X thence upliill, 
and (10 min.) to the left aj^ain, alonf^ the Lau])erhorn and Galtbachhorn 
(p. 216). - This steep ascent is avoided l)y taking the railway to Wengen. 
From the station we cross the terrace in front of the Hot. BlUmlisalp, 
turn to the left, and a little farther on to the rif^ht, crossing the line and 
following the fenced path amidst houses and meadows; after about 
40 min. wc; join the above-mentioned path from Kiirliaiis Wenp^en ; 8 min. 
pass through a ^ate into the ])ine-woo(i, froni which we ('mer{i:c 20 min. 
farther on, and turn to the left. In •V4 hr. more, jjassin^'^ under th(^ 
line, we reach the Hotel Jungfrau (p. 216). If we f<o straight on after 
quitting the wood, we reach the (^/^ hr.) *Mettlen Alp (5580': rfmts.), 
on the N. Bide of the Trunilete)t-Taf, directly facing the Jungfrau. Hence 
we may either ascend to the Wenf,'ern Alp in -74 hr., or walk round the 

216 nLR.48.~ Map,p.200. WENGERN ALP. Bernese 

head of the Trtlmleten-Tal to the (1 hr.) Biglen Alp (6900'), with the 
Bandlauencn Glacier, and thence to the (3/4 hr.) Wengern Alp. — From 
Wengen direct to the top of the *Mannlic7ien (p. 218), SVahrs., rather 
steep, but not difficult; to the Tschuggen (p. 218), 3 hrs. with guide, 
trying, for experts only. 

Beyond Wengen the railway curves towards the slope of the 
Tschuggen, affording a continuous view of the snow-mountains and 
glaciers from the Grosshorn to beyond the Gspaltenhorn, with the 
Breithorn in the centre. We then skirt the Galtbachhorn (7610') 
and reach — 

4^2 M. "Wengern Alp (6160'; *H6t. Jungfrau, open in 
summer only, 40 beds at 3Y2-5, B. 1^/4, L. 3-372? t^. 4-5, pens. 9- 
12 fr.), where we enjoy a celebrated ^Yiew, across the Trumleten- 
Taly of the Jungfrau (13,670'), with her dazzling shroud of eter- 
nal snow, flanked by the Silberhorn (12,155') on the right and the 
Schneehorn (11,205') on the left. The proportions of the mountain 
are so gigantic that the eye attempts in vain to estimate them, and 
its distance (2^/2 M.) seems annihilated. To the left of the Jungfrau, 
the highest peak of which is not visible, rise the Monch (13,465') 
and the Eiger (13,040'). To the right, farther back, are the 
Tschingelgrat, Gspaltenhorn, and the broad mass of the Butt- 
lassen. To the N. of the last are the Hundshorn, Schilthorn, and 
Schwarzbirg (named from W. to E.). 

A fine view of the Lauterbrunnen valley is obtained from the Gur?nsch- 
buhl (()223'), reached by diverging to the left from the Wengen path, 1/4 hr. 
below the station, and turning, 8 min. farther on, to the right (the path 
to the left leads to the Mettlen Alp, p. 216). 

On the Wengern Alp, at Grrindelwald, and elsewhere the traveller may 
witness Snow or Ice Avalanches, which, on warm, sunny days, generally 
occur several times an hour. Except that the solemn stillness of these 
desolate regions is broken by the echoing thunders of the falling masses, 
the spectacle can hardly be called imposing. The avalanche, as it descends 
from rock to rock on the mountain-side, to disappear at its foot, resembles 
a huge white cascade. The more destructive avalanches, bearing with 
them rocks, earth, and gravel, occur only in spring and winter. 

The *Jungfrau (13,670') was scaled for the first time in 1811 by 
Rudolf and Hieronymus Meyer of Aarau, and from that time to 1861 the 
ascent was accomplished four times only; but it has since been under- 
taken frequently. Though difficult and fatiguing it is unattended with 
danger to experts with good guides and in favourable conditions of the 
snow. From the N. side (guide from Grrindelwald 70, with descent to the 
Eggishorn Hotel 100 fr.) the ascent is now usually undertaken from the 
Eismeer station (p. 217) : over the Grindelwald-Fiescher Glacier in 1^/4 hr. 
to the Bergli Hut (p. 222), which may be reached also from Grrindelwald 
via the Bdregg and the Kalli in 8-9 hrs. ; thence over the Lower Monch- 
joch (11,680'), Upper Monchjoch (11,870'), and Rottal-Sattel (see below) in 
5Va-6 hrs. to the top, with a most magnificent view. — The ascents from 
the Guggi Hut (p. 218) over the Silberlilcke and from the Rottal Hut by 
the Rottal-Sattel (12,654') are very difficult and hazardous (guide 90 fr., 
to Eggishorn Hotel 100 fr.). That from the Rottal Hut (p. 214) over the 
S.W. arete (6-8 hrs.) is trying also, but is not dangerous when the rocks 
are dry and free from snow or ice (guide 70, with descent to Grrindel- 
wald 80, to Eggishorn Hotel 100 fr.). We ascend over rocks for 4-41/2 hrs., 
the last part being a steep climb up the granite walls of the arete. We 
then cross a snow-arete, which requires a steady head and is sometimes 

Oberland. LITTLE SCHEIDEGG. Map,p.200.-IILR.48. 217 

rather unpleasant (in late summer often solid ice). This brings us to the 
upper neve, over -which we ascend without trouble to (I1/2 hr.) the summit. 
— The easiest ascent is from the Eggishorn Hotel (p. 390), on the S. side, 
the night being spent in the Concordia Inn (p. 391), 5 hrs. from the 
hotel; thence to the summit Q^j^-l his. (guide 60, with descent over the 
Monchjoch to Grindelwald 90fr.). — The SLlberhorn (12,156'; ascended 
for the first time in 1863 by Ed. von Fellenberg and Karl Baedeker) is 
scaled from the Gruggi Club Hut (p. 218) via the Guggi Glacier^ the 
Schneehorn and the Giessen Glaciei', in 10-12 hrs. (difficult and trying; 
guide 50 fr.). 

From the Wengern Alp the train ascends gradually. Splendid 
views of the Juugfrau. Walkers follow the bridle-path, which crosses 
the line near the Hotel Jungfrau, and then skirts it to the {^j^ hr.) 
station of Scheidegg. This walk is recommended for the descent. 

5^/2 M. Scheidegg (carriages changed in both directions ; de- 
tention frequent), on the summit of the Little, Lauterbrunnen, 
or Wengern Scheidegg (6770'; "^Kurhaus Bellevue & Hotel 
des Alpes, open in summer only, 145 beds, R. 3 V2-5, B. 1^/4, L. 372? 
D. 5, pens. 8-12 fr.; Engl. Ch. Serv. in the season; ^Ilail. Re- 
staurant, B. 1^/4, L. 3^27 ^' '^ f^-)- This ridge affords a striking view 
of the valley of Grindelwald to the X.E., dominated on the right by 
the imposing AVetterhorn, with its rocky peaks and snow-fields, and 
bounded on the N. by the Schwarzhorn range. (To the extreme left 
is the blunt cone of the Faulhorn, with its inn.) On the S. opens a 
splendid view of the Monch, Eiger, and Jungfrau, with the Silber- 
horn and Schneehorn. 

To the Eiger Glacier, a pleasant walk of ^/^ hr., with fine views, 
especially from the * Fallhodenhuhel (7136'; about halfway). Those who 
prefer may use the Jungfrau Railway (see below) as far as (IV4 M.) the 
Eiger Glacier Station (V4 hr. ; fare 2 fr. 10 c, there and back 3 fr.). The 
train starts on the arrival of those from Lauterbrunnen and Grrindelwald. 
In the glacier is an artificial ice-grotto (adm. free; small fee to keeper). 

The *Jungfrau-Ilail'way, an electric rack-and-pinion line of 3 ft. 
4 in. gauge and a maximum gradient of 26 : 100, commenced in 1897 
under the auspices of Ad. Guyer-Zeller (d. 1899) and opened in 1905 to the 
Eismeer Station (31/2 M., in I-IV4 hr. ; fare there and back 18 fr.), ascends 
from the" Scheidegg to the right, over pastures, offering fine views of the 
Jungfrau and the mountains of the Lauterbrunnen vallev. Beyond a tunnel 
(92 yds. long) it reaches (I1/4 M.) the Eiger Glacier "Station (7640'; Re- 
staurant, with veranda, D. 4 fr.), in a scene of wild magnificence (footpath 
descending to the right to the Eiger Glacier, see above). Farther on the 
line skirts the rocky slope for a short distance and enters the tunnel of 
the Jungfrau line proper. 2^/4 M. Stat. Eigericand (9406'; buffet), with a 
terrace cut out of the rock affording a view of the Lake of Thun and a 
large portion of N. Switzerland. Hence the railway-tunnel is carried on 
to the (3V» M.) Einmeer Stntion (10,346'; Hcstaurant, with post-office and 
Zeiss telescope), on the S.E. side of the Eiger, a))out 130' alcove the 
crevassed Upper Grindelv'ald- Fiescfier Glade?', with a limited })ut very 
fine *View or the Wetterh6rner, Schreckhttrner, Fiescherhorner, M6nch- 
joch, etc. A path with steps descends by a gallery to the glacier, whence 
fxperts with guirle may reach the IJergli-IIntte (p. 222) in I'/y-^ '""f- ''''•*' 
lino is to be carried on to the (5'/a M.) Jioigfrau-Joch (11, HO'; ]). 222) 
and the (7'/'j M.) if^rm'xnwv, Jungfrau (1:5,428'), which will l»e connectccl 
with the Buinmit of the Jiingfr.'iu by ;i lift 240' high. 

The easy ascent of tlif *Ijauberhorn (8120'), 1 hr. by u g(»o(l path 
(guide-poHt to the right of the station;, is recommended for its magnificcnit 

218 III.B.48.-~Map,p,200. ALPIGLEN. Bernese 

view. The entire chain of the Bernese Alps is in sight. To the right 
of the imposing Wetterhorn are the broad and jagged Berglistock, the 
Mettenberg, Great and Little Schreckhorn, Lauteraarhorn, Eiger, Monch, 
and Jungfrau ; still farther to the right, the Ebnefluh, Mittaghorn, Gfross- 
horn, Breithorn, Tschingelhorn, Gspaltenhorn, and Bliimlisalp ; in front, 
the plateau of Miirren, with Lauterbrunnen and the Staubbach below; 
above are the Schilthorn, the Sulegg-G-rat with the Lobhorner (p. 205), 
and farther to the right, the Niesen; then the Abendberg, Wilderswil, 
Unterseen with Beatenberg above it; above the Grrindelwald valley rises 
the Faulhorn range, with the Schwarzhorn; and in the distance beyond 
the Great Scheidegg, the Wendenstocke and the Titlis. 

On the N. the Lauberhorn is adjoined by the precipitous Tschugyen 
(8278'; ascent laborious, for experts only) and, farther on, by the *Mann- 
lichen (7695'), another famous point of view, easily ascended in I1/2 hr. 
from the Little Scheidegg. From the station a well-made bridle-path 
gradually ascends to the right, past the (1/4 hr.) Chalet-Restaurant Grindel- 
waldblick (6955'), skirting the slopes of the Lauberhorn and Tschuggen, 
and atfording a succession of charming views of Grindelwald and its 
mountains, to the (50 min.) Hot. Grindelwald-Rlgi (7220'; R. 3Va-4, B. IVa, 
L. 3V2, D- 4V2 fr-)? ^n the saddle between the Tschuggen and Mannlichen. 
The top of the l&tter is reached in 20 min. more. The view of the Eiger, 
Monch, and Jungfrau is inferior to that from the Lauberhorn, owing to 
the intervening Tschuggen, but the more distant peaks to the right and 
left are better seen (panorama by G. Studer). — Direct descent to Grindel- 
wald in 2Va brs. by a path that cannot be mistaken, or to Wengen (p. 216) 
in IVa hr. by a steep path. 

The new Guggi Club Hut (9785'; S.A.O.), at the foot of the Monch, 
is reached by an interesting glacier-tour, for which both guide and rope 
are necessary (from the Eiger Glacier Station 5-6 hrs. there and back ; 
guide 6 fr., with descent by the Eiger Glacier 8 fr.). — An interesting 
glacier-excursion (guide necessary, 20 fr.) may be made from the Eiger 
Glacier Station over the Eiger Glacier, then, by a bit of easy rock-climb- 
ing, to the (3\/2 hrs.) so-called Monch Plateau (10,037'), commanding a su- 
perb view of the Monch, Eiger, Jungfrau, and the Guggi Glacier. Descent 
to the Guggi Hut, and over the lower Eiger Glacier to the Little Scheidegg. 

The railway and bridle-path (2 hrs. to Grindelwald) follow the 

slope to the right, immediately behind the Hotel Bellevue. To the 

right, a final view of the Jungfrau. Then over the stony Wergistal 

Alp, at the foot of the Eiger, to (8 M.) Alpiglen (5310'; Hot. des 

Alpes, V4 M- fi'om the station, plain), on a commanding terrace. 

The Wetterhorn becomes more conspicuous, with the Mettenberg 

in front of it; farther on the Schreckhorn is seen through the gap 

between the Mettenberg and the Eiger. The line descends steeply 

into the valley of the Black Lutschlne and crosses the stream. — 

10^2 ^- Grund (3100'), the lower station for Grrindelwald, whence 

the train backs out to ascend to the (11 M.) principal station of 

Grindelwald (see below). 

Walkers from Grindelwald to the Little Scheidegg descend the road 
to the right of the Bear Hotel to the station of Grund, cross the Llit- 
schine below the railway bridge, and then ascend the bridle-path to the 
left, which crosses the line farther on: to Alpiglen 2 hrs., thence to the 
Scheidegg IV4 hr. 

Grindelwald. — Hotels (all with restaurants and generally open 
in winter also). *Bear, 3 min. from the station, a large house of five 
stories, frequented by the English, 300 beds, R. 4-12, B. 13/4, L. 3V2, D- 6> 
pens. 9-18 fr.; Pens. Villa Sanssouci, opposite, back from the street, 28 beds, 

Oberland. GRINDELAVALD. Map,p.200,- IILR,48. 219 

pens. 9-14 fr.; G-r.-Hot. Eiger, 200 beds, R. 3-6, B. IV2, L. 31/2, D. 41/2, pens. 
8-14 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Schonegg, in a quiet situation, 5 min. from the station, 
with garden, 110 beds, pens. 7-12 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Beau-Site, 48 beds at 
2V2-4, B. 11/4, D. 31/2, pens. 7-10 fr. ; Hot. Metropole, 30 beds at 2-6, D. 3, 
pens. 6-10 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. Grindelwald - Bristol, 70 beds, R. 2-5, B. IV2, 
pens. 6-12 fr. ; *Eagle, at the E. end of the village, with pretty grounds, 
70 beds at 3-4, B. IV2, I^- 3, D. 4, pens. 7-12 fr. ; Pens. Silberhorn, 
7-10 fr., well spoken of; Hot. -Pens. Gtletschergarten, 25 beds, pens. 
6-7 fr., Pens. Alpenblick, 30 beds, 41/2 -6Va fr., both on the road to the 
Upper Glacier, well spoken of; Pens. Kirchbuhl, in an elevated situation, 
5-7 fr. — At the station: *H6t.-Pens. Alpenruhe , 170 beds, R. 2Va-7, 
B. 11/2 J L. 3, D. 4, pens. 7-17 f r. ; *H6t. de la Gare-Terminus, 49 beds at 
2V8-3, B. 11/4, r>. 3, pens. 7-10 fr. ; Hot. -Pens. Oberland, 30 beds, pens. 
6-8 fr. ; Hot. -Pens. Alpina , 38 beds, pens. 6-10 fr.; Hot. Jura, pens. 
6-7 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. National, 35 beds, R. 2-3, B. IV4, D. 21/2, pens. 
6V2-8 fr. ; *Central-H6t. Wolter, 40 bods, pens. 51/2-'*^ fr- 1 *Weisses 
Kreuz, 36 beds, R. 2-3, pens. 6-7 fr. ; Hirschen, 35 beds, R. 1V2-3, B. 
11/4 f r. ; Hot. -Pens. Belair-Eden, 45 beds, pens, 6-8 fr., well spoken of. — 
*H6t. du Glacier, 7-8 min. below the Grindelwald station and as far 
from Grund, 65 beds at 2-3, B. I1/4, D. 3, pens. 6-8 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. 
Schweizerhof, 3 min. from the station, 98 beds at 21/2 -4, B. I1/4, L. 3, 
D. 4, pens. 6-10 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. Belvedere, 3 min. from the station, in 
an open situation, 120 beds at 3-4, pens. 8-10 fr.; HOt. -Pens. Victoria, 
in an elevated situation on the Diirrenberg, ^j^ M. above the station, 
48 beds at 2V2-4, B. IVa, L. 3, D. 4, pens. 8-12 fr. ; *Wald-H6tel & Pens. 
Bellary, prettily situated by the pine-woods, farther to the W., 40 beds, 
pens. 7-12 fr. ; Pens. Strahlegg, ^/^ M. from the station, 6-6 fr. — Con- 
fectioners: Weber, between the Bear and the Eiger Hotel; Gagnebin and 
Wolter, near the rail, station. 

Post and Telegraph Office at the rail, station. — English Church 
(St. James's); services at 10.30 and 5.30. — P7'esbytertan and Roman 
Catholic Services at the Eagle Hotel. 

Guides. Rud. Kaufmann (head- guide), Ulrich , Christen, Rudolf, 
and Peter Aimer, Gottfried Bohren, Christ. Bohren (three of this name), 
Peter and Hans Kaufmann , Christen Kaufmann (three of this name), 
Rud., Peter, and Christ. Inabnit, Hans and Rud. Baumann, Hans, Peter, 
and Rud. Beinet, Christ. Jossi, father and son, Peter, Ulrich, Fritz, and 
Hans Brawand, Chr., Peter, Joh., and Rud. Egger, Peter, Job., and Christ. 
Burgener, Joh. Heimann, Fritz and Emil Steuri (expert ski-runners), etc. 
— Good ice-axes (18 fr.) at Ch. Schenk's. 

Grindelwald (3402' at the station; 3468' at the church; pop. 
3400) is an excellent starting-point for excursions and ascents and 
a favourite summer and winter resort. Three gigantic mountains 
bound the valley on the 8.: the Eiger (13,040'), the Mettenbenj 
(10,194'), which forms the base of the Schreckhorn, and the beau- 
tiful Wefferhorn (12,150'), the characteristic feature of the entire 
landscape. Between the AYetterhorn and the Mcttenberg descends 
the Upper Grindelvjald Glacier, and between the Mettenberg and 
the Eiger the Lower Grindelvjald Glacier. These glaciers h^oA 
th(! Black Liifschine. 

Bfautiful walks may be taken to the AlLfluh (4680'; I'/ahr. ; ascent 
to the right ))> the Pens. IJellary), I0 the Ld/jtpencf/g and th(^ Abhach 
Vail (l«/4 hr.), to tlic lUipity Valley (1 lir.), to the Terrace Walk above the 
village (p. 220), to the Fiirmnrcid (4600'; 1 hr.), and to other points. 

Most visitors are content with a visit to the Upper Qlacier 

(a walk, there and back, of 2'/.^ hrs.; one-horse carr. 0, there and 

back with 2 hours' stay 10 f r. , two-horse 18 fr., and gratuity). 

220 in.B.48.~-Map,p,200. URINDELWALD. Bernese 

From the station we follow the village-street, passing the (10 min.) 
Church, and beyond the school-house, decorated with mottoes, we 
take the road ascending gently to the left (to the right is the 
shorter but more fatiguing footpath). The road leads to the i^j^ hr.) 
Hot. Blilmlisalp and passes the Hallerstein y a granite boulder 
with an inscription in memory of Dr. A. Haller of Burgdorf, who 
perished on the Lauteraar Glacier in 1880, to the (7 min.) Hotel 
Wetterhorn (4040'; 25 beds from 2, L. 3^2, pens. 5-7 fr.). From 
the latter the bridle-path goes straight on to the Great Scheidegg 
(p. 231), while a broad way to the right (branch to the left to the 
Lift) descends across the Ltitschine (10 min.) and re-ascends to 
(10 min.) an artificially hewn ice-grotto (adm. free; small fee). 

An interesting trip may be made by the "Wetterhorn Lift, a bold 
enterprise on the system of the Cologne engineer Feldmann (d. 1906), 
the lower half of which was inaugurated in summer 1908. The lower 
station (4124') is 10 min. from the Hot. Wetterhorn (see above), near the 
end of the Upper Glacier; high up on the rocky face of the Wetterhorn 
is the upper terminus, 1376' above the lower. The lifts start every 1/2 hr. 
between 7.30 and 12 and between 1 and 7 p.m. ; fare 31/2? there and back 
5 fr. The two cars (16 seats) are each suspended on two powerful wire- 
ropes, and are })ut in motion by two other cables. In ascending (8Va min. ; 
4' per second) we have a fine view to the right of the bluish seracs of 
the lower ice-fall. From the upper station Engi (6500'), where the cables 
are fastened in the rocks, we ascend in a few paces to the small Engi 
tavern, commanding a view of the level central part of the glacier, the 
precipices of the Mettenberg, above which peeps the cone of the Little 
Schreckhorn, and the valley of Grindelwald. A path along the abrupt slope 
leads hence in 10 min. to the Gleckstein path (see below; to the Hot. 
Gleckstein IV2-2 hrs. ; lift projected). 

A very pleasant way back to Grindelwald is afforded by the so-called 
Terrace "Walk. This diverges from the road to the right beyond the 
fourth bridge, skirts the slope to the houses of Stehtbillen, passes the 
Hotel Victoria and Pension Bellary, and leads to the hamlet of Ttifbach, 
whence we descend to the left to the (IV2 hr.) station. 

Another way back (guide, 6 fr., not essential) is by a path ascending 
the left moraine to the Chalet Milchbach (4330'; rfmts. ; visible from 
l)elow), which affords a good view of the ice-fall. The (1/4 hr.) path (finger- 
posts) then enters the wood to the right, passing between the Mettenberg 
and the Halsflzih, and descends on the left bank of the Ltitschine, past 
the hamlet Aufder Sulz, to the bridge (2915') mentioned below, and back 
to (IV4 hr.) Grindelwald. — From the Chalet Milchbach climbers may, by 
means of ladders (1 fr.), ascend to the Wetterhorn path (comp. p. 221), 
and pass through the Milchbach Gorge (short tunnel) to the (-^4 hr.) edge 
of tke glacier above the ice-fall (about 6260'). In the middle of the glacier 
is a fine ice-grotto, the attendant of which leads novices across the glacier. 
Hence to the Engi station or to the G-leckstein Hut (guide not indispen- 
sable for experts) see above and p. 221. 

To the Lcwer Glacier (2 hrs. there and back). A carriage- 
road, between the Eagle Hotel and the church, and footpaths, above 
the Hotel Eiger and beyond the school-house, descend to the 
(25 min.) iron bridge (2915') spanning the branch of the Ltitschine 
that issues from the upper glacier. On the left bank the path straight 
on ascends to the Baregg (p. 221), while we take to the right 
through the hamlet of Mettenberg^ keep again to the right at the 
(5 min.) bifurcation, and finally, ascending a little, cross a wooden 

Oberland. GRINDELWALD. Map,p.200.—IILn.48, 221 

bridge over the discharge of the glacier to a (^4 hr.) refreshment- 
hut at the entrance of the imposing ^ Gorge of the Lutschine 
(1970' long), to which iron galleries afford access (50 c). At the 
upper end is a high waterfall. — From the above-mentioned fork we 
may ascend on the right bank, skirting the right lateral moraine, 
to (V4 hr.) a refreshment-hut, near which there are bridges and 
galleries affording an interesting view into the deep rocky gorge 
of the Lutschine, and (^/^ hr. more) a second hut, with a fine Ice 
Grotto hewn in the glacier near it (adm. free, 40 c. to the keeper). 
Thence we may ascend in 10 min. to the Baregg path. — From the 
iron bridge mentioned on p. 220 a path ascends along steep rocky 
slopes (guide desirable for novices, 7 fr.) to (1^2-1^/4 hr.) the 
Restaurant Baregg (5410'; bed 3-372 fr.), which commands the 
"^ Lower Eisineer ('sea of ice'), the large basin in which the glacier 
accumulates before it descends to the valley. Above it rise the 
Zasenberghorn, Grindelw alder Griinhorn, Grindelwalder Fiescher- 
horner, Fieschergrat, and Eiger. A rocky knoll, 20 min. farther 
on, affords a more complete view. Still finer is the view from 
the "^Bdniseggj 1 hr. farther on the path to the Schwarzegg Hut 
P Upper Eismeer). 

A flight of steps cut in the rock, 5 min. from the Baregg lun, descends 
to the edge of the 'Eismeer'. The glacier may be crossed, with guide (from 
G-rindelwald, 9 fr.), to (1 hr.) the Zdsenberg (6075'), on the grassy slopes 
of which sheep are pastured in summer. — The ascent of the Zasenberg- 
horn (7687'; magnificent survey) takes I1/2 hr. from the Zasenherg (guide 
12 fr.). On every side tower huge and wild masses of ice, and the view 
is bounded by the imposing peaks of the Eiger, Schreckhorner, Fiescher- 
horner, etc. Experts may cross the Fiescher/irn, descend the Kalli by a 
steep path, and return to the Baregg (7-8 hrs. ; a comparatively easy round; 
guide 20 fr.). 

The Mettenberg (10,194'; 5 hrs. from the Baregg; guide 30, with 
descent to the Gleckstein 40 fr.) commands an imposing view of the 
Wetterhorn, Schreckhorn, Finsteraarhorn, and the Upper Grindelwald 
Glacier, but is seldom ascended. 

The favourite ascent is that of the *"W"etterhorn (12,150'; 10-11 hrs. ; 
guide 60, porter 45 fr.), first scaled in 1844. The ascent, now made fre- 
quently in fine summer-weather, requires perseverance and a steady head. 
Irom the (I1/2 hr.) (Jhalet Milchbach by the ladders to the upper glacier 
(1 fr.), see p. 220. We cross the glacier to the iSchlupf and traverse a good 
and perfectly safe path above the glacier (guide unnecessary for experts) 
to the (3-4 hrs.) small Gleckstein Hotel (7670'; R. 5, B. 2 fr.), where the 
night is spent (adjacent is the Grleckstein Cluf) But of the S.A.C.). Thence 
over the KriiLne-Firii and by a steep ascent to the snow-covered Wetter- 
mttel or Sdtteli (11,616'), lietween the MitUlhorn (12,165') and the Vordcre 
Wetterhorji or lid nle- Jung frau (12,150'), and to the left to the top of the 
latter, 6-6 hrs. Descent to the iJossert. Club Hut (llosenlaui or Innert- 
kirchen), see p. 233 (guide 70 or 80 fr.). —Another path, recently improved, 
but advisable only for experts, with guide, ascends from the Lauchbuhl 
Hotel (p. 231) by the I^huji on the Wetterhorn to the (3V.j hrs.) Gleckstein 
Hotel. An easier access is afforded by the Lift to the Engi station (p. 220); 
thence to the Glecksfcin Hot«;I l'/2-^ '"""• (g'lide not essential for expert 
cliinbers with steady lieads). — From the (ileekstciin Hotel over the l.auttr- 
cuir-Sattel to tlie (jlrimscl, see p. 222; over the Jiosoicyy to tin; Donnen 
Hut, Bee p. 233; over the lU^rqli-Jock to the (kmli Hut, see p. 232. 

The BerglistOCk (12,055' j, to the li^'ht c.f tint iiergli-.loeh f5'/y-(; his. 

222 III. R. 48. - Map, p. 200. aRINDELWALD. 

from the Gleckstein Hut; guide 70 fr.), ascended via the Grindelwaldflrn, 
commands a superb view. 

Ascent of the Jungfrau, p. 210 ; Finsteraarhorn, p. 236. — Gross- 
Sohreckhorn (13,385'; ascended for the first time by Si^' Leslie Stephen 
in 1861), from the (5 hrs.) Schwarzegg Hut (see below) in 7-8 hrs. (guide 
80 fr.), very difficult. — Gross - Lauteraarhorn (13,265'; guide 80 fr.), 
from the Schwarzegg Hut in OVa brs. , also very difficult. — Ellein- 
Schreckhorn (11,475'), from the Schwarzegg Hut in 4-5 hrs., interest- 
ing for expert climbers (guide 50 fr.). — Monch (13,465'), ascended either 
from the Bergli Hut by the E. arete in 5-6 hrs. (guide 70 fr., to Eggi shorn 
90 fr.), or from the Guggi Hut (p. 218) by the N.W. side in 8-9 hrs. (very 
difficult; guide 80 fr., to Eggishorn 90 fr.). — Eiger (13,040'; first ascended 
by Mr. Chas. Barringtou in 1858), from the Little Scheidegg via the Eiger 
Glacier and the W. arete, 8 hrs., or from the Bergli Hut, 6-7 hrs., difficult 
but very fine (guide 70 fr.). — Gross-Fiescherhorn (13,285'), from the 
Bergli Hut by the Lower Monch-Joch and the S.W. arete, or by the 
Fiescher-Sattel, between the Grosse and Hintere Fiescherhorn, in 41/2- 
5V2 hrs. (guide 70 fr.), also difficult. 

Passes. To THE GrRiMSEL Hospice over the *Strah.legg (10,995'; 
14 hrs.; guide 40 fr., porter 30 fr.), a grand but toilsome route. From 
Grindelwald via Baregg to the (6 hrs.) Schwarzegg Hut (8265') and the 
(1 hr.) StraJUegg Hut of the S. A. C. (8858') on the Upper Eismeer; thence 
a steep ascent over ice and rock to the (2 hrs.) pass, lying between the Gross- 
Lauteroarhorn and the Strahlegghorner ; descent (steep and sometimes 
trying) over the (^./4-l hr.) Strahleggfirn and the Finsteraar and Unteraar 
Glaciers to the (6 hrs.) Grimsel Hospice (p. 234). In the reverse direction 
the route is less trying and more interesting: from the {^^ 1 2 hrs.) Doll fus 
Hut (p. 235), where the night is spent, to the Strahlegg 5 hrs., thence to 
Grindelwald 6 hrs. — Over the Finsteraar-Joch (10,925'; 15-16 hrs. ; guide 
40 fr.), between the Strahlegghorner and the Agassizhorn, very trying, but 
with splendid views of the Finsteraarhorn, etc. — Over the Ijauteraar- 
Sattel (10,355'; 15-16 hrs. ; guide .50 fr.), between the Schreckhorner and the 
Berglistock, fatiguing, but usually without serious difficulty to proficients. 
The night is spent in the (5 hrs.) Gleckstein Hotel (p. 221) ; thence we ascend 
the Upper Grindelwald- Firn in 4 hrs. to the pass, which affords a grand 
survey of the Gross-Schreckhorn, Lauteraarhorn, etc. We then descend 
a steep snow-slope to the Lauteraarfirn (sometimes guarded by a wide 
'Bergschrund' or chasm) and the (3 hrs.) Dollfus Hut (p. 235), 3V2 hrs. 
from the Grimsel Hospice (p. 234). 

Passes from Grindelwald to the Eggishorn Hotel (p. 390), all 
difficult and for experts only, with able guides. The Jungirau-Joch 
(11,090'; guide 90 fr.), between the Jungfrau and Monch, from the Little 
Scheidegg to the Eggishorn Hotel in 19 hrs., via the Guggi Glacier, is 
very difficult and dangerous. — The passage of the Monchjoch (11,680'; 
guide 60 fr.), 11-12 hrs. from station Eismeer, or 17-18 hrs. from Grindel- 
wald to the Eggishorn Hotel, is facilitated by spending a night in the Bergli 
Hut (see below), or when the journey is made in the reverse direction, 
in the Concordia Inn (p. 391). This is relatively the easiest and also 
the most frequented of these passes, but it is difficult and should not 
be attempted except when the snow is in good order. From the Eismeer 
station (p. 217) in I1/2 hr., or from the (2 hrs.) Baregg (p. 221) by the 
precipitous Kalli and the Grindelwald- Fiescher Glacier in 6 hrs. to the 
Bergli Club hut (10,840'; keeper), commanding a grand though not ex- 
tensive view. From the hut a steep and difficult climb of 1 hr. over rock 
and ice leads to the Lower Monchjoch (11,680'), to the W. of the Walcher- 
horn, whence we descend over the wide Ewig-Schneefeld of the Great Aletsch 
Glacier to the Concordia Hut and (7-8 hrs.) the Eggishorn Hotel (p. 390). 
— The Eiger-Joch (11,875'; guide 90 fr.), between the Eiger and Monch, 
19 hrs. from the Little Scheidegg to the Eggishorn, and the Fiesclier- 
Joch. (12,630'; guide 90 fr.), to the S.E. of the Kleine Fiescherhorn or 
Ochsenhorn (12,812'), 14-15 hrs. from the Schwarzegg Club Hut to the 
Eggishorn Hotel, are both very toilsome and difficult. 


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49. The Paulhorn. 

Guide (unnecessary): from Grindelwald and back 15, if a night be 
spent at the top 18 fr. ; from the Schynige Platte (to be ordered before- 
hand) 8, with descent to Grrindelwald 20, or via the Great Scheidegg to 
Meiringen or Innertkirchen 25 fr. Strong shoes are essential. — Chair 
Porters 6 f r. each ; if they pass the night on the top, 12 f r. (three generally 
suffice; a bargain should be made beforehand). — Horse from Grrindelwald 
and back 20 (or with one night out, 25) fr. ; to the top and via the G-reat 
Scheidegg to Meiringen or Innertkirchen 40 fr. ; from the Schynige Platte 
to the top 20 fr. ; from Meiringen to the Faulhorn in one day .30 fr., to 
the Faulhorn and Grindelwald 36 fr. — Inn on the summit (32 beds at 5, 
B. 21/4, D. 5 fr.), open for winter-sports from Christmas to end of February. 

The *Faulhorn (8805'), rising between the Lake of Brienz 
and the valley of Grindelwald, and composed of friable, calcareous 
schist (faul, 'rotten'), affords a closer survey than the Rigi of the 
giants of the Bernese Oberland. To the N., at our feet, lies the 
Lake of Brienz, with its mountains, from the Augstmatthorn to the 
Rothorn; part of Lake Thun, with the Niesen and Stockhorn, is also 
visible ; to the N.E. are parts of the Lakes of Lucerne and Zug, with 
the Pilatus, Rigi, and Titlis ; then Lakes Morat and Neuchatel. 

From Grindelwald to the Faulhorn (5 hrs. ; descent 3^2 hrs.). 
From the Bear Hotel (p. 218) we cross the road and ascend straight 
between the hotel-stables and the new chalet; after 3 min., to the 
right (the path to the left leads to Hot. Victoria, p. 219); 10 min., 
at the intersection of the 'Terrace Walk' (p. 220), straight on; 
5 min., to the right (path to the left to be avoided). The footpath 
unites in about 10 min. more with the bridle-path that begins op- 
posite the Eagle Hotel (ascent thence to this point ^2 ^^•)- ^^^ 
now follow the main path, partly through wood. After 35 min., on 
the Hertenhuhl pasture (5157'), the path turns sharply to the left, 
ascending past a refreshment hut into (10 min.) wood; 10 min., to 
the right, past a small pond; 20 min., a gate; 25 min., Waldspitz 
(6200'; Hot. -Pens. Alpenrose, unpretending, R. 2^2-3, pens. 6- 
8 fr.), with a splendid view. This point is nearly halfway. Farther 
on (20 min.), to the left, is a fall of the Muhlebachj which we cross 
near the upper chalets of the Bach Alp (6496'). The path keeps 
to the left at the fork 10 min. farther on, crosses the Weisshacli, 
and ascends to the (35 min.) Bach-See (7428'), in a stony basin, 
bounded on the left by the Rotihyrn (9052') and Simelihorn (9030'), 
and on the right by the RUzeufjrdfli (8282'). (By th(i stone hut 
the path for those descending to the Scheidegg diverges to the Icl't, 
see p. 224.) The top of the Faulhorn is now in view. The path, 
indicated by stakes, ascends rapidly for nearly 1 hr. over a stony 
chaos. Higher up, on the Gasscnhoden, we pass anothcT stone hut 
(Alpine horn), cross the nearly level })astures at the foot of the 
jjenk, and reach the top by a zigzag path in ^L hr. more. 

For th(! Uktimcn to (iuini>ki,walu (li hrs.) pedcHtri.iiiH may lukr lln* 
patli by the liu>tn Alp, whicli divergeH to the ri^ht at the Htoiie hut on 

224 ///. i2. 49. -Map, p. 200. FAtJLHORN. 

the Gassenboden. To the W. of the upper chalets rises the Bu7'g (7250'), 
which is sometimes ascended from Grindelwald direct in 4 hrs. for the 
sake of the view (care must be taken to avoid the precipices on the S. 
side; guide 10 fr.). 

From the Schynige Platte to the Faulhorn (4 hrs. ; descent 
3 hrs.; guide, unnecessary, 8 fr.). The picturesque bridle-path, 
the beginning of which is indicated by a finger-post below the 
station (p. 204), first crosses the Oberberg above the Iselten Alp, 
below the steep Oberberghorn (p. 205). Skirting the S. slopes of 
the Laucherhorn (8333'), we come to (1 hr.) the rock-gate of the 
Schafgatter, and traverse the rocky debris of the Schranni, beyond 
which (20 min.) , at the foot of the Sdgishbrner, a footpath de- 
scends along the brook to the right. (In descending, therefore, we 
here keep to the right, with the hotel on the Schynige Platte in 
sight, and the Geisshorn and Gummihorn above it.) We turn to the 
left and cross (8 min.) the watershed of the Egg (6915'; small 
refuge-hut), whence the new bridle-path (red marks), to the right, 
gradually ascends on the N. slope of the Sdgisgrat. Farther on, 
high above the Sdgistal Lake (6030'), the path rounds the N.E. 
end of the Sagisgrat to its S. side (poor stone-hut), then skirts the 
rocky cauldron of the Weite-Tal, and ascends the N. flank of the 
Winter egg (8265'). Passing (1 hr.) a small shelter-hut, the path 
ascends rapidly, crosses the Faulegg (8445') and reaches (1 hr.) the 
top of the Faulhorn. 

From the Faulhorn to the Great Scheidegg (3 hrs. ; ascent 4 hrs. ; 
guide, not indispensable, 8 fr.). The path (red way-marks) diverges to 
the left from the Grindelwald path near the (^/^ hr.) hut at the S.E. end 
of the Bach-See (p. 223), traverses the stony slopes pf the Ritzengratli, and 
is nearly level for some distance; 1/2 hr., a gate between the Bach Alp 
and the Widderfeld Alp; after crossing the bed of a brook we descend, 
and proceed nearly on a level above the Lang enh aim- Egg (on the left 
the precipices of the Schinnen Flatten). Farther on we traverse the 
pastures of the Upper Ghrindel Alp, skirting the left slope and keeping 
the general direction of the conspicuous Scheidegg Inn (to the left of the 
Wetterhorn). After crossing several arms of the Bergelbach, we reach 
the (50 min.) upper chalets of the Grindel Alp (6410'). At (1/4 hr.) a gate 
we ascend to the right on this side of the fence, pass through the next 
gate (12 min.), and make for the top of the hill; 8 min., Scheidegg Inn 
(p. 231). — In ascending from the Scheidegg paths leading to the left 
should be avoided (comp. p. 231). 

The view from the Faulhorn is partially intercepted by the neigh- 
l)Ouring group of the Simelihorn (9030') and the Rotihorn (9062'), 
rising between the Finsteraarhorn and the Schreckhorn, which conceals 
part of the Alpine chain and the valley of Grindelwald. Tne Rotihorn, 
from which the magnificent view is uninterrupted, is ascended from the 
Bach-See in IV2 hr. (guide advisable; from the Faulhorn 5 f r. , from 
Grindelwald 15 fr.). 

The view is still grander and more extensive from the *Schwarz- 
horn, or Grindelwald- Schioarzhorn (9610'), which, with the Wildgerst 
(9490'), intercepts the view from the Faulhorn on the E. side. (The 
lakes of Lungern, Sarnen, Alpnach, and Ktlssnacht are visible hence, all 
lying in the same line.) The ascent is made from Grindelwald by the 
Grindel Alp in 4i/a hrs. (guide 12 fr.); via the Great Scheidegg and the 
Krinnenboden in 6 hrs. (guide 15 fr.); from the Hotel Schwarzwaldalp 
(p. 231) in 33/4 hrs. ; or from Axalp (p. 229) in 51/2 hrs. 



50. Prom Meiringen to Interlaken. 
Lake of Brienz. 

From Meiringen to Brienz (71/2 M.) Railway iu 20-25 miu. (fares 
1 fr. 35 c., 95 c., 70 c). — From Brienz (station) to /nierZa/ren Steamboat 
8 times daily in l-l^/a hr. (fares 2 fr. 75, 1 fr. 40 c). — Greneral season 
tickets for the lakes of Thun and Brienz, see p. 194. 

Meiringen. — Hotels. *H6t. du Sauvage, 3min. from the station, 
with garden, May Ist-Oct. 1st, 110 beds, R. 3-8, L. 3V2, D. 5, pens. 8-14 fr. ; 
*H6t. de l'Ours, open in winter also, 80 beds, R. 2V2-6, B. II/2, L. 3, 
D. 4, pens. 8-12 fr. ; — Couroxxe, 50 beds at 2-31/2, B. I1/4, D. 3, S. 2Va, 
pens. 6-9 f r. ; *H6t.-Pens. Brijxig, April Ist-Nov. 1st, 90 beds at 2-6, 
B. 11/4, D. 31/25 pens. 6-12 f r. ; Hot. garni Oberland (temperanee), May 
1st -Oct. 30th, 50 beds at 2-4, B. IV2, S. IV2-2 fr. ; *Post, 45 beds at 2-4, B. 
11/4, D. 3, pens. 6-8 f r. ; *H6t.-Pens. Anderegg, 50 beds at 2-31/2, B. 
11/4, D. 3, pens. 6-8 fr. ; Hot. -Restaurant Victoria, R. 2-21/2, B. I1/4, D. 
2-3, pens. 5-6 fr. ; Hot. de la Gtare, 32 beds at 2-3, B. I1/4, pens. 5-7 fr., 
well spoken of; *Meiringer Hof, Kirchgasse, 30 beds at 2-3i/a, B. I1/2, D. 
3-31/2, pens. 6-8 fr. ; *Croix Blanche, 60 beds at 2-31/2, B. I1/4, D. 3, pens. 
6-9 fr. ; Rudenz-Hot. Rutli, 40 beds at 2-3, D. 2-3, pens. 6-8 fr. ; Abler, 
50 beds at 2, D. 21/2, pens. 6-8 fr., very fair; Lowe, 38 beds at 2-21/2, pens. 
6-8 fr., well spoken of; Hirsch, 1/2 M. from the station, 40 beds at 2-3, pens. 
6-8 fr., good; *H6t.-Pens. Flora, 65 beds at 2-3, D. 21/2, pens.69 fr. — *H6t. 
des Alpes Reichenbach, May Ist-Oct. 31st, 120 beds, R. 3-6, L. 3, D. 4, 
pens. 7-15 fr., beyond the Aare near the station of the Reichenbach cable- 
tramway (p. 226), 1 M. from Meiringen (electric tramway, see below) ; Hot.- 
Pens. Willigen (p. 232), pens. 4-6 f r. , unpretending. — Furnished rooms 
at Ahplanalp-Baimer's, Postgasse, near the station; Frau Sinniger^s, 
Bahnhof-Str., etc. 

Restaurants in the hotels; Brauerei Stein, with garden. — Confec- 
tioners: Gu7iter, opposite the poHt-office; Michel- Muller^ in the main street. 

English Church in the garden of the Hotel du Sauvage. 

Guides. Melchior, Joh. , Peter, and Alf. Anderegg, M. Blatter, 
P. Brugger, Kasp. Huggler, Kasp. Moor, Joh. Jaggi , Albert and Joh. 
Jaun, Nik., Melchior, Kasp., and Andr. Kohler, Heinrich and Andr. Rieder, 
Ferd. and Kaspar Roth, Andr. Stahli, Balth. and Hans Tannler, Melchior 
Zenger, Andreas and Joh. Winterberger, Simon ZurflUh, etc. 

Meiringen (I960'; pop. 3100), the principal station on the 
Brilnig Bailway (R. 38), is the chief place of the Hasli-Tal, 
the inhabitants of which, according to tradition, immigrated with 
the Schwyzers from Scandinavia. The village lies on the right 
bank of the Aare, in a wide valley, surrounded by wooded moun- 
tains, above which rise several snowy peaks. To the S. appear the 
Reichenbach Falls (see p. 226), with the snow-fields of the Well- 
horn and the Rosenlaui Glacier above them. The Muhlebach, Alp- 
barhj and Dorfljach, descending from the Hasliberg to the N. of 
the village, form considerable falls (in the season the Alpbach Falls 
are illuminated at 9 p.m.). The massive detached church-tower of 
Meiringen originally belong(;d to a castle. Pleasant shady walks 
beyond the church. Wood-carving is extensively practised here. 

The chief point of interest near Meiringen, next to the Reichenbach 
Fall, ig the *G-orge of the Aare (Aareschbicht, Aarehimm) , IV4 M. 
from the Htation (electric tramway, to be opened in 1912, in V4 l"*-? 40, 
there and back 70 c. ; carr. there ai; ' back, with stay of I'/s br., i fr., two- 

Bakdkkkk, Switzerland. 24th Edition. 15. 

226 HI- R. 50.-- Maps, pp, 160,200. MEIRINGEN. Bernese 

horse 7 fr.). The road diverges to the left beyond the (V2 M.) Willigen- 
Briicke (p. 232; that to the right leading to the Hot. Reichenbach, see 
below and p. 225). Pedestrians take the road straight on at the Hirsch Inn 
(way-board) to (1/4 hr.) the new iron bridge over the Aare, where they join 
the main road (8 min. short of the gorge). At the entrance to the gorge 
is a Restaurant, where tickets are obtained (1 fr. ; umbrella desirable). 
The wild and romantic rocky gorge, which carries the Aare through the 
Kirchet (p. 232), is 1630 yds. long, and has been made accessible by 
means of tunnels, galleries, and steps, protected by iron railings. After 
10 min. we pass the pretty Schrdybach Fall on the left, and in 20 min. 
more we reach the head of the gorge, which is on the S. side of the 
Kirchet, on the Innertkirchen road (p. 232). On the way is an iron 
foot-bridge crossing to the opposite bank and leading to the Trockene 
Lamm, a rocky basin (no exit). We return the same way, or we ascend 
through the Tinstere Schlucht', with remarkable basins formed by 
erosion, to (1/4 hr.) the Lammi Inn, on the road over the Kirchet (p. 228). 
A good path leads hence via Geissholz (p. 232) to the upper Reichenbach 
Fall (3/4 hr.). 

From the Hotel Reichenbach (p. 225) a cable-railway ascends every 
20 min. in 10 min. to the *Upper Reichenbach Fall (fare 1 fr., 
down ^U, there and back IVa fr.). The line (V2 M. long; maximum 
gradient 60 : 100) crosses the Reichenbach below the central fall and ends 
on the left side of the fine upper fall (2740'), which descends in one 
huge leap into a deep rocky basin. On summer-evenings the fall is 
illuminated by large electric reflectors. A footpath leads from the upper 
station to the (10 min.) terrace of a former restaurant, situated vertically 
above the upper fall, and to the (10 min.) Zwirgi Inn (p. 230). — Walkers 
from the Hot. Reichenbach follow the footpath, which is repeatedly 
crossed by the funicular railway and passes the pretty Middle Falls, as 
far as the road below the Pens. Wyss (see below; 1/2 hr. to the upper 
fall); or (better) they follow the road via (1 M.) Willigen (p. 232) to the 
(IV2 M.) Pens. Wyss (carr. from Meiringen to this point 7, with two horses 
12 fr.), and take the path to the right, which leads to (6 min.) the chalet 
(rfmts.) on the right side of the upper fall. — The Lower Fall, 10 min. 
to the W. of the Hot. Reichenbach, also deserves a visit. The Reichen- 
bach here descends in two copious cascades, foaming over rocks, and 
drives a saw-mill below. 

About 1 M. to the N. of Meiringen on the Hasliberg road (50 min. 
to the Hot. Alpbach, see below) is the Gorge of the Alpbach (adm. 
80 c, for a party 40 c. each), which begins near a refreshment-stall 
above both the falls visible from the valley. Through the gorge a rocky 
path, with numerous steps, ascends to the Hasliberg, turning to the 
right at the top and traversing meadows to the (25 min.) "^ Hotel- Pension 
Alpbach (2864'; 54 beds at 2V2-3V27 B. I1/4, D. 31/2, pens. 6-9 fr.), with 
a fine view of the Wetterhorn group and the Hasli-Tal, whence a road 
goes on to (40 min.) Reuti (see below). — About 1^/4 hr. to the N.W. of 
Meiringen (direct road 41/2 M., one-horse carriage 9, two-horse 17 fr.), but 
much more easily reached from the Brilnig Pass (p. 169) by a fine new 
road in 1 hr. (diligence via Hohfluh to Reuti, 5 M., twice daily in I1/4 hr.), 
is the village of Hohfluh (3440'; *Hdt.-Kurhaus Hohfluh, 70 beds, pens. 
6V2-9 fr. ; *H6t. Wetterhorn, 60 beds, pens. 7-9 fr. ; Pens. Alpenruhe, 6-7 fr. ; 
Hot.-Pens. Bellevue, 60 beds, pens. 6V2-8 fr. ; Hot. Bar, pens. 6 fr., well 
spoken of), a health-resort commanding a fine view of the Wetterhorner, 
etc. — From Hohfluh the road ascends past (10 min.) the splendidly situated 
*H6t. Schweizerhof {SMb'; 70 beds, R. 2-5, L. 3, D. 4, pens. 7-12 fr.) 
to the (20 min.) saddle at the Kurhaus Wasseriuendi (4020'; 60 beds, pens. 
5-8 f r.), and then descends to the village of (25 min.) Goldern (3526'; Pens. 
Grietscherblick, 5-5V2 ^r.), on the Dorfbach. Farther on the road proceeds 
through meadows and, crossing the rocky valley of the Alpbach by a 
long circuit, ascends to (40 min.) Reuti (3430'; *HOt.-Pens. Victoria, 
100 beds, R. 2-4, B. IV2, D- 31/2, pens. 61/2-9 f r. ; *Kurhaus Hasliberg, 


Oberland. BRIENZ. Max},p.200.~~III.R. 50. 227 

50 beds, pens. 6-7 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. des Alpes^ 45 beds, pens. 51/2 -7 fr. ; 
Pens, von Bergen), a finely situated village, frequented as a summer- 
resort and commanding a magnificent view of the Rosenlaui Glacier, 
Wetterhorner, etc. Descent to Meiringen via the Hot, Alpbach, see p. 226; 
path to the Engstlen-Alp , p. 169. — Numerous pleasant excursions: from 
Hohfluh to the Schoren Alp (4115'; 1 hr.); Giebel (6680'; 3 hrs.); from 
Reuti to the *Planplatte (7340'; interesting), ascent by the Mdgis Alp in 
31/2 brs., descent hy t\iQ Gummen Alp in 2V2 brs. — The *Hohenstollen 
(8150'; splendid view; panorama by Stierlin) may be ascended from Hoh- 
fluh via the Balis Alp in 4V2 hrs., or from Reuti in the same time, by 
the Mdgis Alp and the Schwarzenfluh (guide 7 f r. ; from Meiringen 
10 fr.). Descent to Melchsee-Frutt, see p. 167. — Over the Weit-Ries to 
Melchsee-Frutt, see p. 167. 

The train skirts the right bank of the canalized Aare. The 

beautiful Oltschibach and other cascades fall from the cliffs on 

the left. 5 M. Station Brienziviler (Restaurant Balmhof) , 1 M. 

below the village. The line then skirts the geologically interesting 

Ballenberg (2385'), bends to the right, and follows the bank of 

Lake Brienz, by Kienholz, a village overwhelmed by a mud-stream 

of the Lammbach in 1896-97, to — 

7V2 ^- Brienz. — The Station is at Tracht, to the E. of Brienz, 
clo&e to the station of the Rothor7i Railway and the Steamboat Pier. 
Several of the steamers touch also near the Hot. de I'Ours in Brienz. — 
Hotels. *Croix Blanche, near the station, 65 beds at 2-4, B. IV4, D. 3, 
pens. 5-8 f r. ; *Hotel de l'Ours (Bdr), V2 M. from the station, with a 
terrace on the lake, 50 beds at 2-4, B. IV4, D. 3, pens. 6-8 fr. ; Hot. de 
LA Gake, 18 beds at 1V-2-2V2? pens. 5-7 fr., well spoken of; Hotel du Lac, 
35 beds, pens. 5-7 fr., good; Stern, 20 beds at 2-5i'/25 pens. 5-6V2fr' I Rossn, 
pens. 5-6 fr., well spoken of; *H6t.-Pens. Belle vue at Kienholz, ^/^ M. to 
the E., with garden on the lake, 25 bods, pens. 5-6 fr. — E7iglish Church 
Service in summer. 

The village of Brienz (2600 inhab.), adjoined on the E. by 
TrarM, stretches for IV2 ^- along the bank of the Lake of Brienz, 
backed by green pastures dotted with fruit-trees, above which 
rises the Brienzer Grat, whence descend the falls of the Tracht- 
bach and the Muhlbach. Brienz is the centre of the Oberland 
wood-carving, which here employs about 600 persons, and of 
which specimens may be bought at Ed. Binder & Go's and Gebriider 
Huggler's. The Wood Carving School deserves a visit. On a hill 
about ^4 ^1- farther to the W. is the Church, with a carved altar of 
1517, commanding a view of the Sustenhorner in the background. 

The **Bri6nzer Rathorn (7715'), the highest peak of the Brienzer 
Grat, is a famous point of view. Rack-and-Pinion Railway (station, 
sec above) 7-8 times daily in summer, in 1 hr. 10 min. (up 8 fr., down 
4 fr., there and back 10 fr., party of 6-20, 8 fr. each; family-tickets for 
6 jnurneyH there and back 30 fr.). This line (4^/4 M. long; maxinnini 
gradient 25:100) ascends throngli luxuriant meadows, soon alfordiuM: a 
view of the Lake of Brienz and tlie Schwarzhorn range. Beyond the bridge 
across the Trachthach the ascent becomes steeper; the line approaches 
the Miihlhach, turns to the right by means of the sliort Schirarzfliih 
Tunvel, and mounts to the (1'/., M.) station of Gcldncd (3;m;o'). To 
the right we overlook the valb^y of Meiiingcn and the. SuKtcnhiinier. 
Describing a large loop, we pass through the Stochisgnihcn Tftttnel 
and the the tunnels of the Phitialpfiuh to the (2 M.) station llniisstntt 
(4:J83'; KurhauH Planalj), puns, from 5 fr.), in view of the IilUmlisal|> atul 


228 III. R. 50. — Map, p. 200. GIESSBACH. Bernese 

Doldenhorn. We then follow the left, and, farther up, the right, bank 
of the MUhlhach, traverse the pastures of the Plavalp, pass the chalets 
of Mittelstafel (5023'), and beyond the Kuhmatt Tunnel (100 yds.) reach 
the (3Va M.) watering -station of Oherst-Stafel (5980'). Finally the line 
sweeps round the uppermost valley, bends back by means of the two 
Schbneyg Tunnels, and reaches its terminus at {^^U M.) station Rothorn- 
Kulm (7388'), 3 miu. below the *H6tel Rothorn-Kulm (7446'; 36 beds, 
R. 3V2-6, B. IV25 L- 3V25 !)• 4, pens. 8-12 fr.). A good path ascends hence 
to the right to the (20 min.) summit, on which a triangular stone marks 
the contact of the cantons of Bern, Lucerne, and Unterwalden. The view 
(panorama at the hotel; best in the morning and evening) vies in extent 
and picturesque charm with that from the Rigi. The prospect embraces 
the chain of the Appenzell, TJri, Engelberg, and Bernese Alps, from the 
Sentis to the Diablerets, with the Lake of Brienz in the foreground; the 
Hasli-Tal from Meiringen nearly to the GTrimsel; on the other side the 
small Ey-See , the Lake of Sarnen, a considerable part of the Lake of 
Lucerne with the Rigi, part of the Lake of Zug, the Emmen-Tal, and a 
long strip of the Lake of Neuchatel. — The Bkidle Path from Brienz 
to the Rothorn (51/2 hrs.) ascends the risrht bank of the Trachtbach \ik 
Goldried to the (2V2 hrs.) Hausstatt (p. 227) and proceeds over the Planalp 
to the (3/4 hr.) Mittelstafel (see above), whence, turning to the right, it 
ascends by the Oberst-Stafel in numerous zigzags to the (21/4 hrs.) Hotel 
Rothorn-Kulm. — From the Rothorn to Gisioil, see p. 168; \ik Sorenberg 
and Fliihli to Schupfheim, see p. 175. 

The light-green Lake of Brienz (1857'), 8^/4 M. long, and 
1^/4-1^2 M- wide, 500' deep near the Giessbach and 860' near 
Oberried, lies 20' higher than the Lake of Thun. It is enclosed 
by lofty wooded rocks and mountains. A beautiful road skirts its 
N. bank (from Brienz to Interlaken, lO^g ^-5 one-horse carr. 
8-10 fr. ; railway under construction). To the S.E., in the back- 
ground, are the snow-clad Sustenhorner, to the right of which are 
the Tierberge. The steamboat crosses the lake to the (10 min.) — 

Giessbach. — From the landing-place (buffet) we may walk to 
the terrace opposite the falls by a road in 20 min., or ascend by the Cable 
Tramway (380' long; gradient 28:100) in 6 min. (there and back 1 fr.). 

Hotels. *H6tel-Pension Giessbach (2^65' above the sea), a large 
establishment with a restaurant on the terrace opposite the falls, open 
May-Get., 150 beds, R. 3-7, B. IV2, L- 3^21 1^- 4V2» pens. 8-15 fr. ; illumination 
of the falls 1 fr. (for the first evening only), music 2 fr. per week; post, 
telegraph, telephone, and railway ticket office. Connected with the hotel 
by a covered promenade is the *Kurhaus and Hydropathic Giessbach 
(the old hotel; pens. 7V2-I2 fr.). English Church Service in summer. — 
Hotel Beau-Site, 1/4 M. higher, less pretentious, 40 beds at 2-3, B. IVj, 
D. 3, S. 21/2, pens. 5-7 fr. 

The ^Giessbach is one of the prettiest and most popular spots 

in the Bernese Oberland. The stream, copious at all seasons, rises 

on the N. slope of the Wildgerst (p. 229), and on its way to the 

Lake of Brienz forms seven cascades, together 980' in height, 

falling from rock to rock, and framed in dark-green foliage. Only 

the lowest fall is seen from the steamer; the terrace in front of 

the hotel affords a complete view. The falls are crossed by three 

bridges. Paths lead on both banks to the (^4 hr.) second bridge, 

whence a path ascends on the right bank to the (V2 hr.) third and 

highest bridge, where the Giessbach, issuing from a sombre ravine, 

Oherland. ISELTWALD. Map, p. 200.^111. R. 50. 229 

is precipitated into an abyss, 190' in depth. About noon rainbows 
are formed in the spray. — The falls are illuminated with Bengal 
lights at 9.30 every evening from 15th May to the end of September. 

A guide-post behind the Hydropathic (p. 228) indicates the way, 
to the left, to the (20 min.) Rauft (2460'), a wooded rock commanding 
a view of the Lake of Brienz. — The path to the right from the guide- 
post leads to the Alpine hamlet of Enge, situated among beautiful pas- 
tures. Pretty view at the point (Va hr.) where the path reaches the lake. 
We then descend past the Nciseli to the Aare Bridge and the Meiringen 
and Brienz road (p. 227). — Above the Giessbach (IV4 hr. ; good bridle- 
path through the Rutiwald) is the *Kurliaus Schweibenalp (3705'; open 
June-Oct., pens. 6-8Va f^O? finely situated, and 1 hr. farther up (porter 
5 fr.) lies Axalp (4985'; Hot. Bellevue, 70 beds, pens. 4V2-6 fr. ; Peiis. 
Axcdp, 10 min. farther on, 100 beds, pens. 4V2-5V2 fr-, both unpretending 
but good), a health-resort, whence we may ascend the Axalphorn (7635'; 
2Vahrs. ; guide 8 fr.), the Schwarzhor7i (9610'; 4V2-5 hrs. ; guide 20 fr. ; 
comp. p. 224), and the Wildgerst (9490'; 41/2 hrs. ; guide 20 fr.).— About 
1 hr. from Pens. Axalp (3 hrs. from the Hotel Griessbach) is the Hinter- 
hurg-See (5000'), charmingly situated in wood at the base of the OUschikopf. 

Ascent of the Faulhorn (p. 223) from the Gtiessbach, 6-7 hrs. (guide 
12 fr., recommended to novices), fatiguing at places, especially on the 
Batten Alp, which is exposed to the morning-sun. 

From the Giessbach to Interlaken (31/2 hrs.). A good, well-shaded 
path, crossing the first bridge over the falls, and bearing to the right 
(finger-posts), leads to the (V2 hi"0 Hohfluh, a charming point of view. 
It then runs high above the lake and descends to (1 hr.) Iseltwald (see 
below), from which a road (steep ascent at first; not recommended to 
walkers) leads to (IVa M.) Se^igg, (3 M.) Bonigen, and (I1/2 M.) Interlaken. 

From the Giessbach the ordinary steamers steer to Oberried, 

on the N. bank, but the express-boats follow the precipitous S. bank, 

past the small wooded ^c/i/?ecA:e7Z-y/zseZ, with its little chapel, direct 

to the pretty village of Iseltwald {^Hof.-Pens. du Lac, pens. 

5-8 fr. ; Hot.-Pens. Iseltwald^ E. 2-3, D. 3, pens. S-Gi/g fr. ; Pens. 

Villa Belvedere, 6-8 fr. ; Pens. Bellevue, 4^/2-5 fr., well spoken of; 

Restaurant zum Strand)., whence a road leads to Interlaken (6 M. ; 

see above). — Then Niederried, charmingly situated on the N. bank 

at the foot of the Aug stmatt horn (p. 204). Farther on, beyond a 

promontory, is Ringyenberg (p. 203), with its ruin and church. 

On the 8. bank is the influx of the Liitschine, which descends from 

the valley of Lautcrbrunnen. The steamer stops at Bonigen (p. 200) 

and enters the canalized Aare. The pier at Interlaken is opposite 

the railway-station Interlaken- Ost (p. 199). 

51. From Meiringen to Grindelwald over 
the Great Scheidegg. 

T'/a-H liFM. Itoad to S(:kviar::wal(i Alp i\\^j>^ lirs.), or cal)le-railway and 
footpath in Va hr. to the Zwii^n Jnn and road thenco to Schwarzwald Al|) 
(2'/4 hrs., descent Vj^\\r.)', from Srhwarzwald to the (iroat Schcide^'g 2'/4 
(deBcent l'/4)l)rH. ; from the S(;heid(!gg to (irindelwald 2 (ascent 3) hoiUH. 
— Guide fnnnecoHHary) 12 fr., including th(? Faulliorn 2() U'.~ Carriage 
from Meiringen to IloHenlaui with on(* horHC 15, with two liorneH 27 fr. — 
IJome from Meiringen to IloHenlatii 10, S»;h('ide{^^' 35, Orindelwald 25 fr. 

Cable Railway to the Upper ReicJienbach Fall in iO min., see 

230 III' R'51. — Map, p. 200. ROSENL AUI. Bernese 

p. 226. A footpath, the first part of which is damp with the spray 
of the fall, leads from the station in 20 min. (descent 12 min.) past 
the former restaurant mentioned on p. 226 to a bridge crossing 
the Reichenbach near the Zivirgi Inn (3200' ; fine retrospect of 
the Hasli valley). — The Road diverges to the right from the Grimsel 
route (p. 232) at (1 M.) the hamlet of Willigen (1970' ; Hot. Willigen, 
see p. 225) and ascends via (1^2 ^0 Schwendi (2555'; Hot. -Pens. 
Wyss, R. V/2-^1 D- 272? pens. 6-^^/2 h.) in long windings, finally 
traversing wood, to (2 M.) the Zwirgi Inn (see above). 

A path to the right at the Pens. Wyss ascends to (6 min.) the pavilion 
(rfmts.) on the right side of the Upper Fall of the Reichenbach, whence 
it proceeds to (25 min.) the Zwirgi Inn (comp. p. 226). — Travellers from 
Rosenlaui to Innertkirchen (the Grrimsel, Engstlen Alp, etc.) may, omit- 
ting the Falls of the Reichenbach and Mciringen, save nearly an hour by 
following the road for 18 min. beyond the path to the falls, till it quits 
the wood, and then descend to the right by a footpath to the village of 
(25 min.) Geissholz (2628'), hidden among fruit-trees, and to (40 min.) 
Innertkirchen (p. 232). 

The road (narrow and without railings) ascends the valley of the 

Reichenbach, past the Oher- Zwirgi Inn, high above the right bank, 

in windings which may be cut oif by the old bridle-path. Before us 

soon appears the Wellborn, with the Wetterhorn to the right of it, 

and behind it the Rosenhorn to the left, and the sharp peak of the 

Eiger to the right. We pass the i^j^ hr.) Hot.-Pens. Kaltenbrunnen- 

Sage (3986'; R. 272-3, pens. 6-7 fr.). 

An easy path (not to be missed) ascends hence to the left through 
meadows dotted with maple-trees to the (IV2 M.) *Hohbalni (4497'), 
commanding a magniticent view of the Wetterhorn group, and, to the N., 
of the Hasli-Tal and the Sustenhorner. 

Still continuing to ascend slightly, we reach the (20 min.) 
Gschwandenmad (4260'), a pasture provided with benches and 
commanding a celebrated **View: the bare pinnacles of the Engel- 
/lor/ier (9130'), the beautiful itose/iZamG^^acier between thei)osse7i- 
horn (10,300') and the Wellhorn (10,485'), and the snow-clad 
Wetterhorn (12,150') to the right, together with the beautiful fore- 
ground, present a picture unsurpassed in Switzerland. Beyond the 
bridge the road goes on to (20 min.) Rosenlaui (a path diverging 
to the right leads direct to the Hot. Schwarzwaldalp, but is in bad 
repair and not recommended). 

The Baths of Rosenlaui (4364' ; ^Hot.-Pens. Kurhaus, open 
Mayl5th-0ct. 1st, 100 beds, R. 21/2-5, B. Vj^, L. 31/2, D. 41/2, 
pens. 8-12 fr. ; Engl. Ch. Serv.) occupy a secluded site in the well- 
watered, fir-clad valley of the Reichenbach, which forms a pretty 
fall in the gorge behind the Kurhaus. 

About V4 hr- to the E. of the hotel and 300' above it is the *Glacier 
Gorge, through which the Weissenbach, descending from the Rosenlaui 
Glacier, rushes in picturesque falls. It has been made accessible by means 
of a path 650 yds. in length, cut in the rock, with three tunnels and 
numerous steps, protected by iron railings (adm. 1 fr.). From the (10 min.) 
exit we may ascend gradually by a recently repaired path to (l^V* ^r.) 

Oberland. GREAT SCHEIDEGG. Map, p. 200.- III. R. 51. 231 

a point of view (9158') overlooking the Rosenlaui Glacier, famed for the 
purity of its ice. — About 5 hrs. above Rosenlaui, on the upper Weit- 
Sattelj is the Dossen Hut (8695'; guide 16 fr. ; p. 233). 

The road ascends in a wide bend and after 20 min. crosses the 
Reichenbach to the Breitenboden Alp; then, crossing the Pfanni- 
bach^ we reach the (20 min.) '^Kurhaus Schwarzwald-Alp (4920'; 
60 beds at ^^j^-^i ^- 3, D. 4, pens. 8-12 fr.), with the dependance 
Pens, zum Schwarzwaldgletscher 10 min. farther up. To the left 
are the precipices of the Wellborn and Wetterhorn; high np, the 
Schwarzwald Glacier. We pass a saw mill, quit the wood, cross 
a bridge (25 min.; 5315'), and ascend over the Alpiglen Alp past 
a shelter-hut to the (1^2 br.) — 

Great Scheidegg orHasli-Scheidegg (6434' ; 7/in, R. 2^2-3, 
B. 1721 L. 2^/4, D. 3^2 fi'-)i which commands a striking view to 
the W. The smiling valley of Grindelwald, bounded on the S.W. 
by the pastures and woods of the Little Scheidegg, contrasts pic- 
turesquely with the bare precipices of the Wetterhorn, which tower 
giddily above us. To the S.W. of the Wetterhorn are the Metten- 
berg, Fieschergrat, Monch, Eiger, and lastly the Tschingelgrat, 
Gspaltenhorn, and Bltimlisalp. To the N. the view is intercepted 
by the sombre Schwarzhorn and other peaks of the Faulhorn chain. 

The Route to the Faulhorn (4 hrs. ; see p. 224) diverges to the right 
close to the hotel, and cannot be mistaken in clear weather. The (3/4 hr.) 
upper chalets of the Grindel Alp (Oberldger), where the view begins to 
open, are visible from the Great Scheidegg. The descent may be made 
direct via the lower chalets (Unterldger) and Geisshalden to (IVa hr.) 
Grindelwald, or through the Bergelbach-Tal, with the * Wetterhornblick 
(view of the Wetterhorn framed in trees), to the (1 hr.) Hotel Wetterhorn. 

We descend from the Scheidegg, with the church of Grindel- 
wald in sight below. In 1 hr. we reach the Hot. -Pens. Lauch- 
huhl (4920'; R. from li/g, B. IV2, D- ^^k'^ ^^')-> where the path by 
the Engi to the Gleckstein diverges to the left (p. 221) and ^j^ hr. 
farther the Hotel Wetterhorn {4:04:0')^ near the Upper Grindehv aid 
Glacier. Thence to Grindelwald, 1 hr., see p. 220. 

52. Prom Meiringen to the Rhone Glacier 
over the Grimsel. 

2,3 M. DiT.iOENCE in summer twice daily in T'/a hrs. (from the Rhone 
Glacier to Meiringen in 5'/4 hrs.), fare 9 fr. 30 c. (coupe 11 fr. 20 c); for 
the 6 a.m. departure seats should be booked the evening before. No extra- 
post is supplied on the Grirasel route. One-horse carriage from Meiringen 
to the Rtione Glacier ('Gletsch') 35, two-horse (\b, three-horse *J0 fr. (to 
Guttannen 12, 22, 30 fr. ; HandegglT, 32, 40; Grimsel Hospice 27, 50, (55 fr.); 
from Meiringen to Andennatt <;5, 120, 1()5, Goschenen 72, 135, 175, Fiesch 
55, HX), i;i5, Brigue 75, 140, 185 fr. From Inncrtkirchen to the (himsel 
one-horse carriage 23, two-horse 42, Rhone Glacier 32 or (50, GtiHchcneu r)5 
or 120, Brigue 72 or 135 fr. ; from Brigue to Meiringen GO or 120 fr. — On 
Foot (9-10 hrs.): from Meiringen to Innertkirchfiii l'/4 hr., Guttannen 
2 hrs., Handegg l-'/* hr., (irimsel H()H])ice 2 hrs., Grimsel I'ass 1 hr., Rhone 
Glacier 1 hr. fin th<' reverse direction about H-H'/, hrs. in all). 

232 IIJ^'R- 52.^ Maps, pp. 200, 15<6 INNEETKIRCHEN. Bernese 

Meiringen (I960'), see p. 225. We cross the Aarehj the (^/g M.) 
Willigen-Brucke (passing on the left the road to the Gorge of the 
Aare, p. 226, through which runs the shortest footpath to Innert- 
kirchen), pass the (^2 M.) hamlet of Willigen (Hot. Willigen, p. 225), 
where the road to Kosenlaui diverges to the right (p. 280), and 
ascend the Kirchet, a wooded hill, sprinkled with granite blocks, 
which divides the valley into the Lo^wer and Upper Hasli-Tal. 
Near the top (1 M.) is the inn ^Zum Lammi^ (2313'), where the 
path from the Aare Gorge through the 'Finstere Schlucht' (p. 226) 
debouches. The road descends the Kirchet in long windings (short- 
cuts), with views of the Gelmerhorner at the head of the valley and 
of the Ritzlihorn to the right. At the third and last curve we pass 
the S. entrance of the Aare Gorge (p. 226). The road then tra- 
verses the fertile basin of Hasli im Grund, and crosses the Aare 
to (IV2 M.) — 

31/2 M. Innertkirehen or Im-Hof (2070'; Hot.- Pens. 
Alpenrose, at the bridge, 50 beds at 2-2^2, D- 3, pens, from 5 fr., 
well spoken of; Kurhaus Hot. Hof, 50 beds at 2-3, B. IV2 5 L. 2^2 ? 
D. 3^2 1 pens. 5-7 fr. : Alpenhof, R. l\/2-3, pens. 5-7 fr.), where the 
Susten (p. 172) and Engstlen Alp (p. 170) routes diverge to the left. 

Travellers from the Orrimsel to Grindelwald may go from Innertkirehen 
direct, via Winkel and Geissholz, to the (iVa hr.) IJjjper Reichenbach Fall 
(p. 226; enquire for the beginning of the path). It is preferable to follow 
the high-road to the Lammi Inn on the Kirchet (see above) and ascend 
thence to the left (finger-post) to the falls. 

Excursions. (Guides: Kaspar Maurer, father and son, Alex. Tannler, 
Heinr., Ulrich, Joh., and Alex. Fuhrer, Joh. Furrer, Joh. Meier, Joh. 
Moor, Kasp., Joh., and Melch. Nageli, J. Nageli-8tahli, Joh. Thoni, Kasp. 
Huber, and Arnold Kehrli at Innertkirehen.) The Benzlauistock (8303'), 
ascended to the S.E. in 5 hrs., with guide (10 fr.), is attractive and not difficult. 

The Urbach-Tal (to the Gauli Club Hut 7-8 hrs., guide 16 fr. ; comp. 
Map, p. 200), opening at Innertkirehen towards the S.W., deserves a visit. 
A road ascends from Innertkirehen to the (1 hr.) beginning of the level 
floor of the Sandei (2635'), whence an Alpine path leads to the (1 hr.) 
Alp Rohrmatten (3390'; path to the Dossen Hut to the right, see p. 338) 
and, becoming steeper, to the (IVa hr.) Alp Schrdttern (4940'). Just be- 
fore reaching the (IV2 hr.) Matten Alp (6102') we ascend to the right to 
the (1 hr.) Gauli Club Hut on the U men Alp (7220'; provision depot), 
near the huge Gauli Glacier. Ascents from the Gauli Hut (for adepts 
only) are the Hiihnertdlihorn (10,435'; 5 hrs. ; guide 25 fr.), laborious but 
attractive; the Ritzlihorn (10,765'; 5Va hrs.; guide 35 fr.), an interesting 
scramble (grand and very picturesque view); the Hangend-Gletscherh07'ii 
(10,810'; 4Vahrs.; .30 fr.), and the Renfenhorn (10,735'; 51/2 hrs. ; guide 
30 fr.), both fatiguing but interesting; the Ewigschneehorn (10,930'; 4Va- 
5 hrs. ; guide 30, with descent to the Grimsel 50 fr. , see p. 235); the 
Ankenbdlli (11,825'; 6 hrs. ; guide 35 fr.); the Berglistock (12,030'; 6-7 hrs. ; 
guide 50 fr.); and the *Rosenhorn (12,110'; 6 hrs.; 60 fr.), via the Gauli 
Glacier and the Rosenegg, grand but difficult. — Over the Bergli-Joch 
(11,160') to the Gleckstein Hut, 8 hrs. from the Gauli Hut, toilsome (guide 
35 fr.). From the Gauli Hut we ascend the Gauli Glacier to the (5-6 hrs.) 
pass, to the N. of the Berglistock (p. 221), and descend the Grindelwald- 
firn to the (2-3 hrs.) Gleckstein Hotel (p. 221). — From the Gauli Hut over 
the "West Wetterlimmi (10,830') and the Rosenlaui Glacier to Rose7i- 
laui, 8 hrs. (guide 30 fr.), fatiguing but repaying. 

Oberland. HANDECK FALL. Maps, pp. 200, 150. — III. E. 52. 233 

The Dossen Club Hut (8755') is reached in 5 hrs. from the Alp Rohr- 
matten (p. 232) by a path (last part rather fatiguing; guide 16 fr.) leading to 
the W. via the Fldschen Alx>. This is the starting-point for the Dossen- 
horn (10,300'; iVa hr. ; guide from Meiringen or Innertkirchen 25 fr.), the 
Wellhorn (10,485'; 2V2-3 hrs., guide 45 f r. ; laborious), the Renfenhorn 
(10,735'; 3 hrs.; guide 30 fr.), the Ha7igend-Gletsche7^hor7i {10,810' ; 4 hrs. ; 
guide 30 fr.); the Rosenhorn (12,110'), by the Rosenegg (see below) and 
the S.E. arete in 5 hrs. (guide 60 fr.), the Mittelhorn (12,165') and Wetter- 
liorn (Hasle-Jungfrau, 12,150'), by the Wettersattel (11,615') in 4-5 hrs. 
(much easier hence than from the Gleckstein Hotel, p. 221; guide 60 fr.). 
From the Dossen Hut over the Rosenegg (10,480'), between the Rosen- 
horn and Bergli-Joch, to the Gleckstein Hotel 5-5Va hrs., not difficult for 
experts (seep. 221); over the Rosenegg and the Lauteraar-Sattel {10,366'-, 
p. 222) to the Grimsel, 16 hrs. (guide 50 fr.), a grand glacier expedition, 
for thorough experts only. 

Beyond Innertkirchen the road is at first level and then gradually 
ascends on the right side of the wooded valley, running high above 
the rapid Aare, to the (IV2 M.) Aeussere Urweid (2349'; rfmts.). 
Beyond the short Zuhen Tunnel^ over which a waterfall descends, 
it reaches the {^^j^ M.) Innere Urweid (2464'; inn). It then crosses 
the Schlagbdchli and beyond another tunnel through a cliff of the 
Tonende Fluh arrives at (l^g ^^0 Baden (2933'), where it crosses 
the Aare before ascending to the (^g ^^0 post-station of Aegerstein- 
Mettlen (3084'; Hot.-Pens. Mettlen & Pens. Sommerheim, 30 beds 
from 2, pens, from 5-7 fr., plain but good). It then winds up the 
expanding valley, crosses the Spreitlauenenhach , and traverses 
wood and rock-strewn pastures to (2^4 M.) — 

91/2 M. Guttannen (3480'; Hot.-Pens. Haslital, 45 beds at 2-3, 
B. IY4, D. 272-372) pens. 6-8 fr., well spoken of; Bear, 35 beds at 
172-272, B. 174, D. 2-3 fr.; Stern, plain), the last village in the 
Oberhasli-Tal, at the foot of the i?i^2;ZzAor7i (10,765'; ascended hence 
in 71/2 hrs. ; guide 35 fr. ; trying; see p. 232). Over the Furtwang 
Saftel to the Ttnft Glacier, see p. 172 (guides, Joh. Fahner, 
Bened. and Alex. Nageli, and Kaspar Streun). 

Beyond Guttannen the valley narrows and the road ascends 
through wood. After I74 M. it crosses the wild and foaming Aare 
by the Tschingel-Brilcke (3740'). The valley becomes wilder, and 
barren black rocks rise on the right. Huge masses of debris are 
reminiscent of avalanche and torrent. About 1 M. farther on we 
recross the Aare by the Schwarzbrun7ien-Brucke (3995'). The 
stream becomes wilder and descends in noisy rapids. The road skirts 
the cliffs of the tStdtibenden, traverses a wood, and ascends the 
Handeck .Saddle in three long windings. From the (l''^/4 M.) Rest- 
aurant JTandecJckehrea we may reach (on the left) a point of view 
below the ^Handeck Fall, about 100 yds. from it. This cascade 
of the Aar<!, which (bjHcerids into an abyss, 240' in de])th, falls un- 
broken halfway to the bottom, and in its rebound forms a dense 
cloud of spray, in which rainbows are form(!d by the sunshine be- 
tween 10 and 1 o'clock, 'i'he silvery water of the ^r/7r///>c/r//, falls 

234 III' R' 52. — Map, p. 150. GRIMSEL HOSPICE. Bernese 

from a height to the left into the same chasm, mingling halfway down 
with the grey glacier-water of the Aare. The road threads a tunnel 
(4510') and, above the fall, crosses the Aerlenbach, near which is 
a terrace with a splendid ^Yiew of the fall; ^2 ^- (1^72 ^- from 
Meiringen), the Hotel Handeckfall (4650'; 60 beds at 3-5, B. IV2, 
L. 3^/2, D. 4^2? pens. 8-10 fr.), situated above the road, to the right. 

The road now traverses the boulder-strewn floor of the valley, 
with a view of a fall of the Gelmerbach, which descends from the 
Gelma^see (5968'), a lake on the hill to the left, between the Gel- 
merhorn and Schaubhorn (1^2 hr. from the Handeck; rough path 
via the Hellemad Briicke). The old bridle-path (no longer practic- 
able) diverges to the right and leads over rounded slabs of rock, 
called the Helle Platten, worn by glacier-friction. The road crosses 
the Aare below a waterfall by means of the Hellemad Briicke and 
ascends in a wide curve, amid grand and savage scenery. To the 
right (N.W.), above us, is the Aerlen G-lacier, with the rocky ridge 
of the Aerlengratli peering over it. Below is the brawling Aare. 
Traces of glacial action are visible high up on both sides. Refresh- 
ments may be obtained in a hut on the Kurzentcinnlen Alj) (5300'), 
in an expansion of the valley halfway between Handeck and the 
G-rimsel Hospice. The last pines now disappear and the road ascends 
steadily. Alpine roses abound and the whistle of the marmot resounds 
on every side. On the opposite bank appear the chalets in the 
Rdterichshoden (5595'), and high up, to the left, is the Gersten 
Glacier. Beyond the wild defile of Spitallamm , with interesting 
glacier-striation, the Zinkenstocke come into sight; behind them, 
to the right, rise the Finsteraarhorn and the Agassizhorn. 

17 M. Grimsel Hospice (6155'; Hotel, open June Ist-Oct. 1st, 
60 beds at 31/2-5, B. 1^/4, L. 31/2, D. 41/2, pens, from 8 fr.), lying at 
the W. end of the little Grimsel Lake, in a desolate basin, enclosed 
by rocks with patches of scanty herbage or moss. 

Excursions (guides at the hotel). The *Kleine Siedelhorn (9075'), 
3 hrs., easy (guide, 5 fr., not essential). We follow the Grimsel road 
nearly to the top of the pass, then turn to the right, and ascend, on the 
right side of the brook descending to the G-rimsel Lake (no path at first), 
over pasture, debris, and rocks, keeping to the right. Farther up a dis- 
tinct path ascends the arete, latterly over debris of granite, to the top. 
The view is imposing. Gigantic peaks surround us on every side: to the 
W. the Schreckhorn, the Finsteraarhorn, and the Fiescherhorner ; to the 
N.E. the Galenstock, from which the Rhone Glacier descends; to the S. 
the Upper Valais chain with its numerous ice-streams, particularly the Gries 
Glacier; to the S.W., in the distance, the Mischabel, Matterhorn, Weiss- 
horn, etc. (comp. Dill's Panorama). — Travellers bound for Obergestelen 
(p. 389) descend on the S.E. side, and there regain the bridle-path (guide 
advisable; comp. p. 236). 

To THE DoLLFUs HuT, 3V2 " <1 hrs. (there and back 6V2-7 hrs.; guide 
10 fr.), somewhat fatiguing but interesting. The Aare is formed, to the 
W. of the hospice, by the discharge of two vast glaciers, the Unteraar 
and the Oberaar Glacier, separated by the Zinkenstocke (9980'). The 
Unteraar Glacier is formed by the confluence of the Finsteraar and Lauter- 
aar Glaciers, which unite at the foot of the rocky arete '■Im Ahschumny'' 


Oberland. GKIMSEL HOSPICE. Maps,pp. 150, 200.~IIL R. 52. 235 

(10,310'), beyond a huge medial moraine, 100' high at places. At the foot 
of this arete (8286') the Swiss naturalist Htigi erected a hut in 1827. In 
1841 and several following years the eminent naturalist Agassiz, with 
Desor, Vogt, Wild, and other savants, spent some time here, dating their 
interesting observations from the 'Hotel des Neuchatelois', a stone hut 
on the medial moraine. These huts have long since disappeared. M. Doll- 
fus-Ausset next erected the 'Pavilion Dollfus', now the Dollfus Hut 
of the S.A.C. (7850'), lower down, on the N. side of the Lauteraar Glacier 
(comp. p. 222). A footpath leads from the hospice along the right bank 
of the Aare to the (20 min.) Balmsteg (6013'; substantial bridge) and then 
up the left bank via the Unteraar Alp to the (40 min.) chalets of Ghdlter 
(6160'). About 5 min. farther on the path ascends to the right and in 
10 min. more we take to the middle of the glacier (direction indicated by 
cairns). We ascend for Va br. over debris and for 1 hr. more over neve, 
until we reach a point where the hut comes in sight, to the right. Here 
we ascend the large moraine (cairn) and strike a path leading to (Va hr.) 
the Club Hut, on a rocky height overlooking the Unteraar Glacier. Oppos- 
ite rise the Zinkenstocke , Tierberg, Scheuchzerhorn, and Escherhorn; 
in the background, above the Finsteraar Glacier, the Finsteraarhorn ; 
and to the right the huge Lauteraarhorner and Schreckhorner. — We may 
continue our walk on the glacier as far as (3/^ hr.) the foot of the Ab- 
schwung (see above), where we enjoy a full view of the majestic Finster- 
aarhorn. In the medial moraine adjoining the Lauteraar Glacier, nearly 
opposite the Dollfus Hut, is a fragment of rock bearing the names of 
'Stengel 1844; Otz. Ch. Martins 1845', inscribed during the observations 
above referred to. The rock, re-discovered in 1884, was then about 2650 yds. 
from its original site. 

The Ewigschneehorn (10,930'; 4-4y2 hrs. from the Dollfus Hut) is 
a toilsome climb, suited only for adepts, with guides. It is better attacked 
from the Gauli Hut (p. 232; 4i/a-5 hrs.; guide 35 fr.). — Ankenballi 
(11,825'), 4Vvj-5 hrs. from the Dollfus Hut, fatiguing (guide from Meiringen 
36 fr.). Descent to the Gauli Hut, 3V2 hrs. 

The *Finsteraarhorn (14,025'), the highest of the Bernese Alps, 
14-16 hrs. from the Grimsel (guide 70, porter 50 fr.), is very trying and 
difficult; easier from the Concordia Hut in 8-9 hrs. (see below). From the 
Grimsel to the (7-8 hrs.) Oberaar Club Hut, see below. The route thence 
leads across the Genislilcke {Rothorn-Sattel, ca. 11,020'), between the Rot- 
horn and Finsteraarhorn, to the (21/2 hrs.) Finsteraar Hut of the S.A.C. 
(10,605'; provision-depot), on the S.W. slope of the Finsteraarhorn, whence 
we ascend to the Hugi-Sattel (13,205') and follow the N.W. arete to the 
(4-5 hrs.) top. **View of surpassing grandeur. — The Finsteraar Hut may 
be reached from the Concordia Inn (p. 391) via the Gi'unhorn-LUcke 
(10,840') in 4 hrs. From the Schwarzegg-Hutte (p. 222) the Finsteraarhorn 
may be readied via the Finsteraar-Joch (11,020'), the Agassiz-Joch (12,630'), 
and the Hugi-Sattol in 10 hrs. (guide from Grindelwald 80 fr., with descent 
to the Grimsel 90, to tlie Eggishoru Hotel 100 fr.). — Studerhorn (11,933'), 
from the Oberaarjoch Hut by the Lovxr Studer-Joch (11,245') in 2V2-3 hrs., 
for experts only, with guide. The descent on the W. side to the Studer 
Glacier is very steep and difficult. 

Fkom the Grimsel Hospice to the Fukka direct over the Nagelis- 
gratli (8747'), 5 hrs. (guide 12 fr., advisable), a tine but fatiguing walk, 
for good walkers preferahle to the Grimsel Pass, see p. 159. 

From 'ihk Grimsel to the P^ooihhorn Hotel over the Obekaar-Joch, 
14 hrs., fatiguing but interesting (guide 45 fr., including the Oheiaarhorn 
56 fr,). We ascend viA, th(! Oberaar Alp and the Oberaar (J lacier in 7-H hrs. 
to the fxin'Ay situated Oberaar Hut of the S.A.(J. (10,915'), situated to the 
N.W. of the Oberaar-Joch (10,607'), at the foot of the Oberaarhorn 
(11,950'), which may he asctended hence by experts in 1 hr. We next tra- 
verse the Studerflrn to the ('/^ hr.) (Jemsliiche (see ahovo), and descend 
(steep) to the FieHcherflm. Hence tin; route curves to the right to the 
(l'/4 '>r.) Griivhorn-Ijiiche (10,840') and descends by easy snow-slopeH to 
the ('V^ hr.) Concordia [mi (p. 391). 

236 IILB.52.~Map,p.i50. GRIMSEL PASS. 

From the Grimsel over the Strahlegg (14 hrs. ; guide 40 fr.), the 
Flnsteraar-Joch (14 hrs.; guide 40 fr.), or the Lauteraar-Sattel (15 hrs.; 
guide 60 fr.) to Grind elivald, see p. 222; over the THft-Limmi to the 
Trift-Hiitte and to Irmertkirchen (12 hrs. ; guide 35 fr.), see p. 172. 

The road crosses the bridge between the two arms of the Grimsel 
Lake (short-cut by the old bridle-path, to the right) and winds up 
to the (I972 ^^•) Grimsel Pass (7135'), which marks the boundary 
between Canton Bern and the Yalais. The small and dark Totensee 
('lake of the dead'; 7034') was used as a burial-place during the 
struggle in 1799 between the Austrians and the French. Fine view 
of the Yalais Alps and the great Gries Grlacier. 

A footpath to the right, at the topmost bend of the pass, ascends a 
stony tract to the height of 7230', and descends via the Grimsel Alp to 
(2 hrs.) Obergestelen (p. 389; in the opposite direction 2Va-3 hrs.; follow 
the poles; guide, 5 fr., advisable in dull weather). — Those who come from 
the Rhone Glacier and intend to climb the Kleine Siedelhorn (p. 234) do 
not ascend direct from the pass, but follow the road for some way 
beyond the curve on the Bern side before diverging to the left. 

From the pass the road descends the Maienwang, a steep slope 
carpeted with rhododendrons and other Alpine plants, in view of the 
Rhone Glacier, the Dammastock, and the Galenstock. The bridle- 
path (shorter) is in bad condition. The (3^2 ^^ iip 1^/2 hr.) — 

23 M.i?/io/ze(TZacieri?oj^eZ(5750') is described atp. 389. Thence 
to Brigue, see R. 83 ; over the Furka to Andermattj see R. 36. 

53. Prom Spiez to Leuk over the Gemmi. 

42 M. Railway to Frutigen^ 8 M., in 35 min. (fares 1 fr. 40 c, 1 fr.). 
Diligence from Frtitigen to Kandersteg, 8 M., thrice daily in summer in 
2V3 hrs. (fare 2 fr. 55 c. ; ticket-office in the 3rd class waiting-room at 
Frutigen, after arrival of the trains); one-horse carr. 10, two-horse 18 fr. 
— From Kandersteg a well-kept bridle-path leads over the Gefnmi, one of 
the grandest of the Alpine passes, to the Baths of Leuk (5V2 hrs. ; guide 
needless, 10 fr., horse to the Gremmi-Pass 15 f r. ; riding down the Gemmi- 
wand impracticable). — Carriage-road (diligence twice daily in 1=^4 hr., 
fare 3 fr. 75 c.; carriage 10-15, with two horses 20-25 fr.) from the Baths 
to (10 M.) the station of Leuk in the Rhone Valley. — Lotschberg Rail- 
way, with a tunnel about 8^/2 M. in length from Kandersteg to Goppen- 
stein iu the Lotschen-Tal (p. 243) under construction. 

Spiez, see p. 193. The Frutigen railway diverges to the right 
from the line to Interlaken, threads the Hondrich Tunnel (1 M. 
long), and then skirts the right brnk of the Kander, with a view 
of the Bliimlisalp to the S., to (31/4 M.) Heustrich-Emdthal (2355'; 
restaurant). An iron bridge here crosses the impetuous Kander 
(2230') to the much-frequented Bad Heustrich (2295'; ^^Bad- 
Hotel, June Ist-Sept. 30th, 300 beds, R. 2^j^-(i, pens. 972-14, music- 
tax Y2 f^* d^ily)) ^^ ^ well-sheltered situation at the foot of the 
Niesen, with an alkaline-saline sulphur-spring and a beautiful view 
the Bliimlisalp. Bridle-path to the top of the Niesen (4^2"^ hrs.), 
see p. 196. — Before reaching (41/4 M ) Miilenen (2260'; Pens. 
Mulenen, 30 beds, 5-8 fr., unpretending but good ; Bar, pens. 4-5 fr.) 


KIENTAL. Map, p. 190. -HI. R, 58. 237 

we cross the Suldbach. Beautiful view of the triple-peaked Blilmlis- 
alp to the left. Cable-railway to the Niesen, see p. 195. Road to 
^schi (1 hr.), see p. 196. 

5 M. Reichenbach (2335'; Bar, R. 2-3, pens. 5-7 fr., good; 
KreitZy plain; Restaurant zum Bahnhof, opposite the station), 
^/4 M. to the E. of the station, at the mouth of the Kiental. 

A visit to the picturesque *Kiental is interesting. From Reichenhach 
a road (diligence in summer twice daily in IV4 hr., 1 fr. 20 c.; one-horse 
carriage 6, there and back 10 fr. and fee) ascends to the S.E. via the 
straggling village of (IVa M.) Scharnachtal (2780') , beyond which opens 
a splendid survey of the deep and finely wooded Kiental, commanded by 
the majestic Bltlmlisalp. The (3 M.) village of Kiental (3105'; *H6t.-Pens. 
Kientaler Hof, 100 beds at 2Va-3, B. IV4, D. 3, S. 2, pens. 6-9 fr. ; *H6t.-Pens. 
Schonegg, 85 beds at 2-3V27 ^' 3, pens. 6-8 fr.; Hot-Pens. Bar, pens. 5-6 fr., 
Pens. Aipeiihlick, 41/4-5 fr., both well spoken of; guides, Rudolf, Christen, 
and Jakob Mani, and Joh. Bischoff) is charmingly situated and is frequented 
as a summer-resort. Hence a cart-road (guide to the Hot. Bltimlisalp 
5 fr., unnecessary) leads up the right bank of the Kienbach through the 
Gorneren-Grund, soon affording a fine view of the massive and rugged 
Grspaltenhorn, to the (1 hr.) *II6t.-Pens. Alpenruh (3740'; pens. 5-7 fr.) 
and (10 min.) the Tschingel-Alp (3782'), leaving the chalets on the right. 
We now ascend by a good path through a wooded ravine and, at the 
(20 min.) Lower Pochtenbach Fall, cross to the right bank by an iron bridge, 
immediately above which, to the left, is the curious round Hexenkessel 
('Witches Cauldron'), pass the pretty Dilnden Fall (2 min. beyond which, 
to the left of the path, is the imposing Ux>per Pochten Fall), and ascend 
steeply through wood, finally traversing a little rocky gorge, at the end 
of which, to the right, is the (3/4 hr.) ^Hot.-Pens. Blumlisalp (4592'; R. 
2Va-4, pens. 7-10 fr.), on the Gries Alp. This is a good starting-point for 
several mountain-excursions. — Over the Hohtiirli (9055') to Kandersteg, 
7 hrs. with guide (20 fr.), very interesting (at the Bund Alp this route joins 
that described at p. 212). — Over the Sefinen- Furgge (8583') to Miirren, 
7 hrs. (guide, 18 fr., not indispensable for experts), see p. 212 ; just below the 
Hot. Bltlmlisalp a bridge crosses the Pochtenbach to the Inner Gorneren 
Alp, on the way to the Steinenberg and Durrenberg Alps (p. 212). — 
Over the Gamchi-Liicke (9295') to the Tschinf/el Glacier (to the Mutthorn 
Hut 6 hrs., to Ober-Steinberg 8 hrs.), laborious, for experts only, with 
guide (25 fr.); see p. 213. — The Gspaltenhorn (11,295'; Si/a;^ hrs.; guide 
50 fr.), a difficult ascent, for good climbers only: from the Hot. Bltlmlisalp 
to the (4 hrs.) Gspaltenhorn Club Hut (7920'), on the S. side of the Biitt- 
lassen, then over the N. W. arete to (4Va-5 hrs.) the summit. — The Biittlassen 
(10,489'), ascended from the